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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 17, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Apr 21, 2024Hindi

I am 53 years old with a wife and 19 year old son who is studying. I am debt free having own house and another apartment up for sale, after settling aside 40 lakhs for emergency fund child education and marriage, besides this all 3 of us have a mediclaim policy of 25 lakhs each.I have 2 CR as retirement fund from which I want to generate a monthly income of 1.2 lakhs with 7 percent increase every 5 years till survival Please suggest me the options for achieving the goal

Ans: You aim to generate a monthly income of ?1.2 lakhs, with a 7% increase every five years, from a ?2 crore retirement fund.

Evaluating Income Needs and Growth
Monthly Income Requirement: ?1.2 lakhs per month.
Annual Income Requirement: ?14.4 lakhs.
Increase in Income: 7% every five years.
Investment Strategy for Monthly Income
Given your goals, a mix of income-generating investments and growth-oriented funds is ideal.

Safe and Stable Options
1. Senior Citizens' Saving Scheme (SCSS)
Offers quarterly interest payments.
Current interest rate: ~8.2%.
Invest up to ?30 lakhs.
2. Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY)
Provides a regular pension.
Current interest rate: ~7.4%.
Invest up to ?15 lakhs per senior citizen.
3. Fixed Deposits (FDs) in Banks or Post Office
Offers stable returns.
Current interest rate: 6-7%.
Can ladder FDs for different maturities.
Balanced and Growth Options
1. Balanced or Hybrid Mutual Funds
Mix of equity and debt.
Potential annual returns: 8-10%.
Suitable for regular withdrawals through Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP).
2. Dividend-Paying Stocks or Equity Mutual Funds
Provides growth and dividend income.
Choose blue-chip companies with a strong dividend history.
Can help hedge against inflation.
3. Debt Mutual Funds
Invest in government and corporate bonds.
More stable than equity but lower returns.
Potential annual returns: 6-8%.
Structuring the Portfolio
1. Emergency Fund and Immediate Needs (?40 lakhs)
Keep this in liquid or short-term instruments.
Ensure easy accessibility and low risk.
2. Income Generation (?1.6 crores)
SCSS and PMVVY: Invest ?45 lakhs (?30 lakhs in SCSS and ?15 lakhs in PMVVY).
This generates regular, stable income.
Fixed Deposits and Debt Funds: Allocate ?55 lakhs.
Ladder FDs and invest in short to medium-term debt funds.
Balanced Mutual Funds and Dividend-Paying Stocks: Allocate ?60 lakhs.
Use SWPs for regular income.
Ensuring Inflation Adjustment
To ensure your income increases by 7% every five years, invest a portion in growth-oriented assets.

1. Equity Mutual Funds
Allocate part of the portfolio to equity mutual funds for growth.
Use SWP to withdraw profits.
2. Rebalance Periodically
Review the portfolio every year.
Adjust allocations based on performance and income needs.
Implementing the Plan
Start with Stable Instruments: Set up SCSS, PMVVY, and FDs for immediate income needs.
Allocate for Growth: Invest in balanced funds and dividend stocks for long-term growth.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Use SWP from mutual funds for regular income.
Monitor and Rebalance: Regularly review and adjust your portfolio.
With a diversified portfolio, combining stable income instruments and growth-oriented investments, you can achieve your retirement income goals. Regular monitoring and adjustments will ensure you stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 17, 2024Hindi
Retired on 2029. Pf balance of 2000000. Mutual fund investments of 11 lakhs Post office mis 1800000 I have a own house. No pension job Bank Fixed deposit 1000000 Please advise to generate monthly income of 50000 after retirement
Ans: Planning for Retirement Income

Retirement planning is crucial for ensuring financial stability and comfort during your golden years. Generating a steady monthly income of Rs 50,000 can be challenging but achievable with a well-thought-out strategy. Understanding your assets and how to optimize them is crucial.

