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Hemant Bokil  |77 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Mar 21, 2023

Hemant Bokil is the founder of Sanay Investments. He has over 15 years of experience in the field of mutual funds and insurance.Besides working as a financial planner, he also hosts workshops to create financial awareness. He holds an MCom from Mumbai University.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Mar 10, 2023Hindi

Hi Sir, I am 48 years old and we are family of 4 . I don't have any liabilities. My current annual expenses are Rs.18 lacs per year. For childs education I have kept Rs.50 lacs separately. How much savings will be good for me to retire in next 2 years and what should be my asset allocation?

Ans: Asset allocation can be 50 50 at your retirement age of 50 in next 2 years, and for monthly expenses of 1.5 lacs after 2cyears u need to have corpus of 2 Crores approximately.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 30, 2024Hindi
I am 51 yrs old woman. I have invested till now around 1 CR in MF, different Lic of about in total 10 lakhs that I will receive on maturity. I have different ULip policies which I will receive about 50 -60 lakhs on maturity, NSC of 2 lakh on maturity and negligible amount of 1 . 30 lakhs of Ppf which I invested since last 2 yrs . I have a home loan of about 3 lakhs left . 2 storey house of our own , though under loan . I have 2 children, 19 yrs daughter and 14 yrs son. How much should I save if I plan to retire at 55 . I have no pension
Ans: Planning for retirement at 55 requires a detailed and strategic approach, especially when considering your current financial situation and future needs. At 51, you have four years to build and solidify your retirement corpus. Let’s assess your current financial status and develop a comprehensive plan to ensure a comfortable and secure retirement.

Understanding Your Financial Position

1. Mutual Funds (MF)

You have invested Rs 1 crore in mutual funds. This is a significant investment and provides a strong foundation for your retirement corpus. Regular reviews and adjustments based on market conditions and fund performance are essential.

2. Life Insurance Policies (LIC)

You have different LIC policies worth Rs 10 lakhs. These policies will mature and provide a lump sum amount. This can be used to meet various financial needs or reinvested for better growth.

3. ULIP Policies

Your ULIP policies are expected to yield Rs 50-60 lakhs on maturity. ULIPs combine insurance and investment, offering returns based on market performance. Evaluate these policies to maximize their benefits.

4. National Savings Certificate (NSC)

You have Rs 2 lakhs in NSC, which is a safe investment providing fixed returns. This can be part of your low-risk portfolio.

5. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

You have invested Rs 1.30 lakhs in PPF over the last two years. PPF offers tax-free returns and should be continued for its benefits.

6. Home Loan

You have a home loan of Rs 3 lakhs left. Clearing this loan before retirement is advisable to reduce financial burden.

7. Real Estate

You own a two-storey house, though it’s under loan. Owning your residence is a significant advantage in retirement planning.

8. Dependents

You have two children, a 19-year-old daughter and a 14-year-old son. Their education and other needs must be considered in your financial planning.

Your commitment to building a diversified investment portfolio is commendable. Balancing investments in mutual funds, insurance, and savings schemes reflects a thoughtful approach to financial security. Your proactive planning for your children's future is also admirable.

Analyzing Income and Expenses

1. Monthly Income

Identify all sources of income, including your salary, rental income, or any other income streams. This will help in understanding your saving potential.

2. Monthly Expenses

Calculate your monthly household expenses, including utilities, groceries, education, and other essential expenses. This will provide clarity on your spending and saving capacity.

Investment Analysis and Strategy

1. Enhancing Mutual Fund Investments

Your Rs 1 crore investment in mutual funds is a strong base. Focus on a diversified portfolio with large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Regularly review and rebalance to optimize returns.

2. Life Insurance Policies (LIC)

When your LIC policies mature, reinvest the Rs 10 lakhs into diversified mutual funds or other investment avenues for better growth.

3. Maximizing ULIP Benefits

Your ULIP policies are expected to yield Rs 50-60 lakhs. Review these policies with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to maximize their returns. Consider partial withdrawals or reinvestment based on performance.

4. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

Continue contributing to your PPF account to take advantage of its tax-free returns. Increase contributions if possible to build a substantial corpus.

5. Clearing Home Loan

Aim to clear your Rs 3 lakhs home loan before retirement. Use any surplus income, bonuses, or the maturity amount from LIC policies to repay the loan.

Planning for Children’s Education

1. Daughter’s Higher Education

Your 19-year-old daughter may soon require funds for higher education. Allocate a portion of your investments or ULIP returns towards her education fund.

2. Son’s Future Education

Your 14-year-old son will also need funds for his education. Plan and save accordingly to ensure his needs are met without straining your retirement corpus.

