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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4821 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 18, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 18, 2024Hindi
Money

I am 41 years old with a wife and a daughter. I am investing 1.75 Lacs per month in MF SIP and current value stands at 1 Carore 75 lacs. I have two properties with value of 40 lacs and 80 lacs each. My current salary is 10 lacs a month and my expenses including rent, schooling etc are atound 4 lacs a month. I am based outside India. Nature of my job in the oil and sector is valatile and i have never talen a loan for the same reason. I have at least couple of years work left in the current contract and I will either move to a new country or come back to Mumbai and will try to find a job afterwards, most likely with very less salary compare to my current salary. I would like your advise on my further strategy regarding eventual retirementetc. , my daughter is 7 and my parents back in India are dependent on me. Best Regards

Ans: Strategic Financial Planning for a Secure Future
You have demonstrated a strong financial foundation. Your disciplined approach to investments, combined with prudent financial management, reflects commendable foresight. Let's explore a comprehensive strategy that aligns with your goals and current circumstances.

Current Financial Landscape
You have a solid base with an impressive SIP portfolio worth Rs 1.75 crore. Regular investments of Rs 1.75 lakh per month further strengthen your financial position. Additionally, your properties valued at Rs 40 lakh and Rs 80 lakh add significant assets to your net worth.

Earning Rs 10 lakh monthly provides a robust cash flow. With expenses around Rs 4 lakh, you maintain a substantial savings rate. Your approach to avoiding loans in a volatile job market is wise and reflects sound financial judgment.

Family and Responsibilities
Your family's well-being is paramount. With a 7-year-old daughter and parents depending on you, your financial planning must prioritize their security and future needs. Balancing your family's current needs with long-term goals requires thoughtful consideration and careful planning.

Retirement Planning
Assessing Retirement Goals

Retirement planning begins with envisioning your post-retirement life. Consider your desired lifestyle, potential relocation to Mumbai, and a likely reduction in income. Estimating future expenses, including healthcare and lifestyle changes, is crucial.

Building a Retirement Corpus

Given the volatility of your industry and potential income reduction, diversifying your investments is key. Your current SIP in mutual funds is a strong foundation. Increasing this allocation gradually will enhance your retirement corpus.

Exploring Actively Managed Funds

While index funds are popular, actively managed funds may better suit your needs. These funds, managed by experts, aim to outperform the market. They adapt to changing economic conditions, potentially offering higher returns than index funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to identify funds that align with your risk profile and financial goals.

Regular Investment through MFDs

Investing in regular funds through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with a CFP credential offers several advantages. MFDs provide valuable insights and personalized advice, aligning investments with your long-term goals. They offer ongoing support and help navigate market fluctuations, ensuring your investment strategy remains robust.

Education Planning for Your Daughter
Estimating Education Costs

With your daughter being 7 years old, planning for her education is essential. Education costs are rising, and preparing for her future expenses, including higher education, is crucial.

Investment Options for Education

Consider dedicated child education funds. These funds are structured to align with educational milestones, offering potential growth tailored to meet future needs. They provide a disciplined approach to saving for your child's education, ensuring funds are available when required.

Systematic Investment Planning

Continue your SIP approach for her education. Set up a separate SIP with a long-term horizon, specifically aimed at her education expenses. This will ensure a steady accumulation of funds, leveraging the power of compounding over time.

Contingency Planning
Building an Emergency Fund

An emergency fund is vital, especially considering the volatility of your job sector. Aim to set aside 6-12 months' worth of living expenses. This buffer provides financial security during unexpected events or job transitions.

Health and Life Insurance

Evaluate your health and life insurance coverage. Adequate insurance ensures financial stability for your family in case of unforeseen circumstances. Given your overseas residence, consider international health coverage options for comprehensive protection.

Managing Dependents' Needs
Financial Support for Parents

Supporting your parents is a noble responsibility. Ensure a steady flow of funds for their needs without compromising your financial goals. Evaluate their medical needs and secure appropriate health insurance for them if not already done.

Estate Planning

Plan for the future by creating a will and ensuring proper estate planning. This guarantees a smooth transfer of assets and reduces legal complexities for your family. Engage a legal expert to draft a will that aligns with your wishes and protects your family's interests.

