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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 17, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Prasanna Question by Prasanna on Jan 01, 2024Hindi
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Sir, I am Prasanna, i had a loan of Rs 20 Lakhs taken from SBI. During sanction, insurance for an amount of RS 2 lakhs was also made.Now as i had little amount i have fore closed my loan. But, fore closing of loan was allowed till i cleared insurance outstanding also. So i cleared that insurance amount also. Now, as i have foreclosed my loan amount,( i had taken loan for a tenure of 20 years but closed in 11 years only) should i not get prorate insurance amount also, or what sort of advantage i can ask from SBI life

Ans: Since you've foreclosed your loan earlier than the original tenure, it's reasonable to expect some refund or adjustment on the insurance premium you paid. Typically, insurance premiums are calculated based on the loan amount and tenure.

You can contact SBI Life to inquire about a refund or adjustment for the prorated insurance amount. Provide them with the details of your loan closure and the remaining tenure to see if they can offer any benefits or adjustments.

It's also worth checking if there are any loyalty benefits or discounts for early closure that you might be eligible for. Always remember to keep all communication documented for future reference.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 26, 2024

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1) I had taken an SBI Life Insurance Policy Retire Smart - LP policy for 10 Lakhs with @1 Lakh premium paid every year. 2) Policy was taken in March 2019, and it was given understanding that I can close the policy after 5 years - without penalty. 3) I had paid 5 Lakhs as premium in this policy and the present fund value is about 5.70 Lakhs. 4) Kindly advice about decision to be taken for this policy after completing 5 years, ie after 7 months. My Age is 74 Years.
Ans: The SBI Life Retire Smart is a Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) marketed as a pension plan. It invests your premium in equities and debt-oriented funds managed by SBI Life, aiming to provide retirement benefits in the form of an annuity. This review will help you determine if the SBI Life Retire Smart Plan is a good investment for your retirement.

Key Features of SBI Life Retire Smart Plan

This ULIP is designed as a retirement plan and differs from conventional ULIPs. Key features include predefined investment strategies and maturity benefits. For example, if you start this plan at 35 with a 25-year term, paying Rs 1,00,000 annually, your premium will be invested in three different funds under the "Advantage Plan" strategy.

Fund Options and Allocation Strategy

The Retire Smart Plan offers a predefined asset allocation strategy, named the "Advantage Plan." This strategy invests more in high-risk, high-return equity funds in the early years and reallocates to safer funds as the policy matures. This approach aims to balance growth potential with stability over time.

Death Benefits

The death benefit is the highest of the fund value plus terminal addition or 105% of the total premiums paid. Terminal addition is 1.5% of the fund value on the date of death. The nominee can receive the death benefit as a lump sum or use it to purchase an annuity. However, the death benefit does not include a sum assured, making the risk cover minimal.

Maturity Benefits

The maturity benefit is the highest of the fund value plus terminal addition or 101% of the total premiums paid. While the policy guarantees 101% of the premiums paid, the actual return is subject to market performance. The guaranteed maturity benefit may not be sufficient given the potential for higher returns in long-term equity investments.

Analysis of Returns

Guaranteed Returns: If the policy generates an annual return of 4%, the effective annual rate of return (IRR) is approximately 3.62%. After deducting charges, the actual return is even lower.
Higher Returns Scenario: If the policy generates an annual return of 8%, the IRR is around 7.4%. After charges, the actual return is less than 7.4%. Given the 25-year investment horizon, this return is not attractive considering the equity risk.
Comparison with Alternatives

PPF vs. SBI Life Retire Smart

PPF Investment: Investing Rs 1,00,000 annually in PPF for 25 years could provide substantial returns. Assuming the current PPF interest rate of 7.1%, the corpus at the end of 25 years would be approximately Rs 68.7 lakhs.
Tax Benefits: PPF offers tax benefits under section 80C and has the EEE (Exempt-Exempt-Exempt) status. The returns are risk-free and backed by the government.
ELSS vs. SBI Life Retire Smart

ELSS Investment: Investing in ELSS funds could yield an annual return of around 12%. Over 25 years, Rs 1,00,000 invested annually could grow to approximately Rs 1.33 crores, after accounting for 10% long-term capital gains (LTCG) tax.
Flexibility: ELSS investments offer greater flexibility and the potential for higher returns compared to ULIPs. Additionally, ELSS investments provide tax benefits under section 80C.
Surrender and Reinvest Strategy

Considering the low returns and high charges of the SBI Life Retire Smart Plan, it is advisable to surrender the policy after the 5-year lock-in period. You can then reinvest the proceeds into mutual funds.

Reinvestment in Mutual Funds: By investing in diversified mutual funds, you can achieve better returns. Equity mutual funds, in particular, offer significant growth potential over the long term.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): During retirement, you can opt for an SWP from your mutual fund investments. SWPs provide regular income by allowing you to withdraw a fixed amount periodically, ensuring a steady cash flow.
Pros and Cons of SBI Life Retire Smart

Pros:

Offers both insurance and investment benefits.
Provides a predefined investment strategy for risk management.
Cons:

High charges for premium allocation and policy administration.
Limited flexibility in fund selection.
Minimal risk cover and guaranteed returns.
Verdict

The SBI Life Retire Smart Plan may not be the best choice for retirement planning. The guaranteed returns are low compared to potential returns from PPF and ELSS. For conservative investors, PPF plus a term insurance plan is a better option. For those with higher risk tolerance, ELSS plus a term insurance plan offers greater growth potential.

