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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 12, 2024Hindi

Hi sir, i have a land of 1.5 cr and no loans. Also I have my own house.My age is 38. I am working in IT, and due to heavy work pressure, I want to quit. Is it fine if i quit my job and can survive for next 30 years by investing land.. Thanks.

Ans: Understanding Your Current Financial Position
At 38 years old, you have a significant asset base. Owning a piece of land valued at Rs 1.5 crore and having no loans is commendable. Your own house further adds to your financial stability. Your achievements are noteworthy, and it's clear you've worked hard to build a secure foundation.

Evaluating the Decision to Quit Your Job
Quitting your job due to work pressure is a significant decision. It's important to assess whether your current assets and potential investments can sustain you for the next 30 years. Let's break down this decision into various factors that need consideration.

Assessing Your Monthly Expenses
First, calculate your monthly expenses. Include all essential costs like food, utilities, healthcare, insurance, and any dependents' needs. Understanding your monthly expenditure is crucial in determining if your investments can cover these costs for the next 30 years.

Estimating Future Inflation
Inflation impacts the purchasing power of your money over time. An average inflation rate of 5-6% per year can significantly increase your expenses over the years. Consider future inflation to ensure your investments can keep up with rising costs.

Potential Income from Land
Your land valued at Rs 1.5 crore is a substantial asset. However, it is essential to understand the potential income it can generate. Selling the land and investing the proceeds is one option. Alternatively, leasing it out could provide a regular income stream.

Investment Options for Long-Term Stability
Investing the proceeds from the sale of land requires a well-thought-out strategy. Given the long-term horizon, a mix of equity, mutual funds, and debt instruments can provide growth and stability. Let's explore these options in detail.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are a strong consideration for your investment strategy. Fund managers actively select securities to outperform the market. This can offer higher returns compared to passive options like index funds, which merely track a market index without active oversight.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds have limitations, as they do not adapt to market changes. They may underperform during market downturns. Actively managed funds can adjust their strategies based on market conditions, providing a more dynamic approach to investing.

Regular vs Direct Funds
Direct funds require significant market knowledge and time. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credentials offers professional management. This guidance ensures your investments align with your financial goals.

Creating a Diversified Portfolio
Diversification reduces risk. A balanced portfolio includes equity for growth, debt instruments for stability, and some liquid assets for immediate needs. This approach ensures a steady income stream and capital preservation over time.

Importance of Liquidity
Maintaining liquidity is crucial. Keeping a portion of your investments in liquid funds or short-term instruments ensures you can access cash quickly. This prevents the need to liquidate long-term investments in emergencies.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs)
Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs) can provide regular income. By investing in mutual funds and setting up an SWP, you can withdraw a fixed amount periodically. This ensures a steady income stream while allowing the remaining investment to grow.

Health Insurance and Emergency Funds
Adequate health insurance is vital to cover medical expenses. Also, an emergency fund with at least six months' worth of expenses ensures you are prepared for unexpected costs. These safeguards protect your financial stability.

Tax Implications
Understand the tax implications of selling your land and other investments. Long-term capital gains tax applies to profits from the sale of land and equity investments held for more than a year. Consulting a tax advisor can help optimize your tax strategy.

Risk Management
Effective risk management is crucial for long-term financial security. Diversifying your investments, maintaining liquidity, and having an emergency fund are key components. Regularly reviewing your portfolio and adjusting based on market conditions helps manage risks.

Long-Term Perspective
Investing with a long-term perspective is essential. Equity investments, while volatile in the short term, tend to deliver higher returns over the long term. Patience and discipline are crucial in achieving long-term financial success.

Regular Monitoring and Review
Regularly monitoring your portfolio's performance is necessary. Setting up a system for monthly or quarterly reporting helps track progress towards your goals. This ensures transparency and accountability in your investment journey.

Leveraging Professional Advice
Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner provides valuable insights. Their expertise helps navigate complex financial decisions and optimize your investment strategy. Regular consultations ensure your financial plan remains on track.

Stress Management and Mental Wellbeing
Quitting your job due to work pressure highlights the need for stress management and mental wellbeing. Consider exploring ways to manage stress, such as taking a sabbatical, seeking professional help, or finding a less stressful job within your field.

Potential Alternative Income Sources
Exploring alternative income sources can provide additional financial security. Freelancing, consulting, or part-time work in your field can generate income while allowing for a better work-life balance. This reduces the pressure on your investments to cover all expenses.

Financial Independence and Early Retirement
Achieving financial independence and retiring early (FIRE) requires careful planning. Ensuring your investments can generate enough income to cover your expenses for 30 years is challenging but achievable with the right strategy. Regularly reassess your financial plan to adapt to changing circumstances.

Importance of Lifestyle Adjustments
Consider potential lifestyle adjustments to reduce expenses. Simple changes like cutting unnecessary costs and adopting a frugal lifestyle can significantly extend the longevity of your investments. Balancing enjoyment and financial prudence is key.

