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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 30, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
PREM Question by PREM on May 30, 2024Hindi

hello sir, Prem here. I am 60yrs. need the financial planning. Going to retire. I have NPS of 55 lakh, FD of 1.2 Cr, PPF 15lakh, MF 35lakh. Now need the pension 1.5lakh/month. Own house. no loan. all children settled. What to do and how to plan ahead. Please guide step by step. regards

Ans: Dear Prem,

Congratulations on reaching this significant milestone in your life. Retirement is a time to enjoy the fruits of your labor and ensure financial stability. You have a substantial portfolio, and with careful planning, you can achieve your goal of a Rs. 1.5 lakh monthly pension. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you plan ahead.

Assessing Your Current Financial Position
You have a well-diversified portfolio:

NPS: Rs. 55 lakh
Fixed Deposit: Rs. 1.2 crore
PPF: Rs. 15 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs. 35 lakh
This gives you a total corpus of Rs. 2.25 crore.

Step 1: Evaluate Your Monthly Expenses and Goals
Before we plan the investment, it’s crucial to understand your monthly expenses and financial goals.

Monthly Pension Requirement: Rs. 1.5 lakh
Other Goals: Healthcare, travel, and emergencies
Step 2: Creating an Income Stream
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
SWP from mutual funds can provide a regular income while keeping your investment growing. Here’s how it works:

Select the Mutual Funds: Choose funds that have a good track record and match your risk profile.
Set the Withdrawal Amount: Decide on a fixed amount to withdraw monthly.
Benefit: This method allows you to get regular income while the remaining funds continue to grow.
Annuity from NPS
NPS offers an annuity option, which can provide a steady income. You can allocate a portion of your NPS corpus to an annuity plan. Here’s how:

Use 40% of NPS Corpus: Use at least 40% of your NPS corpus to buy an annuity.
Choose the Right Annuity Plan: Select an annuity plan that offers a lifetime payout.
Benefits: An annuity ensures a guaranteed monthly income for life.
Fixed Deposit and PPF Interest
Fixed Deposit Interest: The interest from your FD can provide a regular income. Reinvest the principal amount at maturity to continue receiving interest.
PPF Withdrawals: After retirement, you can start withdrawing from your PPF account as needed.
Step 3: Allocating Your Corpus
Diversify Your Investments
Debt Instruments: Allocate a portion of your corpus to debt instruments for stable and secure returns. This includes fixed deposits, PPF, and debt mutual funds.
Equity Instruments: To keep up with inflation, maintain a portion in equity mutual funds. This helps in growing your corpus over time.
Example Allocation
Equity Mutual Funds: Rs. 35 lakh (for growth and SWP)
Debt Mutual Funds: Rs. 20 lakh (for stability and SWP)
Fixed Deposits: Rs. 1 crore (for regular interest income)
PPF: Rs. 15 lakh (for secure returns)
NPS Annuity: Rs. 22 lakh (for guaranteed monthly income)
Step 4: Planning for Healthcare and Emergencies
Health Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance to cover medical expenses. This will protect your savings from being depleted due to healthcare costs.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of at least 6-12 months of your expenses. This should be easily accessible and invested in liquid funds or a savings account.

Step 5: Regularly Review and Adjust Your Plan
Your financial needs and market conditions will change over time. Regularly review your investment plan and adjust it as needed. Here’s how:

Annual Reviews: Conduct annual reviews to assess the performance of your investments.
Rebalance Portfolio: Rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner: A CFP can provide personalized advice and help you create a customized roadmap with specific analysis and calculations.
Benefits of Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
A CFP can help you:

Analyze Your Financial Situation: Assess your current financial status and future needs.
Create a Customized Plan: Develop a tailored plan that aligns with your goals.
Monitor and Adjust: Regularly monitor your investments and make adjustments as needed.
Provide Peace of Mind: Ensure that your financial future is secure and well-planned.
By following these steps, you can create a solid financial plan for your retirement. Diversify your investments, utilize SWP and annuities, and regularly review your plan. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can provide additional guidance and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

Asked on - May 30, 2024 | Answered on May 30, 2024
Which MFs should be best for SWP. and safer also. How much to be invested in them. Please list some good fund mix regards
Ans: Large Cap Funds: Invest in reputable & trust worthy large cap funds known for stability and consistent returns.

Balanced Advantage Funds: Opt for balanced advantage funds offering a mix of equity and debt for steady income.

Conservative Hybrid Funds: Consider conservative hybrid funds for a balanced approach with lower volatility.

Investment Allocation
Allocate investments based on risk tolerance and income requirements, focusing on capital preservation and regular income generation.

