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R P

R P Yadav  |304 Answers  |Ask -

HR, Workspace Expert - Answered on Mar 15, 2024

R P Yadav is the founder, chairman and managing director of Genius Consultants Limited, a 30-year-old human resources solutions company.
Over the years, he has been the recipient of numerous awards including the Lifetime Achievement Award from World HR Congress and HR Person Of The Year from Public Relations Council of India.
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Harish Question by Harish on Jun 25, 2023Hindi
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Career

I am a Post graduate in Marketing Mgmnt with a Civil Engg degree. I am 50 yrs old and I am working in Ports and Marine field currently. Kindy suggest if any further courses like Financial management or Port & Terminal Management would help in my career advancement and also good instiutes for taking up the courses online..

Ans: Certainly! Considering your background in Civil Engineering, your current work in the Ports and Marine field, and your interest in career advancement, let’s explore some relevant courses and potential institutes:

Maritime and Shipping Courses:
Scope: The maritime industry plays a crucial role in international trade and commerce. Almost 90% of global trade is conducted through sea routes, emphasizing the need for professionals in this field.
Courses:
Diploma in Marine Engineering: A 3-year program that covers marine fundamentals and practical aspects.
Diploma in Logistics and Shipping: A 1-year course focusing on logistics and shipping operations.
Diploma in Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering: A 3-year program related to ship design and offshore structures.
Diploma in Nautical Science: A 1-year course covering navigation and seamanship.
B.Sc. in Ship Building and Repair: A 3-year undergraduate program.
B.Sc. in Maritime Science: A 3-year degree emphasizing maritime operations.
B.Tech/B.E. in Marine Engineering: A 4-year engineering program specific to marine systems.
M.Tech in Marine Engineering: A 2-year master’s program with advanced marine studies.
M.Sc in Shipping Trade and Finance: A 1-year master’s program focusing on shipping business and finance 1.
Management Courses:
MBA in Shipping and Logistics: A 2-year master’s program that combines business management with shipping expertise.
MBA in International Transportation & Logistics Management: A 2-year program covering global logistics and transportation.
MBA in Port and Shipping Management: A 2-year course specifically focused on port operations and management.
Online Institutes and Platforms:
Coursera: Offers various online courses related to marine topics. You can explore their offerings and find courses that align with your interests.
Abu Dhabi Maritime Academy: Known for superior maritime training and career development opportunities.
Considerations:
Interest: Choose a course that aligns with your interests and career goals.
Global vs. Local: Decide whether you want to focus on international opportunities or the Indian maritime sector.
Financial Aspects: Consider the cost of courses and potential return on investment.
Remember that continuous learning and upskilling are essential for career growth. Evaluate your preferences, explore course details, and choose wisely. Best of luck with your career advancement!
Career

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Abhishek

Abhishek Shah  |76 Answers  |Ask -

HR Expert - Answered on Jun 23, 2023

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Career
Hi, I am working in one of the shipping line MNC, i handling there accounts receivable since past 6 years, before this, i was with airlines company, was handling there account payable profile. though its been 13 years of experince, i am not getting any growth and feeling like i am going no where in career. please guide me what option and suitable courses which will help me in my prifessional growth.
Ans: Hello Mahesh,

I understand that despite your 13 years of experience in handling accounts receivable and accounts payable, you are currently feeling stagnant and seeking guidance on suitable courses and options for professional growth. I can offer you some suggestions to help you progress in your career.

Continuous Learning: In the ever-evolving world of finance and accounting, it is crucial to stay updated with the latest trends, regulations, and technologies. Consider enrolling in courses or pursuing certifications that enhance your knowledge in areas such as financial analysis, risk management, data analytics, or international accounting standards. These will not only expand your skill set but also make you more valuable to your current and future employers.

Specialization: Assess your strengths and interests within the accounting field and consider specializing in a particular area. For example, you could focus on tax accounting, auditing, financial planning and analysis, or managerial accounting. Specializing can help you stand out from the competition and open up new opportunities for career advancement.

