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Dr Karthiyayini Mahadevan  |886 Answers  |Ask -

General Physician - Answered on May 18, 2023

Dr Karthiyayini Mahadevan has been practising for 30 years.
She specialises in general medicine, child development and senior citizen care.
A graduate from Madurai Medical College, she has DNB training in paediatrics and a postgraduate degree in developmental neurology.
She has trained in Tai chi, eurythmy, Bothmer gymnastics, spacial dynamics and yoga.
She works with children with development difficulties at Sparrc Institute and is the head of wellness for senior citizens at Columbia Pacific Communities.... more
Uma Question by Uma on May 13, 2023Hindi

Is screaming in sleep an illness. My sister who is 52 years old has had this problem for about 15 years now, although it only occurs occasionally.

Ans: Sleep bring in dreams
Sometimes these dreams turn night mares when an event is happening and left unfinished. If this happens to your desire it is not a night mare if this is against your desires then it becomes a night mare. Those of us who have tenancies to hide our emotions and desires tend to manifest them as outbursts. One such thing is screaming.
Also childhood trauma if there are any need to be addressed. Please ask her to go for Psychotherapy and Counselling
DISCLAIMER: The answer provided by rediffGURUS is for informational and general awareness purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical diagnosis or treatment.

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Dr Aarti

Dr Aarti Bakshi  |40 Answers  |Ask -

Child and Parenting Counsellor - Answered on Feb 04, 2023

Hi Dr Aarti. For past past three months we've noticed our 2 year old son has developed a habit of screaming (glass shattering magnitude) in the middle of the night. The bouts last from a few mins to 45 mins and it gets incredibly difficult to pacify him. We have noticed most of the time it is correlated to TV Time alloted to him in the evening so we've stopped that practice altogether but sometimes the screaming can occur despite that. We also thought it was a response to bad dreams triggered by a general feeling of abandonment cause we both work and one parent has to go to work twice a week. He usually does use it as a technique now and then during the day to blackmail us to give into his demands but we've stopped giving in. He is incredibly social, talkative and quick to pick up knowledge however doesn't get the opportunity to interact much with other children (cause our work timings collide with his play time) so we are thinking of enrolling him in a pre nursery school so that he gets that time and space to express himself with other children. We are hoping this would also have a positive impact on his sleep pattern. Do you think the screaming is a normal phase and he'll grow out of it or do you think it's part of a deeper problem and needs to be addressed with a child psychologist in person? Would appreciate any inputs
Ans: Hi Gautam,
Seperation anxiety strikes at night too. Scare of darkness plays havoc with the thinking. When your toddler wakes to find they're all alone, they may react by crying or screaming uncontrollably. I can empathise with your disruptive sleep, this is a phase your child will grow out of with time.
A few suggestions:
1. Monitor (cctv/baby monitors/hidden) too the time that you are not with the child and find out details when child is spending time during the day without parents. Who's incharge of hima and his activities? A clear picture of scares, build up of seperation anxiety could help you with the trigger.
2. Boundaries matter: It is commendable that you have found about the temper tantrum bargains and have held yourself from giving in. Do continue that and behavior boundaries will fit in.
3. Peer support: Enrolling for play school is lovely. He will build friendships and be physically tired to sleep through the night.
Hug him tons, cuddle him, read bedtie stories, create memories of running after him, dancing on music whatever the hours you are together. Do let me know the progress!

..Read more

Latest Questions

Ravi Mittal  |250 Answers  |Ask -

Dating, Relationships Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

m in love with my boyfriend since 18 years. I waited till he gets his first job to tell my parents abut him. When the time came we both informed in our family that we want to get married. His father said yes initially and asked my family to meet at a common place. Later once I family agreed and came and called to inform his family, his mother denied saying his father is against this marriage. My parents called my boyfriend and asked whether he wants to marry me without his father approval and he said obviously!!! Why wouldn’t I? Then me and my boyfriend set a date and informed both our family that we are getting married on this date on july. My family has been always supportive and they support me here as well. But his family reacted differently saying we can’t allow you to marry on this date as this month is his birth month (some silly excuses) and they informed we can assure you we will get you married to your girlfriend in November or December. That time my boyfriend also agreed with his mother knowing that all wedding venues were booked and I have paid some kind of advance amount as well. And NOW!! My family went wild over him saying howcome he called of this marriage?? My boyfriend is asking me please give me a second chance that I will convince my parents to marry you in November or December. If they disagree i will move out and marry you only. How can I trust him this time? SHOULD I?
Ans: Dear Suwon,

I understand you are in a difficult situation and trusting someone once they have broken it is difficult. I also understand your parent's concern. I am sure you do too. Now, the real question is, do you want to give him another chance? I know he broke your trust by moving the dates suddenly, but maybe let's try to find out why he did it.

You have been with him for a long time. You should have some clue about the type of person he is; it is totally up to you to decide whether you want to give him another chance or move on with your life. Neither would be a wrong choice. But it should be your choice. Look at the pros and cons. All things he got right to date and the wrongs he did too. Weigh them against each other and by the end of it, you should have some clarity.

Best Wishes.

...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 05, 2024Hindi
Hi I am a 18 year old living in Bangalore and I wanted to know how to manage my finances as I will be going to University from the 20th of this month. I want to know how to manage my savings and invest those savings for returns. I plan to ask my parents for 12,000 to 14,000 a month at the maximum which include my travel expenses for around 8,000 monthly.
Ans: Welcome to the exciting phase of starting university! Managing your finances at this stage is crucial. Your plan to ask your parents for Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 14,000 per month is a good start. Let’s break down how to use this money effectively.

