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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 11, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Gagandeep Question by Gagandeep on Jun 28, 2024Hindi
Money

Hello sir, Hope your are doing good, I'm 30 year , Earn 80k/ Per month in hand ,single, Having car loan of 12 Lakhs which started this month paying 22k in that, Having stock of Rs 5 lakhs. PF of 1 lakhs , Pls suggest - 1. From next month plan to start sip of 15k which is best to invest , I've shortlisted IN SMALL CAP - Quant , Nippon In TAX SAVER- Quant, bandhan, parag parikh In MID CAP - HDFC mid opportunity fund. Which one to go or you can add to make Portfolio balance. 2. In 80C which is best investment to add like I'm doing SIP I can go for ELSS or else ? 3. Planning to retire at 50/55 with corpus of 10 to 12 cr is it possible? 4. Should I invest in Quant MF as there is front running news going on.

Ans: It’s great that you’re planning your investments and thinking ahead about your retirement. Let's dive into your queries one by one, keeping it detailed yet simple.

1. SIP Investment Options

Starting a SIP of Rs. 15,000 is a smart move. Here’s how you can balance your portfolio:

Small Cap Funds: Small-cap funds have the potential for high growth but come with higher risk. A balanced approach can help.

Tax Saver Funds (ELSS): These funds offer tax benefits under 80C and have a lock-in period of 3 years. They also provide good returns, making them an excellent choice for long-term investments.

Mid Cap Funds: Mid-cap funds provide a balance between the high risk of small-cap funds and the stability of large-cap funds.

You’ve shortlisted some good funds. To balance your portfolio, diversify across these categories. Consider spreading your Rs. 15,000 SIP into small-cap, tax saver, and mid-cap funds equally or as per your risk appetite.

2. Best 80C Investments

For 80C investments, ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) is one of the best options. It offers tax benefits and the potential for high returns due to equity exposure. The lock-in period is just three years, which is lower compared to other 80C options.

Apart from ELSS, you can also consider:

Public Provident Fund (PPF): It offers a fixed return and is government-backed, making it a safe option.

National Savings Certificate (NSC): Another safe option with a fixed return and tax benefits.

Combining ELSS for equity exposure and PPF or NSC for stability can create a balanced 80C investment portfolio.

3. Retirement Planning

Planning to retire at 50/55 with a corpus of Rs. 10 to 12 crores is ambitious but achievable. Given your current income and investment habits, you’re on the right path. Here are some steps to reach your goal:

Increase SIP Amount Gradually: As your income grows, try to increase your SIP amount. This will significantly boost your corpus over time.

Diversify Investments: Don’t put all your money into one type of fund. Diversify across different types of mutual funds (large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, ELSS) and other investment avenues.

Reinvest Dividends: Choose the growth option in mutual funds to reinvest dividends. This can compound your returns over time.

Regular Review: Periodically review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals and market conditions. Rebalance if necessary.

4. Investing in Quant Mutual Funds

The news about front running in Quant Mutual Funds can be concerning. It's important to consider the credibility and performance consistency of any fund. If you’re unsure, diversify your investments across different fund houses to mitigate risks.

Advantages of Mutual Funds

Diversification: Mutual funds offer diversification, reducing the risk by investing in a mix of assets.

Professional Management: Funds are managed by experienced professionals who make investment decisions based on research and analysis.

Liquidity: Mutual funds offer liquidity, allowing you to redeem your investments as needed.

Compounding: The power of compounding in mutual funds can significantly grow your wealth over time, especially with SIPs.

Types of Mutual Funds

Equity Funds: Invest in stocks, offering high returns with higher risk. Suitable for long-term goals.

Debt Funds: Invest in fixed-income securities, offering lower risk and steady returns. Good for short to medium-term goals.

Hybrid Funds: Combine equity and debt, providing a balance of risk and return.

ELSS: Offers tax benefits under 80C, with equity exposure and a lock-in period of 3 years.

Risk and Returns

Mutual funds come with varying degrees of risk. Equity funds are high-risk, high-return. Debt funds are low-risk, stable-return. Hybrid funds offer moderate risk and return. Understanding your risk tolerance is key to choosing the right funds.

