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Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on May 16, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 15, 2024Hindi
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Age - 43years, Own house - Value around 50 Lacs, MF investments - 35 Lacs, Equity SIPs running - 20k, FDs - Emergency fund (5 Lacs), Salary - 30 Lacs p.a., I would like to buy house of 2 crore in next 2-3 years.. when should I sell my current house which is valuing around 50 Lacs to have limited tax liability.

Ans: In the year of buying new house
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 23, 2024Hindi
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Hi, I am 47 yrs old, having lumpsum sip of 7 lakh, earning 12 p.a., further i have a house with rental yield of 30k p.m., please suggest whether to hold the house earning the rent or sell off and reinvest for making a corpus of Rs.5 Cr in another 10 yrs. House sale value would be Rs.1 Cr approx. Also have a huge risk appetite. Kindly advice.
Ans: Evaluating the Option to Hold or Sell Rental Property
As a Certified Financial Planner, I understand the importance of making informed decisions regarding your investments and assets. Let's analyze whether it's beneficial for you to hold onto your rental property or sell it off and reinvest the proceeds to achieve your financial goals.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
Firstly, it's essential to assess your current financial situation. At 47 years old, with a lump sum SIP of 7 lakhs and an annual income of 12 lakhs, you have significant resources to work with. Additionally, your rental property generates a monthly income of 30,000 rupees.

Genuine Appreciation for Your Risk Appetite
I appreciate your risk appetite, which allows for exploring various investment opportunities to maximize returns and achieve your financial objectives.

Analyzing the Rental Property Option
Pros of Holding the Rental Property:
Steady Income: The rental property provides a consistent monthly income stream, contributing to your overall financial stability.
Asset Appreciation: Over time, the value of the property may appreciate, potentially increasing your net worth.
Diversification: Real estate offers diversification benefits, complementing your investment portfolio.
Cons of Holding the Rental Property:
Illiquidity: Real estate assets are relatively illiquid, making it challenging to access funds quickly if needed.
Maintenance Costs: Property ownership entails ongoing maintenance and repair expenses, which may reduce your net rental income.
Market Fluctuations: Real estate markets can be subject to fluctuations, affecting rental yields and property values.
Analyzing the Option to Sell and Reinvest
Pros of Selling and Reinvesting:
Liquidity: Selling the property provides a lump sum of approximately 1 crore rupees, offering liquidity to explore alternative investment avenues.
Potential Higher Returns: By reinvesting the proceeds in high-return investments, such as equity or mutual funds, you may achieve higher long-term growth.
Flexibility: Reinvesting allows for greater flexibility in adjusting your investment strategy based on market conditions and personal financial goals.
Cons of Selling and Reinvesting:
Loss of Rental Income: Selling the property means forfeiting the steady rental income it generates, which may impact your monthly cash flow.
Transaction Costs: Selling property incurs transaction costs, including brokerage fees, taxes, and legal expenses, which reduce the net proceeds from the sale.
Market Risks: Investing the sale proceeds in market-linked instruments exposes you to market risks, including volatility and fluctuations.
Conclusion and Recommendation
After careful consideration, I recommend evaluating both options based on your specific financial goals, risk tolerance, and liquidity requirements. If your primary objective is to achieve a corpus of 5 crores in the next 10 years, selling the property and reinvesting the proceeds in a diversified portfolio of high-return investments may offer better growth potential and liquidity.

However, it's crucial to conduct a detailed analysis, considering factors such as tax implications, transaction costs, and investment strategies. I recommend consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to create a tailored plan that aligns with your long-term financial objectives.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 12, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir, I'm a 32 y/o married male. Our combined income per month is 2.2 lacs (in-hand). We have savings in equity and mf of 24 Lacs, and are currently considering purchasing a house. With the current property rates in and around Mumbai, the apartments we have seen cost around 1.3 to 1.5 cr. With annual fixed expenses (insurance, and toher obligations) of around 2.5 Lacs, and living expenses of 45-50 thousand per month, is buying a house right now the correct decision? If yes, please help with a few pointers on how we need to effectively manage the obligations it will bring on us.
Ans: Congratulations on your steady combined income and substantial savings in equity and mutual funds. Considering a home purchase is a significant decision, especially in a high-value market like Mumbai. This guide will help you evaluate the decision and manage the associated financial obligations effectively.

Understanding Your Financial Position

Your monthly combined income of Rs 2.2 lakhs is commendable. You have annual fixed expenses of Rs 2.5 lakhs and monthly living expenses of Rs 45-50 thousand. Your current savings in equity and mutual funds amount to Rs 24 lakhs. These factors provide a strong foundation for assessing your ability to buy a house.

