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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 01, 2024Hindi

Hi, I am a 44 year old IT professional, married with no kids, and I'm planning to retire from active work by 46 (with an option to pick up some freelance engagements). Few basic information are as below: 1. 3 houses paid for, worth approx INR 5.5 Cr 2. Cumulative FD worth INR 2 Cr, split between myself & spouse 3. NPS worth INR 13 lakhs 4. MF portfolio worth approx INR 40 lakhs 5. Medical insurance with a cumulative coverage of INR 1.5 Cr, for self & spouse. 6. Parents are not financially dependent on me. 7. Current monthly expenses are around INR 1.5 lakh. 8. Annual holiday pegged at INR 20 lakhs 9. No rental yield from the houses, as they're self occupied I will continue to save/invest approx INR 6.5 lakh per month till my retirement date, which is tentatively set for mid 2026. My questions are as below: 1. Assuming I have a net savings/investment of INR 4 Cr, along with the 3 houses, will it lead to a sufficient retirement corpus. 2. If I need to continue living a similar lifestyle, how much will I need as a corpus. Thanks in advance.

Ans: Retirement planning is crucial, especially when you're aiming to retire early and maintain a comfortable lifestyle. Let's delve into a comprehensive analysis of your financial situation and create a strategy to ensure a secure and enjoyable retirement.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Assets and Investments

Three Houses: Worth approximately Rs. 5.5 crore. These are self-occupied and provide no rental income.
Fixed Deposits: Totaling Rs. 2 crore, split between you and your spouse.
National Pension System (NPS): Worth Rs. 13 lakh.
Mutual Fund Portfolio: Valued at around Rs. 40 lakh.
Medical Insurance: Coverage of Rs. 1.5 crore for you and your spouse.
Current Expenses

Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Annual Holiday Expenses: Rs. 20 lakh.
Savings and Investments Until Retirement

You will save and invest Rs. 6.5 lakh per month until mid-2026.
Evaluating Your Retirement Corpus Requirements
Estimation of Required Corpus

To estimate your retirement corpus, we need to consider your current expenses, inflation, and your expected lifespan. Let's break this down step by step.

Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Annual Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh x 12 = Rs. 18 lakh.
Annual Holiday Expenses: Rs. 20 lakh.
Total Annual Expenses: Rs. 18 lakh + Rs. 20 lakh = Rs. 38 lakh.
Accounting for Inflation
Inflation reduces the purchasing power of money over time. Assuming an average inflation rate of 6% per annum, we need to estimate your future expenses.

Calculating Future Expenses
You are currently 44 and plan to retire at 46. Let's assume you live till 85, giving us a retirement period of 39 years.

Future Value of Annual Expenses: Rs. 38 lakh will increase due to inflation.

So, your annual expenses at the start of retirement will be approximately Rs. 42.7 lakh.

Total Corpus Required
To maintain a similar lifestyle throughout your retirement, we need to calculate the corpus required to support these expenses, adjusted for inflation over 39 years.

Considering Withdrawal Rate
A common rule of thumb is the 4% withdrawal rate, which suggests you can withdraw 4% of your retirement corpus annually without depleting it prematurely.

Corpus Required for First Year Expenses:

you need approximately Rs. 10.67 crore at the start of your retirement.

Analyzing the Gap
Required Corpus: Rs. 10.67 crore.

Projected Corpus by Retirement: Rs. 4.48 crore.

Gap: Rs. 10.67 crore - Rs. 4.48 crore ≈ Rs. 6.19 crore.

Strategies to Bridge the Gap
Optimizing Investments

Reallocate Assets: Shift some FD and mutual funds into higher growth options like equity mutual funds. This can potentially provide higher returns.

Increase Savings Rate: If possible, increase your monthly savings rate.

Extend Retirement Date: Consider extending your retirement by a few years to accumulate a larger corpus.

Detailed Investment Strategies

Equity Mutual Funds
Investing in equity mutual funds offers growth potential. These funds can provide returns that beat inflation over the long term. Focus on large-cap and diversified equity funds to manage risk.

Hybrid Mutual Funds
Hybrid funds offer a balanced approach, combining equity and debt. They provide growth with reduced volatility. These can be a good addition to your portfolio for stability and growth.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds are less volatile and provide stable returns. They are suitable for preserving capital and generating regular income. Include a mix of short-term and medium-term debt funds.

