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Sanjeev Govila  |458 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 06, 2024

Colonel Sanjeev Govila (retd) is the founder of Hum Fauji Initiatives, a financial planning company dedicated to the armed forces personnel and their families.
He has over 12 years of experience in financial planning and is a SEBI certified registered investment advisor; he is also accredited with AMFI and IRDA.... more
Bhaiya Question by Bhaiya on May 13, 2023Hindi

Hello Hardik Bhai I am at 54 years in MNC. My monthly take home ~ ₹1.4 lacs + I have 2 flats that fetch rental income of ₹ ~ 50000/-. PF accumulation is around 60 lacs. Have home emi of 61000/- monthly and I am in a government flat (my wife government employee she has another 7 years of service). Make all effort to ensure that her salary is not touched.. have a daughter at 22 years. Based on her academic appetite and success have earmarked ~50 lacs for her higher education. Have investment in equity 15 lacs worth and gold around 50 lacs. Assuming I retire in another 6-7 years, how much I should ensure monthly income to maintain a present standard of of life without dependency. Your views on mutual fund etc. will be appreciated.. Thanks

Ans: Considering your profile and aspirations, here's a strategic overview:-

1. Current Income and Assets:
Monthly take-home: ?1.4 lacs
Rental income: ?50,000/-
PF accumulation: ?60 lacs
Equity investment: ?15 lacs
Gold holdings: ?50 lacs
2. Liabilities:- Home EMI: ?61,000/-
3. Future Goals and Commitments:- Daughter's higher education fund: ?50 lacs
4. Retirement Plans:- Target retirement in 6-7 years

Considering your retirement goal, let's outline a strategic approach:-

Monthly Income Requirement:- Assess your current monthly expenses and lifestyle to determine the income needed to maintain your standard of living. Factor in inflation for accurate projections.

Investment Diversification:- Given your time horizon, consider a balanced portfolio across mutual funds, including equity and debt. Diversification helps manage risk.

PF Utilization:- Evaluate the possibility of utilizing PF wisely for retirement income. Understand withdrawal rules and tax implications.

Real Estate Planning:- Given your rental income and property assets, review their potential for contributing to your retirement income.

Daughter's Education Fund:- Ensure your earmarked amount aligns with the expected cost of her education. Consider investment options with a medium-term horizon.

Risk Management:- Review your insurance coverage, including health and life insurance, to safeguard against unforeseen circumstances.

Financial Planner Consultation:- Engage with a certified financial advisor to create a detailed retirement plan. They can tailor strategies based on your unique situation and goals.

It's essential to periodically review and adjust your plan based on evolving circumstances. Connect with your financial planner for goal-based planning and a detailed explanation tailored to your unique situation.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 30, 2024

My age is 47 years and retirement will be at 58th age. I have 2 daughters one at college and second is school level studying. My current monthly minimum required expenses is Rs.30000/-. Currently my investment in EPF is Rs.25 L, Mutual fund Rs.10 L, Leave encashment balance is Rs.6 L, Gratuity Rs.5 L approx., FDs Rs.3 L, life Insurance saving Rs.2 L. My question is apart from above additionally how much should I invest per month to keep my current lifestyle aftery retirement. I am residing at my own home but though building is strong age has reached 30 years old.
Ans: Considering your current expenses, age, and retirement goals, it's essential to plan your investments carefully to maintain your lifestyle post-retirement. Here's a rough estimate to help you determine how much you should invest monthly:

Calculate your post-retirement expenses: Estimate your expenses after retirement, factoring in inflation, healthcare costs, and any additional expenses you may incur.
Determine your retirement corpus: Based on your post-retirement expenses and expected lifespan, calculate the corpus you'll need to support yourself and your family during retirement.
Assess your existing investments: Take stock of your current investments and determine how much they are likely to grow by the time you retire. Consider consulting a financial planner for a detailed analysis.
Calculate the shortfall: After considering your existing investments, calculate how much additional corpus you need to accumulate by the time you retire.
Determine monthly investment required: Based on the shortfall and the number of years until your retirement, calculate the monthly investment required to bridge the gap and achieve your retirement corpus goal.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 05, 2024Hindi
Hello, I am 34 earning 3 lacs per month. I have been investing in Mutual funds from past 7 years and from pass 3 years I have reached and investing 1.6 lacs per month in Mutual funds. In next 10 years I want to have an automatic income of about 3 lacs per month. Can you advise how is it possible. I am investing in Mirae emerging asset, DSP, axis long term quity, parag pariek flexi cap, HDFC mic cap, HDFC Top 100, Nippon, SBi (small cap) Please advise the mutual fund I should invest and the amount to get an income of 3 lacs per month in next 7-10 years Also, i have bought a house for 1.5 cr. Have paid about 25 lacs from my investments already. Planning to pay about 70% as down payment in the next 3-4 years and 30 % loan. Is that a wise decision. Please advise
Ans: It's impressive to see your commitment to investing and your ambitious goal of generating a passive income of 3 lakhs per month in the next decade. With your current investment capacity and timeframe, achieving this target is feasible, but it requires careful planning and strategic allocation of your resources.

Given your investment horizon, you might consider a combination of growth-oriented and income-oriented mutual funds. Growth-oriented funds can provide capital appreciation over time, while income-oriented funds can generate regular dividends or interest payments.

To meet your income goal, you'll need to accumulate a significant corpus that can generate a sustainable monthly income. Based on your current investments and savings rate, you may need to increase your monthly investment amount and consider higher-returning investment avenues.

Regarding your mutual fund portfolio, it's essential to ensure diversification and align your investments with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to tailor your portfolio to meet your income objectives while managing risk effectively.

Regarding your property investment, using a combination of your savings and a home loan for the down payment seems like a prudent approach, as it reduces your debt burden while leveraging your existing assets. However, assess your cash flow and future income prospects to ensure you can comfortably manage the loan obligations.

Overall, achieving your financial goals requires a holistic approach, considering both investment strategies and asset allocation. Stay focused on your long-term objectives, and seek professional guidance to optimize your investment plan and real estate decisions. With discipline and careful planning, you can work towards building a robust financial future.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi
Im 42 years old and wife 40 years, my net salary income in hand 5.5 lacs/month + perquisite benefits (car+driver+fuel+others). Additional variable income around 10-15 lacs/year. Current equity (shares+mf) holding value is around 9.5 Cr and dividend income around 6 to 8 lacs/year. We have 2 daughters with 10 years and 1 year. We will need elder daughter higher eduction around 5cr (after 2030) and for younger daughter higher education expense expecting 10 cr (after 2038). I want to retire by age 55 years. I have additional saving in PF+NPS+SGB+SSY is around 1.2 cr. I have 2 flats (total market value 2.5 cr), with total home loan liability 70 lacs and rent inome from another flat is 50,000 per month. My retirement goal with saving of around 15 cr + separate daughters higher education expenses + medical & marriage expense around 5cr. Pls advise, how much saving need to be done per month/year and where to invest next 13 years to acheive above goals.
Ans: It's impressive that you have set clear financial goals for your retirement and your daughters' education. With a structured approach and the right investments, you can achieve your goals. Let's analyze your current financial situation and create a plan to reach your targets.

Current Financial Situation

Net Salary: Rs 5.5 lakhs/month
Perquisite Benefits: Car, driver, fuel, etc.
Variable Income: Rs 10-15 lakhs/year

Equity (Shares + Mutual Funds): Rs 9.5 crores
Dividend Income: Rs 6-8 lakhs/year
PF + NPS + SGB + SSY: Rs 1.2 crores
Two Flats: Market value Rs 2.5 crores, Home loan liability Rs 70 lakhs, Rent income Rs 50,000/month

Retirement at age 55 with Rs 15 crores
Elder Daughter's Higher Education: Rs 5 crores (by 2030)
Younger Daughter's Higher Education: Rs 10 crores (by 2038)
Medical and Marriage Expenses: Rs 5 crores
Analyzing Financial Goals
Retirement Corpus
You aim to retire at 55 with a retirement corpus of Rs 15 crores. This should provide a comfortable lifestyle post-retirement.

