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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 14, 2024Hindi

I am 46 and Wife 45, together earns 1Cr/Year and No liabilities so far, Started investing in SIP around 2L / Month since a year . We have 3 homes in Bangalore Rental Income of around 70K/Month, one home we are staying. At present Our PF value is around 1.1Cr (together ), Mutual fund so far around 75L. If we continue same investment until 55 years , any idea what would be our retirement asset? Do I need to plan anything beyond?

Ans: Let me start by commending you both on your prudent financial decisions and disciplined approach towards investments. It's evident that you're well-positioned to achieve your retirement goals with your current financial trajectory.

Assessing Your Current Financial Status

At 46 and 45 years of age, earning a combined income of ?1 crore per year without any liabilities is indeed commendable. Additionally, your diverse investment portfolio comprising SIPs, rental income from properties, and substantial savings in PF and mutual funds reflects a balanced approach to wealth accumulation.

Evaluating Retirement Assets

With your current SIP investments of ?2 lakh per month and assuming a continued investment until the age of 55, it's essential to assess the potential growth of your retirement assets. Alongside your existing assets in PF and mutual funds, your rental income from properties adds to your retirement corpus.

Analyzing Investment Strategy

Your decision to invest primarily through SIPs demonstrates a disciplined savings approach, leveraging the power of compounding over the long term. However, it's crucial to periodically review your investment strategy to ensure alignment with your retirement goals and risk tolerance.

Forecasting Retirement Corpus

While it's challenging to provide an exact figure without detailed calculations, based on your current investment trajectory and assuming a reasonable rate of return on your investments, it's likely that your retirement assets would significantly grow by the age of 55.

Planning Beyond Retirement

While your current financial situation appears robust, it's prudent to consider additional aspects to enhance your retirement planning:

Healthcare Costs: Factor in potential healthcare expenses post-retirement and consider investing in health insurance plans to mitigate financial risks associated with medical emergencies.

Estate Planning: Review your estate planning strategies, including wills and trusts, to ensure seamless transfer of assets to your heirs and minimize tax liabilities.

Lifestyle Expenses: Evaluate your desired lifestyle post-retirement and estimate the expenses required to maintain your standard of living. Consider allocating additional funds towards leisure activities and travel, if desired.

Final Words

As Certified Financial Planners, our goal is to empower you with the knowledge and strategies needed to achieve your retirement objectives. With your disciplined savings habits and diversified investment portfolio, you're well-positioned to enjoy a comfortable and secure retirement.

Warm Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 01, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am a 44 year old IT professional, married with no kids, and I'm planning to retire from active work by 46 (with an option to pick up some freelance engagements). Few basic information are as below: 1. 3 houses paid for, worth approx INR 5.5 Cr 2. Cumulative FD worth INR 2 Cr, split between myself & spouse 3. NPS worth INR 13 lakhs 4. MF portfolio worth approx INR 40 lakhs 5. Medical insurance with a cumulative coverage of INR 1.5 Cr, for self & spouse. 6. Parents are not financially dependent on me. 7. Current monthly expenses are around INR 1.5 lakh. 8. Annual holiday pegged at INR 20 lakhs 9. No rental yield from the houses, as they're self occupied I will continue to save/invest approx INR 6.5 lakh per month till my retirement date, which is tentatively set for mid 2026. My questions are as below: 1. Assuming I have a net savings/investment of INR 4 Cr, along with the 3 houses, will it lead to a sufficient retirement corpus. 2. If I need to continue living a similar lifestyle, how much will I need as a corpus. Thanks in advance.
Ans: Retirement planning is crucial, especially when you're aiming to retire early and maintain a comfortable lifestyle. Let's delve into a comprehensive analysis of your financial situation and create a strategy to ensure a secure and enjoyable retirement.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Assets and Investments