Assessing Your Current Financial Status

You have several financial assets. Your provident fund (PF) balance is Rs 20 lakhs, mutual fund investments are Rs 11 lakhs, post office monthly income scheme (MIS) investments are Rs 18 lakhs, and bank fixed deposits (FDs) total Rs 10 lakhs. Owning a house provides financial stability as it eliminates rental expenses. This diverse portfolio gives you a solid foundation for retirement planning.

Certified Financial Planner (CFP) Role

A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help you create a comprehensive financial plan. Their expertise will guide you in making informed decisions. The goal is to maximize returns while ensuring capital protection and liquidity. A CFP will assess your current financial situation, understand your retirement goals, and develop a tailored plan to meet your needs.

Optimizing Provident Fund (PF) Balance

Your PF balance of Rs 20 lakhs can be utilized in a phased manner. Instead of withdrawing the entire amount, consider systematic withdrawals. This approach ensures a steady income while keeping the corpus invested for growth. A phased withdrawal strategy will help you manage your finances better and reduce the risk of depleting your funds too quickly.

Exploring Mutual Funds for Regular Income

Mutual funds offer diversification and potential for higher returns. However, choosing the right type of fund is crucial. Actively managed funds are preferable over index funds. Actively managed funds have professional fund managers who actively select stocks and bonds to outperform the market. This professional management can provide better returns and protect your investment during market downturns.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds passively track a market index. They do not aim to outperform the market. This means during market downturns, index funds will also suffer losses. They lack flexibility in managing market fluctuations, which can be a significant disadvantage during volatile periods. Moreover, index funds might not align perfectly with your specific financial goals and risk tolerance.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds have the potential to deliver higher returns than the market average. Fund managers use their expertise to make strategic decisions, which can protect your investment during market downturns. They can also identify and invest in undervalued securities, providing opportunities for growth. This active management can be particularly beneficial in a retirement portfolio where stability and consistent returns are paramount.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) in Mutual Funds

A Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments regularly. This can provide a steady income stream while keeping the remaining funds invested. An SWP is an effective way to manage your mutual fund investments for regular income. It helps in mitigating the risk of market volatility and ensures a disciplined approach to withdrawals.

Advantages of SWP

Provides a regular income stream.
Keeps the corpus invested for potential growth.
Tax-efficient compared to lump sum withdrawals.
Flexible withdrawal amounts and frequency.
Implementing an SWP in your mutual fund investments can help you generate the desired monthly income while keeping your investment intact for future growth. It is a practical approach to manage your retirement income needs.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (MIS)

The Post Office MIS is a safe investment option, providing regular income. However, the interest rates are relatively low. It is important to diversify and not rely solely on this scheme for your retirement income. Keeping a portion invested in MIS ensures capital protection and regular income. It is a low-risk component of your retirement portfolio that provides stability.

Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs)

Bank FDs offer guaranteed returns but have lower interest rates compared to other investment options. To enhance returns, consider splitting your FDs into multiple deposits with different maturity periods. This strategy, known as a laddering approach, provides liquidity and reduces interest rate risk. It ensures you have access to funds at regular intervals without compromising on returns.

Generating Monthly Income

Combining different investment avenues can help achieve your goal of Rs 50,000 monthly income. A diversified portfolio ensures a balance between growth and stability. Here’s a potential strategy:

Withdraw from your PF balance in a phased manner. This ensures longevity of the corpus.
Implement an SWP in your mutual funds to provide a regular income stream.
Keep a portion in the Post Office MIS for guaranteed income.
Use a laddering approach with bank FDs to ensure liquidity and optimize returns.
This multi-pronged strategy ensures you have a steady income while protecting your investments from market volatility.

Investment Cum Insurance Policies

If you hold LIC, ULIP, or other investment cum insurance policies, evaluate their performance. These policies often have high charges and lower returns compared to mutual funds. Surrendering these policies and reinvesting in mutual funds might be a better option. Mutual funds typically offer better returns and more flexibility compared to traditional investment cum insurance policies.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Direct mutual funds have lower expense ratios compared to regular funds. However, they require you to make all investment decisions. This can be overwhelming without professional guidance. Regular funds, through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with a CFP credential, offer valuable advice and help in selecting the right funds. The additional support and guidance can be invaluable in achieving your financial goals.