Education Funds
Elder Daughter: Rs 5 crores by 2030
Younger Daughter: Rs 10 crores by 2038
These amounts need to be accumulated separately to avoid dipping into your retirement corpus.

Medical and Marriage Expenses
You plan to set aside Rs 5 crores for medical and marriage expenses. This should be part of your overall financial planning.

Monthly/Yearly Savings Needed
To achieve these goals, you need to save and invest strategically over the next 13 years. Here's a plan to help you stay on track:

Step-by-Step Plan
Increase Equity Investments:

Equity investments offer high returns over the long term.
Continue investing in diversified equity mutual funds.
Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

SIPs in equity mutual funds are an effective way to build wealth over time.
Increase your SIP contributions as your income grows.
Debt Investments for Stability:

Balance your portfolio with debt investments.
Invest in Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), and Debt Mutual Funds.
Review and Adjust:

Regularly review your investments.
Adjust your portfolio based on market conditions and life changes.
Investment Strategies
Equity Mutual Funds
Diversification: Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.
Professional Management: Fund managers make informed decisions based on market analysis.
Potential for High Returns: Equities tend to outperform other asset classes over the long term.
Debt Mutual Funds
Stability: Less volatile compared to equity funds.
Regular Income: Can provide regular income through interest payments.
Diversification: Adds stability to your overall portfolio.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Tax Benefits: Contributions are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.
Safe Investment: Government-backed, risk-free investment.
Compounding Benefits: Interest earned is compounded annually.
National Pension System (NPS)
Tax Benefits: Additional deduction under Section 80CCD(1B) up to Rs 50,000.
Retirement Corpus: Helps build a substantial retirement corpus.
Investment Options: Choose between equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.
Power of Compounding
Start Early: The earlier you start, the more you benefit from compounding.
Stay Invested: Avoid premature withdrawals to maximize compounding benefits.
Reinvest Earnings: Reinvest dividends and interest to enhance growth.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Higher Returns: Potential to outperform index funds through active management.
Expert Management: Fund managers make strategic decisions to maximize returns.
Flexibility: Ability to adjust the portfolio based on market conditions.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Time-Consuming: Requires significant time and effort to manage.
Lack of Expertise: Individual investors may not have the necessary expertise.
Higher Risk: Direct investments carry higher risk due to lack of diversification and professional management.
Regular Reviews and Rebalancing
Periodic Reviews: Regularly review your portfolio to ensure alignment with goals.
Rebalancing: Adjust your asset allocation based on market conditions and life changes.
Stay Informed: Keep abreast of market trends and economic conditions.
Emergency Fund
Maintain Liquidity: Ensure you have sufficient liquid assets for emergencies.
Safety Net: An emergency fund provides a financial cushion during unforeseen events.
Review Periodically: Assess your emergency fund needs periodically and adjust as necessary.
Health and Life Insurance
Health Insurance: Ensure adequate coverage for medical emergencies.
Life Insurance: Consider term insurance for financial protection of your family.
Review Coverage: Periodically review your insurance coverage to ensure it meets your needs.
Final Insights
Your current financial situation is robust, and you are on the right path to achieving your goals. Here are some final insights:

Increase SIP Contributions: Increase your SIP contributions to build a larger corpus.
Tax Planning: Utilize all available tax-saving options to reduce your tax liability.
Regular Reviews: Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed.
Professional Guidance: Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and to fine-tune your financial strategy.
By following this plan, you can achieve your retirement goals, ensure your daughters' education expenses are covered, and have a secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 08, 2024