Three Houses: Worth approximately Rs. 5.5 crore. These are self-occupied and provide no rental income.
Fixed Deposits: Totaling Rs. 2 crore, split between you and your spouse.
National Pension System (NPS): Worth Rs. 13 lakh.
Mutual Fund Portfolio: Valued at around Rs. 40 lakh.
Medical Insurance: Coverage of Rs. 1.5 crore for you and your spouse.
Current Expenses

Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Annual Holiday Expenses: Rs. 20 lakh.
Savings and Investments Until Retirement

You will save and invest Rs. 6.5 lakh per month until mid-2026.
Evaluating Your Retirement Corpus Requirements
Estimation of Required Corpus

To estimate your retirement corpus, we need to consider your current expenses, inflation, and your expected lifespan. Let's break this down step by step.

Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Annual Expenses: Rs. 1.5 lakh x 12 = Rs. 18 lakh.
Annual Holiday Expenses: Rs. 20 lakh.
Total Annual Expenses: Rs. 18 lakh + Rs. 20 lakh = Rs. 38 lakh.
Accounting for Inflation
Inflation reduces the purchasing power of money over time. Assuming an average inflation rate of 6% per annum, we need to estimate your future expenses.

Calculating Future Expenses
You are currently 44 and plan to retire at 46. Let's assume you live till 85, giving us a retirement period of 39 years.

Future Value of Annual Expenses: Rs. 38 lakh will increase due to inflation.

So, your annual expenses at the start of retirement will be approximately Rs. 42.7 lakh.

Total Corpus Required
To maintain a similar lifestyle throughout your retirement, we need to calculate the corpus required to support these expenses, adjusted for inflation over 39 years.

Considering Withdrawal Rate
A common rule of thumb is the 4% withdrawal rate, which suggests you can withdraw 4% of your retirement corpus annually without depleting it prematurely.

Corpus Required for First Year Expenses:

you need approximately Rs. 10.67 crore at the start of your retirement.

Analyzing the Gap
Required Corpus: Rs. 10.67 crore.

Projected Corpus by Retirement: Rs. 4.48 crore.

Gap: Rs. 10.67 crore - Rs. 4.48 crore ≈ Rs. 6.19 crore.

Strategies to Bridge the Gap
Optimizing Investments

Reallocate Assets: Shift some FD and mutual funds into higher growth options like equity mutual funds. This can potentially provide higher returns.

Increase Savings Rate: If possible, increase your monthly savings rate.

Extend Retirement Date: Consider extending your retirement by a few years to accumulate a larger corpus.

Detailed Investment Strategies

Equity Mutual Funds
Investing in equity mutual funds offers growth potential. These funds can provide returns that beat inflation over the long term. Focus on large-cap and diversified equity funds to manage risk.

Hybrid Mutual Funds
Hybrid funds offer a balanced approach, combining equity and debt. They provide growth with reduced volatility. These can be a good addition to your portfolio for stability and growth.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds are less volatile and provide stable returns. They are suitable for preserving capital and generating regular income. Include a mix of short-term and medium-term debt funds.

National Pension System (NPS)
Continue contributing to NPS. It offers tax benefits and market-linked returns. At retirement, use a portion for annuities and withdraw the rest.

Realign Fixed Deposits
Consider moving a portion of your fixed deposits to mutual funds or other growth-oriented investments. FDs offer safety but lower returns compared to mutual funds.

Medical Insurance Coverage
Your medical insurance coverage of Rs. 1.5 crore is sufficient. Ensure it continues post-retirement. Consider adding top-up plans if needed.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Rebalance it to maintain the desired asset allocation. Adjust based on market conditions and your financial goals.

Risk Management
Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures liquidity for unforeseen expenses.


Diversify your investments across asset classes to reduce risk. Avoid putting all your money in one type of investment.

Monitoring Expenses
Track Expenses

Keep track of your expenses. Adjust your budget if needed to ensure you stay within your retirement income.

Manage Lifestyle Inflation

Be cautious of lifestyle inflation. As your income grows, avoid unnecessary expenses that can erode your savings.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Withdrawals

Plan your withdrawals to minimize tax liability. Use systematic withdrawal plans (SWP) from mutual funds for regular income.