Evaluating the Home Purchase Decision

Buying a house is both an emotional and financial decision. Given the property rates in Mumbai, you are looking at homes costing between Rs 1.3 to 1.5 crores. This is a substantial investment that will impact your financial situation for years. Let's break down the key considerations.

Down Payment and Loan Amount

Typically, you will need to make a down payment of at least 20% of the property value. For a house costing Rs 1.3 to 1.5 crores, this amounts to Rs 26 to 30 lakhs. Your current savings can comfortably cover this down payment, but it will significantly reduce your liquid assets. The remaining amount, Rs 1.04 to 1.2 crores, will need to be financed through a home loan.

Home Loan Considerations

Home loans come with long-term financial commitments. With interest rates and the loan tenure (usually 20-25 years), the EMI (Equated Monthly Installment) can be a significant portion of your monthly income. It is crucial to ensure that your EMI does not exceed 40% of your monthly income to maintain financial stability.

Impact on Monthly Budget

Assuming an EMI of around Rs 80,000 to Rs 1 lakh, you will need to adjust your monthly budget. With your living expenses of Rs 45-50 thousand and fixed annual expenses, managing the EMI within your current income level will require careful planning.

Emergency Fund and Savings

Maintaining an emergency fund is essential, especially after committing to a significant financial obligation like a home loan. Ensure you have at least six months' worth of expenses in an easily accessible savings account or liquid fund. Additionally, continue to save and invest in mutual funds to ensure long-term financial growth and security.

Tax Benefits of Home Loans

Home loans come with tax benefits under sections 80C and 24(b) of the Income Tax Act. The principal repayment qualifies for deduction up to Rs 1.5 lakhs, while the interest payment is eligible for deduction up to Rs 2 lakhs annually. These benefits can provide some relief in managing the overall financial burden.

Managing the Obligations

Budgeting and Expense Management: Create a detailed budget that includes your EMI, living expenses, fixed obligations, and emergency fund contributions. Track your expenses regularly to ensure you stay within your budget.

Prioritizing Investments: While focusing on the home loan, continue to invest in mutual funds for long-term growth. Diversify your portfolio across different types of funds to optimize returns and manage risk.

Professional Guidance: Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to ensure your financial plan aligns with your long-term goals. A CFP can provide personalized advice on managing your investments, loan repayment, and overall financial health.

Insurance Cover: Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance coverage. This protects your family and financial interests in case of unforeseen events. Consider term insurance for life cover and a comprehensive health insurance policy.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to at least six months' expenses. This provides a financial cushion in case of job loss, medical emergencies, or other unexpected events.

Regular Reviews: Periodically review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed. Regular reviews with your CFP can help you stay on track with your goals and adapt to any changes in your financial situation.

Long-Term Financial Planning

Retirement Planning: Continue to contribute towards your retirement corpus through systematic investment plans (SIPs) in mutual funds. A well-planned retirement strategy ensures financial independence in your later years.

Children’s Education: If you have or plan to have children, start investing early for their education. Consider dedicated education funds or SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds for long-term growth.

Estate Planning: Ensure you have a clear estate plan in place. Create a will to specify how your assets should be distributed, and consider setting up trusts if necessary. Proper estate planning can prevent legal disputes and ensure a smooth transfer of assets to your heirs.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

While direct funds have lower expense ratios, they lack the professional guidance provided by regular funds. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials ensures you receive expert advice. This professional support can help you make informed decisions, align your investments with your financial goals, and navigate market complexities.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds passively track market indices, offering average market returns. They don't capitalize on market inefficiencies or opportunities that actively managed funds can exploit. For someone aiming for higher returns, especially with long-term goals, actively managed funds can provide better growth potential.

Benefits of Regular Funds

Regular funds, accessed through an MFD with CFP credentials, provide the advantage of expert guidance. These professionals can help you navigate complex investment decisions, rebalance your portfolio, and adapt your strategy as your financial situation evolves. The value of personalized advice often outweighs the marginally higher expense ratios.

Balancing Short-Term and Long-Term Goals

While purchasing a house is a significant short-term goal, it’s essential to balance it with your long-term financial goals. Continue to invest for your future, ensuring that your retirement, children’s education, and other long-term objectives remain on track.

Emotional and Practical Considerations

Buying a house is not just a financial decision but an emotional one too. Consider your long-term plans, job stability, and lifestyle preferences. Owning a home provides stability and a sense of ownership but comes with maintenance responsibilities and financial obligations.

