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Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on May 04, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Sathish Question by Sathish on May 03, 2024Hindi

Hi, I'm 38 yrs old. Currently my salary is 1.1 lakhs & expenses is 1 lakh including unnecessary loan emi's which will end in another 4 yrs. No investments. Expected to work for another 15 yrs. How much to save more for peacefully retirement. 2 - Kids education & marriage. No own home. Monthly expenses will be 50000 without loan emis

Ans: Start SIP after completing your EMI, I don't know what is the meaning of peaceful retirement for you and what is your goal for marriage and education of your children
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4628 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 15, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 25 years old working in a MNC. Earning arround 65k excluding taxes in Bangalore + some shift, yearly bonus etc. avg hike 20%(not every year only hike 15% promotion 25% like that). I also earn 40-50k as part time few months not every month. My living cost is arround 20-25k per month I have to give my family arround 20k per month needs full fill I use arround 30k per year like phone laptop electronic (increase 20% yearly). How much should I save to retire at the age of 45? I am not married. Have arround 12L+ in savings 70% equity and 30% debt. I plan to buy a car in 2 year and marriage, also family planning.
Ans: Here's a breakdown to help you estimate how much you can save towards retirement at 45, considering your current situation and future plans:


Monthly Salary (excluding taxes): ?65,000 (approx.)
Yearly Bonus (average): Let's assume a conservative estimate of 1 month's salary (?65,000)
Part-time Income (average monthly): ?45,000 (considering the range)
Total Average Monthly Income:

(?65,000 + ?45,000)/12 + ?65,000/12 ≈ ?91,667


Living Costs: ?25,000
Family Support: ?20,000
Electronics (Yearly): ?30,000/12 = ?2,500 (monthly)
Total Average Monthly Expenses: ?47,500

Savings Potential:

?91,667 (Monthly Income) - ?47,500 (Monthly Expenses) ≈ ?44,167

Important Considerations:

Future Expenses: You plan to buy a car in 2 years, get married, and potentially start a family. These will significantly impact your savings. Factor in estimated costs for these events.
Inflation: Inflation will erode the purchasing power of your savings over time. Consider an inflation rate of 5-6% while calculating your retirement corpus.
Here's a suggestive approach:

Emergency Fund: Aim for 3-6 months of living expenses as an emergency fund. With your current expenses, this could be ?1.42 lakh to ?2.84 lakh.
Retirement Savings: Focus on maximizing retirement savings after building your emergency fund. You have a 15-year horizon (45 - 25 = 20 years, minus 5 years for planning major expenses). Investment advisors generally recommend saving 15-20% of your income for retirement. With your potential savings of around ?44,167, consider allocating a significant portion (around ?6,600 to ?8,800 monthly) towards retirement funds. You can adjust this based on your risk tolerance and future financial goals.
Investment Strategy: Since you have a long investment horizon, you can consider an equity-heavy approach for your retirement savings (70-80% equity). However, as you approach retirement, gradually shift towards a more balanced allocation with debt instruments to reduce volatility.
Retirement Corpus Estimation (using a simplified formula):

Corpus = (Retirement Age - Current Age) * Annual Expenses * Inflation Adjusted Factor


Retirement Age: 45
Current Age: 25
Annual Expenses (adjusted for inflation at 5% for 20 years): Let's assume your expenses grow at the same rate as inflation, leading to an annual expense of ?3.78 lakh at retirement (?25,000 * 1.05 ^ 20)
Inflation Adjusted Factor (assuming a withdrawal rate of 4% and investment return slightly exceeding inflation): 25
Estimated Corpus: ?3.78 lakh/year * 25 ≈ ?9.45 crore

Note: This is a simplified estimation and doesn't account for future income growth, investment returns,


Create a Budget: Track your income and expenses to identify areas for saving.
Automate Savings: Set up SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) for mutual funds to automate your retirement savings.
Seek Professional Advice: Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized financial planning based on your specific goals and risk tolerance. A CFP can help you create a comprehensive retirement plan considering your future expenses, investment strategy, and overall financial situation.
CFPs are financial advisors who have rigorous training and experience in financial planning. They are held to a high ethical standard and are required to act in their clients' best interests. Consulting a CFP can ensure you receive sound financial advice tailored to your unique needs and aspirations.

