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Advait Arora  |1263 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on May 09, 2023

Advait Arora has over 20 years of experience in direct investing in stock markets in India and overseas.
He holds a masters in IT management from the University Of Wollongong, Australia, and an MBA in marketing from Charles Strut University, NewCastle, Australia.
Advait is a firm believer in the power of compounding to help his clients grow their wealth.... more
Bhagirathi Question by Bhagirathi on May 03, 2023Hindi

I have Crompton Greaves 100 shares bought at 568. What should I do now?

Ans: Big underperformer. I will suggest to move to Havells instead.

please note : Investing strategies depends on your risk appetitive, so Please consult your financial advisor and then take further decision.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3913 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 22, 2024

My age is 32, my current salary is 58000/month,how I get 1.25 cr at the age of 55?
Ans: It's great that you're thinking ahead and planning for your financial future. Let's work together to achieve your goal of Rs 1.25 crore by the age of 55. At 32, you've got a good amount of time to build a solid investment strategy. I'll walk you through various steps and strategies that can help you reach your target.

Understanding Your Current Financial Position
Firstly, kudos on taking the initiative to plan your future. Your current salary is Rs 58,000 per month. This is a good base to start building a substantial corpus. The key is disciplined savings and strategic investments.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Your target is to accumulate Rs 1.25 crore in 23 years. This goal is achievable with a consistent and well-thought-out investment plan. We'll focus on maximizing your savings and investing wisely to ensure your money grows efficiently.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Starting with SIPs is a great way to grow your wealth over time. SIPs in mutual funds help you benefit from rupee cost averaging and the power of compounding. You can start with an amount you're comfortable with and increase it gradually as your income grows.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have professional fund managers making investment decisions to outperform the market. They can potentially offer higher returns compared to passive funds. Avoid index funds as they merely replicate the market and might not yield the higher returns you aim for.

Importance of Regular Investments
Consistent investments are crucial. Even during market downturns, continue your SIPs. This ensures you buy more units at lower prices, which can boost returns when the market recovers.

Diversifying Your Investment Portfolio
Equity Investments
Equities are known for their potential to generate high returns over the long term. Investing in diversified equity mutual funds or blue-chip stocks can provide good growth. Ensure you have a balanced mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds to spread risk.

Debt Instruments
Debt instruments like bonds and fixed deposits offer stability. They provide regular interest income and lower risk compared to equities. A portion of your portfolio should be in debt instruments to balance your risk.

Gold Investments
Gold can be a good hedge against inflation and economic instability. Investing a small portion in gold ETFs or sovereign gold bonds adds diversity to your portfolio and can provide a safety net.

Tax Efficiency
Tax-Saving Instruments
Utilize tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, like Public Provident Fund (PPF), Employee Provident Fund (EPF), and Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS). These not only reduce your tax liability but also help in building your retirement corpus.

Regular Fund Investments
Investing through a certified financial planner ensures you get professional advice and optimize your portfolio. Regular funds, despite higher expense ratios than direct funds, come with expert guidance, which can be invaluable.

Creating an Emergency Fund
Importance of an Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial to cover unexpected expenses without disrupting your investment plan. Aim to save at least 6-12 months' worth of expenses in a liquid, easily accessible account.

Building the Fund
Start by setting aside a portion of your salary every month until you reach your target. This fund should be kept separate from your long-term investments to ensure liquidity during emergencies.

Insurance and Risk Management
Adequate Life Insurance
Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage. This protects your family financially in case of any unforeseen events. Term insurance is a good option as it provides high coverage at a low premium.

Health Insurance
A good health insurance plan is essential to cover medical emergencies. This prevents out-of-pocket expenses that can disrupt your savings and investments.

Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Periodic Portfolio Review
Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals and risk tolerance. Markets change, and so should your investment strategy. A certified financial planner can help with these periodic reviews.

Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Rebalancing involves adjusting your investments to maintain your desired asset allocation. For example, if equities have grown significantly, they might form a larger portion of your portfolio than intended. Sell some equities and reinvest in underperforming assets to balance the risk.

Maximizing Your Savings
Budgeting and Expense Management
Track your expenses to identify areas where you can save more. Create a budget and stick to it. This ensures you have more funds available for investments.