Family and Dependents
If you have family or dependents, their needs should be factored into your financial plan. Education, healthcare, and other expenses should be accounted for to ensure their well-being is not compromised.

Estate Planning
Estate planning is crucial for ensuring your assets are distributed according to your wishes. Creating a will, setting up trusts, and nominating beneficiaries for your investments are important steps. This provides peace of mind and clarity for your loved ones.

Final Insights
Quitting your job and relying on your land and investments to sustain you for 30 years is a significant decision. Assessing your monthly expenses, future inflation, and potential income from land is crucial. Investing the proceeds from the land sale in a diversified portfolio ensures growth and stability. Actively managed funds offer professional oversight and potential for higher returns. Maintaining liquidity, having adequate health insurance, and creating an emergency fund are essential. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner and regularly reviewing your strategy will guide you towards achieving financial security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
I am 38 years now. I am earning 1.5 lacs PM. I have around 1.12 crore as MFs, FD, SCSS,EPF, PPF, LIC, SGB and Lent to local village people at 12% roi. Getting Passive income as 8 lacs PA from all above investment. I have physical gold of 15 lacs. I purchase a land of 15 lacs last year. And my father is a pensioner getting 25k PM. Getting 1lacs PA from paddy land and Paddy land value is 50 lacs now. I will never sell this paddy land. My monthly expenses is 50k. I have a personal loan with 9 lacs outstanding. Paying emi 52k PM. I have a daughter of 6 year and planning for one more kid. I am staying at my own native house with parents. I am thinking to retire at 40. Any suggestions?
Ans: Understanding Your Financial Position
First, congratulations on your impressive financial management and planning. You have diversified your investments well across various asset classes. With a good mix of MFs, FD, SCSS, EPF, PPF, LIC, SGB, physical gold, and real estate, you are on a solid financial footing.

Evaluating Your Income and Expenses
Current Income and Passive Earnings
Active Income: Your current salary is ?1.5 lakhs per month.
Passive Income: You earn ?8 lakhs annually from your investments. This shows a well-thought-out strategy for generating passive income.
Monthly Expenses
Monthly Expenses: Your monthly expenses are ?50,000.
Loan EMI: You have an EMI of ?52,000 for a personal loan with an outstanding amount of ?9 lakhs.
Retirement Planning at 40
Financial Independence
Target Age: You plan to retire at 40, which is two years from now.
Passive Income Needs: Your monthly expenses will continue, so you need sufficient passive income to cover these.
Assessing Your Assets
Investments: Your current investments total ?1.12 crore.
Gold and Real Estate: You have ?15 lakhs in physical gold and purchased land worth ?15 lakhs.
Ensuring Sustainable Passive Income
Investment Strategy
Maximize Passive Income: Ensure your investments continue to yield at least the current passive income of ?8 lakhs per annum. This should ideally increase to cover any future inflation and additional expenses.
Diversification: Continue to diversify your investments to manage risks better. Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice.
Debt Management
Loan Repayment: Prioritize paying off your personal loan to reduce your monthly financial obligations. This will free up more of your income for investments or savings.
Emergency Fund: Ensure you maintain an emergency fund equivalent to at least six months of expenses. This provides a safety net for unexpected situations.
Planning for Children's Education
Education Fund
Investment for Education: Start a dedicated investment plan for your daughter's education and future child's education. Education costs will rise, so planning now is crucial.
Education Savings Schemes: Consider investing in child education plans that offer tax benefits and good returns. Mutual funds tailored for long-term growth can be a good option.
Enhancing Retirement Security
Long-Term Investments
Retirement Corpus: Ensure your retirement corpus is sufficient to sustain your lifestyle. You might need to increase your investments in equity funds for long-term growth.
Regular Reviews: Periodically review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your retirement goals and adjust as needed.
Passive Income Strategy
Sustainable Income: Aim for a mix of investments that provide steady passive income. This could include dividend-paying stocks, rental income (if considering in the future), and interest from bonds.
Cost of Living: Account for potential increases in living costs due to inflation and healthcare expenses, especially with aging parents and growing children.
Final Thoughts
Balancing Current and Future Needs
Short-Term vs Long-Term: Balance your current financial needs with future goals. Avoid making impulsive financial decisions that could jeopardize long-term security.
Professional Advice: Regularly consult with a CFP to keep your financial plan on track. Their expertise will help you navigate changes in financial markets and personal circumstances.
Appreciating Your Efforts
Commendable Planning: Your proactive approach to managing your finances is commendable. Few people have such a detailed and diversified portfolio.
Family Security: Your efforts ensure financial security for your family, which is a significant achievement.
Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
I am 48 years old I am planning to quit. I have 3 lands worth 85 lakhs, FD 15 lakhs, PF 60 lakhs, MF 50, 3 houses.
Ans: Retirement Planning at 48 Years Old
Congratulations on your successful investments and planning for retirement. Let's delve into optimizing your assets and ensuring a comfortable retirement.

