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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 19, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi

Hello sir, I am 31 year old unmarried individual. I have debt of about 10 lacs. My monthly expenses including bills and household expenses come upto 9k per month. My debt is at 40k per month. I earn 50k in hand each month. I have no savings, no mutual funds, no pf money even. I have exhausted all of them in clearing my debt. (I had debt of 12 lacs). Since last 3 years, I have been taking money from credit card, NBFCs, etc to manage my expenses and debt. But over the last 3 months, things are getting out of hand. I am now 60k in debt expenses excluded. My salary is the same. No other means of income. My credit score is hit, my dues are pending for more than 2 months. I need to come out of this very badly. I am not getting any loans (thought of consolidating all of them into one). How do I come out of this, sir?

Ans: I understand the stress you are under and appreciate your honesty. Managing debt can be overwhelming. Let's work on a plan to help you regain financial stability.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You're earning Rs 50,000 monthly. Your debt repayment is Rs 40,000 per month. Additionally, your monthly expenses are Rs 9,000. This leaves you with no savings and a deficit of Rs 9,000 monthly. Your debt has increased to Rs 60,000 in recent months, and your credit score has been negatively impacted.

Immediate Steps to Manage Your Situation
1. Assess and Prioritize Debts
List all your debts, including credit card and NBFC loans. Note their interest rates and monthly payments. Prioritize debts with higher interest rates. Paying them off first will reduce the amount you pay in interest over time.

2. Negotiate with Creditors
Contact your creditors and explain your situation. Many creditors will work with you to create a more manageable payment plan. They might offer lower interest rates or extended payment terms. This can provide temporary relief and make your monthly payments more manageable.

3. Cut Unnecessary Expenses
Examine your monthly expenses. Look for areas where you can cut costs. Even small savings can add up over time. Focus on essentials and eliminate any non-essential spending. Every rupee saved can help reduce your debt.

4. Increase Income
Consider part-time work or freelance opportunities to boost your income. Every additional rupee can go towards paying off your debt. Look for gigs that match your skills and can be done in your spare time. This can help bridge the gap between your income and expenses.

Creating a Sustainable Financial Plan
1. Budgeting
Create a strict budget. Allocate funds for your essential expenses and debt repayments first. Stick to this budget rigorously. This will ensure that every rupee is accounted for and used effectively. Use budgeting apps or tools to track your expenses and stay on top of your financial situation.

2. Emergency Fund
Once your debt is under control, start building an emergency fund. Aim for at least 3-6 months’ worth of expenses. This fund will act as a safety net in case of unexpected expenses. It will prevent you from relying on credit cards or loans in the future.

3. Debt Snowball Method
After negotiating lower payments, focus on paying off the smallest debts first. This is known as the debt snowball method. Once the smallest debt is paid off, move to the next smallest. This method provides quick wins and keeps you motivated.

Long-Term Financial Health
1. Rebuild Credit Score
Make timely payments on all your debts. Avoid missing any payments. Over time, this will improve your credit score. A good credit score will give you better options for loans in the future, with lower interest rates.

2. Savings and Investments
Once your debts are manageable, start focusing on savings and investments. Begin with small, regular savings. Consider investing in mutual funds through a certified financial planner. They can provide professional advice and help you choose the right funds.

3. Avoid High-Interest Loans
Avoid taking new loans or using credit cards for non-essential purchases. High-interest loans can quickly become unmanageable. Focus on living within your means and saving for future expenses.

Seeking Professional Help
1. Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Consider consulting a certified financial planner. They can provide personalized advice and help you create a long-term financial plan. A CFP will help you navigate complex financial situations and provide guidance tailored to your needs.

2. Debt Counselling
Look into debt counselling services. They can provide support and advice on managing your debt. These services often offer educational resources and tools to help you stay on track.

Mental and Emotional Well-being
1. Stress Management
Financial stress can take a toll on your mental health. Practice stress management techniques like meditation, exercise, or talking to a friend. Taking care of your mental health is crucial during this challenging time.

2. Support System
Lean on your support system. Friends and family can provide emotional support and sometimes even financial advice. Don’t be afraid to ask for help or guidance.

Final Insights
Your current financial situation is challenging but not insurmountable. By taking immediate steps to manage your debts, cutting unnecessary expenses, and potentially increasing your income, you can start to regain control. Creating a strict budget and sticking to it will help ensure that your money is used effectively.