Overview

You have an SBI Life Insurance Policy Retire Smart - LP with a sum assured of Rs 10 lakhs, paying an annual premium of Rs 1 lakh since March 2019. With five premiums paid, the current fund value is Rs 5.70 lakhs. You have the option to close the policy after 5 years without penalty. Considering your age of 74 years, the decision should focus on maximizing your retirement funds.

Assessment of Current Situation

Premiums Paid: Rs 5 lakhs
Current Fund Value: Rs 5.70 lakhs
Policy Tenure Completed: Almost 5 years
Your fund has grown modestly, providing a return slightly above the total premiums paid. Given your age and the need for a stable income, it's crucial to evaluate options that ensure financial security and better returns.

Decision After 5 Years

1. Surrender the Policy

After completing 5 years, you can surrender the policy without incurring any penalty. This would be a strategic move considering the limited growth observed in your fund value.

Benefits of Surrendering the Policy:

Avoid Future Charges: ULIPs like this have various charges, including premium allocation, policy administration, and fund management fees, which can eat into returns.
Better Investment Opportunities: You can reinvest the proceeds in more lucrative and less costly investment options.
2. Reinvest in Mutual Funds

After surrendering the policy, consider reinvesting the proceeds into diversified mutual funds. Mutual funds typically offer better returns compared to ULIPs due to lower costs and more focused investment strategies.

Recommended Investment Strategy:

Diversified Equity Funds: Suitable for potentially higher returns, balancing risk with growth opportunities.

Balanced Funds or Hybrid Funds: These funds invest in a mix of equities and debt, offering a balance between growth and stability.

Debt Funds: For conservative investments, providing stable returns with lower risk.

3. Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) for Regular Income

Once reinvested in mutual funds, you can set up a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) to ensure a regular income. This is particularly beneficial for retirees, offering a steady cash flow while keeping the remaining funds invested for potential growth.

Advantages of SWP:

Regular Income: Fixed amount at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly).
Tax Efficiency: Only the capital gains portion of the withdrawal is taxed.
Flexibility: You can adjust the withdrawal amount based on your needs.
Steps to Implement the Plan:

Surrender the Policy: Contact SBI Life to process the surrender after completing the 5-year term. Ensure you understand the procedure and any documentation required.

Evaluate Mutual Fund Options: With a Certified Financial Planner, choose a mix of mutual funds suited to your risk tolerance and income needs.

Set Up SWP: Once the funds are invested, set up an SWP to provide a regular income.

Conclusion

Considering the limited growth in your current ULIP and your age, surrendering the SBI Life Retire Smart Plan after 5 years is a prudent decision. Reinvesting the proceeds into mutual funds and opting for an SWP can provide better returns and a steady income stream, ensuring financial stability in your retirement years. Always consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor the strategy to your specific financial situation and goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

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I took houseing loan at axis bank with25 years repayment term and covered life insurance for the loan amount. But i closed said loan with in 28 months.shall i get back proposanate insurance premium paid by me.
Ans: Understanding the Insurance Premium Refund Process

When you close a housing loan early, you might wonder about getting back the insurance premium. The insurance you bought covered the loan term. Now, let's explore if you can get a refund for the insurance premium paid.

Nature of Loan Insurance

Loan insurance safeguards the lender and your family. If something happens to you, the insurance pays off the loan. It’s a crucial element in securing financial stability. But when you repay the loan early, the scenario changes.

Terms and Conditions of Insurance Policies

Insurance policies come with specific terms and conditions. These conditions dictate the refund policy. Usually, insurers have clauses about refunding premiums if the loan is closed early. Reading these terms is essential to know your entitlement.

Pro-rata Refunds

Some insurance companies offer a pro-rata refund. This means you get a refund based on the remaining term of the policy. For instance, if your loan was for 25 years and you closed it in 28 months, you might get a refund for the unused period. This could be a significant amount, given the long-term nature of your original policy.

Administrative Fees and Charges

Be aware of administrative fees and charges. Insurance companies might deduct these fees from your refund. This can affect the total amount you receive back. Ensure you understand these potential deductions by reviewing your policy documents or speaking with your insurance provider.

Communication with Your Insurance Provider

To initiate the refund process, contact your insurance provider. They will guide you through the steps needed to process your refund. Having all your loan and insurance documents handy will streamline this communication.

Importance of Documenting Communication

Keep records of all communications with your insurance provider. Emails, letters, and call logs are crucial. This documentation can be useful if there are disputes or delays in processing your refund.

Insurance Policy Alternatives Post Loan Closure

After closing your loan, you might still need insurance coverage. Reassessing your insurance needs is wise. A Certified Financial Planner can help you determine the best coverage to protect your financial interests moving forward.

Reinvestment of Refund

If you receive a refund, consider how to use it wisely. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can provide insights. They can guide you on reinvesting the money in mutual funds or other beneficial financial products.

Common Misconceptions about Insurance Refunds

Many people believe that closing a loan guarantees a refund of the insurance premium. This is not always the case. The refund depends on the specific terms of your insurance policy. Understanding these nuances can save you from unrealistic expectations.

Assessing the Financial Impact

Evaluate the financial impact of closing your loan and getting an insurance refund. This analysis helps in understanding the overall benefit. You might find that the refund can be a valuable addition to your financial planning strategy.

Potential Delays in Refund Processing

Be prepared for possible delays in the refund process. Insurance companies have their procedures and timelines. Staying patient and following up regularly can ensure a smoother process.

