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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 11, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 28, 2024Hindi

Hi, I am 26 years old, I am investing 3500 Rupees in Mutual fund every month and another 5000 in stocks and ETF monthly. My current investment portfolio looks as below. MF: Invested(37.4k)-- currently(46.5k) from last 11 months Stocks: Invested( 152.7k) --- currently(248.7k) from last 2 years I would like to retire at 50 years, please confirm me what can be my total corpus that i need to meet expenses after 24 years and enjoy a moderate luxury . own home is there so no need of another home for living. Thank you.

Ans: Nice to see you investing at 26. It’s great to start early.

Your current portfolio shows discipline and a good mix of mutual funds, stocks, and ETFs.

Mutual funds: Rs 37,400 invested, now worth Rs 46,500 in 11 months.

Stocks: Rs 152,700 invested, now worth Rs 248,700 in 2 years.

Great job! Your investments are performing well.

Evaluating Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a fantastic way to diversify. They offer professional management and can reduce risk.

They come in various types, each with its own risk and return potential.

Categories of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks, higher risk but potentially higher returns.

Debt Funds: Invest in bonds, lower risk, stable returns.

Hybrid Funds: Mix of equity and debt, balanced risk and return.

Sectoral Funds: Invest in specific sectors, higher risk.

Advantages of Mutual Funds
Diversification: Spreads risk across different securities.

Professional Management: Managed by experts.

Liquidity: Easy to buy and sell.

Systematic Investment: Invest small amounts regularly.

Risks of Mutual Funds
Market Risk: Fluctuations in market can affect returns.

Interest Rate Risk: Changes in interest rates can impact debt funds.

Credit Risk: Default by issuers can affect debt funds.

Power of Compounding in Mutual Funds
The real magic of mutual funds is in compounding. Your returns earn returns, creating exponential growth.

Start early, stay invested, and watch your money grow.

Evaluating Stocks and ETFs
Stocks and ETFs can offer higher returns but come with higher risks.

Disadvantages of Index Funds (ETFs)
Lack of Active Management: No expert managing your investment.

Market Dependent: Reflects market performance, no potential to outperform.

Less Flexibility: Limited to the index components.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Expert Management: Professional fund managers making decisions.

Potential to Outperform: Can beat the market.

Risk Management: Active strategies to manage risks.

Your Retirement Plan
You aim to retire at 50. Great goal! Let’s figure out the corpus you need.

First, list your expected monthly expenses post-retirement. Include lifestyle expenses, healthcare, travel, etc.

Estimating Your Corpus
To estimate your retirement corpus, consider inflation and your life expectancy.

Use a rule of thumb: 25 to 30 times your annual expenses as your retirement corpus.

Strategy for Building Your Corpus
Increase SIP in Mutual Funds: Gradually increase your SIP amount. More SIP, more compounding.

Diversify Investments: Continue with a mix of mutual funds, stocks, and ETFs.

Review Regularly: Keep track of your portfolio’s performance and rebalance as needed.

Emergency Fund: Keep a separate emergency fund, don’t dip into your investments.

Importance of Regular Investments
Consistency is key. Regular investments, even small, can lead to significant growth over time.

Working with a Certified Financial Planner
A CFP can guide you with tailored advice and strategies.

They can help with asset allocation, risk management, and goal planning.

Final Insights
You’re on the right path with your investments. Keep up the good work!

Focus on increasing your SIPs and diversifying your portfolio.

Regular reviews and adjustments will keep you on track.

Your early start and disciplined approach will pay off big time.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 30, 2024

Sir, Myself Rajesh, salaried person, 37 years old. having MF SIP Rs. 36500 per month, current invested amount is about Rs. 14,00,000/- + in Equity stocks- Rs.3,00,000/- have about Rs. 5,00,000/- in hand to invest either in stocks or MF . Have family of 3 people and Monthly expenses are around Rs.25k. Planning to take retirement in another 10 years, looking at the current investment can you help me identify approx. corpus required to invest and take retirement. Thank you.
Ans: Hello Rajesh! It's great to see your commitment to investing for your future, especially with retirement on the horizon. Let's dive into planning for your retirement corpus.