Benefits of Regular Funds

Investing through an MFD with a CFP credential provides access to expert advice. They can help you navigate market complexities, select the right funds, and achieve your financial goals. The additional cost of regular funds is justified by the professional guidance and support. This ensures you make informed investment decisions that align with your retirement goals.

Maintaining Liquidity

It is essential to maintain liquidity to meet unforeseen expenses. Keep a portion of your investments in liquid assets such as savings accounts or short-term FDs. This ensures you can access funds without disrupting your investment strategy. Having liquid assets on hand provides financial flexibility and peace of mind.

Inflation and Retirement Planning

Inflation erodes purchasing power over time. Your investment strategy should aim to outpace inflation. Actively managed funds and equity investments can provide inflation-beating returns. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio to ensure it stays aligned with your goals. Staying ahead of inflation is crucial for maintaining your standard of living during retirement.

Tax Implications

Consider the tax implications of your investments. Different investment avenues have varying tax treatments. For instance, long-term capital gains from mutual funds are taxed differently than interest from FDs. Plan your withdrawals and investments to minimize tax liabilities. A well-structured plan can help you retain more of your earnings.

Health Insurance

Health expenses can significantly impact your retirement corpus. Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage. This protects your savings from being depleted by medical costs. Review your health insurance regularly and update it as needed. Adequate health coverage is essential for protecting your retirement savings.

Review and Adjust Your Plan

Retirement planning is not a one-time activity. Regularly review your financial plan to ensure it remains aligned with your goals and market conditions. Adjust your strategy as needed to accommodate changes in your life or financial landscape. Continuous monitoring and adjustment ensure your plan stays relevant and effective.

Engaging a Certified Financial Planner

A CFP can provide personalized advice tailored to your unique situation. Their expertise can help you optimize your investments, manage risks, and achieve a stable retirement income. Engaging a CFP ensures you have a professional guiding your financial decisions. Their insights and advice can be invaluable in navigating complex financial markets.

Retirement planning can be overwhelming. Understanding your concerns and goals is crucial. A CFP listens to your needs and provides solutions that align with your aspirations. This empathetic approach ensures your financial plan is not only effective but also comforting. Knowing that a professional understands and addresses your concerns can provide peace of mind.

You have done well by accumulating substantial savings and investments. Owning a house and having diverse investments indicate good financial discipline. With a structured plan, you can achieve your goal of a steady retirement income. Your efforts in saving and investing wisely have set a strong foundation for a secure retirement.

Final Insights

Achieving a monthly income of Rs 50,000 post-retirement is possible with strategic planning. Utilize your PF balance wisely, invest in actively managed mutual funds, and diversify your portfolio. Consider professional guidance from a CFP for personalized advice. Implement an SWP for regular income, maintain liquidity, and protect against inflation. Regularly review your plan to ensure it remains effective and aligned with your goals. With a comprehensive and well-structured plan, you can enjoy financial stability and peace of mind in retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

I am 38 year old male, working in an IT company with a monthly take home salary of 3.07L and annual bonus of around 10-12L. I have 3 kids (7 yrs, 1 yr and 1 yr old) and my wife is a home maker. I have a 2bhk flat worth 65L and own two plots - worth 90L and 30L. Have just booked an under-construction 3 bhk flat recently with a housing loan of 1 cr with emi 1.15L- expecting a monthly rent of around 35k after completion in 2026. Have 3L in MF's and started investing 50k per month through SIP. Have 2L in PPF. Have around 8L in equity, which I use it regularly for generating some income through swing trading. Please suggest what is the best way to generate at least 7-8L yearly income in next few years so, it secures my kids education and other yearly expenses like car insurance (13k), term insurance (12k), LIC life insurance (39k) and family health insurance (20k)
Ans: Considering your financial situation and goals, let's delve into a comprehensive plan to generate a yearly income of at least Rs. 7-8 lakhs to secure your children's education and cover essential expenses.