Final Insights

Buying a house in Mumbai is a major financial commitment that requires careful planning and disciplined execution. Assess your financial readiness, consider the impact on your monthly budget, and ensure you have a robust emergency fund. Leverage the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner to create a comprehensive financial plan that balances your short-term and long-term goals. By making informed decisions and managing your finances prudently, you can achieve your dream of homeownership while maintaining financial stability.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 18, 2024Hindi
Money
Hi , I am 44 yrs old and having working wife and two son of 17 yrs & 5 yrs... elder son is down syndrom.. joint monthly take home is 2 lacs.. having 85 lacs of mutual fund.. 18 lacs in PPF, 32 lacs in EPF, & around 25 lacs in others like FD, saving, shares etc.. monthly saving around 1.2 lacs including 75K SIP, 18K PPF, 25K EPF etc... Having Own home at my native place.... Want to know that should I go for new Flat purchase at location where I am residing in rented house of monthly 14K excluding electricity or continue my investment in place of Home loan... I hv opted new tax slab and my wife is in old tax... my target to have 15 CR at the age of 60
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Income and Savings
Your combined monthly take-home income is Rs. 2 lakhs. Your current savings include:

Mutual Funds: Rs. 85 lakhs
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs. 18 lakhs
Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF): Rs. 32 lakhs
Other Investments (FD, Savings, Shares): Rs. 25 lakhs
Your monthly savings distribution is as follows:

SIP in Mutual Funds: Rs. 75,000
PPF: Rs. 18,000
EPF: Rs. 25,000
You live in a rented house with a rent of Rs. 14,000 per month.

Evaluating the Decision to Buy a New Flat
Current Housing Situation
Living in a rented house at Rs. 14,000 per month is relatively affordable, especially given your high monthly income. Renting provides flexibility and lower maintenance costs compared to owning.

Financial Impact of Buying a New Flat
Purchasing a new flat would involve a significant financial commitment, including a home loan, maintenance costs, property taxes, and other associated expenses. This would reduce your investable surplus and potentially impact your ability to meet your financial goals.

Comparative Analysis: Rent vs. Buy
Renting: Offers flexibility, lower upfront costs, and avoids long-term debt.
Buying: Provides stability and potential appreciation in property value but requires a large financial commitment and ongoing expenses.
Long-term Financial Goals
Target: Rs. 15 Crores by Age 60
To achieve your target of Rs. 15 crores by age 60, you need to focus on maximizing your investments' growth while maintaining a balanced risk profile.

Current Investments and Growth Potential
Mutual Funds: Your Rs. 85 lakhs in mutual funds can grow substantially with continued SIPs and market performance.
PPF and EPF: These provide stable, long-term growth with tax benefits, contributing to your retirement corpus.
Other Investments: FDs, savings, and shares add diversification but should be reviewed for optimal growth potential.
Investment Strategy
Enhancing SIP Contributions
Continuing and potentially increasing your SIP contributions will leverage the power of compounding. Focus on a mix of equity and debt funds to balance growth and risk.

Recommendation: Consider increasing your SIP by a percentage each year to keep pace with inflation and maximize returns.
Diversification and Rebalancing
Ensure your portfolio is diversified across various asset classes to minimize risk and optimize returns. Periodically review and rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your financial goals.

Recommendation: Include large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds for equity exposure. Balance with debt funds for stability.
Utilising Tax-efficient Investments
Maximize your contributions to tax-efficient instruments like PPF and EPF. These not only provide stable returns but also offer significant tax benefits.

Recommendation: Continue maximizing your PPF contributions and ensure your EPF contributions are optimized.
Emergency Fund Management
Maintaining a robust emergency fund is crucial. Your current Rs. 25 lakhs in FD and savings can be used to cover unexpected expenses.

Recommendation: Keep at least 6-12 months of living expenses in easily accessible liquid assets.
Estate Planning and Insurance
Life and Health Insurance
Ensure adequate life and health insurance coverage for your family, especially considering your elder son's needs. This will protect your family's financial stability in case of unforeseen events.

Recommendation: Opt for a comprehensive health insurance plan and term insurance for sufficient coverage.
Estate Planning
Create a comprehensive estate plan, including a will, to ensure your assets are distributed according to your wishes and your family is taken care of.

Recommendation: Consult a legal expert to draft a will and set up any necessary trusts.
Education and Future Planning for Children
Special Needs Planning
Given your elder son's Down syndrome, consider creating a financial plan that ensures his long-term care and support.