Increasing Savings Rate
As your salary increases, aim to increase your savings rate. Even a small increase in your monthly savings can significantly impact your final corpus due to the power of compounding.

Leveraging Employer Benefits
Provident Fund Contributions
Ensure you maximize your contributions to the Employee Provident Fund (EPF). This is a safe and tax-efficient way to build your retirement corpus.

Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)
Consider contributing to the Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) if you can save more. VPF offers the same benefits as EPF, with guaranteed returns and tax benefits.

Long-Term Investment Strategies
Compounding Power
The power of compounding cannot be overstated. The earlier you start investing, the more your money grows over time. Regular investments and reinvesting returns accelerate growth.

Staying Invested
Market fluctuations are normal. Stay invested for the long term to ride out volatility. Equity markets tend to deliver good returns over extended periods.

Avoiding Emotional Decisions
Investment decisions should be based on logic, not emotions. Avoid making impulsive decisions based on market movements. A certified financial planner can provide an objective perspective.

Retirement Planning
Projecting Future Expenses
Estimate your future expenses considering inflation. This helps in setting realistic retirement goals. A certified financial planner can assist in creating a detailed retirement plan.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Calculate the corpus needed to sustain your desired lifestyle post-retirement. This helps in determining the monthly investment required to reach your goal.

Withdrawal Strategy
Plan a withdrawal strategy for your retirement corpus. Consider factors like life expectancy, inflation, and market conditions. A well-thought-out strategy ensures your corpus lasts throughout your retirement.

Final Insights
Achieving Rs 1.25 crore by age 55 is definitely possible with disciplined savings and strategic investments. Start with SIPs in actively managed funds, diversify your portfolio, and regularly review your investments. Maintain an emergency fund, ensure adequate insurance, and leverage employer benefits. Stay committed to your goals and avoid emotional decisions. With the right planning and consistent efforts, you'll reach your target and secure a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3913 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 22, 2024

Hi sir Am 46 yr old and my financial investment are as below : 1) recently started SIP with 45k monthly investment. 2) am investing in NPS 20k monthly for last 8 years (currently 25 lacs in nps portfolio) 3) am investing in sukanya 70k annually for past 9 years (currents 8 lacs in portfolio) 4) commercial property worth 1.8 cr generating me rent of 70k monthly 5) 1 flat worth 1.7 cr generating me rent of 40k monthly) 6) 1 floor where am staying worth 1.8 cr has a loan going with emi of 66 k which i plan to close within next 4 to 5 yrs max 7) PF is 22 lacs as of now due to some withdrawals earlier. But am doing additional vpf of 10k monthly apart from 25k which gets invested from my salary 8) my take home salary is 2.7 lacs monthly I want to retire in another 7 to 8 years.pls suggest what i need to do or plan so as to have monthly 3lacs income
Ans: First off, kudos on taking charge of your financial future. You have a diversified portfolio with multiple investments, and that's great. Let's break down your current investments and see how you can reach your goal of Rs 3 lakhs monthly income post-retirement.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
You've recently started a SIP with a monthly investment of Rs 45,000. SIPs are a fantastic way to build wealth over time. By investing regularly, you benefit from rupee cost averaging and the power of compounding. Given your goal, it's important to keep a close eye on the performance of the mutual funds you've chosen.

If you're in actively managed funds, ensure they consistently outperform their benchmarks. If any fund underperforms for an extended period, consider switching to a better-performing one. Actively managed funds, guided by professional fund managers, can potentially offer higher returns than passive funds.

National Pension System (NPS)
You've been investing Rs 20,000 monthly in NPS for the last eight years, with a current portfolio value of Rs 25 lakhs. NPS is a great choice for retirement planning due to its low cost and tax benefits.

However, NPS comes with certain withdrawal restrictions and partial annuitization at retirement. To maximize benefits, regularly review your asset allocation between equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. Adjust it based on market conditions and your risk tolerance. Given your timeline, consider increasing equity exposure slightly to boost potential returns.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
You're investing Rs 70,000 annually in Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for the past nine years, with a current corpus of Rs 8 lakhs. This is a wonderful scheme for your daughter's future, offering high-interest rates and tax benefits. Keep this investment untouched until maturity to fully benefit from its tax-free interest.