Monthly Budgeting: The Foundation

First, let’s allocate your monthly funds wisely. Your travel expenses are Rs. 8,000. This leaves you with Rs. 4,000 to Rs. 6,000 for other expenses like food, supplies, and savings.

Allocating for Essentials

Ensure you set aside enough for food and essential items. This might be around Rs. 3,000 to Rs. 4,000. This leaves you with Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 2,000 for savings and investments.

Building a Savings Habit

Start by putting aside a fixed amount each month into a savings account. Even small amounts can grow over time. This builds a habit of saving and provides a safety net for unexpected expenses.

Investment Basics for Young Adults

With the money you save, consider investing. Investments can help your savings grow over time. Here’s a look at some options suitable for a student like you.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)

SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly into mutual funds. They are flexible and start with as low as Rs. 500. They help you benefit from the power of compounding and rupee cost averaging. Actively managed funds, chosen with the help of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), can offer better returns than index funds.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds have professional managers making investment decisions. This can result in better performance compared to index funds, which simply track market indices. Fund managers actively seek opportunities to outperform the market.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds only replicate the market index. They don’t try to beat the market, limiting growth potential. Also, during market downturns, index funds can suffer as much as the market itself. Actively managed funds, on the other hand, aim to minimise losses during such times.

The Role of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)

A CFP can guide you in choosing the right actively managed funds. Investing through a regular fund via an MFD (Mutual Fund Distributor) with a CFP credential provides valuable insights and ongoing support. Direct funds lack this professional guidance.

Emergency Fund: Your Safety Net

Apart from SIPs, it’s wise to maintain an emergency fund. This should cover at least three months of expenses. It provides a buffer against unforeseen financial needs.

Avoiding High-Risk Investments

While it might be tempting to invest in high-risk options for quick returns, it’s better to stick to safer investments. Risky investments can lead to losses, which is not ideal at the start of your financial journey.

Education on Financial Literacy

Take time to educate yourself about personal finance. Understanding basics like budgeting, saving, and investing will help you make informed decisions. There are many resources available online, including courses and articles.

Part-Time Work: An Additional Income Source

Consider taking up part-time work or internships. This not only provides additional income but also valuable work experience. It can enhance your skills and make you more employable after graduation.

Living Within Your Means

It’s crucial to live within your means. Avoid unnecessary expenses and distinguish between needs and wants. This practice will ensure you stay within your budget and save more.

Using Student Discounts

Take advantage of student discounts and offers. Many places offer discounts on food, travel, and entertainment for students. This can help you save money on essential and leisure activities.

Tracking Your Expenses

Keep track of your expenses. This helps you understand where your money goes and identify areas to cut costs. Many apps can help you with expense tracking and budgeting.

Building Credit Responsibly

If you get a credit card, use it responsibly. Pay off the full balance each month to avoid interest charges. Building a good credit history can be beneficial for future financial needs.

Health Insurance

Ensure you have adequate health insurance. This can protect you from high medical costs in case of illness or injury. Check if your parents' insurance covers you or consider getting student health insurance.

Long-Term Financial Planning

Even as a student, start thinking about long-term financial goals. This could include further education, buying a vehicle, or starting a business. Having a plan helps you stay focused and motivated.

Staying Informed

Stay informed about financial trends and updates. This can help you make better investment decisions. Regularly reading financial news and reports is a good practice.

Avoiding Debt

Avoid unnecessary debt. While student loans might be necessary, try to minimise other debts. High-interest debt can become a burden and hinder your financial growth.

Networking and Mentorship

Build a network of mentors and peers who can offer financial advice and support. Learning from others’ experiences can provide valuable insights and guidance.

Exploring Scholarship Opportunities

Look for scholarships and grants. These can significantly reduce your financial burden. Many organisations offer scholarships based on academic performance, talents, or financial need.

Balancing Academics and Finances

While managing finances is important, don’t let it overshadow your academics. Striking a balance is key to a successful university experience.

Learning from Mistakes

It’s okay to make financial mistakes. Learn from them and adjust your strategy. This is part of the learning process and helps you grow financially savvy.

Seeking Professional Advice

If you’re unsure about any financial decision, seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide personalised guidance tailored to your needs and goals.

Starting Small, Thinking Big

Start with small, manageable investments. Over time, these can grow significantly. Patience and consistency are vital in the world of investments.

Maintaining Financial Discipline

Discipline is key to financial success. Stick to your budget, save regularly, and invest wisely. This approach will set a strong foundation for your financial future.

Final Insights

Managing your finances as a student sets the stage for your future financial well-being. Start with budgeting, saving, and making informed investment decisions. Educate yourself continuously and seek guidance when needed. With discipline and smart choices, you can achieve financial stability and growth.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
I invested in SBI Mutual Fund through NJ Investments, a broking firm in the month of Oct 2023. Transaction report shows invested & current value on NJ Investment portal whereas on SBI Mutual Fund portal the invested & current value is shown as ZERO. The past transaction report on SBI Mutual Fund portal correctly shows the investment made on particular date but the current value is showing as ZERO. What may be the possible reason for this discrepancy?
Ans: Investing in mutual funds can be a rewarding experience, but sometimes discrepancies arise that need careful examination. Let's delve into your situation with SBI Mutual Fund and NJ Investments to understand the possible reasons for the discrepancy you're experiencing.

