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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 13, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 09, 2024Hindi

I have a monthly income of 1.4 lacs. Have 62 Lacs in FD, 5 Lacs in PF and about 5 lacs in equity. I spend about 40 k per month. How can I plan my retirement. Please suggest. Thanks.

Ans: Considering your current financial situation, planning for retirement is a wise decision to ensure financial security in your later years. With a monthly income of 1.4 lacs and expenses of 40k per month, you have a healthy surplus that can be channelled towards retirement planning.

Firstly, let's assess your existing assets. Your FDs, PF, and equity investments provide a good foundation. However, to optimize your retirement planning, consider diversifying your investments to maximize returns while managing risk.

Given the conservative nature of FDs, it's advisable to explore other investment avenues that offer potential for higher returns. Consider gradually reallocating a portion of your FDs into equity-oriented investments like mutual funds or stocks. This can help you benefit from the potential growth of equity markets over the long term.

Additionally, your PF balance is a valuable asset for retirement planning. Ensure you're maximizing contributions to your PF account to build a substantial corpus for retirement. Explore options like Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) to increase your PF contributions beyond the mandatory limit.

Regarding your equity investments, review your portfolio regularly to ensure it aligns with your risk tolerance and investment goals. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to optimize your asset allocation and select suitable investment avenues based on your risk profile and retirement timeline.

Lastly, continue to monitor your expenses and budget effectively to maintain a healthy savings rate. Consider creating an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses and mitigate financial risks.

Remember, retirement planning is a journey that requires careful consideration and proactive decision-making. By taking steps to optimize your investments and manage your finances wisely, you can build a secure financial future for your retirement years.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 12, 2024Hindi
I have a monthly income of 1.4 lacs. Have 62 Lacs in FD, 5 Lacs in PF and about 5 lacs in equity. I spend about 40 k per month. How can I plan my retirement. Please suggest. Thanks.
Ans: Given your current financial situation, planning for retirement requires a strategic approach to ensure financial security in your golden years. Let's outline a retirement plan tailored to your needs:

Assess Retirement Needs: Start by estimating your expected expenses during retirement. Consider factors such as healthcare costs, living expenses, travel, and leisure activities. Be realistic in your estimations to ensure you have adequate funds to maintain your desired lifestyle.

Evaluate Current Assets: Take stock of your existing assets, including FDs, PF, and equity investments. Calculate their expected growth over time and factor in inflation to determine their future value. This assessment will provide a baseline for your retirement corpus.

Investment Strategy: Given your conservative investment approach with significant holdings in FDs and PF, consider diversifying your portfolio to optimize returns while managing risk. Allocate a portion of your portfolio to equity investments for long-term growth potential, balanced with fixed-income securities for stability.

Retirement Corpus Calculation: Determine the desired corpus needed to sustain your lifestyle during retirement. Factor in inflation, life expectancy, and potential healthcare expenses. Use online retirement calculators or consult with a Certified Financial Planner to arrive at a realistic target amount.

Savings and Investments: Maximize your savings by setting aside a portion of your monthly income specifically for retirement. Channel these savings into a mix of retirement-focused investments such as Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS), National Pension System (NPS), and Mutual Funds tailored for retirement planning.

Regular Review and Adjustment: Regularly review your retirement plan to track progress towards your goals and make adjustments as needed. As you approach retirement age, gradually shift your portfolio towards more conservative investments to preserve capital and minimize risk.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months' worth of living expenses to cover unforeseen expenses or income disruptions during retirement.

Consult a Financial Planner: Consider seeking guidance from a Certified Financial Planner who can provide personalized advice based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and retirement timeline. They can help optimize your retirement plan and address any concerns or uncertainties you may have.

By following these steps and staying disciplined in your savings and investment approach, you can work towards building a substantial retirement corpus that will provide financial security and peace of mind in your retirement years.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 11, 2024Hindi
I am 36 years old, 18 Lacs in the share market. 15 lacs in the Mutual funds and 27 Lac of home loan for 10 years at my home town and leaving in the metro city with 28k rent. In terms of dependent I have with my wife and 3 year old daughter. How can I plan my retirement?I do have saving scheme like Ssy and PPF in these invest is not appropriate or planned
Ans: Planning for retirement is a crucial step towards ensuring financial stability in your later years. You have a good foundation with investments in the share market and mutual funds, but a comprehensive plan will help you achieve your goals effectively. Let's dive into a detailed analysis of your current situation and develop a strategic retirement plan.

