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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 04, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Dhruvil Question by Dhruvil on Apr 12, 2024Hindi

Hello Sir, my age is 28yrs and I am investing in Mutual funds for last 6 years now. As of now I have monthly SIP of 2k in PPFAS Flexi cap fund and 2.5k in Mirae Asset Large and Midcap fund. I want to invest more 12k-15k per month. I want to invest these for my retirement corpus and I am open to take risks in Smallcap, Midcap, Thematic funds, etc.. Kindly suggest good funds to invest in. Is it good to invest in schemes of Quant Fund house.

Ans: Since you're open to taking risks and have a long investment horizon for your retirement corpus, investing in small-cap, mid-cap, and thematic funds can potentially offer higher returns over the long term. Here are some suggestions for funds to consider:

Small-cap Funds: These funds invest in stocks of small-sized companies with high growth potential. Consider reputable funds with a consistent track record of performance in this category.
Mid-cap Funds: Mid-cap funds focus on stocks of medium-sized companies, offering a balance of growth potential and risk. Look for funds managed by experienced fund managers with a strong track record.
Thematic Funds: Thematic funds invest in sectors or themes expected to perform well over time. Choose themes aligned with your investment objectives and outlook for future growth.
Regarding Quant Fund House, while they may offer innovative investment strategies, it's essential to conduct thorough research on their fund offerings, track record, and investment approach. Ensure they align with your risk profile and long-term goals before investing.

Lastly, consider diversifying your investments across multiple funds and asset classes to spread risk and maximize potential returns. Regularly review your portfolio and make adjustments as needed to stay aligned with your investment objectives. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your specific financial situation and goals.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 06, 2024

Sir, Now I am 55 and started investing since last two years ago, due to family responsibilities. Now I am investing in (1) HDFC Midcap opportunities fund direct plan Rs 5000 (2) Mirae asset large cap and mid cap fund direct growth plan Rs 5000 (3) Nippon India Small Cap fund direct growth plan Rs 8000 (4) Parag Parikh flexicap fund RS 2000 per month. I will be remain invested for min 10 years. And retired with normal corpus. Not big. Please suggest for investment, Within Rs 20000- per month.
Ans: It's never too late to start investing, and it's admirable that you've taken this step towards securing your financial future, especially with family responsibilities and approaching retirement. Let's explore some suggestions for your investment within your budget of Rs 20,000 per month:

Diversify Your Portfolio: Your current portfolio already includes a mix of mid-cap, large-cap, small-cap, and flexi-cap funds, which is a good start. To further diversify, consider adding a balanced fund or a hybrid fund, which invests in a mix of equities and debt instruments. This can provide stability while still offering growth potential.
Consider Debt Investments: As you approach retirement, it's essential to balance your portfolio with debt investments to reduce overall risk. You can allocate a portion of your monthly investment towards debt funds or fixed-income instruments like PPF, RDs, or bonds. These investments offer steady returns and help preserve capital.
Evaluate Risk Tolerance: Given your age and investment horizon of at least 10 years, you can afford to take on some risk to achieve higher returns. However, it's crucial to assess your risk tolerance and ensure that your investment choices align with your comfort level.
Review and Rebalance Regularly: Periodically review your investment portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Rebalance your portfolio if necessary, considering changes in your financial situation or investment objectives.
Consult with a Financial Advisor: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner or financial advisor who can provide personalized advice based on your specific needs and goals. They can help you create a customized investment plan and provide guidance on asset allocation, portfolio diversification, and risk management.
Stay Invested for the Long Term: Investing for retirement requires patience and discipline. Continue to invest regularly and stay committed to your long-term financial goals. Avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market fluctuations.
Remember, investing is a journey, and it's essential to remain focused on your goals while adapting to changing circumstances. With careful planning and prudent investment choices, you can build a secure financial future for yourself and your family. Keep up the good work, and best of luck on your investment journey!