Networking and Professional Associations: Engage with professional associations related to accounting and finance, both locally and internationally. Attend conferences, seminars, and networking events to meet professionals in your field and expand your professional network. Building connections can lead to new career prospects, mentorship opportunities, and valuable insights from industry experts.

Seek Internal Opportunities: Explore potential growth opportunities within your current organization. Speak with your supervisors or human resources department about your aspirations for career progression. Express your interest in taking on additional responsibilities, cross-functional projects, or managerial roles. Taking initiative and demonstrating your ambition can lead to internal promotions or transfers to more challenging positions.

Consider Advanced Degrees: Depending on your long-term career goals, you may consider pursuing an advanced degree such as a Master's in Business Administration (MBA), a Master's in Finance, or a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) qualification. These qualifications can enhance your knowledge, provide a broader business perspective, and potentially increase your earning potential.

Personal Development: Besides professional qualifications, do not overlook the importance of personal development. Enhance your leadership, communication, and interpersonal skills, as these qualities are highly valued in managerial positions. Consider attending workshops or seminars that focus on soft skills development.

Remember that professional growth is a continuous journey, and it requires a proactive approach. Assess your goals, skills, and interests regularly to ensure you are heading in the right direction. It is also crucial to maintain a positive attitude, embrace challenges, and stay motivated throughout your career.

I hope these suggestions provide you with a starting point for your professional growth. Wishing you the very best in your career endeavors.

Best regards,
Abhishek Shah

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Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 18, 2024Hindi
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Money
Sir I am 54 years old I am having the below investment of FDs worth 26 lac Gold investments worth 10 lac Shares worth 65 lac Mutual fund worth 14 lac NPS 12 lac SBI pension 29 lac Is the above corpus is sufficient for retirement
Ans: Assessing Your Retirement Corpus
Your current investments include FDs, gold, shares, mutual funds, NPS, and an SBI pension plan. Let’s evaluate if this corpus is sufficient for your retirement needs.

Compliments on Your Investments
You have done a commendable job accumulating a diverse portfolio. Your disciplined savings and investments reflect a proactive approach to financial security.

Evaluating Your Portfolio
Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs worth Rs 26 lakhs provide stability and guaranteed returns. However, the returns may not beat inflation over the long term. This can erode purchasing power.

Gold Investments
Gold worth Rs 10 lakhs acts as a hedge against inflation and economic instability. Gold prices can be volatile, but it is a good part of a diversified portfolio.

Shares
Shares worth Rs 65 lakhs offer growth potential through capital appreciation and dividends. However, they come with market risks. It’s important to have a balanced mix of high-quality stocks.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds worth Rs 14 lakhs provide diversification and professional management. Actively managed funds can offer higher returns compared to index funds, especially with professional guidance.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS worth Rs 12 lakhs is beneficial for long-term retirement savings. It offers tax benefits and a mix of equity and debt investments. The annuity component will provide a regular income post-retirement.

SBI Pension Plan
SBI pension plan worth Rs 29 lakhs will provide a steady income. It's crucial to understand the payout structure and ensure it meets your regular expenses.

Retirement Corpus Sufficiency
Estimating Retirement Expenses
Estimate your monthly expenses post-retirement, including healthcare, living costs, and leisure activities. Adjust for inflation to get a realistic figure.

Withdrawal Rate
A safe withdrawal rate is usually 4% of your retirement corpus per year. This ensures that your savings last through your retirement years.

Total Corpus Analysis
Your total corpus is Rs 156 lakhs (FDs: 26 lakhs + Gold: 10 lakhs + Shares: 65 lakhs + Mutual Funds: 14 lakhs + NPS: 12 lakhs + SBI Pension: 29 lakhs). Using the 4% rule, this corpus can provide around Rs 6.24 lakhs annually.