Understanding Your Current Financial Position
You are 36 years old, living in a metro city with your wife and a 3-year-old daughter. You have a home loan, pay rent, and have investments in shares and mutual funds.

Assets and Liabilities
Share Market Investments: Rs 18 lakhs
Mutual Funds: Rs 15 lakhs
Home Loan: Rs 27 lakhs (10-year tenure)
Monthly Rent: Rs 28,000
Monthly Expenses and Income
Considering your rent and other household expenses, it's essential to plan your cash flow efficiently. Let's assume your monthly household expenses, excluding rent, are Rs 40,000.

You have your wife and daughter as dependents. Planning for their future needs, including your daughter's education and marriage, is vital.

Strategic Planning for Retirement
Setting Retirement Goals
Desired Retirement Age: Let’s assume you aim to retire at 60.
Post-Retirement Monthly Expenses: Considering inflation, your current Rs 40,000 expenses will increase. Planning for Rs 1 lakh monthly post-retirement is prudent.
Retirement Corpus: To sustain Rs 1 lakh monthly for 20-30 years, a significant corpus is needed. Let's aim for Rs 5-6 crores.
Evaluating Current Investments
Share Market Investments
Your Rs 18 lakhs in shares is a good start. However, stock investments are volatile. Diversifying into stable instruments will reduce risk.

Mutual Funds
Your Rs 15 lakhs in mutual funds should be reviewed for performance and diversification. Actively managed funds can potentially offer higher returns than passive index funds.

Home Loan
A Rs 27 lakh home loan is a significant liability. Paying it off early can save interest costs and reduce financial stress.

Developing a Detailed Plan
Emergency Fund
Establish an emergency fund covering 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be in a liquid or savings account.

Emergency Fund Amount: Rs 5-6 lakhs
Location: Savings account or liquid mutual fund
Home Loan Repayment
Prioritize paying off the home loan. Reducing this debt will free up resources for other investments.

Extra EMI Payments: Consider making extra EMI payments to reduce the tenure and interest burden.
Refinance Options: Explore refinancing the loan at a lower interest rate.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Continue or start SIPs in mutual funds. SIPs help in disciplined investing and rupee cost averaging.

Monthly SIP Amount: Allocate a portion of your income towards SIPs in equity and debt mutual funds.
Diversification: Ensure a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and debt funds.
Child's Education and Marriage Planning
Start a dedicated investment plan for your daughter's education and marriage.

Education Corpus: Estimate future education costs and start investing in child-specific plans or equity funds.
Marriage Corpus: Begin a parallel investment for marriage expenses.
Retirement Corpus Building
Aggressively build your retirement corpus through a combination of equity, mutual funds, and PPF.

Equity Investments: Continue investing in shares but diversify to reduce risk.
Mutual Funds: Increase SIP contributions and opt for a balanced mix of equity and debt funds.
PPF and Other Schemes: Continue investing in PPF for stable returns and tax benefits.
Review and Rebalance Portfolio
Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Rebalance to maintain the desired asset allocation.

Calculations and Projections
Home Loan Repayment
Assuming an interest rate of 8% on your Rs 27 lakh home loan with a 10-year tenure:

Current EMI: Approx. Rs 32,830
Interest Outflow: Reducing the tenure through extra payments can significantly lower interest costs.
SIP and Mutual Funds
Assuming an average return of 10% from equity mutual funds:

Current Mutual Fund Value: Rs 15 lakhs
Monthly SIP: Rs 20,000
Future Value (24 years): Using compound interest formula, your SIPs can grow substantially.
Retirement Corpus Projection
To achieve a Rs 5-6 crore corpus in 24 years, you need a strategic investment plan. Assuming a mixed portfolio return of 10-12%:

Current Investments: Rs 33 lakhs (shares + mutual funds)
Annual Addition: Rs 2.4 lakhs (Rs 20,000 SIP)
Future Value: Your investments can potentially grow to meet your retirement goals.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds offer potential advantages over index funds:

