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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3754 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 24, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Pratap Question by Pratap on May 21, 2024Hindi
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Sir, Age: 30yrs Income: 1.5lakhs per month Living in a rented house Getting married this year end. How much should I save monthly and how to live a happy life. Planning to retire as early as possible by 45-50yrs

Ans: Financial Planning for a Happy and Secure Life
Congratulations on your upcoming wedding and your aspiration to achieve early retirement! Let's devise a financial plan to help you save effectively while enjoying a fulfilling life.

Assessing Your Financial Situation
Income and Expenses
Your monthly income of ?1.5 lakhs provides a solid foundation for financial stability.
Evaluate your current expenses, including rent, utilities, groceries, and discretionary spending.
Goals and Aspirations
Early retirement by 45-50 years is an ambitious but achievable goal that requires careful planning and disciplined saving.
Prioritize your financial goals, including saving for retirement, marriage expenses, and future financial milestones.
Determining Monthly Savings
Retirement Savings
Calculate the amount needed to achieve your retirement goal by 45-50 years, considering your desired lifestyle and inflation.
Determine the monthly savings required to reach this target within the specified timeframe.
Marriage Expenses
Estimate the total cost of your wedding and allocate a portion of your monthly income towards saving for this event.
Plan your savings strategy to ensure you have sufficient funds available by the end of the year.
Strategies for Living a Happy Life
Financial Wellness
Cultivate financial discipline by adhering to a budget and monitoring your expenses regularly.
Invest in experiences rather than material possessions, focusing on activities that bring joy and fulfillment.
Work-Life Balance
Prioritize work-life balance to avoid burnout and maintain overall well-being.
Allocate time for hobbies, relaxation, and spending quality moments with loved ones.
Personal Growth
Invest in personal development and lifelong learning to enhance your skills and broaden your horizons.
Pursue hobbies, interests, and passions that contribute to your personal growth and happiness.
Conclusion: Balancing Financial Security and Happiness
By adopting a balanced approach to financial planning and life enjoyment, you can achieve both financial security and happiness.

Recommendations
Monthly Savings Plan
Allocate a significant portion of your income towards retirement savings to meet your early retirement goal.
Set aside a dedicated amount each month for marriage expenses, ensuring you have sufficient funds by the wedding date.
Lifestyle Choices
Embrace a minimalist lifestyle focused on experiences and personal fulfillment rather than material possessions.
Practice mindfulness and gratitude to appreciate the present moment and find happiness in simple pleasures.
Seek Professional Advice
Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to develop a customized financial plan tailored to your specific goals and aspirations. A CFP can provide personalized guidance and support to help you achieve financial independence and live a fulfilling life.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 15, 2024Hindi
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Hi, I am 25 years old working in a MNC. Earning arround 65k excluding taxes in Bangalore + some shift, yearly bonus etc. avg hike 20%(not every year only hike 15% promotion 25% like that). I also earn 40-50k as part time few months not every month. My living cost is arround 20-25k per month I have to give my family arround 20k per month needs full fill I use arround 30k per year like phone laptop electronic (increase 20% yearly). How much should I save to retire at the age of 45? I am not married. Have arround 12L+ in savings 70% equity and 30% debt. I plan to buy a car in 2 year and marriage, also family planning.
Ans: Here's a breakdown to help you estimate how much you can save towards retirement at 45, considering your current situation and future plans:

Income:

Monthly Salary (excluding taxes): ?65,000 (approx.)
Yearly Bonus (average): Let's assume a conservative estimate of 1 month's salary (?65,000)
Part-time Income (average monthly): ?45,000 (considering the range)
Total Average Monthly Income:

(?65,000 + ?45,000)/12 + ?65,000/12 ≈ ?91,667

Expenses:

Living Costs: ?25,000
Family Support: ?20,000
Electronics (Yearly): ?30,000/12 = ?2,500 (monthly)
Total Average Monthly Expenses: ?47,500

Savings Potential:

?91,667 (Monthly Income) - ?47,500 (Monthly Expenses) ≈ ?44,167

Important Considerations:

