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Moneywize

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Answered on Jul 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 22, 2024Hindi
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I have resigned from my company. Please advise about how I can withdraw my PF amount. The company from which I resigned has given me an inactive UAN? How do I solve my problem?
Ans: To withdraw your Provident Fund (PF) amount, follow these steps:

Step 1: Activate Your UAN

1. Visit the EPFO Member Portal:

• Go to EPFO Member Portal.

2. Activate UAN:

• Click on “Activate UAN”
• Enter your UAN, Member ID, Aadhaar, PAN, Name, Date of Birth, Mobile Number, and Email ID.
• Click on “Get Authorisation PIN” and enter the PIN received on your mobile to activate your UAN.

Step 2: Check Your PF Balance

1. Login to UAN Member Portal:

• Use your UAN and password to log in.

2. View Passbook:

• Go to the “View Passbook” section to check your PF balance.

Step 3: Update KYC Details

1. Update KYC Information:

• In the UAN portal, go to “Manage” > “KYC”.
• Update your Aadhaar, PAN, Bank details, and other KYC information.
• Ensure your KYC details are verified by your employer.

Step 4: Submit Withdrawal Claim

1. Online Withdrawal:

• Once your KYC details are updated and verified, go to “Online Services” > “Claim (Form-31, 19 & 10C)”.
• Verify your bank account details and click on “Proceed for Online Claim”.
• Select the type of claim you need (full PF settlement, pension withdrawal, etc.).
• Fill in the necessary details and submit the claim.

2. Offline Withdrawal (if Online isn't possible):

• Download Form 19 (for PF withdrawal) and Form 10C (for pension withdrawal) from the EPFO website.
• Fill out the forms and attach necessary documents (Aadhaar, PAN, cancelled cheque, etc.).
• Submit the forms to the regional EPFO office or through your previous employer.

Troubleshooting Inactive UAN Issues

1. Contact EPFO:

• If your UAN is inactive, contact EPFO through their helpline number or email.
• You can also visit the nearest EPFO office for assistance.

2. Employer Assistance:

• Contact your previous employer’s HR department to activate your UAN and update your details.

By following these steps, you should be able to successfully withdraw your PF amount. If you encounter any issues, visiting the EPFO office for direct assistance is a good option.
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Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
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Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?
Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.

Recommendation:

Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.
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Answered on Jun 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 17, 2024Hindi
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I want to give 30 lakh to my parents for them to open senior citizen savings scheme. The interest will be used for their monthly expenses. How to deal with the tax for this? I want to avoid paying tax on this.
Ans: When you give money to your parents, it's considered a gift. In India, gifts given to specified relatives (including parents) are not taxable in the hands of either the giver or the receiver. However, the interest income earned from the investment in the Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS) will be taxable in the hands of your parents.

Here's a detailed breakdown of how to handle the tax implications:

1. Gifting the Money:

No Tax on Gift: Suppose, if you give Rs 30 lakh to your parents, this amount is not taxable as it falls under the exempted category of gifts to specified relatives under Section 56(2)(x) of the Income Tax Act.

2. Investing in SCSS:

Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS): Your parents can invest the gifted money in the SCSS, which is designed for senior citizens and offers attractive interest rates.

• Interest Income: The interest earned on the SCSS investment will be taxable in the hands of your parents. The current interest rate on SCSS is around 7.4% per annum (this rate may vary, so check the latest rate at the time of investment).

3. Tax Implications for Parents:

• Interest Income Taxation: The interest income earned from SCSS will be added to your parents' total income and taxed according to their applicable income tax slabs.
• Section 80TTB Deduction: Senior citizens can claim a deduction of up to Rs 50,000 on interest income from deposits (including SCSS) under Section 80TTB.

4. Tax-Saving Tips:

• Splitting the Investment: If both parents are eligible senior citizens, you can split the Rs 30 lakh equally between them. Each parent can invest Rs 15 lakh in their respective SCSS accounts, potentially reducing the taxable interest income for each.
• Other Deductions: Ensure your parents claim all other eligible deductions under the Income Tax Act, such as medical expenses (Section 80D) and standard deductions.

Example Calculation:

• Investment: Rs 30 lakh (Rs 15 lakh in each parent's SCSS account).
• Annual Interest: Suppose the interest rate is 7.4%, the annual interest income will be Rs 2,22,000 (Rs 1,11,000 per parent).
• Taxable Income: After claiming the Rs 50,000 deduction under Section 80TTB, the taxable interest income for each parent will be Rs 61,000.
• Tax Payable: If your parents' total income, including this interest, is within the basic exemption limit (which is Rs 3 lakh for senior citizens and Rs 5 lakh for super senior citizens), they may not have to pay any tax. If their total income exceeds these limits, the interest income will be taxed according to their applicable tax slabs.

Conclusion:

By giving the money as a gift to your parents and having them invest in the SCSS, you avoid paying tax on the gift itself. However, the interest earned from the SCSS will be taxable in their hands. Splitting the investment between both parents and utilizing available deductions can help minimise the tax burden.
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Answered on Jun 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 18, 2024Hindi
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I have long term capital loss on property but long term capital gain from investments in stocks. Can LTCG on equity offset against LTCL on property?
Ans: In India, the Income Tax Act has specific provisions for the treatment of capital gains and losses. Here’s how it generally works:

1. Same Category Set-Off: Long-term capital losses (LTCL) can only be set off against long-term capital gains (LTCG). Similarly, short-term capital losses (STCL) can only be set off against short-term capital gains (STCG) or LTCG.

2. Carry Forward of Losses: If the capital loss cannot be fully set off in the same financial year, it can be carried forward for up to eight assessment years immediately succeeding the assessment year in which the loss was first computed. However, the carried-forward losses can only be set off against long-term capital gains in subsequent years.

Specific Case: LTCL on Property and LTCG on Stocks

• Long-term capital loss (LTCL) from property: This is a loss incurred on the sale of a property held for more than 24 months.
• Long-term capital gain (LTCG) from equity investments: This refers to gains from the sale of equity shares or equity mutual funds held for more than 12 months, which are subject to specific tax rates.

According to Indian tax laws:

• Set-Off: Yes, you can set off your long-term capital losses from the sale of property against your long-term capital gains from the sale of equity investments (stocks).

Example Scenario:

• LTCL from Property: Rs 10,00,000
• LTCG from Equity Investments: Rs 8,00,000

Here’s how you can handle it:

• Offset the Rs 8,00,000 LTCG from equity investments with Rs 8,00,000 of the Rs 10,00,000 LTCL from property.
• You will have Rs 2,00,000 of LTCL remaining, which you can carry forward for up to eight assessment years.

Filing and Reporting:

• Schedule CG: You need to report these transactions in Schedule CG of your Income Tax Return (ITR).
• Carry Forward Loss: Ensure you file your tax return before the due date to be eligible to carry forward the loss.

Key Points

• Tax Rates: LTCG on equity shares and equity mutual funds exceeding Rs 1 lakh is taxed at 10% without the benefit of indexation.
• Documentation: Keep all transaction records, such as purchase price, sale price, dates, and related costs.

It is advisable to consult a tax professional or financial advisor to ensure compliance with current tax laws and to optimise your tax planning strategy.
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Answered on Jun 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi
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I'm an NRI residing in New York. I'm confused about the tax regulations in both the USA and India. How can I ensure I'm compliant with tax regulations in both the countries and what should I watch out for?
Ans: Navigating tax regulations as a Non-Resident Indian (NRI) living in New York involves understanding the tax systems of both the United States and India. Here's a comprehensive guide to help you ensure compliance with tax regulations in both countries:

Understanding Tax Residency

United States:

• Resident Alien vs. Non-Resident Alien: For tax purposes, you are considered a resident alien if you pass the Green Card Test or the Substantial Presence Test.
• Substantial Presence Test: You must be physically present in the US for at least 31 days during the current year and 183 days over the past three years, calculated using a specific formula.

India:

• NRI Status: You are considered an NRI if you have spent less than 182 days in India during the financial year or less than 365 days in the preceding four years plus less than 60 days in the current year.

Filing Requirements

In the USA:

• Federal Taxes: File Form 1040 if you are a resident alien, reporting worldwide income. Non-resident aliens file Form 1040-NR.
• State Taxes: Depending on New York state regulations, you may need to file a state tax return.
• Foreign Accounts: If you have foreign bank accounts with a total value exceeding $10,000 at any time during the year, you must file FinCEN Form 114 (FBAR).

In India:

• Income Taxes: File ITR-2 if you have income from sources outside India and are an NRI. Report only income earned or accrued in India unless specified otherwise by the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA).
• TDS (Tax Deducted at Source): Ensure that TDS is correctly deducted on income from India (e.g., rent, dividends).

Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA)

The DTAA between India and the USA aims to avoid double taxation on income earned in both countries. Key points include:

• Tax Credits: You can claim a tax credit in one country for taxes paid in the other.
• Reduced Rates: Certain types of income (e.g., dividends, royalties) may be taxed at reduced rates.

Specific Considerations

1. Global Income Reporting:

• In the USA, you must report your global income.
• In India, you report income earned in India if you are an NRI.

2. Foreign Tax Credit (FTC):

• Claim FTC in the USA for taxes paid in India on income taxed in both countries.

3. Investments:

• USA: Be aware of Passive Foreign Investment Company (PFIC) rules for investments in foreign mutual funds.
• India: Ensure compliance with the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) for investments in India.

4. Foreign Assets Reporting:

• USA: Report foreign financial assets exceeding specific thresholds using Form 8938.
• India: NRIs with certain specified foreign assets must file Schedule FA with their Indian tax return.

5. Estate and Gift Taxes:

• USA: Be aware of gift and estate tax rules if you transfer assets to or from India.

Steps to Ensure Compliance

1. Maintain Records:

• Keep detailed records of income earned, taxes paid, and days spent in each country.

2. Consult a Tax Professional:

• Engage a tax advisor experienced in international taxation to help navigate the complexities.

3. Regularly Review Tax Regulations:

• Stay updated on tax law changes in both countries.

4. Utilise Software and Tools:

• Use tax software that handles international taxation for accurate reporting and compliance.

By following these guidelines and seeking professional assistance, you can ensure compliance with tax regulations in both the USA and India.
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Answered on Jun 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 08, 2024Hindi
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I have a HDFC SL Youngstar Super Policy since 2010 and I have been paying Rs 25000 annually. Is it okay to continue or can you suggest a better option? Please suggest few names.
Ans: Deciding whether to continue with your current HDFC SL Youngstar Super Policy or to switch to a different option depends on several factors, including your financial goals, the policy's performance, and the benefits it provides. Here are a few steps you can take to make an informed decision:

1. Evaluate Your Current Policy:

• Performance: Review the policy’s performance since 2010. How has it grown? Is it meeting your expectations in terms of returns?
• Benefits: What are the key benefits of the HDFC SL Youngstar Super Policy? Does it provide life insurance, investment benefits, and other features you need?
• Charges and Fees: Understand the charges associated with the policy (e.g., premium allocation charges, policy administration charges, fund management charges).

2. Compare with Other Options:

Consider comparing your current policy with other financial products that can offer similar or better benefits. Here are a few alternatives:

Term Insurance + Mutual Funds:

• Term Insurance: Provides pure risk cover without any investment component. It's usually cheaper than ULIPs (Unit Linked Insurance Plans).
• Examples: HDFC Click 2 Protect, ICICI Prudential iProtect Smart, Max Life Online Term Plan Plus.

• Mutual Funds: For investment purposes, consider investing in mutual funds for potentially higher returns.
• Examples: Axis Bluechip Fund, Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund, SBI Small Cap Fund, HDFC Hybrid Equity Fund.

Public Provident Fund (PPF):

• A long-term investment option with tax benefits and guaranteed returns. It's a good option for risk-averse investors.

National Pension System (NPS):

• A government-backed retirement savings scheme with tax benefits and market-linked returns. Suitable for long-term retirement planning.

Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS):

• Mutual funds that offer tax benefits under Section 80C and have the potential for high returns.
• Examples: Axis Long Term Equity Fund, Mirae Asset Tax Saver Fund, Aditya Birla Sun Life Tax Relief 96.

3. Assess Your Risk Appetite and Goals:

• Risk Tolerance: Are you comfortable with market-linked products (mutual funds, ULIPs) or do you prefer guaranteed returns (PPF, fixed deposits)?
• Financial Goals: What are your financial goals (e.g., child’s education, retirement)? Choose products that align with these goals.