Professional Management: Fund managers actively select stocks to outperform benchmarks.
Flexibility: They can adapt to market conditions, potentially reducing losses in downturns.
Higher Returns: With the right strategy, they can offer higher returns than passive funds.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct mutual funds have lower expense ratios but require more involvement:

Complexity: Investors must choose and manage funds themselves.
Time-Consuming: Keeping up with market trends and fund performance needs time.
Risk of Poor Choices: Without professional guidance, there’s a risk of poor investment decisions.
Importance of Professional Guidance
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide:

Tailored Advice: CFPs offer personalized plans based on your goals and risk tolerance.
Regular Monitoring: They track your investments and suggest timely adjustments.
Comprehensive Planning: CFPs help with tax, retirement, and estate planning.
Additional Financial Considerations
Ensure adequate life and health insurance coverage. This protects your family in case of unforeseen events.

Life Insurance: Opt for term insurance covering at least 10-15 times your annual income.
Health Insurance: A comprehensive health plan covers medical expenses and safeguards savings.
Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning can save money and enhance your investment corpus.

Tax-Saving Investments: Utilize Section 80C for investments in PPF, ELSS, and other schemes.
Deductions: Avail deductions for home loan interest under Section 24(b).
Final Insights
Your financial journey towards retirement requires careful planning and disciplined investing. By focusing on paying off your home loan, building an emergency fund, and investing in a diversified portfolio, you can achieve your retirement goals. Regular reviews and adjustments, along with professional guidance, will ensure you stay on track.

By following this comprehensive strategy, you can secure a comfortable retirement and provide for your family's future needs.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 03, 2024Hindi
Hi i am 39 year old my in hand salary after tax is 51 lpm I have fixed deposit worth 80 lac ppf of 34 lac, I have own flat fully paid, mutual fund around 13 lac,10 lac emergency fund, my wife housewife and son is 3 year old, what can I do to plan my retirement my current yearly expense is around 9 lacs and I don't have any loan
Ans: Planning for retirement is crucial, and it's wonderful that you're thinking ahead. Let's create a comprehensive plan to ensure a comfortable and secure retirement for you and your family. I'll guide you through the steps and strategies needed, addressing various aspects of your financial situation.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You have a strong financial foundation, which is great. Your current financial assets include:

Fixed Deposit: Rs. 80 lakh
PPF: Rs. 34 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs. 13 lakh
Emergency Fund: Rs. 10 lakh
Fully Paid Flat
Your annual expenses are Rs. 9 lakh, and you have no loans. With these details in mind, we can create a solid retirement plan.

Setting Retirement Goals
First, let's set clear retirement goals. This includes determining the age you wish to retire, estimating your post-retirement expenses, and accounting for inflation.

Retirement Age: Let's assume you plan to retire at 60.
Post-Retirement Expenses: Estimating your expenses to increase with inflation, let's assume Rs. 12 lakh annually.
Your current expenses of Rs. 9 lakh will likely increase over time due to inflation. Planning for increased expenses ensures you won't fall short of funds during retirement.

Building a Retirement Corpus
To ensure a comfortable retirement, you need to build a substantial retirement corpus. Given your current financial assets and future goals, let's discuss how to achieve this.

Mutual Funds: A Key Investment
Mutual funds are a crucial part of your investment strategy. They offer diversification, professional management, and the potential for higher returns. Let's explore the categories of mutual funds and their benefits:

1. Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest in stocks. They have the potential for high returns but come with higher risk.

2. Debt Mutual Funds
Debt mutual funds invest in bonds and fixed income securities. They are safer but offer lower returns compared to equity funds.

3. Balanced or Hybrid Funds
These funds invest in both equity and debt, providing a balance of risk and return.

Advantages of Mutual Funds
Diversification: Mutual funds spread investments across various assets, reducing risk.
Professional Management: Experts manage your investments, aiming for the best returns.
Liquidity: You can easily buy or sell mutual fund units.
Compounding: Reinvesting returns can lead to significant growth over time.
Risk and Power of Compounding
Mutual funds come with market risks. However, long-term investments usually balance out short-term market fluctuations. The power of compounding significantly boosts your corpus over time. By reinvesting your returns, your money grows faster.