National Pension System (NPS)
Continue contributing to NPS. It offers tax benefits and market-linked returns. At retirement, use a portion for annuities and withdraw the rest.

Realign Fixed Deposits
Consider moving a portion of your fixed deposits to mutual funds or other growth-oriented investments. FDs offer safety but lower returns compared to mutual funds.

Medical Insurance Coverage
Your medical insurance coverage of Rs. 1.5 crore is sufficient. Ensure it continues post-retirement. Consider adding top-up plans if needed.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Rebalance it to maintain the desired asset allocation. Adjust based on market conditions and your financial goals.

Risk Management
Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures liquidity for unforeseen expenses.


Diversify your investments across asset classes to reduce risk. Avoid putting all your money in one type of investment.

Monitoring Expenses
Track Expenses

Keep track of your expenses. Adjust your budget if needed to ensure you stay within your retirement income.

Manage Lifestyle Inflation

Be cautious of lifestyle inflation. As your income grows, avoid unnecessary expenses that can erode your savings.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Withdrawals

Plan your withdrawals to minimize tax liability. Use systematic withdrawal plans (SWP) from mutual funds for regular income.

Utilize Tax Benefits

Take advantage of tax-saving investments under Section 80C, 80D, and other applicable sections. This reduces your taxable income.

Freelance Engagements
Consider freelance work post-retirement. It can provide additional income and keep you engaged. This can reduce the pressure on your retirement corpus.

Retirement planning requires careful analysis and strategy. With your current savings and planned investments, you're on the right track. By optimizing your investments, increasing savings, and managing expenses, you can build a sufficient retirement corpus.

Ensure regular review and rebalancing of your portfolio. Work with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to tailor your strategy and achieve your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 08, 2024

Hi Dev, I hope you're doing well. I have a question that I think you might be able to assist me with. I'm 52 years old and currently need to plan for my children's education expenses. My elder child's education is ongoing and requires 10 lakhs, while my younger child will require 30 lakhs in two years. Here's a breakdown of my investments: Stocks, Mutual Funds, and Portfolio Management Services amount to 2.6 crores, and I have 40 lakhs in my Provident Fund. I also receive a monthly rent of 2 lakhs. If I estimate my monthly expenses at 1 lakh, do you think I can retire comfortably with this corpus? In the worst-case scenario, I can liquidate one of my properties, which could yield 3 crores. Ideally, I would like to retire without touching my real estate investments. My life expectancy is 85 years. Additionally, I have medical insurance coverage of 12 lakhs plus a top-up of 90 lakhs. I plan to travel twice a year during retirement, with an estimated expenditure of 1.5-2 lakhs per year. I would appreciate your insights on this matter. Thank you, Geo
Ans: Let's delve into your situation and see how we can address your concerns regarding your children's education expenses and retirement planning.

Firstly, it's commendable that you're proactively planning for your children's education. With the elder child's education requiring 10 lakhs and the younger child's needing 30 lakhs in two years, it's crucial to ensure you have sufficient funds set aside for these expenses.

You mentioned having investments in stocks, mutual funds, and Portfolio Management Services amounting to 2.6 crores, along with 40 lakhs in your Provident Fund. Additionally, you receive a monthly rent of 2 lakhs, which significantly contributes to your income.

Considering your monthly expenses are estimated at 1 lakh, and you have a potential fallback option of liquidating one of your properties, which could yield 3 crores, it seems you have a robust financial foundation.

With your life expectancy being 85 years and adequate medical insurance coverage, coupled with your retirement plans of traveling twice a year with estimated expenditures, you seem well-prepared for retirement.

However, it's essential to ensure that your investment portfolio is diversified and aligned with your risk tolerance and long-term goals. Regularly review your investments and make adjustments as necessary to stay on track.

Overall, it appears that you're in a good position to retire comfortably and fulfill your financial goals. If you have any further questions or need assistance in fine-tuning your financial plan, feel free to reach out. Wishing you all the best!