Final Insights

Your investment journey looks promising. Starting a Rs. 15,000 SIP, focusing on ELSS for 80C benefits, and planning for a substantial retirement corpus are excellent strategies. Diversification, regular reviews, and reinvestment of dividends will help you reach your goals.

Keep an eye on fund performance and stay informed about any issues like the front-running news with Quant Mutual Funds. Remember, diversifying across different fund houses and categories can safeguard your investments.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 08, 2024

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Hi Sir/Ma'am, I am 25 yrs old and my take home monthly is approx 1.2 lacs working in IT. Currently I am investing in PPF since 2020. Used to invest around Rs. 1000/- pm but slowly increased my investment to 12,500 from last month onwards and looking to continue the same. Since beginning of this year, I have started to invest in mutual funds with a monthly SIP of 15,000. I invest in a mix of small, mid and large cap funds. Does it makes sense to consider investing in ELSS tax saver funds? Do they generally give good returns as compared to SML cap funds? I am looking to step up my SIP by 10% every year. My goal is to attain financial freedom in the next ten years with more 1cr. as a corpus. I also have a LIC jeevan anand policy and I invest around 1,250/- every month which will mature in next 10 years. In order to achieve my financial goal fast, should I increase my monthly SIP to maybe 30k by decreasing the amount invested in other schemes? I know that SIPs generally comes with a better return but with a high risk. Is there any other scheme that I should opt for which gives higher return? Please suggest how to go about it based on my current income and living expenses. I also have some liabilities after investments such as: Personal loan: 45k Consumer loans: around 10k House expenses: 20k My current investment portfolio so far: SIP: 40K (Recently started as mentioned) PPF: 2.2 lacs EPF: 1.8 lacs LIC: 1 lac Thank you!
Ans: Firstly, I commend you for taking proactive steps towards building your financial future at such a young age. Your commitment to increasing your investments over time is commendable and will serve you well in achieving your financial goals.

Regarding your query about ELSS tax saver funds, they can indeed be a valuable addition to your investment portfolio. ELSS funds not only offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act but also have the potential to generate higher returns over the long term compared to traditional investment avenues like PPF.

As for comparing ELSS funds with small-cap funds, it's essential to understand that they belong to different categories with varying risk profiles. Small-cap funds typically carry higher risk but also have the potential for higher returns, while ELSS funds invest primarily in equity markets and have the added advantage of tax benefits. Both can play a role in diversifying your investment portfolio and achieving your financial goals.

Considering your goal of attaining financial freedom in the next ten years with a corpus of over 1 crore, it's essential to review your investment strategy periodically and make adjustments as needed. Increasing your monthly SIP to 30k and potentially reallocating some funds from other schemes could be a prudent move, given your high income and relatively low living expenses.

Regarding your existing LIC Jeevan Anand policy, surrendering it and reinvesting the proceeds in mutual funds could potentially yield higher returns, especially considering your long investment horizon and risk tolerance. However, it's essential to evaluate the surrender value, any applicable penalties, and the potential tax implications before making a decision.

In summary, continue with your disciplined approach to investing, consider adding ELSS funds to your portfolio, and review your investments periodically to ensure they align with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,
www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Money
Sir I am 37 year old ... having salary of 1.2 lacs per months and want to save money for child higher education and daughter martiage. Have 48 lakhs in fd's and PF account is having 18 laksh and will receive 20 lakhs in 2027 from LIC Please suggest how to invest in SIP currently having 50000 lumsump in Sbi energy opportunities fund, lumsump 50000 in SBI AUTO Hdfc noncyclic consumer fund Sip of 3000 Edelweiss small cap fund sip of 4000 Kotak emerging equity fund sip of. 3000 NJFlexi cap 1500, Hdfc multicap fund SIP of 1500 (50000 lumsum) Icici prudential value discovery fund sip of 1000 Total SIP per month 14500 and will increase to 30000 Please review my mutual fund portfolio as i dont have any knowledge and suggest if i have chossen correct category with mutual fund name or need to switch Waiting for your suggestion and thanks in advance
Ans: First, I want to commend you for taking proactive steps towards securing your family’s future. Planning for your children’s education and your daughter's marriage is crucial. Your current salary and savings indicate that you are on a strong financial path.