4. Consult a Financial Advisor:

It’s always a good idea to consult with a financial advisor who can provide personalised advice based on your entire financial situation.

Summary:

• If your HDFC SL Youngstar Super Policy has not performed well or if the charges are high, consider alternatives like term insurance combined with mutual funds for better returns and flexibility.
• For risk-averse investors, PPF or NPS might be suitable options.
• Always align your investments with your financial goals and risk tolerance.
• Carefully assess these factors before making a decision. If needed, get professional advice to ensure your financial plans are on the right track.
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Answered on Jun 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 30, 2024Hindi
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I frequently invest money in these funds. a. Quant active fund b. Quant flexicap fund c. Quant small cap fund d. Mirae asset emerging bluechip fund. I invest approximately Rs 24000 every month in these four funds. Are these good for creating a corpus of Rs 25 lakh in 15 years or do I need to go for some other funds?
Ans: To determine if your current investments will help you achieve a corpus of Rs 25 lakh in 15 years, we need to consider several factors: the expected rate of return on your investments, the consistency of your monthly contributions, and the power of compounding.

Here's a step-by-step approach:

1. Monthly Investment: Rs 24,000
2. Investment Duration: 15 years
3. Expected Rate of Return: This varies by fund, but let's use a conservative estimate based on historical performance. Equity mutual funds in India have historically provided an average return of about 12-15% annually. For a conservative estimate, we'll use 12%.

Calculation:

Using the formula for the future value of a series of monthly investments (an annuity), we can calculate the future value of your investments.

The formula is:

FV=P× [(1+r)(power of n) – 1/r] × (1+r)

Where:

• FV is the future value of the investment.
• P is the monthly investment amount.
• r is the monthly rate of return (annual rate divided by 12).
• n is the total number of investments (months).

Calculation with Python

Let's perform this calculation using Python for precision.

Based on the calculation, with a monthly investment of Rs 24,000 over 15 years at an expected annual return of 12%, the future value of your investments would be approximately Rs 1.21 crore (Rs 1,21,09,824).

Conclusion:
• Your current investment plan is well above your target corpus of Rs 25 lakh in 15 years, given the assumed rate of return of 12%.
• Even if the returns are slightly lower, say around 10%, you would still comfortably exceed your target.

Fund Analysis:

• Quant Active Fund
• Quant Flexicap Fund
• Quant Small Cap Fund
• Mirae Asset Emerging Bluechip Fund

These funds have generally performed well historically, but it's always important to review their performance periodically. Diversifying across different fund categories (large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, flexi-cap) helps in balancing the risk and returns.

Recommendations:

1. Continue Monitoring: Keep track of the performance of these funds and the market conditions. Adjust if necessary.
2. Diversification: Ensure your portfolio is diversified across different asset classes to manage risk.
3. Review Periodically: Review your investments at least annually to ensure they are aligned with your financial goals.

In conclusion, your current investment plan looks robust and is set to exceed your target corpus significantly, provided the market performs in line with historical averages.
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Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 12, 2024Hindi
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I purchased an NSC in 2018 and paid tax every year for the interest on accrual basis. But it seems from last year, post offices are providing data to AIS on receipt basis, that is, whole amount of interest on maturity. What happens to the money I paid as taxes in previous years on the same basis? How do I adjust them? Please help as many people I now face this issue.
Ans: You're right! The tax treatment of NSC interest can be confusing. Here's what you need to know:

Good news: The taxes you've paid on the accrued interest in previous years are valid. You don't need to adjust them.

Why?

The Income Tax department in India treats interest earned on NSCs on an accrual basis, even though the interest is paid out at maturity. This means you were correct to pay taxes on the accrued interest every year.

What about the data mismatch with AIS?

The post office might now be reporting the entire interest on maturity to the Annual Information Statement (AIS). This can create a discrepancy.

How to handle it?

• You don't need to file any corrections for previous years.
• When filing your current year's return, consider the following:

1. If you consistently claimed the accrued interest as income in previous years, only report the interest for the final year (maturity year) in your current return. This avoids double taxation.
2. You can file feedback in the AIS portal mentioning that the interest for the previous years was already offered for tax purposes. This helps in clarifying the situation.

Additional tips:

• It's advisable to maintain records of your previous tax returns where you declared the accrued interest.
• If you have any concerns, consult a tax advisor for personalized guidance specific to your situation.

This is a common issue faced by many NSC holders. By following these steps, you can ensure your tax filing remains accurate.
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Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 09, 2024Hindi
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Kindly review my SIPs. Are these good for long term investment? Kotak Multicap Fund – Rs 6500 pm HDFC Smallcap Direct – Rs 6500 pm SBI Bluechip Fund Direct Growth - Rs 6500 pm UTI Aggressive Hybrid Fund - Rs 6500 pm HDFC Mid Cap Opportunities - Rs 6500 pm Total investment is Rs 32500 pm.
Ans: Your Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) reflect a diversified portfolio spread across different types of equity funds. Here’s a detailed review of each fund, along with considerations for long-term investment:

1. Kotak Multicap Fund – Rs 6500 pm

• Type: Multicap Fund
• Pros: Offers a diversified exposure across large, mid, and small cap stocks, which helps in balancing risk and returns. These funds are versatile and can adapt to different market conditions.
• Cons: Performance can vary significantly based on market trends and the fund manager's strategy.

2. HDFC Smallcap Direct – Rs 6500 pm

• Type: Small Cap Fund
• Pros: Small cap funds have the potential for high returns as they invest in emerging companies with growth potential.
• Cons: High risk due to volatility and lower liquidity. Suitable for investors with a high risk tolerance and long-term horizon.

3. SBI Bluechip Fund Direct Growth - Rs 6500 pm

• Type: Large Cap Fund
• Pros: Invests in established companies with stable performance. Lower risk compared to mid and small cap funds.
• Cons: Generally, returns are moderate but stable, which might be lower than mid and small cap funds in a bull market.

4. UTI Aggressive Hybrid Fund - Rs 6500 pm

• Type: Hybrid Fund (Aggressive)
• Pros: Balances risk by investing in a mix of equities and debt instruments. Potential for moderate returns with lower volatility compared to pure equity funds.
• Cons: Equity portion can still be volatile, and the debt portion may provide lower returns compared to pure equity funds.

5. HDFC Mid Cap Opportunities - Rs 6500 pm

• Type: Mid Cap Fund
• Pros: Mid cap funds have the potential for higher returns than large cap funds and are less volatile than small cap funds. They invest in companies with growth potential.
• Cons: Riskier than large cap funds but less so than small cap funds. Market conditions can affect performance significantly.

Portfolio Analysis:

• Diversification: Your portfolio is well-diversified across different market capitalisations (large cap, mid cap, and small cap) and fund types (multicap and hybrid), which helps in spreading risk.
• Risk Profile: The inclusion of small cap and mid cap funds increases the overall risk but also the potential for higher returns. The hybrid fund adds a layer of stability with its debt component.
• Investment Horizon: For long-term investments (5-10 years or more), this mix is generally good as it allows time for the more volatile small and mid cap funds to realise their growth potential.
• Monthly Contribution: A total of Rs 32,500 pm is a substantial and consistent investment, which is beneficial for compounding and wealth creation over time.

Recommendations:

• Monitor Performance: Regularly review the performance of these funds. While long-term investments should not be changed frequently, it's important to ensure that the funds are performing in line with your expectations and market conditions.
• Fund Manager Changes: Keep an eye on any changes in the fund management team, as this can impact fund performance.
• Rebalance Portfolio: Periodically rebalance your portfolio based on life goals, market conditions, and performance of the funds.
• Risk Tolerance: Assess your risk tolerance periodically. If your risk appetite decreases, consider shifting some investments from high-risk funds (like small and mid caps) to more stable options (like large caps or hybrid funds).

Overall, your SIPs appear well-thought-out and suitable for long-term investment, provided you are comfortable with the associated risks and actively monitor your portfolio.
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Answered on Jun 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 02, 2024Hindi
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I had taken SBI Life Insurance Policy Retire Smart LP for 10 lakh with @1 lakh premium paid every year. Policy was taken in March 2021, and it was given that I could close this policy after five years without penalty. I had paid 5 lakh as premium in this policy and the present fund value is about 5.70 lakh. Kindly advice about the decision I can take for this policy after completing five years. My Age is 64 now.
Ans: You're approaching your policy's maturity date in March 2026, and here are some options to consider for your SBI Life Retire Smart LP policy:

Understanding the Policy:

• Guaranteed Benefit: This policy guarantees 101% of your total paid premium on maturity. In your case, that's Rs 5,05,000 (1.01*Rs 5 lakh).
• Market Performance: The current fund value of Rs 5.70 lakh reflects how the units you invested in have performed in the market.

Decision Points at Maturity (March 2026):

• Surrender the Policy: You can receive the fund value (Rs 5.70 lakh) along with any guaranteed additions or terminal bonuses offered by SBI Life. However, check the policy documents for any surrender charges that might apply.
• Annuitise the Corpus: This option allows you to convert the total corpus (fund value + guaranteed additions) into a regular income stream through an annuity plan from SBI Life. This provides a guaranteed income but limits access to the principal amount.
• Continue the Policy (if allowed): Check with SBI Life if you have the option to extend the policy term. This allows the fund value to potentially grow further through market gains, but you'll continue paying premiums.

Choosing the Right Option:

Since I cannot give financial advice, here's how to make an informed decision:

• Review Policy Documents: Look for details on surrender charges, guaranteed additions, and the option to extend the policy.
• Contact SBI Life: Talk to your SBI Life advisor or customer care to understand the specific benefits and charges associated with each option.

Consider Your Needs:

• Retirement Income Needs: Do you need a guaranteed income stream (Annuity) or are you comfortable with some market risk for potentially higher returns (Continuing the Policy)?
• Other Retirement Savings: Do you have other sources of retirement income, like a pension or investments?
• Medical Needs: Factor in any potential medical expenses that might require a larger corpus.

Additional Tips:

• Market Performance: Consider the current market conditions. If the market is expected to perform well, continuing the policy might be beneficial.
• Risk Tolerance: How comfortable are you with market fluctuations? Annuities offer stability, while continuing the policy exposes you to market risks.

By carefully evaluating these factors and talking with SBI Life, you can make the best decision to secure your financial future in retirement.
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Answered on Jun 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 26, 2024Hindi
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I have submitted my Form 15 in April 2023 as my income is below taxable income against interest received on my bank FDs. Bank has not deducted any TDS up to September 2023 but from October 2023 started deducting TDS on FD interest saying that interest on FDs has crossed the limit of 5 lakh. So as per IT rules should TDS be deducted?
Ans: You're right. Based on IT rules, TDS on FD interest might not have been applicable in your case. Here's a breakdown:

• TDS on FD Interest: There's no TDS deduction if the total interest earned from all your FDs with a bank is less than Rs 40,000 in a financial year. This limit is Rs 50,000 for senior citizens (aged 60 years and above).
• Form 15G/15H: By submitting Form 15G (for individuals below 60) or 15H (for senior citizens) in April 2023, you declared your income to be below the taxable limit. This should have exempted TDS on FD interest for the entire financial year (April 2023 - March 2024).

Possible Reasons for TDS Deduction:

• Crossed Interest Limit Misunderstanding: The bank might have mistakenly considered the total interest earned across all your FDs for the entire financial year (April 2023 - March 2024) and deducted TDS once it exceeded Rs 40,000 (or Rs 50,000 for senior citizens) from October 2023 onwards.
• Form 15 Not Processed: There's a chance your Form 15G/15H wasn't processed correctly by the bank.

Resolving the Issue:

• Contact the Bank: Reach out to your bank's customer care or branch manager and explain the situation. Mention you submitted Form 15G/15H and your income is below the taxable limit.
• Provide Documents: If needed, share a copy of your Form 15G/15H submission proof.

The bank should investigate and potentially reverse the deducted TDS.

Additional Notes:

• It's good practice to keep a copy of any forms submitted for future reference.
• If you still face issues, consider seeking guidance from a tax consultant.
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Answered on Jun 01, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 23, 2024Hindi
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I have Rs 80000 as extra income every month which I want to invest in good MFs. Pease give me five such good SIPs where I can invest Rs 16,000 every month for the next five years.
Ans: Investing in Mutual Funds (MFs) through Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) is a smart way to grow your wealth over time. Here are five recommended mutual funds that are considered good for SIP investments based on their past performance, fund management, and portfolio composition. Always remember to review your investment choices periodically and consider consulting with a financial advisor to tailor the recommendations to your specific financial goals and risk tolerance.

1. Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund

• Category: Large Cap
• Investment Objective: To generate long-term capital appreciation by primarily investing in a diversified portfolio of large-cap stocks.
• Why Recommended: Consistent performance with a strong track record of outperforming its benchmark.

2. Axis Bluechip Fund

• Category: Large Cap
• Investment Objective: To achieve long-term capital growth by investing predominantly in equity and equity-related securities of large-cap companies.
• Why Recommended: Strong focus on quality companies with sustainable business models, offering potential for steady returns.

3. SBI Small Cap Fund

• Category: Small Cap
• Investment Objective: To provide investors with opportunities for long-term growth in capital by investing predominantly in a well-diversified basket of small-cap companies.
• Why Recommended: Potential for high returns given the growth prospects of small-cap companies, though with higher risk.

4. HDFC Mid-Cap Opportunities Fund
• Category: Mid Cap
• Investment Objective: To generate long-term capital appreciation by investing predominantly in mid-cap companies.
• Why Recommended: Consistent track record of identifying mid-cap companies with high growth potential.

5. ICICI Prudential Equity & Debt Fund

• Category: Hybrid (Aggressive Hybrid)
• Investment Objective: To generate long-term capital appreciation and current income by investing in a mix of equity and debt securities.
• Why Recommended: Balanced exposure to both equity and debt, reducing risk while aiming for steady growth.

Investment Strategy

• Monthly Investment: Rs 16,000 in each fund.
• Investment Period: 5 years.

Summary of Monthly SIP Allocation

• Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund: Rs 16,000
• Axis Bluechip Fund: Rs 16,000
• SBI Small Cap Fund: Rs 16,000
• HDFC Mid-Cap Opportunities Fund: Rs 16,000
• ICICI Prudential Equity & Debt Fund: Rs 16,000

Key Points to Consider

• Risk Appetite: Ensure these funds match your risk tolerance. Large-cap funds tend to be less volatile than mid-cap and small-cap funds.
• Review Performance: Periodically review the performance of your investments. Mutual fund performances can vary, and it’s wise to adjust your portfolio if needed.
• Diversification: The suggested funds offer a good mix of large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and hybrid options, providing diversification across different market segments.
Disclaimer
• Past performance is not indicative of future results. Always consider your financial situation and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.
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Answered on May 30, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 27, 2024Hindi
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I have applied for PF withdrawal but I got an error code with some number. How do I go about withdrawing my PF?
Ans: The error code with a number you received during your PF withdrawal indicates an issue with your application. Unfortunately, without knowing the specific code, it's difficult to pinpoint the exact problem.

Here's how you can proceed:

Identify the Error Code: Look for the error code mentioned in the rejection message. It might be a short numeric code (e.g., 034).

Find the Meaning: There are two main resources to decipher the error code:

• EPFO ECR Error Codes List: This list provides the meaning for various error codes related to Electronic Challan Return (ECR) which is used by companies to submit employee contribution details to the EPFO. You can find it here: [EPFO ECR error codes ON epfindia.gov.in]
• EPFO Annexure 2 Error Codes List: If the error is related to issues with your personal details, this list might be helpful. You can find it here: [EPFO annexure 2 error codes ON epfindia.gov.in]

Resolve the Issue: Once you understand the error code's meaning, you can address the problem. Common reasons for PF withdrawal rejection include:

• Incorrect Bank Details: Mismatched account number, IFSC code, or bank name can lead to rejection. Double-check these details before resubmitting.
• Date Discrepancies: Dates like joining date, exit date, or DoB might have errors. Ensure they are accurate and in the correct format (dd/mm/yyyy).
• Incomplete Information: Missing details like reason for leaving can cause issues. Fill out all required fields.
• Resubmit the Application: After rectifying the error, resubmit your PF withdrawal application online.
• Contact EPFO Helpdesk: If you're still facing issues or need further assistance, you can contact the EPFO through their grievance portal https://epfigms.gov.in/grievance/grievancemaster or call their toll-free number: 1800-118-0055.
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Answered on May 28, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 26, 2024Hindi
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At 50 I want to take a top up mediclaim policy. Although my cholesterol levels are under normal range, my doctor has advised me to take medicine to lower it so as to reduce whatever the risk factor. Should I tell this to my insurance company? What if I do not disclose this and cross the 2-3 years of waiting period before any health complication regarding heart comes up?
Ans: When purchasing a mediclaim policy, it is crucial to disclose all relevant health information to your insurance company, including your current medication for cholesterol, even if your levels are within the normal range. Here's why:

1. Transparency and Honesty: Insurance contracts are based on the principle of utmost good faith (uberrima fides). Failing to disclose complete information can be considered a breach of this principle, potentially leading to the rejection of claims.

2. Pre-existing Conditions: Insurance companies often have specific clauses related to pre-existing conditions and waiting periods. Disclosing your medication helps ensure that your policy accurately reflects your health status, and any pre-existing conditions are appropriately considered.

3. Claim Rejection Risk: If you do not disclose your medication and later file a claim related to a heart condition, the insurance company may investigate your medical history. Discovering that you did not disclose your medication could result in claim denial or policy cancellation, especially if it relates to a condition you were aware of but did not mention.

4. Legal and Financial Repercussions: Non-disclosure can lead to legal and financial consequences, including denied claims and possible penalties, leaving you without coverage when you need it most.

5. Customised Coverage: Providing complete health information enables the insurance company to offer a policy that best suits your needs, potentially providing better coverage options or terms specific to your health situation.

To ensure you are fully covered and avoid complications:

• Disclose All Health Information: When applying for the policy, include all relevant details about your health, including medications and doctor's advice.
• Read the Policy Document Carefully: Understand the terms and conditions, especially regarding pre-existing conditions and waiting periods.
• Consult Your Insurance Agent: If you have any doubts or need clarification, consult your insurance agent or a financial advisor to ensure you are fully informed and compliant.

By being transparent about your health status, you can secure your mediclaim policy effectively and avoid potential issues with future claims.
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Answered on May 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 09, 2024Hindi
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I am totally confused as to which health insurance plan to buy for my family. What are the most important pointers I must know before buying a mediclaim? I want total cashless insurance. My friends tell me that many insurance companies don’t cover all the claims. How will I know about that?
Ans: Choosing the right health insurance plan for your family is crucial, and it's understandable to feel overwhelmed by the options. Here are some important pointers to consider before buying a mediclaim policy:

1. Coverage and Benefits:

• Inpatient Hospitalisation: Ensure the plan covers hospitalisation expenses, including room charges, doctor's fees, surgery, and nursing.
• Pre and Post-Hospitalisation: Look for coverage of medical expenses incurred before and after hospitalisation.
• Daycare Procedures: Check if the policy covers treatments that don't require 24-hour hospitalisation.
• Domiciliary Treatment: Verify if home treatment is covered if hospitalisation is not possible.
• Maternity and Newborn Benefits: If relevant, look for plans that cover maternity expenses and newborn care.

2. Network Hospitals:

• Cashless Facility: Ensure the insurer has a wide network of hospitals offering cashless treatment. This means the insurer pays the hospital directly, reducing your out-of-pocket expenses.
• Hospital Network Size: The larger the network, the better your chances of finding a network hospital near you.

3. Claim Settlement Ratio:

• Research: Check the insurer's claim settlement ratio, which indicates the percentage of claims settled against the total claims received. A higher ratio is preferable.
• Customer Reviews: Look for reviews and testimonials regarding the insurer's claim settlement process.

4. Exclusions and Waiting Periods:

• Pre-existing Diseases: Understand the waiting period for pre-existing conditions.
• Specific Treatments: Check for exclusions related to specific treatments or conditions.
• Waiting Periods: Be aware of initial waiting periods, disease-specific waiting periods, and maternity waiting periods.

5. Sum Insured and Sub-limits:

• Adequate Coverage: Choose a sum insured that adequately covers potential medical expenses.
• Sub-limits: Be cautious of sub-limits on room rent, specific treatments, or diseases, which can limit your claim amount.

6. Premiums and Deductibles:

• Affordable Premiums: Ensure the premiums fit your budget without compromising on coverage.
• Deductibles and Co-payment: Understand any deductibles or co-payment clauses which require you to pay a portion of the expenses.

7. Additional Benefits:

• No Claim Bonus: Some policies offer a bonus for each claim-free year, which can increase your sum insured.
• Free Health Check-ups: Look for plans offering periodic health check-ups.
• Restoration Benefits: Check if the policy offers sum insured restoration in case it gets exhausted during a policy year.

8. Portability and Renewability:

• Policy Portability: Ensure the policy is portable, allowing you to switch insurers without losing benefits.
• Lifetime Renewability: Opt for plans offering lifetime renewability to ensure coverage in older age.

9. Customer Service:

• 24/7 Support: Check if the insurer provides round-the-clock customer support.
• Ease of Process: Evaluate the ease of buying, renewing, and claiming processes.

10. Regulatory Compliance:

• IRDAI Approval: Ensure the insurer and the plan is approved by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).

11. Steps to Verify Coverage and Claims:

• Policy Document: Read the policy document thoroughly for detailed coverage, exclusions, and terms.
• Brochures and Websites: Check the insurer’s official website and brochures for detailed information.
• Customer Service: Contact the insurer’s customer service for any specific queries.
• Independent Reviews: Look for independent reviews and ratings on insurance comparison websites.
• Friends and Family: Gather feedback from friends and family who have experience with the insurer.

By carefully evaluating these factors, you can make an informed decision about the best health insurance plan for your family that meets your needs and offers comprehensive coverage.
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Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
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I recently graduated in my mid-20s with an entry-level job earning Rs 36 lakhs annually. How can I start building a strong financial foundation for the future, considering my current income and career stage?
Ans: Congratulations on graduating and starting your career! That's an exciting time, and with a starting salary of Rs 36 lakh, you're in a good position to build a strong financial foundation for the future. Here are some steps you can take:

1. Track your income and expenses: This is the first crucial step. Understanding where your money goes will help you identify areas to save and budget effectively. There are many budgeting apps and spreadsheets available to help you with this.

2. Create a budget: Once you've tracked your expenses for a month or two, categorise them into needs (rent, groceries, transportation), wants (entertainment, dining out), and debt repayments. Aim to allocate a higher percentage towards needs and debt repayment, and a smaller percentage towards wants.

3. Build an emergency fund: Having an emergency fund of 3-6 months' worth of living expenses will act as a safety net for unexpected events like job loss or medical bills. Aim to save at least Rs 1-2 lakh initially and gradually build it up.

4. Manage your debt: If you have any student loans or credit card debt, prioritize paying them off. High-interest debt can quickly eat away at your savings. Consider a debt snowball strategy, where you focus on paying off the smallest debt first to gain momentum.

5. Start saving for retirement: Even though retirement might seem far off, starting early allows you to benefit from compound interest. Many companies in India offer Employee Provident Fund (EPF) schemes, where a portion of your salary goes towards retirement savings. You can also explore investing in Public Provident Fund (PPF) or National Pension System (NPS) for long-term wealth creation.

6. Invest for your goals: Once you have an emergency fund and are on track with debt repayment, consider investing for your future goals. This could be anything from a down payment on a house to a dream vacation. Research different investment options like mutual funds or stocks based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Additional tips for your mid-20s:

• Live below your means: Don't let lifestyle inflation creep in as your income increases.
• Focus on skill development: Invest in yourself by taking courses or certifications that can help you advance in your career and potentially increase your earning potential.
• Automate your finances: Set up automatic transfers to your savings and investment accounts to ensure consistent saving.
• Seek professional advice: Consider consulting a financial advisor for personalized guidance based on your specific financial situation and goals.

Remember, building a strong financial foundation is a marathon, not a sprint. Be patient, consistent, and disciplined with your finances, and you'll be well on your way to a secure future.
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Answered on May 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 12, 2024Hindi
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I have been NRI for more than 20 years. If I return to India for how long can i keep my NRI status and will any money earned by me after my return to India from a foreign sources be taxable? If yes, how much tax will I have to pay?
Ans: When you return to India after being an NRI (Non-Resident Indian) for more than 20 years, your tax residency status will change. You will be considered a Resident but Not Ordinarily Resident (RNOR) for the first two financial years (April to March) after your return.