Professional Guidance
Importance of Diversification
Your diversified portfolio is well-structured, but regular reviews and adjustments are essential. Diversifying within asset classes can further reduce risks.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
A CFP can help optimize your portfolio for growth and stability. Professional advice ensures you make informed decisions, aligning investments with your retirement goals.

Recommendations
Increase Equity Exposure
Consider increasing your equity exposure through high-quality shares and mutual funds. This can help achieve better long-term growth.

Regular Portfolio Review
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your goals. Market conditions change, and so do financial needs.

Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an emergency fund separate from your retirement corpus. This fund should cover at least 6-12 months of expenses.

Conclusion
Your current corpus is substantial and diversified, providing a strong foundation for retirement. Regular reviews, diversification, and professional guidance will help ensure financial security. Continue to manage your investments prudently to maintain a comfortable and fulfilling retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

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Can I withdraw PF for buying a resale property?
Ans: Understanding PF Withdrawal for Property Purchase
Your question about withdrawing Provident Fund (PF) for buying a resale property is important and relevant. Let's explore the possibilities and regulations regarding this process.

PF Withdrawal Rules for Property Purchase
The Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) allows PF withdrawals for specific purposes, including the purchase of a property. However, certain conditions must be met to utilize this option.

Eligibility Criteria
Employment Tenure
You must have completed at least five years of service to be eligible for a PF withdrawal for purchasing a property.

Property Ownership
The property can be a house or flat and can be purchased individually or jointly with a spouse. The property must be in your or your spouse's name.

Amount of Withdrawal
Maximum Limit
You can withdraw up to 90% of your accumulated PF balance, including both employee and employer contributions, for purchasing a property. This amount includes the interest earned on your PF balance.

Purpose-Specific Regulations
Resale Property Purchase
The rules for buying a resale property are similar to those for purchasing a new property. The property must be free of any encumbrances, meaning it should not have any existing loans or legal disputes.

Documentation and Process
Application Submission
You need to submit Form 31 along with the required documents, such as a property agreement, identity proof, and a declaration form. These documents are necessary to verify your eligibility and the purpose of the withdrawal.

EPFO Approval
The EPFO will review your application and documents. Upon approval, the PF amount will be directly transferred to your bank account or to the seller as specified.

Tax Implications
Tax-Free Withdrawal
Withdrawals for purchasing a property are tax-free if you meet the eligibility criteria. However, if the PF account is less than five years old, the withdrawal amount may be subject to tax.

Strategic Considerations
Evaluating PF as a Funding Source
Withdrawing PF can be a strategic move if you need funds for purchasing a property. However, it reduces your retirement corpus. Carefully evaluate the impact on your long-term financial goals.

Alternative Financing Options
Consider other financing options like home loans. Home loans offer tax benefits on both principal repayment and interest payments under Sections 80C and 24(b) of the Income Tax Act.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help you assess the best course of action. A CFP can provide personalized advice based on your financial situation, goals, and risk tolerance.

Conclusion
Withdrawing PF for purchasing a resale property is possible if you meet the EPFO's eligibility criteria. Ensure you understand the implications and explore all financing options. Consulting a CFP can provide valuable guidance in making an informed decision.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 19, 2024Hindi
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Money
Sir, my mother-in-law is investing in stocks. My father-in-law is getting pension as a senior citizen from govt of Andhra Pradesh. If she becomes tax payer due to stock/MF investments, whether my father-in-law pension will be cancelled.
Ans: Understanding the Impact of Investments on Pension
It's commendable that your mother-in-law is investing in stocks and mutual funds. However, concerns about how these investments might affect your father-in-law's pension are valid and important to address.

Pension and Taxpayer Status
Pensions received by government employees, including those from the Andhra Pradesh government, are generally not affected by the income or tax status of their spouses. The pension is typically a benefit earned from years of service and is independent of the financial activities or tax liabilities of other family members.

Income Tax Implications
If your mother-in-law's investments in stocks and mutual funds lead to taxable income, she would need to pay taxes on that income according to the prevailing tax laws. This taxable income could come from dividends, capital gains, or interest from these investments.

