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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 10, 2024Hindi

I am looking to invest a lumpsum or STP in a fixed income mutual fund. Can you please suggest me a good fund which can yield me a reasonable returns going long term.( for a min span of 2 years or above)

Ans: Exploring investment opportunities in fixed income mutual funds is a prudent step towards building a diversified portfolio with stable returns. Let's delve into the characteristics of these funds and identify a suitable option for your long-term investment horizon.

Understanding Fixed Income Mutual Funds:
Fixed income mutual funds primarily invest in debt instruments such as government securities, corporate bonds, and money market instruments. These funds aim to generate stable returns while preserving capital, making them suitable for investors seeking steady income and capital preservation.

Evaluating Investment Criteria:
Before selecting a fixed income mutual fund, consider the following criteria:

Investment Horizon: Given your minimum investment horizon of 2 years or above, opt for funds with a track record of consistent performance over the long term.

Risk Appetite: Assess your risk tolerance and opt for funds that align with your comfort level. Fixed income funds typically carry lower risk compared to equity funds, offering stability and income generation.

Identifying Suitable Funds:
Based on your investment criteria, consider the following types of fixed income mutual funds:

Short-Term Debt Funds: These funds invest in debt securities with shorter maturities, offering relatively stable returns over a short to medium-term horizon. They are ideal for investors seeking liquidity and lower interest rate risk.

Corporate Bond Funds: Corporate bond funds primarily invest in bonds issued by corporate entities, offering higher yields compared to government securities. These funds may carry slightly higher risk but can potentially deliver attractive returns over the long term.

Dynamic Bond Funds: Dynamic bond funds have the flexibility to adjust their portfolio duration and allocation based on interest rate movements and market conditions. They offer the potential for higher returns but may be subject to higher volatility.

Selecting the Right Fund:
After evaluating different types of fixed income mutual funds, choose a fund that aligns with your investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Consider factors such as fund manager expertise, expense ratio, and historical performance while making your decision.

Commitment to Financial Growth:
As you embark on your investment journey, rest assured that I'm committed to providing ongoing guidance and support. Your proactive approach to wealth creation sets the stage for long-term financial success and security.

Conclusion: Empowering Your Investment Decision
In conclusion, investing in a fixed income mutual fund can provide stability and steady returns over the long term, making it a valuable addition to your investment portfolio. By selecting a fund that matches your investment criteria and risk profile, you pave the way for financial growth and security in the years to come.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 31, 2024Hindi
I have 2 lakh and wanted to invest in lumpsum mutual fund for 10+ years. I am ready to take 100% risk. Please suggest me some funds
Ans: Long-Term Investment Strategies for High-Risk Appetite
Congratulations on your decision to invest Rs 2 lakh in mutual funds for the long term! Your readiness to take 100% risk suggests you are looking for high-growth opportunities. Let's explore various mutual fund options that align with your risk appetite and investment horizon.

Understanding High-Risk Investments
High-risk investments are typically equity-based. They offer the potential for high returns but come with significant volatility. For a 10+ year horizon, equity mutual funds are ideal. Let's dive into different types of equity funds that can suit your profile.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest primarily in stocks. They are categorized based on the market capitalization of the companies they invest in, the sectors they focus on, and their investment strategies.

Large-Cap Funds
Large-cap funds invest in well-established companies with large market capitalizations. These companies have a track record of stability and consistent growth.


Stability: Less volatile compared to mid-cap and small-cap funds.

Reliable Growth: Offer steady returns over the long term.


Large-cap funds are suitable for investors seeking moderate risk with reliable growth. They are less risky than mid-cap and small-cap funds but offer lower potential returns.

Mid-Cap Funds
Mid-cap funds invest in medium-sized companies. These companies have the potential for higher growth compared to large-cap companies but are also more volatile.


Growth Potential: Higher potential for capital appreciation than large-cap funds.

Balanced Risk: Moderate risk, balancing stability and growth.


Mid-cap funds are ideal for investors willing to take on moderate risk for higher returns. They offer a good balance between stability and growth potential.