By being proactive with your savings and investments, you can work towards achieving your retirement goals at 45. Remember, this is a journey, and you might need to adjust your plan as your life progresses.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4628 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 17, 2024Hindi
RamalingamJi, I am 51 years old & having approx. corpus of Rs. 30L. I want to have 1.5L/month after retirement (at the age of 58 yrs.) so how much should I save from now so that I can have this much money w/o trouble. At present I am investing 20K/month in MF, 12.5K/month in PPF, 30K/month in EPF, 12K in Sukanya Smridhi, 17k/month in NPS, 6k/month in another PPF & another 20K/month in other saving schemes making it total 117.5K/month.
Ans: Planning for your Retirement Income
You're taking a great step by planning for your retirement income at 51. Here's how we can estimate how much you might need to save to reach your goal of Rs. 1.5 lakh per month after retirement at 58.

Factors to Consider:

Current Savings: Your current monthly savings of Rs. 1,17,500 is a significant starting point.
Time Horizon: You have 7 years (58 - 51) till retirement.
Desired Retirement Income: Your target monthly income is Rs. 1,50,000.
Inflation: Inflation erodes the purchasing power of money over time. Consider a conservative estimate of 5-7% inflation.
Rate of Return: The expected return on your investments will determine how much you need to save.
Here's a simplified calculation (assuming a fixed rate of return):

Total Corpus Required:

Let's assume an 8% annual return and 7% inflation (adjusted return of 1%).
We can use the formula for perpetuity present value (PV) to calculate the corpus needed: PV = Desired monthly income (adjusted for inflation) / Adjusted annual return PV = (Rs. 1,50,000 * 12) / (1 + 0.01) = Rs. 1,80,00,000
Shortfall in Corpus:

You already have Rs. 30 lakh corpus.
The shortfall would be Rs. 1,80,00,000 - Rs. 30,00,000 = Rs. 1,50,00,000
Additional Monthly Savings:

To calculate the additional monthly savings required, we can use a savings goal calculator available online.
These factors will be considered: time horizon, desired corpus, and expected return.
Important Points to Remember:

This is a simplified calculation. Real-world returns may fluctuate.
Consider consulting a financial advisor for a personalized plan considering your risk tolerance and investment portfolio.
You've mentioned various investments (MF, PPF, EPF, etc.). An advisor can help assess the asset allocation and suggest adjustments if needed.
Positive Aspects of your Current Savings:

Your current savings of Rs. 1,17,500 per month is commendable.
You're invested in a variety of instruments (equity, debt, government schemes).
Next Steps:

Estimate Shortfall: Use a retirement calculator to get a more accurate estimate of the additional monthly savings required.
Review Investments: Consult a financial advisor to assess your current asset allocation and suggest adjustments if necessary to align with your retirement goals.
Increase Savings: If there's a shortfall, consider ways to increase your monthly savings by reviewing expenses or increasing income.
By planning and potentially making some adjustments, you can be well on your way to achieving your desired retirement income.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4628 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 20, 2024Hindi
Hello Sir, need your advice on retirement planning. I am 40 years old and want to retire in another 5 years. I have 3 dependents to take care of(wife and 2 school going kids) and I am the only bread earner in my family. I currently have total savings of 1.5 cr and own a house. I am paying emi of 50 k per month and outstanding balance in 12 lakhs. Apart from that I dont have any other EMIs. Please let me know how much i might need to cover my future expenses. Note: I have also taken term insurance of 1 cr..
Ans: I appreciate you reaching out for advice on such an important matter. Retirement planning is crucial, especially when you have dependents relying on you. At 40 years old and aiming to retire in 5 years, you have a clear goal. Let’s break down your situation and develop a robust plan to ensure a comfortable retirement.

Evaluating Your Current Financial Situation
You’ve done a commendable job accumulating savings of Rs 1.5 crore and owning a house. Additionally, having term insurance of Rs 1 crore is a wise step for safeguarding your family’s future. Your current monthly EMI of Rs 50,000 with an outstanding balance of Rs 12 lakhs is manageable given your financial standing.

Understanding Your Retirement Goals
Retiring in 5 years at the age of 45 is ambitious but achievable with careful planning. You have three dependents: your wife and two school-going kids. Ensuring their financial security during your retirement is paramount.

Here’s a comprehensive plan to help you achieve your retirement goals:

Calculating Your Retirement Corpus
To ensure a comfortable retirement, we need to estimate your future expenses. These expenses will cover:

Household expenses
Children’s education
Healthcare costs
Leisure and lifestyle
You need to consider inflation, which increases the cost of living over time. It’s crucial to create a corpus that will sustain you through retirement without compromising on your standard of living.