Future Expenses: You plan to buy a car in 2 years, get married, and potentially start a family. These will significantly impact your savings. Factor in estimated costs for these events.
Inflation: Inflation will erode the purchasing power of your savings over time. Consider an inflation rate of 5-6% while calculating your retirement corpus.
Here's a suggestive approach:

Emergency Fund: Aim for 3-6 months of living expenses as an emergency fund. With your current expenses, this could be ?1.42 lakh to ?2.84 lakh.
Retirement Savings: Focus on maximizing retirement savings after building your emergency fund. You have a 15-year horizon (45 - 25 = 20 years, minus 5 years for planning major expenses). Investment advisors generally recommend saving 15-20% of your income for retirement. With your potential savings of around ?44,167, consider allocating a significant portion (around ?6,600 to ?8,800 monthly) towards retirement funds. You can adjust this based on your risk tolerance and future financial goals.
Investment Strategy: Since you have a long investment horizon, you can consider an equity-heavy approach for your retirement savings (70-80% equity). However, as you approach retirement, gradually shift towards a more balanced allocation with debt instruments to reduce volatility.
Retirement Corpus Estimation (using a simplified formula):

Corpus = (Retirement Age - Current Age) * Annual Expenses * Inflation Adjusted Factor

Assumptions:

Retirement Age: 45
Current Age: 25
Annual Expenses (adjusted for inflation at 5% for 20 years): Let's assume your expenses grow at the same rate as inflation, leading to an annual expense of ?3.78 lakh at retirement (?25,000 * 1.05 ^ 20)
Inflation Adjusted Factor (assuming a withdrawal rate of 4% and investment return slightly exceeding inflation): 25
Estimated Corpus: ?3.78 lakh/year * 25 ≈ ?9.45 crore

Note: This is a simplified estimation and doesn't account for future income growth, investment returns,

Recommendations:

Create a Budget: Track your income and expenses to identify areas for saving.
Automate Savings: Set up SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) for mutual funds to automate your retirement savings.
Seek Professional Advice: Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized financial planning based on your specific goals and risk tolerance. A CFP can help you create a comprehensive retirement plan considering your future expenses, investment strategy, and overall financial situation.
CFPs are financial advisors who have rigorous training and experience in financial planning. They are held to a high ethical standard and are required to act in their clients' best interests. Consulting a CFP can ensure you receive sound financial advice tailored to your unique needs and aspirations.

By being proactive with your savings and investments, you can work towards achieving your retirement goals at 45. Remember, this is a journey, and you might need to adjust your plan as your life progresses.

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3754 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 03, 2024

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Hi I am 37 years old and my Husband is 40 years old. Our annual salary in hand at our home is up to 20,64,000. My Yearly Saving is Rs 6 lakhs (mutual fund, LIC policy, Endowment plan, century plan, Post office schemes). My Expense like medical insurance, term insurance, car insurance is RS 50,000. My living expense per year is Rs 6,00,000. My loan is for Rs17,24,112 (including interests) for which I am paying every year up to Rs 4,31,000 till Feb'28. Also next year we have to purchase car because our car is getting expire. So up- to 14-15 lakh car we will purchase on loan. My child is currently in 6th grade and we both are working. So for happy life after retirement and save future, how much I need to save and in which plans. Please suggest. Till now beyond my savings written above I don't have bank balance which I can use as a emergency funds.
Ans: Navigating the complex landscape of finances, especially with looming expenses and future uncertainties, can feel like trying to solve a puzzle without all the pieces. It's a challenge many of us face, and it's understandable to seek guidance on charting a path towards financial security and peace of mind.

1. Current Financial Snapshot:
You and your husband are in your late 30s and early 40s, respectively, with a combined annual income of Rs 20,64,000. Here's a breakdown of your financial standing:

Income and Savings:
Annual savings of Rs 6 lakhs allocated towards various financial instruments such as mutual funds, insurance policies, and savings schemes.

Annual expenses totaling Rs 50,000 for essential insurances (medical, term, car) and Rs 6,00,000 for day-to-day living expenses.
Loan Obligations:

Existing loan of Rs 17,24,112, including interests, being paid annually up to Rs 4,31,000 until Feb'28.
Planning to purchase a new car next year, expected cost up to Rs 14-15 lakhs, which will likely require additional financing.

