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Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 28, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
K Question by K on Feb 22, 2024Hindi

Am of 55 years. Pvt job since 1990. No investment till now. want to earn money additionally. Pls. suggest.

Ans: What suggestion you want ?
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Dev Ashish  |48 Answers  |Ask -

MF Expert, Financial Planner - Answered on Apr 26, 2023

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 24, 2023Hindi
How do I earn monthly income of 2 lakhs post retirement which is 15 years away? Please suggest options
Ans: If we calculate using a few assumptions, like post-retirement life of 25 years; average inflation of 6% pa during that period, and portfolio returns of about 8% (assuming a judicious mix of equity and debt with a higher allocation to the latter), then you need to have a corpus of about Rs 4.8 Cr. This is to ensure that starting at Rs 2 lakh monthly (after 15 years), your monthly income from there on increases by at least 6% assumed inflation. And starting from zero, you need to invest about Rs 1.1 lakh per month assuming equity:debt 50:50 and this monthly investment amount should increase by at least 5% every year.

To reach this target corpus, you have a sufficiently long runway of 15 years. So you should be willing to invest a major chunk in equities via equity funds if your risk appetite allows for it. You may also have some of the existing assets, which too can be earmarked towards this retirement corpus.

As mentioned, for equity allocation, choose diversified equity funds categories like passive largecap funds, flexicap funds, and large&midcap funds (and if you have a sufficiently high-risk appetite, then mid-and-small cap funds as well). For debt, your EPF+VPF alongwith PPF should be sufficient.

When the time comes for retirement (in 15 years), you may have to divide your portfolio into 2 buckets. One to take care of income needs (via SCSS, debt funds, PPF withdrawals, bonds, etc.) and the other for growth (via equity funds and ETFs)

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 22, 2024Hindi
Hai I am 45yrs old business person , doing medium turn over and medium profit want to earn more money . I have 1 to 2 lakhs to invest Please suggest me where can I do ?
Ans: Firstly, I must commend you for your entrepreneurial spirit and your dedication to improving your financial situation.

Investing wisely can indeed be a pathway to greater wealth, and your willingness to explore options is admirable. With your current financial position and aspirations, it's essential to approach investment with caution and diligence.

Before diving in, take a moment to reflect on your risk tolerance and investment goals. Understanding these will guide your decisions and help manage expectations.

Now, with your budget in mind, let's explore some potential avenues for investment:

Consider starting with diversified mutual funds or index funds. They offer a balanced approach to investing, spreading risk across various assets.
Explore the stock market cautiously. With thorough research and guidance, you can identify promising companies poised for growth.
Peer-to-peer lending platforms can offer attractive returns. However, be sure to understand the associated risks and choose reputable platforms.
Investing in yourself is also crucial. Consider furthering your education or acquiring new skills relevant to your business or industry.
Don't overlook the potential of online businesses or e-commerce ventures. With your business acumen, you may find success in this rapidly growing sector.
Remember, patience and persistence are key virtues in the world of investment. It's essential to stay informed, adapt to market changes, and remain disciplined in your approach.

Lastly, never hesitate to seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner like myself. We're here to offer expertise and support on your journey towards financial success.

Keep your spirits high, and trust in your ability to make informed decisions. Your commitment to improving your financial situation is admirable, and I'm confident you'll achieve your goals with perseverance and sound planning.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 01, 2024Hindi
I am 57 years old. After 5 years I want income 5 lakh per month. How and where to invest to get 5 lakh income per month.
Ans: Planning for a secure and comfortable future is essential, especially as you approach retirement. Ensuring a monthly income of Rs. 5 lakh within five years is an ambitious goal, but achievable with the right strategy. Below, we’ll explore various investment options and strategies to help you reach this goal.

Understanding Your Financial Goals
To achieve Rs. 5 lakh per month, you need a clear understanding of your financial goals. This involves assessing your current financial situation, expected expenses, and desired lifestyle post-retirement. It’s important to determine the total corpus required to generate this income through careful planning and projections.

