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Mihir

Mihir Tanna  |880 Answers  |Ask -

Tax Expert - Answered on May 08, 2024

Mihir Ashok Tanna, who works with a well-known chartered accountancy firm in Mumbai, has more than 15 years of experience in direct taxation.
He handles various kinds of matters related to direct tax such as PAN/ TAN application; compliance including ITR, TDS return filing; issuance/ filing of statutory forms like Form 15CB, Form 61A, etc; application u/s 10(46); application for condonation of delay; application for lower/ nil TDS certificate; transfer pricing and study report; advisory/ opinion on direct tax matters; handling various income-tax notices; compounding application on show cause for TDS default; verification of books for TDS/ TCS/ equalisation levy compliance; application for pending income-tax demand and refund; charitable trust taxation and compliance; income-tax scrutiny and CIT(A) for all types of taxpayers including individuals, firms, LLPs, corporates, trusts, non-resident individuals and companies.
He regularly represents clients before the income tax authorities including the commissioner of income tax (appeal).... more
Raja Question by Raja on Jan 11, 2024Hindi
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Sir I am Government Servant. My income falls under the IT ceiling and I am paying income tax for last 20 years through my employer as TDS. Recently I received a mail from IT Department regarding outstanding Tax demand for FY 2011-12. On verification of Form26AS downloaded from TRACES, it is observed that my TDS amount is Nil whereas my Form16 clearly show that the TDS amount has been debited from Salary. The consultant who deals with the filing of return advise that I have to pay the demand. Because if he proceed for data correction in 2011-12, the employer will be in problem as there will be several corrections. I cant understand his stand. This is not only my problem. I came to understand that several other employees received similar demands for the periods 2008 to 2012. Please advise

Ans: You can file application with jurisdiction officer along with copy of ITR and Form 16.

If it is not possible for you to file application with officer, you can file grievance at income tax portal stating the fact that TDS is deducted and you have form 16. They will contact employer (TDS deductor) and once deductor file correction statement with correct PAN, amount of your income and TDS (along with applicable taxes); you will get the credit of TDS. However, employer will be liable for pay interest and penalty, if any.

If response is not received, you can send mail to taxdemand at the rate cpc.incometax.gov.in along with supporting documents.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Mihir

Mihir Tanna  |880 Answers  |Ask -

Tax Expert - Answered on Sep 29, 2022

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Dear Mr Tanna, Before soliciting your sincere opinion I must first congratulate and compliment you for the benevolent job being done to alleviate the problems being faced by the solo taxpayers from the pounce of the IT Office. I would request you to go through my problem which is very much exhaustive and moreover disheartening for the busy people like you. I am a retd employee from LIC in the FY 2020/21. In FY 2021/22 I had received arrears of salary along with commutation of pension and leave encashment. The employer while finalizing the IT for 2021/22 had deducted IT giving the exemption for comm pension, 80CC and 80D without the benefit under sec 89. While filing IT I could see the effect of AIS. Without any further deduction except under 80 TTB, I tried to confirm the Total Taxable Income as per 26AS/AIS. The self-assessed tax was to be paid on three dates because of the ATM limit etc. The last payment which was on 28th July, could not be successful and was debited on 29th as a result I could not add the CIN No etc., on the Add box of tax payment. Since the total amount of tax was paid before the last date i.e 31st I did submit a short paid ITR presuming it would be taken care of. On 1st Aug I received a message under sec 143 with a demand due for 4660/. The e-file status was showing the ITR is under process with O/S demand Nil (four Green tick was displayed). Till Aug 30th when I found the ITR is not accepted despite the grievances as cited above, again I paid the balance amount going thru the demand due option, there also I faced the same problem from bank. The amount could be debited on 31St Aug. I did pay the amount thinking the ITR and tax deposit are different Module. Moreover after filing ITR I made a query with the ITO regarding exemption of Transfer grant which should have been allowed at source. They denied it under pretext that no further exemption after filling. In order to see the last payment due appear under SAT head I had submitted a grievance which was not seen till I spoke to the help desk. One reply came with so many tags to file revised IT under section 131 (5). While I visited for re-file, I could see the interest amount along with an increased taxable income thus returned back. Now my questions are: 1. How the taxable income would vary when a letter under 143 is issued with a demand? 2. If I am to re-submit the ITR under Sec 131 (5) can I restrict the taxable income to the earlier one? 3. Can they alter the taxable income when Sec 143 is invoked? 4. Finally, should I conform to the query or wait till they make their earlier demand set right. Sir I had filled it by myself without the help of a professional. Your opinion would be mostly an antidote against the IT virus that has made me upset. Eagerly awaiting your reply.
Ans: Thank you so much for your compliment. Looking at your facts, I wish you could have got professional advice on 1st August itself. My views on your queries are as follows:

