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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Imtiyaz Question by Imtiyaz on Jun 04, 2024Hindi

I am 41 years old aspiring to retire at 55 years. I ear 4 lacs a month. After all expenses, I can save around 2 lacs a month. I want a corpse of 5 cr at retirement. How shall I go ahead with investment?

Ans: Retirement planning is essential for financial security. Given your desire to retire at 55, strategic investment is vital. Your income and savings capacity set a strong foundation. Let’s explore a step-by-step approach to achieve your goal of accumulating Rs 5 crore by retirement.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Firstly, it’s important to understand your current financial status. You earn Rs 4 lakhs per month and save Rs 2 lakhs after expenses. At 41, you have 14 years to grow your savings. This timeline is sufficient but requires disciplined and informed investment strategies.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Your goal is to amass Rs 5 crore by the age of 55. Breaking down this target into manageable steps helps in formulating an effective investment plan.

Calculate the Total Savings Needed: You need Rs 5 crore in 14 years. Using a financial calculator, we can estimate the monthly savings required.

Establish a Savings Plan: With your current savings rate of Rs 2 lakhs per month, we need to project the growth of these savings to ensure they meet your target.

Estimating Growth with Compound Interest
Compound interest is a powerful tool in wealth accumulation. Let's assume an annual return of 12%, a reasonable expectation for a diversified investment portfolio. Using this rate, we can calculate the future value of your monthly savings.

Formula: Future Value = P * ((1 + r/n)^(nt) - 1) / (r/n)


P = monthly savings (Rs 2 lakhs)
r = annual interest rate (0.12)
n = number of times interest is compounded per year (12)
t = number of years (14)
Using these variables, you can calculate the future value of your savings.

Choosing the Right Investment Vehicles
Selecting the right mix of investments is crucial. A diversified portfolio reduces risk and enhances returns. Here are some investment options to consider:

1. Mutual Funds
Mutual funds pool money from many investors to purchase securities. They offer diversification, professional management, and liquidity. Actively managed mutual funds, in particular, are beneficial due to their potential for higher returns compared to index funds.

Equity Mutual Funds: Suitable for long-term growth. They invest in stocks and have the potential for high returns.
Debt Mutual Funds: These funds invest in fixed-income securities and are less volatile than equity funds. They provide stability and regular income.
2. Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a method of investing a fixed amount regularly in mutual funds. It instills financial discipline and takes advantage of rupee cost averaging, reducing the impact of market volatility.

Advantages of SIP:
Regular investing minimizes the risk of market timing.
Helps in building a large corpus over time.
Suitable for your monthly saving capacity.
Calculating Future Value of SIP
Assume you invest Rs 2 lakhs monthly via SIP in equity mutual funds with an expected return of 12% per annum.

Formula: Future Value of SIP = P * ((1 + r/n)^(nt) - 1) / (r/n)

Using this formula with:

P = Rs 2 lakhs
r = 0.12
n = 12
t = 14
You can determine the future value of your SIP investments.

Balancing Your Investment Portfolio
Diversification is key to minimizing risks. Balancing your portfolio between equity and debt mutual funds is prudent.

1. Equity Mutual Funds:
Large-Cap Funds: Invest in large, well-established companies. These funds offer stability and moderate returns.
Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Funds: Invest in medium and small-sized companies with high growth potential. These are riskier but can yield higher returns.
2. Debt Mutual Funds:
Short-Term Debt Funds: Suitable for conservative investors, offering lower returns but higher stability.
Long-Term Debt Funds: These can provide better returns compared to short-term funds and are less volatile than equity funds.
Periodic Review and Rebalancing
Regularly reviewing your investment portfolio is crucial. Markets fluctuate, and your financial goals may change. Rebalancing ensures your portfolio remains aligned with your risk tolerance and objectives.

1. Annual Review:
Assess the performance of your investments.
Adjust the allocation between equity and debt funds if necessary.
Ensure your portfolio remains diversified and aligned with your retirement goal.
Tax Considerations
Understanding the tax implications of your investments can help maximize returns. Different investment vehicles have varying tax treatments.

1. Equity Mutual Funds:
Long-Term Capital Gains (LTCG): Gains over Rs 1 lakh in a financial year are taxed at 10%.
Short-Term Capital Gains (STCG): Gains are taxed at 15%.
2. Debt Mutual Funds:
LTCG: Gains are taxed at 20% after indexation.
STCG: Gains are added to your income and taxed as per your income slab.
Utilizing Tax Saving Instruments
Investing in tax-saving instruments under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act can reduce your taxable income. However, ensure these investments align with your overall financial plan.

1. Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS):
ELSS funds provide tax benefits under Section 80C and have a mandatory lock-in period of three years. They primarily invest in equities and can offer substantial returns.