Rebuilding your credit score will take time, but making consistent payments and avoiding new high-interest loans will help. Seeking professional advice from a certified financial planner can provide the personalized guidance you need to navigate this situation.

Remember, every small step counts. Celebrate your progress, no matter how small. You're not alone, and with determination and the right strategies, you can overcome this financial hurdle.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 04, 2024Hindi
Dear Sir, I am a 31 year old married man.I am in a huge debt trap of multiple loans plus credit card mounting around 9 lakhs. I work in MNC company earning 70k per month. Please advise or suggest if I can come out of this.
Ans: I understand your concern about being in a debt trap, but there are steps you can take to address the situation and work towards financial stability:

Assess Your Debt: Start by listing out all your debts, including the outstanding amounts, interest rates, and minimum monthly payments. This will give you a clear picture of your financial situation.
Create a Budget: Develop a detailed budget that outlines your monthly income and expenses. Identify areas where you can cut back on spending to free up more money to put towards debt repayment.
Prioritize Debt Repayment: Focus on paying off high-interest debt first, such as credit card debt. Consider using the debt avalanche or debt snowball method to systematically tackle your debts.
Negotiate with Creditors: Reach out to your creditors to discuss repayment options. They may be willing to negotiate lower interest rates, waive fees, or offer a repayment plan that fits your budget.
Explore Debt Consolidation: Consolidating your debts into a single loan with a lower interest rate can make it easier to manage and potentially reduce your overall interest costs. However, be cautious and carefully evaluate the terms and fees associated with any consolidation offer.
Increase Your Income: Look for opportunities to increase your income, such as taking on a part-time job, freelancing, or seeking a higher-paying position within your company.
Seek Professional Help: If you're feeling overwhelmed or unsure about how to proceed, consider seeking assistance from a financial counselor or debt relief agency. They can provide guidance and support tailored to your specific situation.
Avoid Taking on New Debt: While you're working to pay off your existing debt, avoid taking on any new debt if possible. Stick to your budget and focus on living within your means.
It may take time and discipline, but with a solid plan and commitment to debt repayment, you can overcome your debt challenges and regain control of your finances. Remember to be patient with yourself and celebrate small victories along the way.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Hello Sir, My in hand salary is 98000 but loan EMIs and Credit Card bills are 1.75 lacs. I don't have have savings due to multiple medical issues in my family from the 3-4 years. Im heart patient as well. Can you please guide me the way to com out from my debts. Thanks
Ans: I appreciate your courage in sharing your situation. Managing financial stress, especially with health issues, is challenging. Let's create a practical plan to help you get out of debt and build a secure financial future.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
Monthly Income: Rs 98,000
Monthly Debt Obligations: Rs 1.75 lakhs
Savings: None due to medical expenses
Immediate Steps to Manage Debt
Assessing Your Debt
Total Debt: Calculate the total amount owed, including all loan EMIs and credit card bills.
Interest Rates: Identify the interest rates for each debt. Prioritize high-interest debts first.
Budgeting and Expense Management
Create a Budget: List all your essential monthly expenses (food, utilities, rent, etc.). Identify non-essential expenses that can be reduced or eliminated.
Track Spending: Use a notebook or an app to track every rupee spent. This will help you identify areas to cut costs.
Prioritizing Debt Repayment
High-Interest Debt First
Credit Cards: These often have the highest interest rates. Focus on paying more than the minimum due to reduce principal faster.
Personal Loans: Once high-interest debts are managed, focus on personal loans.
Debt Consolidation Options
Debt Consolidation Loan: Consider taking a personal loan to consolidate high-interest debts into a single loan with a lower interest rate.
Balance Transfer: Transfer your credit card balance to a card with a lower interest rate, if possible.
Negotiating with Creditors
Contact Creditors: Explain your financial situation to your creditors. Request lower interest rates or a temporary reduction in monthly payments.
Debt Settlement: If negotiation fails, consider debt settlement. This involves negotiating a lump sum payment that is less than the total amount owed.
Increasing Your Income
Exploring Additional Income Sources
Freelancing: Use skills like writing, graphic design, or tutoring to earn extra income. Platforms like Upwork and Freelancer can help.
Part-Time Jobs: Look for part-time work that fits your schedule. Delivery services, tutoring, or online customer support jobs can provide additional income.
Leveraging Existing Skills
Skill Enhancement: Invest time in enhancing skills that can increase your earning potential. Online courses on platforms like Coursera or Udemy can be helpful.
Networking: Connect with professionals in your field who can offer freelance opportunities or part-time work.
Managing Health and Finances
Health Insurance
Review Existing Policies: Ensure that you and your family have adequate health insurance coverage to reduce out-of-pocket medical expenses.
Government Schemes: Explore government health schemes that may offer assistance with medical costs.
Long-Term Financial Planning
Building an Emergency Fund
Start Small: Once debts are under control, start building an emergency fund. Aim for at least 3-6 months’ worth of living expenses.
Consistency: Contribute a small, consistent amount each month to this fund.
Investing for the Future
Mutual Funds: After stabilizing your finances, consider investing in mutual funds for long-term growth. Start with small SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans).
Professional Guidance: Consult a Certified Financial Planner to choose the right funds and investment strategy based on your risk profile and goals.
Addressing Emotional and Psychological Stress
Seeking Support
Family and Friends: Share your concerns with trusted family members or friends who can offer support and advice.
Counseling: Consider seeking help from a financial counselor or a therapist to manage stress and develop coping strategies.
Positive Mindset
Focus on Progress: Celebrate small milestones in your debt repayment journey. Each step brings you closer to financial freedom.
Stay Motivated: Remind yourself of your long-term goals, like owning a home or securing a stable financial future.
Exploring Government and NGO Assistance
Government Schemes
Debt Relief Programs: Research if there are any government debt relief programs available that you may qualify for.
Subsidies and Grants: Explore government subsidies or grants that can assist with medical expenses or other financial needs.
Non-Governmental Organizations
Financial Assistance: Some NGOs offer financial assistance or low-interest loans to individuals in financial distress.
Medical Aid: Look for NGOs that provide support for medical expenses.
Planning for a Sustainable Future
Education and Skill Development
Lifelong Learning: Continue learning and upgrading your skills to increase job opportunities and earning potential.
Certifications: Obtain certifications in your field to enhance your qualifications and career prospects.
Financial Literacy
Financial Education: Educate yourself on personal finance, budgeting, and investing. Books, online courses, and workshops can be valuable resources.
Smart Financial Decisions: Apply your knowledge to make informed financial decisions, avoiding high-interest debt and building savings.
Practical Tips for Financial Discipline
Avoiding High-Interest Debt
Credit Card Usage: Use credit cards sparingly and only if you can pay the full balance each month to avoid interest charges.
Loans: Avoid taking new loans unless absolutely necessary. Focus on repaying existing debts first.
Regular Financial Review
Monthly Check-In: Review your financial situation monthly. Adjust your budget and spending as needed to stay on track.
Annual Goals: Set annual financial goals and review your progress at the end of each year.
Final Insights
Getting out of debt while managing health issues is challenging, but it is possible with a structured plan and disciplined approach. Prioritize paying off high-interest debt first, consider debt consolidation, and explore additional income sources. Manage expenses carefully and seek professional advice to develop a sustainable financial strategy.