As an RNOR, your foreign income is generally not taxable in India unless it's derived from a business controlled or set up in India. So, any income earned from foreign sources during the RNOR period would generally not be taxable in India.

However, any income earned in India during the RNOR period will be taxable in India, along with any income from a business controlled or set up in India, regardless of whether it's earned domestically or abroad.

After the RNOR period, if you continue to stay in India, you will become a Resident and Ordinarily Resident (ROR) for tax purposes. In this case, your global income, including income earned abroad, will be taxable in India.

Tax rates in India vary depending on the income slab you fall into, and there are also various deductions and exemptions available. It's recommended to consult with a tax advisor in India who can provide personalized advice based on your specific financial situation and the prevailing tax laws at the time of your return.
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Answered on May 09, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
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I am 22 today and I would like to build a corpus of Rs 1 cr in next 8 to 10 years. I have been investing in SIPs since last 8 months in: * Motilal oswal midcap 2K * ICICI Pru Value Discovery 2K * Parag P Flexi 2k * Axis Small cap 2k I plan to step up b 30 per cent every year going forward in the above funds. Are these funds identified by me good for lump sum investment of Rs 20,000? * Canara Robeco Bluechip Equity fund * Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund * Nippon India power and Infra Looking forward to your valuable suggestions. Thanks
Ans: The funds you have chosen for your SIPs have a good mix of mid-cap and flexi-cap exposure, which can be suitable for a long-term investment horizon like yours (8-10 years). Here's a breakdown of your questions:

Suitability of existing SIP funds for lump sum investment:

While your SIP funds focus on mid-cap and flexi-cap, the lump sum investment options you've chosen lean more towards large-cap. This creates a more balanced portfolio across market capitalisations. However, directly suggesting specific funds for a lump sum investment is difficult due to regulatory restrictions.

Here's what you can do:

• Maintain asset allocation: Consider the overall asset allocation you want for your portfolio (mid-cap, large-cap weightage). Look for funds within those categories that complement your existing SIP choices.
• Research the new funds: Do your research on the Canara Robeco Bluechip Equity Fund, Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund, and Nippon India Power and Infra Fund. Check their past performance, investment philosophy, expense ratio etc.

Stepping up SIPs by 30%:

This is a good strategy to increase your investment amount gradually and benefit from rupee-cost averaging. It helps you invest more when the market is low and potentially less when it's high.

Additional tips:

• Stay Invested: Don't panic and redeem your investments based on market fluctuations. Focus on the long term.
• Review Portfolio: Regularly review your portfolio performance (once a year) and rebalance if needed to maintain your desired asset allocation.

Please remember that this is not financial advice. It's crucial to do your research and potentially consult a registered financial advisor for personalised investment plans.
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Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 06, 2024Hindi
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Can I invest Rs 40,000 per month in the National Pension Scheme? What kind of returns can I expect from the NPS in 10 years?
Ans: Yes, you can invest Rs 40,000 per month in the National Pension Scheme (NPS). There is no maximum limit on the monthly contributions to NPS.

Important to note about NPS returns:

• NPS returns are market-linked and depend on the chosen investment scheme. The NPS offers various investment options like Equity (E), Corporate Debt (C), Government Bonds (G), Alternative Investment Funds (A). Equity (E) scheme typically has higher returns than other schemes (C, G) but also comes with higher risk.
• It is difficult to predict the exact returns you will get in 10 years as the market is volatile.

Here's an example to give you an idea

Let’s assume you choose an equity scheme with an average annual return of 10%.

• Total investment over 10 years = Rs 40000 per month * 12 months/year * 10 years = Rs 48,00,000
• Estimated returns in 10 years = Rs 48,00,000 * 10% = Rs 4,80,000

This is just an estimate, and actual returns may vary.

Here are some resources that can help you make an informed decision:

• NPS calculator: You can use an NPS calculator to get a more personalised estimate of your retirement corpus and pension amount. These calculators consider factors like your age, investment amount, investment scheme chosen, and expected rate of return.
• NPS investment options: You can find more information about the different NPS investment options on the PFRDA website (https://www.pfrda.org.in/)

Remember, NPS is a long-term investment for retirement planning. Investing early and regularly will help you build a substantial corpus for your retirement.
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Answered on May 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 22, 2024Hindi
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I had purchased an NSC in 2020 and and paid tax every year for the interest on accrual basis. Since last year, it seems post offices are providing data to AIS on receipt basis, that is, whole amount of interest on maturity. What happens to the taxes I have paid in previous years on accrual basis? How do I adjust them?
Ans: The income tax department in India treats interest earned on National Saving Certificates (NSCs) on an accrual basis, even though the interest is paid out at maturity. This means you are correct to have paid taxes on the accrued interest every year.

Here's what happens in your situation:

• No Change for Previous Years: The taxes you've paid on the accrued interest in previous years are valid. You don't need to adjust them.

• Change in Reporting: Since the post office is now reporting the entire interest on maturity to the Annual Information Statement (AIS) on a receipt basis, there might be a mismatch between your tax filing and the AIS data.

Here's how to handle this:

• File Your Return As Usual: File your income tax return (ITR) for the current year including the entire interest received at maturity as income from other sources.

• Explain the Discrepancy: While filing your ITR, you can add a covering letter explaining the situation. Mention that you have already paid taxes on the accrued interest in previous years and provide details like investment year, accrued interest amount for each year, and tax payment proofs (if possible).

It's advisable to consult a tax advisor for personalised guidance on your specific situation, especially if the amount of tax involved is significant. They can help you navigate the process and ensure your tax filing is accurate.
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Answered on May 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 02, 2024Hindi
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I want to invest a corpus of Rs 7 lakh for my granddaughter's education. She is 7 now. I will need this money after 10-12 years. How shall I invest this money to get Rs 25 lakh by 2036. I am 60 now. I have already made provisions for my retirement corpus and am not worried about it. I want to fund my granddaughter's education. How shall I go about it?
Ans: Investing for your granddaughter's education is a thoughtful decision. Given your time horison of 10-12 years and your goal of accumulating Rs 25 lakh (Rs 2.5 million), you'll need to consider several factors such as risk tolerance, expected returns, and investment options. Here's a suggested approach:

• Determine Risk Tolerance: Since you have a long-term goal, you might be able to afford more risk in your investments. However, given that this money is earmarked for your granddaughter's education, you may want to strike a balance between risk and return.
• Asset Allocation: Consider a diversified portfolio comprising of equity, debt, and possibly some alternative investments. A mix of assets can help manage risk and potentially achieve higher returns.
• Equity Investments: Given your time horizon, equities can play a significant role in generating returns. You may consider investing a portion of your corpus (around 60-70%) in equity mutual funds or stocks. Since equities can be volatile in the short term, they tend to offer higher returns over the long term.
• Debt Investments: To provide stability to your portfolio, allocate a portion (around 30-40%) to debt instruments such as fixed deposits, debt mutual funds, or PPF (Public Provident Fund). These investments offer lower but more predictable returns compared to equities.
• Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Consider investing in equity mutual funds through SIPs. SIPs allow you to invest small amounts regularly, averaging out the purchase cost and reducing the impact of market volatility.
• Review and Rebalance: Periodically review your portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your goals and risk tolerance. Rebalance the portfolio if necessary by adjusting the asset allocation.
• Consider Tax Implications: Be mindful of the tax implications of your investments. Equity investments held for more than one year qualify for long-term capital gains tax, whereas debt investments may attract tax based on your income tax slab.
• Emergency Fund: Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund set aside separately from your granddaughter's education corpus to cover any unexpected expenses.
• Seek Professional Advice: If you're unsure about investing, consider consulting with a financial advisor who can help tailor an investment strategy based on your specific circumstances and goals.

By following these steps and staying disciplined with your investment strategy, you can work towards accumulating the desired amount for your granddaughter's education by 2036.
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Answered on May 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 20, 2024Hindi
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I have submitted my Form 15 to my bank in April 2023. My income falls under the non-taxable category against interest received from bank FDs. Bank has not deducted any TDS up to September 2023 but from October 2023 they have started deducting TDS on FD interest earned by me saying that interest earned on my FDs have crossed the limit of Rs 5 lakh. Is the bank right in deducting tax citing this reason? Please enlighten me.
Ans: No, the bank is likely not right in this case. Here's why:

• Form 15G validity: A valid Form 15G submitted before April 1, 2023 is applicable for the entire financial year 2023-24 (assessment year 2024-25). This means if your income falls under the non-taxable category, the bank shouldn't deduct TDS on your FD interest for the entire year.
• TDS exemption limit: The current exemption limit for TDS on FD interest is Rs 40,000 for individuals below 60 years old, and Rs 50,000 for senior citizens (above 60 years old). There's no limit of Rs 5 lakh for TDS deduction on FD interest.

Here's what you can do:

• Reach out to your bank: Inform them that you submitted a valid Form 15G and your income falls under the non-taxable category. You can clarify the exemption limit and point out the mistake.
• Request rectification: Ask the bank to rectify the error and reverse the TDS deducted on your FD interest from October 2023 onwards.
• Seek professional help: If the bank doesn't resolve the issue, consider seeking help from a tax consultant or financial advisor. They can guide you further on how to claim a refund for the deducted TDS.

Additional points to consider:

• Ensure you have a copy of the Form 15G submission acknowledgement for your records.
• Keep a record of any communication with the bank regarding the TDS deduction.

By following these steps, you should be able to resolve the issue with the bank and avoid unnecessary TDS deduction on your FD interest.
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Answered on May 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 26, 2024Hindi
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My MF portfolio is worth Rs 2 crore as on March 31, 2024. I am 48 now. My plan is to get Rs 2 lakh per month by the time I retire in another 10-12 years. I am investing Rs 2 lakh per month. Is that enough for me to accumulate a corpus big enough to help me earn Rs 2 lakh per month?
Ans: Let's analyse your plan for a Rs 2 lakh monthly income after retirement:

Corpus Calculation:

To determine if your current strategy is sufficient, we need to calculate the total corpus you'll need. Here's a simplified approach (assuming a fixed monthly withdrawal):

• Expected Investment Period: 10 to 12 years (considering your retirement timeframe)
• Monthly Investment: Rs 2 lakh.
• Monthly Target Income: Rs 2 lakh.
• There are two unknowns: total investment period and corpus amount. We can't predict the exact number of years until retirement, so let's analyse both scenarios (10 and 12 years).

Scenario 1: 10 Years of Investment

For this scenario, we can use a financial calculator or spreadsheet to solve for the corpus needed. However, I can't directly provide financial product recommendations or perform calculations that require specific rates of return.

Scenario 2: 12 Years of Investment

Similar to scenario 1, you'll need to calculate the corpus considering a 12-year investment horizon.

Additional Considerations:

• Inflation: The purchasing power of your Rs 2 lakh monthly income will decrease over time due to inflation. You might need to increase your withdrawals gradually to maintain your standard of living.
• Investment Returns: The actual corpus will depend on the return you get on your investments. This can vary based on your chosen investment options.

Recommendations:

• Retirement Needs Assessment: Consider consulting a financial advisor to assess your retirement needs based on your lifestyle and future plans. They can help you with a more personalised calculation considering inflation and your risk tolerance.
• Investment Strategy: A financial advisor can also suggest an investment strategy to achieve your target corpus. This may involve a mix of equity and debt instruments to balance growth and stability.

Positive Aspects:

• You're taking a proactive approach to retirement planning by starting early and investing regularly.
• A Rs 2 crore corpus and a Rs 2 lakh monthly investment are good starting points.

Conclusion:

While it's difficult to say definitively without a detailed calculation, your plan has a good foundation for achieving your Rs 2 lakh monthly income target. Consulting a financial advisor can provide a more personalised assessment and help you fine-tune your strategy for a comfortable retirement.
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Answered on May 01, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 24, 2024Hindi
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What is e-insurance all about? How should I convert my physical insurance policy into digital format? Please guideI am 70-year-old. Which insurance company can issue a mediclaim policy to senior citizens like me?
Ans: Here’s a response regarding e-insurance, converting physical policies, and mediclaim options for senior citizens in India, keeping in mind your age and potential limitations with technology:

E-Insurance (Electronic Insurance)

E-insurance refers to purchasing and managing insurance policies entirely online. This eliminates the need for physical paperwork and offers several benefits:

• Convenience: Access and manage policies 24/7 from anywhere with an internet connection.
• Speed: Get quotes and purchase policies quickly without waiting for agents or mail.
• Transparency: Easily view policy details, track claims, and renew coverage online.
• Efficiency: Pay premiums electronically and receive claim settlements faster.