Risk Assessment and Investment Horizon
At 57, your risk tolerance is likely moderate. Balancing risk and returns is crucial. Your investment horizon is five years, meaning you need to invest in options that provide substantial growth without exposing you to excessive risk.

Importance of Diversification
Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across various asset classes. This ensures that poor performance in one area doesn’t drastically impact your overall portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio is key to achieving stable returns.

Equities: The Growth Engine
Equities can be a significant part of your investment portfolio. They offer the potential for high returns, which is essential to meet your goal. Actively managed equity mutual funds, where a professional fund manager makes investment decisions, can be a good choice. These funds have the potential to outperform the market, providing higher returns than passive index funds.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Professional Management: Fund managers use their expertise to select high-performing stocks.
Potential for Higher Returns: Active funds aim to beat the market, unlike index funds that just track it.
Flexibility: Managers can adjust the portfolio in response to market changes.
Debt Instruments: Stability and Safety
Debt instruments provide stability and lower risk. They should form a significant part of your portfolio to ensure capital preservation and steady income. Examples include government bonds, corporate bonds, and debt mutual funds.

Benefits of Debt Mutual Funds
Regular Income: Debt funds provide regular interest income.
Lower Risk: They are less volatile compared to equities.
Liquidity: Debt funds offer easy liquidity, allowing access to your money when needed.
Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP)
Systematic Withdrawal Plans from mutual funds can provide regular income. You can invest a lump sum in a mutual fund and withdraw a fixed amount monthly. This ensures a steady cash flow while your investment continues to grow.

Benefits of SWPs
Regular Income: Provides a fixed monthly income.
Tax Efficiency: Capital gains are taxed favorably compared to interest income.
Flexibility: You can adjust the withdrawal amount as needed.
Balancing Equity and Debt
A balanced approach is crucial. Typically, a 60:40 or 50:50 equity-to-debt ratio is advisable for someone close to retirement. This provides growth potential while ensuring stability and safety.

Mutual Funds: A Closer Look
Mutual funds offer a range of options suitable for different risk profiles and investment goals. Actively managed funds, including equity and balanced funds, can provide the growth needed to achieve your goal. Debt funds offer the stability and regular income required for retirement.

Benefits of Mutual Funds
Professional Management: Fund managers have the expertise to make informed investment decisions.
Diversification: Mutual funds invest in a variety of securities, spreading risk.
Flexibility: They offer different schemes to suit various investment needs and risk appetites.
Importance of Regular Reviews
Regularly reviewing your investment portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your goals. Markets and personal circumstances change, and your portfolio should be adjusted accordingly. This involves assessing the performance of your investments and rebalancing the portfolio if necessary.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning is essential to maximize your returns. Different investment options have different tax implications. Understanding these can help you make tax-efficient investment decisions.

Tax-Efficient Investment Strategies
Equity Mutual Funds: Long-term capital gains (LTCG) up to Rs. 1 lakh are tax-free. Gains above this are taxed at 10%.
Debt Mutual Funds: LTCG from debt funds are taxed at 20% with indexation benefits, reducing the tax liability.
SWPs: Provide regular income while being tax-efficient due to favorable treatment of capital gains.
Contingency Planning
Having an emergency fund is crucial. It ensures you have access to funds in case of unexpected expenses without disrupting your investment plan. Typically, an emergency fund should cover 6-12 months of expenses.

Professional Guidance
Working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial situation and goals. A CFP can help create a comprehensive financial plan, select appropriate investments, and provide ongoing support.

Achieving a monthly income of Rs. 5 lakh in five years requires careful planning, disciplined investing, and regular reviews. By understanding your financial goals, assessing your risk tolerance, and diversifying your investments, you can create a robust investment strategy.