  1. I understand you are using online feature of filing Income Tax Return at www.incometax.gov.in wherein data is prefilled based on information reported by different persons (like employer for salary, bank for interest income, company for dividend income, TDS deductor for TDS deducted and amount of income credited, etc.). In your case, it might be possible that reportable entity has revised its data for reporting to income tax department and accordingly amount appearing in intimation issued u/s 143(1) differs from amount auto populated while filing income tax return u/s 139(5) of Income Tax Act using online feature.
  1. It is not advisable to restrict auto populated income unless income auto populated at e-filing portal is incorrect. Check AIS for income auto populated at e-filing portal. If income appearing in AIS is incorrect, you can file feedback for AIS and offer actual income to tax while filing return u/s 139(5) of the act which allow tax payer to revise return by rectifying mistakes.
  1. Yes, income tax provides updated figure at portal even if intimation is issued u/s 143(1) of the Act, as revised figures is provided by the payer of income or person authorised as reportable entity.  
  1. I understand you are talking about self-assessment tax paid by you and not auto populated in relevant schedule of ITR. Reason for the same can be wrong selection of year or code while making payment or while uploading challan details by the bank. Please check 26AS for self-assessment tax paid, if the same is not appearing in 26AS of AY 2022-23, you have to discuss said issue with Jurisdictional officer.

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Mihir

Mihir Tanna  |880 Answers  |Ask -

Tax Expert - Answered on Oct 20, 2022

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Please provide correct advice in the following situation. We filed ROI for AY 2019-20 on 30-10-2019 and paid a tax amount of Rs 1,20,03,465/- under section 115JB. Above return was processed u/s 143 (1) by intimation dated 19-05-2020. The Company has deposited Advance tax of Rs. 40, 00,000/- and ITR -6 for AY 2019-20 was filed under Section 139 on 30-10-2019 to obviate any violation in Tax compliance including the TDS claim of Rs. 87,29,484/-. In the Intimation order the assessing officer had accepted the income and other claims of the Appellant but had demanded Rs 97,85,148/- as balance tax and interest. During the Assessment Year relevant to Previous Year 2018-19, the land under the ownership of the Assessee has been taken over by the Government for Guruvayur Dewaswam (GD). LA compensation of Rs.38565360/- (on 5- 2-2018), Rs.4,00,00,000/- (on 4-2-2019), and Rs.48,28,009/- on19-11-2020 were paid to the Petitioner Company. Deductor, GD did not deposit the TDS to government in relevant years, this resulted in the demand of Rs. 97,85,148/- on Company towards balance tax and interest in the intimation u/s 143 (1) dated 19-05-2020. GD deposited Rs.95,02,088 /- towards TDS and Rs.21, 25,421 /-towards TDS and interest on 30-1-2021 and filed TDS return for the Assessment Year 2021-22. (not AY 2019-20). Deductor is delaying filing revised TDS return in spite of many requests even by Income tax authorities. Can the Income tax department seek to recover Income tax with fine from Company for AY 2019-20, on mere fact that Petitioner could not account for deposit of such tax (TDS) (Rs.87,29,484/-, only because the deductor, after paying the compensation to Petitioner in relevant year, did not deposit TDS to government revenue? Should the assessee suffer for the fault of the deductor? We understand There is a bar under Section 205 and circular of CBDT in this matter.
Ans: If TDS is deducted and there was delay in depositing TDS, said TDS amount cannot be recovered from deductee. There are some judicial pronouncements for the same which provides relief to taxpayer (deductee). But in given case, I understand that it is not case of delay but amount credited in different year.

In such a case, you can request to jurisdictional officer to provide credit of TDS in the year in which income is offered to tax though TDS is appearing in 26AS of subsequent year and it can be subject to litigation.

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
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Dear Sir, My daughter aged 32 have invested in ICICI India opportunities via SIP(5k) for last 4 years and Mirae tax saver saver funds. She is looking for more funds in her portfolio. Her horizon is 5-7 yrs. Kindly suggest few funds for her. Thank you. Her horizon is at least 5-7 years
Ans: Your daughter is 32 years old and has already made some sound investments. Given her 5-7 year investment horizon, we can diversify her portfolio further to maximize growth while managing risk.

Current Investments

ICICI India Opportunities via SIP (Rs 5,000 for the last 4 years)
Mirae Tax Saver Fund
Additional Fund Recommendations

1. Large Cap Funds

Large-cap funds invest in well-established companies with a strong market presence. These funds offer stability and steady returns over the long term.

2. Mid Cap Funds

Mid-cap funds invest in medium-sized companies with potential for high growth. These funds can provide substantial returns, albeit with higher risk than large-cap funds.