Disadvantages of Index Funds and Direct Funds
While index funds track market indices and come with lower fees, they lack the active management that can potentially outperform the market. Direct funds may save on commissions, but investing through a certified financial planner (CFP) provides valuable guidance and better fund selection.

Investing in Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, chosen by an experienced CFP, often outperform index funds. A CFP’s expertise helps in selecting funds tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Structuring Your Investments
Now, let's structure your investments to build a robust retirement corpus.

Emergency Fund
You already have a Rs. 10 lakh emergency fund. Keep this in a liquid or ultra-short-term debt fund to ensure quick access.

Fixed Deposits and PPF
Your fixed deposit and PPF are safe investments. However, their returns may not outpace inflation in the long term. Consider moving a portion into higher-yielding investments like mutual funds.

Diversifying Your Mutual Fund Portfolio
Diversification is key. Spread your investments across various mutual funds:

Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion to equity funds for higher returns.
Debt Funds: Invest in debt funds for stability and income.
Balanced Funds: Include balanced funds to mitigate risk while aiming for growth.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Investing through SIPs ensures disciplined investing and rupee cost averaging. This strategy reduces the impact of market volatility.

Reviewing and Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. This ensures your investments stay aligned with your goals and risk tolerance. A CFP can provide ongoing guidance and adjustments.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning maximizes your returns. Utilize tax-saving instruments and plan withdrawals to minimize tax liabilities.

Insurance Coverage
Ensure you have adequate insurance coverage:

Life Insurance: Protect your family’s future with sufficient life insurance.
Health Insurance: Adequate health insurance covers medical emergencies without draining your savings.
Retirement Income Streams
Plan for multiple income streams during retirement:

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Use SWPs from mutual funds for regular income.
Dividends: Invest in dividend-paying funds or stocks.
Part-Time Work: Consider part-time work or consultancy for additional income.
Estate Planning
Estate planning ensures your assets are distributed as per your wishes. Prepare a will and consider trusts for efficient transfer of wealth.

Final Insights
Planning for retirement involves a multi-faceted approach. By diversifying your investments, utilizing mutual funds, and planning for tax efficiency, you can build a substantial retirement corpus. Regular reviews and adjustments with a CFP ensure you stay on track to achieve your retirement goals.

Planning your retirement requires careful consideration of various factors. By following the outlined strategies, you can ensure a comfortable and secure retirement for you and your family. Regularly consulting with a CFP will help you stay on track and make informed decisions.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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Asked by Anonymous - Jul 18, 2024Hindi
What is better to choose between vet or bpharm (I am a gen category student).According to my research I came to know that in today's market the bpharm graduates are not even considered as reputated pharmacists,after the degree too they get placements of 12k-15k per month only and growth even after a master's is not much. Whereas in vet gov vacancies are open but will everyone get the gov jobs ? Also in coming years what are the demands of these both fields and what is better to choose
Ans: Hi,
It seems there may be some misunderstanding and disappointment regarding the analysis of job opportunities in the pharmaceutical field. It's important to note that the pharmaceutical sector still holds promising prospects. However, it is essential for candidates to acquire in-depth knowledge. Completing a B.Pharm alone does not guarantee comprehensive expertise. It's essential to delve beyond the basic surface-level knowledge obtained during undergraduate studies. I'm unaware of your state of residence and the college where you pursued your B.Pharm.

Key locations with a strong pharmaceutical industry presence include Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. Chennai also has a few reputable pharmaceutical companies, albeit in limited numbers. It's crucial to consider your career choice rather than just a job. What is your preference: IT, Marketing/Sales, or Core Pharma? In IT, the remuneration is considerably higher in comparison to core pharmaceutical roles, but sustainability may be a concern. On the other hand, Sales/Marketing requires hard work but offers significantly better remuneration, e.g., INR 6-8L per annum. If the pharmaceutical industry is your preference, starting packages for fresh B. Pharm graduates typically range between INR 15,000 to 25,000.

Ultimately, the decision is yours to make. I wish you the best for your future endeavors.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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