Recommendation: Look into setting up a special needs trust and explore government schemes and benefits available for children with disabilities.
Education Fund for Younger Son
Start a dedicated investment plan for your younger son's education. This can include child-specific mutual funds or education-focused investment plans.

Recommendation: Allocate a portion of your monthly savings towards an education fund.
Final Insights
Given your strong financial position and disciplined saving habits, you are well on your way to achieving your long-term goals. However, buying a new flat at this stage might not be the best financial decision if it significantly impacts your investment capacity.

Focusing on growing your investment portfolio and maintaining a balanced, diversified approach will help you accumulate the desired Rs. 15 crores by age 60. Ensuring adequate insurance coverage and planning for your elder son's special needs will further secure your family's future.

Stay disciplined with your investments, periodically review your portfolio, and make adjustments as needed to stay on track. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice and help optimize your financial strategy.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 04, 2024

Money
Hi sir , I need to buy my dream house after 10 years .now the worth is 2 cr for it . If I want to buy this after 10 years . How I should start sip
Ans: Buying your dream house is a significant milestone, and planning for it now is a smart move. You mentioned that the house is currently worth Rs 2 crore. Since you plan to buy it in 10 years, it’s essential to strategize how to save up for it effectively. Starting a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in mutual funds is a great way to build wealth over time. Let's dive into the details and explore how you can achieve this goal.

Understanding Your Financial Goal
To buy your dream house in 10 years, you need a robust financial plan. The current value of the house is Rs 2 crore. However, property prices generally increase over time due to inflation and market demand.

Estimating Future Cost
To estimate the future cost of the house, let's assume an average annual increase in property prices. While the rate can vary, a common estimate is around 5-7% per year. With this rate, your house could be significantly more expensive in 10 years.

For instance, if we consider a 6% annual increase, the house's value might be around Rs 3.58 crore in 10 years. This estimation helps you set a realistic savings goal.

Setting a Savings Target
Given the estimated future cost, you need to aim for around Rs 3.5 crore. This might seem daunting, but with disciplined saving and smart investment choices, it's achievable.

The first step is to determine how much you need to save monthly through SIPs to reach this target.

Benefits of SIPs in Mutual Funds
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are a disciplined way to invest in mutual funds. They allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, usually monthly, into mutual funds.

Power of Compounding
One of the greatest benefits of SIPs is the power of compounding. By reinvesting your returns, you earn returns on your returns. Over time, this can lead to significant growth.

For example, if you start with a small amount and let it grow, the compounded returns can turn into a substantial sum over a decade.

Rupee Cost Averaging
SIPs benefit from rupee cost averaging, which means you buy more units when prices are low and fewer when prices are high. This helps in averaging the cost of your investments over time, reducing the impact of market volatility.

Flexibility and Convenience
SIPs are flexible and convenient. You can start with a small amount and increase it over time as your income grows. They also allow you to invest without worrying about market timing, making it a stress-free way to save.

Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Selecting the right mutual funds for your SIPs is crucial. Given your 10-year horizon and the goal of buying a house, it's important to balance growth potential with risk.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest primarily in stocks and have the potential to offer higher returns over the long term. They are suitable for goals with a longer horizon, like your dream house purchase.

Growth Potential: Equity funds can provide significant growth, especially over a decade. They benefit from market upswings and the overall growth of the economy.

Types of Equity Funds: There are various types of equity funds, such as large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Large-cap funds invest in well-established companies, offering stability, while mid-cap and small-cap funds invest in smaller companies, providing higher growth potential but with more volatility.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds
Balanced or hybrid funds invest in both equity and debt instruments, providing a mix of growth and stability.

Stability with Growth: These funds offer the growth potential of equities while balancing the risk with more stable debt investments.

Suitability: They are suitable for investors who want growth but with less risk than pure equity funds. For a 10-year goal, they can be a good choice to reduce volatility while still aiming for decent returns.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt mutual funds invest in bonds and other fixed-income securities. They are less volatile but offer lower returns compared to equity funds.

Capital Preservation: These funds focus on preserving capital and providing regular income. They are suitable for short-term goals or for conservative investors.

Role in Diversification: While they might not be the main vehicle for achieving your 10-year goal, they can be part of a diversified portfolio to reduce overall risk.

Evaluating the Performance and Risk
When selecting mutual funds, it’s important to evaluate their performance and understand the associated risks.

