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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 21, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 17, 2024Hindi

I have lumpsum of 15 lakhs rupees in mutual funds, i want to make a home of 30 lakhs after 6 years, can i take loans and how can i manage swp?

Ans: You have a clear goal of building a home worth Rs 30 lakhs in six years. Your current investment in mutual funds is Rs 15 lakhs. Let's explore how you can achieve this goal through strategic planning and the use of a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP).

Understanding Your Current Investments
Your Rs 15 lakhs investment in mutual funds is a solid starting point. Mutual funds, especially those actively managed, have the potential to grow significantly over the years. It’s important to regularly review your investments to ensure they align with your goals.

Growth Potential of Your Current Investment
Mutual funds can offer substantial returns, but these returns are subject to market fluctuations. Assuming a conservative annual growth rate, your Rs 15 lakhs could potentially grow significantly in six years. Regular monitoring and adjustments are key.

Using a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
A Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) allows you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly from your mutual fund investments. This can be useful for managing loan repayments if you decide to take a home loan.

Benefits of SWP
Regular Income: Provides a steady stream of income to manage expenses or loan repayments.
Tax Efficiency: Only the gains withdrawn are subject to tax, which can be more tax-efficient than other withdrawal methods.
Flexibility: You can adjust the withdrawal amount as per your needs.
Setting Up an SWP
Determine Withdrawal Amount: Calculate the amount you need to withdraw monthly to cover your loan EMIs.
Choose the Right Fund: Select a mutual fund that matches your risk tolerance and withdrawal needs.
Start Early: Set up the SWP well before you need the funds to ensure a smooth process.
Considering a Home Loan
Given your goal, taking a home loan can be a viable option. Here’s how you can manage it effectively.

Eligibility and EMI Calculations
Loan Eligibility: Banks and financial institutions determine loan eligibility based on your income, credit score, and existing liabilities. Ensure your credit score is strong.
EMI Calculations: Use online EMI calculators to determine how much you’ll need to pay monthly. Ensure it fits within your budget comfortably.
Benefits of a Home Loan
Tax Benefits: You can avail tax deductions on both the principal and interest paid on a home loan under Section 80C and Section 24(b) of the Income Tax Act.
Leveraging Growth: By taking a loan, you can continue to invest your existing corpus, potentially benefiting from higher returns.
Balancing Investments and Loan Repayments
Regular Investments
Even after taking a loan, continue investing regularly. This ensures your wealth continues to grow, and you don’t miss out on compounding benefits.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund to cover at least six months of expenses, including loan EMIs. This acts as a buffer in case of any financial emergencies.

Strategic Asset Allocation
Diversify Your Portfolio
Ensure your portfolio is diversified across different asset classes. This reduces risk and can provide more stable returns. Include a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds.

Risk Management
As you approach your goal, gradually shift your investments from high-risk equity funds to more stable debt funds. This helps in preserving capital and reducing volatility.

Regular Review and Adjustments
Monitor Performance
Regularly review the performance of your mutual fund investments. Compare them with benchmarks and peers to ensure they are performing well.

Rebalance Portfolio
Rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain your desired asset allocation. This involves selling some investments that have done well and buying more of those that haven’t, ensuring you stay on track.

Tax Planning
Efficient Withdrawals
Plan your SWP withdrawals in a tax-efficient manner. By spreading out withdrawals, you can minimize tax liabilities.

Utilize Tax Benefits
Maximize tax-saving investments under Section 80C, including your home loan principal repayment, to reduce your taxable income.

Scenario Analysis
Best-Case Scenario
If your mutual fund investments perform exceptionally well, you might achieve your goal without needing a loan. Continue investing the surplus to build a larger corpus.

Worst-Case Scenario
If market returns are lower than expected, be prepared to adjust your plans. This might include increasing your SIP amounts or extending your investment horizon.

Financial Discipline
Stick to Budget
Maintain a strict budget to ensure you can comfortably manage your loan EMIs and continue investing.

Avoid Unnecessary Expenditures
Prioritize your spending to focus on essential and high-priority items, avoiding unnecessary expenses that could derail your financial plan.

Planning for Unforeseen Circumstances
Insurance Coverage
Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance to protect your family’s financial future. This reduces the financial burden in case of unexpected events.

Contingency Plan
Have a contingency plan in place. This could include temporary adjustments to your loan EMIs or investment strategy if you face financial difficulties.

Future Goals and Adjustments
Long-Term Planning
While your immediate goal is to build a home, continue planning for other long-term goals like retirement and children’s education. This ensures you’re prepared for future financial needs.