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 25, 2024Hindi
Hi. I am ready to invest SIP of 5000 per month for next 20 years and can step up 10% every 2 years. I'm looking for medium risk mutual fund as I'm going for long run. Kindly suggest me some mutual fund that gives some good returns. Quant active fund, mid cap fund, Parag Parikh flexi cap, ICICI prudential retirement fund, Edelweiss large & mid cap are the funds which I have chosen to invest in. Correct me with better plans if I am wrong. Thanks in advance.
Ans: Your investment approach of SIP with step-up every two years for the next 20 years reflects a disciplined and long-term perspective. Here are some insights and suggestions:

Medium-Risk Mutual Funds: Your selection of mutual funds like Parag Parikh Flexi Cap and ICICI Prudential Retirement Fund aligns well with your medium-risk tolerance and long-term investment horizon. These funds offer diversified portfolios across different market caps and sectors, reducing overall risk.
Quant Active Fund and Mid Cap Fund: While these funds may offer higher growth potential, they also come with higher risk due to their focus on mid-cap stocks or active management strategies. Ensure you're comfortable with the associated volatility and risk before investing.
Edelweiss Large & Mid Cap: This fund provides exposure to both large and mid-cap segments of the market, offering a balanced approach. However, review its performance and portfolio composition periodically to ensure it meets your investment objectives.
Review and Adjust: Regularly monitor your portfolio's performance and make adjustments if needed. Consider factors like fund performance, changes in your financial goals, and overall market conditions when reviewing your investment strategy.
Consider Professional Advice: Consulting with a financial advisor or Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized guidance tailored to your financial situation and goals. They can help you fine-tune your investment strategy and select the most suitable mutual funds.
Remember, investing in mutual funds involves risks, and past performance is not indicative of future results. Stay focused on your long-term goals, maintain a diversified portfolio, and invest regularly to maximize your chances of achieving financial success.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
I taken Quant small cap fund direct growth, quant flexi cap fund direct growth and motilol oswal midcap cap fund. I need good mutual funds for my portfolio. Which funds can I pick. If any funds better other than this I can shift to those mutual funds. I plan to take 1. small cap(Quant) 2. mid cap 3. flexi cap(Quant or flexi or both) 4. micro cap(Motilal oswal nifty microcap 250 index fund) Is this okay. 10+ years I'll hold mutual funds. Thank you in advance.
Ans: Building a diversified mutual fund portfolio is essential for long-term wealth accumulation. You've made a good start with your selections, but let's explore some additional options to enhance your portfolio:
1. Small Cap Fund (Quant): Quant Small Cap Fund has the potential for high growth but may also carry higher risk due to the nature of small-cap stocks. Since you already have exposure to this segment, it's wise to stick with it if you believe in its growth potential.
2. Mid Cap Fund (Motilal Oswal Midcap Fund): Mid-cap funds like Motilal Oswal Midcap Fund can offer a balance between growth potential and risk. It's a solid choice for diversification.
3. Flexi Cap Funds (Quant or Flexi or Both): Flexi-cap funds provide flexibility to invest across market capitalizations based on market conditions. Since you already have exposure to Quant Flexi Cap Fund, adding another solid performer in this category can further diversify your portfolio. Look for funds managed by experienced fund managers with a consistent track record of delivering returns.
4. Micro Cap Fund (Motilal Oswal Nifty Microcap 250 Index Fund): Micro-cap funds like Motilal Oswal Nifty Microcap 250 Index Fund can offer exposure to smaller companies with high growth potential. However, micro-cap stocks can be more volatile and risky. Ensure you have a long-term investment horizon and can tolerate fluctuations in this segment.
Considering your investment horizon of 10+ years, you have the advantage of riding out market volatility and benefiting from the potential growth of small and mid-cap companies. However, it's crucial to regularly review your portfolio's performance and make adjustments if necessary. Remember, investing through regular funds with the support of a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) can provide emotional support and guidance, especially during market downturns. Keep investing consistently and stay focused on your long-term goals. Good luck!