Understanding the Discrepancy
Overview of the Situation

You invested in SBI Mutual Fund through NJ Investments in October 2023. Your transaction report shows the invested and current value on the NJ Investment portal. However, the SBI Mutual Fund portal shows both the invested and current value as zero. The past transaction report on the SBI portal correctly reflects the investment date but shows the current value as zero. This discrepancy needs detailed analysis to identify the underlying causes.

Possible Reasons for Discrepancy

Several factors could be contributing to the discrepancy between the NJ Investments portal and the SBI Mutual Fund portal. Let’s explore each possibility in detail:

1. Timing Differences

Mutual fund transactions can sometimes experience a lag between the time they are recorded by the broker and when they are reflected by the fund house. This can cause temporary discrepancies.

2. Data Synchronisation Issues

NJ Investments and SBI Mutual Fund may not synchronise their data in real-time. This can lead to a delay in updating the SBI Mutual Fund portal with the latest information from NJ Investments.

3. Transaction Processing Delays

It’s possible that the transaction is still in the process of being confirmed and updated on the SBI Mutual Fund portal. This can happen due to internal processing delays.

4. Technical Glitches

Occasionally, technical issues can cause data display errors. The SBI Mutual Fund portal might be experiencing a temporary glitch that is preventing the accurate display of your current values.

5. Reconciliation Errors

There could be an error in reconciling the data between NJ Investments and SBI Mutual Fund. This can cause discrepancies in the displayed values.

Steps to Resolve the Discrepancy
To resolve this issue, you can follow a series of steps to ensure your investment details are correctly reflected:

1. Contact Customer Support

Reach out to both NJ Investments and SBI Mutual Fund customer support teams. Explain the discrepancy and ask for clarification on why the current value is shown as zero on the SBI Mutual Fund portal.

2. Verify Transaction Details

Ensure all your transaction details, including the amount invested and the date of investment, are accurately recorded on both portals. Cross-check these details with your transaction receipts or confirmation emails.

3. Check for Updates

Sometimes, discrepancies can be resolved automatically after some time. Check the SBI Mutual Fund portal periodically for updates on your investment values.

4. Request a Reconciliation

If the issue persists, request a detailed reconciliation of your account from both NJ Investments and SBI Mutual Fund. This will help identify where the error occurred and how it can be corrected.

5. Follow Up Regularly

Regular follow-ups with customer support can expedite the resolution process. Keep track of your communication and ensure that your issue is being addressed.

Analyzing the Benefits and Drawbacks
Actively Managed Funds vs. Index Funds

While discussing mutual funds, it’s important to consider the types of funds available. You mentioned your investment in an actively managed fund, which can offer several benefits over index funds:

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds

Expert Management
Actively managed funds benefit from professional fund managers who make investment decisions based on research and market analysis. This expertise can potentially lead to better returns.

Fund managers can adjust the portfolio based on market conditions, aiming to capitalize on opportunities and manage risks effectively.

Potential for Higher Returns
Active management aims to outperform the market by selecting securities that have the potential for higher returns.

Drawbacks of Index Funds

Limited Flexibility
Index funds replicate a specific market index and cannot adapt to changing market conditions. This can limit their performance in volatile markets.

No Downside Protection
Index funds cannot take defensive positions during market downturns, which can lead to significant losses during bear markets.

Direct Funds vs. Regular Funds

You also inquired about investing through NJ Investments, which is a regular fund. Let's compare direct funds and regular funds:

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Lack of Advisory Support
Investing in direct funds means you won't have access to professional advice. This can be challenging, especially for new investors.

Managing direct investments requires time and effort to research and monitor the market. This can be demanding for individuals with busy schedules.

Risk of Errors
Without professional guidance, there is a higher risk of making investment mistakes, which can negatively impact your returns.

Benefits of Regular Funds with CFP

Professional Guidance
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner provides access to expert advice tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Simplified Process
Regular funds simplify the investment process, as the advisor handles the research, selection, and monitoring of your investments.

Optimized Returns
A CFP can help you optimize your returns by creating a diversified portfolio that aligns with your financial objectives.

Ensuring Accurate Record Keeping
Importance of Accurate Records

Maintaining accurate records of your investments is crucial for tracking performance and making informed decisions. Here are some tips to ensure your records are accurate:

1. Regular Reviews

Regularly review your investment statements and transaction reports to ensure they accurately reflect your holdings and values.

2. Consolidate Information

Consolidate information from different portals and platforms to have a comprehensive view of your investments. This can help identify discrepancies early.

3. Use Technology

Utilise financial management software or apps that can aggregate data from multiple sources, providing a unified view of your investments.

4. Maintain Backups

Keep backups of important documents, such as transaction receipts and confirmation emails, to verify your records if needed.

Understanding the Role of Financial Advisors
Benefits of Working with a CFP

A Certified Financial Planner can provide valuable assistance in managing your investments and financial planning:

1. Tailored Advice

A CFP offers personalized advice based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. This can help you make informed decisions.

2. Holistic Planning

CFPs take a holistic approach to financial planning, considering all aspects of your financial life, including investments, insurance, and retirement planning.

3. Long-Term Perspective

Working with a CFP ensures that you have a long-term perspective on your investments, focusing on sustainable growth and wealth accumulation.

