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Dr Karthiyayini

Dr Karthiyayini Mahadevan  |886 Answers  |Ask -

General Physician - Answered on Jun 19, 2024

Dr Karthiyayini Mahadevan has been practising for 30 years.
She specialises in general medicine, child development and senior citizen care.
A graduate from Madurai Medical College, she has DNB training in paediatrics and a postgraduate degree in developmental neurology.
She has trained in Tai chi, eurythmy, Bothmer gymnastics, spacial dynamics and yoga.
She works with children with development difficulties at Sparrc Institute and is the head of wellness for senior citizens at Columbia Pacific Communities.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jan 24, 2024Hindi
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I am diabetic since last 30 years aged 70yesrd.I am taking insulin 14 unit in morning and 12 evening.Fasting sugar fluctuating 120 to 150 off and on.Besdes I also take TabTRIBOLIVE 2 and PROMINOD PIOS.KZINDLY SDVISE ME PROPER MEDICATION

Ans: Blood Sugars look OK considering the factor that you are on Insulin
Please include daily walks into your routine and continue the same
DISCLAIMER: The answer provided by rediffGURUS is for informational and general awareness purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical diagnosis or treatment.
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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
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I have recently joined my job and I want to invest in mutual fund through SIP. I am earning 50k per month. So please suggest which SIP I should start.
Ans: Investing in mutual funds through Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) is a smart move. SIPs offer a disciplined approach to investing. With SIPs, you invest a fixed amount every month. This helps in building wealth over time. Let's explore how you can start your SIP journey.

Assessing Your Financial Goals
First, understand your financial goals. Are you saving for a home, children's education, or retirement? Identifying your goals will help in selecting the right mutual funds.

You earn Rs 50,000 per month. Decide how much you can invest in SIPs. A good starting point could be 20% of your salary. This means you can invest Rs 10,000 per month.

Evaluating Risk Tolerance
Assess your risk tolerance. Are you comfortable with market fluctuations? Or do you prefer stability? Your risk appetite will determine the type of mutual funds you choose. For example:

High risk tolerance: Equity mutual funds are suitable. They offer higher returns but come with higher risks.

Medium risk tolerance: Balanced funds are a good option. They invest in both equities and debt, providing a balanced risk-return ratio.

Low risk tolerance: Debt funds are ideal. They offer stability and lower returns.

Types of Mutual Funds for SIP
Let's delve into the types of mutual funds suitable for SIPs:

Equity Mutual Funds
These funds invest in stocks. They have the potential for high returns. They are suitable for long-term goals. There are various sub-categories:

Large-Cap Funds: Invest in large companies. They are less risky than mid or small-cap funds.

Mid-Cap Funds: Invest in mid-sized companies. They offer higher returns but come with higher risks.

Small-Cap Funds: Invest in small companies. They are the most volatile but can offer the highest returns.

Balanced Funds
Balanced funds invest in both equities and debt. They provide a balance of risk and return. They are suitable for medium-term goals. They offer stability with decent returns.

Debt Funds
Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities like bonds. They are less risky and provide stable returns. They are suitable for short-term goals and for those with low-risk tolerance.

Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds are a mix of equity and debt. They provide diversification. They are suitable for investors who want to balance risk and return.

Choosing the Right Fund
Selecting the right fund is crucial. Here are some factors to consider:

Fund Performance
Look at the fund's past performance. It should have a consistent track record. Check its performance over different time frames – 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years.

Fund Manager
The fund manager's expertise is vital. A good fund manager can make a significant difference. Check the fund manager's experience and track record.

Expense Ratio
The expense ratio is the fee charged by the fund. Lower expense ratios are better as they eat less into your returns.

Investment Horizon
Align your investment horizon with the fund type. For long-term goals, equity funds are suitable. For short-term goals, debt funds are better.

Benefits of SIP
Rupee Cost Averaging
SIPs help in rupee cost averaging. You buy more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high. This reduces the average cost per unit.

Disciplined Investing
SIPs promote disciplined investing. Investing a fixed amount every month builds a habit. It ensures that you save regularly.

Power of Compounding
SIPs harness the power of compounding. The longer you stay invested, the higher your returns. Starting early is key.

Convenience
SIPs are convenient. They are automated, requiring minimal effort. You can start SIPs online with ease.

Assessing Fund Suitability
Evaluate the suitability of a fund for your needs. Consider the following aspects:

Consistency in Returns
A good fund should provide consistent returns. It should outperform its benchmark. Check the fund's performance during market ups and downs.

Risk-Adjusted Returns
Look at risk-adjusted returns. This measures the return per unit of risk taken. Funds with higher risk-adjusted returns are preferable.

Portfolio Diversification
A well-diversified portfolio is less risky. Check the fund's portfolio for diversification across sectors and stocks.

Investment Strategy
Understand the fund's investment strategy. It should align with your goals and risk tolerance.

Steps to Start SIP
Starting a SIP is straightforward. Follow these steps:

KYC Compliance
Complete your KYC (Know Your Customer) process. It is mandatory for investing in mutual funds. You can do it online.