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Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 15, 2024Hindi
I am 45 with 7 LPA salary. I have a purchased plot. I want to move out of my current house in 2 years. Should I build a house or purchase a flat?
Ans: Your Current Situation
At 45 years old with a salary of Rs 7 lakhs per annum, you own a plot and plan to move out of your current house in 2 years.

Key Considerations
Let's evaluate whether you should build a house or purchase a flat based on several factors.

Financial Assessment
Building a House

Customization: You can design it according to your preferences and needs.

Potential Cost Savings: Building can be cheaper per square foot compared to buying a ready-made flat, depending on the area.

Appreciation: The value of a well-built house on your own plot may appreciate more over time.


Time-Consuming: Construction can take a long time, potentially more than 2 years.

Management: Requires constant supervision and dealing with contractors, which can be stressful.

Initial Costs: High initial outlay for construction materials and labor.

Purchasing a Flat

Convenience: Ready to move in, no waiting period or construction hassle.

Amenities: Flats often come with amenities like security, maintenance, gym, pool, etc.

Fixed Cost: Fixed price with no unexpected expenses compared to potential construction overruns.


Less Customization: Limited to the builder's design and layout.

Maintenance Costs: Monthly maintenance charges can be high in some apartments.

Appreciation: Flats may appreciate less compared to individual houses on plots.

Lifestyle Considerations
Building a House
Privacy: More privacy and space compared to flats.

Expansion: Easier to expand or modify in the future as per your needs.

Community: Less communal living; more suited for those who prefer privacy.

Purchasing a Flat
Community Living: Better community interaction, good for families.

Security: Enhanced security measures compared to independent houses.

Maintenance: Professional maintenance of common areas and facilities.

Long-Term Goals
Financial Goals
Investment Potential: Consider long-term appreciation potential. A well-built house may offer better returns.

Future Expenses: Think about long-term maintenance and repair costs for both options.

Personal Goals
Retirement Plans: Consider which option suits your retirement lifestyle better. Flats often offer a more carefree lifestyle with less personal responsibility for maintenance.

Family Needs: Assess the needs of your family. Flats might be more suitable for small families or those who value community amenities.

Final Insights
Based on your situation, I recommend assessing the following before making a decision:

Time and Stress: If you have the time and are willing to manage construction, building a house can be rewarding. If not, purchasing a flat is convenient and less stressful.

Financial Position: Ensure you have a clear budget. Building a house can have unexpected costs. Flats have fixed pricing.

Long-Term View: Consider your long-term living and investment goals. Flats offer convenience and community, while a house offers privacy and potential higher appreciation.

Ultimately, the decision depends on your personal preferences, financial readiness, and long-term goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 15, 2024Hindi
I am 40 year old. Monthly take home 4L(Standard EPF of 1800 deducted). 2 kids 8 year girl and 1 year boy. 55L in Mutual Fund 36L in PF 30L in NPS Land of current value 70L Emergency Fund 10L Health insurance 1Cr, Term Insurance 3Cr and Parental Insurance 25L 1. 56K EMI for HomeLoan (24L due) 2. 20K VPF 3. 52.5K NPS 3. 1.5L Mutual Fund 4. 40K school Fees 5. 12.5K Suknya Yojna 6. 20K debt fund 7. 60K monthly Expenses 8. 11K Gold What will be the strategy to retire in next 15 year by keeping enough money for retirement and Child Education?
Ans: Evaluating Your Current Financial Situation
You have a good income and diversified investments. Let’s analyse your current assets and liabilities to strategise for retirement and child education.