Navigating Career Transitions
Financial Preparation for Job Changes

Prepare financially for potential career transitions. Save and invest with an eye on the future, ensuring a financial cushion during periods of lower income. Diversifying your income streams and exploring freelance or part-time opportunities can provide additional stability.

Skill Development and Networking

Invest in upskilling and professional development to enhance your employability. Building a strong professional network can open doors to new opportunities. Staying updated with industry trends ensures you remain competitive in the job market.

Strategic Investment Approach
Diversification

Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across various asset classes. Your current portfolio is heavily weighted in mutual funds and real estate. Consider adding other asset classes, such as bonds or international funds, to balance risk and returns.

Periodic Review and Rebalancing

Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your changing financial goals and market conditions. A CFP can assist in evaluating your portfolio's performance and making necessary adjustments.

Avoiding Direct and Index Funds

Direct funds might appear cost-effective due to lower fees, but they require active management and market knowledge. Actively managed regular funds, despite higher fees, offer professional expertise and strategic oversight. They adapt to market changes and aim to deliver better returns, justifying the additional cost.

Planning for Relocation
Financial Considerations for Moving

Relocating to a new country or returning to Mumbai involves significant financial planning. Assess the cost of living, housing, and potential income changes. Create a relocation budget to cover moving expenses and initial setup costs.

Evaluating Local Investment Opportunities

Understand the financial landscape of your new location. Explore local investment opportunities and adapt your investment strategy to align with the local economy and market conditions. Consult a CFP familiar with international financial planning to navigate these changes effectively.

Tax Planning and Compliance
International Tax Considerations

As an expatriate, understand the tax implications of your investments and income in both your current country and India. Stay compliant with tax regulations in both jurisdictions to avoid legal complications.

Optimizing Tax Efficiency

Explore tax-saving investment options available to NRIs. Strategic investment planning can minimize tax liabilities and maximize returns. A CFP can provide guidance on optimizing your tax strategy based on your unique situation.

Long-Term Wealth Accumulation
Leveraging Compound Growth

Continue leveraging the power of compounding through your SIPs. Long-term, disciplined investing in mutual funds builds substantial wealth over time. Focus on maintaining regular investments and increasing contributions as your financial situation allows.

Exploring High-Growth Opportunities

Consider allocating a portion of your portfolio to high-growth opportunities. Equity mutual funds and sector-specific funds can offer higher returns, aligning with your long-term growth objectives. Balance these with more stable investments to manage risk effectively.

Final Insights
Your financial journey is commendable. You have laid a strong foundation through disciplined investing and prudent financial management. As you navigate the complexities of career transitions, family responsibilities, and future planning, maintaining a strategic and diversified approach is crucial.

Continue your SIPs, diversify your portfolio, and prioritize long-term goals. Regularly review your financial plan with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to ensure it aligns with your evolving needs. Your dedication to financial security and growth will ensure a prosperous future for you and your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4821 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 22, 2024Hindi
Listen
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Hi Sir, Im 36 have 4.5 year old daughter and wife (home maker) i'm earning 1.40 lac monthly have a expanses of 70k including rent, daughter fee (UKG) and car loan. My investment: LIC - 70000 yearly 2037 maturity Lic 90000 yearly (2057 maturity) Max life insurance 3.6lac yearly Daughter SSY- 1.5 lac yearly (since 4 year) SIP - 30000 (monthly) axis bluechip 5k, axis mid cap 5k, axis small cap 5k, icici large 5k, icici prudential mid cap 5k, icici small cap 3k, tata small cap 2k. I want to retire in next 15 years. Please help me if my investment is correct or i need to revisit my investment especially SIP. Or any other suggestions you can provide
Ans: You're demonstrating excellent foresight by planning for your future and your family's financial security. Here's an assessment of your current investments and some suggestions:
1. Retirement Planning:
• Your goal to retire in the next 15 years is ambitious and requires careful financial planning to ensure you achieve your desired lifestyle post-retirement.
• Consider factors such as your desired retirement age, anticipated expenses, inflation, healthcare costs, and potential sources of retirement income.
2. Investment Analysis:
• Your current investment portfolio consists of a mix of life insurance policies, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your daughter, and SIPs in various mutual funds.
• Life insurance policies provide financial protection but may have limited investment growth potential compared to other investment options.
3. SIP Review:
• Review your SIP portfolio to ensure alignment with your long-term financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.
• Consider diversifying across different asset classes and fund categories to spread risk and optimize returns.
• Evaluate the performance of individual funds regularly and make adjustments as needed.
4. Asset Allocation:
• Assess your overall asset allocation to ensure a balanced mix of equity, debt, and other investment instruments based on your risk profile and investment objectives.
• Consider increasing exposure to equity for long-term wealth accumulation, but maintain a diversified portfolio to mitigate risk.
5. Emergency Fund:
• Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses and mitigate financial risks. Aim to maintain 6-12 months' worth of living expenses in a liquid savings account or short-term investments.
6. Professional Advice:
• Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to conduct a comprehensive financial review and retirement planning assessment.
• They can provide personalized recommendations tailored to your specific circumstances, goals, and risk tolerance.
7. Regular Monitoring and Adjustment:
• Periodically review your investment portfolio and retirement plan to track progress towards your goals.
• Make adjustments as needed based on changes in income, expenses, market conditions, and personal circumstances.
In summary, while your current investments show prudent planning, it's essential to periodically reassess your financial strategy to ensure it remains aligned with your evolving goals and circumstances. By staying proactive and seeking professional guidance, you can optimize your investments and work towards achieving a comfortable retirement for yourself and your family.