2. Planning for Retirement and Future Security:
With retirement on the horizon and the desire to secure your future, it's essential to map out a robust savings strategy:

Retirement Goals:
Discuss and define your retirement aspirations with your husband, envisioning your desired lifestyle and financial needs during retirement.

Savings Strategy:
Determine an ideal savings rate that balances current expenses with long-term goals, including retirement, your child's education, and potential healthcare costs.

Investment Mix:
Explore a diversified portfolio comprising mutual funds, insurance policies, and government-backed savings schemes, tailored to your risk tolerance and time horizon.

3. Addressing the Car Purchase:
The decision to replace your expiring car involves careful consideration, especially given your existing financial commitments:

Financial Implications:
Evaluate all options for financing the new car, considering potential down payments and minimizing loan burden to maintain financial flexibility.

Alternative Solutions:
Explore alternative transportation options or delaying the purchase until you've built more financial reserves to lessen the impact on your budget.

4. Building an Emergency Fund:
Establishing an emergency fund is crucial for weathering unexpected financial challenges:

Setting Savings Goals:
Determine specific savings goals for your emergency fund, considering factors like living expenses, loan obligations, and potential emergencies.

Automating Contributions:
Consider automating contributions to your emergency fund to make saving more manageable and ensure consistent progress towards your goal.

Conclusion:
While navigating the complexities of financial planning can be daunting, remember that you're not alone on this journey. By carefully managing your income, expenses, and savings, and seeking guidance from a Certified Financial Planner, you're taking proactive steps towards securing your future and achieving your long-term goals. Keep focusing on your priorities, stay adaptable to change, and trust in the process as you work towards financial freedom and peace of mind.

..Read more

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Ramalingam

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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 17, 2024Hindi
Money
I want to invest in 10 L lumpsum for 3-5 years. What is the best strategy for getting good returns (at least 12-15 %)? I want to use this money further for my own business.
Ans: Understanding the Investment Landscape
Investing a lump sum of Rs 10 lakh with the goal of achieving good returns requires a thorough understanding of the investment landscape. Given your objective to use this money for your own business in 3-5 years, it's important to choose a strategy that balances potential returns with acceptable levels of risk.

The Importance of Time Horizon
Your investment time horizon significantly impacts the type of investment strategy you should adopt. While you are considering a 3-5 year period, achieving a 12-15% return may require a slightly longer horizon.

Investing for at least 7 years could better align with your return expectations and allow your investment to ride out market volatility.

Embracing Market Volatility
Investing in the market inherently involves dealing with volatility. Market fluctuations are natural and can impact short-term investment performance.

However, historically, equity markets have shown growth over longer periods, offering potential for substantial returns. Embracing this volatility is crucial to achieving your financial goals.

Benefits of Mutual Funds
Mutual funds offer a diversified investment option that can help mitigate risks while providing exposure to growth opportunities. Actively managed funds, in particular, are managed by professional fund managers who aim to outperform the market by making strategic investment decisions.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Professional Management: Skilled fund managers actively monitor and adjust the portfolio, aiming for higher returns.

Diversification: Mutual funds invest in a variety of assets, reducing the risk associated with individual investments.

Liquidity: Mutual funds offer liquidity, allowing you to redeem your investment when needed.

Transparency: Regular updates and reports keep investors informed about their investments.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Market Mimicry: Index funds aim to replicate the performance of a specific index, limiting their potential to outperform.

No Active Management: Lack of professional management can lead to missed opportunities in dynamic market conditions.

Limited Flexibility: Index funds follow a predetermined strategy, offering little flexibility in response to market changes.

Benefits of Investing Through Certified Financial Planners
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) ensures that your investments are aligned with your financial goals.

CFPs offer personalised advice and can help navigate the complexities of the financial markets.

Advantages of Regular Funds
Expert Guidance: MFDs with CFP credentials provide valuable insights and strategic advice.

Tailored Solutions: Regular funds offer customised investment strategies based on individual goals and risk tolerance.

Support and Service: Professional support for investment decisions and portfolio management.

Holistic Planning: CFPs consider your overall financial situation, ensuring comprehensive financial planning.

