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Samraat

Samraat Jadhav  |1891 Answers  |Ask -

Stock Market Expert - Answered on May 31, 2023

Samraat Jadhav is the founder of Prosperity Wealth Adviser.
He is a SEBI-registered investment and research analyst and has over 18 years of experience in managing high-end portfolios.
A management graduate from XLRI-Jamshedpur, Jadhav specialises in portfolio management, investment banking, financial planning, derivatives, equities and capital markets.... more
viditha Question by viditha on May 31, 2023Hindi
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Hi, I earn a net salary of Rs. 40,000 per month. I can manage to invest Rs. 5,000 per month. Kindly suggest a strategy to make a good investment plan.

Ans: Hi Viditha, Can you please help me to understand what will be your period of investment and what is the goal behind this investment?
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 05, 2024Hindi
Money
I am 53 yrs and having a monthly salary of 1lakh , having a SIP of 70000 per month and having a pf of 6 lakh How I can plan my investment
Ans: Financial Planning for a 53-Year-Old: An In-Depth Guide
Planning your investments at 53 requires a strategic approach. Your monthly salary is Rs 1 lakh, and you have an impressive SIP of Rs 70,000 per month. Additionally, you have a provident fund (PF) of Rs 6 lakh. With careful planning, you can ensure a secure financial future.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
First, let's review your current financial situation. Your income and investments are crucial for future planning.

Monthly Salary: Rs 1 lakh

Your monthly income is a significant factor in your financial planning. It forms the basis for your savings, investments, and expenses.

SIP: Rs 70,000 per month

Your SIP investment shows a strong commitment to long-term wealth creation. SIPs are a disciplined way to invest, averaging out market volatility. With such a substantial monthly investment, you have the potential to accumulate significant wealth over time.

Provident Fund: Rs 6 lakh

Your PF balance of Rs 6 lakh is an essential part of your retirement corpus. Provident funds offer a secure and tax-efficient way to save for retirement.

Establishing Financial Goals
Define clear financial goals. Consider short-term, medium-term, and long-term objectives.

Short-Term Goals: Emergency fund, home renovations, vacations.

Short-term goals are those that you aim to achieve within the next few years. These goals typically require relatively smaller amounts of money and can be funded through regular savings or short-term investments.

Medium-Term Goals: Children’s education, marriage expenses.

Medium-term goals typically have a time horizon of 5-10 years. These goals require more significant financial planning and may involve investments in instruments with moderate risk levels.

Long-Term Goals: Retirement planning, health care needs.

Long-term goals are those that you aim to achieve over a longer time horizon, typically 10 years or more. These goals require careful planning and disciplined investing to ensure that you accumulate the necessary corpus by the time you need it.

Each goal requires different strategies. Aligning your investments with these goals will provide direction.

Building an Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is essential. It provides a safety net during unexpected situations.

Recommendation: Save 6-12 months of expenses.

Strategy: Keep this fund in a savings account or liquid funds for easy access.

An emergency fund acts as a financial cushion during unforeseen events such as job loss, medical emergencies, or major repairs. By setting aside a portion of your income in a liquid account, you can ensure that you are prepared to handle any financial emergencies without having to dip into your long-term investments.

Reviewing Your Provident Fund
Your PF of Rs 6 lakh is a significant amount. It provides financial security and helps in retirement planning.

Consideration: Avoid withdrawing PF unless necessary. PF accumulates interest over time, providing substantial benefits.

Provident funds are one of the most popular retirement savings options in India due to their tax benefits and guaranteed returns. By contributing regularly to your PF and letting it grow over time, you can build a substantial corpus for your retirement years.

Evaluating Your SIP Investments
You are investing Rs 70,000 per month in SIPs. SIPs are excellent for rupee cost averaging and long-term growth.

Recommendation: Ensure your SIPs are diversified across various sectors and market capitalizations.

Strategy: Regularly review and rebalance your SIP portfolio to align with your risk tolerance and goals.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are a popular investment option for retail investors due to their simplicity and affordability. By investing a fixed amount regularly in mutual funds, you can benefit from the power of compounding and rupee cost averaging, which can help you accumulate wealth over the long term.

Importance of Diversification
Diversification reduces risk and enhances returns. Invest in a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds.

Equity Funds: High growth potential, suitable for long-term goals.

Debt Funds: Stability and lower risk, ideal for short to medium-term goals.

Hybrid Funds: Balanced approach, combining equity and debt.

Diversification is a fundamental principle of investing that aims to spread your investment risk across different asset classes and sectors. By diversifying your investment portfolio, you can reduce the impact of any single investment's poor performance on your overall portfolio returns.