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4821 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 23, 2024

Money
I Am 35 yrs old, working in a product based semi conductor company. 1 daughter 7 yrs old. Current salary is 2.5L after deduction take home is around 1.9L. I Home and housing plot worth 1cr( EMIs completed). Having only one liability car loan(28k per month for next 5yrs). I have MF 7.5L, Indian shares 6L, US Shares 10L, SSY 5L, NPS 2L, PF 12L. 3.5cr personal term policy, 1cr term policy from company.Ancient properties ~1Cr. Investing 60k per month for all above instruments.My future requirements are 6Cr for retirement carpus, 2cr for my kid higher studies and marriage. In next 15 yrs I want make this corpus and retire at the age of 50. Please suggest.
Ans: It's great to see you taking charge of your financial future. At 35, working in a semiconductor company with a healthy salary of Rs 2.5L, you're in a strong position. Your take-home salary is Rs 1.9L, which gives you good leverage for savings and investments.

You have a home and a housing plot worth Rs 1 crore, with no EMIs pending. That’s an excellent milestone. Your only liability is a car loan of Rs 28k per month for the next five years.

Your existing investments are quite diverse:

Mutual Funds (MF): Rs 7.5L
Indian Shares: Rs 6L
US Shares: Rs 10L
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): Rs 5L
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 2L
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 12L
Additionally, you have significant term insurance coverage: Rs 3.5 crore personal term policy and Rs 1 crore term policy from your company. Your ancient properties are worth around Rs 1 crore. You are currently investing Rs 60k per month across various instruments.

You aim to accumulate a corpus of Rs 6 crore for retirement, and Rs 2 crore for your daughter's higher education and marriage, within the next 15 years.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals

Your financial goals are ambitious but achievable with a structured approach. Let's break down your goals:

Retirement Corpus of Rs 6 crore in 15 years: This requires disciplined saving and strategic investing.

Rs 2 crore for Daughter's Higher Education and Marriage: Planning for these expenses in 15 years means you need to ensure growth in your investments while managing risks.

Current Investment Portfolio Analysis

Your current portfolio is well-diversified across various asset classes. Here’s a quick analysis:

Mutual Funds (Rs 7.5L): Offers potential for high returns. Consider a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for balanced growth.

Indian Shares (Rs 6L) and US Shares (Rs 10L): Good diversification. Continue monitoring and adjusting based on market performance.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (Rs 5L): Great for your daughter’s future. It provides tax benefits and decent returns.

National Pension System (Rs 2L): Long-term retirement savings with tax benefits.

Provident Fund (Rs 12L): A safe and tax-efficient investment.

Term Insurance: Adequate coverage. Your Rs 3.5 crore personal term policy and Rs 1 crore from your company ensure financial security for your family.

Strategic Recommendations

1. Consolidate and Optimize Investments

It’s essential to streamline your investments to maximize returns and minimize risks.

Mutual Funds: Evaluate the performance of your current funds. Consider moving to actively managed funds for potentially higher returns. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio with the help of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP).