Historical Performance
Look at the historical performance of the mutual funds. While past performance does not guarantee future returns, it provides insights into how the fund has managed different market conditions.

Consistency: Choose funds with consistent performance over different market cycles. This indicates good fund management.

Benchmark Comparison: Compare the fund’s performance to its benchmark. A fund that consistently beats its benchmark can be considered well-managed.

Risk Assessment
Understanding the risk level of mutual funds is crucial. Different funds come with varying levels of risk.

Equity Funds: Higher potential returns but come with higher risk. Suitable for long-term goals like your house purchase.

Debt Funds: Lower risk but also lower returns. Can be used for capital preservation and reducing overall portfolio risk.

Balanced Funds: Medium risk with a balanced approach between equity and debt.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Once you start your SIPs, it’s essential to regularly review your investments and rebalance your portfolio if needed.

Periodic Reviews
Regularly assess your investments to ensure they align with your financial goals and market conditions.

Performance Check: Monitor the performance of your mutual funds. Ensure they are on track to meet your goal.

Goal Alignment: As you get closer to your goal, you might need to shift from high-risk to lower-risk investments to protect your accumulated wealth.

Rebalancing
Rebalancing involves adjusting your portfolio to maintain your desired asset allocation.

Maintain Allocation: Over time, some investments might grow faster than others, altering your asset allocation. Rebalancing helps in maintaining the original allocation.

Risk Management: Rebalancing ensures that your portfolio remains aligned with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Tax Implications of SIPs
Understanding the tax implications of your SIP investments is essential. This affects your net returns and helps in planning your withdrawals effectively.

Taxation on Equity Mutual Funds
For equity mutual funds, gains are taxed based on the holding period.

Short-term Capital Gains (STCG): If you sell equity mutual funds within one year, gains are taxed at 15%.

Long-term Capital Gains (LTCG): For investments held for more than one year, gains up to Rs 1 lakh are tax-free. Gains above this limit are taxed at 10%.

Taxation on Debt Mutual Funds
Debt mutual funds have different tax rules based on the holding period.

Short-term Capital Gains (STCG): Gains from debt funds held for less than three years are taxed as per your income tax slab.

Long-term Capital Gains (LTCG): Gains from debt funds held for more than three years are taxed at 20% with indexation, which adjusts the purchase price for inflation.

Tax-efficient Withdrawals
Planning your withdrawals from mutual funds can minimize tax impact.

Laddering Withdrawals: If you need to withdraw periodically, consider spreading out withdrawals to benefit from lower or no tax rates on gains.

Utilizing Exemptions: Make use of the Rs 1 lakh annual exemption for LTCG from equity mutual funds.

Regular Funds vs. Direct Funds
When investing in mutual funds, you have the choice between direct funds and regular funds. Here’s why regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) might be a better option:

Benefits of Regular Funds
Professional Guidance: Investing through a CFP gives you access to professional advice and expertise. They help in selecting funds that align with your goals.

Holistic Planning: CFPs consider your overall financial situation, including other investments, risk tolerance, and future goals.

Simplified Decision Making: With a CFP, you get personalized strategies and support, making the complex world of investing more accessible.

Drawbacks of Direct Funds
Lack of Guidance: Direct funds are cheaper but come without professional advice. This might not be ideal for investors unfamiliar with market intricacies.

Complexity: Managing and selecting funds on your own can be complex and time-consuming, especially if you are not well-versed in financial markets.

Final Insights
Planning to buy your dream house in 10 years is a fantastic goal, and starting a SIP in mutual funds is a smart way to achieve it. Here’s a summary to guide your journey:

Understand Your Goal: The house is currently worth Rs 2 crore, but inflation could push this to Rs 3.5 crore in 10 years. Set this as your target.

Leverage SIPs: Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) harness the power of compounding and rupee cost averaging. They provide a disciplined approach to saving and investing.

Choose the Right Funds: Consider equity funds for growth, balanced funds for stability, and debt funds for diversification. Evaluate each fund’s performance and risk level.

Regular Review and Rebalancing: Periodically review and adjust your investments to stay on track with your goals. Rebalancing helps maintain your desired asset allocation.

Understand Tax Implications: Be aware of the tax treatment of your SIPs and plan withdrawals to minimize tax impact.

Consider Professional Guidance: Investing in regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner provides valuable advice and support, helping you navigate your investment journey effectively.

With careful planning, disciplined investing, and regular reviews, you can achieve your dream of buying a house in 10 years. Stay focused on your goal, and let the power of SIPs in mutual funds work for you.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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