Given your current investments in MF SIPs and equity stocks, you're already on a solid path. However, to estimate the corpus needed for retirement, we need to consider factors such as your desired post-retirement lifestyle, inflation, and expected expenses.

With your monthly expenses at Rs. 25,000 and a family of three, projecting your future expenses accounting for inflation is essential. Additionally, factoring in potential healthcare costs and other unforeseen expenses is prudent.

As a Certified Financial Planner, I recommend conducting a comprehensive financial review to determine your retirement goals and risk tolerance. This will help in estimating the corpus required to sustain your lifestyle post-retirement comfortably.

With your additional Rs. 5,00,000 in hand, you have an opportunity to further diversify your investments. Whether you choose to invest in stocks or MFs, consider your risk appetite and the need for diversification to mitigate risks.

I suggest consulting with a financial advisor who can create a personalized retirement plan tailored to your specific circumstances and goals. By taking proactive steps now, you're setting yourself up for a financially secure retirement in 10 years. Keep up the good work, and remember, investing is a journey, so stay focused on your long-term objectives.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Feb 22, 2024Hindi
Sir., my monthly expense is 100000 now and monthly income from house rent is 40k. My age is 47., my pf as per today 50L. Share 8 L and FD 4L, SGB 12L. Maintain same lifestyle after 60., how much corpus I need and how much I should start investing. Kindly clarity
Ans: At age 47, it's commendable that you are thinking about your retirement needs. Maintaining your current lifestyle post-retirement requires careful planning. Let's analyse your current financial situation and what you need to achieve your retirement goals.

Current Financial Status
Your monthly expense is ?100,000, and your income from house rent is ?40,000.

You have accumulated significant assets:

Provident Fund (PF): ?50 Lakhs

Shares: ?8 Lakhs

Fixed Deposits (FD): ?4 Lakhs

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB): ?12 Lakhs

These assets show that you have diversified investments, which is excellent for balancing risk.

Estimating the Retirement Corpus
To maintain the same lifestyle after retirement, you need to consider inflation. Your expenses will likely increase over time due to inflation. Assuming a 6% annual inflation rate, your current monthly expenses of ?100,000 will be much higher when you retire at 60.

You'll need a corpus that can generate enough income to cover these expenses. Let's assume you live up to 85 years. This means your corpus should last for 25 years post-retirement.

Calculating the Required Corpus
Estimating the exact corpus involves complex calculations. A Certified Financial Planner can help with precise numbers. However, a rough estimate is that you need about 20-25 times your annual expenses at the time of retirement.

Given your current expenses, you might need a corpus of around ?6-7 crores, factoring in inflation.

Investment Strategy to Build the Corpus
You need to start investing more aggressively to reach your retirement goal. Here's a suggested strategy:

1. Increase Equity Investments

Equities typically offer higher returns compared to other asset classes. Consider increasing your investment in actively managed equity mutual funds. These funds are managed by professional fund managers who aim to outperform the market.

2. Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Start a SIP in mutual funds. It helps in averaging the cost of investment and provides disciplined investing. SIPs are ideal for long-term wealth creation.

3. Diversify Your Portfolio

Diversification reduces risk. You already have SGBs, FDs, and shares. Ensure a good mix of equity, debt, and gold. This balanced approach mitigates risks.

4. Consult a Certified Financial Planner

A Certified Financial Planner can help tailor a plan specific to your needs. They can provide guidance on asset allocation, risk management, and tax efficiency.

Managing Your Existing Assets
Provident Fund (PF)

Your PF is a secure and stable investment. Continue contributing to it. It provides a safety net with assured returns.

Shares and Equity

Monitor your share portfolio regularly. Avoid putting all your money in one stock. Diversify across sectors to minimize risk.

Fixed Deposits (FD)

FDs are safe but offer lower returns. Consider using them for emergency funds or short-term goals.

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB)

SGBs are good for diversification. They also provide a hedge against inflation. Keep them as part of your portfolio.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Regularly review your financial plan. Adjust your investments based on market conditions and your changing needs. Stay informed and adapt to new financial opportunities.

Planning for retirement requires a strategic approach. Your current assets provide a strong foundation. By investing wisely and consulting a Certified Financial Planner, you can achieve your retirement goals.

