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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 21, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 21, 2024Hindi

Hi, Im 58,retired from services.I have 1cr direct investment in stocks,60 lacs in FD and 10 lacs in sb account. I donot have any liabilities as of now.Have a daughter in the final yr UG,will pursue PG and then planning for her marriage. How to plan for the marriage expenses and my post retirement period with a life expentancy of say 85 yrs.

Ans: First of all, congratulations on reaching a significant milestone in your life – retirement. You've managed your finances well so far, and it’s admirable how you’re planning for your daughter's education and marriage. Let's dive into your financial situation and make a solid plan for your future.

Current Financial Situation

You have Rs. 1 crore directly invested in stocks, Rs. 60 lakhs in Fixed Deposits (FDs), and Rs. 10 lakhs in a savings bank (SB) account. Your daughter is in her final year of undergraduate studies and will be pursuing postgraduate studies before her marriage. You also have no liabilities, which is a strong position to be in.

Planning for Your Daughter’s Marriage and Education

Marriage expenses can be significant, and you want to ensure that you're financially prepared. It's important to start planning and setting aside funds specifically for this purpose. Here are some steps you can take:

Education Fund

Estimate the Cost: Determine the approximate cost for your daughter’s postgraduate education. Include tuition, accommodation, books, and other expenses.

Allocate Funds: Since education is a near-term goal, you can use a portion of your Fixed Deposits to cover these expenses. FDs are low-risk and provide assured returns, making them suitable for short-term needs.

Regular Monitoring: Keep track of the costs and make adjustments as necessary. Educational expenses can vary, and it's good to be flexible.

Marriage Fund

Estimate the Costs: Start by estimating the cost of your daughter's marriage. Consider expenses like venue, catering, jewelry, and other traditional expenditures.

Create a Separate Fund: Set aside a specific amount from your current investments for her marriage. Given the timeline, a mix of debt and equity mutual funds could be a good option to grow this fund while managing risk.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): If you prefer not to withdraw a lump sum from your FDs, consider starting a SIP in mutual funds. This helps in accumulating a corpus over time and also benefits from rupee cost averaging.

Post-Retirement Planning

Planning for your post-retirement years is crucial, especially considering a life expectancy of 85 years. You need to ensure a stable and inflation-adjusted income stream for the next 27 years. Here’s how you can go about it:

Reevaluate Your Stock Investments

Direct stock investments come with high volatility and risk. While they can offer good returns, they require active monitoring and management, which might not be ideal during retirement.

Disadvantages of Direct Equity Investing

High Risk and Volatility: Stock prices can fluctuate widely due to market conditions, economic changes, and company performance. This can lead to significant financial stress, especially when you rely on this investment for regular income.

Time-Consuming: Managing a stock portfolio requires constant attention, research, and decision-making. This can be challenging during retirement when you might prefer to spend time on leisure and other activities.

Lack of Diversification: Direct stock investments often lack the diversification that mutual funds provide. This increases the risk as your investments are concentrated in fewer companies.

Benefits of Mutual Funds

Professional Management: Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who have the expertise and resources to make informed investment decisions.

Diversification: Mutual funds invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks and bonds, which helps in spreading risk and reducing the impact of poor performance by any single investment.

Regular Income through SWP: Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs) allow you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments regularly. This provides a steady income stream to meet your post-retirement expenses.

Action Plan for Your Stock Investments

Gradual Consolidation: Start consolidating your direct stock investments and gradually reinvest the proceeds into diversified mutual funds. This helps in reducing risk and ensuring professional management of your investments.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP): Seek guidance from a CFP to choose the right mutual funds based on your risk profile, financial goals, and investment horizon.

Fixed Deposits and Savings Account

FDs for Stability: Your Rs. 60 lakhs in FDs provides stability and assured returns. However, FDs may not keep pace with inflation, especially in the long term.

Reallocate Part of FDs: Consider reallocating a portion of your FDs into debt mutual funds. These funds offer better returns than FDs and are relatively low-risk.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund in your savings account for unexpected expenses. Ideally, this should cover 6-12 months of living expenses.

Regular Funds vs. Direct Funds

When investing in mutual funds, you have the option to choose between direct funds and regular funds. Here’s why regular funds might be more suitable for you:

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Self-Management: Direct funds require you to research, choose, and manage your investments without any professional assistance. This can be time-consuming and complex, especially during retirement.