4. Peace of Mind

Having a professional manage your investments provides peace of mind, knowing that your financial future is in capable hands.

Appreciating Your Investment Efforts

Investing in mutual funds is a commendable step towards securing your financial future. Your proactive approach in addressing discrepancies shows your commitment to managing your investments effectively. This vigilance is crucial in achieving your financial goals.

I understand how frustrating it can be to see discrepancies in your investment records. It’s important to address these issues promptly to ensure your investments are accurately reflected. Your diligence in seeking a resolution is a testament to your dedication to financial management.

Final Insights
Addressing discrepancies in your mutual fund investments requires a systematic approach. By understanding the possible reasons for the discrepancy and taking proactive steps to resolve it, you can ensure that your investments are accurately reflected. Additionally, appreciating the benefits of actively managed funds and the value of working with a Certified Financial Planner can enhance your investment strategy.

Maintaining accurate records and leveraging professional guidance can provide you with the peace of mind needed to achieve your financial goals. Your efforts in managing your investments are commendable, and with the right approach, you can overcome any challenges that arise.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

I need money for 2 months 35000
Ans: If you need Rs 35,000 for a short-term period of 2 months, here are a few options to consider:

1. Emergency Fund
If you have an emergency fund set aside, this would be the ideal use for it. It’s designed for unexpected expenses like this, ensuring you don’t disrupt your long-term investments.

2. Personal Loan
Consider a personal loan from a bank or a reputable financial institution. Personal loans typically offer quick disbursal and can be repaid over a short period, such as 2 months. Compare interest rates and terms to find the best option.

3. Credit Card
If you have a credit card with sufficient limit, you could use it for the amount needed. However, ensure you can repay the balance in full within the interest-free period to avoid high interest charges.

4. Withdrawal from Investments
If you have investments in liquid assets like certain mutual funds or fixed deposits, you might consider withdrawing the required amount. Be mindful of any withdrawal penalties or tax implications.

5. Borrowing from Friends or Family
If feasible and comfortable, borrowing from friends or family might be an option. Ensure you have a clear agreement on repayment terms to avoid misunderstandings.

6. Salary Advance
If you're employed, you might inquire about a salary advance from your employer. This allows you to access a portion of your salary in advance, which can be repaid through deductions from future paychecks.

Final Considerations
Evaluate these options based on your personal financial situation and choose the one that aligns best with your needs and ability to repay within the specified timeframe.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ravi Mittal  |250 Answers  |Ask -

Dating, Relationships Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Hi I am 29 year old F dating a 27 year old M. I have always been very conservative and emotional with respect to love. Before him, i never dated anyone, nor allowed anyone to touch me because I wanted only one man in my life. We both have failed to crack a gov job. He has lost all hopes in life and somehow wants to fix his career. On the other hand, My family is pressurising me to get married and even I think that I have reached that stage where I should get married in a year or two. Meanwhile his parents too wants him to get married by next year. However, he refuses to give me any commitment unless he has a stable career i.e government job. And if he failed to do so, then he will marry any girl whom his parents choses because without a gov job, he won't be able to take a stand for me. I his mind he thinks that my family is of high standards than his. (which is partially true) I want some form of commitment from him, but all he says that he wants to marry me, and wants me to stay with him as friend untill he is ready. He has also not given me the tag of a gf, he says that because of that tag I will be emotionally attached to him and if things didnt worked out than I will be devastated. He had also not made any sexual advances towards me. He asked for 6 months to fix everything. However, this undefined relationship without a commitment is emotionally exhausting me. Because of my family pressure, I am in delema whether I should look for someone else or believe someone who has not yet defined anything? I dont want to look for anyone else becase than it is against my personal ideology of being with only one man. Yet, I am scared. What if I ended up being with no one. What should I do?
Ans: Dear Anonymous,

I understand your dilemma. Your partner has asked for six months. That might seem and feel very long, given the situation, but it will pass in a heartbeat. You can, only if you want, give him that time and see where things go. Having said that, let me also mention that if you decide to quit this relationship, if it is too exhausting and it's putting you through more emotional turmoil than giving you happiness, you would not be wrong. You have every right to choose peace. After all, why do we love someone? Because they, the relationship with them, makes us happy. There will indeed be ups and downs in a relationship, but if there are only downs, and only more downs to come in the future, it wouldn't be wrong to reconsider that relationship.

Evaluate your needs. Take a little time for yourself to reflect- weigh the pros against the cons. You will have your answer.

Your ideology is commendable. But make sure it doesn't affect your emotional well-being. While your beliefs are admirable, there is also nothing wrong with finding love more than once. Not every love story is bound to succeed, and a single failure should not define your entire life.

Best Wishes.

...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
Hi sir, I'm 35 years old I have started with ppf just 4years back which is around 4L change now and have invested in below mutual funds HDFC mutual fund- 1000 pm PPFAS mutual fund - 2500 with step up of 500 every 6 months Aditya Birla Sun Life - 1002 pm Please suggest if I my portfolio needs to be changed and with this can I retire early.
Ans: Assessing Your Current Portfolio
You are on the right track by starting your investments in PPF and mutual funds. Your discipline in contributing regularly is commendable.

The PPF is a secure, long-term investment option. It offers tax benefits and a fixed return. Your current balance of Rs. 4 lakhs in PPF is a good start.

Regarding mutual funds, you have invested in three different schemes. Diversifying your investments is essential, and you have made a good choice by not putting all your money in one fund.