You have already taken the first step by evaluating your needs. With disciplined investing, you can ensure a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am a 35y old single Male. My target is to retire at 50 with a corpus of 25 Crores. Currently, the worth of my portfolio is 1.25 Crore with 75 lakhs in MFs, 25 lakhs in NPS, 10 lakh in PPF, 10 lakh in SGB and about 5 lakhs in Cash and Stocks. My monthly investment is 90k in MFs and annual investment in PPF and SGB is 1.5 lakhs each. I have a 2Bhk house in Pune and my after-tax salary is 2 lakhs/month. My company takes care of my accommodation and my regular monthly expenses are about 50k/month. Do you want to suggest any other plans or am I doing alright keeping my goal in mind? Currently, the MFs are weighted about 50% Small cap, 25% Mid and flexi cap and 25% Large cap.
Ans: Your dedication to financial planning is commendable, especially with a clear retirement goal in mind. Let's delve into your current situation and discuss potential adjustments:

Your current portfolio allocation seems well-diversified, with a significant portion invested in mutual funds, NPS, PPF, SGB, and some cash and stocks. This mix offers a balance of growth and stability.

Your monthly investments and annual contributions to PPF and SGB reflect a disciplined savings approach. It's crucial to maintain this consistency to achieve your retirement target.

Your 2BHK house in Pune is an asset that adds to your net worth and provides security. It's great that your company covers your accommodation expenses, easing your financial burden.

With your after-tax salary and monthly expenses, you have a surplus for investments, which is a positive sign. It's essential to ensure that this surplus is utilized efficiently towards your retirement goal.

Considering your goal of accumulating a corpus of 25 Crores by the age of 50, it might be beneficial to reassess your asset allocation strategy. While your current allocation is diversified, you may want to tilt it slightly towards more conservative options as you approach retirement age.

Given your aggressive investment approach, you might consider gradually shifting towards a more balanced portfolio with a higher allocation to large-cap and balanced funds, which are comparatively less volatile.

Additionally, exploring other investment avenues such as direct equity, debt funds, or alternative investments could further diversify your portfolio and potentially enhance returns.

Regularly reviewing your portfolio's performance and rebalancing it as needed is crucial to stay on track towards your retirement goal.

Overall, you're on the right track with your financial planning efforts. Continue with your disciplined approach, stay informed about market trends, and seek professional advice if needed to optimize your portfolio further.

Keep up the excellent work, and with persistence and smart decision-making, you're well-positioned to achieve your retirement target!

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 01, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am a 44 year old IT professional, married with no kids, and I'm planning to retire from active work by 46 (with an option to pick up some freelance engagements). Few basic information are as below: 1. 3 houses paid for, worth approx INR 5.5 Cr 2. Cumulative FD worth INR 2 Cr, split between myself & spouse 3. NPS worth INR 13 lakhs 4. MF portfolio worth approx INR 40 lakhs 5. Medical insurance with a cumulative coverage of INR 1.5 Cr, for self & spouse. 6. Parents are not financially dependent on me. 7. Current monthly expenses are around INR 1.5 lakh. 8. Annual holiday pegged at INR 20 lakhs 9. No rental yield from the houses, as they're self occupied I will continue to save/invest approx INR 6.5 lakh per month till my retirement date, which is tentatively set for mid 2026. My questions are as below: 1. Assuming I have a net savings/investment of INR 4 Cr, along with the 3 houses, will it lead to a sufficient retirement corpus. 2. If I need to continue living a similar lifestyle, how much will I need as a corpus. Thanks in advance.
Ans: Retirement planning is crucial, especially when you're aiming to retire early and maintain a comfortable lifestyle. Let's delve into a comprehensive analysis of your financial situation and create a strategy to ensure a secure and enjoyable retirement.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Assets and Investments

Three Houses: Worth approximately Rs. 5.5 crore. These are self-occupied and provide no rental income.
Fixed Deposits: Totaling Rs. 2 crore, split between you and your spouse.
National Pension System (NPS): Worth Rs. 13 lakh.
Mutual Fund Portfolio: Valued at around Rs. 40 lakh.
Medical Insurance: Coverage of Rs. 1.5 crore for you and your spouse.
Current Expenses

Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Annual Holiday Expenses: Rs. 20 lakh.
Savings and Investments Until Retirement

You will save and invest Rs. 6.5 lakh per month until mid-2026.
Evaluating Your Retirement Corpus Requirements
Estimation of Required Corpus

To estimate your retirement corpus, we need to consider your current expenses, inflation, and your expected lifespan. Let's break this down step by step.

Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Annual Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh x 12 = Rs. 18 lakh.
Annual Holiday Expenses: Rs. 20 lakh.
Total Annual Expenses: Rs. 18 lakh + Rs. 20 lakh = Rs. 38 lakh.
Accounting for Inflation
Inflation reduces the purchasing power of money over time. Assuming an average inflation rate of 6% per annum, we need to estimate your future expenses.

Calculating Future Expenses
You are currently 44 and plan to retire at 46. Let's assume you live till 85, giving us a retirement period of 39 years.

Future Value of Annual Expenses: Rs. 38 lakh will increase due to inflation.

So, your annual expenses at the start of retirement will be approximately Rs. 42.7 lakh.

Total Corpus Required
To maintain a similar lifestyle throughout your retirement, we need to calculate the corpus required to support these expenses, adjusted for inflation over 39 years.

Considering Withdrawal Rate
A common rule of thumb is the 4% withdrawal rate, which suggests you can withdraw 4% of your retirement corpus annually without depleting it prematurely.

Corpus Required for First Year Expenses:

you need approximately Rs. 10.67 crore at the start of your retirement.

Analyzing the Gap
Required Corpus: Rs. 10.67 crore.

Projected Corpus by Retirement: Rs. 4.48 crore.

Gap: Rs. 10.67 crore - Rs. 4.48 crore ≈ Rs. 6.19 crore.

Strategies to Bridge the Gap
Optimizing Investments

Reallocate Assets: Shift some FD and mutual funds into higher growth options like equity mutual funds. This can potentially provide higher returns.

Increase Savings Rate: If possible, increase your monthly savings rate.

Extend Retirement Date: Consider extending your retirement by a few years to accumulate a larger corpus.

Detailed Investment Strategies

Equity Mutual Funds
Investing in equity mutual funds offers growth potential. These funds can provide returns that beat inflation over the long term. Focus on large-cap and diversified equity funds to manage risk.

Hybrid Mutual Funds
Hybrid funds offer a balanced approach, combining equity and debt. They provide growth with reduced volatility. These can be a good addition to your portfolio for stability and growth.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds are less volatile and provide stable returns. They are suitable for preserving capital and generating regular income. Include a mix of short-term and medium-term debt funds.

National Pension System (NPS)
Continue contributing to NPS. It offers tax benefits and market-linked returns. At retirement, use a portion for annuities and withdraw the rest.

Realign Fixed Deposits
Consider moving a portion of your fixed deposits to mutual funds or other growth-oriented investments. FDs offer safety but lower returns compared to mutual funds.

Medical Insurance Coverage
Your medical insurance coverage of Rs. 1.5 crore is sufficient. Ensure it continues post-retirement. Consider adding top-up plans if needed.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Rebalance it to maintain the desired asset allocation. Adjust based on market conditions and your financial goals.

Risk Management
Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures liquidity for unforeseen expenses.


Diversify your investments across asset classes to reduce risk. Avoid putting all your money in one type of investment.

Monitoring Expenses
Track Expenses

Keep track of your expenses. Adjust your budget if needed to ensure you stay within your retirement income.

Manage Lifestyle Inflation

Be cautious of lifestyle inflation. As your income grows, avoid unnecessary expenses that can erode your savings.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Withdrawals

Plan your withdrawals to minimize tax liability. Use systematic withdrawal plans (SWP) from mutual funds for regular income.

Utilize Tax Benefits

Take advantage of tax-saving investments under Section 80C, 80D, and other applicable sections. This reduces your taxable income.

Freelance Engagements
Consider freelance work post-retirement. It can provide additional income and keep you engaged. This can reduce the pressure on your retirement corpus.

Retirement planning requires careful analysis and strategy. With your current savings and planned investments, you're on the right track. By optimizing your investments, increasing savings, and managing expenses, you can build a sufficient retirement corpus.

Ensure regular review and rebalancing of your portfolio. Work with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to tailor your strategy and achieve your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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