Converting Physical Policies to Digital Format

While directly converting a physical policy to digital format might not be an option with all insurers, many companies offer the ability to manage existing policies online after registering on their websites or apps. Here's a general process (steps may vary by insurer):

• Visit your insurer's website. Look for a section on "Customer Login" or "Policy Management."
• Register or create an account. You'll likely need policy details like policy number and your personal information.
• Link your existing policy. Once registered, follow the insurer's instructions to link your physical policy to your online account.
• If you encounter difficulties, contact your insurance company's customer service department for assistance. They can guide you through the process or provide alternative solutions.

Mediclaim Policies for Senior Citizens in India

Many insurance companies in India offer mediclaim (health insurance) policies specifically designed for senior citizens. These plans typically cater to the unique needs of older adults, considering factors like:

• Pre-existing conditions: Look for policies with shorter waiting periods for coverage of pre-existing ailments.
• Renewal options: Choose plans that guarantee renewal throughout your lifetime, even if you develop health conditions.
• Network hospitals: Opt for policies with a wide network of hospitals to ensure convenient access to healthcare facilities.
• Sum insured: Select a sufficient sum insured to cover potential medical expenses.

Considering Your Age:

Given your age of 70, it's advisable to:

• Contact your existing insurance company: They might offer the option to manage your policy online or suggest a senior-friendly mediclaim plan.
• Seek help from family members or trusted advisors: If navigating online processes is challenging, involve someone you trust to assist you in researching and comparing plans.

Remember:

• Read policy documents carefully before purchasing any mediclaim policy. Understand the coverage details, exclusions, and claim settlement procedure.
• Disclose pre-existing medical conditions accurately during the application process to avoid claim rejections.

I hope this information empowers you to make informed decisions about your insurance needs!
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Answered on Apr 30, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 18, 2024Hindi
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I have Rs 1.2 crore in my bank account. My wife earns Rs 80,000 per month and I earn Rs 2 lakh per month. We have three children – two daughters and one son – who will need approximately 10 to 15 lakh each for their higher studies 7 to 12 years from now. How shall I go about meeting my children’s education goal and also plan for my retirement. My wife and I have about 15 and 7 years for our retirement.
Ans: It's great that you're thinking ahead for your children's education and your retirement! Here's a suggested plan to meet your goals:

1. Children's Education Fund:

• Since you have 7 to 12 years for your children's higher education, you can invest in relatively aggressive investment options like mutual funds or diversified equity funds. These have the potential to offer higher returns over the long term.
• Allocate a portion of your savings every month towards this goal. Considering inflation and assuming an average annual return of 10%, you would need to invest roughly Rs 20,000 to Rs 25,000 per month to accumulate the desired amount for each child's education.

2. Retirement Planning:

• Since you and your wife have 15 and 7 years left for retirement respectively, you'll want to focus on building a retirement corpus.
• Consider investing in a mix of equity and debt instruments to balance risk and returns. You can invest in mutual funds, provident funds, and Public Provident Fund (PPF) for a balanced portfolio.
• Aim to save at least 15-20% of your combined monthly income for retirement. Considering your current earnings, you can aim to save around Rs 50,000 to Rs 60,000 per month for retirement.

3. Asset Allocation:

Since you have a relatively long investment horizon for both goals, you can afford to have a higher allocation towards equities for potentially higher returns. As you approach your retirement age, gradually shift towards more conservative investment options to preserve capital.

4. Emergency Fund:

Make sure to maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 3-6 months of your combined living expenses. This fund should be readily accessible in case of unexpected expenses or emergencies.

5. Regular Review:

Regularly review your investment portfolio and make adjustments as needed based on changes in your financial situation, market conditions, and investment goals.

6. Professional Advice:

Consider consulting with a financial advisor to tailor a plan specific to your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment preferences.

By following this plan diligently and investing consistently over the years, you should be well-prepared to meet your children's education expenses and enjoy a comfortable retirement.
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Answered on Apr 28, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 27, 2024Hindi
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I want to purchase auto insurance for my Maruti Ertiga which I purchased two years ago. Which auto insurance policy will best look after my interests in the event of an accident which could lead to fatalities or lead me permanently disabled? I want to choose an auto insurance policy that will take care of hospitalisation as well as permanent disability.
Ans: In the unfortunate event of an accident with your Maruti Ertiga, a comprehensive car insurance policy will best serve your interests. Here's why:

Comprehensive Coverage:

• Third-party Liability: This is mandatory by law and covers any injuries or property damage caused to a third party due to an accident involving your car.
• Own Damage Cover: This protects your Maruti Ertiga from damages caused by accidents, theft, fire, natural calamities, etc.

Additional Coverage for Permanent Disability and Hospitalisation:

• Personal Accident (PA) Cover for Owner-Driver and Passengers: This add-on provides a lump sum payout in case of death or permanent disability due to an accident. You can extend this cover to include your passengers as well.
• Medical Expenses Cover: This add-on reimburses hospitalisation expenses incurred due to injuries sustained in an accident.

Here's what to consider when choosing an insurance provider:

• Claim Settlement Ratio (CSR): Look for insurers with a high CSR, which indicates a good record of settling claims promptly.
• Network Garages: Opt for an insurer with a wide network of cashless garages for repairs to ensure a hassle-free experience.
• Customer Service: Choose a company known for providing prompt and helpful customer service.

Popular Car Insurance Providers in India:

• Acko General Insurance
• HDFC Ergo
• The Oriental Insurance Company
• National Insurance Company
• Bajaj Allianz General Insurance

Researching and Comparing Policies

• Use online insurance aggregator websites to compare quotes from different providers. These websites allow you to input details about your Maruti Ertiga, your driving history, and desired coverage options. They will then provide you with quotes from various insurers, allowing you to compare prices and features.

Consulting a Financial Advisor

• Consider consulting a financial advisor who can help you assess your specific needs and recommend the most suitable car insurance policy for your Maruti Ertiga.
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Answered on Apr 27, 2024

Answered on Apr 26, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 25, 2024Hindi
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I am just two years away from my retirement. I had purchased a flat in 2019 but couldn’t service the loan EMI. Due to the Covid pandemic my salary was reduced by 40 per cent so I sold that flat on no-profit-no-loss basis and repaid the home loan. Now, I had also withdrawn a sizeable amount from my PF to purchase this home and now I am looking at just Rs 4 lakh in my PF account. I might accumulate another Rs 4 lakh in the remaining two years but will that be enough to take care of my retirement? My wife passed away last year and my son is financially stable and settled abroad. I don’t expect much financial help from my son. How shall I plan for my retirement?
Ans: It sounds like you've had to make some difficult financial decisions due to the challenges posed by the pandemic. Planning for retirement can be daunting, especially when unexpected events like reduced income or unexpected expenses arise. Here is a 10-point checklist you can follow to plan for your retirement given your current situation:

1. Assess your current financial situation: Take stock of all your assets, savings, investments, and any other sources of income. This includes your remaining PF balance, any other retirement accounts, investments, and savings.

2. Estimate your retirement expenses: Calculate your expected expenses during retirement, including housing, healthcare, daily living expenses, and any other costs you anticipate. Be realistic in your estimations.

3. Consider your sources of income: Apart from your PF, consider any other sources of income you may have during retirement, such as pension plans, rental income if you have any other properties, investments, or any other assets.

4. Review your investment strategy: Given your limited time until retirement, it's crucial to ensure that your investments are aligned with your retirement goals and risk tolerance. Consider consulting with a financial advisor who can help you optimise your investment portfolio for retirement.

5. Maximise your savings: Since you have two years until retirement, try to maximise your savings during this time. Cut down on unnecessary expenses and consider additional income streams if possible.

6. Explore retirement options: Look into various retirement options available to you, such as annuities, systematic withdrawal plans, or any retirement benefits you may be eligible for from your employer or government.

7. Consider downsizing: If your current living situation is not financially sustainable during retirement, consider downsizing to a smaller home or relocating to an area with a lower cost of living.

8. Plan for healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase during retirement, so make sure you have a plan in place to cover these costs. This may include purchasing health insurance or setting aside funds specifically for medical expenses.

9. Create a contingency plan: Prepare for unexpected events by having a contingency plan in place. This could include building an emergency fund or having insurance coverage for major expenses.

10. Regularly review and adjust your plan: Life circumstances and financial markets can change, so it's essential to regularly review and adjust your retirement plan as needed to ensure you stay on track to meet your goals.

It's understandable to feel concerned about your financial security in retirement, but with careful planning and prudent financial management, you can work towards a comfortable and secure retirement. Consider seeking guidance from a financial advisor who can provide personalised advice based on your specific situation and goals.
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Answered on Apr 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 21, 2024Hindi
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Should I buy mediclaim for my son and daughter and myself? I lost my husband during the Covid pandemic and am dependent on only my company health insurance which comes to about Rs 10 lakh for the three of us. Both my children are in college now and I also have to save for their education abroad. Which health insurance policy shall I opt?
Ans: I am sorry for your loss. I understand this is a tough time financially and you're juggling multiple priorities. Here's why a mediclaim policy for your family might be a good idea:

• Peace of mind: Medical emergencies are unpredictable. A mediclaim policy would provide financial cover beyond your company insurance, especially if the hospitalisation costs exceed 10 lakh.
• Security for children's future: Medical bills can derail your savings plan for their education. A mediclaim would ensure their education funds remain untouched.

Finding the right mediclaim policy:

• Family floater plan: Consider a family floater plan where the sum insured is shared amongst you and your children. This is usually cheaper than individual plans.
• Start with a reasonable sum insured: You can start with a sum insured of 5-7 lakhs on the family floater plan. This can be increased later.
• Check for exclusions: Carefully review the policy document for exclusions pre-existing conditions, specific procedures etc.

Balancing cost and coverage:

• Compare quotes online: Use online insurance aggregators to compare quotes from different insurers. They can help you find plans that fit your budget.
• Company vs Individual plan: While your company plan offers some coverage, a personal mediclaim can provide wider coverage and may not be tied to your employment.

Don't forget:

• Disclose pre-existing conditions: Be upfront about any pre-existing conditions to avoid claim rejections.
• Renew on time: Timely renewal ensures uninterrupted coverage.

Remember, a mediclaim policy is an investment in your family's well-being. Weigh the cost of the premium against the potential financial burden of medical bills.
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Answered on Apr 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 19, 2024Hindi
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Could you please review my portfolio and recommend if I need to prune some of these, or add new ones, or continue investing in the same funds? Here are my funds and SIPs: * Kotak flexi cap fund * Nippon India low duration fund * Sbi blue chip fund * Sundaram focused fund * Tata mid cap growth fund * Uti nifty 500 value 50 index fund * Uti mid cap fund * Sbi infrastructure fund I am investing Rs 8,000 in each of these funds through SIPs.
Ans: Here's the analysis of your portfolio and recommendations:

1. Kotak Flexi Cap Fund: This is a diversified equity fund that invests across large, mid, and small-cap stocks. It's generally a good choice for long-term wealth creation due to its flexibility in picking stocks across market capitalisations. Given its track record and flexibility, it's a solid choice for your portfolio.

2. Nippon India Low Duration Fund: This fund is a debt fund that aims for stable returns by investing in a mix of short-term debt and money market instruments. It's a good choice for diversification and for managing the risk of your overall portfolio. It provides stability and can act as a counterbalance to the volatility of equity funds.

3. SBI Blue Chip Fund: This is a large-cap equity fund that invests in well-established, blue-chip companies. It's suitable for investors looking for stability and moderate growth. Since you already have exposure to large caps through this fund, you may consider whether you want to further diversify into other segments.

4. Sundaram Focused Fund: This fund focuses on a concentrated portfolio of stocks, typically around 25-30 stocks. It aims to generate alpha by investing in high-conviction ideas. While concentrated funds can potentially offer higher returns, they also carry higher risk due to the limited diversification. Consider whether you're comfortable with this level of risk in your portfolio.

5. Tata Mid Cap Growth Fund: Mid-cap funds like this one invest in stocks of mid-sized companies with high growth potential. They can be more volatile than large-cap funds but offer the potential for higher returns over the long term. Given its focus on mid-caps, it complements your large-cap investments well.

6. UTI Nifty 500 Value 50 Index Fund: This index fund tracks the Nifty 500 Value 50 Index, which comprises 50 stocks selected from the Nifty 500 index based on value investing principles. It's a good choice for passive investors seeking exposure to fundamentally strong, undervalued companies across market capitalisations.