Appreciating the Value of Insurance

Even though you might get a refund, it’s crucial to appreciate the value insurance provided while your loan was active. It offered peace of mind and financial security, which is invaluable.

Conclusion

Closing your loan early and seeking a refund on your insurance premium is a prudent financial move. Understanding the terms, communicating effectively with your provider, and planning the use of your refund are essential steps. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can further enhance your financial strategy.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Moneywize

Moneywize   |124 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 02, 2024Hindi
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I had taken SBI Life Insurance Policy Retire Smart LP for 10 lakh with @1 lakh premium paid every year. Policy was taken in March 2021, and it was given that I could close this policy after five years without penalty. I had paid 5 lakh as premium in this policy and the present fund value is about 5.70 lakh. Kindly advice about the decision I can take for this policy after completing five years. My Age is 64 now.
Ans: You're approaching your policy's maturity date in March 2026, and here are some options to consider for your SBI Life Retire Smart LP policy:

Understanding the Policy:

• Guaranteed Benefit: This policy guarantees 101% of your total paid premium on maturity. In your case, that's Rs 5,05,000 (1.01*Rs 5 lakh).
• Market Performance: The current fund value of Rs 5.70 lakh reflects how the units you invested in have performed in the market.

Decision Points at Maturity (March 2026):

• Surrender the Policy: You can receive the fund value (Rs 5.70 lakh) along with any guaranteed additions or terminal bonuses offered by SBI Life. However, check the policy documents for any surrender charges that might apply.
• Annuitise the Corpus: This option allows you to convert the total corpus (fund value + guaranteed additions) into a regular income stream through an annuity plan from SBI Life. This provides a guaranteed income but limits access to the principal amount.
• Continue the Policy (if allowed): Check with SBI Life if you have the option to extend the policy term. This allows the fund value to potentially grow further through market gains, but you'll continue paying premiums.

Choosing the Right Option:

Since I cannot give financial advice, here's how to make an informed decision:

• Review Policy Documents: Look for details on surrender charges, guaranteed additions, and the option to extend the policy.
• Contact SBI Life: Talk to your SBI Life advisor or customer care to understand the specific benefits and charges associated with each option.

Consider Your Needs:

• Retirement Income Needs: Do you need a guaranteed income stream (Annuity) or are you comfortable with some market risk for potentially higher returns (Continuing the Policy)?
• Other Retirement Savings: Do you have other sources of retirement income, like a pension or investments?
• Medical Needs: Factor in any potential medical expenses that might require a larger corpus.

Additional Tips:

• Market Performance: Consider the current market conditions. If the market is expected to perform well, continuing the policy might be beneficial.
• Risk Tolerance: How comfortable are you with market fluctuations? Annuities offer stability, while continuing the policy exposes you to market risks.

By carefully evaluating these factors and talking with SBI Life, you can make the best decision to secure your financial future in retirement.

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Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Hi, my name is Sumit and I am 32 years old IT professional. My and my wife's combined income is 2.08 lakh per month. Our home loan is running at 65k monthly emi. Currently i have 2 SIPs which are 5k in Elss and 5k in Flexi cap. Can you suggest best investment plan in which we can save as much as possible and maintain life style as well.
Ans: Sumit. Your combined monthly income is Rs 2.08 lakh. Your home loan EMI is Rs 65,000. You also have SIPs of Rs 10,000 in ELSS and Flexi Cap funds.

Let's break down your financial plan for maximum savings and maintaining your lifestyle.

Current Monthly Income and Expenses

Combined Income: Rs 2.08 lakh
Home Loan EMI: Rs 65,000
SIPs: Rs 10,000
This leaves you with Rs 1.33 lakh for other expenses and savings.

Investment Strategy for Maximum Savings

1. Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be in a savings account or liquid funds.

2. Increasing SIP Contributions

Consider increasing your SIP contributions in equity mutual funds for long-term growth.

Flexi Cap Fund: Continue with your Rs 5,000 SIP in Flexi Cap funds.

ELSS Fund: Continue with your Rs 5,000 SIP in ELSS for tax savings under Section 80C.

3. Diversifying Your Portfolio

Diversify your investments to balance risk and returns. Here are some recommendations:

Large Cap Funds: Allocate Rs 5,000 monthly to large cap funds for stable returns.
Mid Cap Funds: Allocate Rs 5,000 monthly to mid cap funds for potential growth.
Small Cap Funds: Allocate Rs 5,000 monthly to small cap funds for high growth potential.
4. Retirement Planning

Start planning for retirement early. Allocate Rs 5,000 monthly to a retirement fund or a Public Provident Fund (PPF). PPF offers tax benefits and secure returns.

5. Child Education and Future Goals

If you have children or plan to, start saving for their education. Allocate Rs 5,000 monthly to a child education plan or a balanced mutual fund.

6. Health Insurance

Ensure adequate health insurance for your family. This protects your savings in case of medical emergencies.

Monthly Investment Plan

Emergency Fund: Maintain liquidity for emergencies.
Flexi Cap Fund: Rs 5,000 SIP
ELSS Fund: Rs 5,000 SIP
Large Cap Fund: Rs 5,000 SIP
Mid Cap Fund: Rs 5,000 SIP
Small Cap Fund: Rs 5,000 SIP
Retirement Fund/PPF: Rs 5,000
Child Education/Goal Fund: Rs 5,000
Total Monthly Investment: Rs 35,000

Managing Expenses and Lifestyle

Track Expenses: Use apps or spreadsheets to track and manage expenses.
Budgeting: Create a monthly budget to ensure you live within your means.
Discretionary Spending: Allocate a portion of your income for leisure and lifestyle expenses. This ensures you enjoy your lifestyle while saving.
Tax Planning

ELSS Funds: Continue investing in ELSS for tax benefits.
Section 80C: Maximize deductions under Section 80C through PPF, ELSS, and other eligible investments.
Professional Guidance

Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice. A CFP can help tailor your investments to your goals and risk tolerance.