Retirement Corpus Calculation

1. Estimating Post-Retirement Expenses

Calculate your annual expenses post-retirement, including living expenses, healthcare, travel, and any other lifestyle needs. Factor in inflation to get a realistic estimate.

2. Retirement Corpus Needed

To determine the retirement corpus, use the rule of thumb that suggests having 25-30 times your annual expenses. This ensures you have enough to sustain you through your retirement years.

3. Investment Strategy

Equity for Growth

Invest a significant portion in equity mutual funds for high returns. Equities can outpace inflation, ensuring your corpus grows over time.

Debt for Stability

Allocate funds to debt instruments for stability and regular income. This balances the high-risk equity component and provides a steady income stream.

Diversified Portfolio

Choose diversified mutual funds with a mix of equity and debt. This provides growth potential with reduced volatility.

Tax Planning

1. Maximizing Tax Deductions

Utilize Section 80C for tax-saving investments like ELSS, PPF, and insurance premiums. This reduces your taxable income and increases savings.

2. National Pension System (NPS)

Consider investing in the National Pension System (NPS) for additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B). NPS also provides a steady post-retirement income.

Health and Life Insurance

1. Adequate Health Insurance

Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance for yourself and your family. This covers major medical expenses and critical illnesses, reducing financial strain.

2. Sufficient Life Insurance

Opt for a term life insurance policy covering at least 10-15 times your annual income. This ensures financial security for your family in case of any unforeseen events.

Regular Portfolio Review

1. Annual Review

Review your investment portfolio annually. Adjust investments based on performance and changing financial goals to optimize returns.

2. Rebalancing

Rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation. This involves selling high-performing assets and buying underperforming ones to maintain balance.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner

1. Personalized Advice

A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides tailored advice. They help navigate complex financial decisions and optimize your strategy.

2. Regular Consultations

Schedule regular consultations with your CFP. This ensures you stay on track and make informed decisions based on changing financial circumstances.

Actively Managed Funds

1. Professional Management

Actively managed funds offer professional management. Fund managers make informed decisions to maximize returns.

2. Market Adaptation

These funds adapt to market conditions. They can outperform passive funds, especially in volatile markets.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

1. Lack of Flexibility

Index funds replicate the market. They lack the flexibility to adapt to changing conditions, which can limit growth potential.

2. Average Returns

Index funds typically provide average market returns. Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market, offering higher returns.

Regular Funds Over Direct Funds

1. Professional Guidance

Investing through regular funds provides professional guidance. A Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) and CFP ensure your investments align with your goals.

2. Regular Reviews

Regular funds offer periodic reviews and adjustments. This maximizes returns and manages risks effectively.

Expense Management

1. Track Spending

Monitor your monthly expenses. Identify areas where you can cut back and save more. This helps in increasing your savings rate.

2. Budgeting

Create a budget and stick to it. Allocate funds for savings, investments, and necessary expenses. This ensures disciplined financial management.

Long-Term Focus and Patience

1. Stay Invested

Remain invested for the long term. Market fluctuations are normal, and staying invested ensures you benefit from compounding.

2. Avoid Impulsive Decisions

Avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements. Stick to your long-term plan for better returns.

Diversification Across Asset Classes

1. Equity, Debt, and Gold

Diversify across equity, debt, and gold. Each asset class performs differently, providing stability and growth.

2. Balanced Approach

A balanced approach reduces risk and enhances returns. Diversification ensures a robust portfolio.

Tracking Progress and Adjustments

1. Financial Planning Tools

Use financial planning tools to track your progress. These tools help monitor investments and net worth, providing a clear picture of your financial health.

2. Make Necessary Adjustments

Adjust your investments based on changes in financial situation, goals, and market conditions. Stay flexible and proactive.

Staying Informed and Educated

1. Financial Knowledge

Stay informed about financial markets and investment opportunities. Continuous learning empowers better financial decisions.

2. Regular Updates

Keep up with market trends and updates. This helps in making timely adjustments to your portfolio for optimal returns.


Your goal of retiring at 55 is achievable with a disciplined approach. Focus on increasing your investments, managing debt, and staying diversified. Regular reviews and consultations with a Certified Financial Planner will ensure you stay on track. By following this comprehensive plan, you can achieve financial freedom and secure a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 22, 2024

Hello Anil Ji i am 58yr of age retiring in Dec 24. My family is myself wife 55yr , unmarried daughter 29yr working since last four yr in reputed MNC with good salary and career prospects. My investment are 1.09 cr of equity, 2.37cr MF equity, 0.56cr MF Debt funds. 65lacs Ulip all premium paid maturing in sept 24. FD in bank 20lacs. Total of 4.82cr. Own 3 Bhk apartment in Metro city where i live approx value 1.45cr. No loans no debts. My question is what should be my asset allocation after retirement my monthly requirement is 1.25lacs and one time expense of daughter marriage in next 1-2 yrs of 30lacs. Thanks
Ans: I appreciate the clarity and the thoroughness with which you've provided your details. It sounds like you have done a fantastic job building your assets. Let's explore how to best allocate your resources after retirement to meet your needs.