Hello sir, I am 57 years old and working as a marketing consultant for some foreign companies. I have a child who is just 13 years old. I am planning to work for another 10 years since this is an independent assignment and I get paid for my consultancy work in India. I earn almost 30 lakh per annum. I have a corpus of about 1.55 cr in Mutual funds, PPF of 4 Lakhs, and insurance of 10 lakh which has grown into 15 lakh in 3 years, investments in stocks worth 30 lakhs but now valued at 45 lakhs, one flat given on rent which fetches 7500 per month and another flat in my own name. Term insurance worth 1.6Cr, Heatlth insurance worth 22 Lakhs. No liabilities whatsoever. I need to get a monthly retirement amount of 3 Lakhs per month from 67 years onwards. I have an SIP of about 80,000 per month. Can you pl advice whether these investments is sufficient enough to generate an income of a min 3 lakhs per month after retirement? Thank you so much.
Ans: You’ve done a commendable job managing your finances. Let’s break down your current financial situation and assess if it aligns with your retirement goal of Rs. 3 lakh per month.

Current Financial Position
Income and Investments:

Annual Income: Rs. 30 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs. 1.55 crore
PPF: Rs. 4 lakh
Insurance (grown to): Rs. 15 lakh
Stocks: Rs. 45 lakh
Rental Income: Rs. 7,500 per month
Term Insurance: Rs. 1.6 crore
Health Insurance: Rs. 22 lakh
SIP: Rs. 80,000 per month
You have substantial investments and a solid income stream. Let's evaluate if this will be sufficient for your retirement needs.

Assessing Your Retirement Needs
You plan to retire at 67 and need Rs. 3 lakh per month. Let’s look at some key aspects:

Corpus Requirement:

To generate Rs. 3 lakh monthly, you need a substantial corpus. Assuming a safe withdrawal rate of 4%, you'll need around Rs. 9 crore. This estimate ensures you don’t outlive your savings.

Current Investments:

Mutual Funds (Rs. 1.55 crore): These are growth-oriented. Over 10 years, they can grow significantly with compounding.

Stocks (Rs. 45 lakh): Equities can provide high returns but come with risk. Over time, these can grow well.

PPF (Rs. 4 lakh): This is safe and gives steady returns but isn't enough alone.

Insurance (Rs. 15 lakh): This is a backup but not an investment vehicle.

Monthly SIPs:

Rs. 80,000 per month is great. Over 10 years, this can accumulate to a significant amount.

Rental Income:

Rs. 7,500 per month is a steady but small addition. Real estate generally appreciates, adding to your asset base.

Mutual Funds: The Power of Compounding
Mutual funds are your best bet for long-term growth. Here's why:

Diversification: Mutual funds spread your investment across different assets, reducing risk.

Professional Management: Managed by experts, they can adjust to market conditions.

Compounding: The longer you stay invested, the more your money grows exponentially.

Liquidity: You can redeem funds easily, unlike some other investments.

Tax Efficiency: Equity mutual funds held for over a year attract lower capital gains tax.

Types of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks, high returns, high risk. Suitable for long-term.

Debt Funds: Invest in bonds, stable returns, lower risk. Good for short to medium-term.

Balanced Funds: Mix of equity and debt, moderate risk. Ideal for balanced growth.

ELSS: Tax-saving funds with a 3-year lock-in. Benefit from tax deductions.

Planning Your Retirement Corpus
Projected Growth
Your current mutual funds (Rs. 1.55 crore) and SIPs (Rs. 80,000 monthly) can grow significantly. Assuming a conservative 10% annual return:

Current Corpus:

Rs. 1.55 crore growing at 10% per year for 10 years can become approximately Rs. 4 crore.
SIP Growth:

Rs. 80,000 monthly over 10 years at 10% can accumulate around Rs. 1.5 crore.
Combined, your mutual fund investments alone could reach around Rs. 5.5 crore.

Stocks and PPF
Stocks (Rs. 45 lakh):

If they grow at 10%, they could reach around Rs. 1.2 crore in 10 years.
PPF (Rs. 4 lakh):

Assuming 7% annual return, it can grow to around Rs. 8 lakh in 10 years.
Rental Income
Your rental property can provide steady income. Assuming rents increase, it can contribute more over time. If reinvested wisely, it adds to your corpus.