Assets Overview
Mutual Funds: Rs. 55 lakh
Provident Fund (PF): Rs. 36 lakh
National Pension System (NPS): Rs. 30 lakh
Land: Rs. 70 lakh
Emergency Fund: Rs. 10 lakh
Health Insurance: Rs. 1 crore
Term Insurance: Rs. 3 crore
Parental Insurance: Rs. 25 lakh
Liabilities Overview
Home Loan EMI: Rs. 56,000 (24 lakh due)
Monthly Expenses: Rs. 60,000
Children’s Education and Future: Significant future costs
Current Monthly Investments
Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF): Rs. 20,000
NPS: Rs. 52,500
Mutual Funds: Rs. 1,50,000
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: Rs. 12,500
Debt Fund: Rs. 20,000
Gold: Rs. 11,000
Retirement and Child Education Strategy
Define Your Goals
Retirement in 15 Years
Children’s Education Fund
Retirement Planning
Step 1: Calculate Retirement Corpus
Estimate your retirement expenses. Factor in inflation and life expectancy. Assume Rs. 1 lakh monthly expenses at retirement. With 6% inflation, this becomes Rs. 2.4 lakh per month in 15 years.

Step 2: Increase Contributions
NPS: Continue with Rs. 52,500. This will accumulate significant corpus.
Mutual Funds: Continue Rs. 1.5 lakh. Increase by 5-10% annually to keep pace with inflation.
Step 3: Diversify Investments
Equity Exposure: Focus on equity mutual funds for growth. They offer higher returns over long-term.
Debt Exposure: Maintain a balanced portfolio. Keep investing in debt funds for stability.
Child Education Planning
Step 1: Estimate Education Costs
Education costs are rising. Assume Rs. 50 lakh for each child’s higher education.

Step 2: Dedicated Investments
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: Continue Rs. 12,500 for your daughter.
Equity Mutual Funds: Allocate Rs. 50,000 monthly for both children’s education. Increase annually.
Managing Liabilities
Home Loan Repayment
Accelerate EMI: Pay an additional EMI yearly if possible. This reduces interest and tenure.
Prepay Loan: Use bonuses or increments to prepay the home loan. Aim to close it within 5-7 years.
Emergency Fund
Maintain Rs. 10 lakh for emergencies. Ensure it covers at least 6 months of expenses.

Insurance Coverage
You have adequate health, term, and parental insurance. Regularly review and adjust coverage if needed.

Gold Investments
Continue Rs. 11,000 in gold for diversification. It’s a good hedge against inflation.

Final Insights
To retire comfortably and fund your children's education:

Continue and increase current investments.
Focus on equity for long-term growth.
Maintain a balanced portfolio.
Prepay home loan to reduce liabilities.
Regularly review and adjust your financial plan with a Certified Financial Planner.
Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Sir my name is khekaho from nagaland Iam married with one son and one daughter,both me and my wife are state government employees with the monthly salary of rupees 54 thousand and 53 thousand respectively.I would like you to give us an ideas of how to secure our feature when we retired .
Ans: Name: Khekaho
Location: Nagaland
Marital Status: Married with one son and one daughter
Employment: Both state government employees
Monthly Salaries: Rs 54,000 and Rs 53,000
Financial Planning Goals
Retirement Security
Children's Education
Emergency Fund
Wealth Creation
Step-by-Step Financial Plan
1. Assess Your Current Financial Situation

Monthly Combined Income: Rs 1,07,000
Expenses: List all monthly expenses
Savings: Calculate your current savings and investments
2. Create an Emergency Fund

Amount: 6-12 months of expenses
Investment: High-interest savings account or short-term FDs
3. Children's Education Fund

Estimate Costs: Project future education costs
Investment: SIPs in diversified mutual funds or child education plans
4. Retirement Planning

Employee Provident Fund (EPF)

Contribution: Both you and your wife contribute to EPF
Benefit: Tax-free and compounding interest
Public Provident Fund (PPF)

Contribution: Invest in PPF for tax benefits
Tenure: 15 years with partial withdrawals allowed after 5 years
Mutual Funds

Diversification: Invest in a mix of equity and debt mutual funds
SIP: Start monthly SIPs to benefit from rupee cost averaging
National Pension System (NPS)

Contribution: Invest in NPS for retirement corpus
Benefit: Tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD
5. Insurance Planning

Life Insurance

Term Plan: Both should have a term insurance plan
Coverage: At least 10-15 times your annual income
Health Insurance