Assessing Your Assets
Real Estate
You have three lands and three houses, amounting to a substantial asset base of 85 lakhs. However, real estate can be illiquid and may require maintenance costs.

Fixed Deposits (FD) and Provident Fund (PF)
Your FD of 15 lakhs and PF of 60 lakhs provide stability and security. They are essential components of your retirement portfolio.

Mutual Funds (MF)
Investing in MF with 50 lakhs demonstrates a diversified approach to wealth accumulation. MF offers growth potential and flexibility.

Retirement Goals and Lifestyle
Lifestyle Expectations
Define your desired lifestyle post-retirement. Consider travel, hobbies, healthcare, and other expenses.

Retirement Age
Determine the age at which you plan to retire. This will impact your investment strategy and corpus requirements.

Creating a Retirement Investment Strategy
Asset Allocation
Ensure a balanced allocation across asset classes: equities, debt, real estate, and liquid assets.

Real Estate Management
Optimize Returns
Evaluate the potential of your real estate assets. Consider rental income, property appreciation, and market trends.

Fixed Income Instruments
FD and PF Management
Review the interest rates and tax implications of your FD and PF. Explore options for higher-yielding fixed income instruments.

Mutual Funds
Equity and Debt Funds
Continue investing in MF for growth. Consider a mix of equity and debt funds based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Risk Management
Insurance Coverage
Ensure adequate health and life insurance coverage for yourself and your family. This provides financial security during emergencies.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This provides liquidity and peace of mind.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Investments
Optimize tax benefits through investments like ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme), tax-free bonds, and NPS (National Pension System).

Capital Gains Tax
Understand the tax implications of selling real estate or MF units. Plan strategically to minimize tax outflows.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Consult a Certified Financial Planner to customize your retirement plan. They can provide personalized advice and strategies.

Retirement Transition
Phased Retirement
Consider a phased approach to retirement if you wish to gradually reduce work commitments. This can ease the financial transition.

Financial Review
Regularly review your investment portfolio and retirement plan. Adjustments may be needed based on changing financial goals or market conditions.

Your diversified asset portfolio lays a strong foundation for retirement. Focus on optimizing returns, managing risks, and aligning investments with your retirement goals. Seek professional guidance for a comprehensive retirement plan.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 29, 2024

My self Shubham , I have agriculture land whose value is around 1.5 cr and right now i m getting 2 lakh rs annually as i have given my land in lease for farming i m thinking to sell my land to put that money some where else what is ur suggestion whether i sell it or not. N what is the future of agriculture land in india if i keep it with self for more 10-15 years right now my age is 27 Thank you
Ans: Dear Shubham,

Thank you for reaching out with your query. Your decision to either sell your agricultural land or retain it for future gains is a significant one and requires careful consideration. Here’s a detailed assessment to help you make an informed decision.

Evaluating the Future of Agricultural Land in India
Increasing Demand for Agricultural Land
India’s growing population and rising food demand suggest that agricultural land will continue to be valuable. The government’s focus on improving agricultural productivity and rural infrastructure could increase land value. Additionally, advancements in agricultural technology can boost land productivity, making agricultural land a potentially lucrative long-term investment.

Urbanization and Industrialization
As urban areas expand, agricultural land near cities may become prime targets for real estate development. This could significantly increase the land's value. However, this also depends on the land’s location and its proximity to urban centers. If your land is near an expanding urban area, its value might appreciate considerably over the next 10-15 years.

Assessing Your Current Returns and Future Potential
Current Lease Income
Currently, you are earning Rs. 2 lakh annually from leasing your land. This provides a steady, although relatively modest, income. Over the next 10-15 years, lease rates might increase, providing higher annual returns. However, this income may not match potential returns from other investment avenues.

Potential Appreciation
Agricultural land has historically shown significant appreciation in value over time. Keeping the land for another 10-15 years might result in a substantial increase in its value, especially if located near growing urban areas or if agricultural policies favor landowners.

Investment Alternatives if You Sell
Mutual Funds
Mutual funds can offer diversified exposure to different asset classes. Actively managed funds, guided by professional fund managers, can potentially provide higher returns than the agricultural lease income. Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to select funds aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Public Provident Fund (PPF) and National Savings Certificate (NSC)
Investing in PPF or NSC can provide stable, tax-free returns with government-backed security. These are suitable for conservative investors looking for long-term wealth accumulation with tax benefits.

Equities and Bonds
Investing in equities offers potential for high returns, though with higher risk. Bonds, on the other hand, provide stable income and are less risky. A balanced portfolio, combining equities and bonds, can offer a good mix of growth and stability.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
SIPs in mutual funds allow for disciplined investing with potential for good returns over the long term. They help mitigate market volatility through rupee cost averaging. This can be a good option for regular and systematic investments.