You’ve done well to accumulate Rs. 48 lakhs in Fixed Deposits and Provident Funds, and you have Rs. 18 lakhs in your PF account. Additionally, you’ll receive Rs. 20 lakhs from your LIC policy in 2027. These are significant assets that provide a solid foundation for your financial planning.

Your monthly income of Rs. 1.2 lakhs and your commitment to SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans) show that you are already disciplined with your investments. Let's review your portfolio and explore how you can enhance it to meet your goals effectively.

Reviewing Your Current Mutual Fund Portfolio
Lump Sum Investments:

Rs. 50,000 in SBI Energy Opportunities Fund
Rs. 50,000 in SBI Auto Fund
Rs. 50,000 in HDFC Non-Cyclic Consumer Fund
Monthly SIPs:

Rs. 3,000 in Edelweiss Small Cap Fund
Rs. 4,000 in Kotak Emerging Equity Fund
Rs. 1,500 in NJ Flexi Cap Fund
Rs. 1,500 in HDFC Multi-Cap Fund (Plus Rs. 50,000 lump sum)
Rs. 1,000 in ICICI Prudential Value Discovery Fund
Total SIP per month: Rs. 14,500, with plans to increase to Rs. 30,000.

You have chosen a mix of funds across different sectors and market caps. This diversification is a good start, but let’s refine your strategy.

Diversification and Fund Selection
Your portfolio covers various market segments, which is excellent. Diversification reduces risk and provides stability. However, there are a few areas to consider:

Sector Funds:

Sector funds like Energy and Auto can be volatile. While they offer high growth potential, they are also riskier. It's important to balance them with more stable, diversified funds.
Cap Exposure:

You have exposure to small-cap (Edelweiss Small Cap Fund) and mid-cap (Kotak Emerging Equity Fund) funds. These can offer high returns but are riskier compared to large-cap or multi-cap funds. Ensure you are comfortable with this risk level.
Flexi Cap and Multi-Cap Funds:

Funds like NJ Flexi Cap and HDFC Multi-Cap provide flexibility and exposure across various market caps. These funds can adjust their portfolio based on market conditions, offering a balanced approach.
Value Funds:

ICICI Prudential Value Discovery Fund focuses on undervalued stocks, which can be a good long-term strategy but might not perform consistently in the short term.
Optimizing Your Investment Strategy
Given your goals, it's essential to align your investments with your risk tolerance and time horizon. Here’s a refined approach:

Reduce Sector Concentration:

Consider reallocating some funds from sector-specific investments (like Energy and Auto) to more diversified funds. Sector funds can be part of your portfolio, but they should not dominate it.
Increase Large-Cap Exposure:

Large-cap funds offer stability and consistent returns. Increasing your allocation in large-cap or blue-chip funds can provide a solid foundation, especially considering your goals of funding education and marriage.
Balanced Fund Allocation:

Maintain a balanced approach with a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. This strategy provides growth potential while managing risk. Multi-cap and flexi-cap funds are good choices for maintaining balance.
Review and Rebalance Regularly:

Markets fluctuate, and your financial situation might change. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. A quarterly or annual review is advisable.
Increasing Your SIP Contributions
You plan to increase your SIP contributions from Rs. 14,500 to Rs. 30,000. This is a positive step towards achieving your financial goals. Here's how to approach it:

Gradual Increase:

Gradually increase your SIP amounts in existing funds or consider adding new funds that align with your investment strategy. This helps in averaging out the cost and managing cash flow effectively.
Prioritize Long-Term Goals:

Allocate more to funds with a long-term horizon, such as those targeting your children’s education. Equity funds with a long-term focus are ideal for this purpose due to their potential for higher returns.
Emergency Fund and Short-Term Goals:

Ensure you have an emergency fund to cover at least 6 months of expenses. For short-term goals like your daughter's marriage, consider more stable, debt-oriented funds or balanced funds that offer lower risk and steady returns.
Role of Fixed Deposits and LIC Policies
Fixed Deposits:

Your Rs. 48 lakhs in FDs provide a safety net and assured returns. While FDs are secure, their returns might not outpace inflation in the long run. Consider gradually reallocating a portion to mutual funds for better growth.
LIC Policy:

The Rs. 20 lakhs you will receive in 2027 from your LIC policy can be reinvested in mutual funds. This amount can significantly boost your investment corpus for your goals.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds over Index Funds
Actively managed funds have professional managers who select stocks based on research and analysis. These funds aim to outperform the market. While index funds track the market passively, actively managed funds can provide higher returns through strategic stock selection.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

They mirror the market and cannot outperform it.
In volatile markets, they can fall just as much as the index.
Lack of active management means no attempt to capitalize on market opportunities.
Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:

Potential to outperform the market through strategic investments.
Flexibility to shift assets in response to market changes.
Professional fund managers use their expertise to mitigate risks and enhance returns.
Regular Funds vs. Direct Funds
Direct funds have lower expense ratios as they do not include distributor commissions. However, investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) using regular funds can provide several advantages:

Disadvantages of Direct Funds:

You need to have good knowledge and time to manage your investments.
Lack of professional guidance can lead to suboptimal investment choices.
No support for portfolio review and rebalancing.
Advantages of Regular Funds:

Professional advice from CFPs ensures that your investments align with your goals.
CFPs provide ongoing support and help in rebalancing your portfolio.
They can offer insights on market trends and fund performance, helping you make informed decisions.
Final Insights
You have laid a strong financial foundation with your current investments and savings. With some refinements, you can enhance your portfolio to better align with your goals.

Diversify Wisely:

Maintain a balanced approach with a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Reduce sector-specific exposure and add more diversified funds.
Regular Reviews:

Conduct regular reviews of your portfolio and adjust based on your changing financial situation and market conditions.
Professional Guidance:

Consider the benefits of regular funds and actively managed funds for professional guidance and potentially higher returns.
Goal-Based Allocation:

Allocate funds based on your specific goals, such as children's education and your daughter's marriage. Long-term goals can be aligned with equity funds, while short-term goals can be supported by stable, debt-oriented funds.
Emergency and Stability:

Maintain an emergency fund and gradually shift some FDs to mutual funds for better long-term growth.
With these strategies, you can build a robust investment portfolio that will help you achieve your financial goals. If you need further guidance, don't hesitate to consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor a plan that fits your unique situation.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 25, 2024Hindi
Money
Hello sir, Hope your are doing good, I'm 30 year , Earn 80k/ Per month in hand ,single, Having car loan of 12 Lakhs which started this month paying 22k in that, Having stock of Rs 5 lakhs. PF of 1 lakhs , Pls suggest - 1. From next month plan to start sip of 15k which is best to invest , I've shortlisted IN SMALL CAP - Quant , Nippon In TAX SAVER- Quant, bandhan, parag parikh In MID CAP - HDFC mid opportunity fund. Which one to go or you can add to make Portfolio balance. 2. In 80C which is best investment to add like I'm doing SIP I can go for ELSS or else ? 3. Planning to retire at 50/55 with corpus of 10 to 12 cr is it possible?
Ans: I hope you're doing well! You've got a good income and are thinking ahead about your investments and retirement. It's great to see you're planning early. Let's dive into your questions and build a comprehensive strategy for you.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
At 30 years old, you earn Rs 80,000 per month and have a car loan of Rs 12 lakhs with an EMI of Rs 22,000. You also have Rs 5 lakhs in stocks and Rs 1 lakh in your Provident Fund (PF). Planning to start a SIP of Rs 15,000 from next month is a smart move.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Retirement Planning: You want to retire at 50-55 with a corpus of Rs 10-12 crores. This is achievable with disciplined investing.

Tax Savings: You are interested in tax-saving options under Section 80C.

Building a Balanced Portfolio: You’ve shortlisted funds in small cap, tax saver, and mid cap categories.

SIP Investment Strategy
Investing Rs 15,000 monthly in SIPs is a great way to build wealth. Let's discuss your selected funds and how to balance your portfolio.

Small Cap Funds
You’ve shortlisted Quant and Nippon for small cap investments. Small cap funds can provide high returns but come with high risk. Since you're young, you can afford to take some risks for higher growth.