Your current investment approach shows you are cautious and focused on building a secure financial future.

Reviewing Your Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a great way to build wealth over time. Your choices of funds reflect a good mix, although there is room for improvement.

Regular Contributions
Investing Rs. 1,000 per month in one mutual fund, Rs. 2,500 in another with a step-up of Rs. 500 every six months, and Rs. 1,002 in the third fund shows you are committed to regular investing.

Step-Up Investments
The step-up feature in one of your funds is an excellent strategy. It helps increase your investment amount gradually, which can significantly impact your corpus over the long term.

Evaluating Fund Performance
However, it's essential to evaluate the performance of these funds periodically. Mutual fund performance can vary, and it's crucial to ensure your funds are consistently performing well.

Recommendations for Portfolio Improvement
Your current portfolio is a solid foundation, but there are a few adjustments you can make for better results.

Increase Diversification
Consider adding a few more funds to your portfolio. Diversifying across various types of funds can help balance risk and returns.

Focus on Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, where a fund manager makes decisions on the portfolio, can offer better returns than index funds. While index funds track the market, actively managed funds aim to outperform it.

Regular Funds over Direct Funds
Although direct funds have lower expense ratios, regular funds offer the benefit of professional advice from a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credential. This advice can be invaluable, especially in volatile markets.

Review and Rebalance
Regularly reviewing your portfolio and rebalancing it to maintain your desired asset allocation is essential. This ensures your portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals.

Planning for Early Retirement
Early retirement is an achievable goal with disciplined saving and smart investing. Here are some strategies to help you reach this goal.

Increase SIP Amounts
As your income grows, consider increasing your SIP amounts. This can significantly accelerate your wealth-building process.

Utilize Step-Up SIPs
Step-up SIPs, like the one you already have, are beneficial. They allow you to increase your investment amount periodically, which can help grow your corpus faster.

Explore Different Fund Categories
Apart from the funds you already have, explore different categories such as large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and sectoral funds. Each category has its risk and return profile, which can add diversity to your portfolio.

Maintain an Emergency Fund
Always keep an emergency fund equivalent to at least six months of your expenses. This fund should be in a liquid and safe investment option.

Health Insurance Coverage
Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage. Medical emergencies can derail your financial plans, so having a robust health insurance plan is crucial.

Tax Planning and Benefits
Tax planning is a crucial aspect of financial planning. Here are some strategies to maximize your tax benefits.

Section 80C Deductions
Investments in PPF, ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme), and other eligible instruments qualify for deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. You can claim deductions up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs per year.

Utilize HRA Benefits
If you are a salaried individual, make sure to claim House Rent Allowance (HRA) benefits. This can significantly reduce your taxable income.

Health Insurance Premiums
Premiums paid for health insurance qualify for deductions under Section 80D. This includes premiums for family and parents.

Capital Gains Tax
Understand the tax implications of your mutual fund investments. Long-term capital gains from equity funds are tax-free up to Rs. 1 lakh per year. Gains above this amount are taxed at 10%.

Building a Corpus for Early Retirement
To retire early, you need a substantial corpus. Here are some steps to help you achieve this.

Calculate Your Retirement Corpus
Estimate the amount you need to retire early. Consider your current expenses, inflation, and life expectancy. This will give you a target corpus to aim for.

Increase Your Investments
As mentioned earlier, increasing your investment amounts over time can help you reach your retirement corpus faster.

Avoid Unnecessary Debt
Avoid taking on unnecessary debt. Focus on paying off any existing debts as soon as possible. This will free up more money for investments.

Regular Reviews
Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed. Financial goals and market conditions can change, so it's important to stay on top of your plan.

Benefits of Professional Guidance
While managing investments on your own is possible, professional guidance can add significant value.

Expertise and Knowledge
Certified Financial Planners have the expertise and knowledge to help you make informed decisions. They can provide personalized advice based on your financial situation and goals.

Emotional Discipline
A CFP can help you maintain emotional discipline during market volatility. It's easy to make impulsive decisions during market downturns, but a CFP can provide a rational perspective.

Comprehensive Planning
A CFP can help you with comprehensive financial planning, including tax planning, retirement planning, and estate planning.

Regular Monitoring
A CFP will regularly monitor your portfolio and suggest necessary adjustments. This ensures your portfolio remains aligned with your goals.

Final Insights
Your journey towards early retirement is on the right path. Your disciplined approach to investing in PPF and mutual funds is commendable.

By making a few adjustments, such as increasing diversification, focusing on actively managed funds, and regularly reviewing your portfolio, you can enhance your returns.

Tax planning and maintaining adequate health insurance coverage are also crucial aspects of your financial plan.

Professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner can provide significant benefits, helping you make informed decisions and stay disciplined during market fluctuations.