Diversify across multiple funds to spread risk and enhance stability.

Recommended Fund Mix
50% Large Cap Funds
30% Balanced Advantage Funds
20% Conservative Hybrid Funds
By strategically allocating investments across large cap, balanced advantage, and conservative hybrid funds, investors can ensure a safer SWP approach while aiming for steady income generation and capital preservation.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 23, 2024Hindi
Sir, I am 58 years old and will be retiring from service after two years. I will be having PF contributions of 1 crore at the time of retirement. I have an investment of 50 lakh in MF, stocks and FDs as of now and 10 lakh in PPF and NPS. I am expected to receive a PF pension of Rs. 60000 per month after my retirement and retirement benefits of totalling 30 to 40 lakhs including gratuity. I have a housing loan balance of 15 lakh.My wife and I entitled to get medical benefits from my company. My two sons are employed however second may need a sum of 50 lakh after two years if he prefer to go to abroad for higher studies. I have constructed a house for living after retirement and a flat in my name where I am currently staying. I need a retirement plan for a monthly income of 1.25 lakh per month after retirement. Thank you.
Ans: Retirement Planning for a Secure Future
Your diligent approach towards retirement planning is commendable. Let's formulate a comprehensive retirement plan to ensure a comfortable lifestyle and financial security post-retirement.

Assessing Your Current Financial Status
You have substantial assets, including PF contributions, investments in MFs, stocks, FDs, and PPF/NPS.

The expected PF pension and retirement benefits, coupled with medical benefits, add to your financial stability.

Understanding Retirement Goals and Obligations
Retirement Income
Your goal of achieving a monthly income of Rs. 1.25 lakh post-retirement is well-defined.

This income should cover your living expenses and support your lifestyle comfortably.

Financial Obligations
Consideration of financial obligations like housing loan balance and potential expenses for your son's higher education is crucial.

Crafting a Retirement Plan
Retirement Corpus
Calculate the required retirement corpus based on your desired monthly income, life expectancy, and inflation.

Ensure the corpus is sufficient to generate a steady income stream post-retirement.

Debt Management
Prioritize paying off the housing loan balance before retirement to reduce financial burden.

Utilize part of the retirement benefits towards debt repayment to achieve debt-free status.

Income Sources Post-Retirement
Utilize PF contributions, investments, PF pension, and retirement benefits as income sources post-retirement.

Explore options like systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs) from MFs and FDs to generate regular income.

Addressing Education Expenses
Higher Education Fund
Plan for your son's higher education expenses by allocating a portion of your existing investments.

Consider starting an education fund to accumulate the required sum within two years.

Investment Allocation
Allocate a suitable portion of your portfolio towards low-risk, liquid investments to meet short-term goals like education expenses.

Optimizing Investment Portfolio
Diversify your investment portfolio across asset classes to mitigate risk and optimize returns.

Consider investing in a mix of equity, debt, and balanced funds to achieve long-term growth and stability.

Regular Funds Investing through MFD with CFP Credential
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds require active management and market knowledge.

Investors may lack expertise in fund selection and portfolio management.

Benefits of Regular Funds Investing through MFD with CFP Credential
Working with a Certified Financial Planner ensures personalized guidance and expert advice.

MFDs provide tailored investment strategies aligned with your financial goals and risk profile.

Retirement Income Projection
Retirement Corpus Growth
Estimate the growth of your retirement corpus based on expected returns from investments.

Adjust investment strategies to achieve the desired corpus growth within the stipulated time frame.

Retirement Income Estimation
Estimate the monthly income generated from your retirement corpus, PF pension, and other income sources.

Ensure the projected income meets your desired monthly income of Rs. 1.25 lakh.

With careful planning and strategic allocation of resources, you can achieve your retirement goals and secure a comfortable lifestyle post-retirement.

Prioritize debt repayment, optimize investment portfolio, and plan for future expenses like higher education.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized guidance and expert advice on retirement planning.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 02, 2024Hindi
Hi, i am 44 years old. Have 35 lakhs in PF, 30 Lakhs in MF , around 3 lakhs in stocls, 6 lakhs in FDs , home loan of 12 lakhs, 1 house is in litigation though and second house i am joint owner with my father with 30: share. I am single . I want to retire by 55. How should i plan my retirement funds.
Ans: Planning for retirement is a crucial step, especially if you aim to retire by 55. Given your current financial situation, let's create a comprehensive retirement plan. This plan will consider your assets, liabilities, and future financial needs to ensure a secure and comfortable retirement.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Existing Assets and Liabilities
You have a good start with Rs 35 lakhs in PF, Rs 30 lakhs in mutual funds, Rs 3 lakhs in stocks, and Rs 6 lakhs in fixed deposits. You also have a home loan of Rs 12 lakhs, and two properties, one in litigation and one shared with your father.