3. Flexi Cap Funds

Flexi cap funds offer flexibility by investing across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks. They provide a balanced approach, leveraging opportunities across market segments.

4. Multi Cap Funds

Multi cap funds invest in a diversified portfolio across all market caps. These funds aim to balance risk and return, making them suitable for a medium-term horizon.

5. ELSS Funds

Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) funds provide tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. These funds have a lock-in period of three years and invest predominantly in equities.

6. Balanced Advantage Funds

Balanced advantage funds dynamically adjust the allocation between equity and debt based on market conditions. These funds help manage risk while seeking reasonable returns.

Investment Strategy

1. Diversification

Spread investments across different fund categories.
This reduces risk and enhances potential returns.
2. Consistent SIPs

Continue with existing SIPs.
Add new SIPs in the recommended funds.
Consistent investments benefit from rupee cost averaging.
3. Review and Rebalance

Review the portfolio annually.
Rebalance to maintain desired asset allocation.
Example Monthly Allocation

Large Cap Fund: Rs 5,000
Mid Cap Fund: Rs 3,000
Flexi Cap Fund: Rs 3,000
ELSS Fund: Rs 4,000
Total: Rs 15,000

Key Considerations

1. Investment Goals

Align investments with financial goals.
Prioritize tax-saving options like ELSS for tax efficiency.
2. Risk Tolerance

Assess risk tolerance before choosing funds.
Higher risk funds can offer higher returns but come with greater volatility.
3. Financial Advisor

Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.
A professional can help tailor the investment strategy to individual needs.
Final Insights

Investing in a diversified portfolio of mutual funds can help achieve financial goals. Regularly reviewing and rebalancing the portfolio ensures it stays aligned with changing market conditions and personal objectives.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
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I am 46years old, having monthly salary income of 2.45lakh per month and have a own house in Bangalore and no running EMIs. Having investment of 3lakh in PF, 3lakh in NPS, 10lakh of FD, 5lakh in LIC and 1.5cr in real estate and having a form land of 2acres in Mandya. Planning to retire at age of 60 and wanted a carpus of 5cr. Please give me some investment Ideas. Thanks,
Ans: You have a stable monthly income of Rs 2.45 lakh.

You own a house in Bangalore, debt-free.

Your current investments include:

Rs 3 lakh in Provident Fund (PF)
Rs 3 lakh in National Pension System (NPS)
Rs 10 lakh in Fixed Deposits (FD)
Rs 5 lakh in Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) policies
Rs 1.5 crore in real estate
2 acres of farmland in Mandya
Setting Retirement Goals
You plan to retire at 60 and aim for a corpus of Rs 5 crore.

This target is achievable with disciplined investments and proper asset allocation.

Investment Strategy
Diversified Portfolio
Diversification reduces risk and enhances returns. Consider spreading investments across different asset classes.

Mutual Funds
Equity Mutual Funds: Allocate a significant portion to equity mutual funds. They offer higher returns and help beat inflation.

Debt Mutual Funds: For stability and lower risk, invest in debt mutual funds. They provide steady returns and are less volatile.

SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans)
SIPs help in disciplined investing. Start or increase SIPs in equity and debt mutual funds.

National Pension System (NPS)
Continue investing in NPS. It offers tax benefits and helps build a retirement corpus.

Fixed Deposits (FD)
You already have Rs 10 lakh in FDs. These provide safety but lower returns. Consider moving some funds to higher-yield investments.

Life Insurance
LIC policies should be evaluated. If they are investment-cum-insurance policies, consider surrendering them. Reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds for better returns.

Tax Planning
Section 80C
Maximize benefits under Section 80C. Invest in ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) for tax savings and growth.

Section 80D
Take advantage of deductions for health insurance premiums. This ensures medical coverage and tax savings.

Building Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures liquidity during unforeseen circumstances.

Estate Planning
Wills and Nomination
Ensure you have a valid will. Nominate beneficiaries for all your investments.

Regular Review
Annual Financial Review
Review your portfolio annually. Adjust investments based on performance and changing goals.

