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Komal Jethmalani

Dietician, Diabetes Expert 

312 Answers | 49 Followers

Komal Jethmalani is a practising dietician and nutritionist with over 26 years of experience.
She specialises in weight loss and diabetes management.
Jethmalani has completed her MSc in food and nutrition from SNDT University and trained at Jaslok Hospital.
She is a NDEP-certified diabetes educator.... more

Answered on Mar 17, 2024

Can you tell us the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 duabetes? What are the variants of Type 2? How to check the production uf insulin by pancreas? What is Insulin Resistance? Why pancreas is not able to produce the required insulin after to digest and convert Carbs into Glucose? Is the pancreas is not receiving the right chemicals to produce insulin it the unit inside the pancreas is dead an can not produce insulin? Is there any reseach papers on the functioning of Pancreas. Controlling carbs is based on tge assumption that tge cells gave vecome ibsulin resitant ot the requird insulin is not being produced.
Ans: Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body doesn’t make any insulin. It always requires insulin and often diagnosed as young as 4 to 6 years old. Type 2 Diabetes is an hormonal condition common in adults. The body produces insulin initially, but cells don’t respond to it properly. Type 2 diabetes has common genetic variants identified through GWAS studies, as well as rare variants with varying effects, but much of the heritability remains unexplained. Insulin resistance occurs when cells in the body become less responsive to the effects of insulin, leading to elevated blood sugar levels. In conditions like insulin resistance or Type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin, leading to elevated blood sugar levels. Controlling carbohydrate intake is usually done as the pancreatic cells have become insulin resistant or that the required insulin is not being produced. There are many peer reviewed and scholarly research articles available at databases like google scholar.

Answered on Feb 04, 2024

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