Understanding Your Financial Position
Firstly, congratulations on reaching a well-diversified asset base. Here's a summary of your assets:

Equity Investments: Rs 1.09 crore
Mutual Funds (Equity): Rs 2.37 crore
Mutual Funds (Debt): Rs 0.56 crore
ULIP: Rs 65 lakhs (maturing soon)
Fixed Deposit: Rs 20 lakhs
Real Estate: 3 BHK apartment (Rs 1.45 crore)
Your total financial assets come to around Rs 4.82 crore. You have no loans, which is excellent. Your monthly requirement is Rs 1.25 lakhs, and you have a one-time expense of Rs 30 lakhs for your daughter's marriage.

Setting the Foundation: Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial for financial security. Ensure you have at least 6 to 12 months of expenses in a liquid, low-risk account. This fund should cover unexpected expenses without disturbing your investments.

Recommended Emergency Fund: Rs 15 lakhs (12 months of expenses)
Asset Allocation Strategy Post-Retirement
Let's break down a suitable asset allocation strategy:

1. Debt Instruments for Stability
Debt instruments provide stability and regular income. They are less volatile and suitable for your monthly needs. Considering your requirement of Rs 1.25 lakhs per month, prioritize these investments:

Mutual Funds (Debt): Rs 56 lakhs already allocated. Consider adding more to this to ensure stable returns.
Fixed Deposit: Rs 20 lakhs is a good buffer. Keep this as part of your emergency fund and for short-term liquidity.
2. Equity Investments for Growth
Equity investments are essential for growth and to combat inflation. However, post-retirement, the exposure should be balanced:

Equity Investments: Rs 1.09 crore
Mutual Funds (Equity): Rs 2.37 crore
While these investments have higher returns, they come with higher risks. Consider reallocating some equity to balanced or conservative funds to reduce volatility.

3. ULIP as a Diversification Tool
Your ULIP maturing soon will provide a lump sum. ULIPs combine insurance and investment but may not always offer the best returns. Since all premiums are paid and it’s maturing, use the maturity amount wisely.

ULIP Maturity: Rs 65 lakhs. Reinvest this in safer debt funds or balanced funds for moderate growth with lower risk.
Creating a Monthly Income Stream
To generate Rs 1.25 lakhs per month, a mix of Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs) from mutual funds and interest from fixed deposits can be considered.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from mutual funds periodically. This can provide regular income without selling your investments entirely.

SWP from Debt Mutual Funds: Utilize debt funds to withdraw a steady amount monthly.
SWP from Balanced Funds: For a balanced risk approach, include some withdrawals from balanced funds.
Interest from Fixed Deposits
Interest from fixed deposits can supplement your monthly income. Ensure the interest aligns with your monthly needs and reinvest any excess for future use.

Planning for One-Time Expenses
For your daughter’s marriage, earmark Rs 30 lakhs from your existing assets. Consider using the maturity proceeds of your ULIP or liquidating some of your fixed deposits for this purpose.

Adjusting Your Portfolio
Rebalancing Equity and Debt
After ensuring your monthly needs and one-time expenses are covered, rebalance your portfolio to maintain a suitable risk level. Post-retirement, a common approach is to have a 40-60% allocation in equities and 60-40% in debt:

Equity Allocation: Aim for around 40% of your portfolio.
Debt Allocation: Aim for around 60% of your portfolio.
This balance provides growth potential while ensuring stability and regular income.

Diversifying within Debt and Equity
Within debt and equity, diversify to manage risk better:

Debt Funds: Include short-term, medium-term, and income funds.
Equity Funds: Include large-cap, mid-cap, and balanced funds.
Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning ensures you retain more of your income. Post-retirement, tax planning involves:

Tax-Exempt Instruments: Use the tax benefits of PPF and other exempt instruments.
Long-Term Capital Gains: Equity investments held for over a year have favorable tax treatment.
Tax-Efficient Withdrawals: Plan withdrawals from funds in a tax-efficient manner.
Monitoring and Review
Regular monitoring and review of your investments are crucial. Assess your portfolio at least once a year and adjust as needed to align with your goals and market conditions.