Real Estate Investments
You own commercial property worth Rs 1.8 crores, generating Rs 70,000 monthly rent, and a flat worth Rs 1.7 crores, generating Rs 40,000 monthly rent. These provide a substantial passive income, which is excellent.

However, real estate investments come with risks like maintenance costs, tenant issues, and market fluctuations. While they are stable, they aren't very liquid. Keep this in mind as you plan for retirement, where liquidity can be crucial.

Residential Property and Loan
Your home is worth Rs 1.8 crores, and you're paying an EMI of Rs 66,000. Planning to close this loan within 4-5 years is wise. Once the loan is repaid, your cash flow will improve significantly. Until then, ensure you have a buffer to handle EMIs without stress.

Provident Fund (PF) and Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)
Your current PF balance is Rs 22 lakhs, with an additional VPF contribution of Rs 10,000 monthly, apart from Rs 25,000 from your salary. Provident Fund is a safe and stable investment, offering guaranteed returns and tax benefits. Your regular contributions will compound over time, providing a substantial corpus at retirement.

Take-Home Salary and Expenses
Your take-home salary is Rs 2.7 lakhs monthly. With disciplined savings and investments, you're on a strong path. However, it's essential to ensure that your expenses are well-managed, allowing you to save and invest consistently. Budgeting is key here. Track your spending and identify areas where you can cut back, if necessary.

Setting Clear Retirement Goals
To retire with a monthly income of Rs 3 lakhs, we need to build a significant corpus. Let's look at the broad strategies to achieve this.

Increase SIP Contributions: If possible, gradually increase your SIP contributions. Even a small increase can make a big difference over time due to compounding.

Asset Allocation: Diversify your investments across different asset classes – equities, debt, and gold. Equities can offer higher returns, debt provides stability, and gold acts as a hedge against inflation.

Tax Efficiency: Ensure your investments are tax-efficient. Utilize all available tax-saving instruments to minimize tax liability and maximize returns.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures you won't have to dip into your investments during a financial crunch.

Insurance: Adequate life and health insurance are crucial. This protects your family and savings from unforeseen medical expenses or financial loss.

Enhancing Your Investment Strategy
Active Management Over Passive
While passive funds like index funds track a benchmark, actively managed funds aim to outperform it. This can lead to better returns if the fund manager makes smart investment decisions. Since you've not mentioned index funds, it's good to focus on active management where fund managers actively select stocks.

Regular Fund Investments
Direct funds might seem cheaper due to lower expense ratios, but regular funds through a certified financial planner can be beneficial. They offer professional advice and help optimize your portfolio. A financial planner provides valuable insights, ensuring your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance.

Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. This involves adjusting your investments to maintain your desired asset allocation. For instance, if equities perform well and exceed your target allocation, sell some and reinvest in underperforming assets. This ensures you stay on track to meet your goals while managing risk.

Maximizing NPS Benefits
As you get closer to retirement, consider shifting some NPS funds to safer assets like government bonds. This reduces risk as you near your goal. Also, explore options within NPS to ensure you're getting the best possible returns with minimal risk.

Building a Robust Retirement Corpus
Given your diverse investments, you're well on your way to building a robust retirement corpus. To achieve Rs 3 lakhs monthly income, let's look at the sources:

Rental Income: Your commercial and residential properties already generate Rs 1.1 lakhs monthly. Ensure properties are well-maintained to avoid tenant turnover and vacancies.

NPS and PF: Continue maximizing contributions to NPS and PF. At retirement, these can be significant sources of income.

SIP and Mutual Funds: Regular SIP investments in mutual funds will grow over time. Ensure a mix of equity and debt funds to balance growth and stability.

VPF Contributions: Your VPF contributions add to your retirement corpus, providing a stable and guaranteed return.

Exploring Additional Investment Options
Equity Investments
Equities offer the potential for high returns but come with higher risk. Given your time frame, you can consider increasing equity exposure. Diversified equity mutual funds or blue-chip stocks can be good options. Ensure you have a balanced approach, considering your risk tolerance.

Debt Instruments
Debt instruments like corporate bonds, government securities, and fixed deposits provide stability and regular income. Allocate a portion of your portfolio to these to balance risk. Look for options offering higher interest rates with good credit ratings.