Final Insights
To achieve Rs 5 crore by retirement, diversify your investments. Focus on equity and debt mutual funds through SIPs. Evaluate and possibly surrender LIC policies for better investment options. Ensure tax planning and maintain an emergency fund. Regular reviews will keep your financial plan on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
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Hello i am 42 year old. Earning 1.7L in hand per month. Invests 80k into mutual funds and do NPS 50k yearly and 1.5L into PPF. Have an emi of flat loan 17k per month, out of which 10k is rented income (7k is net damage). We are living in another own house. Wife is also working and her salary is suffi ient enough for monthly expenses and kid's education, and to fulfill her 80C investments. Have got 2 crore term inssurance for myself. Have approx 70L in FD. Want to know how much should be our retirement corpus to cover both. We live in small jaipur and have monthly expenses of approx 35k. Shall we invest further in purchasing land or keep increasing in mutual funds
Ans: Current Financial Snapshot

Age: 42 years
Monthly Income: Rs 1.7 lakh (in hand)
Monthly EMI: Rs 17,000 (net expense Rs 7,000 after rent)
Mutual Fund Investment: Rs 80,000 per month
NPS: Rs 50,000 annually
PPF: Rs 1.5 lakh annually
Term Insurance: Rs 2 crore
Fixed Deposits: Rs 70 lakh
Monthly Expenses: Rs 35,000
Wife's Income: Covers monthly expenses and 80C investments
Own House: Living in
Financial Goals

Retirement Corpus: Secure enough funds for retirement.
Investment Strategy: Optimize current investments for growth.
Step-by-Step Plan

1. Emergency Fund

Maintain at least 6 months of expenses in an easily accessible account.
Target: Rs 2.1 lakh (6 x Rs 35,000)
Ensure liquidity for unexpected needs.
2. Calculate Retirement Corpus

Expenses Estimation: Current monthly expenses of Rs 35,000.
Inflation Adjustment: Assuming 6% inflation rate for future expenses.
Retirement Period: Assume 25 years post-retirement.
Use an online retirement corpus calculator to get a precise figure. However, a rough estimate for a moderate lifestyle might be around Rs 3-4 crore.

3. Investment Strategy

Mutual Funds

Continue investing Rs 80,000 per month in mutual funds.
Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds.
Review and rebalance your portfolio annually.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)

Continue the annual investment of Rs 1.5 lakh in PPF.
This ensures safe, tax-free returns.
National Pension System (NPS)

Contribute Rs 50,000 annually to NPS.
Choose an aggressive mix of equity and debt for higher returns.
Fixed Deposits

Consider moving some FDs to mutual funds for higher growth.
Keep some FDs for short-term goals and liquidity.
4. Avoid Real Estate Investments

Real estate can be illiquid and may not provide consistent returns.
Focus on increasing investments in mutual funds for better growth and liquidity.
5. Insurance

Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage for the family.
Review your term insurance periodically to cover any gaps.
6. Retirement Planning Steps

Increase SIPs: Gradually increase your SIPs in mutual funds as your income grows.
Diversification: Maintain a diversified portfolio to spread risk.
Review Regularly: Check your investment portfolio annually and make necessary adjustments.
Tax Planning: Optimize investments to maximize tax benefits under sections like 80C, 80D, and 80CCD.
Example Monthly Allocation:

Mutual Funds: Rs 80,000
PPF: Rs 12,500 (monthly equivalent of Rs 1.5 lakh annually)
NPS: Rs 4,167 (monthly equivalent of Rs 50,000 annually)
Emergency Fund: Rs 5,000 (if not fully funded yet)
Final Insights

Building a robust retirement corpus requires disciplined investing and smart financial planning. Focus on maximizing your mutual fund investments, utilizing tax-saving options, and maintaining adequate insurance coverage. Regularly review your financial plan to stay on track and adjust as needed.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
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I am 38 yrs old earning 45000 a month. I have 1 lakh in saving account. Around 2.15 lac in two sukanya samman accounts of my two daughters. I have two lic plans in which I pay Rs 20000 as premium in an year. I took these plans in 2017. Want to live a simple and stable life after retirement at the age of 58 yrs. How should I plan for it?
Ans: Current Financial Snapshot

Age: 38 years
Monthly Income: Rs 45,000
Savings: Rs 1 lakh
Sukanya Samriddhi Accounts: Rs 2.15 lakh for two daughters
LIC Premium: Rs 20,000 annually (since 2017)
Financial Goals

Retirement at 58: 20 years to retirement.
Education and Marriage of Daughters: Financial planning for daughters’ future.
Step-by-Step Plan

1. Emergency Fund

Maintain at least 6 months of expenses in a savings account or liquid fund.
Target: Rs 2.7 lakh (6 x Rs 45,000)
You have Rs 1 lakh; add Rs 1.7 lakh over time.
2. Sukanya Samriddhi Accounts

Continue contributing to these accounts.
Offers good interest rates and tax benefits.
Ensure you maximize the yearly limit to benefit from tax savings under Section 80C.
3. LIC Policies

Evaluate the returns of your current LIC policies.
Consider if the returns are meeting your financial goals.
If they are underperforming, you may want to surrender and reinvest in better-performing options like mutual funds.
4. Monthly Savings Allocation