Net Worth Calculation
Let's calculate your net worth by subtracting your liabilities from your assets.


PF: Rs 35 lakhs
Mutual Funds: Rs 30 lakhs
Stocks: Rs 3 lakhs
Fixed Deposits: Rs 6 lakhs
Total Assets: Rs 74 lakhs

Home Loan: Rs 12 lakhs
Total Liabilities: Rs 12 lakhs
Net Worth:

Total Assets - Total Liabilities = Rs 74 lakhs - Rs 12 lakhs = Rs 62 lakhs
Your current net worth is Rs 62 lakhs.

Retirement Goals and Expenses
Determining Retirement Corpus
To determine how much you need to retire comfortably, estimate your annual expenses post-retirement. Factor in inflation, healthcare costs, and any other regular expenses. Suppose you estimate your annual expenses to be Rs 6 lakhs today.

Assuming an average inflation rate of 6%, your expenses in 11 years will be:11.3 6 Lacs.

To maintain this lifestyle for 25 years post-retirement, you need a corpus that supports annual withdrawals of Rs 11.36 lakhs, adjusted for inflation. Assuming a safe withdrawal rate of 4%: Required corpus approx = 2.84 Crores.

Investment Strategy
Maximizing Existing Investments
Provident Fund (PF):
Continue contributing to your PF to benefit from the guaranteed returns and tax advantages. This will be a stable part of your retirement corpus.

Mutual Funds:
Given your substantial investment in mutual funds, ensure they are diversified across equity and debt funds. Equity funds offer growth, while debt funds provide stability. Aim for a mix that aligns with your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Stocks can offer high returns but come with higher risk. Review your stock portfolio and consider diversifying to reduce risk. Focus on blue-chip stocks for stability and potential growth.

Fixed Deposits:
Fixed deposits offer safety but low returns. Consider shifting a portion of your FDs to higher-yield investments like mutual funds or debt funds to enhance returns.

Reducing Liabilities
Home Loan Repayment:
Prioritize paying off your home loan. This reduces interest burden and improves cash flow. Consider using a portion of your fixed deposits or mutual funds to expedite repayment.
Addressing Real Estate Issues
Litigation Property:
Legal issues can be lengthy and uncertain. Keep a close watch and consult with a legal advisor. Avoid relying on this property for your retirement corpus.

Joint Ownership Property:
Discuss future plans with your father regarding the jointly owned property. Ensure clarity on ownership and future use or sale.

Enhancing Savings and Investments
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Start or increase your SIPs in mutual funds. SIPs help in disciplined investing and rupee cost averaging, which is beneficial for long-term wealth creation.

Diversify your investments across various asset classes. This includes equity, debt, and other financial instruments. Diversification reduces risk and enhances potential returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in a savings account or liquid funds.

Insurance Coverage
Health Insurance
Ensure your mediclaim policy offers adequate coverage. Health costs can significantly impact your savings, especially post-retirement.

Life Insurance
Evaluate your life insurance coverage. If you hold LIC policies or other investment-linked insurance, consider their returns. If they are not meeting your expectations, consider surrendering them and redirecting the funds to more efficient investments.

Tax Planning
Utilizing Tax Benefits
Maximize tax-saving investments under Section 80C. This includes PF, PPF, ELSS, and other eligible instruments. Utilize the tax benefits to reduce your taxable income and increase your savings.

Long-Term Capital Gains
Plan your investments to take advantage of long-term capital gains tax benefits. Equity investments held for more than a year qualify for lower tax rates, enhancing your post-tax returns.

Regular Portfolio Review
Periodic Assessments
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Adjust allocations based on market conditions and personal circumstances. A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can assist in periodic reviews and rebalancing.

Staying Informed
Stay updated with financial news and trends. Financial literacy empowers you to make informed decisions and adapt your strategy as needed.

Appreciating Your Efforts
Your proactive approach to retirement planning is commendable. At 44, you have substantial savings and a clear goal. This disciplined approach will ensure a secure and comfortable retirement.