Small-Cap Funds
Small-cap funds invest in smaller companies with high growth potential. These funds are the most volatile but can offer the highest returns over the long term.


High Returns: Potential for significant capital appreciation.

Growth Opportunities: Invest in emerging companies with high growth prospects.


Small-cap funds are best suited for aggressive investors ready to embrace high volatility for substantial returns. They require patience and a long-term outlook.

Multi-Cap Funds
Multi-cap funds invest in companies across various market capitalizations. They provide diversification by investing in large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap companies.


Diversification: Spread risk across different market capitalizations.

Flexibility: Fund managers can shift investments based on market conditions.


Multi-cap funds are ideal for investors seeking diversification and flexibility. They balance risk and reward by investing across the market spectrum.

Sectoral/Thematic Funds
Sectoral and thematic funds focus on specific sectors or investment themes. These funds can offer high returns if the chosen sector or theme performs well.


Focused Investment: Target high-growth sectors or themes.

High Returns: Potential for significant returns if the sector/theme performs well.


Sectoral/thematic funds are suitable for investors with strong convictions about specific sectors or themes. They carry higher risk due to concentrated exposure.

Active vs. Passive Funds
Active Funds:

Managed by Experts: Fund managers actively select stocks to outperform the market.

Higher Fees: Management fees are higher due to active management.

Passive Funds:

Track Index: Mimic the performance of a market index.

Lower Fees: Management fees are lower due to passive management.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Limited Growth: Passive funds can’t outperform the market.

Missed Opportunities: May miss out on high-growth stocks not in the index.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Higher Effort Required:

Self-Management: Investors need to manage and monitor investments themselves.
Less Guidance:

No Professional Advice: Lack of professional advice can lead to poor investment choices.
Benefits of Regular Funds:

Expert Management: Professional fund managers make informed decisions.

Convenience: Easier to manage with guidance from a certified financial planner (CFP).

Recommended Investment Approach
Given your high-risk appetite and long-term horizon, an aggressive investment approach is suitable. Here's a detailed plan:

Step 1: Allocate Funds Across Different Categories
Diversification: Spread your investment across different types of equity funds to balance risk and return.

Example Allocation:

Large-Cap Funds: 30% for stability and reliable growth.

Mid-Cap Funds: 30% for balanced risk and higher returns.

Small-Cap Funds: 20% for high growth potential.

Multi-Cap Funds: 20% for diversification and flexibility.

Step 2: Research and Select Funds
Performance Analysis: Choose funds with a strong track record of performance over at least five years.

Consistency: Look for consistency in returns and management expertise.

Fund Manager: Evaluate the experience and strategy of the fund manager.

Step 3: Monitor and Review Regularly
Regular Monitoring: Track the performance of your investments periodically.

Rebalance Portfolio: Adjust your portfolio based on performance and changing market conditions.

Stay Informed: Keep abreast of market trends and economic changes.

The Importance of Long-Term Investment
Compounding Returns: Long-term investments benefit from compounding, leading to significant growth.

Market Cycles: Staying invested through market cycles helps in averaging returns.

Patience Pays: Long-term investments mitigate short-term volatility and provide higher returns.

Tax Implications
Equity Funds: Long-term capital gains (LTCG) on equity funds are taxed at 10% if gains exceed Rs 1 lakh in a financial year.

Tax Planning: Consider tax-saving mutual funds (ELSS) for additional benefits.

Investing Rs 2 lakh in lumpsum mutual funds for a 10+ year horizon with a high-risk appetite is a prudent decision. Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and multi-cap funds to balance risk and maximize returns. Regularly monitor your portfolio and stay informed about market trends.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized guidance and ensure your investments align with your financial goals. With patience and disciplined investing, you can achieve significant growth over the long term.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5295 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 17, 2024Hindi
Hello, I am 32 years old and I started investing SIP 2 years ago and currently invested 5k in PGIM India Midcap and 5k in Mirae Asset and lump sum of 2.5L in Quant ELSS. I am planning to invest another 5k (total 15k pm) in SIP. Could you please suggest me any mutual fund to invest for long term ?
Ans: Financial Snapshot and Goals
Age: 32 years

Current SIP Investments: Rs 5,000 each in two mutual funds

Lump Sum Investment: Rs 2.5 lakhs in ELSS

Planned SIP Increase: Rs 5,000 (total Rs 15,000 monthly)

You have been investing for two years and are planning for the long term. Your current investments show a good mix of mid-cap and ELSS funds.