Indian and US Shares: Diversify across sectors and industries. Avoid putting all your eggs in one basket. Monitor global and domestic economic trends.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): Continue contributing to SSY for its tax benefits and secure returns.

National Pension System (NPS): Increase your contributions if possible. NPS offers good long-term benefits and tax savings.

Provident Fund (PF): Continue your contributions. PF is a low-risk, tax-efficient investment.

2. Increase Monthly Investment Allocation

Currently, you are investing Rs 60k per month. To meet your ambitious goals, consider increasing this amount progressively.

Prioritize High-Growth Investments: Allocate more towards mutual funds and equity shares. This can potentially offer higher returns over the long term.

Utilize Windfalls and Bonuses: Any additional income or bonuses should be invested to boost your corpus.

3. Education and Marriage Fund for Daughter

To ensure Rs 2 crore for your daughter’s education and marriage, focus on long-term growth instruments:

Child Education Plans: Invest in plans specifically designed for education goals. These often offer benefits aligned with educational milestones.

Equity Mutual Funds: Consider equity funds for higher returns. A combination of large-cap and mid-cap funds could provide balanced growth.

Regular Reviews: Monitor the performance of these investments regularly and adjust as needed with your CFP.

4. Retirement Planning

To achieve a Rs 6 crore retirement corpus, focus on a mix of high-growth and stable investments:

Diversified Mutual Funds: Increase your allocation to a diverse set of mutual funds. Actively managed funds often outperform index funds in dynamic markets.

Equity Shares: Continue investing in both Indian and US markets. Keep a balanced portfolio to mitigate risks.

NPS and PF: These are your safety nets. Continue and, if possible, increase contributions to these low-risk instruments.

5. Risk Management

Insurance: Your current term insurance is adequate. Ensure that the policies are reviewed regularly to keep up with inflation and lifestyle changes.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures financial stability during unforeseen circumstances.

6. Debt Management

Your car loan is the only liability, with a Rs 28k EMI for the next five years.

Early Repayment: If possible, consider early repayment to free up more funds for investments.
Future Financial Strategy

1. Comprehensive Financial Plan

Work with a CFP to create a detailed financial plan. This should include:

Cash Flow Analysis: Understanding your income and expenses to identify saving potential.

Investment Strategy: Tailored to your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Tax Planning: Efficient tax planning to maximize your savings and returns.

2. Regular Financial Reviews

Schedule regular reviews with your CFP. This helps in:

Portfolio Rebalancing: Adjusting your portfolio based on market conditions and life changes.

Goal Tracking: Ensuring you are on track to meet your financial goals.

3. Continuous Learning and Adaptation

Stay informed about financial markets and investment opportunities. Adapt your strategies as required.

Final Insights

Your financial journey is well on track. You have a solid foundation with diverse investments, adequate insurance, and clear financial goals. With a focused strategy, disciplined saving, and strategic investments, achieving your retirement and educational corpus goals is within reach. Regular reviews and professional guidance will ensure that you stay on course.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4821 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

Money
I am 43yrs old with one son at 8. Wife is working with 13LPA ( may work only for next 5 yrs). We are in Hyderabad. Myself employed with 25LPA. We both have term Insurance of 2 & 1Cr resp. I have one flat of 0.7Cr and recently procured 1.5Cr flat and small piece of lant in village. Paying Ulip-SIP last 5yrs for 25Kpm & still to pay for 10yrs. My total passive income is 30Kpm. House Exp 70K & EMI 60Kpm. Family tour 0.5L/Yr . Presently i have 5L on MF/Equity & FD is 25L. I want to invest 50L each in MF & Shares , boost FD from 25 to 100L in next 12-15 yrs & 1Kg GOLD ( No fixed time period), Emergency liquid cash of 15-20L at the time of retirement. I m planning financial retirement at 55. Pls suggest your opinion to adopt best possible way. Awaiting your reply asap as my previous post weren't replied. Thank you
Ans: At 43 years old, you're in a strong financial position. Your annual income is Rs. 25 lakhs, and your wife earns Rs. 13 lakhs per year. Both of you have term insurance policies with substantial coverage (Rs. 2 crore for you and Rs. 1 crore for your wife). Your real estate assets include a flat worth Rs. 0.7 crore, another worth Rs. 1.5 crore, and a piece of land in your village. Additionally, you have passive income of Rs. 30,000 per month, a ULIP-SIP commitment of Rs. 25,000 per month, and mutual funds/equities worth Rs. 5 lakhs and fixed deposits (FDs) totaling Rs. 25 lakhs.