Lack of Guidance: You might miss out on valuable advice and insights that a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide. This can impact your investment decisions and overall portfolio performance.

Benefits of Regular Funds through a CFP

Expert Advice: A CFP helps you choose the right mutual funds based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Their expertise ensures that your investments are well-aligned with your retirement plan.

Portfolio Monitoring: Regular funds come with ongoing monitoring and adjustments by your CFP. This helps in optimizing returns and managing risks effectively.

Holistic Financial Planning: A CFP provides comprehensive financial planning services, including tax planning, estate planning, and goal-based investing, ensuring that all aspects of your financial life are taken care of.

Creating a Sustainable Income Stream

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): As mentioned earlier, an SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly from your mutual fund investments. This can be set up to provide you with a monthly income to cover your living expenses.

Diversified Portfolio: Ensure that your mutual fund portfolio is well-diversified across different asset classes, such as equity, debt, and hybrid funds. This helps in balancing risk and return.

Review and Rebalance: Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio with the help of your CFP. This ensures that your investments remain aligned with your financial goals and market conditions.

Managing Inflation and Longevity Risk

Inflation Protection: Invest a portion of your portfolio in equity mutual funds to protect against inflation. Equities have the potential to deliver higher returns over the long term, which can help in maintaining your purchasing power.

Longevity Risk: Ensure that your retirement plan accounts for a longer life expectancy. Having a well-diversified portfolio and a steady income stream through SWP helps in managing longevity risk.

Healthcare and Insurance

Health Insurance: Ensure that you have adequate health insurance coverage to manage medical expenses. Review your existing policy and consider top-up plans if necessary.

Critical Illness Cover: Consider adding a critical illness cover to your health insurance. This provides a lump sum benefit in case of diagnosis of critical illnesses, ensuring that your savings are not depleted by medical costs.

Tax Planning

Tax-Efficient Investments: Opt for tax-efficient investment options like Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) and National Pension System (NPS) to reduce your tax liability.

SWP Taxation: Understand the tax implications of SWP withdrawals. Long-term capital gains from equity mutual funds are tax-efficient, but it’s important to plan for any tax liabilities.

Senior Citizen Benefits: Take advantage of tax benefits available for senior citizens, such as higher exemption limits and deductions on health insurance premiums.

Estate Planning

Will and Nomination: Ensure that you have a valid will in place and update nominations for all your investments. This ensures a smooth transfer of assets to your beneficiaries.

Power of Attorney: Consider appointing a trusted person as your power of attorney to manage your financial affairs in case you are unable to do so.

Trusts: If you have substantial assets, you might want to explore setting up a trust to manage and protect your wealth for future generations.

Final Insights

You have done an excellent job managing your finances and securing your future. By consolidating your direct stock investments into mutual funds and setting up an SWP, you can ensure a steady income stream while reducing risk. Allocating funds for your daughter’s education and marriage will provide financial security and peace of mind. Engaging with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) will help you navigate the complexities of retirement planning and make informed decisions.

Remember to regularly review and adjust your financial plan to adapt to changing circumstances and market conditions. With careful planning and prudent investments, you can enjoy a comfortable and worry-free retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

Asked on - Jun 21, 2024 | Answered on Jun 22, 2024
Thank you so much for your insights. Let me revisit and set an action plan based on your inputs. Thank you
Ans: You're welcome! If you have any more questions or need further assistance, feel free to ask. Best wishes on your financial journey!