Gold Investments
Gold is a traditional hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty. Consider investing a small portion of your portfolio in gold through ETFs or sovereign gold bonds. This diversifies your portfolio and adds a layer of security.

Planning for Inflation and Taxes
Inflation Protection
Inflation can erode your purchasing power over time. Ensure your investments grow faster than inflation. Equities and real estate generally outpace inflation, while debt instruments may lag. Keep this in mind while planning your asset allocation.

Tax Planning
Tax-efficient investing is crucial. Utilize available tax deductions and exemptions. For instance, investments in NPS, PF, and certain mutual funds offer tax benefits. Consult with a tax advisor to optimize your tax strategy, ensuring you retain more of your returns.

Financial Discipline and Regular Review
Consistent Investments
Stay disciplined with your investments. Regular contributions, even during market downturns, ensure you benefit from compounding and rupee cost averaging.

Periodic Reviews
Regularly review your financial plan and investments. Life circumstances and market conditions change, requiring adjustments to your strategy. A certified financial planner can help with this, ensuring you stay on track.

Emergency Preparedness
Maintain an emergency fund and adequate insurance coverage. This safeguards your investments and ensures financial stability during unforeseen events.

Final Insights
Your diversified investments and disciplined approach are commendable. To retire with a monthly income of Rs 3 lakhs, focus on maximizing returns, managing risk, and maintaining financial discipline. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio, ensuring it aligns with your goals and risk tolerance. By doing so, you're well on your way to a secure and comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3913 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 21, 2024Hindi
Dear Sir, I have been going through posts and thought of taking your expert advice. I started SIP almost 7-8 yrs ago with 15K I believe and now I am investing 75K pm in SIP. My current portfolio shows around 1.4 cr. Apart from that I am also contributing around 13K monthly in NPS, LIC premium of ~71K per annum, Have already paid loan for existing house (currently worth 1.6 Cr), recently booked an under construction flat and am going with bank loan (Loan amount 1.2 Cr). Planning to use the current flat for generating monthly rental income once moved to a new flat (In about 3-4 yrs) . My current monthly take home is around 2.1L pm (post all deductions). I have a car loan (~5L) which I am planning to close this year by paying off. I have FD's amounting to 6.6L which I am planning to either close off Auto Loan or Put that amount in SIP. I intend to increase SIP contribution by 5-10% every year or 2. Apart from that when my home loan EMI starts, I am also planning to close before loan period either by paying extra EMI every year or increasing EMI every year (in line with salary increment). I am thinking of retiring from the corp world and doing some freelancing at will with less or no pressure for any financially. I am 45 years old and am looking for 8-10 Cr corpus in the next 5-10 years. Please advise what needs to be done to achieve this.
Ans: You have made significant strides in your financial journey. Investing in SIPs for 7-8 years and reaching a portfolio of Rs. 1.4 crore is commendable. You are also contributing to the NPS and have a well-thought-out plan for your new home. Your goal of an 8-10 crore corpus in the next 5-10 years is ambitious but achievable with strategic planning.

Current Financial Snapshot
Monthly SIP: Rs. 75,000
NPS Contribution: Rs. 13,000 monthly
LIC Premium: Rs. 71,000 annually
Current House: Worth Rs. 1.6 crore, loan paid off
New Flat: Under construction, loan amount Rs. 1.2 crore
Monthly Income: Rs. 2.1 lakh (post deductions)
Car Loan: Rs. 5 lakh, planning to close this year
Fixed Deposits: Rs. 6.6 lakh, considering using for auto loan or SIP
Age: 45 years
Retirement Goal: 8-10 crore corpus in 5-10 years
Evaluating Your Investments
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Your SIP contributions have grown significantly from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 75,000 per month. This disciplined approach is excellent. Consider increasing your SIP by 5-10% annually to leverage the power of compounding.

National Pension System (NPS)
Your monthly contribution of Rs. 13,000 to NPS is good for retirement planning. NPS offers market-linked returns and tax benefits, making it a solid long-term investment.

LIC Premium
You are paying an annual premium of Rs. 71,000 for LIC. If this is a traditional policy with low returns, consider redirecting these funds to higher-yielding investments like mutual funds.

Fixed Deposits
You have Rs. 6.6 lakh in FDs. FDs offer safety but low returns. Using this amount to close your car loan or investing it in SIPs could yield better returns.