Clearing Existing Liabilities
Your EMI of Rs 50,000 with an outstanding loan balance of Rs 12 lakhs should be a priority. Clearing this loan within the next 5 years will free up a significant portion of your monthly income, allowing you to redirect those funds towards savings and investments.

Consider making additional payments towards your principal whenever possible. This will reduce your loan tenure and interest burden, helping you achieve debt-free status faster.

Enhancing Your Savings and Investments
You have Rs 1.5 crore in savings, which is an excellent foundation. To enhance your retirement corpus, consider these investment strategies:

Actively Managed Mutual Funds
Actively managed mutual funds can be a great way to grow your wealth. Unlike index funds, these funds are managed by professional fund managers who actively make investment decisions to outperform the market.

Professional Expertise: Fund managers use their expertise to make informed investment choices, aiming for higher returns.

Flexibility: These funds can adjust to market conditions, potentially offering better returns compared to passive index funds.

Diversification: Investing in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds can spread risk and enhance growth potential.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
SIPs are a disciplined way to invest regularly. They allow you to invest a fixed amount periodically, which can help in building a substantial corpus over time through the power of compounding.

Rupee Cost Averaging: SIPs help mitigate market volatility by averaging the purchase cost of your investments over time.

Long-Term Growth: Consistent investment in equity mutual funds through SIPs can provide significant long-term returns.

National Pension System (NPS)
If not already contributing, consider the National Pension System (NPS) for additional retirement savings. NPS offers a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities, providing a balanced risk-reward ratio.

Tax Benefits: Contributions to NPS provide tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD.

Long-Term Growth: Higher equity allocation within NPS can offer substantial growth over time.

Evaluating Insurance Coverage
You have a term insurance of Rs 1 crore, which is crucial for financial protection. It’s also important to review your health insurance coverage to ensure it’s adequate for your family’s needs. Medical expenses can be a significant burden, and having comprehensive health insurance is essential.

Planning for Children's Education
Your children’s education is a major future expense. Planning and investing specifically for this goal will ensure you can provide them with quality education without straining your retirement corpus.

Education Savings Plan: Consider dedicated education savings plans or child-specific mutual funds to accumulate a sufficient fund for their higher education.

Goal-Based Investing: Align investments with the timeline for your children’s educational milestones. SIPs in equity mutual funds can be a good strategy for long-term goals like higher education.

Building an Emergency Fund
Before making new investments, ensure you have an adequate emergency fund. This fund should cover 6-12 months of living expenses, providing a financial cushion for unexpected situations like medical emergencies or job loss.

Having an emergency fund ensures that you won’t need to dip into your long-term investments during a financial crunch, thereby protecting your investment growth.

Managing Post-Retirement Income
Post-retirement, generating a steady income stream will be essential. Here are a few strategies to consider:

Dividend-Paying Stocks and Mutual Funds
Investing in dividend-paying stocks and mutual funds can provide a regular income stream. These investments not only offer growth potential but also generate periodic income.

Stable Income: Dividends provide a reliable income source, which can supplement your retirement corpus.

Growth Potential: Investing in growth-oriented companies ensures your capital continues to appreciate.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs)
SWPs in mutual funds allow you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly, providing a steady income stream while keeping your capital invested and growing.

Regular Income: SWPs ensure a consistent cash flow to meet your monthly expenses.

Capital Appreciation: The remaining invested amount continues to grow, providing long-term sustainability.

Inflation Protection
Inflation can erode the purchasing power of your retirement corpus over time. Investing in assets that provide inflation-adjusted returns is crucial to maintain your standard of living.

Equity Investments: Historically, equities have provided returns that outpace inflation, making them a good choice for long-term growth.

Real Assets: Though we avoid direct real estate recommendations, investing in assets like gold can provide a hedge against inflation.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning can help you maximize your retirement savings. Consider these strategies:

Tax-Advantaged Accounts: Utilize investment options like PPF, EPF, and NPS, which offer tax benefits under various sections of the Income Tax Act.

Tax-Efficient Withdrawals: Plan your withdrawals in a tax-efficient manner to minimize tax liability and maximize your net income.

Final Insights
Retiring in 5 years at the age of 45 is an ambitious goal, but with careful planning and disciplined execution, it’s achievable. Focus on clearing your existing liabilities, enhancing your savings, and making smart investment choices to build a robust retirement corpus.