Retirement Planning
Retirement planning is crucial at this stage. You need to ensure a comfortable and secure retirement.

Estimation: Calculate the corpus required for retirement considering inflation and lifestyle.

Investment Strategy: Increase contributions to your retirement fund. Consider equity and hybrid funds for higher growth.

Retirement planning involves estimating the amount of money you will need to maintain your desired standard of living after you retire and then working backward to determine how much you need to save each month to achieve that goal. By starting early and investing regularly in retirement-oriented investment vehicles, you can build a substantial corpus for your golden years.

Health Care Planning
Healthcare costs can be substantial in retirement. Plan for medical emergencies and regular health expenses.

Health Insurance: Ensure adequate health insurance coverage. Consider a higher sum insured with critical illness coverage.

Health Savings Fund: Create a separate fund for medical expenses. Use debt funds or fixed deposits for this purpose.

Healthcare planning is an essential aspect of financial planning, especially as you age and your healthcare needs increase. By investing in a comprehensive health insurance policy and setting aside funds for medical emergencies, you can ensure that you are prepared to meet any healthcare expenses that may arise in the future without putting a strain on your finances.

Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning can save a significant amount of money. Utilize tax-saving instruments to reduce your tax liability.

Section 80C: Invest in ELSS, PPF, or NSC to claim deductions up to Rs 1.5 lakh.

Section 80D: Avail tax benefits on health insurance premiums for yourself and family.

Tax planning is an integral part of financial planning and involves structuring your finances in a way that minimizes your tax liability while maximizing your post-tax returns. By taking advantage of various tax-saving instruments and deductions available under the Income Tax Act, you can reduce your tax burden and increase your disposable income.

Reviewing Insurance Policies
Evaluate your existing insurance policies. Ensure they provide adequate coverage.

Life Insurance: Check if the sum assured is sufficient to cover your family’s needs.

ULIPs and Endowment Policies: Consider surrendering these policies if they are not performing well. Reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds for better returns.

Insurance planning is an essential component of financial planning and involves assessing your insurance needs and ensuring that you have adequate coverage to protect yourself and your loved ones against unforeseen events. By reviewing your existing insurance policies periodically and making necessary adjustments, you can ensure that you are adequately covered and that your insurance portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Avoid index funds and direct funds. Actively managed funds, through a Certified Financial Planner, offer several benefits.

Professional Management: Experienced fund managers make informed decisions.

Higher Returns: Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform the market.

Regular Monitoring: Regular reviews and adjustments ensure alignment with financial goals.

Actively managed funds are mutual funds in which fund managers actively make investment decisions with the aim of outperforming the market and generating higher returns for investors. By investing in actively managed funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), you can benefit from professional management and expertise. Certified Financial Planners are trained professionals who can help you navigate the complexities of the financial markets and make informed investment decisions that align with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Creating a Withdrawal Strategy
A well-planned withdrawal strategy ensures you don’t outlive your savings.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Use SWPs in mutual funds to create a regular income stream during retirement.

Staggered Withdrawals: Avoid withdrawing large amounts at once to reduce tax liability and maintain growth potential.

Creating a withdrawal strategy is essential to ensure that you can sustain your lifestyle in retirement without depleting your savings too quickly. By implementing a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) in mutual funds or staggering your withdrawals over time, you can generate a steady income stream while preserving the principal amount for future growth.

Estate Planning
Estate planning ensures your assets are distributed according to your wishes.

Will: Draft a will to specify how your assets should be distributed.

Nominees: Ensure all investments and accounts have updated nominee details.

Trust: Consider setting up a trust for more complex estate planning needs.

Estate planning is the process of arranging for the transfer of your assets to your heirs or beneficiaries after your death. By creating a will, designating nominees for your investments and accounts, and setting up trusts for more complex estate planning needs, you can ensure that your assets are distributed according to your wishes and that your loved ones are provided for after you're gone.

Continuous Monitoring and Review
Regularly monitor and review your financial plan. Adjust strategies as needed to stay on track with your goals.

Annual Review: Conduct a thorough review of your financial plan at least once a year.

Life Changes: Update your plan for any significant life changes such as marriage, birth, or change in employment.

Continuous monitoring and review of your financial plan are essential to ensure that it remains aligned with your goals and objectives. By conducting an annual review and updating your plan for any significant life changes, you can make necessary adjustments to your investment portfolio and financial strategy to adapt to changing circumstances and stay on track towards achieving your long-term financial goals.