Choose the Fund
Select the mutual fund based on your goals and risk tolerance. Use online tools to compare funds.

Decide SIP Amount
Decide the amount you want to invest monthly. Ensure it fits your budget.

Set Up SIP
Set up the SIP online. You can link it to your bank account. The amount will be automatically debited each month.

Monitoring and Reviewing SIP
Regularly monitor your SIP investments. Review the fund's performance periodically. Make adjustments if necessary.

Review Investment Goals
Your financial goals may change over time. Review and adjust your SIPs accordingly.

Monitor Fund Performance
Keep an eye on the fund's performance. If a fund consistently underperforms, consider switching.

Rebalance Portfolio
Rebalance your portfolio periodically. Ensure it aligns with your risk tolerance and goals.

Common Mistakes to Avoid
Avoid these common mistakes when investing in SIPs:

Not Having Clear Goals
Set clear financial goals. This helps in selecting the right funds.

Stopping SIPs During Market Downturns
Don't stop SIPs during market downturns. Continue investing to benefit from rupee cost averaging.

Investing Without Research
Research before investing. Don't invest based on tips or trends.

Ignoring Expense Ratios
Consider expense ratios. High expense ratios can eat into your returns.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are managed by professional fund managers. They aim to outperform the market. Let's explore their advantages:

Expertise of Fund Managers
Fund managers use their expertise to select stocks. They aim to maximize returns.

Potential for Higher Returns
Actively managed funds have the potential for higher returns. They can adapt to market changes.

Flexibility in Investment
Fund managers can change the portfolio based on market conditions. This flexibility can be advantageous.

Risk Management
Fund managers actively manage risk. They can take defensive positions in volatile markets.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds passively track a market index. Let's discuss their disadvantages:

Limited Flexibility
Index funds have limited flexibility. They can't adapt to market changes.

Average Returns
Index funds aim to match the market. They provide average returns, not higher.

No Risk Management
Index funds don't actively manage risk. They mirror the market's performance.

Benefits of Regular Funds
Regular funds are purchased through a Certified Financial Planner. They offer several benefits:

Expert Advice
You get expert advice from a Certified Financial Planner. They help in selecting the right funds.

Regular Monitoring
Your investments are regularly monitored. Adjustments are made based on performance.

Holistic Financial Planning
A Certified Financial Planner offers holistic financial planning. They consider your overall financial health.

Peace of Mind
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner provides peace of mind. You can rely on their expertise.

Investing Smartly
Investing in SIPs is a smart move. It helps in wealth creation over time. Follow these steps for successful SIP investing:

Start Early
The earlier you start, the better. Time in the market is crucial.

Stay Disciplined
Stick to your investment plan. Don't let market fluctuations deter you.

Review Periodically
Regularly review your investments. Make necessary adjustments.

Seek Professional Help
Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can guide you in the right direction.

Final Insights
Investing in mutual funds through SIPs is a wise decision. It offers a disciplined approach to wealth creation. Assess your financial goals and risk tolerance. Choose the right mutual funds and start your SIP. Regularly monitor and review your investments. Avoid common mistakes and stay disciplined. Consider the benefits of actively managed funds and regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner. Investing smartly will help you achieve your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ravi

Ravi Mittal  |250 Answers  |Ask -

Dating, Relationships Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Listen
Relationship
m in love with my boyfriend since 18 years. I waited till he gets his first job to tell my parents abut him. When the time came we both informed in our family that we want to get married. His father said yes initially and asked my family to meet at a common place. Later once I family agreed and came and called to inform his family, his mother denied saying his father is against this marriage. My parents called my boyfriend and asked whether he wants to marry me without his father approval and he said obviously!!! Why wouldn’t I? Then me and my boyfriend set a date and informed both our family that we are getting married on this date on july. My family has been always supportive and they support me here as well. But his family reacted differently saying we can’t allow you to marry on this date as this month is his birth month (some silly excuses) and they informed we can assure you we will get you married to your girlfriend in November or December. That time my boyfriend also agreed with his mother knowing that all wedding venues were booked and I have paid some kind of advance amount as well. And NOW!! My family went wild over him saying howcome he called of this marriage?? My boyfriend is asking me please give me a second chance that I will convince my parents to marry you in November or December. If they disagree i will move out and marry you only. How can I trust him this time? SHOULD I?
Ans: Dear Suwon,

I understand you are in a difficult situation and trusting someone once they have broken it is difficult. I also understand your parent's concern. I am sure you do too. Now, the real question is, do you want to give him another chance? I know he broke your trust by moving the dates suddenly, but maybe let's try to find out why he did it.

You have been with him for a long time. You should have some clue about the type of person he is; it is totally up to you to decide whether you want to give him another chance or move on with your life. Neither would be a wrong choice. But it should be your choice. Look at the pros and cons. All things he got right to date and the wrongs he did too. Weigh them against each other and by the end of it, you should have some clarity.

Best Wishes.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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