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 09, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 04, 2024Hindi
I am retiring on 31 March 2024 from a private company . My age is 55. My investment is around 1.20 cr in Mutual funds, 38L in PPF 10L in FD. I want 10L to keep aside for my daughter's marriage and I need 60k for monthly exp. How should I plan for it? Request your advice.
Ans: Congratulations on your upcoming retirement! It's crucial to plan your finances carefully to ensure a comfortable retirement lifestyle and meet your financial goals. Let's devise a strategy to address your needs:
1. Monthly Expenses: With a monthly expense requirement of 60k, we'll first ensure that your investment portfolio generates sufficient passive income to cover this expense. Considering your retirement corpus and expected returns, we'll create a withdrawal strategy to meet your monthly cash flow needs.
2. Investment Portfolio: Your investment portfolio of 1.20 cr in mutual funds, 38L in PPF, and 10L in FD provides a solid foundation. We'll assess the asset allocation and risk profile of your investments to ensure they align with your retirement goals and risk tolerance.
3. Monthly Income Generation: We'll structure your investment portfolio to generate regular income streams to cover your monthly expenses. This may include dividends from mutual funds, interest income from fixed deposits, and partial withdrawals from PPF.
4. Emergency Fund: It's essential to maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses or emergencies. We'll set aside a portion of your corpus as an emergency fund, typically equivalent to 6-12 months' worth of expenses, to provide financial security during retirement.
5. Daughter's Marriage Fund: We'll allocate 10L from your investment corpus specifically for your daughter's marriage. Depending on the timeline of the event, we may consider investing this amount in relatively low-risk instruments to preserve capital while earning moderate returns.
6. Tax Planning: We'll also review your tax implications post-retirement and optimize your investment strategy to minimize tax outflows while maximizing tax-efficient returns.
7. Regular Review: Regularly review your investment portfolio and financial plan to ensure it remains aligned with your retirement goals and evolving financial needs. Adjustments may be necessary based on changing market conditions, inflation, or personal circumstances.
By carefully planning your retirement finances, you can achieve financial independence and enjoy a fulfilling retirement lifestyle while meeting your daughter's marriage expenses.
Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 29, 2024

I am Ashish aged 52. I recently resigned from my job. At present i have following investments Rs 42 L shares 77 L Mutual Fund 25 L in PPF 15 L in one SBI insurance policy. I am expected to get 39 L from PF and gratuity. Also expected to get 22 Lakhs from LIC in 2030 and pension from LIC @ 2500/ per month from 2027. I do not have any loans nor my child education is pending. My son is appearing for CA finals. Only Group 1 of Finals is pending. My wife is a professional baker and is making around 40 K per month. My monthly expenses are 60 k. Pls guide how can i plan. At present i have 29 K SIP which i am planning to continue and is not included in 60 K expenses
Ans: Ashish, you've built a solid foundation with your investments and your wife's entrepreneurial spirit. It's admirable how you've planned ahead, especially with your son's education and your retirement in mind. Now, as you transition into this new phase of life, it's time to ensure your financial security. Have you considered diversifying your investments to spread the risk? And with your son's CA finals approaching, perhaps setting aside some funds for his future endeavors could provide peace of mind. Remember, life is a journey, and financial planning is just one part of it. Cherish the moments with your loved ones and embrace the changes that come your way. A Certified Financial Planner can help navigate this journey with expertise and care. Stay focused, stay resilient, and may your future be as fulfilling as your past achievements.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 01, 2024

Good day Mr Ramalingam, I am 43 years in govt service PGrade 12A and scheduled to retire in 2036. I have a pensionable service. I have 2 children- son is 14 years who want to join Merchant Navy or study law after 10 + 2. My daughter is 9 yrs and has 65% disabilities. I own a house worth 50 L for which i have a HBL till 2032 and pay 30000 EMI. I have MF of 9 L and invest 15k monthly. I get a monthly rent of 16 k from my house. I have no rental outflow as i stay in govt accommodation. I invest monthly 2 K in SSY which has a balance of 2L. I have 3 LICs which will mature in 2030-35 and give value of 30-40 L. My wife has a house from her father worth 50 L but the rent is being used by her father. Pl advice me how to plan my finances till 2036 and thereafter post retirement.
Ans: Given your financial situation and goals, here's a comprehensive plan to manage your finances till retirement in 2036 and beyond:

Evaluate LIC Policies: Assess the terms and conditions of your LIC policies to determine if surrendering them is a viable option. Consider factors like surrender value, potential penalties, and the returns you could get from alternative investments.
Education Planning for Children:
For your son: If he wants to join the Merchant Navy or study law, start setting aside funds for his education accordingly. Consider investment options like mutual funds or education-specific savings plans to ensure you have sufficient funds when needed.
For your daughter: Given her disability, prioritize setting up a special needs trust or account to ensure she's financially supported throughout her life.
Retirement Planning:
Calculate your retirement corpus requirement based on your current expenses, expected inflation, and post-retirement lifestyle.
Continue investing in instruments like Mutual Funds (MF) to build a retirement corpus. Since you have a pensionable service, factor in your pension benefits while estimating your retirement income.
Consider diversifying your investments to reduce risk and maximize returns. Consult a financial advisor to tailor an investment strategy that aligns with your risk tolerance and goals.
Real Estate Management:
Continue paying off your Home Loan (HBL) until its maturity in 2032. Consider increasing your EMI payments if possible to shorten the loan tenure and reduce interest payments.
Monitor the rental income from your house and ensure it covers your EMI payments and provides additional income. Consider revising the rent periodically to reflect market rates.
Health and Insurance:
Review your health insurance coverage to ensure it adequately covers your family's medical needs, especially considering your daughter's disability.
Consider purchasing disability insurance to provide financial protection in case of unexpected events.
Post-Retirement Lifestyle:
Estimate your post-retirement expenses, including healthcare, leisure activities, and any additional support your daughter may require.
Explore options for generating passive income post-retirement, such as rental income, dividends from investments, or annuities.
Estate Planning:
Create or update your will to ensure your assets are distributed according to your wishes, taking into account your daughter's special needs.
Consider setting up a trust to manage your assets for the benefit of your daughter and other beneficiaries after your lifetime.
Regular Review and Adjustments:
Regularly review your financial plan to track progress towards your goals and make adjustments as needed, considering changes in income, expenses, and market conditions.
By following these steps and seeking professional financial advice when needed, you can effectively manage your finances till retirement and secure a comfortable future for you and your family.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Hi Iam 42 M, salary 26L, PF 28L. PPF 3.5L, NPS-4L, MF 4.5L, have shares 8L, LIC premium paying 90K per year. House rent 24k per month. Own house no loan, can invest 60K-1L per month. Daughter in 7th, want to have a financial plan for her higher studies (Engineering or Medical) and her Marriage. And also for my retirement with 1 Cr.. Can you suggest how to plan for education, marriage and my retirement ? Shall I put different funds for each goal? Shall I put a single funds to cater to all 3 Goals.
Ans: Understanding Your Financial Situation
Salary: Rs 26 lakh annually
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 28 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 3.5 lakh
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 4 lakh
Mutual Funds (MF): Rs 4.5 lakh
Shares: Rs 8 lakh
LIC Premium: Rs 90k per year
House Rent: Rs 24k per month
Own House: No loan
Potential Monthly Investment: Rs 60k - 1 lakh
Daughter’s Higher Education (Engineering or Medical)
Daughter’s Marriage
Your Retirement with Rs 1 crore
Financial Plan for Each Goal
Daughter's Higher Education
Timeline: 5-6 years
Investment Strategy:
Invest Rs 20k per month in equity mutual funds.
Choose a mix of large-cap and diversified funds.
Consider systematic investment plans (SIPs) for disciplined investing.
Utilize education-oriented funds for focused growth.
Daughter's Marriage
Timeline: 10-12 years
Investment Strategy:
Invest Rs 15k per month in a combination of balanced and equity funds.
Allocate a portion to gold investments for diversification.
Utilize SIPs for consistent growth and rupee cost averaging.
Review and adjust the portfolio based on market conditions.
Your Retirement
Timeline: 18 years
Investment Strategy:
Invest Rs 25k per month in diversified equity mutual funds.
Increase contribution to NPS for tax benefits and long-term growth.
Maintain and increase contributions to PPF.
Ensure a balanced portfolio with a mix of equity, debt, and gold.
Consider a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) for steady post-retirement income.
Portfolio Allocation
Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: For higher returns and long-term growth.
Balanced Funds: For stability and moderate growth.
Debt Funds: For safety and regular income.
Gold Investments: For diversification and inflation hedge.
Provident Fund (PF) and NPS
Provident Fund (PF): Continue contributions for safe, long-term returns.
National Pension System (NPS): Increase yearly contributions for additional tax benefits and retirement corpus growth.
Insurance and Risk Management
Life Insurance: Ensure adequate coverage to protect your family.
Health Insurance: Consider a family floater plan to cover all members.
Creating Separate Funds for Each Goal
Education Fund: Focused on growth with equity investments.
Marriage Fund: Balanced with equity and gold.
Retirement Fund: Diversified with equity, debt, and PPF/NPS.
Additional Tips
Emergency Fund: Keep at least 6 months of expenses in a liquid fund.
Review and Rebalance: Regularly review your portfolio and adjust allocations.
Increase Investments: Gradually increase your SIP amounts as your income grows.
Tax Planning: Utilize tax-saving instruments to optimize your tax liability.
Final Insights
By strategically allocating your investments, you can achieve your goals. Separate funds for each goal provide clarity and focus. Regular reviews and adjustments will keep you on track. Continue disciplined saving and investing to build a secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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