Insurance and Health Coverage
Term Insurance: Rs. 1.6 crore ensures your family’s financial security.

Health Insurance: Rs. 22 lakh covers medical emergencies, preventing depletion of your savings.

Strategies to Ensure a Comfortable Retirement
Increase SIPs: If possible, increase your SIP amount annually. This accelerates corpus growth.

Diversify: Maintain a balanced portfolio with a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds.

Monitor and Rebalance: Regularly review your portfolio. Rebalance to maintain desired asset allocation.

Stay Invested: Avoid withdrawing investments unless necessary. Let compounding work.

Tax Planning: Utilize tax-efficient investment options like ELSS.

Final Insights
Given your current investments and income, you're on a good path. However, aiming for Rs. 3 lakh per month requires diligent planning. Increasing SIPs and ensuring a balanced portfolio will help achieve your goal.

Keep track of your investments and adjust as needed. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can provide tailored advice to maximize your returns and ensure financial security.

You’ve done a great job so far. With continued careful planning and investment, you’re well on your way to achieving your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
Dear Sir, My age is 42, my current savings are 1) FD: 70 lakhs 2) MF: 5 lakhs 3) Equity: 10 lakhs 4) EPF: 80 lakhs 5) PPF: 20 lakhs(another 5 years to mature . 1.5 lacs per year is investment amount) I am planning to retire by 58. I need a monthly retirement amount of 2 lakhs per month. I don't have any loans at the moment. I have two kids studying in 8th and 4th. Please let me know if the current investment is sufficient enough to generate this income. Thank you sir.
Ans: Firstly, I must commend you for your diligent saving and planning. You have built a solid financial foundation with significant investments in Fixed Deposits (FD), Mutual Funds (MF), Equity, Employee Provident Fund (EPF), and Public Provident Fund (PPF). Your financial discipline is truly admirable.

Evaluating Your Current Investments
Let's evaluate your current investments:

FD: Rs 70 lakhs
MF: Rs 5 lakhs
Equity: Rs 10 lakhs
EPF: Rs 80 lakhs
PPF: Rs 20 lakhs, with Rs 1.5 lakhs per year investment for the next five years
You have a total of Rs 185 lakhs (Rs 1.85 crores) in savings and investments.

Retirement Goals and Planning
You aim to retire by 58, which gives you 16 more years to save and invest. Your goal is to have a monthly retirement income of Rs 2 lakhs. To achieve this, a well-planned investment strategy is crucial.

Assessing the Required Retirement Corpus
Given your goal of Rs 2 lakhs per month, your annual requirement will be Rs 24 lakhs. Considering a retirement period of 25-30 years, you need a substantial retirement corpus to ensure a comfortable life.

Investment Strategies to Achieve Your Retirement Goals
Diversification and Asset Allocation
Equity Investments:

Equities offer high returns over the long term, essential for building a large corpus. Consider increasing your equity exposure. Actively managed funds with a track record of strong performance can be a good choice. Avoid index funds due to their average performance in fluctuating markets.

Mutual Funds:

Increase your investments in mutual funds. Choose diversified mutual funds with a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Actively managed funds can outperform the market, offering higher returns than passive index funds.

Debt Investments:

Maintain a balance with debt investments for stability and regular income. Your FDs and PPF fall into this category. Consider debt mutual funds for potentially higher returns than traditional FDs.

EPF and PPF:

Continue your contributions to EPF and PPF. These provide a stable and tax-efficient return. The EPF offers a good interest rate and tax benefits, making it a valuable part of your retirement planning.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Regular Investments:

Start a SIP in mutual funds to benefit from rupee cost averaging and the power of compounding. Regular investments, even in small amounts, can grow significantly over time.