Emergency Fund: Start by saving Rs 5,000 per month until you reach the target.
SIP in Mutual Funds: Invest Rs 10,000 monthly in diversified equity mutual funds. Choose funds with a good track record and managed by reputed fund houses.
PPF: Contribute Rs 5,000 monthly to Public Provident Fund (PPF) for tax benefits and stable returns.
Retirement Fund: Consider investing Rs 5,000 monthly in National Pension System (NPS) for additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B).
5. Education and Marriage Fund

Continue with Sukanya Samriddhi for daughters’ education and marriage.
Invest in mutual funds for long-term growth.
6. Health and Life Insurance

Ensure adequate health insurance coverage for the family.
Increase term insurance coverage if necessary.
7. Review and Adjust

Review your investments annually.
Adjust SIP amounts as your income increases.
Example Monthly Allocation:

Emergency Fund: Rs 5,000
SIP in Mutual Funds: Rs 10,000
PPF: Rs 5,000
NPS: Rs 5,000
LIC Premium: Rs 1,667 (monthly equivalent of Rs 20,000 annually)
Why Choose Mutual Funds

Professional Management: Expert fund managers handle investments.
Diversification: Spread across various sectors, reducing risk.
Flexibility: Easily adjust SIP amounts based on financial goals.
Higher Returns: Potential for better returns compared to traditional savings.
Final Insights

Building a stable financial future requires disciplined saving and smart investing. Focus on creating an emergency fund, maximizing tax-saving investments, and choosing high-growth mutual funds. Regularly review and adjust your financial plan to stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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I have 4 lakhs corpus fund presently kindly suggest best mutual funds..
Ans: Investing a corpus of Rs. 4 lakhs in mutual funds can help you achieve significant growth. Diversifying your investments across different types of funds is essential for balancing risk and return. Here are some recommended options based on different investment horizons and risk appetites.

Large-Cap Equity Funds
Advantages:

Invests in well-established companies.

Lower risk compared to mid-cap and small-cap funds.

Recommendation:

Large-Cap Funds:

Choose funds with a strong track record.

Look for consistent performance over the years.

Mid-Cap Equity Funds
Advantages:

Invests in emerging companies with high growth potential.

Higher returns compared to large-cap funds.

Recommendation:

Mid-Cap Funds:

Opt for funds managed by experienced fund managers.

Check the fund’s performance in various market conditions.

Small-Cap Equity Funds
Advantages:

Invests in smaller companies with significant growth potential.

Higher returns with higher risk.

Recommendation:

Small-Cap Funds:

Select funds with a proven track record.

Ensure the fund manager has expertise in small-cap investments.

Multi-Cap Equity Funds
Advantages:

Diversified across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks.

Balanced risk and return.

Recommendation:

Multi-Cap Funds:

Choose funds with a dynamic allocation strategy.

Look for consistent performance across different market cycles.

Hybrid Funds
Advantages:

Combines equity and debt for balanced risk and return.

Suitable for moderate risk appetite.

Recommendation:

Aggressive Hybrid Funds:

Invest in funds with a mix of equity and debt.

Ensure the fund has a strong track record and dynamic asset allocation.

Debt Funds
Advantages:

Provides stable returns with lower risk.

Suitable for conservative investors.

Recommendation:

Corporate Bond Funds:

Focus on high-rated corporate bonds for better yields.

Check the credit quality and consistency of returns.

Short Duration Funds:

Invest in debt securities with short maturity periods.

Ideal for a low-risk investment with steady returns.

Recommended Allocation
Diversification:

50% in Equity Funds:

Split between large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.

Balances high growth potential with risk management.

30% in Hybrid Funds:

Provides balanced exposure to both equity and debt.

Suitable for moderate risk tolerance.

20% in Debt Funds:

Ensures stability and steady returns.

Ideal for conservative investments.

Key Considerations
Risk Tolerance:

Assess your risk appetite before investing.

Choose funds that align with your risk tolerance.

Investment Horizon:

Longer horizons can afford higher risk for higher returns.

Shorter horizons require more conservative investments.

Regular Monitoring:

Review your investments periodically.

Make adjustments based on market conditions and personal goals.

Professional Guidance:

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Align your investments with your financial goals and risk profile.

Final Insights
Investing your Rs. 4 lakh corpus in a mix of equity, hybrid, and debt funds can help achieve balanced growth. Diversify your investments to manage risk and enhance returns. Regularly monitor your portfolio and seek professional guidance to ensure your investments align with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Should I invest in land ( plot) real istes by taking loan instead increases in SIP
Ans: Let's explore why investing in SIPs is more advantageous than investing in real estate by taking a loan.

Advantages of SIPs

Low Initial Investment: Start with as little as Rs 500 per month.