Current Financial Snapshot
You're 38 years old, working in IT with a substantial monthly salary and annual bonus. Your investments include real estate, mutual funds (MFs), PPF, equity for swing trading, and insurance policies. Here’s a breakdown of your assets:

Real Estate: 2BHK flat worth Rs. 65 lakhs, two plots worth Rs. 90 lakhs and Rs. 30 lakhs.
Under-construction Flat: Expected to yield rental income of Rs. 35,000/month after completion in 2026.
Financial Investments: Rs. 3 lakhs in MFs, Rs. 2 lakhs in PPF, and Rs. 8 lakhs in equity used for swing trading.
Liabilities: Housing loan of Rs. 1 crore with an EMI of Rs. 1.15 lakhs.
Goals and Challenges
Your primary financial goals are to generate an annual income of Rs. 7-8 lakhs to secure your children's education and cover annual expenses like insurance premiums and others. Here’s how we can strategize:

1. Optimize Existing Investments
Real Estate:
Rental Income: Once your under-construction flat is completed, it can provide a steady rental income of Rs. 35,000 per month. Ensure the property is well-maintained and rented out promptly to maximize returns.
Equity and MFs:
Review Swing Trading Strategy: While swing trading can be lucrative, it’s volatile and time-consuming. Consider transitioning some equity investments into more stable instruments like diversified MFs for long-term growth without the day-to-day management.
2. Income Generation Strategies
Dividend Income:
MFs with Dividend Option: Invest in equity MFs that offer a dividend payout option. This can provide regular income without the need to sell assets.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP):
From MF Investments: Set up SWPs from your MF investments to generate a regular income stream. This allows you to withdraw a fixed amount periodically while keeping your investments intact for growth.
Rental Income:
Optimize Rental Yield: Ensure your rental properties are well-maintained and rented out at competitive rates. Consider periodic rent reviews to adjust income with market trends.
3. Insurance and Future Planning
Insurance Policies:
Review Premiums: Assess the adequacy of your insurance coverage and premiums. Consider surrendering underperforming policies (like LIC, ULIPs) if they don’t align with your financial goals and reinvest in more productive avenues.
Estate Planning:
Will and Inheritance: Ensure your estate planning is comprehensive, including the new flat and other assets. This can streamline asset distribution and minimize legal complexities for your family.
4. Long-term Financial Security
Retirement Planning:
Build a Corpus: Continue investing systematically towards retirement goals. Consider diversified avenues like MFs (actively managed), PPF for stability, and potentially explore other growth-oriented investments based on risk tolerance.
Emergency Fund:
Maintain Liquidity: Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months' worth of expenses in a liquid form (like savings accounts or short-term deposits).
Final Insights
In conclusion, achieving a sustainable income of Rs. 7-8 lakhs annually requires a balanced approach combining stable investments, optimized real estate assets, and strategic financial planning. By aligning your investments with long-term goals and ensuring adequate risk management, you can secure your children's future and maintain financial stability.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 25, 2024Hindi
Currently I am working and having 14 lac in ppf, mutual fund 27lac, shares I have 10 lacs, other investment around 10 lacs. I don't have own house staying with my parents. Currently earning around 1.5 lac month. My current age is 39, want to retire next year. Can you please advise how to generate income for my family having 2 kids and wife.
Ans: First, let me appreciate your disciplined approach to savings and investments. At 39, you have accumulated a substantial amount in PPF, mutual funds, shares, and other investments. Your total assets sum up to around Rs 61 lakhs, and you are earning a good salary of Rs 1.5 lakh per month. Planning to retire next year is a significant decision, especially with a family to support. Let's explore a comprehensive plan to generate income for your family post-retirement.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
PPF (Public Provident Fund)
Your PPF account has Rs 14 lakh. PPF is a safe and tax-efficient investment but has a lock-in period of 15 years. It provides steady returns but limited liquidity.

Mutual Funds
With Rs 27 lakh in mutual funds, you have exposure to market-linked returns. Mutual funds offer growth potential but come with market risks.