Your current savings, combined with strategic investments in actively managed mutual funds, SIPs, and NPS, can provide the growth needed to meet your retirement goals. Ensure you have adequate insurance coverage and an emergency fund to protect against unforeseen expenses.

Planning for your children’s education and managing post-retirement income through dividend-paying investments and SWPs will ensure financial security for your family. Keep inflation in mind and invest in assets that provide inflation-adjusted returns to maintain your standard of living.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4628 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

I am minimalist. I am 60 with no physical and mental ailment. I am self dependent and self disciplined. Neither me depending on any one nor any one depending on me. In other words I am single. I have a corpus of 50lacs in mutual fund 70%in balanced fund and 30%in equity. 5 lacs mediclaim and 50 lacs term plan and 25 lacs traditional insurance. No loan (personal loan or Home loan)commitment. I am getting regular income for my survival, and enough for me as minimalist. Now should I need to reshuffle the investment.
Ans: First, let's appreciate your financial discipline and self-reliance. At 60, having no physical or mental ailments and being self-dependent is commendable. Your investment portfolio is well-structured with a Rs. 50 lacs corpus in mutual funds, 70% in balanced funds, and 30% in equity. Additionally, you have Rs. 5 lacs mediclaim, Rs. 50 lacs term plan, and Rs. 25 lacs traditional insurance. No loan commitments are an excellent position to be in, providing peace of mind and financial stability.

Evaluating Your Investment Portfolio
Balanced Funds
Balanced funds are a mix of equity and debt. They provide moderate returns with relatively lower risk. Having 70% of your corpus in balanced funds shows a prudent approach. This allocation ensures you benefit from equity market growth while the debt component offers stability.

Equity Funds
Equity funds, which form 30% of your portfolio, are growth-oriented. They have the potential for higher returns but come with higher risk. Given your age and minimalist lifestyle, this allocation is reasonable, balancing growth potential and risk.

Insurance Policies
Your insurance coverage is comprehensive. The Rs. 5 lacs mediclaim ensures you are covered for medical emergencies. The Rs. 50 lacs term plan provides a safety net for unexpected events. The Rs. 25 lacs traditional insurance adds another layer of financial security.

Possible Adjustments to Your Portfolio
Reviewing Balanced Funds Allocation
While balanced funds offer stability, review their performance regularly. Ensure they align with your financial goals and risk tolerance. If any fund underperforms, consider switching to a better-performing balanced fund.

Assessing Equity Funds
Equity funds are subject to market volatility. Given the current market conditions, it might be wise to review these investments. Ensure the equity funds you hold are actively managed and have a good track record. This can help maximize returns while managing risk.

Traditional Insurance
Traditional insurance plans often offer lower returns compared to mutual funds. However, they provide guaranteed benefits and added security. Given your minimalist lifestyle, keeping this insurance as a safety net is wise.

Investment Strategy Moving Forward
Diversifying your portfolio can reduce risk and improve returns. Consider adding different types of mutual funds, like debt funds, to your portfolio. This can offer better stability and steady returns.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. This ensures your investments remain aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance. A certified financial planner can assist with this process, providing expert advice and insights.

Health Insurance Coverage
Your Rs. 5 lacs mediclaim is crucial. However, with rising healthcare costs, consider enhancing this cover. Additional health insurance can provide better coverage and peace of mind.

Financial Goals and Time Horizon
Clearly define your financial goals and investment time horizon. This helps in choosing the right investment options and strategies. Given your minimalist lifestyle, your focus might be on preserving capital and ensuring a steady income.

Benefits of Professional Advice
Expertise and Insights
A certified financial planner offers expert advice, helping you make informed decisions. They provide insights into market trends, investment options, and financial planning strategies.

Personalized Financial Plan
A certified financial planner creates a personalized financial plan. This plan is tailored to your financial goals, risk tolerance, and lifestyle needs.

Regular Monitoring and Adjustments
Financial planners monitor your portfolio regularly. They make necessary adjustments to ensure your investments remain aligned with your goals.

Peace of Mind
Having a professional manage your investments provides peace of mind. You can focus on enjoying your life, knowing your finances are in good hands.

Final Insights
Your current financial situation is commendable. With a well-structured investment portfolio, comprehensive insurance coverage, and no loan commitments, you are in a strong position. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your investments can help ensure continued financial stability.