Taxpayer Status
Becoming a taxpayer means she will need to file an income tax return and pay taxes on her investment earnings. This status does not influence the pension received by your father-in-law. His pension is a separate financial entity based on his government service, not affected by the tax filings of other family members.

Pension Eligibility and Regulations
Pensions are governed by specific rules and regulations. Typically, pensions are not contingent on the income levels or tax status of spouses or family members. Unless there are specific clauses in the pension scheme that tie it to family income (which is rare), your father-in-law's pension should remain unaffected.

Ensuring Compliance
While your father-in-law's pension is likely safe, it’s wise to ensure all financial activities comply with tax regulations. Properly filing taxes and declaring all income sources is essential to avoid any legal issues.

Financial Planning and Investment Strategy
It’s great to see your family engaging in investments. Here are a few tips for better financial planning:

Diversified Investments
Diversifying investments across different asset classes can reduce risk and provide more stable returns. This strategy includes a mix of stocks, mutual funds, bonds, and other instruments.

Professional Guidance
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help in making informed decisions. A CFP can provide advice on optimizing tax liabilities, choosing the right investments, and aligning them with financial goals.

Regular Review
Regularly reviewing your investment portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Market conditions change, and so do financial needs, necessitating periodic adjustments.

Conclusion
Your mother-in-law’s investment activities should not affect your father-in-law’s pension. Government pensions are typically secure and not influenced by the financial status of spouses. It’s important to manage investments wisely and ensure compliance with tax regulations. Consulting a CFP can provide valuable guidance in optimizing your investment strategy and tax planning.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 21, 2024Hindi
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Money
Now am 42 years, i have 20lacs outstanding plot loan... going to buy apartment for 71 lacs.. 50lac saving.. 25 lacs need to take loan or i sell a plot in home town. My retirement plan. PPF-1LAcs per year.. how to plan more pls adivce.
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
You have a strong financial base with savings and a property. Your current focus is on managing loans and planning for retirement. Let’s evaluate your options for buying an apartment and improving your retirement plan.

Managing Property and Loans
You have an outstanding plot loan of Rs 20 lakhs and plan to buy an apartment for Rs 71 lakhs. With Rs 50 lakhs in savings, you need an additional Rs 21 lakhs to complete the purchase.

Considering Selling the Plot
Selling the plot in your hometown can be a good option to avoid taking another loan. This will reduce your debt burden and free up cash flow for other investments. Evaluate the current market value of the plot to ensure it meets your financial needs.

Taking a Loan
If selling the plot isn’t feasible, taking a loan of Rs 21 lakhs is an alternative. With your current financial status, managing this additional loan should be manageable, but it will add to your debt obligations.

Planning for Retirement
Your current retirement plan includes investing Rs 1 lakh per year in PPF. While this is a good start, diversifying your investments will provide better growth potential.

Increasing PPF Contributions
PPF is a safe investment with tax benefits. Increasing your annual contributions, if possible, can boost your retirement corpus. However, relying solely on PPF may not be sufficient for a comfortable retirement.

Exploring Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can offer higher returns compared to traditional savings schemes. Fund managers actively make investment decisions to outperform the market, providing the potential for greater growth. Although they have higher fees, the benefits often outweigh the costs, especially for long-term goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds might seem attractive due to lower expense ratios, but they lack professional guidance. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers expert advice and better fund selection. This professional support can lead to improved financial outcomes compared to managing direct funds independently.

Monthly Savings Plan
To enhance your retirement savings, consider setting aside a fixed amount monthly into diversified mutual funds. This systematic investment approach helps in building a substantial corpus over time. A mix of equity and balanced funds can provide both growth and stability.

Importance of Diversification
Diversifying your investments spreads risk and increases potential returns. Combining different asset classes like equity, debt, and balanced funds helps manage market volatility. This approach ensures a more secure and balanced portfolio.