Review and Adjust:

Regularly review your SIP portfolio and adjust based on performance and changing financial goals. Working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help optimize your SIP strategy.

Risk Management and Insurance
Health Insurance:

Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage for your family. Medical emergencies can deplete your savings if not adequately insured.

Life Insurance:

Consider term life insurance to cover financial risks. It provides a high coverage amount at a lower premium, ensuring your family's financial security in case of unforeseen events.

Children's Education Planning
Education Fund:

Start an education fund for your children. Invest in child-specific mutual funds or a mix of equity and debt funds. This ensures you have sufficient funds when they pursue higher education.

Systematic Withdrawals:

Plan for systematic withdrawals from your education fund as required. This avoids sudden large expenses disrupting your financial plans.

Maximizing Tax Efficiency
Tax-efficient Investments:

Utilize tax-efficient investments like PPF, EPF, and ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) mutual funds. These offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Tax Planning:

Regularly review and adjust your investments to maximize tax efficiency. Consult a CFP for personalized tax planning strategies.

Regular Financial Review
Annual Review:

Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess the performance of your investments, adjust for market changes, and ensure alignment with your goals.

Professional Guidance:

Work with a CFP for regular financial reviews and adjustments. Their expertise can help navigate market complexities and optimize your financial strategy.

Saving and Investing for Retirement
Building a Retirement Corpus
Target Corpus:

Based on your goal of Rs 2 lakhs per month, calculate the target retirement corpus. Considering inflation and a retirement period of 25-30 years, a substantial corpus is needed.

Investment Growth:

Invest in a mix of equity, debt, and mutual funds to grow your corpus. Equities offer high returns, while debt investments provide stability.

Withdrawal Strategy
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP):

Use an SWP in mutual funds to generate regular income during retirement. This allows for periodic withdrawals while keeping the principal invested.

Bucket Strategy:

Divide your retirement corpus into different buckets based on time horizons. Short-term needs are met with liquid funds, while long-term needs are invested in equities and debt.

Future-Proofing Your Finances
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund covering at least six months of expenses. This provides a safety net for unexpected financial challenges.

Inflation Protection:

Invest in assets that protect against inflation. Equities and inflation-indexed bonds can help maintain purchasing power over time.

Health and Longevity:

Plan for healthcare costs and longer life expectancy. Adequate health insurance and a well-funded retirement plan are crucial.

You have done an excellent job of saving and planning for your future. Your disciplined approach to managing finances is commendable. With a few adjustments and a well-planned investment strategy, you can achieve your retirement goals and secure a comfortable future for your family.

Final Insights
Financial planning for retirement requires a comprehensive approach. By diversifying investments, increasing equity exposure, and optimizing tax efficiency, you can build a substantial retirement corpus. Regular reviews and professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner will ensure you stay on track. Your commitment to saving and investing will pay off, providing financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions
Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |2230 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 20, 2024Hindi
Sir, i have completed my bachelors (BCA) in India in an engineering college and wishes to pursue my masters in a foreign country.My family is'nt well off so iam looking into schlorships.can you suggest some courses with good scope. Also which countries are best for IT field that provide great schlorship oppurtunities.
Ans: As far as Scholarships for Abroad Universities are concerned, you should have good scores from the entrance tests (whichever will be applicable according to the University's admission criteria), good past academic records, your extra and co-curricular activities, additional certifications, your Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letter of Recommendation etc. Those who have gained work experience of a minimum 2-3 years after graduation get preference in admission.

And most of the Universities do not provide 100% scholarships. You will have to bear some expenses (depends upon which University / College you get admission into & what all expenses only it will cover?) .

As you have mentioned that your parents NOT well-off financially, it is suggested to work for 2-3 years, earn some money and also gain work experience, then go for further education abroad.

Before approaching any Professional Abroad Education Consultant, do a thorough research about the Countries/Universities/Programs, shortlist those which you think will be most suitable, apply to 5-6 top Univerities offering Scholarships and finalize one best University/College for you.

All the BEST for Your Bright Future.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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