Consider seeking the advice of a certified financial planner to optimize your portfolio. They can provide expert guidance, helping you make the most of your investments and achieve your financial goals. Your minimalist lifestyle and disciplined approach are key strengths. Continue leveraging them to maintain and grow your financial health.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4628 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 04, 2024Hindi
Sir I am 48 and qant to retire by 55. I have 62 lakhs in Mutual funds (SIP) with monthly investment of rs 40000/month . PF corpus of 40 lakhs , PPF of 25lakhs , fixed property one 3BHK & One 2BHK , 5 acres crop land . I want 1.5lakhs /month post retirement . Your advice please
Ans: Retirement planning is essential for a comfortable and stress-free life. At 48, you have a solid foundation, but it is crucial to refine your strategy to ensure your retirement goals are met. Let’s delve into various aspects to create a robust plan.

Current Financial Snapshot
Mutual Funds
You have Rs 62 lakhs in mutual funds through SIPs, investing Rs 40,000 monthly. This is a strong base and indicates a disciplined approach to wealth creation.

Provident Fund
Your PF corpus of Rs 40 lakhs adds a significant cushion to your retirement fund. PF is a stable and low-risk investment, ensuring consistent growth.

Public Provident Fund
With Rs 25 lakhs in PPF, you have another reliable source of tax-free returns. PPF is an excellent long-term investment with good compounding benefits.

Real Estate
Owning a 3BHK and a 2BHK, along with 5 acres of crop land, provides tangible assets. While real estate offers security, consider its liquidity and maintenance costs.

Retirement Income Needs
Monthly Requirement
You aim for Rs 1.5 lakhs per month post-retirement. This amount should cover your living expenses, healthcare, and leisure activities.

Investment Strategy
Mutual Funds
Actively Managed Funds: Actively managed funds outperform index funds over time. They provide the advantage of professional management, aiming for higher returns. This approach ensures better alignment with market conditions.

Regular Funds vs. Direct Funds: Regular funds, managed by a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), offer personalized advice. The expertise of a CFP helps in navigating market complexities and adjusting the portfolio as needed.

Provident Fund and PPF
Consistency and Growth: Continue investing in PF and PPF to ensure steady growth and tax benefits. These funds provide stability to your retirement corpus.

Balanced Portfolio: Maintain a balanced portfolio with a mix of equity and debt. This balance mitigates risks and ensures steady growth. Diversify across various sectors and asset classes.

Crop Land
Agricultural Income: Utilize your crop land for consistent agricultural income. Explore sustainable farming practices or leasing options to maximize returns.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Future Value: Estimate the future value of your current investments. Regular reviews and adjustments by a CFP will help achieve your target corpus. Ensure your investments grow to meet your post-retirement needs.

Adjusting Investment Strategy
Increasing SIPs
Boost SIP Contributions: Consider increasing your SIP contributions gradually. This will enhance your mutual fund corpus over time, ensuring better returns.

Exploring New Avenues
Equity Funds: Allocate a portion of your portfolio to high-performing equity funds. Equities have the potential for higher returns, aiding in building a substantial corpus.

Debt Funds: Include debt funds for stability and regular income. Debt funds balance the risk-return equation, providing a safety net against market volatility.

Regular Reviews
Annual Check-ups: Conduct annual reviews of your portfolio with a CFP. Regular assessments ensure your investments are on track and aligned with your goals.

Healthcare and Emergency Fund
Health Insurance
Comprehensive Coverage: Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance coverage. Healthcare costs can be significant, and insurance protects your savings.

Emergency Fund
Accessible Savings: Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible for unforeseen situations.

Lifestyle and Expenses
Cost of Living
Inflation Adjustment: Factor in inflation while planning your post-retirement expenses. Ensure your corpus can sustain your lifestyle for the long term.

Lifestyle Choices
Budget Planning: Plan your budget to include leisure activities and hobbies. A well-balanced life post-retirement contributes to overall happiness and well-being.

Tax Planning
Efficient Tax Management
Tax-saving Instruments: Utilize tax-saving instruments to minimize tax liabilities. Investments in PPF, ELSS, and other tax-saving schemes help in efficient tax planning.

Withdrawals and Taxes
Planned Withdrawals: Plan your withdrawals from various investments to minimize tax impact. Consult with a CFP for tax-efficient withdrawal strategies.

Estate Planning
Will and Testament
Legal Documentation: Ensure you have a will in place. Proper estate planning ensures your assets are distributed according to your wishes.

Nomination and Succession
Clear Nominations: Review and update nominations for all your investments. Clear succession planning avoids legal complications and ensures smooth asset transfer.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner
Expert Advice: Engage with a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. A CFP provides comprehensive financial planning, helping you achieve your retirement goals.