Key Takeaways
Diversify Your Portfolio: Spread investments across equities and debt.
Opt for Actively Managed Funds: Leverage professional expertise for higher returns.
Utilize SWPs: Ensure regular income through systematic withdrawals.
Regularly Review Your Portfolio: Adjust investments as needed.
Plan for Taxes and Contingencies: Maximize returns through tax-efficient strategies and maintain an emergency fund.
Action Plan
Assess Your Financial Situation: Understand your current assets, liabilities, and income needs.

Set Clear Goals: Define your desired monthly income and the total corpus required.

Create a Diversified Portfolio: Invest in a mix of equities and debt instruments.

Opt for Actively Managed Funds: Choose funds managed by professionals for better returns.

Implement SWPs: Set up systematic withdrawals to ensure regular income.

Review and Adjust Regularly: Monitor your portfolio and make necessary adjustments.

Seek Professional Advice: Work with a Certified Financial Planner for personalized guidance.

By following these steps, you can work towards achieving your goal of Rs. 5 lakh monthly income. Stay committed to your plan, make informed decisions, and adjust as needed. Your financial future can be secure and comfortable with the right approach.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 10, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
Sir, I am a 57 yrs old ex-nri returned from middle east. Which is the best investment option for me to get a monthly income (like pension)?
Ans: Let's go through a detailed plan to help you find the best investment options to secure a steady monthly income, similar to a pension. I understand your goal and will provide a comprehensive, step-by-step guide.

Understanding Your Financial Needs
First, let's understand your financial situation and goals:

Age: 57 years old
Retirement: Already retired, seeking monthly income
Goal: Secure a steady monthly income similar to a pension

Returning to India after years of hard work in the Middle East is a significant milestone. It shows your dedication and commitment to securing a better future. Let's ensure that your efforts translate into a comfortable and worry-free retirement.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Let's evaluate your current financial standing. It's essential to know your existing assets, savings, and any other income sources. Please note, specific schemes and detailed calculations are avoided as per your request.

Key Areas to Focus On
Safe and Reliable Investment Options
Diversification of Investments
Creating a Steady Monthly Income Stream
Mitigating Risks
Tax Efficiency
Safe and Reliable Investment Options
Monthly Income Plans (MIPs)
Monthly Income Plans are mutual fund schemes designed to provide regular income. They invest in both equity and debt instruments. MIPs offer better returns than traditional fixed-income options and are less risky than pure equity funds.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
Bank FDs are a traditional choice for generating a steady income. They are safe and offer guaranteed returns. You can opt for monthly interest payouts to create a regular income stream.

Senior Citizens' Saving Scheme (SCSS)
SCSS is specifically designed for senior citizens. It offers attractive interest rates, and you can receive quarterly interest payments. This scheme is backed by the government, ensuring safety.

Diversification of Investments
Diversified Portfolio
Diversifying your investments across different asset classes can reduce risk and provide a stable income. Consider a mix of equities, debt, and other instruments.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt mutual funds invest in fixed-income securities. They are less volatile than equity funds and provide regular income. Opt for funds with monthly dividend payout options.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
SWP is a feature in mutual funds that allows you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly. It helps in generating a steady income while keeping your capital invested.

Creating a Steady Monthly Income Stream
Laddering Fixed Deposits
Laddering involves investing in multiple FDs with different maturity periods. This strategy ensures liquidity and regular income. As one FD matures, you can reinvest it, creating a continuous income stream.

Annuity Plans
Annuity plans offer guaranteed income for life. You can invest a lump sum, and in return, you receive regular payouts. However, be cautious as annuities can have high fees and lower returns compared to other options.

Mutual Fund Dividends
Invest in mutual funds that offer regular dividend payouts. Choose funds with a history of consistent dividend payments.

Mitigating Risks
As mentioned earlier, diversifying your investments can reduce risk. Avoid putting all your money into one investment.

Risk Assessment
Assess your risk tolerance. At 57, it's crucial to prioritize safety over high returns. Focus on low-risk investments that provide steady income.

Regular Review
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Make adjustments based on market conditions and your financial needs.