Family Floater Plan: Cover the entire family
Sum Assured: Adequate to cover medical emergencies
6. Debt Management

High-Interest Loans: Pay off any high-interest debt
Home Loans: Ensure timely payments to avoid penalties
7. Wealth Creation

Diversified Investments

Equity Mutual Funds: For long-term growth
Debt Mutual Funds: For stability and regular income
Regular Monitoring

Review Portfolio: Regularly review and adjust your investments
Rebalance: Ensure your portfolio aligns with your risk tolerance and goals
Benefits of Regular Funds Over Direct Funds
Expert Management

Regular Funds: Managed by experienced professionals
Benefit: Better risk management and returns

Ease: Investing through Certified Financial Planners offers personalized advice
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Limited Flexibility

Tracking: Index funds strictly follow market indices
Drawback: Lack of active management to adapt to market changes
Lower Returns

Potential: Actively managed funds can outperform index funds
Final Insights
Start Early: The sooner you start, the better
Diversify: Spread investments across different asset classes
Consult a CFP: Professional advice ensures a comprehensive plan
Review Regularly: Adjust your plan as needed to stay on track
Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

I need of financial planning, I'm getting salary of 76k per month, and yearly bonus of 2 lacs suggest a best financial plan. I've 10k for house hold n other misc expenses
Ans: With a monthly salary of Rs 76,000 and a yearly bonus of Rs 2 lakhs, here is a structured financial plan:

Income and Expenses
Monthly Income:

Salary: Rs 76,000
Monthly Expenses:

Household and Miscellaneous: Rs 10,000
Savings and Investments: Rs 66,000
Budget Allocation
1. Emergency Fund:

Target: 6 months of expenses (Rs 60,000 x 6 = Rs 3,60,000)
Monthly Contribution: Rs 10,000
Instrument: High-interest savings account or liquid fund
2. Retirement Planning:

Target: Secure retirement corpus
Monthly Contribution: Rs 20,000
Instrument: Public Provident Fund (PPF), Employee Provident Fund (EPF), and National Pension System (NPS)
3. Child’s Education:

Target: Future education expenses
Monthly Contribution: Rs 10,000
Instrument: Equity mutual funds via SIP
4. Health and Life Insurance:

Target: Adequate insurance coverage
Monthly Contribution: Rs 5,000
Instrument: Family floater health insurance, term life insurance
5. Short-term Goals:

Target: Vacations, gadgets, etc.
Monthly Contribution: Rs 5,000
Instrument: Recurring deposit or short-term debt mutual funds
6. Tax-saving Investments:

Target: Maximize tax benefits
Monthly Contribution: Rs 6,000
Instrument: Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), PPF, NPS
Yearly Bonus Allocation
1. Lump Sum Investments:

Target: Long-term wealth creation
Amount: Rs 1,50,000
Instrument: Equity mutual funds (lump sum investment)
2. Extra Emergency Fund:

Target: Additional safety net
Amount: Rs 50,000
Instrument: High-interest savings account or liquid fund
Monitoring and Adjustments
1. Regular Review:

Review your financial plan every 6 months.
Adjust based on changes in income, expenses, or financial goals.
2. Professional Guidance:

Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice.
Stay updated with market trends and tax laws.
Final Insights
Your structured financial plan ensures a balanced approach to savings, investments, and expenses. By following this plan, you can achieve your financial goals and secure your future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 20, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 31 years old. I am planning to retire at the age between 45 to 48. I want to generate wealth of at least 10Cr by the time I retire. As of today, I have MF corpus of 28L(17.5L/10.4L) with monthly SIPs of 42500. Current ongoing SIPs in 1. Quant Active Fund - 5k 2. Axis Midcap Fund - 5k 3. Mirae Asset ELSS - 5k 4. SBI Small Cap - 5k 5. Nippon India US Equity Opp. Fund - 2.5k 6. DSP ELSS Tax Saver - 1k 7. Mirae Asset Large & Mid Cap - 5k 8. Nippon India Small Cap - 5k 9. Quant Mid Cap - 3k 10. Quant Small Cap - 3k 11. Quant Flexi Cap - 3k There are 3 Stopped SIPs 1. Axis Bluechip Fund - 1.5L Invested / 2.07L valuation 2. Nippon India ELSS Tax Saver - 94k invested / 2.06L valuation 3. Aditya Birla SL ELSS Tax Saver - 94k invested / 1.64L Valuation Please suggest if I need to change my strategy in investing MF with above ongoing and stopped SIPs. Also, on top of MF investment, I have, PF corpus 11.5L with expected 8% YoY contribution. NPS corpus 11L with expected 8% YoY contribution. 30L in FDs with 9% compounding interest rate and treating same as emergency fund. 6.25L in stocks. Investing in individual stocks and via smallcase baskets(Enery, Banking and Metal Tracker) with 20-25k on quartely basis. PPF corpus of approx. 5L with 5k per month contribution with 9 years remaining. HDFC SL ProGrowth Plus with Sum Assured 12L with pending 8 premius of 60k per year. Me and my wife don't have any term or health insurance. Both of us are relying on corporate health insurance for family. I have home loan of 1.2Cr with EMI of 80k which is a biggest chunk of in hand salary. Household and personal expenses are around 20k per month. So, looking at above details how should I plan my financials for kid's(no kid yet) education/marriage and post retirement life ?
Ans: Your Current Financial Situation
Let’s review your current situation. You have a diverse portfolio with SIPs, mutual funds, stocks, FDs, and more.

Mutual Fund Corpus: Rs 28 lakhs
Monthly SIPs: Rs 42,500
Provident Fund: Rs 11.5 lakhs
NPS: Rs 11 lakhs
Fixed Deposits: Rs 30 lakhs
Stocks: Rs 6.25 lakhs
PPF: Rs 5 lakhs
HDFC SL ProGrowth Plus: Sum Assured Rs 12 lakhs
Home Loan: Rs 1.2 crores with an EMI of Rs 80,000 per month
Expenses: Rs 20,000 per month
Corporate Health Insurance: Only relying on this for health coverage
Investment Strategy Evaluation
You have a robust and diversified investment strategy. Let’s refine it further.

Mutual Funds
You have a wide variety of mutual funds, including equity, ELSS, and international funds.

Active vs. Stopped SIPs
Active SIPs: Quant Active Fund, Axis Midcap Fund, Mirae Asset ELSS, SBI Small Cap, Nippon India US Equity Opp. Fund, DSP ELSS Tax Saver, Mirae Asset Large & Mid Cap, Nippon India Small Cap, Quant Mid Cap, Quant Small Cap, Quant Flexi Cap

Stopped SIPs: Axis Bluechip Fund, Nippon India ELSS Tax Saver, Aditya Birla SL ELSS Tax Saver

Recommendations for Mutual Funds
Consolidation: Reduce the number of funds. This simplifies management and avoids overlap.

Focus on Performance: Keep funds with consistent performance.

Direct vs. Regular Funds
Disadvantages of Direct Funds: Lack professional guidance. Regular funds offer better management through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP).
Additional Investment Suggestions
Debt Instruments
PPF and NPS: Continue contributions. They offer stability and tax benefits.
Stocks and Smallcases
Stock Investments: Keep investing quarterly. Diversify across sectors for balanced growth.
Fixed Deposits
Emergency Fund: Maintain Rs 30 lakhs in FDs. Ensure easy access for emergencies.
Insurance Needs
Health Insurance
Individual Health Insurance: Get a separate health insurance plan. Corporate plans may not be sufficient.
Term Insurance
Life Cover: Get a term insurance plan for adequate life cover. This secures your family’s future.
Loan Management
Home Loan
Prepayment: Consider prepaying the home loan with surplus funds. This reduces interest burden and tenure.
Child’s Education and Marriage Planning
Systematic Investments
SIPs for Education: Start SIPs dedicated to your future child's education. Aim for growth-oriented funds.