Regular Portfolio Review
Regularly reviewing and adjusting your portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your goals. Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time, necessitating periodic adjustments. Regular check-ins with a CFP help keep your investments on track and optimized for growth.

Conclusion
Your financial journey is commendable. Managing your property investments and planning for retirement are crucial steps. Selling the plot or taking a loan are viable options for buying the apartment. Diversifying your retirement investments with actively managed funds and increasing your monthly savings can significantly enhance your retirement corpus. Regular reviews and professional guidance will keep you on the right path.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 21, 2024Hindi
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Money
Hi Sir, Any best reliable metual fund that I am expecting to acheive 1 cr in 5 years means. What would be the best MF fund and how much I suppose pay monthly? Thank you.
Ans: Setting Realistic Financial Goals
Achieving a corpus of Rs 1 crore in 5 years is ambitious but possible with disciplined investing. Understanding your monthly savings requirement and selecting the right mutual funds are crucial steps in this journey.

Investment Strategy
Importance of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform index funds due to professional management. Fund managers make strategic decisions to maximize returns and manage risks. Although these funds have higher fees, their potential for higher returns makes them suitable for aggressive financial goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds may offer lower expense ratios but lack professional guidance. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides expert advice, helping you choose suitable funds and diversify your portfolio. This professional support can lead to better outcomes compared to managing direct funds on your own.

Monthly Savings Requirement
Achieving Rs 1 crore in 5 years requires substantial monthly investments. Assuming an aggressive annual growth rate, you need to save a significant amount monthly. A precise calculation from a CFP can help determine the exact figure based on expected returns and market conditions. For an ambitious goal like Rs 1 crore in 5 years, you might need to save approximately Rs 1.5 lakh per month, assuming a 12% annual return.

Selecting Suitable Mutual Funds
Given your aggressive goal, focus on high-performing mutual funds with a track record of strong returns. Diversified equity funds, mid-cap, and small-cap funds may offer the growth needed to reach your target. These funds invest in companies with high growth potential, which can lead to substantial returns over time.

Benefits of Diversified Equity Funds
Diversified equity funds invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks. This approach spreads risk across various sectors and companies, enhancing potential returns while managing risks. They are ideal for investors seeking growth without exposing their entire portfolio to high volatility.

Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Funds
Mid-cap and small-cap funds invest in companies with high growth potential but come with higher risk. These funds can provide significant returns but also experience higher volatility. Balancing your portfolio with a mix of these funds can help achieve your aggressive financial goals.

Risk Management
While aiming for high returns, managing risk is crucial. Diversifying your investments across different sectors and fund types can help mitigate risks. Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your goals and risk tolerance.

Importance of Diversification
Diversification spreads your investments across various asset classes, sectors, and geographies. This strategy reduces the impact of poor performance in a single investment. By diversifying, you protect your portfolio against market volatility and enhance potential returns.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Regularly reviewing and adjusting your portfolio is essential. Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time. Periodic check-ins with a CFP help make necessary adjustments, keeping your investments on track to achieve your Rs 1 crore goal.

Conclusion
Your ambition to achieve Rs 1 crore in 5 years is commendable. By focusing on actively managed funds and leveraging CFP guidance, you can optimize your investment strategy. Ensure you save a significant amount monthly, diversify your portfolio, and regularly review your progress. With discipline and strategic planning, you can reach your financial goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Anu