Debt Management
Car Loan
Closing your Rs. 5 lakh car loan this year is a good move. It will free up cash flow for additional investments or paying down your home loan.

Home Loan
You have taken a loan of Rs. 1.2 crore for an under-construction flat. Planning to generate rental income from your current flat is wise. Paying extra EMIs or increasing EMIs annually can help close the loan faster and save on interest.

Future Income Strategy
Rental Income
Once you move to your new flat, your current flat can generate rental income. This additional income can be reinvested in SIPs or used to pay off your home loan quicker.

Investment Strategy for 8-10 Crore Corpus
Increase SIP Contributions
Increasing your SIP contributions by 5-10% annually will significantly boost your corpus. This incremental approach leverages the power of compounding and inflation-adjusted growth.

Diversify Investments
Diversification reduces risk and enhances returns. Your portfolio should include a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Consider adding international mutual funds to diversify geographically.

Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform index funds. Fund managers can make strategic decisions based on market conditions, which can lead to higher returns.

Avoid Index Funds
Index funds simply track the market and lack the flexibility to capitalize on market opportunities. Actively managed funds can provide better performance due to professional management.

Invest Through a Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized advice and help optimize your investment strategy. Regular funds managed by professionals can offer better performance compared to direct funds.

Optimizing Existing Investments
Reevaluate LIC Policies
If your LIC policy offers low returns, consider surrendering it and redirecting the funds to mutual funds. Mutual funds typically offer higher returns and better growth potential.

Utilize Fixed Deposits Wisely
Using your FDs to close the car loan is a good option. Alternatively, investing the amount in SIPs can yield better returns over the long term.

Leverage NPS Benefits
Continue contributing to NPS for its tax benefits and market-linked returns. It’s a good component of your retirement portfolio.

Debt Repayment Strategy
Home Loan Prepayment
Prepaying your home loan by paying extra EMIs or increasing EMIs annually can reduce the loan tenure and save on interest. This strategy frees up funds for additional investments sooner.

Focus on High-Interest Debt
Prioritize paying off high-interest debt like the car loan first. This reduces your overall interest burden and improves cash flow.

Emergency Fund and Insurance
Maintain an Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an emergency fund covering 6-12 months of expenses. This provides financial security in case of unexpected situations.

Adequate Insurance Coverage
Review your insurance coverage to ensure it meets your needs. Adequate life and health insurance protect against unforeseen events.

Planning for Retirement
Estimate Retirement Needs
Calculate your retirement needs based on current expenses and future goals. Consider inflation and lifestyle changes in your estimation.

Align Investments with Goals
Ensure your investments align with your retirement goals. Focus on growth-oriented investments for higher returns.

Leveraging Tax Benefits
Maximize Section 80C Investments
Maximize your investments under Section 80C, including PPF, ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme), and NPS. These offer tax benefits and contribute to your overall investment strategy.

Utilize Section 80D and 80CCD(1B)
Invest in health insurance to avail benefits under Section 80D. Also, utilize the additional Rs. 50,000 deduction for NPS under Section 80CCD(1B).

Tax-efficient Investments
Consider tax-efficient investments like ELSS and NPS. These not only reduce your tax liability but also provide good returns.

Monitoring and Rebalancing Portfolio
Regular Portfolio Review
Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Make necessary adjustments based on market conditions and personal circumstances.

Rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain the desired asset allocation. This helps manage risk and optimize returns.

Educating Yourself and Staying Informed
Enhance Financial Literacy
Improve your financial literacy through books, courses, and seminars. This empowers you to make informed investment decisions.

Stay Updated
Stay updated with market trends and financial news. Understanding the economic environment helps in making better investment choices.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner
Regular consultations with a CFP provide professional advice and ensure your strategy remains on track. A CFP can help navigate market changes and personal financial shifts.

Final Insights
Reaching an 8-10 crore corpus in the next 5-10 years is ambitious but achievable. Increasing your SIP contributions, diversifying your portfolio, and strategically managing debt will pave the way to your goal. Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio, leveraging tax benefits, and consulting a Certified Financial Planner will keep you on track. Focus on long-term growth, financial discipline, and informed decision-making to secure your financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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