Invest in your skills and financial education to improve your long-term earning potential. Seek support from family, friends, and professional counselors to manage emotional stress. Utilize government schemes and NGO assistance to alleviate financial burdens.

Remember, every step you take towards financial stability is progress. Stay focused on your goals, maintain a positive mindset, and celebrate small achievements along the way. With determination and careful planning, you can overcome your financial challenges and build a secure and prosperous future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 06, 2024

I am 28 years old unmarried. Im in a very bad position as of now. I have 10L debt and i dont have a job. Everymonth i have to pay around 50k so that i am taking credit from other sources and paying the immediate debts. but my debt has been increased exponentially i dont have any other source to take loans, borrow etc. I am stuck now what to do? Please help me out of this. And i dont have any good skills to get a high paying job.
Ans: I understand that you are in a tough situation right now, and it can feel overwhelming. Let’s work through a plan step-by-step to help you manage your debt and improve your financial situation.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Total Debt
Debt: Rs. 10 lakhs
Monthly Payment: Rs. 50,000
Immediate Actions
1. Stop Taking More Loans
Taking more loans to pay off existing ones will only increase your debt. It’s crucial to stop this cycle immediately.

2. Prioritize Essential Expenses
Identify your essential expenses. Focus on food, shelter, and basic utilities. Everything else should be secondary.