With continued discipline and smart investing, early retirement is an achievable goal. Keep up the good work and stay focused on your financial journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 11, 2024Hindi
rediff.com Rediff Gurus Logo Hi Tarun Raj | Sign Out HealthHealth MoneyMoney RelationshipRelationship CareesCareer Ask your questions about health, money, relationship or careers here Ask Anonymously Tarun Tarun 1 Questions 1 Answers 0 Gurus 0 Bookmarks These questions will be answered soon. Not Answered yet Tarun Asked on - Jun 13, 2024 Hello Sir, I am 37 years old and my wife is 35 years old and 1.5 year old daughter. We both collectively earn 305000 Per Month after taxes (Private Job) I have an active home loan of total outstanding of 51 lakh out of 80 lakh (taken 2.5 years back) and currently I am paying 81000 EMI towards that. I have already made repayment of approximately 20 lakh in the past 18 months. Total loan tenure left is around 7.5 years. I have a loan from family members (non interest) 8 lkh which can be repaid as per flexibility. I have 4 LIC Polices for which I am paying 110000 annually and One HDFC ulip plan which is 15K annual. I have approximately 20 lakh in savings (all FDs), we have collective PF balance of 8 lakh and recently I have started investing in mutual funds SIP details are as following 10K SIP - Axis Mid Cap, 5K SIP - Axis small Cap, 5K SIP - HDFC mid Cap opportunity, 2K SIP - Axis Multi Cap. My monthly expenses are around 50000, I would need your suggestion on how to meet my personal financial goal of 5 cr in the next 15 years. I want to make sure I will have substantial funds in hand for My child's education/ Marriage and something for own when we retire. Please advise. Thank you
Ans: Firstly, I commend you for your diligent savings and the significant repayment on your home loan. Managing your finances with a young child and planning for the future requires foresight and discipline, which you have demonstrated well.

Let's break down your current financial status:

Income: Rs 3,05,000 per month (combined).

Home Loan: Outstanding Rs 51 lakhs with an EMI of Rs 81,000.

Family Loan: Rs 8 lakhs (interest-free).

Insurance Premiums: Rs 1,10,000 annually for LIC policies and Rs 15,000 for HDFC ULIP.

Savings: Rs 20 lakhs in fixed deposits.

Provident Fund: Rs 8 lakhs combined.

Mutual Funds SIP: Rs 22,000 per month.

Monthly Expenses: Rs 50,000.

You aim to build a corpus of Rs 5 crores in 15 years for your child's education, marriage, and your retirement. Given your income and expenses, this goal is attainable with strategic financial planning.

Optimizing Existing Investments
Review Insurance Policies
You have four LIC policies and one HDFC ULIP plan. While insurance is crucial, these traditional and ULIP policies often provide lower returns compared to mutual funds. Consider the following steps:

Surrender or Convert: Evaluate the surrender value of these policies. It may be beneficial to surrender them and redirect those funds into higher-yielding investments.

Reinvest Premiums: The Rs 1,25,000 annual premium can be reinvested into mutual funds for better returns.

Utilizing Fixed Deposits
You have Rs 20 lakhs in fixed deposits. While FDs are safe, their returns are usually lower than inflation. To grow your wealth, consider the following:

Partial Liquidation: Keep a portion in FDs for emergency funds, but reinvest a significant amount into mutual funds or other higher-yielding instruments.
Strengthening Your Investment Portfolio
Increasing Mutual Fund SIPs
Your current SIPs total Rs 22,000 per month. To reach your Rs 5 crore goal, consider increasing your SIP contributions. Here’s how:

Diversify: Ensure your portfolio has a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and multi-cap funds for balanced growth and risk management.

Step-Up SIPs: Gradually increase your SIP contributions as your income grows. This will help in compounding returns significantly.

Investing in Mutual Funds
Actively managed mutual funds can provide better returns compared to index funds. Here are the benefits:

Active Management: Professional fund managers actively manage these funds, seeking to outperform the market.

Flexibility: Actively managed funds can adjust their portfolio based on market conditions, potentially offering higher returns.

Debt Management
Home Loan Strategy
You have an outstanding home loan of Rs 51 lakhs. Managing this effectively can save you significant interest costs:

Prepay Principal: Use part of your fixed deposits to make lump sum prepayments. This reduces the principal and interest burden.

Reduce EMI or Tenure: Opt to reduce your loan tenure if possible. A shorter tenure can save you substantial interest.

Family Loan Repayment
The Rs 8 lakh family loan is interest-free, giving you repayment flexibility. Prioritize this after addressing high-interest debt and maximizing investments.

Planning for Child's Education and Marriage
Child Education Fund
Start a dedicated investment for your child's education:

Separate SIP: Initiate a separate SIP specifically for education expenses. Estimate future costs and adjust contributions accordingly.

Education Savings Plan: Consider child education plans offered by mutual funds that align with your goals.

Child Marriage Fund
Similarly, plan for your child's marriage:

Long-Term SIP: Start a long-term SIP focused on this goal. Utilize the power of compounding to grow your corpus.
Building Retirement Corpus
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Increase your SIP contributions towards retirement:

Retirement Fund SIP: Set up a separate SIP for retirement, ensuring it aligns with your risk tolerance and time horizon.

Diversify: Include a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds for balanced growth and stability.

Provident Fund
Continue contributing to your provident fund. It provides a stable and secure component of your retirement corpus.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund is crucial. Here’s how to build and manage it:

Liquid Funds: Keep a portion of your fixed deposits in liquid mutual funds. They offer better returns than savings accounts and are easily accessible.

3-6 Months Expenses: Ensure your emergency fund covers 3-6 months of your living expenses, including EMIs.

Evaluating and Adjusting Your Plan
Regular Reviews
Financial planning is not a one-time activity. Regularly review and adjust your investments based on market conditions and life changes:

Annual Review: Conduct an annual review with a certified financial planner to ensure your investments are on track.

Adjust SIPs: Adjust your SIP contributions based on changes in income and expenses.