Tax Efficiency
Tax-Free Bonds
Invest in tax-free bonds issued by government entities. The interest earned is tax-free, providing a higher effective return.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS)
POMIS offers a fixed monthly income with minimal risk. The interest earned is taxable, but it's a safe and reliable option.

Tax Planning
Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for tax-efficient investment strategies. Proper tax planning can enhance your post-tax returns.

Advantages of Mutual Funds
Mutual funds harness the power of compounding. Reinvesting dividends or gains helps your investment grow exponentially over time.

Professional Management
Mutual funds are managed by experts who make informed investment decisions. This expertise can help you achieve better returns.

Mutual funds invest in a diversified portfolio of securities. This reduces risk and provides a balanced return.

Mutual funds offer high liquidity. You can buy or sell units easily, providing flexibility.

Categories of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds
Equity funds invest in stocks. They offer high returns but come with higher risk. Suitable for long-term investments.

Debt Funds
Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities. They are less volatile and provide regular income. Suitable for conservative investors.

Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds invest in both equity and debt. They balance risk and return, offering moderate growth and income.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Passive Management
Index funds are passively managed, meaning they replicate a specific index. They lack the potential for active management to outperform the market.

Limited Flexibility
Index funds follow a set index, providing limited flexibility to adapt to market changes or capitalize on new opportunities.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Active Management
Actively managed funds are handled by professional fund managers. They aim to outperform the market by selecting the best securities.

Potential for Higher Returns
With active management, there's potential for higher returns compared to passive index funds.

Tactical Allocation
Fund managers can make tactical allocation decisions based on market conditions, enhancing returns.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Lack of Guidance
Investing in direct funds means you don't get professional advice. This can be challenging for those unfamiliar with the market.

Managing direct funds requires time and effort. You need to research and make informed decisions regularly.

Benefits of Regular Funds via CFP
Expert Advice
Investing through a CFP provides expert guidance. They help you choose the right funds based on your goals and risk tolerance.

Personalized Service
CFPs offer personalized service, ensuring your investments align with your financial plan.

Investing through a CFP is convenient. They handle the paperwork and provide regular updates on your portfolio.

Final Insights
Securing a steady monthly income post-retirement requires a well-planned investment strategy. Focus on safe and reliable options like Monthly Income Plans, Fixed Deposits, and Senior Citizens' Saving Scheme. Diversify your investments to mitigate risk and ensure a steady income. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio to stay aligned with your financial goals. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and tax-efficient strategies.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


..Read more

Latest Questions
Aasif Ahmed Khan

Aasif Ahmed Khan   |61 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Career Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Hello I completed btech in mechanical engineering from iiT kanpur but I have not placed by recruiter and didn't get any job then what is I do
Ans: Remember that job searching takes time, and rejection is part of the process. Stay motivated, keep learning, and believe in your abilities. You’ll find the right opportunity eventually!
Job hunting can be challenging, but persistence pays off. Keep applying and stay positive.
Reflect on your skills, interests, and strengths. Identify areas where you excel and areas where you need improvement. Consider taking online courses or certifications to enhance your skills in specific domains.

Use job portals, company websites, and social media platforms to search for job openings. Apply to positions that align with your background and interests.
Connect with professionals in your field through LinkedIn, industry events, and workshops. Attend job fairs, conferences, and meetups to expand your network.
Update your resume and tailor it to highlight relevant experiences and skills. Write a compelling cover letter that showcases your passion and suitability for the roles you’re applying for.

Consider learning programming languages (Python, MATLAB, etc.) or software commonly used in mechanical engineering.
Explore areas like data analysis, simulation, or CAD design. Apply for internships or short-term projects to gain practical experience. Showcase any personal projects related to mechanical engineering on your portfolio. Obtain relevant certifications (e.g., Six Sigma, AutoCAD, SolidWorks) to enhance your profile.

In other hand, If you’re open to it, explore master’s programs or specialized courses that align with your interests.

...Read more


Mayank Chandel  |1473 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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