Marriage Fund: Similarly, allocate funds for marriage expenses.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
For Girl Child: If you have a girl child, consider investing in Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for her future.
Retirement Planning
Retirement Corpus
Target: Aim for a retirement corpus of Rs 10 crores by age 45-48.
Increase SIPs Annually: Increase your SIPs by 15% every year. This leverages compounding effectively.

Balanced Portfolio: Maintain a balanced portfolio with equity, debt, and other instruments.

Professional Management
Certified Financial Planner: Work with a CFP for personalized advice. They help manage and optimize your investments.
Final Insights
You have a strong investment base. Simplify your mutual fund portfolio and focus on high-performing funds. Get adequate health and life insurance. Prepay your home loan to reduce the burden. Plan systematically for your child's education and marriage. Work with a Certified Financial Planner to achieve your retirement goal of Rs 10 crores.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 19, 2024Hindi
I want to seek your advise on PMS for me. I have retired last year and have received a corpus of 1 cr. I have investments in FD, PPF, mutual Fund, Senior citizen scheme, mutual funds and SIP. Please advise if PMS is good for me as I want to generate more money for my son’s future.
Ans: It’s great that you are thinking about your son’s future. You have already diversified your investments well. This is commendable.

Overview of Portfolio Management Services (PMS)
PMS involves professional management of investments. It offers tailored investment strategies. Let's explore whether it suits your needs.

Benefits of PMS
Professional Management: Managed by expert portfolio managers.

Customised Strategies: Tailored to individual goals and risk tolerance.

Active Management: Regular adjustments based on market conditions.

Potential for Higher Returns: Aims to outperform standard investments.

Drawbacks of PMS
High Fees: Management fees can be substantial.

Minimum Investment: Usually requires a large initial investment.

Market Risk: Investments are subject to market volatility.

Lack of Liquidity: It may have lock-in periods or exit loads.

Evaluating PMS for Your Needs
You have a significant corpus of Rs. 1 crore. Let's evaluate if PMS aligns with your goals.

Professional Management: PMS offers expert handling. This might appeal to you.

Customisation: Your specific needs for your son's future can be addressed.

Active Management: Ensures your portfolio is aligned with market changes.

Comparing PMS with Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are also professionally managed. Let’s compare both options.

Advantages of Mutual Funds
Diversification: Spreads risk across many investments.

Lower Costs: Generally lower fees than PMS.

Liquidity: Easier to buy and sell units.

Simplicity: Easier to understand and manage.

Disadvantages of PMS
High Costs: Higher fees can eat into returns.

Complexity: Requires understanding of various strategies.

Risk: Higher risk due to concentrated investments.

Considering your current investments, PMS might offer higher returns. However, it also comes with higher risks and costs.

Benefits of Continuing with Mutual Funds and SIPs
Diversification: Reduces risk.

Cost-Effective: Lower fees compared to PMS.

Ease of Management: Simpler to handle.

Drawbacks of PMS
High Fees: Can reduce net returns.

Market Volatility: Subject to high market risks.

Final Insights
Given your diversified portfolio, sticking with mutual funds and SIPs is advisable. They offer professional management with lower costs and risks.

You can consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to review your portfolio. This will ensure it aligns with your goals for your son's future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

I am 45 yr. Old house wife. Wish to gain knowledge about NPS(National Pension Scheme) in detail. Can i open it by my own? If yes what is the procedure? Can a person have more then 2 Nps a/c.? A detailed insight needed.
Ans: The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a government-sponsored retirement savings scheme. It is designed to provide financial security during retirement. NPS offers a mix of equity, fixed income instruments, corporate bonds, and government securities. Here’s a detailed insight into NPS:

Eligibility and Account Opening
Who Can Open an NPS Account?

Any Indian citizen aged between 18 and 70 years can open an NPS account. This includes both salaried individuals and self-employed professionals.
Types of NPS Accounts

Tier I Account: This is the primary retirement account. It is mandatory and offers tax benefits.

Tier II Account: This is a voluntary savings account. It allows withdrawals at any time but does not offer tax benefits.