Conclusion
In conclusion, planning your investments at 53 is crucial for a secure future. Your current SIPs, provident fund, and monthly salary form a strong foundation for your financial plan. By diversifying your investments, planning for retirement and healthcare, and making informed decisions with the help of a Certified Financial Planner, you can achieve your financial goals and enjoy a comfortable and secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 17, 2024

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I am 50 years old privet sector employee, my job may be over coming 3 months. My investments value are, Demat account stocks= 60 Lakhs, MF, Flexi Cap = 40 L, Mid Cap =12L, Small Cap = 5L, FD=25L, PPF=20L will matured on 2031. Cash in hand 10L, Please suggest me correct investment plan to get 1.0L monthly. I have term plan for Rs 1.0Cr. and family mediclaim policy for rs. 25 L.
Ans: Current Financial Position
You have a strong financial foundation. Your investments and savings include:

Demat account stocks: Rs 60 Lakhs

Mutual Funds (Flexi Cap): Rs 40 Lakhs

Mutual Funds (Mid Cap): Rs 12 Lakhs

Mutual Funds (Small Cap): Rs 5 Lakhs

Fixed Deposit: Rs 25 Lakhs

PPF: Rs 20 Lakhs (matures in 2031)

Cash in hand: Rs 10 Lakhs

You also have a term insurance plan of Rs 1 crore and a family mediclaim policy of Rs 25 Lakhs.

Investment Strategy for Steady Income
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Utilize SWP from your mutual funds.

Withdraw Rs 1 lakh monthly from Flexi Cap and Mid Cap funds.

This ensures a regular income without depleting the principal rapidly.

Dividend-Paying Stocks
Invest part of your Demat account in dividend-paying stocks.

This provides regular income and potential for capital appreciation.

Balanced Mutual Funds
Shift some funds to balanced mutual funds.

These funds offer stability and regular returns.

Debt Funds
Allocate a portion to debt funds.

These are less risky and offer regular interest income.

Emergency Fund
Maintain Rs 10 Lakhs cash for emergencies.

This ensures liquidity and financial security.

Fixed Deposits and PPF
Keep FDs and PPF as they provide guaranteed returns.

Use FD interest for additional income.

PPF will mature in 2031, adding to your corpus.

Healthcare and Insurance
Ensure your family mediclaim policy is adequate.

Consider increasing the coverage if needed.

Your term plan is sufficient for your family's financial security.

Tax Efficiency
Tax-Efficient Investments
Invest in tax-efficient options like debt funds and balanced funds.

These can reduce your tax liability on returns.

Tax Planning for Withdrawal
Plan your withdrawals to minimize tax impact.

Use tax-saving strategies to optimize your income.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Review your portfolio regularly.

Adjust investments based on market conditions and financial goals.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform the market.

They adapt to changing market conditions.

Professional fund managers aim for higher returns.

Avoid Direct Funds
Direct funds require constant monitoring.

Regular funds through a CFP offer professional guidance.

This reduces the burden of managing your investments.

Final Insights
You are on the right track with your investments. By optimizing your current assets and planning withdrawals strategically, you can achieve your goal of Rs 1 lakh monthly income. Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed to ensure long-term financial security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |2471 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

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Career
Presently Im a class 12 commerce student and i want to join BCA for my degree next year but i dont know what are the careers after BCA.
Ans: Adella, first of all, shortlist top 5-10 colleges to get admission for your BCA.

Know the Eligibility Criteria / Admission Process / Entrance Exams (such as CUET & other Private Colleges' its own Entrance Exams) you will have to appear in.

There are multiple career options after BCA, but depends upon which specialization you will choose, which specilizations are available in the college you will join & which all skills you will upgrade. Some of the examples of specializations available for BCA are:

1) Software Development
2) Cyber Security
3) Data Analytics
4) Web Development
5) Mobile Application Development
6) Networking & System Administration
7) Cloud Computing
8) Digital Marketing
9) Multimedia & Animation
10) AI & ML
11) Full Stack Development & More.

After you get admission into BCA in any college:

1) Try to maintain a good academic performance.
2) Involve in co/extra-curricular activities.
3) Keep upgrading your skills, as recommended by your college faculties.
4) Start researching about the Recruiters/Companies visited your college for Campus Recruitment.
5) Have a Professional LinkedIn Profile.
6) Put Job Alerts related to your domain in LinkedIn.
7) Get notifications of job vacancies and go through the JD (Job Description) of each.
8) Know the Job Market Trends & keep analyzing how it changes till your 3rd year.
9) Connect with Professionals of your domain, get their advice/views/opinions for your Career Growth
10) At the end of your 3rd year, start applying for jobs through LinkedIn, matching your Profile and also prepare for your Campus Interview.

All the BEST for Your Bright Future.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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