Professional Management: Actively managed funds by expert fund managers.

Rupee Cost Averaging: Mitigates market volatility by averaging the purchase cost.

High Liquidity: Easy to redeem investments without much hassle.

Tax Efficiency: Certain mutual funds offer tax benefits.

Disadvantages of Real Estate Investment

High Initial Cost: Requires significant capital upfront.

Loan Burden: Increases financial pressure with monthly EMIs.

Low Liquidity: Selling property can take considerable time.

Market Volatility: Property values can fluctuate, affecting returns.

Maintenance Costs: Ongoing expenses for property upkeep.

Why SIPs are Better

Lower Risk: Diversified across various sectors, reducing risk.

Ease of Investment: Simple to start, manage, and monitor.

Debt-Free: No borrowing, thus no additional financial burden.

Flexibility: Adjust SIP amounts according to your financial situation.

Compounding Benefits: Long-term investments grow significantly due to compounding.

Step-Up SIP Strategy

Annual Increase: Gradually increase your SIP amount each year.

Harness Compounding: Higher contributions grow faster over time.

Income Adjustment: As your income grows, so can your SIP investments.

Final Insights

SIPs offer a balanced, flexible, and low-risk investment option. They provide professional management, tax benefits, and ease of investment. Real estate, while a tangible asset, involves high costs, debt, and lower liquidity. By focusing on SIPs, you can build a robust financial future without the burdens associated with property investments.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
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I am 35 year old ,I need a financial advice of Saving money in mutual fund for short and long term.i has a Term insurance from LIC jeevan anand for 15 lakh ( 21 years paying year ) monthly 38k since 2016 and also now two before started ICICI midsmall 400 ulip monthly 10k ,so please advise for investment at age of 48 need to get a good saving
Ans: You are 35 years old and seeking advice on saving money in mutual funds for both short and long term. Your current investments include:

LIC Jeevan Anand: Rs 15 lakh term insurance, monthly Rs 38,000, since 2016
ICICI MidSmall ULIP: Monthly Rs 10,000, started two years ago
You aim to have good savings by the age of 48.

Evaluating Your Current Investments
LIC Jeevan Anand
This is a traditional insurance plan offering a combination of savings and protection.

Benefits: Provides life cover and savings.
Drawbacks: Lower returns compared to mutual funds.
ICICI MidSmall ULIP
This is a unit-linked insurance plan with mid-small cap exposure.

Benefits: Market-linked returns with insurance cover.
Drawbacks: Higher charges and lower flexibility compared to mutual funds.
Suggested Improvements
Reviewing Current Insurance Policies
While LIC Jeevan Anand offers life cover, the returns are not as high as other investment options.

Surrender or Continue: Evaluate the surrender value and compare it with potential returns from mutual funds.
Considering Mutual Funds
Mutual funds offer higher returns and flexibility. Let's explore options for short and long-term investments.

Short-Term Investment Strategy
Liquid Funds
Liquid funds are ideal for short-term goals (1-3 years). They offer better returns than savings accounts and are easily accessible.

Invest in Liquid Funds: Allocate a portion of your savings for short-term goals.
Short-Term Debt Funds
Short-term debt funds provide stability and reasonable returns for a 3-5 year horizon.

Invest in Short-Term Debt Funds: Allocate funds for medium-term goals.
Long-Term Investment Strategy
Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds are suitable for long-term goals (5+ years). They offer high returns by investing in stocks.

Large-Cap Funds: Stable returns with lower risk.
Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Funds: Higher returns with moderate risk.
Balanced Funds
Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt, providing a mix of growth and stability.

Invest in Balanced Funds: Suitable for long-term goals with moderate risk appetite.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Investing through SIPs helps in averaging the cost and compounding returns over time.

Start SIPs: Allocate monthly amounts to various mutual funds based on your risk profile.
Portfolio Allocation
Short-Term Goals
Liquid Funds: Rs 10,000 monthly
Short-Term Debt Funds: Rs 5,000 monthly
Long-Term Goals
Large-Cap Equity Funds: Rs 10,000 monthly
Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Equity Funds: Rs 5,000 monthly
Balanced Funds: Rs 5,000 monthly
Regular Monitoring and Review
Review your portfolio regularly to ensure it aligns with your financial goals and market conditions.

Annual Reviews: Assess performance and adjust as needed.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner: For personalized advice and strategy adjustments.
Final Insights
To achieve your financial goals by the age of 48, consider reallocating your investments towards mutual funds for better returns. Liquid and short-term debt funds are ideal for short-term goals, while equity and balanced funds are suitable for long-term goals. Regularly review your portfolio and consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Hello Experts, I have a to invest a lump some amount of 10L for next 2years... Let me know the right investment platform... Thank you ????
Ans: Investing Rs. 10 lakh for a period of 2 years requires a careful approach. It's important to balance returns with safety and liquidity. Here are some recommended options.