Anu Krishna  |884 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 19, 2024Hindi
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Relationship
My name is Anamika 27 years old from Punjab and about 17 months back i met person prakash from Bangalore age 42 through social media and initially it started as friendship and now we are loving each other a lot and we have met once and both spent considerable time together and we are ok to get married each other...problem is my family will not accept for love marriage and they are against love marrisges...i am punjabi and boy is south indian..there is 15 years age gap between us..for that reason also my family members will not accept boy...because he is 15 years elder than me...boy is already married and divorced...now i am planning to run away from home and get married with boy...as my family will not allow me to marry the person whom i love a lot...and don't want to miss thst boy...please advise what i can do in this given situation...i have brother too who is very aggressive and supporting my parents
Ans: Dear Anamika,
By running away, you are only making things more complicated for yourself.
You said: That you family WILL NOT accept this...how do you know if you still haven't asked them?
Also, let's say that they say NO...Find out what their concern is...being from the previous generation, they most likely might have an issue with him being divorced; which means you need to make an effort to make the boy and your parents meet. Let them also see what you see in him.
How easy it is to run away rather than actually facing things head on, right? Face the, fix them, work on them...then you will have a chance at more blossoming relationships. No where in your letter, I could read what the boy's opinion or reaction to the matter is. What does he feel about all this? How committed is he as you are the one planning to leave everything behind? How is his family background? These are missing gaps in your story and I urge you to look into this before taking any step. Marriage is not a movie type fairy tale; it is literally breaking into a new life and making something together as a couple. Do you two have that in you? Think...

All the best!
Anu Krishna
Mind Coach|NLP Trainer|Author
Drop in: www.unfear.io
Reach me: Facebook: anukrish07/ AND LinkedIn: anukrishna-joyofserving/

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 21, 2024Hindi
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Money
Sir, i am 51 years old...getting military pension 31k..later joined government service and earning 90k rs per month and have another nine years service left.. I have 8.2 lakhs in PPF due to mature in 2027. 25 lakhs in NPS..Have Military health scheme for family..Have constructed my house and having 52 lakhs loan..paying EMI of 52k per month..LIC Term insurance for 5 lakhs..SBI home loan insurance for 30 lakhs.. last month, i have started to invest in following MF.. Nippon india small cap direct 2k HSBC small cap direct 1k Aditya birla sunlife PSU equity fund 1k..Quant small cap direct fund 1k.. Motilal Oswal Nasdaq 100 FOF durect 1k.. Apart from that i have started to invest 20k in ETFs from last month. My daughter studying in 12th and son in 10th..10k is enough for monthly expenditure since have agricultural land...Kindly guide me , how i can overcome the debt, and accumulate money for my kids education.. one more question; Whether i should repay the loan on receiving any lumpsum amount or should i invest the same .. Thanks and regards..
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Position
You've built a strong financial foundation with your military pension and government job. Your disciplined approach to saving and investing is commendable. Understanding your current assets and liabilities is crucial for future planning.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals
Your goals include managing your home loan, saving for your children's education, and securing your financial future. Addressing these needs requires a balanced strategy that aligns with your moderate risk tolerance.

Managing Debt
Your home loan of Rs 52 lakhs with an EMI of Rs 52k per month is significant. Reducing this debt should be a priority to free up your cash flow.

If you receive a lump sum amount, consider using it to repay a portion of your loan. Paying down the principal reduces interest payments over time, easing your financial burden. Evaluate your loan's interest rate and compare it with potential investment returns to make an informed decision.

Investment Strategy
Actively Managed Funds Over Index Funds
Your current investments in small-cap and equity funds show a proactive approach. Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform index funds due to professional management. Although they come with higher fees, the potential for higher returns can be beneficial, especially for long-term goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
While direct funds may offer lower expense ratios, investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides expert guidance. A CFP can help you select suitable funds, diversify your portfolio, and make necessary adjustments. Regular funds with CFP advice often lead to better outcomes than direct funds managed independently.

Saving for Children's Education
Your daughter in 12th and son in 10th will soon need funds for higher education. Starting now with systematic investments can help accumulate the necessary funds. Consider balanced funds or debt funds for safer, consistent returns aligned with your moderate risk tolerance.

Monthly Savings and Investments
Your monthly investments of Rs 6k in mutual funds and Rs 20k in ETFs show dedication. However, be cautious with ETFs, as they track market indices and may not align with your risk profile. Actively managed funds may be a better option due to professional oversight.