Utilize Tax Benefits

Take advantage of tax-saving investments under Section 80C, 80D, and other applicable sections. This reduces your taxable income.

Freelance Engagements
Consider freelance work post-retirement. It can provide additional income and keep you engaged. This can reduce the pressure on your retirement corpus.

Retirement planning requires careful analysis and strategy. With your current savings and planned investments, you're on the right track. By optimizing your investments, increasing savings, and managing expenses, you can build a sufficient retirement corpus.

Ensure regular review and rebalancing of your portfolio. Work with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to tailor your strategy and achieve your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 18, 2024

I am 39 and my wife is 36. Both at a good position and in a stable company with minimum 15 to 20% increment. Our earning is 7 lacs per month. Have 5 properties worth 8-9 crores. Have ppf with 1.5 lacs per year for us as well as our 2 kids (1.6 years and 10 years. Their pof started when they were 2 months). I have 20 lacs in equity shares too. No loans or emis to pay. We plan 2 international trips per year and want to continue it. We both plan to retire by 50. Any suggestions on investments or how we are doing?
Ans: Evaluating Your Financial Position
You and your wife are in a strong financial position. Your monthly income of Rs 7 lakhs and your investments indicate stability and growth. Your ability to manage without loans or EMIs is commendable.

Investment in Properties
Having five properties valued between Rs 8-9 crores is significant. While property investment has its advantages, liquidity can be an issue. Selling property quickly for a fair price can be challenging.

Consolidating Equity Shares
Holding Rs 20 lakhs in equity shares shows an interest in the stock market. However, managing individual stocks requires time, knowledge, and constant monitoring. Market volatility can impact your returns significantly. Consider consolidating your equity shares into equity mutual funds. This will provide professional management and diversification.

Public Provident Fund (PPF) Contributions
Contributing Rs 1.5 lakhs per year to PPF for you and your children is a prudent move. PPF offers safety, tax benefits, and decent returns over the long term. It's good to continue this disciplined investment approach.

Actively Managed Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds managed by professionals can offer better returns. They can help in achieving your financial goals. The expertise of fund managers can mitigate risks associated with market fluctuations. Actively managed funds often outperform index funds due to active portfolio adjustments.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds follow the market index passively. They do not react to market changes quickly. This can lead to missed opportunities during market fluctuations. Actively managed funds, on the other hand, can take advantage of market trends and opportunities.

Benefits of Investing Through a Certified Financial Planner
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers personalized advice. CFPs can help in aligning your investments with your financial goals. They also offer ongoing management and adjustments to your portfolio. This ensures that your investments stay on track with your objectives.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds might seem attractive due to lower costs. However, they require a high level of financial expertise and time. Without professional advice, there's a risk of making suboptimal investment decisions. Regular funds through a CFP provide guidance, regular reviews, and adjustments.

International Travel Plans
Your plan for two international trips per year is achievable with careful financial planning. Setting aside a specific travel fund will ensure that your travel plans do not impact your long-term investments.

Planning for Early Retirement
Planning to retire by 50 is ambitious and requires disciplined saving and investing. Ensure your investments can provide a steady income post-retirement. A CFP can help you design a retirement plan that aligns with your lifestyle goals.

Insurance and Investment Policies
If you hold LIC, ULIP, or investment-cum-insurance policies, consider reviewing them. These policies often offer lower returns compared to mutual funds. Surrendering these policies and reinvesting in mutual funds can provide better returns. However, ensure you have adequate term insurance to cover your life insurance needs.

Children's Education and Future Planning
Investing in your children's future is crucial. Continue with your PPF contributions for them. Additionally, consider starting a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in mutual funds for their education. This can provide substantial returns over the long term and help in meeting education expenses.