Considerations:

High Risk, High Reward: Small cap funds can be volatile but offer significant growth potential.
Long-term Investment: Best to hold for at least 5-7 years to ride out market volatility.
Tax Saver (ELSS) Funds
You’ve shortlisted Quant, Bandhan, and Parag Parikh for tax-saving investments. ELSS funds are great for tax benefits and wealth creation.

Considerations:

Tax Benefits: Investments up to Rs 1.5 lakhs in ELSS are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.
Lock-in Period: ELSS funds have a 3-year lock-in period, which is the shortest among tax-saving options.
Mid Cap Funds
You’ve chosen HDFC Mid Opportunity Fund. Mid cap funds balance risk and return well, offering more stability than small caps with better returns than large caps.

Considerations:

Balanced Growth: Mid caps provide a good balance of risk and reward.
Holding Period: Aim for a 5-7 year horizon for optimal returns.
Balancing Your Portfolio
For a balanced portfolio, diversification is key. Here’s a suggested allocation:

Small Cap Funds: Allocate 40% (Rs 6,000) to small cap funds. They offer high growth potential but come with higher risk.

Mid Cap Funds: Allocate 30% (Rs 4,500) to mid cap funds. They provide a balance between growth and risk.

Tax Saver (ELSS) Funds: Allocate 30% (Rs 4,500) to ELSS funds. They offer tax benefits and potential for long-term growth.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, managed by professional fund managers, aim to outperform the market. Though they come with higher fees, they potentially offer better returns than index funds, which merely track the market.

Benefits of Investing Through an MFD with CFP Credential
Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) who is also a CFP can be highly beneficial:

Personalized Advice: A CFP can provide tailored advice based on your financial goals and risk appetite.

Professional Management: Regular funds managed by professionals adapt to market conditions better than direct funds.

Ongoing Support: Continuous monitoring and adjustments keep your investments aligned with your goals.

Tax Saving Investments Under Section 80C
Besides ELSS funds, here are other Section 80C investment options:

Public Provident Fund (PPF): A safe, government-backed option with attractive returns and tax benefits.

National Savings Certificate (NSC): A fixed-income investment with a 5-year maturity and tax benefits.

Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Contributions to EPF also qualify for tax deductions.

Planning for Retirement
Your goal of retiring with a corpus of Rs 10-12 crores is ambitious but achievable. Here’s how you can plan:

Consistent SIPs: Continue investing Rs 15,000 monthly in diversified SIPs.

Increase Investments: As your income grows, increase your SIP contributions to accelerate wealth creation.

Regular Monitoring: Periodically review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals.

Evaluating Term Insurance
Term insurance is essential for financial protection. Here’s why:

Financial Security: It provides a financial safety net for your family in case of unforeseen events.

Affordability: Term insurance is cost-effective, offering high coverage at low premiums.

Coverage Duration: Choose a policy that covers you until at least 60-65 years of age, ensuring protection during your working years.

Selecting the Right Term Insurance Provider
Both HDFC and Max Life offer good term insurance plans. Consider the following:

Claim Settlement Ratio: A higher ratio indicates better reliability in settling claims.

Premium Costs: Compare the premiums and choose one that fits your budget.

Additional Benefits: Look for policies offering additional riders like critical illness or accidental death cover.


Your proactive approach to financial planning is impressive. Taking steps early to secure your financial future shows great foresight and responsibility.

I understand the importance of your goals. Retirement, tax savings, and a balanced portfolio are critical for long-term financial security. Your dedication to planning is truly commendable.

Final Insights
Investing Rs 15,000 monthly in SIPs across small cap, mid cap, and ELSS funds is a solid strategy. Diversifying your investments ensures balanced growth and risk management. Actively managed funds offer better potential returns, making them a preferable choice over index funds.

A CFP can provide valuable insights and personalized advice, ensuring your investments align with your goals. Additionally, term insurance is crucial for financial protection. Choose a policy with sufficient coverage, ideally till your retirement age. Regularly monitor and rebalance your portfolio to stay on track.

Your commitment to financial planning is praiseworthy, and with the right strategy, you can achieve your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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