Pros and Cons of Selling vs. Keeping the Land
Selling the Land

Immediate access to a significant amount of capital.
Opportunity to invest in diversified financial instruments.
Potential for higher returns compared to lease income.

Loss of a tangible asset that could appreciate over time.
No guarantee that new investments will outperform future land value.
Keeping the Land

Steady lease income with potential for future increases.
Possibility of significant value appreciation, especially near urban areas.
Retaining a physical asset provides a sense of security.

Lower current returns compared to potential investment alternatives.
Opportunity cost of not utilizing capital for higher returns.
Given your age (27) and the long investment horizon (10-15 years), you have time on your side. If your land is in a promising location near urban expansion, retaining it could be beneficial due to potential appreciation. However, if you seek higher returns and are comfortable with investing in diversified financial instruments, selling the land and reinvesting the proceeds could be a wise choice.

Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner to develop a personalized investment strategy. They can help balance risk and returns, ensuring your financial goals are met effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Chocko Valliappa  |356 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Entrepreneur, Educationist - Answered on Jul 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 21, 2024Hindi
A doctorate from IIT Bombay in Metallurgy and masters from NIT in Manufacturing with 5 years of experience including 2 years in academics and currently working from past 3 years in industry where I work mostly on finite element analyst of forging and bulk extrusion process and New product development as manager heading a team of 5 people. I have working knowledge of 3-4 FE software related to metal forming domain along with ANSYS STRUCTURAL. Despite that I am not getting any interview calls as I am currently looking for a job switch and have put up my profile both on NAUKRI AND LINKEDIN. Some calls are coming to me but that are all irrelevant profiles in which my expertise is not there. I have been trying for the past 6 months but have not got any positive response. Despite such a highly educated person from premier institute and not getting any response is highly depressing. Could you suggest how to apply and where to apply and any other website where I shall make my profile to get a positive response ? Thanks. .................
Ans: You have accomplished academic background and work in a very specialised area. You may have to expand your job search to a broader field of Metalurgy, Product Managment, Operations and not be limited to Finite Element analysis. Think through again and look for companies active in the field of metallury and users and producers of Steel, Metals. You may also look at academics. Use your academic contacts in the two IIT--IIT B and NIT, previous employers and seek their help in connecting you with possible openings. You also need to give yourself more time and be optimistic.

...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 21, 2024Hindi
Meri umar 46 sal hai 60ke bad 2lak rs mahine ka inkam chahta hun sip me ktane investment karu
Ans: Planning for Post-Retirement Income
You are 46 years old and want a monthly income of Rs 2 lakh after 60. Let's create a strategy to achieve this goal through SIP investments.

Assessing Your Current Situation
Current Age: 46 years
Retirement Age: 60 years
Target Monthly Income Post-Retirement: Rs 2 lakh
Time Horizon: 14 years
Estimating Required Corpus
To generate a monthly income of Rs 2 lakh, you need a substantial retirement corpus. Let's estimate the corpus required using a safe withdrawal rate of 4%.

Annual Income Required: Rs 2 lakh x 12 = Rs 24 lakh
Corpus Needed: Rs 24 lakh / 4% = Rs 6 crore
SIP Investment Strategy
To accumulate Rs 6 crore in 14 years, consistent SIP investments are crucial. Let's determine the monthly SIP amount needed.

Calculate Monthly SIP Amount
The calculation involves assumptions about expected returns. Assume an annual return of 12% from equity mutual funds.

Using an online SIP calculator:

Corpus Required: Rs 6 crore
Time Horizon: 14 years
Expected Annual Return: 12%
The estimated monthly SIP amount needed is around Rs 1 lakh.

Recommendations for SIP Investments
Diversify Your Portfolio
Equity Funds: Focus on diversified equity funds for higher growth.
Balanced Funds: Include balanced funds for stability and moderate returns.
Debt Funds: Allocate a portion to debt funds for lower risk.
Regularly Review and Adjust
Monitor Performance: Regularly review your portfolio's performance.
Adjust Allocations: Adjust allocations based on market conditions and goals.
Gradually Increase SIP Amount
Step-Up SIP: Increase your SIP amount annually to boost corpus growth.
Bonus or Increment: Use bonuses or salary increments to increase investments.
Final Insights
To achieve a post-retirement income of Rs 2 lakh per month, you need to accumulate around Rs 6 crore.

Start with a monthly SIP of around Rs 1 lakh.
Diversify your investments across equity, balanced, and debt funds.
Regularly review and adjust your portfolio.
Gradually increase your SIP amount over time.
By following this strategy, you can achieve your retirement income goal. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor the plan to your specific needs and circumstances.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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