Final Insights

Sumit, focus on building an emergency fund, increasing SIPs in diversified equity funds, and planning for retirement and children's education. Track your expenses and budget wisely to maintain your lifestyle while saving effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Dear Sir, I am 53 years old having monthly income of Rs. 1,75,000/-. No loan liability. Built own house, daughter 21 yrs, Son 19 yrs. I have no experience of passive income like SIP, MF, etc. pls guide me how should I start investment in SIP and MF?
Ans: You are 53 years old with a monthly income of Rs 1,75,000. You have no loan liabilities and own your house. You have a 21-year-old daughter and a 19-year-old son. You have no experience with passive income investments like SIP and mutual funds.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals
Your primary goals could be:

Building a retirement corpus
Funding your children's education or marriage
Ensuring financial security
Setting Up Your Investment Plan
Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. This should be your first priority.

Emergency Fund: Rs 10-12 lakh
Understanding SIP and Mutual Funds
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly in a mutual fund scheme. It helps in averaging the cost and reduces market volatility risks.

Benefits: Disciplined investing, rupee cost averaging, and compounding.
Mutual Funds
Mutual funds pool money from many investors to invest in securities like stocks, bonds, and other assets. They are managed by professional fund managers.

Types of Mutual Funds:
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks; high risk, high return.
Debt Funds: Invest in bonds; lower risk, stable return.
Balanced Funds: Mix of equity and debt; moderate risk and return.
Starting Your Investment
Step-by-Step Guide to Start SIP and Mutual Funds
Step 1: Assess Your Risk Appetite
Determine how much risk you are willing to take. Generally, at your age, a balanced approach is advisable.

Step 2: Define Your Investment Goals
Set clear goals for each investment, such as retirement, children's education, or marriage.

Step 3: Choose the Right Mutual Funds
Opt for a mix of equity and debt funds to balance risk and return.

Equity Funds: For long-term growth.
Debt Funds: For stability and regular income.
Balanced Funds: For a mix of growth and stability.
Step 4: Start SIPs
Invest regularly through SIPs. This will help in averaging the cost and reducing market volatility risks.

Monthly SIP Allocation: Start with a portion of your disposable income.
Suggested Allocation
Monthly SIP Allocation
Allocate Rs 50,000 monthly across different mutual funds through SIPs.

Equity Funds SIP: Rs 25,000
Debt Funds SIP: Rs 15,000
Balanced Funds SIP: Rs 10,000
Diversification
Diversify your investments to reduce risk and enhance returns.

Sectoral Diversification: Invest across various sectors.
Geographical Diversification: Consider international funds for global exposure.
Regular Monitoring and Review
Review your investment portfolio regularly to ensure it aligns with your goals. Make adjustments based on market conditions and personal financial changes.

Quarterly Reviews: Assess performance and adjust as needed.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized investment strategies and help you navigate the complexities of mutual funds and SIPs.

Personalized Advice: Tailored to your financial goals.
Regular Reviews: Ensure your investments stay aligned with your goals.
Final Insights
Starting investments in SIPs and mutual funds at 53 can provide a secure financial future. Begin with an emergency fund, assess your risk appetite, and set clear investment goals. Diversify your investments between equity, debt, and balanced funds through SIPs. Regularly review your portfolio and seek the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner for optimal results.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Hi sir I recently loss my job and I have personal Emi and taken loans from apps. which is aroundly have to pay Emi 35 k in a month and loan apps like Paytm , moneyview daliy calling and threating . I worried and I should not have focussed on anything. Please help from this situation
Ans: Losing a job and facing debt can be overwhelming. It is important to act swiftly to manage your financial situation.

Assess Your Financial Situation
List All Debts:

EMI of Rs. 35,000 per month.
Loans from various apps like Paytm and MoneyView.
Prioritize Debts:

Identify which debts have the highest interest rates.
Focus on these high-interest loans first.
Create a Budget
Calculate Monthly Expenses:

List essential expenses (rent, utilities, groceries).
Identify non-essential expenses you can cut.
Allocate Funds:

Ensure you cover essential expenses first.
Allocate remaining funds towards debt repayment.
Communicate with Lenders
Contact Loan Providers:

Explain your job loss situation.
Request for a temporary reduction or deferment in EMI payments.
Negotiate Repayment Terms:

Ask for extended repayment periods.
Request for lower interest rates if possible.
Seek Professional Help
Certified Financial Planner:

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.
They can help you create a debt management plan.
Credit Counseling Services:

Consider reaching out to credit counseling services.
They can negotiate with creditors on your behalf.
Increase Income Sources
Look for Temporary Work:

Consider part-time or freelance work.
Explore gig economy jobs like food delivery or ride-sharing.
Sell Unnecessary Assets:

Sell items you no longer need.
Use the proceeds to pay off debts.
Emergency Measures
Emergency Fund:

If you have an emergency fund, use it to cover essential expenses.
Avoid depleting it completely, keep some funds for unforeseen emergencies.
Friends and Family:

Consider borrowing from trusted friends or family.
Ensure you create a clear repayment plan to avoid misunderstandings.
Legal and Supportive Measures
Understand Your Rights:

Familiarize yourself with the laws regarding debt collection.
Loan apps must follow legal protocols; report any harassment.
Emotional Support:

Seek support from friends, family, or support groups.
Managing stress and mental health is crucial during this time.
Final Insights
Facing job loss and debt can be daunting. Take immediate steps to manage your finances. Prioritize essential expenses and debt repayment. Communicate with lenders and seek professional help. Look for temporary income sources and consider selling unnecessary assets. Protect your mental health and seek support from loved ones. With a strategic approach, you can navigate this difficult period and regain financial stability.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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I wanted to create my first crore by investing in stock or mutual fund.please advise my current monthly investment are as follows 5k in ulip,10k in other ulip (for five years so that I can reinvest after five years again that amount) 10k psu direct mutual fund 4k in other mutual fund. 3k in digital gold. 1lakh one time in quant for five years And 31k in PF+epf And my home loan 23k and personal loan 25k. Please guide me.
Ans: Evaluating Your Current Investments and Liabilities

Let's first understand your current financial position and investments. You are investing in various avenues and also have significant loans to manage.

Monthly Investments

ULIPs: Rs 5,000 + Rs 10,000
PSU Direct Mutual Fund: Rs 10,000
Other Mutual Fund: Rs 4,000
Digital Gold: Rs 3,000
One-time Investment in Quant: Rs 1 lakh (for five years)
PF + EPF: Rs 31,000
Monthly Liabilities

Home Loan EMI: Rs 23,000
Personal Loan EMI: Rs 25,000
Goals and Strategy to Reach Your First Crore

Your goal is to create a corpus of Rs 1 crore by investing in stocks or mutual funds. Let's outline a plan to achieve this.

Reassessing ULIPs

ULIPs combine insurance and investment. However, they often have high charges and lower returns compared to pure investment products.

Action Step: Consider stopping new investments in ULIPs once the lock-in period ends. Redirect this money to mutual funds for better returns.
Focusing on Mutual Funds

Mutual funds, particularly actively managed funds, can provide better returns. You already invest in PSU direct mutual funds and other mutual funds.

PSU Direct Mutual Fund: Direct funds may lack professional advice. Consider switching to regular funds managed by a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for better guidance.
Other Mutual Fund: Evaluate performance and ensure it's aligned with your goals.
Digital Gold Investment

Digital gold is convenient but may not offer the best returns compared to equity mutual funds.

Action Step: Consider reducing or stopping investments in digital gold and reallocating to equity mutual funds.
Optimizing One-time Investment in Quant

You have invested Rs 1 lakh in Quant for five years. Ensure it aligns with your risk tolerance and goals. Regular review is essential.

EPF and PF Contributions

Your EPF and PF contributions are significant and provide stability. Continue these contributions for a secure retirement.

Managing Loans

Your home loan and personal loan EMIs total Rs 48,000 per month. High EMIs can strain your finances.

Action Step: Prioritize repaying the personal loan due to higher interest rates. Once the personal loan is cleared, consider using the freed-up amount to invest more in mutual funds.
Suggested Investment Strategy

1. Equity Mutual Funds

Diversify Across Categories: Invest in large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for a balanced portfolio.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Continue or start SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds.
2. Reducing ULIP Contributions

Reinvest in Mutual Funds: Once the ULIP lock-in period ends, redirect funds to equity mutual funds for higher returns.
3. Professional Guidance

Certified Financial Planner (CFP): A CFP can help you choose the right funds and strategies.
4. Emergency Fund

Maintain Liquidity: Keep an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses in a savings account or liquid funds.
Action Steps for a 1 Crore Corpus

Stop New ULIP Investments: Redirect to equity mutual funds.
Review and Switch PSU Direct Fund: Consider regular funds with CFP guidance.
Reduce Digital Gold Investment: Reallocate to equity mutual funds.
Prioritize Loan Repayment: Focus on clearing the personal loan first.
Increase SIPs in Equity Mutual Funds: Once loans are repaid, increase SIP contributions.
Regular Review

Regularly review your investment portfolio and adjust as needed. Stay informed about market trends and consult with a CFP for ongoing advice.

Final Insights

To achieve your first crore, focus on equity mutual funds, reduce investments in ULIPs and digital gold, and prioritize loan repayments. Regularly review and adjust your investments with the guidance of a Certified Financial Planner.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Hi Team My before tax salary is roughly 5.6 lakh per month and I am hoping to get 3.75 in had (after tax and pf cut) I just took a car loan and planning to secure home loan which will cost me 1.25 lakh per month together. My monthly expenses are 1 lakh roughly That's leaves me another 1.5 lakh which I need to invest I am confused between keeping that in savings account for sbi max saver to pay lower intreste along Or Invest lakh into MF and rest 50 in max savings. Which option would be better and if I choose to go with MF options can you suggest few MF to balance my portfolio Thanks in advance
Ans: You have a before-tax salary of Rs 5.6 lakh per month and an after-tax salary of Rs 3.75 lakh. Your car loan and planned home loan together cost Rs 1.25 lakh per month. Your monthly expenses are roughly Rs 1 lakh. This leaves you with Rs 1.5 lakh for investments.

Evaluating Investment Options
You are considering whether to keep money in a savings account like SBI Max Saver or invest in mutual funds (MF). Let’s evaluate these options.

Savings Account (SBI Max Saver)
The SBI Max Saver account allows you to save on interest by offsetting your home loan balance with your savings.