Risk Management
Ensure your investment portfolio aligns with your risk tolerance:

Diversification: Spread investments across various asset classes to mitigate risk.

Insurance: Maintain adequate life and health insurance to protect against unforeseen events.

Final Insights
Your goal of Rs 5 crores in 15 years is ambitious yet achievable with disciplined planning and strategic investments. By optimizing your current investments, increasing SIP contributions, and regularly reviewing your plan, you can secure a substantial corpus for your child's education, marriage, and your retirement.

Focus on diversifying your investments, managing debt efficiently, and maintaining an emergency fund. With consistent efforts and a clear strategy, you will be well-prepared for a financially secure future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 15, 2024Hindi
I am 31 yrs old no savings around 1lakh rupees stocks,& having 26lakh home loan,it’s a huge mess, what can I do from this negative to positive wealth.
Ans: Thank you for sharing your concerns. It's clear that you are in a challenging situation, and it's commendable that you are seeking help to improve your financial health. At 31 years old, you have plenty of time to turn things around. Let's break down your current financial status and create a plan to move from negative to positive wealth.

Assessing Your Current Position
Home Loan
You have a home loan of Rs 26 lakh. This is a significant liability, but it's manageable with a structured approach.

Your savings stand at around Rs 1 lakh. This is a modest amount, but it provides a foundation to build upon.

Investments in Stocks
You have some investments in stocks. While stocks can offer good returns, they also carry risks, especially if not managed properly.

Setting Financial Goals
Short-term Goals
Build an emergency fund: Aim for at least six months' worth of expenses. This will provide a cushion against unforeseen events.

Reduce high-interest debt: Focus on paying down any high-interest debts first.

Long-term Goals
Pay off your home loan: This will take time, but having a clear plan will make it achievable.

Build a diversified investment portfolio: This will help grow your wealth over time.

Creating a Budget
Income and Expenses
Track your monthly income and expenses. Categorize them to identify areas where you can cut back. This exercise is crucial to free up more money for savings and investments.

Prioritizing Expenses
Prioritize essential expenses like housing, utilities, and groceries. Reduce discretionary spending where possible. This could mean dining out less, limiting entertainment expenses, or finding more affordable alternatives.

Building an Emergency Fund
Importance of an Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial for financial stability. It ensures that you don't have to rely on high-interest credit in case of unexpected expenses.

How to Build It
Start by saving a small portion of your income each month. Gradually increase this amount as your financial situation improves. Aim to accumulate at least six months' worth of living expenses.

Managing Your Home Loan
Refinancing Options
Explore refinancing options to lower your interest rate. This can reduce your monthly payments and overall interest burden.

Extra Payments
If possible, make extra payments towards your home loan principal. This will reduce the loan term and the total interest paid.

Reviewing Your Investments
Stock Investments
Evaluate your current stock investments. Diversification is key to managing risk. Consider spreading your investments across different sectors.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
While index funds are popular, actively managed funds offer several benefits. They provide professional management, potentially better returns, and flexibility in changing market conditions.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds require significant time and knowledge to manage effectively. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner can provide expert guidance, save you time, and help you make informed decisions.

Surrendering Insurance Policies (if applicable)
If you hold LIC, ULIP, or other investment-cum-insurance policies, consider surrendering them. These often come with high charges and lower returns. Reinvest the proceeds into mutual funds for better growth potential.

Investing in Mutual Funds
Benefits of Mutual Funds
Mutual funds offer diversification, professional management, and ease of investment. They are suitable for various financial goals, whether short-term or long-term.

Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Select funds based on your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial goals. A Certified Financial Planner can help you choose funds that align with your objectives.

Creating a Debt Repayment Plan
Snowball vs. Avalanche Method
Consider two popular debt repayment methods:

Snowball Method: Pay off smaller debts first to build momentum.
Avalanche Method: Focus on debts with the highest interest rates to save on interest payments.
Choose the method that best suits your financial situation and motivates you to stay on track.

Regular Payments
Ensure regular payments towards your debts. Automate these payments to avoid missed deadlines and penalties.

Increasing Your Income
Side Hustles
Consider starting a side hustle or freelance work. This can provide additional income to pay off debts and increase savings.

Career Growth
Invest in your skills and education to advance your career. This can lead to higher earning potential over time.

Tax Planning
Tax-saving Investments
Invest in tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, such as ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) mutual funds. These help reduce your taxable income while providing growth potential.

Utilizing Tax Deductions
Claim deductions on home loan interest under Section 24(b) and principal repayment under Section 80C. This will reduce your tax liability and increase your savings.

Regular Financial Review
Annual Review
Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess your progress towards goals and make adjustments as needed.

Professional Guidance
Seek the advice of a Certified Financial Planner regularly. They can provide personalized recommendations and help you stay on track.

Staying Disciplined
Consistent Saving and Investing
Maintain a disciplined approach to saving and investing. Automate your savings and investments to ensure consistency.

Avoiding Impulsive Decisions
Avoid impulsive financial decisions. Always assess the long-term impact before making any major financial commitments.

Building a Positive Wealth Mindset
Educating Yourself
Educate yourself about personal finance. Read books, attend workshops, and follow credible financial blogs. Knowledge empowers you to make better financial decisions.

Celebrating Milestones
Celebrate your financial milestones, no matter how small. This will keep you motivated and committed to your financial journey.

