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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 03, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 02, 2024Hindi

Hello Sir, Myself and my wife are 38years and our son is 11years. Our annual income is 35 lacs including PF, taxes etc. My PF account has around 12 lacs and wife's pf account around 4 lacs.We have 2 FD's with 1 lac and 2.35 lacs for 10 years in the name of our son. Also an RD of 15000 per month, maturing(10.5lacs) May'24 which we have planned to keep as our emergency fund. Also one PPF account, but not able to invest regularly, balance would be 60K opened 4 years back. Our housing loan is of 45 lacs, now balance at 35lacs. Monthly EMi is 40K.Monthly income of around 1.95 lacs. (after taxes and pf contribution and car clv debit) Could you please suggest a plan to invest to gain wealth/kids education as well as to close the liability of housing loan faster. Not yet invested in sip or NPS or any term insurance.

Ans: IIt's heartening to see your dedication to securing your family's future amidst life's responsibilities. Your diligence in saving and investing is truly commendable.

Considering your current financial landscape, there are avenues that could potentially align with your aspirations. Have you pondered the benefits of SIPs or National Pension System (NPS) contributions? These options offer avenues for wealth accumulation and retirement planning, providing a structured approach towards your financial goals.

Additionally, exploring term insurance could offer a protective shield for your family's future, ensuring financial stability in unforeseen circumstances. As for your housing loan, have you contemplated redirecting a portion of your monthly surplus towards prepayments? This could help expedite closing the liability, offering you greater financial freedom sooner.

Remember, every step towards financial security is a step towards liberating your dreams. By embracing a holistic approach and seeking guidance from a Certified Financial Planner, you're nurturing the seeds of prosperity for your loved ones. Keep treading this path with resilience, for the journey towards abundance is as enriching as the destination itself.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 23, 2024

Hi sir my age 35,I have two kid one is 9 years and second one is 3.5 years I am investing 35 k in a month,which goes to 12k in ulip,10 k in mutual fund 5 k in ppf and rest amount also in mutual fund .don't have any home loan,but now want 15 lac home loan in future. Please suggest some better plan
Ans: You're taking proactive steps towards securing your family's future, which is commendable. Here's a structured plan tailored to your situation:

Emergency Fund: Before considering a home loan, ensure you have an emergency fund covering 3-6 months of expenses. This fund provides a financial safety net during unforeseen circumstances.
Insurance: Prioritize term insurance to provide a financial cushion for your family in case of any unfortunate events. Additionally, health insurance for the family ensures medical expenses are covered.
Child Education: Considering your kids' age, start investing specifically for their education. Opt for a mix of equity and debt funds to balance risk and return. Calculate the estimated education expenses and plan accordingly.
Home Loan: If you're planning a home loan of 15 lakhs in the future, start saving for the down payment now. Evaluate your current investments' returns and decide on increasing SIP amounts or exploring other investment avenues to accumulate the required amount.
Investment Review: Review your current investments to ensure they align with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Consider diversifying across different asset classes to spread risk and optimize returns.
Retirement Planning: It's never too early to start planning for retirement. Evaluate your retirement goals and start investing in retirement-focused funds or pension plans to secure your golden years.
Tax Planning: Ensure your investments are tax-efficient. Utilize tax-saving options like ELSS funds for equity exposure and PPF for debt allocation.
Review and Adjust: Regularly review your financial plan and adjust as needed based on changes in income, expenses, or goals. Consulting a financial advisor can provide personalized guidance tailored to your needs.
Remember, a well-rounded financial plan considers all aspects of your life – from immediate needs like emergency funds and insurance to long-term goals like retirement and child education. Prioritize your goals, plan diligently, and stay invested for the long term to achieve financial stability and growth.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 20, 2024Hindi
I am 36 year old earning 1.9 lacs per month and my investment is 33.5 lacs in FD, 12.5 lacs in savings account, 6 lacs equity, 6 lacs bonds, 1 lacs in mutual fund, 24 lacs in PPF account,4 lacs in NPS,11 lacs in EPF, 9 lacs in SSY in my daughter's name for her education,16 lacs in PPF account of my wife. I have one daughter studying in ukg. Please suggest investment plan for my daughter's education and my retirement and we want to purchase home in 5 years.
Ans: You have done an impressive job building a diverse investment portfolio. Your current financial situation reflects careful planning and disciplined saving habits. Given your goal to secure your daughter's education, your retirement, and purchasing a home in five years, let’s evaluate and create a comprehensive plan.