7. UTI Mid Cap Fund: This fund specifically targets mid-cap stocks, similar to the Tata Mid Cap Growth Fund. Since you already have exposure to mid-caps through the Tata Fund, you may consider whether you want to maintain duplicate exposure to this segment or consolidate your mid-cap investments into a single fund.

8. SBI Infrastructure Fund: This fund focuses on the infrastructure sector, which can offer growth opportunities but also comes with sector-specific risks. It's suitable for investors with a higher risk appetite and a bullish outlook on the infrastructure sector.

Overall, your portfolio appears well-diversified across different asset classes and market segments. However, you might want to consider pruning some redundancy, such as whether you need both SBI Infrastructure Fund and Tata Mid Cap Growth Fund, or UTI Mid Cap Fund and Sundaram Focused Fund.

Additionally, periodically review the performance and consistency of each fund to ensure they continue to align with your investment goals and risk tolerance. Consider consulting with a financial advisor for personalised advice tailored to your specific financial situation and objectives.
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Answered on Apr 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 18, 2024Hindi
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My brother purchased a piece of land in Assam in October 1983 which he gifted me by a deed in August 2010. I sold the same piece of land in March 2024. The stamp duty fair price is about Rs 1,40,00,000. Will this transaction attract Capital Gain Tax? How can I myself calculate the LTCG if such a situation presents itself?
Ans: Yes, in this scenario, you will likely incur capital gains tax when you sell the land.

Here's why:

• Gifts are exempt from receiving taxes: When your brother gifted you the land in 2010, you weren't liable to pay any tax on receiving it.
• Tax on sale of gifted property: However, when you sell the property you received as a gift, capital gains tax applies to the profit earned on the sale.

Calculating Long Term Capital Gains (LTCG):

Since your brother purchased the land in 1983 and you sold it in 2024, it qualifies as a long-term capital gain (LTCG) assuming you held the property for more than 2 years.

Here's a simplified formula to estimate the LTCG (consult a tax advisor for the exact calculation):

• LTCG = Sale Price - Indexed Acquisition Cost
• Sale Price: Rs 1,40,00,000 (Given)
• Acquisition Cost: Rs 0 (Gifts typically have an acquisition cost of Rs 0)
• Indexed Acquisition Cost: Acquisition Cost * (Current Year Index / Acquisition Year Index)

Indexation Benefit:

• Indexation helps adjust the acquisition cost for inflation, reducing your tax burden.
• You'll need the official government published ‘Base Year Index’ for 1983 and 2024 to calculate the indexed acquisition cost.

Example (using hypothetical index values):

Let's assume (for calculation purposes only) the base year indices are:

• 1983: 100
• 2024: 630 (This is a hypothetical value, you'll need the actual index for 2024)
• Indexed Acquisition Cost = Rs 0 (Acquisition Cost) * (630 / 100) = Rs 0
• LTCG = Rs 1,40,00,000 (Sale Price) - Rs 0 (Indexed Acquisition Cost) = Rs 1,40,00,000

Tax on LTCG:

LTCG on land is currently taxed at 20% with indexation benefit.

In this example (assuming the above index values), your LTCG tax would be Rs 1,40,00,000 * 20% = Rs 28,00,000

Disclaimer:

This is a simplified explanation for illustration purposes only. Consulting a qualified tax advisor is recommended for accurate tax calculations and to consider any specific aspects of your situation. They can guide you through the intricacies of property tax laws, exemptions, and filing requirements.
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Answered on Apr 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 17, 2024Hindi
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I am 70-year-old. Which insurance company can issue a mediclaim policy to senior citizens like me?
Ans: Several insurance companies offer health insurance policies specifically designed for senior citizens. Some of these companies include:

1. Star Health and Allied Insurance: They offer various health insurance plans specifically for senior citizens with comprehensive coverage and benefits tailored to their needs.

2. New India Assurance: They have health insurance policies catering to senior citizens, providing coverage for medical expenses, hospitalisation, and more.

3. National Insurance Company: They offer health insurance plans with coverage options suitable for senior citizens, including pre-existing disease coverage and other benefits.

4. United India Insurance: They provide health insurance policies for senior citizens with features like cashless hospitalisation, pre-existing disease coverage, and more.

5. Religare Health Insurance: They offer health insurance plans specially designed for senior citizens, providing coverage for hospitalisation expenses, pre-existing diseases, and other medical needs.

6. Bajaj Allianz: They have health insurance policies tailored for senior citizens, offering coverage for hospitalisation, medical expenses, and other related costs.

7. Max Bupa Health Insurance: They offer health insurance plans with specific coverage options for senior citizens, including comprehensive coverage for various medical expenses.

Before choosing a policy, it's essential to compare the features, coverage, premiums, and exclusions of different plans to find the one that best suits your needs and budget. Additionally, consider factors such as network hospitals, claim settlement ratio, and customer service quality when selecting an insurance company.
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Answered on Apr 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 14, 2024Hindi
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1. I have a SIP of Rs 75,000 per month across ICICI/ India Opportunities Fund, ICICI/ Value Discovery Fund, ICICI / Transporation & Logistics Fund, Axis Flexi Cap Fund, Canara Robeco Emerging Equities, Aditya Birla SL Focused Equity Fund(G) and HDFC Mid-Cap Opportunities Fund(G). I want to continue investing Rs 75k per month for the next 10 years. Assuming an average return of 8-12%, how much corpus will I be able to build by 2034?
Ans: It is difficult to predict the exact corpus amount you will accumulate by 2034 due to the following reasons:

• Market Fluctuations: Equity mutual funds invest in stocks, and the stock market fluctuates over time. This means that the actual returns you will get can be higher or lower than the estimated range of 8-12%.
• Fund Performance: The performance of each mutual fund you have chosen can vary. Some funds may outperform the average market return, while others may underperform.

However, I can provide you with an estimated range of corpus amounts based on your SIP amount, investment period, and expected return rate. Here's how you can calculate it:

SIP Calculator: You can use an SIP calculator available online or provided by your mutual fund provider. These calculators take into account your monthly investment amount, investment tenure, and expected return rate to estimate the maturity amount.

Manual Calculation (Simplified):

• Total Investment: Multiply your monthly SIP amount (Rs 75,000) by the number of months you will invest (10 years * 12 months/year) = Rs 9,000,000
• CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate): This is the average annual return you expect on your investment. Since you expect a range of 8-12%, consider different CAGRs within this range (e.g., 8%, 10%, 12%)
• Future Value Formula: Use the Future Value (FV) formula to calculate the estimated corpus amount for each CAGR. You can find the FV formula online or in finance textbooks.

Example:

Let's say you calculate the future value for a CAGR of 10% using the FV formula:

FV = P * [(1 + r)^n - 1 ] / r

Where:

• FV = Future Value
• P = Monthly Investment (Rs 75,000) * Investment Tenure (120 months) = Rs 9,000,000
• r = Expected Return Rate (as a decimal) = 10% / 100 = 0.1
• n = Number of compounding periods (monthly in this case) = 120 months

Estimated Corpus with 10% CAGR:

FV = Rs 9,000,000 * [(1 + 0.1)^120 - 1 ] / 0.1 ≈ Rs 69,531,106

Repeat the FV calculation for other CAGR values (8% and 12%) to get a range of possible corpus amounts.

Important Note: These are just estimates, and the actual corpus amount you will get may be different.

Here are some additional points to consider:

• Diversification: You have chosen a good mix of funds across different categories (large-cap, mid-cap, flexi-cap, and sectoral). This helps diversify your investment and potentially reduce risk.
• Review your SIPs: Periodically review the performance of your mutual funds and adjust your SIP allocation if necessary.

I hope this helps!
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Answered on Apr 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 11, 2024Hindi
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I have a mutual fund corpus of Rs 30 lakh. I am looking to buy a 1 bhk apartment in suburban Mumbai for Rs 1.2 crore. My wife too will be contributing Rs 40 lakh. Shall I go for a home loan or take loan from family and friends to make up for the remaining Rs 50 lakh? Our monthly in-hand salary is Rs 1,80,000 approximately after deducting for all the expenses and taxes.
Ans: Here's a breakdown to help you decide between a home loan and borrowing from family/friends:

1. Taking a home loan:

• Loan feasibility: With a combined monthly income of Rs 1.8 lakh, you can comfortably afford an EMI of around Rs 50,000- Rs 60,000 (assuming a 20-year loan tenure and interest rate around 8%). This would be sufficient to cover the Rs 50 lakh loan you require. You can use an EMI calculator on many bank websites to get a more precise idea.
• Benefits: There are tax benefits associated with home loans. You can deduct the interest paid on the home loan from your taxable income, which can bring down your tax liability. Additionally, owning a property appreciates in value over time.
• Drawbacks: Home loans come with processing fees and other charges. There can also be prepayment penalties if you choose to close the loan before the tenure ends.

2. Borrowing from family/friends:

• Benefits: You might be able to negotiate a lower interest rate compared to a bank loan. There's also more flexibility in terms of repayment schedules.
• Drawbacks: Borrowing from friends or family can strain relationships if there are delays in repayment or disagreements over terms. Make sure to have a written agreement outlining the interest rate, repayment schedule, and other important details.

3. Considering your situation:

• The EMI for Rs 50 lakh loan seems manageable based on your income.
• Home loan interest rates are currently around 8%, which might be lower than the interest rate you would be charged by friends or family.
• Tax benefits on home loans can give you additional savings.

4. Recommendation:

Given your financial situation, taking a home loan seems like a viable option. However, it's always good to compare interest rates and terms offered by different lenders before finalising a deal.

You can also talk to your family and friends to see if they are willing to offer you a loan at a competitive rate.

5. Here are some additional things to consider:

• Stability of income: Make sure your job is stable enough to ensure timely EMI payments.
• Down payment: A larger down payment will bring down the loan amount and your EMI burden.
• Future expenses: Factor in other expenses associated with property ownership such as maintenance, property taxes, etc.

Ultimately, the decision of whether to take a home loan or borrow from family/friends depends on your individual circumstances and comfort level.
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Answered on Apr 10, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 07, 2024Hindi
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My retired father has a corpus of around 10 lakh which he wants to invest in some monthly income scheme to get monthly returns. Please suggest some good options where the risks will be not too high and returns should beat inflation?
Ans: Given your father's priorities of low risk and beating inflation, here are a couple of good options for him to consider investing his Rs 10 lakh corpus for monthly income:

1. Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS):

• This is a government-backed scheme specifically designed for senior citizens (above 60 years).
• It offers a relatively high and stable interest rate (currently 8.2% per annum).
• Interest is paid quarterly, but can be used to generate a monthly income by dividing it into three parts.
• There is a maximum investment limit of Rs 15 lakh.
• The scheme has tenure of 5 years, with an option to extend for 3 more years.

2. Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY):

• This is another government-backed scheme specifically for senior citizens. Do note that the scheme's availability may be limited based on the date of your inquiry (April 10, 2024).
• It offers a fixed interest rate (currently 7.4% per annum) for a 10-year policy term.
• The interest can be paid monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or yearly.
• There is a maximum investment limit of Rs 15 lakh.

Additional factors to consider:

• Tax implications: Interest earned from both schemes is taxable as per your father's income tax slab.
• Liquidity: SCSS offers more flexibility as the principal amount can be withdrawn prematurely with a penalty. PMVVY has limited liquidity options.

Recommendation:

Both SCSS and PMVVY are good options for your father depending on his preference for interest rate (higher with SCSS but not fixed) vs. guaranteed income (PMVVY with a fixed rate for 10 years).

It's advisable to consult a financial advisor for personalised advice considering your father's overall financial situation and risk tolerance.
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Answered on Apr 08, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 05, 2024Hindi
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Can I buy two or more than two term insurance policies from different insurance companies? What are the advantages and disadvantages of doing so?
Ans: Yes, you can absolutely buy two or more term life insurance policies from different companies. In fact, it can be a good strategy to get the coverage you need. Here's a breakdown of the pros and cons:

Advantages:

• Increased coverage: If you need a high death benefit amount, one policy might not be enough. Having multiple policies lets you reach your target coverage amount.
• Tailored coverage: Different companies offer different features and benefits. You can pick plans from various insurers to get the specific coverage you need, like an accidental death benefit rider on one policy and a waiver of premium rider on another.
• Competitive rates: By shopping around, you can potentially find better rates for your coverage needs from different insurers.