Final Insights
Your current financial situation might seem daunting, but with a structured approach, you can turn things around. Prioritize building an emergency fund, manage your debts wisely, and make informed investment decisions. Seek professional guidance when needed and stay disciplined in your financial practices. Remember, financial stability is a journey, not a destination. Celebrate your progress along the way and keep learning to make better financial decisions.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4758 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 11, 2024Hindi
Hello I am 28 year old my in hand salary is 40kpm I am married women currently no child. How I manage my expense and savings ? In which fund I invest for secure future.
Ans: First, let's understand your current financial standing. With an in-hand salary of Rs 40,000 per month, you have a stable income. Being married and currently without children provides a unique opportunity to focus on building a strong financial foundation.

Compliments and Understanding

You're already ahead by thinking about your financial future. Many don't plan at your age. It shows your foresight and responsibility. Your proactive approach is commendable and will surely pave the way for a secure financial future.

Creating a Budget

A budget is the cornerstone of financial planning. It helps track income and expenses, ensuring that you live within your means and save for future goals.

Step-by-Step Budgeting

Income: Your monthly take-home salary is Rs 40,000.

Essential Expenses: Include rent, groceries, utilities, transportation, and healthcare. Aim to keep these below 50% of your income, which would be Rs 20,000.

Discretionary Expenses: Allocate 30% of your income to dining out, entertainment, and personal shopping. This would be Rs 12,000.

Savings and Investments: The remaining 20%, or Rs 8,000, should go towards savings and investments.

Emergency Fund

An emergency fund is a financial safety net. It should cover 3-6 months' worth of essential expenses.

Building an Emergency Fund

Start by setting aside a portion of your savings each month until you reach this target. A liquid fund is ideal for this purpose due to its low risk and easy access.

Investment Strategy

Investing wisely is crucial for wealth creation. Given your profile, a mix of investment options can provide stability and growth.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are excellent for long-term wealth creation. They offer diversification, professional management, and flexibility.

Actively Managed Funds: These funds aim to outperform the market through expert selection of securities. They are ideal for those who seek higher returns and are comfortable with moderate risk.

SIP (Systematic Investment Plan)

SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly. It inculcates discipline and averages out the cost of investment over time, reducing the impact of market volatility.

Debt Funds

Debt funds are suitable for conservative investors. They invest in fixed-income securities and provide steady returns with lower risk.


Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across different asset classes. This ensures that poor performance in one area does not drastically impact your overall portfolio.

Insurance Planning

Insurance is crucial for financial security. It protects against unforeseen events and ensures that your family's needs are met in your absence.

Life Insurance

Opt for a term plan with adequate coverage. Term plans offer high coverage at low premiums and are ideal for income replacement.

Health Insurance

Healthcare costs are rising. A comprehensive health insurance policy covers medical expenses, ensuring that your savings are not depleted by medical emergencies.

Retirement Planning

Retirement planning is essential for financial independence in later years. Start early to benefit from the power of compounding.

NPS (National Pension System)

NPS is a government-backed pension scheme. It offers tax benefits and helps build a retirement corpus.

Mutual Funds for Retirement

Equity mutual funds are ideal for long-term growth. They have the potential to generate higher returns, aiding in building a substantial retirement corpus.

Tax Planning

Efficient tax planning increases disposable income. Utilize available deductions and exemptions to reduce tax liability.

Section 80C Investments

Investments under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act offer tax deductions. Options include PPF, EPF, and ELSS.

Health Insurance Premiums

Premiums paid for health insurance qualify for deductions under Section 80D. This reduces taxable income while ensuring health coverage.

Goal-Based Planning

Financial goals provide direction and motivation. Categorize them into short-term, medium-term, and long-term goals.

Short-Term Goals

These include building an emergency fund and saving for a vacation or a gadget. Allocate funds in liquid or short-term debt funds.

Medium-Term Goals

These could be saving for a car or a down payment on a house. Consider balanced funds or debt funds for these goals.

Long-Term Goals

Long-term goals include children's education, retirement, and wealth creation. Equity mutual funds and SIPs are suitable for these goals due to their potential for high returns over time.

Review and Rebalance

Regular review of your financial plan is crucial. It ensures that your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance.

Annual Review

Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess your progress and make necessary adjustments.


Rebalancing involves realigning the weightings of your portfolio. It helps maintain the desired level of risk and return.

Avoiding Common Pitfalls

Certain financial mistakes can derail your plans. Being aware of these can help you avoid them.


Stick to your budget and avoid impulse purchases. This ensures that you live within your means and save for future goals.

Inadequate Insurance

Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance. This protects against financial hardships due to unforeseen events.

Ignoring Inflation

Inflation erodes the value of money over time. Ensure your investments generate returns that outpace inflation.

Investment Tips

Here are some additional tips to enhance your investment strategy.

Start Early

The earlier you start investing, the more time your money has to grow. This maximizes the benefits of compounding.

Stay Invested

Stay invested for the long term to ride out market volatility. Short-term market fluctuations should not deter you from your financial goals.

Seek Professional Advice

A certified financial planner can provide personalized advice. They can help you create a tailored financial plan that aligns with your goals and risk tolerance.

Final Insights

Your proactive approach towards financial planning is commendable. By creating a budget, building an emergency fund, investing wisely, and planning for insurance and retirement, you're on the right path. Regular reviews and avoiding common pitfalls will ensure that you stay on track.

Your financial journey is unique, and with careful planning and disciplined execution, you can achieve your financial goals. Remember, the key to financial success is consistency and patience.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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