Flexibility and Adaptability
Stay flexible and be ready to adapt your financial plan based on changes in your life circumstances or financial goals. Regular consultations with a Certified Financial Planner can help in making informed decisions.

Final Insights
Your current investments and financial planning indicate a strong foundation. With Rs 15 lakhs in mutual funds and a clear goal of building a home worth Rs 30 lakhs in six years, you are on a promising path. Utilizing a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) and considering a home loan can provide the necessary funds and flexibility to achieve your goal.

It’s important to maintain a diversified portfolio, regularly review your investments, and make necessary adjustments to stay on track. Ensuring tax efficiency and financial discipline will further enhance your financial stability. Continue to invest in a balanced manner, focusing on both short-term and long-term goals. This strategic approach will help you build your dream home while maintaining financial security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 30, 2024

Sir I have invested 2 CR in mutual fund and Now I need 10000 per month thru SWP as pension to survive is it possible how?
Ans: Implementing Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP) for Retirement Income
Congratulations on building a substantial corpus of 2 crores in mutual funds! Let's explore how you can generate a monthly pension of 10,000 rupees through a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) to sustain your retirement lifestyle.

Understanding Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP):

SWP allows investors to withdraw a fixed sum or a percentage of their mutual fund investment regularly.
It functions akin to a pension scheme, providing a steady income stream during retirement while allowing the principal amount to remain invested for potential growth.
Determining Feasibility:

To sustain a monthly pension of 10,000 rupees, you'll need to calculate the withdrawal rate based on your corpus.
Considering a withdrawal rate of 0.5% per month (equivalent to 6% annually), the required corpus would be 20 lakh rupees.
With a corpus of 2 crores, generating a monthly pension of 10,000 rupees is achievable.
Implementing SWP:

Choose Suitable Funds: Select mutual funds that align with your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and income requirements for SWP.
Determine Withdrawal Frequency: Decide on the frequency of withdrawals (monthly, quarterly, or annually) based on your cash flow needs.
Set Withdrawal Amount: Determine the fixed amount you wish to withdraw each month (in this case, 10,000 rupees).
Initiate SWP: Submit a request with your mutual fund house to commence the SWP. Specify the withdrawal frequency and amount.
Monitor Performance: Regularly monitor the performance of your mutual fund investments and adjust the withdrawal amount if necessary to ensure it aligns with your financial needs and the fund's performance.
Managing Risks:

Market Volatility: Fluctuations in the market can impact the value of your investments and the sustainability of your SWP. To mitigate this risk, consider investing in a diversified portfolio comprising equity, debt, and balanced funds.
Inflation: Inflation erodes the purchasing power of your pension over time. To counter inflation risk, opt for a SWP amount that allows for periodic adjustments to account for rising living costs.
Longevity Risk: Ensure that your corpus can sustain your desired withdrawal rate for the duration of your retirement, considering potential increases in life expectancy and healthcare costs.
Consultation with a Certified Financial Planner:

Seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner to assess your retirement income needs, risk tolerance, and investment strategy.
A financial planner can help optimize your SWP strategy, review your portfolio regularly, and make adjustments as needed to ensure financial security throughout your retirement years.
Implementing a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) can provide you with a reliable source of income during retirement, allowing you to enjoy financial independence and peace of mind. With proper planning, monitoring, and professional guidance, you can effectively manage your retirement finances and achieve your desired lifestyle goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Sir very good evening. Can you please suggest few names of funds for doing swp and sir minimum how much funds is required to deposit to avail every month one lakh pls explain briefly as i don't have knowledge about this, i shall be highly obliged to you. Regards
Ans: A Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments regularly. It provides a steady income stream while keeping your capital invested and potentially growing.

Benefits of SWP
Regular Income: SWP gives you a predictable monthly income, which is useful for meeting regular expenses.

Tax Efficiency: Only the gains portion of each withdrawal is taxed, making SWP more tax-efficient compared to other withdrawal methods.

Flexibility: You can choose the withdrawal frequency (monthly, quarterly, etc.) and adjust the amount as per your needs.

Estimating the Required Investment
To determine the amount needed to receive ?1 lakh per month through SWP, we need to consider the expected return on investment. For simplicity, let’s assume an average annual return of 8%.

Calculation Example
Annual Withdrawal: ?1 lakh per month equals ?12 lakh per year.

Expected Return: With an assumed return of 8%, we need to estimate the corpus.