Benefits: Reduces interest on home loan, offers liquidity, and safe.
Drawbacks: Lower returns compared to mutual funds.
Mutual Funds
Mutual funds offer the potential for higher returns through various investment options, but with higher risk compared to savings accounts.

Benefits: Higher returns, variety of options, and long-term growth.
Drawbacks: Market risk, not as liquid as savings account.
Suggested Investment Strategy
Hybrid Approach
A hybrid approach can balance the benefits of both options.

Invest Rs 1 lakh in Mutual Funds: For higher returns.
Keep Rs 50,000 in SBI Max Saver: For liquidity and interest offset.
Benefits of a Hybrid Approach
Risk Management: Diversifies risk between safe savings and higher-return investments.
Liquidity: Ensures you have liquid funds for emergencies.
Debt Reduction: Helps in reducing home loan interest through SBI Max Saver.
Choosing Mutual Funds
Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform the market with strategic decisions by professional fund managers.

Professional Management: Expert fund managers handle your investments.
Flexibility: Adapt to market changes effectively.
Suggested Allocation for Mutual Funds
Large-Cap Funds: For stability and steady returns.
Mid-Cap Funds: For growth potential.
Small-Cap Funds: For higher returns but with more risk.
Balanced Funds: For a mix of equity and debt.
Investment Allocation
Monthly Allocation
Allocate Rs 1 lakh across different mutual funds through SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans).

Large-Cap SIP: Rs 40,000
Mid-Cap SIP: Rs 30,000
Small-Cap SIP: Rs 20,000
Balanced SIP: Rs 10,000
Diversification
Diversify your investments to reduce risk and enhance returns.

Sectoral Diversification: Invest across various sectors.
Geographical Diversification: Consider international funds for global exposure.
Regular Monitoring and Review
Review your investment portfolio regularly to ensure it aligns with your goals. Make adjustments based on market conditions and personal financial changes.

Quarterly Reviews: Assess performance and adjust as needed.
Final Insights
Balancing your investments between SBI Max Saver and mutual funds can provide both liquidity and higher returns. Invest Rs 1 lakh in a diversified portfolio of mutual funds and keep Rs 50,000 in the SBI Max Saver account to reduce your home loan interest. Regularly review your investments to stay on track with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 19, 2024Hindi
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Money
Hello, Good day I am 38 years old, living in Bangalore. Married with no kids (don't plan on having any either) and a dog. I earn about 1.3L per month, no liabilities/loans & own my own house valued around 3.5 Cr. I have about 1.2L invested in the share market since I am new to it, about 23 L invested into mutual funds with an SIP of 40k per month, 13L in EPF and I have about 4L saved as emergency funds invested in SBI Ultra short duration fund and about 40 L in gold assets. I also pay a premium of 2L per year towards Tata aia life insurance - Smart Income Plus wihich will give a regular payout by 2027. My monthly expenses come to around 60k ( without SIP's and Premiums), our house expenses are shared between me and my wife. I will be inheriting a sum of around 4.2 Cr shortly and need advise on how best to make this work for me and my retirement. I would like to retire between the age of 45 to 47 yo. My expectation from this inheritance is to get an additional income of 2L per month and for the capital to grow at a reasonable rate of about 8 to 10 % post the 2L payout. My resk apperite is medum to moderate and would like to protect atleast the capital. Kindly Advise.
Ans: Financial Assessment
You are 38 years old with no children and a dog. You earn Rs. 1.3 lakh per month and own a house worth Rs. 3.5 crore. Your investments include:

Rs. 1.2 lakh in the share market
Rs. 23 lakh in mutual funds with Rs. 40,000 SIP per month
Rs. 13 lakh in EPF
Rs. 4 lakh in an emergency fund in an ultra-short duration fund
Rs. 40 lakh in gold assets
Rs. 2 lakh per year in Tata AIA Life Insurance - Smart Income Plus
You will inherit Rs. 4.2 crore and wish to retire by 45-47 years with an additional monthly income of Rs. 2 lakh and capital growth of 8-10%.

Current Investment Strategy
Share Market
Advantages:

Potential for high returns.

Diversifies your portfolio.

Disadvantages:

High volatility.

Requires active management.

Mutual Funds
Advantages:

Professional management.

Diversification across sectors.

Disadvantages:

Management fees.

Market-linked risks.

EPF
Advantages:

Safe and secure.

Tax benefits.

Disadvantages:

Limited liquidity.

Lower returns compared to equities.

Emergency Fund
Advantages:

Provides liquidity.

Low-risk investment.

Disadvantages:

Lower returns.

Limited growth potential.

Gold Assets
Advantages:

Hedge against inflation.

Safe and tangible asset.

Disadvantages:

Limited income generation.

Price volatility.

Life Insurance
Advantages:

Provides life cover.

Future regular payouts.

Disadvantages:

High premiums.

Limited investment growth.

Recommendations for Inherited Funds
Equity Mutual Funds
Invest a portion in equity mutual funds for growth.

Allocation: Rs. 1.5 crore

Reason: Potential for high returns.

Strategy: Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds.

Debt Mutual Funds
Invest in debt mutual funds for stability.

Allocation: Rs. 1 crore

Reason: Provides regular income.

Strategy: Choose funds with moderate risk and stable returns.

Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds balance growth and income.

Allocation: Rs. 50 lakh

Reason: Balanced risk and return.

Strategy: Invest in balanced advantage or equity hybrid funds.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Use SWP for regular monthly income.

Allocation: Rs. 1 crore in debt and hybrid funds

Reason: Provides Rs. 2 lakh per month.