Regular Consultations
Ongoing Support: Regular consultations with your CFP ensure your plan adapts to changing circumstances. Continuous support helps in making informed decisions.

Final Insights
Planning for retirement is a continuous journey. You have a strong foundation with your current investments. Regular contributions, diversified portfolio, and professional guidance are key. Ensure your investments align with your goals, providing a secure and comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4628 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir/Madam, I am 37 years old government employee. I have a wife, 4 years old son and 3 years old daughter. I don't have any investment. Please advise good portfolio for mutual fund considering 30K available at hand for investment till retirement @60years. Thanks
Ans: Let's understand your situation better. You are 37, a government employee, with a wife, a 4-year-old son, and a 3-year-old daughter. You have Rs 30,000 monthly to invest until retirement at 60. Your main goals are likely to secure your children's education, build a retirement corpus, and ensure financial stability.

Why Mutual Funds?
Mutual funds offer diversification, professional management, and potential for good returns. They're a solid choice for long-term goals like retirement and children's education.

Asset Allocation Strategy
Asset allocation is key. It balances risk and return. At 37, with a long-term horizon, you can afford a higher allocation in equities. Here's a suggested breakdown:

Equity Mutual Funds (70%): For growth.
Debt Mutual Funds (20%): For stability.
Hybrid Funds (10%): For balanced growth and stability.
Equity Mutual Funds
Equity funds invest in stocks. They offer high growth potential. Given your age and goals, focus on:

Large-Cap Funds: For stability and steady growth.
Mid-Cap Funds: For higher growth potential with moderate risk.
Small-Cap Funds: For aggressive growth but higher risk.
Diversifying across these categories reduces risk.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities. They provide stability and lower risk. Consider:

Short-Term Debt Funds: Less sensitive to interest rate changes.
Corporate Bond Funds: Offer higher returns than government bonds.
Liquid Funds: For emergency funds, as they are highly liquid.
Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds combine equity and debt. They offer balanced risk and return. Suitable types include:

Aggressive Hybrid Funds: Higher equity component.
Balanced Hybrid Funds: Equal mix of equity and debt.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Investing through SIPs is a disciplined approach. It averages out market volatility. With Rs 30,000, you can allocate SIPs across different funds:

Large-Cap Fund: Rs 10,000
Mid-Cap Fund: Rs 7,000
Small-Cap Fund: Rs 4,000
Debt Fund: Rs 5,000
Hybrid Fund: Rs 4,000
Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regular rebalancing is crucial. It maintains your desired asset allocation. Review your portfolio annually. Shift profits from high-performing assets to underperforming ones.

Tax Efficiency
Mutual funds offer tax benefits. Equity funds held for over a year are subject to long-term capital gains tax (LTCG) at 10% for gains above Rs 1 lakh. Debt funds held for over three years benefit from indexation, reducing tax liability.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund. It should cover 6-12 months of expenses. Use liquid funds for this. They're accessible and offer better returns than savings accounts.

Children's Education
Consider investing in dedicated children's funds. They provide for education expenses. Start SIPs in equity funds with a long-term horizon. Use debt funds for short-term needs.

Retirement Planning
Focus on building a substantial retirement corpus. Your monthly SIPs in equity and hybrid funds will grow over time. As you near retirement, gradually shift to more debt funds to preserve capital.

Risk Management
Diversify to manage risk. Avoid putting all your money in one type of fund. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio based on performance and changing goals.

Avoid Common Pitfalls
Avoid Timing the Market: It's risky and often unprofitable. Stick to your SIPs.
Don't Panic During Market Volatility: Stay invested for the long term.
Avoid Over-diversification: Too many funds can dilute returns and complicate management.
Professional Guidance
Seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). They provide personalized advice, aligning with your goals and risk tolerance.

You're making a wise decision by planning your investments. It's commendable to think about your family's future and your retirement. This proactive approach will pay off in the long run.

We understand that starting investments can be daunting. It's natural to feel uncertain. With a clear plan and consistent approach, you'll build a secure financial future for your family.

Final Insights
Investing Rs 30,000 monthly in mutual funds is a solid strategy. Diversify across equity, debt, and hybrid funds. Use SIPs for disciplined investing. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. Maintain an emergency fund and plan for children's education and retirement. Avoid common pitfalls and seek professional guidance when needed. You're on the right path to a secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Mayank Chandel  |1481 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024


Mayank Chandel  |1481 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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