Understanding Investment Risks
Every investment carries a certain level of risk. It's crucial to understand and accept these risks when aiming for higher returns.

Types of Risks
Market Risk: The risk of investments declining due to market fluctuations.

Interest Rate Risk: The risk of interest rate changes affecting investment values.

Inflation Risk: The risk of inflation eroding purchasing power over time.

Importance of Staying the Course
Investing with a long-term perspective requires patience and discipline. Market volatility can be unsettling, but staying the course is essential for achieving your investment goals.

Strategies for Staying the Course
Avoid Emotional Decisions: Base your investment decisions on facts and long-term goals, not short-term market movements.

Regular Reviews: Periodically review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals and risk tolerance.

Rebalancing: Adjust your portfolio to maintain your desired asset allocation.

Reinvestment Strategies
If you hold LIC, ULIP, or investment-cum-insurance policies, consider evaluating their performance.

Surrendering underperforming policies and reinvesting in mutual funds can potentially yield better returns.

Benefits of Reinvestment
Higher Returns: Mutual funds typically offer higher returns compared to traditional insurance policies.

Flexibility: Reinvestment in mutual funds provides more flexibility and control over your investments.

Cost Efficiency: Mutual funds often have lower costs and fees compared to insurance policies.

Strategic Asset Allocation
Asset allocation is crucial for managing risk and achieving your desired returns. A well-balanced portfolio should include a mix of equity, debt, and other instruments.

Suggested Allocation
Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion to equity funds for growth potential.

Debt Funds: Include debt funds for stability and regular income.

Hybrid Funds: Consider hybrid funds for a balanced approach to risk and return.

Regular Monitoring and Adjustments
Continuous monitoring and adjustments to your portfolio are necessary to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals.

Benefits of Regular Monitoring
Performance Tracking: Monitor the performance of your investments regularly.

Timely Adjustments: Make necessary adjustments to optimise returns and manage risks.

Goal Alignment: Ensure your investments remain aligned with your evolving financial goals.

Final Insights
Investing a lump sum of Rs 10 lakh requires careful planning and a strategic approach.

Understanding the investment landscape, embracing market volatility, and opting for actively managed mutual funds are key steps towards achieving your financial goals.

Staying the course, regularly reviewing your portfolio, and seeking professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner can enhance your investment experience and outcomes. By focusing on a balanced and diversified investment strategy, you can work towards achieving your desired returns while preparing for your business ventures.

Invest wisely, stay informed, and be patient to see your investments grow.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |389 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jun 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 17, 2024Hindi
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Career
Please include one more choice in the selection criteria 1. Vit Vellore CSE in 4th category 2. Pes ec campus CS 3. MIT BANGALORE CSE We are staying in Bangalore, which choice is better and please help with reasoning?
Ans: You have not mentioned in which-all Entrance Exams you appeared (COMEDK \ KCET etc.)? However, order of Preference (1) PES (Electronic City) (2) MIT-Bengaluru (here, however, please note, for some students this is not suitable due to its culture (non-academic / psychological factors). (3) VIT-Vellore (check the fee structure of all 4-years for affordability). If you have appeared in COMEDK & KCET also, find out 1-2 options even the colleges belong to Tier 2 category. Whatever Institute / University / Branch / Domain you choose, keep upgrading your skills from 1st year itself till your Campus Placement during your last year, from LinkedIn, NPTEL, Coursera, Internshala etc. and / or any other online platforms, recommended by your College Faculties, to be COMPETENT among other Students, for jobs.

All The BEST for your Bright Future.
To know more on ‘ Careers | Education | Jobs | Resume Writing | Profile Building | Salary Negotiation Skills | Building Professional LinkedIn Profile | Choosing Right School Board (State | Matriculation | CBSE | ICSE |International Board) | Student Psychological Counselling | Exam Preparation Techniques (Board | Entrance & Competitive)| Strategies to Attempt Exams | Job Interview Skills | Skill Upgrading | Parenting & Child Upbringing Skills | Career Transition | Abroad Education | Education Loan (India | Abroad) | Scholarship (India | Abroad) | SOP Writing Tips’, please FOLLOW me in RediffGURU here.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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