Strategy: Set up a SWP to withdraw Rs. 2 lakh monthly.

Diversified Equity Portfolio
Invest a portion in direct equities for potential high returns.

Allocation: Rs. 50 lakh

Reason: Leverage stock market growth.

Strategy: Diversify across different sectors and companies.

Review and Rebalance
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your goals.

Frequency: Quarterly or semi-annually

Adjustments: Based on market conditions and personal goals.

Final Insights
To retire by 45-47 years with an additional Rs. 2 lakh per month, allocate your inherited funds wisely. Invest in a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds. Use a Systematic Withdrawal Plan for regular income. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. This strategy aligns with your financial goals and risk profile, ensuring a secure and prosperous retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 19, 2024Hindi
Money
Hi, sorry it's a very long post My mother is 60year old homemaker(nil income) and father is 68yr old retired govt employee (recieving pension).we are 3 children [2 daughters ( all aged between 30-40yr)]to our parents.All of us are married and earning for our livelihood. We sisters are contributing to parents health insurance and other financial things since we started earning and even after marriage ( as my father is an alcoholic too not looking after the household well).Mother has a property in her name given to her by her father as a gift deed. Father had one house and a plot in his name and some ancestral property. Brother went to abroad for studies in 2018 and came back in 2020. He had a girlfriend since his college days( he married to her in 2022, never had objection from anyone of family members ). Since his arrival, he and his girlfriend started involving in all financial matters of my maternal house to the extent he was using my father's debit card for his own use( father says he has given card to brother willfully). Brother wanted to construct a commercial building in my mother's property. He and my father started threatening my mother to register her property ( actually located near Brother's girlfriend house) in name of brother saying if she doesn't agree ,they won't marry off my sister( who got married in 2022 in the presence of grandparents, mother and myself and both my father and brother didn't attend the marriage). They even extracted money from mother's account (which was given now and then to her by me and my sister).During all these process even brother's girlfriend ( wanted a source of income by renting my parents house)also started abusing my mother and involved in all financial matters ( that freedom was given to her by father and brother as my mother was suppressed and we sisters were not aware of things going on). Everything led to the abandonment of my mother who stayed in her friend's place then I brought her to my house. Now after 3 years ( during the course our wellwishers tried counselling and mediation between my father, brother and mother without sisters which didn't work out). my brother got my parents house( and a plot which was in my father's name) registered to his name as a gift deed from my father without informing mother. All the documents of the property gift deeded to my mother by her father is with my brother and father. They are threatening my mother if she enters her own property. Now my mother has no place and income though she had contributed extensively to upliftment of the family all over these years. She ran a grocery store for 15years during which one plot was bought and house was built in that. Another plot was bought after my parents marriage with the help of dowry money given to my father ) but all the properties were registered in my father's name. She has her contribution financially, emotionally and physically. Now doesn't my mother has right to ask back the house and the property given to my brother without her knowledge and to ask for maintenance from my father and also sue all three of them for mental and physical torture..? We sisters want her to lead a peaceful life in her final years of her life.. please guide us.
Ans: Evaluating Your Mother’s Rights

Your mother has been through a lot. Let's explore her legal and financial rights. She deserves to live peacefully in her final years.

Legal Rights Over Property

Your mother owns property gifted by her father. She has full rights over this property. The property can’t be taken without her consent. If your brother and father took documents, this is illegal.

Action Steps for Property

Retrieve Documents: Seek legal help to get back property documents.
Consult a Lawyer: Discuss the possibility of reclaiming the property.
File a Complaint: If threatened, your mother can file a police complaint.
Maintenance from Your Father

Your father has a duty to support your mother. She can claim maintenance from him. This can be done through legal channels.

Action Steps for Maintenance

Seek Legal Advice: A lawyer can help your mother file for maintenance.
Family Court: File a petition in family court for maintenance.
Right to Ancestral Property

Your mother contributed to the family. She can claim a share in ancestral property. The law supports her right to ancestral property.

Action Steps for Ancestral Property

Legal Consultation: Discuss the possibility of claiming ancestral property.
File a Suit: If needed, file a suit for partition of ancestral property.
Mental and Physical Torture

Your mother faced mental and physical torture. This is a serious issue. She can seek legal action against your brother, father, and sister-in-law.

Action Steps for Torture

File a Complaint: Lodge a complaint with the police for harassment.
Protection Orders: Seek protection orders from the court.
Health Insurance and Financial Support

You and your sister have supported your parents. Continue to ensure health insurance coverage. Your mother may need financial support until her rights are restored.

Action Steps for Financial Support

Joint Efforts: Continue supporting your mother financially.
Plan for Future: Set up a fund for your mother’s needs.
Investments for Secure Future

Consider investing in mutual funds for your mother’s secure future. Regular funds with the help of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) are beneficial. Avoid direct funds due to lack of professional advice.

Benefits of Regular Funds

Professional Management: CFPs manage the funds, ensuring optimal returns.
Less Hassle: No need for your mother to manage investments actively.
Tailored Advice: Investments tailored to her risk profile and needs.
Regular Review of Investments

Regularly review investments with a CFP. Adjust them based on your mother’s needs and market conditions. This ensures her financial security.