Disadvantages:

• Higher cost: You'll be paying premiums for multiple policies, which can add up.
• More complex management: Keeping track of multiple policies and renewal dates can be cumbersome.
• Potential for claim issues: While unlikely, if you have multiple claims, beneficiaries might need to deal with multiple insurance companies during a difficult time.

Here are some additional things to consider:

• Total coverage amount: There might be a limit (called human life value) on how much life insurance you can get based on your income and financial obligations.
• Disclosure: Be upfront with each insurer about your other policies.

Overall, having multiple term life insurance policies can be a good strategy, but it's important to weigh the pros and cons carefully. If you're considering this route, talk to a financial advisor to determine the right amount of coverage and find the best plans for your needs.
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Answered on Apr 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 05, 2024Hindi
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Good day, Sir. I am 32 and planning to start SIP for 30k maximum because that is my risk apetite. I don't have any MFs with me currently. As per my research I have zeroed in on some MFs. Please suggest if these are okay or shall I go for some other funds. a. Rs 10k in Parag Parikh Flexi-cap fund (Growth)/ Samco Flexi Cap Fund b. Rs 10k in ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund (Growth) and c. Rs 10k in SBI Smallcap Fund (Growth). Could you please share your opinion?
Ans: The funds you shortlisted seem like a good starting point for a diversified equity mutual fund portfolio with a moderate risk appetite. Here's a breakdown of why:

• Parag Parikh Flexi-cap fund (Growth) / Samco Flexi Cap Fund: These are Flexi-cap funds that invest across large, mid, and small-cap companies. This allows for diversification and the potential for growth across market capitalisations. However, a key difference is Parag Parikh Flexi-Cap Fund has a proven track record with a longer history and superior returns compared to Samco Flexi Cap Fund which is a new fund.
• ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund (Growth): This is a large-cap fund that focuses on established companies. Large-cap funds typically offer lower volatility compared to flexi-cap funds.
• SBI Small Cap Fund (Growth): This is a small-cap fund that invests in smaller companies with high growth potential. Small-cap funds generally offer higher potential returns but also come with higher risk.

Here are some things to consider:

• Risk profile: Your chosen allocation (Flexi-cap + Bluechip + Small-cap) leans moderately aggressive. Consider if this aligns with your 30k SIP risk tolerance. You can adjust the weightage between Flexi-cap and Bluechip depending on your risk appetite.
• New fund vs Established fund: Parag Parikh Flexi-cap has a strong track record while Samco Flexi Cap Fund is new. This might be a factor to consider since past performance is an indicator of potential future performance.

Overall, your selection is a good starting point. Here are some suggestions:

• Stick with Parag Parikh Flexi-cap if you choose the Flexi-cap option.
• Consider if the weightage between Flexi-cap, Bluechip, and Small-cap fits your risk profile. You can tweak it to be more conservative by increasing the Bluechip allocation or more aggressive by increasing Flexi-cap or Small-cap allocation.

Disclaimer: I am not a financial advisor and this is not financial advice. Please consult a registered advisor for personalised recommendations based on your complete financial picture.
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Answered on Apr 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 03, 2024Hindi
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I have a corporate mediclaim policy of Rs 15 lakh. Do I still need to buy personal insurance for my family and myself?
Ans: Having a corporate mediclaim policy is undoubtedly beneficial, but it may not cover all your needs adequately. Here are some reasons why you might still consider purchasing personal insurance for yourself and your family, despite having a corporate mediclaim policy:

1. Coverage Limitations: Corporate policies often come with coverage limits, and these may not be sufficient for your family's needs, especially in case of severe medical emergencies or prolonged treatments.

2. Job Change: If you change your job or your employer changes the insurance provider, there could be a gap in coverage, leaving you and your family uninsured temporarily.

3. Portability: Personal health insurance policies are usually portable, meaning you can carry them forward even if you switch jobs or companies, ensuring continuity of coverage.

4. Tailored Coverage: Personal insurance allows you to tailor coverage according to your specific needs, including adding riders for critical illness, maternity benefits, or other specialised treatments which may not be covered under a corporate policy.

5. Family Coverage: While corporate policies might extend coverage to your family, the coverage amount might be inadequate, and having a separate family floater policy ensures comprehensive coverage for all members.

6. Pre-existing Conditions: Corporate policies may have restrictions on coverage for pre-existing conditions, whereas personal policies often offer coverage after a waiting period.

7. Comprehensive Coverage: Personal policies often offer a broader range of coverage options, including outpatient expenses, alternative treatments, and more extensive network hospitals, which may not be available under corporate policies.

8. Continuity of Coverage: In case of job loss or retirement, personal insurance ensures continuity of coverage without any gaps.

9. Tax Benefits: Personal health insurance premiums are eligible for tax deductions under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act, providing additional financial benefits.

10. Control and Flexibility: Personal insurance policies offer greater control and flexibility in choosing coverage options, network hospitals, and policy terms compared to corporate policies, which are generally standardized for all employees.

While having a corporate mediclaim policy is undoubtedly advantageous, it's essential to assess your family's healthcare needs comprehensively and consider supplementing it with personal insurance to ensure adequate coverage and financial protection in the long term.
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Answered on Apr 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 03, 2024Hindi
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We are a young couple with a combined monthly income of Rs 5.8 lakhs. Our financial goals include building a robust retirement fund and preparing for future family expenses. What personalized financial strategies would you recommend for our specific situation?
Ans: Here are some personalised financial strategies you can consider given your situation:

1. Prioritise Emergency Fund: Build an emergency fund of 3-6 months' worth of your combined monthly expenses (Rs 5.8 lakh * 3 to Rs 5.8 lakh * 6 = Rs 17.4 lakh to Rs 34.8 lakh). This will act as a safety net for unexpected expenses or job loss. Park this in a high-interest savings account or liquid funds.

2. Invest in Retirement Planning:

• Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Since you're both likely employed, you're probably contributing to the EPF, which offers good long-term returns.
• Public Provident Fund (PPF): Start investing in PPF. It offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns. You can each invest up to Rs 1.5 lakh per year.
• National Pension System (NPS): Consider NPS for additional tax benefits and market-linked returns. You can choose your asset allocation based on your risk profile.

3. Invest for Future Family Expenses:

• Start an SIP in Equity Mutual Funds: Start a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in equity mutual funds to grow your wealth and meet your long-term goals like funding your children's education or a down payment on a house. Consider factors like your risk tolerance and investment horizon when choosing funds.
• Term Insurance: Get adequate term insurance to financially secure your partner in case of your unfortunate demise. A good rule of thumb is to get coverage for 10-15 times your combined annual income.

4. Manage Debt Repayment:

• Clear High-Interest Debt: If you have any high-interest debt like credit card dues, prioritise repaying them to avoid accumulating interest.

5. Seek Professional Advice:

• Financial Advisor: Consider consulting a registered financial advisor for personalized advice based on your specific financial goals and risk tolerance. They can help you create a comprehensive financial plan.

Additional Tips

• Track your expenses: Regularly monitor your spending habits to identify areas where you can cut back and save more.
• Automate your finances: Set up SIPs and recurring transfers to savings accounts to automate saving and investing.
• Review your financial plan regularly: As your income, expenses, and life goals evolve, revisit your financial plan and make adjustments as needed.

By following these strategies, you can build a secure financial future for yourselves and be prepared for upcoming life milestones. Remember, this is a general guideline, and you should consult a financial advisor for a plan tailored to your specific needs.
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Answered on Apr 01, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 31, 2024Hindi
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If I have a chronic ailment (diabetes, BP, thyroid, heart cond ition, etc.) can I still get coverage? Should I inform the insurer? What if I hide this information from the policy issuer?
Ans: Yes, you can still get health insurance coverage even with a pre-existing chronic ailment like diabetes, high blood pressure, or a heart condition. Here's a breakdown of what to consider:

Disclosing Pre-existing Conditions:

• It is crucial to disclose any pre-existing conditions to the insurer. This is because they assess the risk involved in covering you. Hiding this information can lead to claim rejection later.

Coverage for Pre-existing Conditions:

• Most health insurance plans cover pre-existing conditions, but with a waiting period. This waiting period can range from 2 to 4 years depending on the plan and the severity of the condition.
• There are plans that offer coverage for pre-existing conditions from day one, but they typically come with higher premiums.

Finding the Right Plan:

• Do your research and compare different health insurance plans to find one that offers coverage for your specific chronic ailment and has a reasonable waiting period.

Here are some additional tips:

• Be honest and upfront about your medical history in your application.
• Get a copy of the policy documents and carefully review the exclusions clause to understand what is not covered.
• Consider critical illness plans that provide a lump sum payment for specific critical illnesses, including some chronic conditions.
• Remember, transparency is the key. Disclosing pre-existing conditions ensures you get the right coverage and avoid claim rejections later.
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Answered on Mar 28, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 21, 2024Hindi
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What is comprehensive auto insurance policy? What are its benefits? What are the inclusions and non-inclusions if I want to know before buying a comprehensive auto insurance policy?
Ans: A comprehensive auto insurance policy in India offers the most extensive coverage for your car and any third-parties involved in an accident. It's like a two-wheeler for your car's security, providing protection for both your vehicle and your wallet.

Benefits of a Comprehensive Policy:

1. Peace of mind: Covers a wide range of situations, so you'll be financially protected in case of many unforeseen events.

2. Own Damage Cover: Pays for repairs or replacement of your car if it's damaged in an accident, by fire, theft, natural calamities, riots, or even falls victim to vandalism.

3. Third-Party Liability Cover: Takes care of any legal or financial liabilities you incur if your car causes injury, disability or death to a third party, or damages their property.

4. Personal Accident Cover (Optional): Provides financial assistance to you or your family in case of injury or death due to a car accident (depending on the policy terms).

What to Consider Before Buying:

Inclusions:

a. Most accidents (collision, hit and run)

b. Theft (partial or complete)

c. Fire damage

d. Natural disasters (floods, earthquakes, etc.)

e. Riots, strikes, and other man-made calamities

g. Third-party property damage and bodily injury

h. Personal accident cover (if opted for)

Non-inclusions:

a. Damages due to wear and tear

b. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs

c. Mechanical or electrical breakdown

d. Depreciation on parts replaced during repairs

e. Using the car for illegal purposes

Additional Tips:

1. Add-on Covers: Enhance your policy with optional extras like engine protection or zero depreciation cover for a more comprehensive safety net.

2. Compare Quotes: Get quotes from different insurance companies to find the best coverage and price for your needs.

Remember, a comprehensive policy offers superior protection compared to third-party only insurance, which is mandatory by law but only covers your liability towards third parties. For a secure ride on Indian roads, a comprehensive policy is the way to go.
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Answered on Mar 27, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 23, 2024Hindi
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Just starting my professional life in Chennai, I am 18 and I want to invest Rs 2,500 as SIP every month and plan to redeem at 55. What kind of mutual funds should I invest in? What kind of return can I expect in 37 years?
Ans: Congratulations on starting your investment journey at a young age! With a 37-year investment horizon, you have a lot of time to ride out market fluctuations and potentially grow your wealth significantly.

What kind of mutual funds to consider:

Given your long investment horizon, you can consider aggressive growth options like:

Equity Small Cap Funds: These invest in smaller companies with high growth potential but also carry higher risk.

Equity Multi Cap Funds: These invest across companies of all sizes, offering diversification and potentially good returns.

Equity Large & Mid Cap Funds: These invest in larger, well-established companies with a good track record, offering a balance between risk and return.

Expected return:

It's difficult to predict exact returns, but historically, the Indian stock market has offered an average annual return of around 12-15%. This is not guaranteed future performance, and actual returns could be higher or lower.

Here's a simplified calculation to get an idea:

Let's assume an expected return of 12% per annum (an aggressive assumption). With a monthly SIP of Rs 2,500, you could potentially accumulate:

Expected future value after 37 years = Rs 2,500 * ((1 + 0.12) ^ 37 - 1) / 0.12 = Rs 13,59,000 (approx)

Disclaimer:

This is a simplified calculation and does not take into account inflation, taxes, or fees associated with mutual funds.
Actual returns could be higher or lower.

Important points to remember:

Do your research: Choose mutual funds that align with your risk tolerance and investment goals.

Compare different funds within the categories mentioned above.

Consult a financial advisor: They can provide personalized advice based on your specific financial situation.