Debt Mutual Funds
Advantages:

Lower risk compared to equity funds.

Suitable for short-term investment horizons.

Recommendation:

Short Duration Funds:

Invest in funds that offer stability and consistent returns.

Ideal for a 2-year period.

Corporate Bond Funds:

Focus on high-rated corporate bonds.

Provides better returns with moderate risk.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
Advantages:

Assured returns with minimal risk.

Suitable for conservative investors.

Recommendation:

Bank Fixed Deposits:

Choose a reputed bank for better interest rates.

Ensure the FD term aligns with your 2-year investment horizon.

Corporate Fixed Deposits:

Opt for high-rated corporate FDs for slightly higher returns.

Check the credit rating and financial stability of the company.

Liquid Mutual Funds
Advantages:

High liquidity with low risk.

Better returns compared to savings accounts.

Recommendation:

Liquid Funds:

Invest in funds that provide quick access to your money.

Suitable for managing short-term cash needs.

Ultra-Short Duration Funds
Advantages:

Invests in debt securities with very short maturity periods.

Lower interest rate risk.

Recommendation:

Ultra-Short Duration Funds:

Focus on funds with a good track record.

Ideal for parking funds with better returns than savings accounts.

Recurring Deposits (RDs)
Advantages:

Regular savings with fixed returns.

Low risk investment option.

Recommendation:

Bank Recurring Deposits:

Suitable for systematic savings over the 2-year period.

Ensure you choose a bank with competitive interest rates.

Diversified Portfolio
Advantages:

Spreads risk across multiple asset classes.

Enhances overall returns.

Recommendation:

Combination of Debt and Liquid Funds:

Allocate funds between short duration, liquid, and ultra-short duration funds.

Balances risk and provides better returns.

Key Considerations
Risk Tolerance:

Low Risk: Opt for fixed deposits and ultra-short duration funds.

Moderate Risk: Consider short duration and corporate bond funds.

Liquidity Needs:

Ensure a portion of the investment remains easily accessible.

Liquid and ultra-short duration funds provide high liquidity.

Professional Guidance:

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice.

Align investments with your financial goals and risk profile.

Final Insights
Investing Rs. 10 lakh for a 2-year period requires a balanced approach. Consider debt mutual funds, fixed deposits, liquid funds, and ultra-short duration funds. Diversify your investments to spread risk and enhance returns. Regularly monitor your portfolio and seek professional guidance for optimal results.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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I am 50 and planning to retire at 52 by 2026. I am building my retirement corpus of ?1 crore and investing in the following mutual funds: HDFC Balance Advantage Fund (30%), SBI Conservative Hybrid Fund (30%), ICICI Prudential Equity and Debt Fund (20%), Kotak Equity Savings Fund (10%), and Quant Multi Asset Fund (10%). Starting from 2027, I plan to withdraw ?40,000 monthly, adjusted for 6% inflation in the following years till my life time. Please review my portfolio and suggest any improvements.
Ans: You are 50 years old and plan to retire at 52 by 2026. You aim to build a retirement corpus of Rs 1 crore. Your current investment allocation in mutual funds is as follows:

HDFC Balance Advantage Fund: 30%
SBI Conservative Hybrid Fund: 30%
ICICI Prudential Equity and Debt Fund: 20%
Kotak Equity Savings Fund: 10%
Quant Multi Asset Fund: 10%
Starting from 2027, you plan to withdraw Rs 40,000 monthly, adjusted for 6% inflation annually.

Evaluating Your Portfolio
Asset Allocation
Your portfolio has a mix of balanced and hybrid funds, which is suitable for a conservative to moderate risk profile. Here's an evaluation of each fund type:

Balance Advantage Fund: Provides a balance between equity and debt, adjusting based on market conditions.
Conservative Hybrid Fund: Focuses more on debt, offering stability with limited equity exposure.
Equity and Debt Fund: Offers a balanced mix of equity and debt, suitable for moderate risk.
Equity Savings Fund: Provides equity exposure with a hedge through debt and arbitrage.
Multi Asset Fund: Invests in multiple asset classes, reducing risk through diversification.
Inflation-Adjusted Withdrawal
Planning to withdraw Rs 40,000 monthly, adjusted for 6% inflation, is a prudent approach to ensure your corpus lasts through your retirement years. However, it’s important to ensure the portfolio generates sufficient returns to meet these withdrawals.