Required Corpus: Using the formula for SWP, the required corpus can be approximated as ?1.5 crore. This ensures the withdrawals and returns balance over time.

Professional Advice
I recommend consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to get a precise calculation tailored to your financial situation.

Suggested Funds for SWP
When choosing funds for SWP, consider stability, performance, and track record. Here are some fund types to consider:

Balanced Funds
Balanced funds invest in both equities and debt instruments, providing a mix of growth and stability. They are suitable for generating regular income with moderate risk.

Debt Funds
Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities like bonds and government securities. They offer lower risk and steady returns, making them ideal for conservative investors seeking regular income.

Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds combine equity and debt investments. They offer the potential for higher returns compared to pure debt funds while maintaining lower volatility than equity funds.

Implementing SWP
Steps to Set Up SWP
Choose the Right Funds: Select funds that match your risk tolerance and income needs.

Invest the Corpus: Invest the required amount (e.g., ?1.5 crore) in the selected funds.

Set Up SWP: Contact your mutual fund distributor (MFD) or the fund house to set up the SWP. Specify the withdrawal amount (?1 lakh) and frequency (monthly).

Monitoring and Adjusting
Regularly review your investments and SWP plan. Adjust the withdrawal amount or switch funds if needed to ensure sustainability and meet your income needs.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Professional Management: Actively managed funds benefit from the expertise of fund managers who make strategic decisions to maximize returns.

Market Adaptability: These funds can adapt to changing market conditions, potentially leading to better performance compared to passive index funds.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Higher Effort: Direct funds require you to manage your investments, which can be time-consuming and complex.

Professional Guidance: Investing through an MFD with CFP credentials ensures you receive professional advice and management tailored to your goals.

Implementing an SWP can provide you with a steady income of ?1 lakh per month. Choose balanced, debt, or hybrid funds based on your risk tolerance. Consult a CFP to ensure your investment strategy aligns with your financial goals. Regular monitoring and adjustments will keep your plan on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi
Hi I'm 31 yo women earning 40k month working in govt sector... I have around 2L saved in bank fd/rd, 5L in stocks and mf, I invest 13.5k pm in mf sip and since I'm covered under nps a monthly contribution of 8.3k monthly goes to my nps account...I would like to buy a house in another 5 years...how should I go about this to achieve my goal assuming the cost of home would be 75 lakhs.
Ans: You're aiming to buy a house worth Rs. 75 lakhs in 5 years. Let's strategize to achieve this goal effectively.

Current Investments Overview
Savings and Investments
You have Rs. 2 lakh in bank FD/RD and Rs. 5 lakh in stocks and mutual funds. You invest Rs. 13.5k monthly in MF SIPs and contribute Rs. 8.3k monthly to NPS.

Investment Strategy for Home Purchase
Increase Savings
Review your expenses and create a budget. Allocate more towards savings for your house. Cut down on non-essential expenses.

Mutual Funds SIP
Continue with your MF SIPs. They provide disciplined savings and potential for growth. Consider increasing SIP amount gradually to accumulate more funds.

Actively Managed Funds
Choose actively managed funds for potentially higher returns. These funds are managed by professionals aiming to outperform the market.

NPS Contributions
Retirement Planning
NPS is a good retirement tool. Continue contributions as they also offer tax benefits. Ensure your asset allocation aligns with your risk profile.

Additional Investments
Equity Investments
Consider increasing exposure to stocks and equity mutual funds. They offer higher returns over the long term. Monitor and adjust based on market conditions.

Fixed Income Investments
Allocate a portion to fixed income instruments like FDs or debt mutual funds. They offer stability and are less volatile than equities.

Goal-based Investments
Short-term and Long-term Goals
Allocate funds specifically for your house purchase goal. This helps in tracking progress and ensures funds are available when needed.

Tax Planning
Utilize Tax Benefits
Utilize tax benefits available on investments. MFs, NPS, and FDs offer tax benefits under various sections. Plan investments to optimize tax savings.

Monitoring and Review
Regular Assessment
Review investments periodically. Ensure they are on track to meet your house purchase goal. Adjust investment allocations based on changing circumstances.

Market Conditions
Stay updated with market trends. Monitor economic conditions that impact investments. This helps in making informed decisions.

Final Insights
Achieving your goal of buying a house worth Rs. 75 lakhs in 5 years requires disciplined savings and strategic investments. Continue with MF SIPs, NPS contributions, and diversified investments. Monitor progress regularly and adjust investments as needed. Professional guidance can enhance your strategy.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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