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Mahesh

Mahesh Padmanabhan  |120 Answers  |Ask -

Tax Expert - Answered on May 03, 2023

Mahesh Padmanabhan has specialised in payroll, personal and corporate taxation for more than two and a half decades, enabling him to provide practical, realistic and correct advice to his clients.
He is a member of The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and has a degree in cost accounting from the Institute of Cost Accountants of India.
He is also a qualified information systems auditor. ... more
Alok Question by Alok on May 01, 2023Translate
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I had sold 3 BHK flat in Sept,2015 and invested the sale proceeds in purchasing a flat in March,2016. this year in March,2023 I sold an ancestral flat purchased by my father in August,2007 and acquired by me through family arrangement and purchased a plot out of entire sale proceeds with intention to construct a house thereon. Pl let me know " will I have to pay tax on capital gain amount".

Ans: Hi Alok
Buying a plot is not considered as reinvestment and eligibility is on buying or constructing a residential house.

In this case if you construct a house on the plot then you could map the capital gains from the sale of the ancestral house against the cost of construction of the house on the plot.

Also, as you have sold the house in March 2023, you would need to open a Capital Gain Accounts Scheme (CGAS) account with any nationalized bank on or before the due date for filing your tax return. The deposit of the capital gain amount in the CGAS account would be treated as reinvestment for the moment.

You need to note that this CGAS account amount has to be utilized for construction within 3 years from the date of sale of the ancestral house.

In case you are not depositing the amount in CGAS account or reinvesting in any eligible assets before filing tax return (of course before due date) then you would need to pay tax on the capital gain portion
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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I have bought a plot for Rs.3 Lakhs in the year, 2006 and constructed a house by taking a bank loan of Rs.10 lakhs in the year, 2007. Now, I have sold this house for Rs.80 lakhs in the year, 2023. What are the capital gains tax I should be paying on this? The buyer has paid Rs.75 K towards TDS on this deal and duducted the same from the sale proceeds due to me. Can I claim this TDS from the IT department? Please clarify.
Ans: To calculate the capital gains tax on the sale of your house, we need to consider the acquisition cost, the cost of improvement, and the sale proceeds. Let's break down the calculations:

Acquisition Cost:
The acquisition cost is the amount you paid for the plot in 2006, which is Rs. 3 lakhs.

Cost of Improvement:
The cost of improvement includes the expenses incurred for constructing the house. In this case, it is the bank loan you took of Rs. 10 lakhs in 2007.

Indexed Cost of Acquisition and Improvement:
To adjust the acquisition cost and cost of improvement for inflation, we need to calculate the indexed cost. The indexed cost is calculated using the Cost Inflation Index (CII) provided by the Income Tax Department. The CII for the relevant years can be found on the Income Tax Department's website.

Let's assume the CII for the year 2006-2007 was 122, and for the year 2007-2023 (the year of sale), it was 317.

Indexed Cost of Acquisition = Acquisition Cost × (CII for the year of sale/CII for the year of acquisition)
Indexed Cost of Acquisition = Rs. 3 lakhs × (317/122) = Rs. 7,79,508=19

Indexed Cost of Improvement = Cost of Improvement × (CII for the year of sale/CII for the year of improvement)
Indexed Cost of Improvement = Rs. 10 lakhs × (317/122) = Rs. 25,98,360=65

Capital Gain:
To calculate the capital gain, deduct the indexed cost of acquisition and the indexed cost of improvement from the sale proceeds.
Capital Gain = Sale Proceeds - (Indexed Cost of Acquisition + Indexed Cost of Improvement)
Capital Gain = Rs. 80 lakhs - (Rs. 7,79,508=19+ Rs. 25,98,360=65)
Capital Gain = Rs. 46,22,131=16

Capital Gains Tax:
The capital gains tax depends on whether the property is held for the long term or the short term. In this case, since you held the property for more than 24 months, it qualifies as a long-term capital asset.
For long-term capital gains, you have the option to pay tax at a rate of 20% with indexation benefits or 10% without indexation benefits, whichever is lower. Indexation benefits adjust the acquisition and improvement costs for inflation.

Assuming you choose the 20% tax rate with indexation benefits, the capital gains tax would be:

Capital Gains Tax = Capital Gain × 20%
Capital Gains Tax = Rs. 46,22,131=16 × 20%
Capital Gains Tax = Rs. 9,24,426=23

Regarding the TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) of Rs. 75,000 paid by the buyer, you can claim credit for this amount while filing your income tax return. The TDS can be set off against your tax liability or claimed as a refund if it exceeds your tax liability. Make sure to provide the necessary details and documentation when filing your tax return to claim the TDS amount.
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