Your Rs 10 lakh investment in shares indicates a higher risk tolerance. Shares can provide high returns but also come with volatility.

Other Investments
Your other investments total Rs 10 lakh. These could include a mix of fixed deposits, bonds, or other financial instruments, providing stability and diversification.

Income Generation Strategies Post-Retirement
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from Mutual Funds
An SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly from your mutual fund investments. This can provide a steady income stream while keeping your principal invested for growth.

Dividend-Paying Stocks and Mutual Funds
Invest in dividend-paying stocks and mutual funds. These provide regular income in the form of dividends, supplementing your cash flow needs.

Monthly Income Plans (MIPs)
MIPs are mutual funds that invest in debt and equity, aiming to provide regular income. They are less risky than pure equity funds and can offer steady returns.

Senior Citizens' Savings Scheme (SCSS)
Once you turn 60, consider SCSS for a safe and regular income source. It offers attractive interest rates and is backed by the government.

Debt Mutual Funds
Investing in debt mutual funds can provide stable returns with lower risk compared to equity funds. These funds invest in bonds and fixed-income securities.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
Fixed deposits provide guaranteed returns with high safety. Although the returns are lower compared to equity, they offer stability and security.

Planning for Children's Education and Family Expenses
Children's Education Fund
Start a dedicated investment fund for your children's education. Equity mutual funds or balanced funds can be suitable for long-term growth.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures liquidity for unforeseen expenses without disrupting your investments.

Health Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage for yourself and your family. Medical emergencies can be financially draining without proper insurance.

Managing Expenses and Budgeting
Expense Tracking
Track your monthly expenses meticulously. Identify areas where you can cut down costs without compromising your lifestyle.

Budget Planning
Create a detailed budget for post-retirement expenses. Include all necessary expenses such as household, education, medical, and discretionary spending.

Lifestyle Adjustments
Consider lifestyle adjustments to align with your new income level post-retirement. Small changes can lead to significant savings.

Risk Management and Diversification
Diversified Portfolio
Maintain a diversified portfolio to spread risk. Invest across different asset classes like equity, debt, and balanced funds.

Regular Portfolio Review
Review your investment portfolio regularly. Market conditions change, and it’s crucial to rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your goals.

Tax Planning and Optimization
Tax-Efficient Investments
Invest in tax-efficient instruments like ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme) for tax savings under Section 80C. Optimize your portfolio to minimize tax liabilities.

Retirement Corpus Withdrawal Strategy
Plan your withdrawal strategy to minimize tax impact. Withdraw from tax-exempt sources like PPF and use tax-efficient SWPs.

Seeking Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Working with a CFP provides personalized advice and strategic planning. A CFP can help you navigate financial decisions and optimize your investment strategy.

Financial Workshops and Seminars
Attend financial workshops and seminars to stay updated on investment strategies and market trends. Continuous learning can enhance your financial acumen.

Creating a Legacy and Estate Planning
Will and Estate Planning
Draft a will to ensure your assets are distributed as per your wishes. Estate planning is crucial to provide financial security to your family.

Nomination and Beneficiaries
Ensure all your investments have the correct nomination details. This simplifies the process for your family in case of any eventuality.

Final Insights
Planning to retire at 40 with a family to support requires meticulous financial planning. Your current investments in PPF, mutual funds, shares, and other instruments provide a strong foundation. To generate regular income post-retirement, consider strategies like Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP) from mutual funds, dividend-paying stocks, Monthly Income Plans (MIPs), and debt mutual funds.

Maintain an emergency fund and ensure adequate health insurance coverage. Budget planning and expense tracking are essential to align your lifestyle with your new income level. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay on track with your financial goals.

Working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide valuable guidance and optimize your investment strategy. Consider tax-efficient investments and plan your withdrawals to minimize tax impact. Estate planning and drafting a will ensure your family's financial security.

Your disciplined approach to savings and investments, combined with strategic planning, will help you achieve financial stability post-retirement. Stay focused on your goals, and with the right strategies, you can secure a comfortable and fulfilling retirement for yourself and your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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