Debt Management Plan
3. Contact Your Creditors
Reach out to your creditors. Explain your situation honestly. Request a lower monthly payment or an extension on the repayment period. Many creditors are willing to negotiate.

4. Consolidate Your Debt
If possible, consolidate your debt into a single loan with a lower interest rate. This can make managing your debt easier and reduce your monthly payment.

Finding Income Sources
5. Temporary or Part-Time Jobs
Look for temporary or part-time jobs. These might not be high-paying, but every bit helps. Consider gig economy jobs like delivery services, freelancing, or part-time retail work.

6. Upskill
Invest in learning new skills. Many online platforms offer free or low-cost courses. Focus on skills that are in high demand, like digital marketing, coding, or data analysis. This can improve your chances of getting a better job.

Budgeting and Saving
7. Create a Budget
Create a strict budget. Track every rupee you spend. Cut down on non-essential expenses. This will help you manage your money better.

8. Emergency Fund
Once you start earning, build an emergency fund. This fund should cover 3-6 months of your essential expenses. It will provide a safety net in case of unexpected financial emergencies.

Emotional and Mental Health
9. Seek Support
Talk to friends, family, or a professional counselor. Sharing your problems can reduce stress and provide new perspectives.

Long-Term Financial Planning
10. Set Financial Goals
Set clear, achievable financial goals. This will give you a sense of direction and motivation. Start with small goals, like saving a certain amount each month.

Practical Steps to Find a Job
11. Networking
Network with people in your field. Attend job fairs, join professional groups, and use social media to connect with potential employers.

12. Tailored Resume and Cover Letter
Tailor your resume and cover letter for each job application. Highlight your strengths and any relevant experience. Even if your experience is limited, focus on your willingness to learn and adapt.

Exploring Government Schemes and Non-Profit Organizations
13. Government Schemes
Look into government schemes for unemployed individuals. There might be programs offering financial aid, training, or job placement services.

14. Non-Profit Organizations
Reach out to non-profit organizations. Many offer financial counseling, job training, and placement services for free.

Utilizing Free Resources
15. Online Learning Platforms
Use free resources like Coursera, edX, and Khan Academy. These platforms offer a wide range of courses that can help you learn new skills and improve your employability.

Summary and Action Plan
Stop Taking More Loans: Avoid increasing your debt further.

Prioritize Essential Expenses: Focus on basic needs.

Contact Creditors: Negotiate for lower payments.

Consolidate Debt: Simplify and reduce your debt.

Find Temporary Jobs: Look for any available work.

Upskill: Learn new, marketable skills online.

Create a Budget: Manage your money carefully.

Build an Emergency Fund: Save for unexpected expenses.

Seek Support: Talk to loved ones or a counselor.

Set Financial Goals: Plan for the future.

Network for Jobs: Connect with potential employers.

Tailored Applications: Customize your job applications.

Explore Government Schemes: Look for aid programs.

Utilize Non-Profits: Seek help from organizations.

Use Free Resources: Learn and improve skills online.

Starting from a challenging position requires determination and patience. By taking these steps, you can gradually improve your financial situation and build a stable future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


..Read more

Latest Questions
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Nayagam P P  |2230 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 20, 2024Hindi
Sir, i have completed my bachelors (BCA) in India in an engineering college and wishes to pursue my masters in a foreign country.My family is'nt well off so iam looking into schlorships.can you suggest some courses with good scope. Also which countries are best for IT field that provide great schlorship oppurtunities.
Ans: As far as Scholarships for Abroad Universities are concerned, you should have good scores from the entrance tests (whichever will be applicable according to the University's admission criteria), good past academic records, your extra and co-curricular activities, additional certifications, your Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letter of Recommendation etc. Those who have gained work experience of a minimum 2-3 years after graduation get preference in admission.

And most of the Universities do not provide 100% scholarships. You will have to bear some expenses (depends upon which University / College you get admission into & what all expenses only it will cover?) .

As you have mentioned that your parents NOT well-off financially, it is suggested to work for 2-3 years, earn some money and also gain work experience, then go for further education abroad.

Before approaching any Professional Abroad Education Consultant, do a thorough research about the Countries/Universities/Programs, shortlist those which you think will be most suitable, apply to 5-6 top Univerities offering Scholarships and finalize one best University/College for you.

All the BEST for Your Bright Future.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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