Evaluating Current Investments
Real Estate Investments
Your real estate investments offer significant asset value but can be illiquid. The value may appreciate over time, but they also come with maintenance costs, taxes, and potential market volatility. These assets should be part of a diversified portfolio but not the main focus.

ULIP-SIP Investment
Your current ULIP-SIP investment of Rs. 25,000 per month has a remaining tenure of 10 years. ULIPs can have high charges and may not provide the best returns compared to other investment options like mutual funds. Consider surrendering the ULIP and redirecting the funds to more profitable investments.

Mutual Funds and Equities
Your current investment in mutual funds and equities stands at Rs. 5 lakhs. This is a good start, but expanding this portfolio can provide higher returns. Actively managed funds, as opposed to index funds, allow for professional management and the potential for higher returns.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs offer safety but lower returns compared to equities and mutual funds. Boosting your FD from Rs. 25 lakhs to Rs. 1 crore over 12-15 years is a conservative approach. However, balancing with higher-return investments is crucial.

Suggested Investment Strategy
Mutual Funds
Investing Rs. 50 lakhs in mutual funds can provide diversification and potentially higher returns. Choose actively managed funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). These funds are managed by professionals who can navigate market changes better than index funds.

Equities
Direct equity investment of Rs. 50 lakhs can offer high returns. Diversify across various sectors and companies to spread risk. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio to maintain an optimal mix.

Fixed Deposits
While boosting your FD to Rs. 1 crore is safe, consider spreading this investment over different tenures to benefit from varying interest rates. FDs provide liquidity and security, balancing your high-risk equity investments.

Gold
Acquiring 1 kg of gold is a sound decision for hedging against inflation and market volatility. Gold can also act as a safety net during financial instability. Buy in stages to take advantage of price fluctuations.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund of Rs. 15-20 lakhs by the time of retirement is prudent. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in liquid investments like savings accounts or short-term FDs.

Detailed Financial Planning
Income and Expenses
Your household expenses are Rs. 70,000 per month, and EMI payments are Rs. 60,000 per month. This totals Rs. 1.3 lakhs per month, leaving a substantial portion of your combined income available for investments and savings.

Passive Income
Your passive income of Rs. 30,000 per month helps reduce reliance on your active income. Continue exploring avenues to increase this income through rentals, dividends, or other sources.

Family Tour Expenses
Allocating Rs. 50,000 per year for family tours is reasonable. This ensures you enjoy quality family time without straining your finances.

Investment Allocation and Growth
Short-Term Goals (1-5 Years)

Surrender the ULIP and invest in actively managed mutual funds.
Increase equity investments with a focus on high-growth sectors.
Gradually buy gold as prices fluctuate.
Medium-Term Goals (5-10 Years)

Boost your FD savings progressively to Rs. 1 crore.
Diversify mutual fund investments to include mid-cap and small-cap funds for higher returns.
Maintain liquidity in emergency funds through savings accounts and short-term FDs.
Long-Term Goals (10-15 Years)

Ensure your equity portfolio is balanced and reviewed regularly.
Secure a steady passive income through diversified sources.
Maintain your emergency fund for immediate access during unforeseen events.
Retirement Planning
Financial Retirement at 55
Planning for retirement at 55 requires a focus on long-term stability and growth. Your goal should be to have a diversified portfolio that provides consistent returns and liquidity.

Income After Retirement
Passive income, FDs, and liquid assets will be crucial. Ensure you have a mix of fixed income and growth-oriented investments to sustain your lifestyle.

Healthcare and Insurance
Continue with your term insurance and health insurance policies. Consider increasing your health cover as medical expenses can be significant during retirement.

Tax Planning
Tax Efficiency
Invest in tax-efficient instruments. Equity investments held for more than a year qualify for lower capital gains tax. ELSS mutual funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Regularly review your portfolio with a Certified Financial Planner. Adjust your investments based on market conditions and personal financial goals.

Final Insights
Your financial situation is strong, and your planned investments are sound. Focus on diversifying your portfolio, managing risks, and ensuring liquidity. Regularly consult with a Certified Financial Planner to stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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