Suggested Improvements
Diversification and Risk Management
While your current allocation is good, consider the following adjustments for better diversification and risk management:

Increase Equity Exposure: To ensure long-term growth, you might want to increase equity exposure slightly. Consider reallocating a portion from the Conservative Hybrid Fund to a pure equity fund for higher returns.
Include a Debt Fund: Adding a dedicated debt fund can provide stability and regular income, balancing the equity exposure.
Proposed Portfolio Allocation
New Allocation
HDFC Balance Advantage Fund: 25%
SBI Conservative Hybrid Fund: 20%
ICICI Prudential Equity and Debt Fund: 20%
Kotak Equity Savings Fund: 10%
Quant Multi Asset Fund: 10%
Large-Cap Equity Fund: 10%
Short-Term Debt Fund: 5%
Benefits of the New Allocation
Increased Growth Potential: Adding a Large-Cap Equity Fund enhances growth potential.
Enhanced Stability: Including a Short-Term Debt Fund provides additional stability and regular income.
Balanced Risk: The mix ensures a balance between growth and stability, reducing overall portfolio risk.
Implementation Strategy
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Post-retirement, use a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) to manage your withdrawals. This ensures a steady income stream while keeping your corpus invested.

Start SWP: From 2027, initiate SWP from your mutual funds.
Adjust for Inflation: Withdraw Rs 40,000 monthly, increasing annually by 6%.
Regular Monitoring and Review
Regularly review and adjust your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your withdrawal needs and market conditions.

Annual Reviews: Assess performance and adjust as needed.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner: For personalized advice and strategy adjustments.
Final Insights
Your current mutual fund allocation is good but can be improved for better growth and stability. Consider increasing equity exposure slightly and adding a dedicated debt fund. Use a Systematic Withdrawal Plan to manage your withdrawals post-retirement. Regularly review your portfolio to stay on track with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5041 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
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I am a married woman and a nursing tutor by profession.I am teaching in an institution with very less salary.that is 14 thousand per month. I want to save 10 thousand per month.How can I invest to get financial security in future. I want to secure my future children's life and also my parent's health.I want to proceed for post graduation also which will cost about 2.5lakhs.
Ans: Congratulations on your decision to plan for a secure financial future. Given your monthly income and goals, let's discuss how you can wisely invest Rs 10,000 per month.

Setting Clear Goals

First, let’s outline your primary financial goals:

Future Children’s Life: Ensuring a secure financial future for your children.

Parents’ Health: Covering medical expenses for your parents.

Post-Graduation: Saving for your post-graduation which costs around Rs 2.5 lakhs.

Prioritizing Your Investments

To achieve these goals, it's essential to prioritize and allocate your investments efficiently.

Children’s Future

To secure your children's future, you can start investing in mutual funds through SIP (Systematic Investment Plan). Here’s a suggested allocation:

Child Plan: Allocate Rs 3,000 monthly to a mutual fund specifically designed for child education. These funds invest in equity and debt, providing a balanced approach.

Equity Funds: Invest Rs 2,000 monthly in diversified equity funds. These funds have the potential to grow your investment over the long term.

Parents’ Health

Ensuring your parents have health coverage is critical:

Health Insurance: Use part of your monthly savings to purchase a health insurance policy for your parents. Allocate Rs 1,500 monthly for this purpose.
Post-Graduation

To save Rs 2.5 lakhs for your post-graduation in a few years:

Debt Funds: Invest Rs 3,000 monthly in debt mutual funds. These funds offer stability and moderate returns, making them ideal for short-term goals.
Emergency Fund

An emergency fund is essential for financial security:

Liquid Funds: Allocate Rs 500 monthly to a liquid mutual fund or a savings account. This fund will help you handle unexpected expenses.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds are handled by professional fund managers. They aim to outperform the market, offering potentially higher returns. This approach can be beneficial for long-term growth.

Importance of Regular Funds

Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) provides:

Professional Guidance: Regular funds offer expert advice and management.

Market Insights: Fund managers continuously adjust the portfolio to market conditions.

Stepping Up Investments

Consider increasing your investments as your salary increases. Even a small annual increase can significantly boost your savings over time.

Tax Planning

Look into investment options that offer tax benefits:

ELSS Funds: Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) provide tax benefits under Section 80C. You can allocate a part of your savings to these funds for tax deductions.
Monitoring and Reviewing

Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Adjust your investments as needed based on performance and market conditions.

Additional Tips

Education Loans: Consider education loans for your post-graduation. They often have favorable terms and can ease immediate financial pressure.

Government Schemes: Explore government schemes for women and education that may offer additional benefits and support.

Final Insights

Investing Rs 10,000 monthly is a smart way to secure your future and achieve your goals. Diversify your investments, prioritize health insurance, and regularly review your portfolio. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and stay committed to your financial plan.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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