Stay invested: Don't panic and withdraw your money during market downturns. A long-term approach is key to weathering volatility.

Investing in mutual funds is a great way to grow your wealth for long-term goals. By starting early and taking advantage of compounding, you can build a significant corpus over time.
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Answered on Mar 26, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 24, 2024Hindi
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I'm retiring in September 2024. I'll be getting about 1 cr PF amount and about Rs 50 lakh in NPS account. Do I have to defer NPS to save tax and invest PF amount in fixed income schemes and equity for growth?
Ans: You don't necessarily need to defer NPS withdrawal to save tax on your retirement corpus. Here's a breakdown of the tax implications and a suggestion for managing your retirement corpus:

Tax treatment of NPS and PF withdrawals:

NPS: NPS offers tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1) for contributions and partial withdrawal at retirement is tax-free up to 40%. The remaining 60% is distributed as 20% tax-free and 40% taxable as per your income slab.

PF: The entire PF corpus (including interest) is tax-free at withdrawal.

Considering your situation:

Upon retirement, you'll receive Rs 1 crore from PF which is entirely tax-free.

Out of Rs 50 lakh in NPS, 40% (Rs 20 lakh) will be tax-free and the remaining 60% (Rs 30 lakh) will be partially taxable. Assuming you're in the highest tax bracket (30%), you might incur a tax of Rs 9 lakh on the taxable portion.

Deferring NPS vs Investing in Fixed Income/Equity:

Deferring NPS to save tax on the entire amount might not be the most optimal strategy. Here's why:

Access to funds: Deferring NPS restricts your access to a significant portion of your retirement corpus.

Tax-free income: The Rs 1 crore from PF is already a substantial tax-free amount that can cover your basic needs.

Possible strategy:

You can withdraw the entire NPS corpus and pay the tax on the taxable portion (around Rs 9 lakh).

Invest the remaining corpus (Rs 1 crore from PF + Rs 41 lakh from NPS - Rs 9 lakh tax) for growth. You can consider a mix of fixed income and equity investments based on your risk tolerance. For example, 60% in equity (higher risk, potentially higher returns)

40% in fixed income (lower risk, lower returns).

Consulting a financial advisor:

This is a simplified example, and it's recommended to consult a financial advisor for personalised advice considering your risk profile and financial goals. They can help you create a retirement plan that optimises your tax benefits and aligns with your investment needs.
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Answered on Mar 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 21, 2024Hindi
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Living in Bhopal want to invest Rs 3 lakh lump sum. Is recurring deposit in a bank a good idea? Or should I give half of it to invest in SIPs? Please advise. I am a senior citizen by the way. Thank you.
Ans: As a senior citizen, you should likely prioritise security and regular income for your investments. Here's a breakdown of both options to help you decide:

Recurring Deposit (RD):

Pros:

• Very Safe: Backed by the bank, so minimal risk of losing money.
• Guaranteed Returns: Interest rate is fixed for the entire deposit period.
• Regular Income: You receive interest payouts periodically throughout the tenure.

Cons:

• Lower Returns: Generally lower interest rates compared to some other investment options.
• Limited Growth: Money is locked in for the deposit term, limiting potential for higher returns.
• Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in Mutual Funds:

SIPs

Pros:

• Potentially Higher Returns: Over the long term, SIPs in mutual funds can offer higher returns compared to RDs.
• Rupee Cost Averaging: SIPs help average out the cost of investment, mitigating the impact of market volatility.

Cons:

• Market Risk: Unlike RDs, SIPs carry some market risk. The value of your investment can fluctuate.
• Not Guaranteed Returns: Returns are not guaranteed and depend on market performance.

Considering your situation:

• RD can be a good choice for a portion of your investment if you prioritize guaranteed returns and regular income.
• SIPs in debt funds within a mutual fund can offer a balance between risk and return. Debt funds generally carry lower risk than equity funds.

Here's a possible strategy:

• Invest a part (maybe Rs 1.5 lakh) in a Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS) or a Senior Citizen Fixed Deposit (FD). These offer higher interest rates than regular deposits and are government backed for additional safety.
• Consider investing the remaining amount (Rs 1.5 lakh) in a SIP in a debt mutual fund. This can potentially provide some growth while managing risk.

Important to Remember:

• Talk to a Financial Advisor: They can assess your risk tolerance and financial goals to recommend a suitable investment plan.
• Do your research: Understand the features and risks of each investment option before making a decision.
• By carefully considering your needs and risk appetite, you can choose the investment strategy that best suits you.
(more)

Answered on Mar 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 18, 2024Hindi
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I am retired(62 yrs) settled in Dehradun. I have a fund of Rs 3 crore. How do i invest this money so that i get Rs 80,000 per month immediately. Please help.
Ans: Generating a monthly income of Rs 80,000 from a principal of Rs 3 crore might be difficult to achieve through safe investment options alone. Here's a rough calculation to consider:

Assuming a monthly return on investment (ROI) of 2.67%, you would need your investment to generate this amount. However, most safe investment options, like fixed deposits (FDs) or debt funds, typically offer lower ROIs.

Here's why achieving a 2.67% monthly ROI might be challenging:

• Safe investment options: These typically offer lower ROIs in the range of 5-6% annually. This translates to a monthly ROI of around 0.4% to 0.5%, much lower than the desired 2.67%.
• Market-linked investments: Some investments like stocks or mutual funds offer the potential for higher returns but also carry a higher degree of risk. You may need a carefully crafted investment strategy to achieve the desired return while managing risk.

Important to consult a financial advisor:

Given your retirement status and financial goals, it's crucial to consult a financial advisor. They can assess your risk tolerance and create a personalised investment plan that considers your income needs and future goals. Here's what a financial advisor can do for you:

• Risk assessment: They will evaluate your comfort level with risk and recommend investments accordingly.
• Asset allocation: They will suggest an asset allocation strategy that balances risk and potential returns. This might include a mix of debt and equity investments.
• Tax planning: They can help you structure your investments in a tax-efficient manner.

Remember:

• There's a trade-off between risk and return. Higher potential returns often come with greater risk.
• Focus on building a sustainable income stream that aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals.
(more)

Answered on Mar 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 17, 2024Hindi
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Why do third party agents hesitate to reimburse genuine health expenditure incurred on ayurvedic treatment {all conditions fulfilled including admission in ayurvedic hospital}. All proofs submitted. What should I do if the TPAs don't process my claims for ayurvedic treatment?
Ans: There are a few reasons why third party administrators (TPAs) might hesitate to reimburse genuine health expenditure incurred on Ayurvedic treatment, even if all conditions are fulfilled and proofs are submitted.

• Ayurveda is not mainstream medicine: While Ayurveda is an ancient and recognised form of medicine in India, it is not considered mainstream medicine by some insurance companies. This means that TPA might not have clear guidelines for processing and approving Ayurvedic treatment claims.
• Lack of standardisation: There can be a lack of standardisation in Ayurvedic practices and treatments. This can make it difficult for TPAs to assess the validity and legitimacy of a claim.
• Cost-containment: TPAs work for insurance companies, and insurance companies are in the business of making money. This means they may be looking for reasons to deny or delay claims. Ayurvedic treatments can sometimes be expensive, and TPAs may be looking for ways to control costs.

Here are some things you can do if your TPA is not processing your claims for Ayurvedic treatment:

• Review your policy documents: Carefully read your insurance policy documents to understand the coverage for Ayurvedic treatment. Look for exclusions or limitations that might apply.
• Contact your TPA: Call your TPA's customer care department and ask them to explain why your claim was denied. Be polite but persistent in getting answers.
• File an appeal: If you are not satisfied with the TPA's explanation, you can file an appeal. The appeal process will vary depending on your TPA, but there should be information on how to file an appeal in your policy documents or on the TPA's website.
• Contact your insurance company: If the appeal process is unsuccessful, you can contact your insurance company directly. Explain the situation and ask them to intervene on your behalf.
• Consider legal action: If all else fails, you may want to consider taking legal action against your TPA or insurance company. This should be a last resort, as legal action can be expensive and time-consuming.

Here are some resources that you may find helpful:

• The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) is the regulatory body for the insurance sector in India. The IRDAI website has information on filing complaints against insurance companies and TPAs https://irdai.gov.in/.
• The Consumer Affairs Department of the Government of India also has a website where you can file complaints against companies https://consumerhelpline.gov.in/.
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Answered on Mar 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 15, 2024Hindi
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Hello Sir. I am 26 years old from Kolkata wants to invest 20k each month in SIPs. I am looking for a long term wealth creation. Could you recommend where to invest, how to invest and whatreturns can I expect?
Ans: It's great to hear that you're interested in investing for the long term. Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are indeed a popular way to invest in mutual funds regularly. Here's a suggested approach:

• Choose Mutual Funds: Since you're looking for long-term wealth creation, you should consider investing in equity mutual funds. These funds have the potential to offer higher returns over the long term, although they also come with higher risk compared to debt or hybrid funds. You can diversify your investment across different categories like large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds to spread your risk.
• Select Fund Houses: Look for reputable fund houses with a good track record of delivering consistent returns over the long term. Some of the top mutual fund houses in India include HDFC Mutual Fund, ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund, SBI Mutual Fund, Aditya Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund, etc.
• Risk Profile Assessment: Assess your risk tolerance before investing. Since equity funds can be volatile in the short term, it's essential to ensure that you're comfortable with the ups and downs of the market over the long term.
• Investment Allocation: Allocate your monthly SIP investments across different mutual funds based on your risk profile and investment goals. A common strategy is to allocate higher amounts to equity funds for long-term growth and a smaller portion to debt funds for stability.
• Review and Adjust: Periodically review your investments to ensure they align with your financial goals and risk tolerance. You may need to rebalance your portfolio over time.
• Stay Invested: One of the critical factors in long-term wealth creation is staying invested for the long haul. Avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market fluctuations.

Regarding the returns you can expect, it's essential to understand that past performance is not indicative of future results. However, historically, equity mutual funds in India have delivered annualised returns of around 12-15% over the long term (though this can vary widely depending on market conditions).

Keep in mind that while equity investments have the potential for higher returns, they also come with higher volatility and risk. Therefore, it's crucial to have a long-term investment horizon and stay invested through market ups and downs to benefit from the power of compounding.

Before making any investment decisions, it's always a good idea to consult with a financial advisor who can provide personalised advice based on your individual financial situation and goals.
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Answered on Mar 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 13, 2024Hindi
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I have retired from a private company on 20/06/2023 after superannuation. I have subsequently received PF settlement amount and gratuity. As per from 16 issued by my employer for the 3 months period, my tax liability is nil. But I want to show the income of PF and Gratuity. Under which section these have to be shown as income and under which section these have to be claimed as exemption, while filing the ITR-1. Please help.
Ans: When filing your Income Tax Return (ITR-1) after retirement, you'll need to account for your income from Provident Fund (PF) and Gratuity. Here's how you can handle these components:

Provident Fund (PF):

• PF withdrawals are taxable if you have not completed five years of continuous service. However, if you've been employed for five years or more, PF withdrawals are tax-exempt.
• If your PF withdrawal is taxable, you should report it under the head ‘Income from Other Sources’ in your ITR-1 form.
• If your PF withdrawal is tax-exempt (due to more than five years of continuous service), you don't need to report it in your ITR as taxable income.

Gratuity:

• Gratuity received by an employee on retirement is exempt from tax up to a certain limit as per the Income Tax Act.
• The exemption for gratuity is calculated based on the formula: (15/26) * (last drawn salary) * (number of years of service).
• The maximum exemption limit for gratuity is Rs 20 lakh, as per the latest tax laws.
• If the gratuity amount you received is within the exemption limit, you don't need to report it in your ITR as taxable income.
• However, if the gratuity amount exceeds the exemption limit, the excess amount is taxable and should be reported under the head ‘Income from Salaries’ in your ITR-1 form.

Here's how you can report these incomes in your ITR-1 form:

• If both your PF withdrawal and gratuity fall within the exemption limits, you don't need to report them in your ITR-1 form.
• If any part of your PF withdrawal is taxable, report the taxable portion under ‘Income from Other Sources.’
• If any part of your gratuity is taxable (i.e., exceeds the exemption limit), report the taxable portion under ‘Income from Salaries.’

Remember to keep all relevant documents, such as Form 16, PF withdrawal statement, and gratuity payment details, handy while filing your ITR. If you're unsure about any specific details or calculations, consider consulting a tax advisor or chartered accountant for personalised guidance.
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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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