Emergency Fund and Health Insurance
Your military health scheme and existing savings provide a safety net. Ensuring you have an adequate emergency fund, ideally six months of expenses, is crucial. This ensures you can handle unexpected costs without disrupting your financial plans.

Importance of Regular Review
Regularly reviewing and adjusting your portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your goals and risk tolerance. Market conditions change, and so do personal circumstances. Periodic check-ins with a CFP help in making necessary adjustments and staying on track.

Conclusion
You've laid a solid foundation with your savings and investments. To manage your debt, consider using lump sums to repay the home loan, reducing interest payments. Focus on actively managed funds for potential higher returns, and seek CFP guidance to optimize your investments. Regularly review your portfolio to stay aligned with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

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Hi Sir, I am 32 years old and my monthly household income is about Rs 1.2 lakh. We have saved close to Rs 3 lakh in SBI Magnum LTEF, nearly Rs 10 lakh in the Provident Fund, Rs 3.5 lakh in NPS, 5 lakhs in post office NSC and an emergency fund of 11 lakhs. I have a hdfc term life insurance with cover of 2Cr upto 85 years with monthly premium 5K. Our monthly expenses are upto 25K. How much should we save in the next 10 years to create a Rs 2 crore retirement corpus? I also need Rs 50 lakhs for our son’s higher education. We have a moderate to low risk appetite. Please suggest some good fund names that I can choose from.
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Position
You've done an excellent job of building a diversified portfolio. With savings in SBI Magnum LTEF, Provident Fund, NPS, NSC, and a substantial emergency fund, your foundation is strong. Your life insurance cover of Rs 2 crore also ensures financial security for your family. Monthly expenses of Rs 25K indicate a manageable lifestyle with room for significant savings.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals
You have two main financial goals:

Creating a Rs 2 crore retirement corpus in the next 10 years.
Saving Rs 50 lakhs for your son's higher education.
Given your moderate to low risk appetite, your investment strategy should focus on balancing growth and safety.

Retirement Corpus Planning
To accumulate Rs 2 crore in 10 years, you need a strategic and disciplined approach. Your current investments are a good start, but you will need to increase your monthly savings and choose investments wisely to reach this target. The power of compounding will work in your favor if you start early and remain consistent.

Higher Education Fund
Planning for Rs 50 lakhs for your son's education is a significant goal. Given the time horizon and your risk appetite, starting early with systematic investments in diversified funds will help you reach this target comfortably.

Investment Strategy
Actively Managed Funds Over Index Funds
Actively managed funds are managed by professional fund managers aiming to outperform the market. Though they have higher fees compared to index funds, the potential for higher returns can make a significant difference in achieving long-term goals like retirement and education. Fund managers adjust the portfolio based on market conditions, aiming to maximise returns and manage risks effectively.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
While direct funds might seem attractive due to lower expense ratios, investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers significant advantages. A CFP provides expert advice, helping you choose the right funds, diversify your portfolio, and make necessary adjustments over time. This professional guidance often leads to better investment outcomes compared to navigating direct funds on your own.

Monthly Savings Requirement
To reach Rs 2 crore for retirement and Rs 50 lakhs for education, you need to determine how much to save monthly. Let's consider a hypothetical scenario where you aim for a moderate return. Typically, achieving such goals might require substantial monthly savings, compounded by annual returns. A CFP can help you calculate the exact amount needed based on your current portfolio and expected returns.

Risk Management
Your moderate to low risk appetite suggests a cautious investment approach. Investing in a mix of diversified equity funds, balanced funds, and debt funds can help balance risk and return. This approach protects your capital while aiming for steady growth. High-risk investments might not suit your profile and can be avoided to ensure capital preservation.

Importance of Regular Review
Regularly reviewing and adjusting your portfolio is crucial. Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time. Regular check-ins with your CFP ensure your investments stay aligned with your goals and risk tolerance. Adjustments may be needed to respond to market fluctuations or changes in your financial situation.