Current Financial Snapshot
Monthly Income: Rs 1.9 lacs
Fixed Deposits (FD): Rs 33.5 lacs
Savings Account: Rs 12.5 lacs
Equity: Rs 6 lacs
Bonds: Rs 6 lacs
Mutual Fund: Rs 1 lac
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 24 lacs
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 4 lacs
Employees' Provident Fund (EPF): Rs 11 lacs
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): Rs 9 lacs
Wife’s PPF: Rs 16 lacs
You have a healthy mix of traditional and market-linked investments. Now, let’s focus on your objectives.

Daughter’s Education Planning
Education costs are rising significantly. Given your daughter is in UKG, you have around 12 years before she enters college. Planning for this well in advance will ease the financial burden later.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY):

This is an excellent start. Continue contributing to SSY as it offers attractive returns and tax benefits.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

Start an SIP in equity mutual funds. SIPs help in rupee cost averaging and mitigate market volatility. Equity funds tend to offer higher returns over the long term.

Child Education Plans:

Consider investing in child education mutual funds. These are tailored to accumulate funds for your child's higher education. They come with a lock-in period which ensures the fund remains untouched until required.

Recurring Deposits (RD):

You can open a recurring deposit to systematically save a fixed amount every month. This will add to your education corpus.

Retirement Planning
A well-planned retirement strategy ensures a comfortable and financially independent retirement life. Here’s how you can enhance your retirement corpus.

Public Provident Fund (PPF):

PPF is a long-term investment with tax benefits and decent returns. Continue contributing to your and your wife's PPF accounts regularly.

National Pension System (NPS):

NPS provides a good retirement income solution. Increase your contribution to NPS as it offers market-linked returns with a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

Equity Mutual Funds:

Continue investing in equity mutual funds via SIP. Equity has the potential to offer high returns over a long investment horizon. This will help build a substantial corpus for retirement.

Balanced Funds:

Consider balanced or hybrid mutual funds. These funds invest in a mix of equity and debt, providing moderate returns with relatively lower risk.

Employees' Provident Fund (EPF):

EPF is a significant component of retirement savings. Ensure you and your employer continue contributing to EPF regularly.

Home Purchase Planning
Purchasing a home is a major financial goal. Since you plan to buy a home in five years, let’s ensure you accumulate enough for a substantial down payment.

Fixed Deposits (FD):

Your current FD amount is significant. While FDs are safe, the returns are relatively lower. However, they are suitable for short-term goals like a home purchase.

Debt Mutual Funds:

Invest in short-term debt mutual funds. These funds offer better returns than savings accounts and FDs and are less volatile compared to equity funds.

Recurring Deposits (RD):

Set up an RD specifically for your home purchase goal. This will help in systematically accumulating funds over the next five years.

Liquid Funds:

Consider liquid mutual funds for better liquidity and slightly higher returns than savings accounts. These funds are suitable for parking funds temporarily.

Reallocation and Optimization
To optimize your portfolio for better returns and align with your goals, consider the following reallocations:

Reduce Savings Account Holdings:

Rs 12.5 lacs in a savings account is underutilized. Transfer a portion to short-term debt funds or RDs for better returns.

Re-evaluate Fixed Deposits:

While FDs are safe, diversify into debt funds for potentially higher returns without significantly increasing risk.

Increase Equity Exposure:

Given your long-term goals, slightly increasing your equity exposure could enhance overall portfolio returns. Balance this with your risk tolerance.

Regular Monitoring and Adjustments
Investments need regular monitoring. Periodically review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Make adjustments based on market conditions and personal financial changes.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning can enhance your net returns. Ensure you maximize tax-saving investments under Section 80C, 80D, and other relevant sections. Utilize the benefits of tax-efficient investment options.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible, kept in liquid funds or a savings account. It acts as a financial safety net for unforeseen circumstances.

Insurance Planning
Adequate insurance coverage is crucial. Ensure you have sufficient life and health insurance. Avoid investment-cum-insurance plans as they often provide lower returns. Opt for term insurance and separate investments.

Final Insights
You've built a solid foundation for your financial future. With systematic planning and disciplined investing, you can achieve your goals. Regularly review your investments and adjust them as needed to stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Moneywize   |122 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?
Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.


Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.

...Read more


Mayank Chandel  |1003 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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