Genuine Compliments and Empathy
You've done a remarkable job in securing a diversified asset base. Managing your finances prudently has given you a solid foundation. Your focus on family and ensuring their well-being is commendable. It’s understandable to want to ensure your assets are well-managed post-retirement. I'm here to help guide you through this transition.

Final Insights
Retirement planning is about securing your future while enjoying the present. You've built a strong portfolio, and with the right adjustments, you can ensure a stable, comfortable retirement.

Emergency Fund: Keep Rs 15 lakhs for unexpected needs.
Debt Instruments: Use debt funds and FDs for stability and regular income.
Equity Investments: Maintain equity for growth but balance with lower-risk options.
ULIP Maturity: Reinvest in safe or balanced funds.
SWP: Generate monthly income through systematic withdrawals.
Tax Planning: Optimize withdrawals to minimize tax impact.
By following these steps, you can maintain your lifestyle and meet your financial goals post-retirement. Regular review and adjustments will keep you on track. Wishing you a fulfilling and stress-free retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 26, 2024Hindi
Hi, My age is 32 now unmarried. Am earning around 2.5 lakhs per month. I have 50K home loan and my monthly expenses come around 30K. I have 2 lakhs Fixed deposit , 7 lakhs in PPF ,3 lakhs in NPS and 2 lakhs invested in stock market. Please guide me how much we need for retirement and child's education in future and how to invest for the same from now on.
Ans: It’s great to see you planning your financial future early. Let’s break down your current financial status and develop a strategy to secure your retirement and future child’s education.

Understanding Your Current Financial Status
Income and Expenses

Monthly income: Rs. 2.5 lakhs
Monthly expenses: Rs. 30,000
Home loan: Rs. 50,000
Current Investments

Fixed deposit: Rs. 2 lakhs
PPF: Rs. 7 lakhs
NPS: Rs. 3 lakhs
Stock market: Rs. 2 lakhs
Your financial discipline and savings are commendable. Let's build on this to achieve your goals.

Estimating Future Needs
Retirement Corpus
Estimating your retirement needs depends on various factors like current lifestyle, inflation, and expected rate of return on investments. As a rule of thumb, you should aim to build a retirement corpus that is 20-25 times your annual expenses at retirement. This ensures you can maintain your lifestyle post-retirement without financial worries.

Child’s Education Fund
Higher education costs are rising rapidly. It's wise to plan early to ensure your child gets the best education possible. Depending on the course and country, the cost can vary significantly. However, planning for at least Rs. 50 lakhs to Rs. 1 crore for higher education is a good start.

Investment Strategies for Financial Goals
Diversifying Investments
Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are an excellent choice for long-term investments due to their potential for high returns and the power of compounding. They also offer diversification, reducing risk.

Equity Funds: Suitable for long-term goals like retirement and child’s education. These funds invest in stocks, which have the potential for high returns.

Debt Funds: These are less risky than equity funds and are good for medium-term goals. They invest in fixed-income securities.

Hybrid Funds: A mix of equity and debt funds, providing a balance between risk and return.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Investing through SIPs is a smart way to invest in mutual funds. It allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, ensuring discipline and averaging out the investment cost.

Power of Compounding

The longer you stay invested, the greater the power of compounding. Your money earns returns, and these returns also earn returns, leading to exponential growth over time.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe and reliable investment with tax benefits. It offers decent returns and should be a part of your retirement planning. Continue your contributions to PPF for steady, risk-free growth.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a great retirement-focused investment with tax benefits. It offers a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. Continue your contributions to NPS for a well-rounded retirement corpus.

Setting Up a Financial Plan
Monthly Budget Allocation
Allocate your monthly income wisely to cover expenses, loan repayment, and investments.

Expenses: Rs. 30,000
Home loan: Rs. 50,000
Investments: Rs. 1.7 lakhs
Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures financial stability during unforeseen events. Your current fixed deposit can serve as part of this emergency fund.

Investment Allocation
Short-Term Goals (1-3 years)

Emergency fund
Fixed deposits
Short-term debt funds
Medium-Term Goals (3-5 years)

Debt funds
Hybrid funds
Long-Term Goals (5+ years)

Equity mutual funds
Regular Review and Adjustment
Review your financial plan regularly and adjust based on changes in income, expenses, or goals. Stay updated on market trends and adjust your investment strategy accordingly.

Risk Management

Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance to protect against unforeseen events. This is crucial for safeguarding your financial future.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have professional fund managers making investment decisions to maximize returns. They can potentially outperform index funds, especially in volatile markets. Regularly monitor fund performance and switch if necessary.

Final Insights
Planning for retirement and child’s education requires a disciplined approach. Diversify your investments, utilize the power of compounding, and regularly review your plan. By starting early and staying committed, you can achieve your financial goals comfortably.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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