Diversifying Your Portfolio
Diversification is key to managing investment risks. Alongside equity mutual funds, consider investing in debt mutual funds. Debt funds provide stability and lower risk compared to equities. A balanced portfolio with a mix of equity and debt can optimize returns and reduce risk.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund is crucial. This fund should cover at least six months of your living expenses. It provides a safety net during unforeseen circumstances like medical emergencies or job loss.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio is essential. Market conditions and personal financial goals change over time. Regular reviews ensure your investments remain aligned with your goals. Rebalancing helps in maintaining the desired asset allocation and risk level.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning can enhance your returns. Utilize all available tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, 80D, and other relevant sections. A CFP can help you in optimizing your tax liabilities and increasing your net returns.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Clear financial goals provide direction and purpose to your investments. Short-term goals like international trips and long-term goals like retirement and children’s education should be defined. Having a clear timeline and financial target for each goal helps in systematic planning and investment.

Utilizing the Power of Compounding
Start investing early and regularly to benefit from the power of compounding. Compounding helps in growing your wealth exponentially over time. Consistent and disciplined investing is key to achieving your financial goals.

Understanding Risk Appetite
Understanding your risk appetite is crucial before making investment decisions. Equity mutual funds are suitable for investors with a high-risk tolerance. Debt funds and PPF are suitable for those with a lower risk appetite. A CFP can help in assessing your risk tolerance and suggesting appropriate investments.

Achieving Financial Independence
Achieving financial independence requires a well-thought-out plan. Your aim to retire by 50 is achievable with disciplined saving and investing. Ensure your retirement corpus can sustain your lifestyle post-retirement. A CFP can help in calculating the required corpus and planning accordingly.

Professional Guidance
Professional guidance from a CFP ensures that your investments are well-managed. They provide insights, regular updates, and adjustments to your portfolio. This helps in optimizing returns and achieving your financial goals.

Financial Discipline
Maintaining financial discipline is crucial for long-term success. Regular investments, budgeting, and avoiding unnecessary expenses contribute to financial stability. Stick to your financial plan and review it periodically.

Final Insights
Your current financial situation is strong and promising. With strategic planning and professional guidance, you can achieve your financial goals. Consider consolidating your equity shares into mutual funds for better management. Regular reviews and rebalancing of your portfolio are essential. Investing through a CFP provides personalized advice and professional management. Continue with your disciplined approach to PPF and ensure adequate insurance coverage. Planning for your children's future and maintaining an emergency fund is crucial. Focus on diversification and effective tax planning to optimize returns. With a clear financial plan, you can achieve your goal of early retirement and financial independence.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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Asked by Anonymous - Jul 18, 2024Hindi
What is better to choose between vet or bpharm (I am a gen category student).According to my research I came to know that in today's market the bpharm graduates are not even considered as reputated pharmacists,after the degree too they get placements of 12k-15k per month only and growth even after a master's is not much. Whereas in vet gov vacancies are open but will everyone get the gov jobs ? Also in coming years what are the demands of these both fields and what is better to choose
Ans: Hi,
It seems there may be some misunderstanding and disappointment regarding the analysis of job opportunities in the pharmaceutical field. It's important to note that the pharmaceutical sector still holds promising prospects. However, it is essential for candidates to acquire in-depth knowledge. Completing a B.Pharm alone does not guarantee comprehensive expertise. It's essential to delve beyond the basic surface-level knowledge obtained during undergraduate studies. I'm unaware of your state of residence and the college where you pursued your B.Pharm.

Key locations with a strong pharmaceutical industry presence include Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. Chennai also has a few reputable pharmaceutical companies, albeit in limited numbers. It's crucial to consider your career choice rather than just a job. What is your preference: IT, Marketing/Sales, or Core Pharma? In IT, the remuneration is considerably higher in comparison to core pharmaceutical roles, but sustainability may be a concern. On the other hand, Sales/Marketing requires hard work but offers significantly better remuneration, e.g., INR 6-8L per annum. If the pharmaceutical industry is your preference, starting packages for fresh B. Pharm graduates typically range between INR 15,000 to 25,000.

Ultimately, the decision is yours to make. I wish you the best for your future endeavors.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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