Conclusion
Your financial journey so far is commendable. With disciplined savings, a strategic investment approach, and professional guidance, you can achieve your retirement and education goals. Focus on consistent savings, leverage actively managed funds, and seek advice from a CFP for the best outcomes. By doing so, you ensure that your financial future remains secure and well-planned.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |2787 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 19, 2024Hindi
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I am 39years old. I current have 5cr of savings split across equity mutual funds (2.5cr), liquid debt mutual funds (0.5cr), high yield bonds (0.5cr), direct stocks (0.9cr), ppf (9lakhs) and land (0.55cr). I also own a house with no loans, which is worth 1.3-1.4cr and gives a rent of 30k. I invest 4lakhs a month in SIPs, and 40-50lakhs pa as lumpsum from my bonus. My monthly expenses are approx 2lakhs and I want to retire by 45. I have a new born - so her education and marriage expenses would be the other major expenses for me down the road. What would be the quantum I require to retire by 45 and how can I bridge the gap if any?
Ans: Commendable Financial Discipline
Your disciplined approach to savings and investments is commendable. With diversified holdings and significant monthly SIP contributions, you are on a strong financial path.

Current Financial Status
You have a diverse portfolio with equity mutual funds, liquid debt mutual funds, high yield bonds, direct stocks, PPF, and land. Your house, which is free of loans, adds to your financial stability.

Estimating Retirement Corpus
To retire by 45, with monthly expenses of ?2 lakhs, you'll need a substantial retirement corpus. Considering inflation and longevity, aiming for a corpus that can sustain your lifestyle for at least 40 years is essential.

Inflation Adjustment
Assuming an average inflation rate of 6%, your current expenses will increase significantly over time. Planning for these inflated expenses is crucial to maintain your lifestyle post-retirement.

Education and Marriage Expenses
Your new-born child's future education and marriage will be significant expenses. Setting aside a portion of your investments specifically for these goals can ensure financial readiness.

Assessing Investment Allocation
Your current allocation includes a good mix of equity, debt, and direct stocks. Equity mutual funds (?2.5cr) and direct stocks (?0.9cr) form a substantial part of your portfolio, providing growth potential. Liquid debt mutual funds and high yield bonds offer stability and income.

Increasing SIP Contributions
You are investing ?4 lakhs a month in SIPs, which is excellent. Consider increasing SIP contributions gradually to leverage the power of compounding, especially in high-performing actively managed funds.

Lumpsum Investments from Bonus
Investing ?40-50 lakhs annually as a lumpsum from your bonus boosts your portfolio. Ensure these investments are directed towards high-growth potential funds for maximum benefit.

Avoiding Direct Funds Pitfalls
Direct funds require active management and a high level of market knowledge. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials ensures professional management and better decision-making.

Regular Portfolio Review
Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio is essential. This ensures your investments align with your retirement goals and adjust to market conditions. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) will help optimize your strategy.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds offer the advantage of professional management. They can adapt to market changes, potentially providing better returns than index funds. This strategic approach can enhance your portfolio’s growth.

Estimating Retirement Corpus
A general rule is to have at least 25-30 times your annual expenses saved. For ?2 lakhs monthly expenses, this translates to a significant corpus. Factoring in inflation, this corpus should be reassessed regularly.

Bridging the Gap
If there is a gap between your current savings and the required retirement corpus, consider increasing your investment contributions. This can be done by reallocating funds or increasing monthly SIPs.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund covering 6-12 months of expenses is crucial. This ensures financial security and prevents the need to dip into retirement savings during emergencies.

Long-Term Strategy
Your long-term investment horizon aligns well with your goals. Staying invested in high-growth potential funds and increasing contributions will help bridge any gaps and ensure a comfortable retirement.

Conclusion: A Balanced Approach
Your disciplined investment strategy is commendable. To optimize your portfolio, consider increasing SIP contributions, regularly reviewing your portfolio, and consulting with a CFP. This balanced approach will help you achieve financial growth and secure your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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