Current Investment Assessment

You have diversified your investments in mid-cap and ELSS funds. This is a good strategy.
Performance Monitoring:

Regularly check the performance of your investments. Ensure they align with your financial goals.
Risk Management:

Mid-cap funds can be volatile. Ensure you are comfortable with the risk level.
Additional Investment Considerations
Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Index funds passively track the market. They might not outperform during market downturns.

Actively managed funds have professional fund managers. They aim to outperform the market.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds:

Direct funds may seem cheaper but lack professional advice.

Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides tailored advice and support.

Recommended Investment Strategy

Add a large-cap fund for stability. They tend to be less volatile than mid-cap funds.

Consider a balanced or hybrid fund. They offer a mix of equity and debt for balanced growth.

Actively Managed Funds:

Actively managed funds have expert fund managers. They aim to beat market returns.

They provide better risk management and potential for higher returns.

Professional Guidance:

Investing through a CFP ensures your investments are well-managed.

Regular funds through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offer ongoing support.

Actionable Steps
Increase SIP Contributions:

Start with an additional Rs 5,000 SIP in a large-cap or balanced fund.

Gradually increase your SIP contributions as your income grows.

Seek Professional Advice:

Consult a CFP to review your investment portfolio. They can help tailor your strategy to your goals.
Regular Monitoring:

Monitor your investments regularly. Adjust based on performance and market conditions.
Long-Term Financial Planning
Goal Setting:

Define your financial goals. This could include retirement, buying a house, or children's education.

Align your investment strategy with these goals.

Risk Management:

Ensure your portfolio has a good mix of high and low-risk investments.

Diversify across different asset classes to manage risk.

Review and Adjust:

Periodically review your investment portfolio. Make adjustments as needed to stay on track.
Final Insights
You have a solid foundation with your current investments. By increasing your SIP contributions and diversifying further, you can achieve long-term financial growth. Seeking professional advice from a Certified Financial Planner will help optimize your investment strategy.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions
Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |2471 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Presently Im a class 12 commerce student and i want to join BCA for my degree next year but i dont know what are the careers after BCA.
Ans: Adella, first of all, shortlist top 5-10 colleges to get admission for your BCA.

Know the Eligibility Criteria / Admission Process / Entrance Exams (such as CUET & other Private Colleges' its own Entrance Exams) you will have to appear in.

There are multiple career options after BCA, but depends upon which specialization you will choose, which specilizations are available in the college you will join & which all skills you will upgrade. Some of the examples of specializations available for BCA are:

1) Software Development
2) Cyber Security
3) Data Analytics
4) Web Development
5) Mobile Application Development
6) Networking & System Administration
7) Cloud Computing
8) Digital Marketing
9) Multimedia & Animation
10) AI & ML
11) Full Stack Development & More.

After you get admission into BCA in any college:

1) Try to maintain a good academic performance.
2) Involve in co/extra-curricular activities.
3) Keep upgrading your skills, as recommended by your college faculties.
4) Start researching about the Recruiters/Companies visited your college for Campus Recruitment.
5) Have a Professional LinkedIn Profile.
6) Put Job Alerts related to your domain in LinkedIn.
7) Get notifications of job vacancies and go through the JD (Job Description) of each.
8) Know the Job Market Trends & keep analyzing how it changes till your 3rd year.
9) Connect with Professionals of your domain, get their advice/views/opinions for your Career Growth
10) At the end of your 3rd year, start applying for jobs through LinkedIn, matching your Profile and also prepare for your Campus Interview.

All the BEST for Your Bright Future.

To know more on ‘ Careers | Education | Jobs’, ask / Follow Us here in RediffGURUS.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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