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 23, 2024Hindi
I am 50 years age. My monthly expenses are 1 Lacs PM. I do not have any loan and stay in my own house. I want to plan early retirement and my investment are Equity - 1.5 cr MF - 50 L PPF - 25 L PF - 50 L FD for child higher education - 50 L Property - 85 L (get 20 K rent PM) Is my corpus sufficient to maintain current life style ? What should be my investment split if I take retirement now.
Ans: I understand your situation and goals. Let’s delve into an early retirement plan for you, considering your current investments and future needs.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You are 50 years old, aiming for early retirement. Your monthly expenses are Rs. 1 lakh. You live in your own house, with no loan liabilities, which is great. Here’s a breakdown of your investments:

Equity: Rs. 1.5 crore
Mutual Funds (MF): Rs. 50 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs. 25 lakh
Provident Fund (PF): Rs. 50 lakh
Fixed Deposit (FD) for child’s higher education: Rs. 50 lakh
Property: Rs. 85 lakh (generating Rs. 20,000 rent per month)
Evaluating Your Retirement Corpus
To maintain your current lifestyle, you need a substantial retirement corpus. Let’s assess if your current investments are sufficient.

Monthly Expenses and Retirement Period
Assuming you want to retire now and live up to 85 years, your retirement period is 35 years. Your current monthly expenses are Rs. 1 lakh, totaling Rs. 12 lakh annually. Considering inflation and other factors, this amount will increase over time.

Rental Income
You earn Rs. 20,000 per month from your property, which translates to Rs. 2.4 lakh annually. This income will help supplement your retirement corpus.

Analyzing Your Investments
Equity Investments
Equity investments of Rs. 1.5 crore have the potential for high growth but come with higher risk. Equities are suitable for long-term wealth creation due to the power of compounding and potential for higher returns.

Mutual Funds
You have Rs. 50 lakh in mutual funds. A diversified mutual fund portfolio can balance risk and returns, offering growth and stability. Equity mutual funds can provide high returns, while debt mutual funds offer stability and regular income.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Your PPF amount is Rs. 25 lakh. PPF is a safe investment with tax benefits and fixed returns, suitable for long-term goals.

Provident Fund (PF)
You have Rs. 50 lakh in your PF. Similar to PPF, PF offers stable returns and tax benefits, contributing significantly to your retirement corpus.

Fixed Deposit (FD) for Child’s Education
You have Rs. 50 lakh in FD for your child’s higher education. This amount is earmarked for a specific purpose and should remain untouched for retirement planning.

Planning for Early Retirement
To plan for early retirement, consider the following steps:

1. Assess Retirement Corpus Requirement
Calculate the total corpus required to sustain your lifestyle. You need Rs. 1 lakh per month, totaling Rs. 12 lakh annually. Over 35 years, accounting for inflation, you need a substantial corpus.

2. Investment Split Post-Retirement
Post-retirement, your investments should balance growth and stability. Here’s a suggested investment split:

Equity: 30%
Debt Mutual Funds: 30%
PPF and PF: 30%
FDs and Other Safe Instruments: 10%
3. Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Use SWPs to withdraw a fixed amount regularly from your mutual funds. SWPs provide a regular income, ensuring financial stability without depleting your corpus rapidly.

Detailed Investment Strategy
1. Equity Investments
Keep 30% of your corpus in equity investments. Equities offer high growth potential but come with volatility. Diversify your equity investments across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks to balance risk and returns.

2. Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a crucial part of your retirement planning. Here’s a detailed look at the types of mutual funds:

Equity Mutual Funds: Invest in stocks, offering high growth potential. Suitable for long-term wealth creation.
Debt Mutual Funds: Invest in bonds and fixed-income securities, offering stability and regular income.
Hybrid Mutual Funds: Invest in a mix of equity and debt, providing a balanced approach.
The power of compounding in mutual funds can significantly grow your wealth over time. Reinvested earnings generate additional returns, creating a snowball effect.

3. PPF and PF
PPF and PF are safe investments with guaranteed returns and tax benefits. Keep 30% of your corpus in these instruments. They provide stability and security, essential for a retired life.

4. Fixed Deposits and Safe Instruments
Allocate 10% of your corpus to FDs and other safe instruments. These provide liquidity and safety, ensuring funds are available for emergencies.

Risk Management and Diversification
1. Diversification
Diversify your investments across asset classes to manage risk. A balanced portfolio of equities, debt, and safe instruments can weather market volatility and provide steady returns.

2. Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. Adjust your investments based on market conditions and changing financial goals. Rebalancing ensures your portfolio remains aligned with your risk tolerance and retirement objectives.

Power of Compounding
Compounding plays a significant role in wealth creation. By reinvesting your returns, you can generate additional returns on your investments. This snowball effect can significantly grow your corpus over time.

Final Insights
Planning for early retirement requires careful consideration and strategic investment. Here’s a summary of key points:

Assess Retirement Corpus: Calculate the total corpus required to sustain your lifestyle.
Diversify Investments: Maintain a diversified portfolio with a mix of equity, debt, and safe instruments.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan: Use SWPs to ensure a regular income post-retirement.
Review and Rebalance: Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your goals and risk tolerance.
Seek Professional Guidance: Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and strategies.
By following these strategies, you can achieve financial security and a comfortable lifestyle post-retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5173 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 28, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 26 years old, I am investing 3500 Rupees in Mutual fund every month and another 5000 in stocks and ETF monthly. My current investment portfolio looks as below. MF: Invested(37.4k)-- currently(46.5k) from last 11 months Stocks: Invested( 152.7k) --- currently(248.7k) from last 2 years I would like to retire at 50 years, please confirm me what can be my total corpus that i need to meet expenses after 24 years and enjoy a moderate luxury . own home is there so no need of another home for living. Thank you.
Ans: Nice to see you investing at 26. It’s great to start early.

Your current portfolio shows discipline and a good mix of mutual funds, stocks, and ETFs.

Mutual funds: Rs 37,400 invested, now worth Rs 46,500 in 11 months.

Stocks: Rs 152,700 invested, now worth Rs 248,700 in 2 years.

Great job! Your investments are performing well.

Evaluating Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a fantastic way to diversify. They offer professional management and can reduce risk.

They come in various types, each with its own risk and return potential.

Categories of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks, higher risk but potentially higher returns.

Debt Funds: Invest in bonds, lower risk, stable returns.

Hybrid Funds: Mix of equity and debt, balanced risk and return.

Sectoral Funds: Invest in specific sectors, higher risk.

Advantages of Mutual Funds
Diversification: Spreads risk across different securities.

Professional Management: Managed by experts.

Liquidity: Easy to buy and sell.

Systematic Investment: Invest small amounts regularly.

Risks of Mutual Funds
Market Risk: Fluctuations in market can affect returns.

Interest Rate Risk: Changes in interest rates can impact debt funds.

Credit Risk: Default by issuers can affect debt funds.

Power of Compounding in Mutual Funds
The real magic of mutual funds is in compounding. Your returns earn returns, creating exponential growth.

Start early, stay invested, and watch your money grow.

Evaluating Stocks and ETFs
Stocks and ETFs can offer higher returns but come with higher risks.

Disadvantages of Index Funds (ETFs)
Lack of Active Management: No expert managing your investment.

Market Dependent: Reflects market performance, no potential to outperform.

Less Flexibility: Limited to the index components.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Expert Management: Professional fund managers making decisions.

Potential to Outperform: Can beat the market.

Risk Management: Active strategies to manage risks.

Your Retirement Plan
You aim to retire at 50. Great goal! Let’s figure out the corpus you need.

First, list your expected monthly expenses post-retirement. Include lifestyle expenses, healthcare, travel, etc.

Estimating Your Corpus
To estimate your retirement corpus, consider inflation and your life expectancy.

Use a rule of thumb: 25 to 30 times your annual expenses as your retirement corpus.

Strategy for Building Your Corpus
Increase SIP in Mutual Funds: Gradually increase your SIP amount. More SIP, more compounding.

Diversify Investments: Continue with a mix of mutual funds, stocks, and ETFs.

Review Regularly: Keep track of your portfolio’s performance and rebalance as needed.

Emergency Fund: Keep a separate emergency fund, don’t dip into your investments.

Importance of Regular Investments
Consistency is key. Regular investments, even small, can lead to significant growth over time.

Working with a Certified Financial Planner
A CFP can guide you with tailored advice and strategies.

They can help with asset allocation, risk management, and goal planning.

Final Insights
You’re on the right path with your investments. Keep up the good work!

Focus on increasing your SIPs and diversifying your portfolio.

Regular reviews and adjustments will keep you on track.

Your early start and disciplined approach will pay off big time.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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