Achieving a comfortable retirement by 55 requires careful planning and disciplined execution. Assess your current financial situation, set clear goals, and choose the right investment options. Regularly review and adjust your plan with the help of a Certified Financial Planner. Stay consistent, patient, and informed. Your dedication and effort will pave the way to financial success.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 07, 2024Hindi
hello sir, I am 53 yrs,working in private sector soon to be redundant,(in a year)I have my own house in a appartment my savings are 50 L in FD,s 30 L in Mutual fund ,10L in equity shares.LIC of 10L .3L in as emergency fund,my liabilities are children's education (son in class 10 daughter in class 8. no health insurance(presently company provided)spouse is a housewife please advise me for financial planning including for retirement planning.
Ans: Comprehensive Financial Plan for Redundancy and Retirement
Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You are 53 years old, working in the private sector, and facing redundancy in a year. You own a house in an apartment and have Rs 50 lakh in fixed deposits, Rs 30 lakh in mutual funds, Rs 10 lakh in equity shares, and Rs 10 lakh in LIC. Additionally, you have Rs 3 lakh as an emergency fund. Your spouse is a housewife, and you have two children in school. You currently lack personal health insurance, relying on company-provided coverage.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Immediate Goals
Redundancy Preparation: Ensure a smooth financial transition after redundancy.
Health Insurance: Secure comprehensive health insurance for your family.
Short-term Goals
Children's Education: Allocate funds for your children's ongoing and future education needs.
Emergency Fund: Strengthen your emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses.
Long-term Goals
Retirement Planning: Create a sustainable retirement plan to maintain your lifestyle.
Wealth Preservation and Growth: Ensure your investments continue to grow while preserving capital.
Analyzing Your Current Assets
Fixed Deposits
You have Rs 50 lakh in fixed deposits. While FDs offer safety, their returns may not beat inflation in the long term. Consider rebalancing a portion for higher returns.

Mutual Funds
Your mutual fund portfolio is Rs 30 lakh. Mutual funds are good for long-term growth due to their compounding benefits. Review the performance and diversify if necessary.

Equity Shares
Your equity shares amount to Rs 10 lakh. Equities can provide high returns but come with higher risks. Balance them with safer investments to reduce risk.

LIC Policy
You have an LIC policy with a maturity amount of Rs 10 lakh. Review the policy benefits and consider if it meets your insurance needs.

Emergency Fund
Your emergency fund stands at Rs 3 lakh. Aim to increase this to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses for financial security.

Securing Health Insurance
Comprehensive Health Coverage
With redundancy approaching, securing health insurance is crucial. Opt for a comprehensive family floater plan with a high sum insured to cover medical emergencies.

Preparing for Redundancy
Income Replacement Strategies
Exploring New Opportunities: Start exploring new job opportunities or freelance work to replace your income.
Utilizing Skills and Experience: Leverage your experience for consulting or part-time roles in your industry.
Managing Children's Education Expenses
Creating an Education Fund
Education SIPs: Start a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in child-specific mutual funds to grow a dedicated education fund.
PPF and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: Consider PPF for your son's education and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for your daughter, offering tax benefits and secure returns.
Strengthening Your Emergency Fund
Building a Robust Safety Net
Increase your emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of living expenses. Use liquid mutual funds or high-yield savings accounts for easy access.

Retirement Planning
Calculating Retirement Corpus
Estimate your post-retirement expenses considering inflation and lifestyle needs. Use retirement calculators to determine the required corpus. For example, if you need Rs 50,000 per month today, with 6% inflation, you’ll need a higher amount in 10 years.

Diversifying Investments
Equity Mutual Funds: Allocate a portion of your savings to equity mutual funds for higher growth potential.
Debt Mutual Funds: Invest in debt funds for stable returns and reduced risk.
Hybrid Funds: Combine equity and debt for balanced growth.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan
Creating a Withdrawal Strategy
Plan a systematic withdrawal strategy from your investments to ensure regular income post-retirement. Consider the 4% rule for sustainable withdrawals.

Tax-efficient Investments
Maximizing Tax Benefits
ELSS Funds: Invest in Equity Linked Savings Scheme for tax-saving benefits under Section 80C.
NPS Contributions: Consider the National Pension System for additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD.
Reviewing and Adjusting Insurance Coverage
Adequate Life Insurance
Ensure your life insurance cover is sufficient to meet your family’s needs in your absence. Term insurance offers high coverage at low premiums. Review your existing LIC policy and consider additional term insurance if necessary.

Diversified Investment Portfolio
Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly monitor your investment portfolio and rebalance to align with your financial goals. Adjust asset allocation based on market conditions and personal circumstances.

Professional Guidance
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Engage a Certified Financial Planner to create a detailed, personalized financial plan. A CFP provides professional insights and strategies tailored to your financial situation and goals.

Final Insights
Securing your financial future involves strategic planning and disciplined investing. Address immediate needs, such as health insurance and redundancy preparation, while building a robust retirement corpus. Regularly review and adjust your investments for optimal growth and risk management. With careful planning, you can achieve financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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