Final Insights

Your mother has rights over her property. She can claim maintenance from your father and her share in ancestral property. Legal action can be taken for mental and physical torture. Continue supporting her financially and ensure her health insurance coverage. Invest wisely with professional advice for her secure future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5027 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 28, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money
Hi, I'm 30 years old with around 80k in equity. I have a home 27 laksh which I pay 29 and a house rent 25, my wife has a car loan of 25. I get a in hand of 150000 l. I need advice in making investment in equity for next 5 years strategically.
Ans: You are 30 years old with Rs 80,000 in equity investments. You have a home loan of Rs 27 lakh, with an EMI of Rs 29,000, and a house rent of Rs 25,000. Your wife has a car loan with an EMI of Rs 25,000. You receive a net monthly income of Rs 1,50,000.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals
Your primary goal is to invest in equity for the next 5 years strategically. It’s essential to balance your investments with your existing financial obligations.

Current Financial Commitments
Home Loan EMI: Rs 29,000
House Rent: Rs 25,000
Car Loan EMI: Rs 25,000
Available Income for Investment
After accounting for your fixed commitments, you have Rs 71,000 left monthly for other expenses and investments.

Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. This should be your first priority before making new investments.

Build Emergency Fund: Rs 5 lakh
Existing Equity Investment
You have Rs 80,000 in equity investments. Review this portfolio regularly and diversify to reduce risk.

Diversify Portfolio: Spread investments across different sectors.
Strategic Equity Investment
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Investing through SIPs is a disciplined approach that averages out market volatility.

Monthly SIP: Allocate a fixed amount monthly.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are managed by professional fund managers. They aim to outperform the market through strategic decisions.

Expert Management: Professional fund managers handle your investments.
Flexibility: Adapt to market changes effectively.
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds track specific market indices but lack active management. They often result in average returns and are less adaptable to market shifts.

Average Returns: May not beat the market.
Less Flexibility: Limited response to market conditions.
Investing Through a Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides tailored investment strategies. They help in regular portfolio reviews and adjustments.

Personalized Advice: Tailored to your financial goals.
Regular Reviews: Ensure your investments stay aligned with your goals.
Suggested Allocation for Equity Investments
Large-Cap Funds: For stability and steady returns.
Mid-Cap Funds: For growth potential.
Small-Cap Funds: For higher returns but with more risk.
Investment Allocation
Monthly Allocation
Allocate a portion of your monthly income to different equity funds through SIPs.

Large-Cap SIP: Rs 10,000
Mid-Cap SIP: Rs 5,000
Small-Cap SIP: Rs 5,000
Lump Sum Investment
Consider lump sum investments when the market dips to take advantage of lower prices.

Monitor Market Trends: Invest during market corrections.
Diversification
Diversify your investments to reduce risk and enhance returns.

Sectoral Diversification: Invest across various sectors.
Geographical Diversification: Consider international funds for global exposure.
Regular Monitoring and Review
Review your investment portfolio regularly to ensure it aligns with your goals. Make adjustments based on market conditions and personal financial changes.

Quarterly Reviews: Assess performance and adjust as needed.
Tax Planning
Optimize your tax savings through strategic investments.

Tax-saving Instruments: Utilize options like ELSS for tax benefits under Section 80C.
Insurance Coverage
Ensure adequate life and health insurance coverage for your family.

Life Insurance: Term insurance to cover financial liabilities.
Health Insurance: Comprehensive health coverage.
Debt Repayment Strategy
Prioritize repaying high-interest debts to reduce financial burden.

Focus on Car Loan: Pay off early if possible.
Final Insights
Strategically investing in equity over the next 5 years requires a balanced and diversified approach. Increase your SIPs, diversify your portfolio, and use the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner. Regularly review and adjust your investments to stay on track with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Anu

Anu Krishna  |1043 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

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Relationship
My girlfriend has lot of expectations on How I must react to certain situations. I try my best to do it , but there is always one day where I don't have control on reacting the same as she wishes it , and then we fight and she keeps reminding me my mistakes from the past. I say sorry , she says she doesn't consider my sorries. I forgive her for whatever serious she says in fight. But then again after few days everything becomes normal. I am confused what should be done. Is it okay that I behave according to her expectations or what. Because I don't want to lose her. I have always discussed that the way I behave is my natural nature but she keeps me correcting. She accepts her mistakes even I do too. But now since these incidents often once a month. I am asking you what I must do in such situations where it's not in my hand it seems to behave in certain way as expected by her
Ans: Dear Govinda,
Well, all of us have expectations from each other, don't we?
But some expectations are realistic and some are unrealistic. Any expectation that starts to change the other person, control them, dictate their behavior is almost toxic and not healthy in the long run.
Some expectations like requesting the other person to take care of their health, finances, advice on work and family that attempts to see them in a better space is healthy and necessary.

So, where does your girlfriend's expectation fall into?
It's possible that because it's leading to constant fights, you are certainly not happy about her control about this. Then voice it out and state clearly that you would not like to change for her but only change for yourself and for the better. This may hurt her and there might be a lot of drama around it...but, if she is willing to look at the relationship maturely with you as an equal partner, there will no more fights and expectations around things that bother you.
Sit down together; tell her how this is affecting you and the relationship. There maybe little expectations that maybe good for you and the relationship. Be thankful for those.

But, the bigger ones are the ones that are bothersome and yes, your girlfriend must know about it. Instead of confronting, be firm and gentle and she may very well understand the whole scenario. This will also help you in situations where she expects something and it does not happen and yet she will be okay with it. So, have that clear communication for better understanding. Is this possible? Yes, provided the two of you work at this together not confronting but managing it.

All the best!
Anu Krishna
Mind Coach|NLP Trainer|Author
Drop in: www.unfear.io
Reach me: Facebook: anukrish07/ AND LinkedIn: anukrishna-joyofserving/

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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