Procedure to Open an NPS Account
Online Method

Visit the official NPS website or a Point of Presence (PoP) online portal.

Complete the registration form with your personal details.

Upload required documents like PAN, Aadhaar, and a photograph.

Make an initial contribution of at least Rs. 500.

Offline Method

Visit the nearest PoP, typically a bank branch.

Fill out the NPS registration form.

Submit KYC documents (PAN, Aadhaar, etc.).

Make the initial contribution at the PoP counter.

Can a Person Have More Than One NPS Account?
Single NPS Account Policy

An individual can only have one NPS account. Multiple accounts are not allowed under the scheme.
Investment Options and Fund Management
Active Choice

You select the allocation among equities, corporate bonds, and government securities.
Auto Choice

The allocation is automatically managed based on your age.
Tax Benefits and Withdrawals
Tax Benefits

Contributions up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.

An additional Rs. 50,000 deduction is available under Section 80CCD (1B).


Up to 60% of the corpus can be withdrawn tax-free at retirement.

The remaining 40% must be used to purchase an annuity, providing regular pension.

How to Maximize Benefits from NPS
Regular Contributions

Make regular contributions to grow your retirement corpus.

Increase your contributions whenever possible to benefit from compounding.

Monitor Performance

Regularly review the performance of your NPS investments.

Switch between fund managers if required to optimize returns.

Additional Tips
Combine with Other Investments

Use NPS alongside other investment options like mutual funds and PPF for a balanced retirement portfolio.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner

A Certified Financial Planner can help you optimize your investment strategy and maximize benefits.
Final Insights
NPS is a robust retirement savings option offering tax benefits and diversified investments. Opening an account is simple, and you can manage it online or offline. Remember, you can only have one NPS account. Regular contributions and monitoring are key to maximizing your retirement corpus. Consider combining NPS with other investments for a balanced approach. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized guidance and ensure you make the most of your NPS investments.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 19, 2024Hindi
I am 37 years old and have a kid 4 5 months old ..I want to invest 2.5 laksh lump sum for a long time period of 25-30 years..which investment instrument should I opt for ..what will be the returns depending on the instrument you suggest ...
Ans: You want to invest Rs 2.5 lakhs lump sum for 25-30 years. Here's a detailed analysis of suitable investment instruments:

Equity Mutual Funds
Potential Returns:

Equity mutual funds can provide high returns.
Historically, they offer 12-15% annual returns over the long term.

Diversification across various sectors.
Professional fund management.
Flexibility to switch between funds.

Market volatility can impact short-term performance.
Requires a long-term horizon to mitigate risks.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Potential Returns:

PPF offers 7-8% annual returns.
Returns are compounded annually.

Government-backed and risk-free.
Tax benefits under Section 80C.
Long lock-in period aligns with your investment horizon.

Lower returns compared to equity mutual funds.
Limited liquidity due to a 15-year lock-in period.
National Pension System (NPS)
Potential Returns:

NPS offers 8-10% annual returns.
Combines equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

Tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD(1B).
Flexibility to choose asset allocation.
Low management fees.

Returns depend on market performance.
Partial withdrawal restrictions until retirement.
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB)
Potential Returns:

SGBs offer 2.5% annual interest plus capital gains linked to gold prices.
Historically, gold has provided 8-10% annual returns.

Government-backed with no storage issues.
Tax benefits if held till maturity.
Hedge against inflation and currency risks.

Gold prices can be volatile.
Long tenure of 8 years may not align perfectly with your horizon.
Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP)
Potential Returns:

ULIPs can offer 8-10% annual returns.
Combines investment with insurance.

Dual benefit of investment and insurance.
Tax benefits under Section 80C.
Flexibility in switching between equity, debt, and balanced funds.

High charges in initial years.
Returns depend on fund performance and market conditions.
Final Insights
For a long-term horizon, equity mutual funds are the best option. They offer high returns and professional management. Diversify your investments for risk management. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio with a Certified Financial Planner.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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