2. Public Provident Fund (PPF):
PPF is a long-term savings instrument with tax benefits. The interest earned and the maturity amount are tax-free, providing a safe investment option.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Let's summarize the future value calculation for your monthly SIP investments to estimate the corpus at retirement.

Monthly Investment (P): Rs 2 lakhs
Annual Interest Rate (r): 12%
Compounding Frequency (n): 12
Investment Period (t): 14 years
Using the future value formula, we can calculate the corpus at retirement. This projection will show if your savings will meet the Rs 5 crore target.

Monitoring Inflation
Inflation erodes purchasing power over time. Considering inflation in your retirement planning ensures that your corpus retains its value.

1. Inflation Rate Assumption:
Assume an average inflation rate of 6% per annum. This impacts the real value of your retirement corpus.

2. Adjusting for Inflation:
Calculate the inflation-adjusted value of Rs 5 crore.
Ensure your investments grow at a rate higher than inflation.
Risk Management
Investing involves risks, and managing these risks is crucial for financial stability. Diversifying your investments and choosing a mix of assets can mitigate risks.

1. Market Risk:
Equity investments are subject to market volatility. Diversification across sectors and companies reduces this risk.

2. Credit Risk:
Debt investments carry credit risk, the possibility of default by issuers. Selecting high-quality debt instruments minimizes this risk.

Seeking Professional Guidance
While you can manage your investments independently, seeking advice from a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized strategies.

1. Advantages of CFP:
Expertise in financial planning and investment management.
Personalized advice based on your financial goals and risk tolerance.
2. Periodic Consultations:
Regular meetings with a CFP ensure your investment strategy remains on track. Adjustments based on market conditions and life changes can be made promptly.

Final Insights
Achieving a retirement corpus of Rs 5 crore by the age of 55 requires strategic planning and disciplined investing. Your current saving capacity of Rs 2 lakhs per month is a strong start. By leveraging the power of compound interest, diversifying your portfolio, and periodically reviewing your investments, you can reach your goal.

A combination of equity and debt mutual funds, along with a systematic investment plan (SIP), provides a balanced approach. Consider tax implications and adjust for inflation to maintain the real value of your corpus.

Remember, investing is a journey that requires regular monitoring and adjustments. Stay informed, seek professional guidance when necessary, and remain committed to your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 08, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 16, 2024Hindi
Hi, I have 5 lac rs monthly in hand, rs 1.2 crores in equity and 85 lacs in PF. Another 20 lacs in NPS and ppf. I am 49 years now and would like to retire early. I can save at least 2.5 lacs a month. Share the investment strategy so that I will have minimum 2 lac monthly income after my retirement covering inflation for next 25 years.
Ans: It's great to hear that you're thinking about retirement planning. Here's a strategy to help you achieve your goal of a minimum monthly income of 2 lakhs after retirement:
1. Diversify Investments: Given your substantial monthly income and existing investments, continue diversifying your portfolio across various asset classes such as equities, bonds, real estate investment trusts (REITs), and fixed income instruments.
2. Equity Investments: Since you have a significant portion of your wealth in equities, focus on investing in blue-chip stocks, dividend-paying stocks, and mutual funds with a track record of consistent performance. Consider allocating a portion of your monthly savings to SIPs in well-managed equity funds to benefit from compounding over time.
3. Fixed Income: To generate a steady income stream during retirement, consider investing in fixed income instruments like government bonds, corporate bonds, and fixed deposits. Additionally, explore debt mutual funds that offer higher returns than traditional fixed deposits while maintaining liquidity.
4. Real Estate: Given your substantial savings, consider investing in income-generating real estate properties such as rental apartments, commercial spaces, or REITs. Real estate can provide a stable source of passive income, which can supplement your retirement income.
5. Retirement Accounts: Maximize contributions to retirement accounts like the National Pension System (NPS) and Public Provident Fund (PPF) to benefit from tax advantages and build a corpus for retirement. Since you already have significant savings in these accounts, continue contributing regularly to maximize their growth potential.
6. Review and Adjust: Regularly review your investment portfolio and make necessary adjustments based on changing market conditions, your risk tolerance, and financial goals. As you approach retirement, gradually shift towards more conservative investments to protect your capital and ensure a steady income stream.
7. Consult a Financial Advisor: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to create a comprehensive retirement plan tailored to your specific needs and goals. They can provide personalized advice and help you navigate complex financial decisions, ensuring a comfortable retirement lifestyle.
By following these steps and staying disciplined in your savings and investment approach, you can work towards achieving your goal of a minimum 2 lakh monthly income after retirement, covering inflation for the next 25 years. Remember to stay focused on your long-term objectives and adjust your strategy as needed to stay on track.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 16, 2024Hindi
Hi, I plan to retire in 2 yrs time .im 53 now . I will have a corpus of 4 crores by that time. If i need to get an income of 1 lac , what are possibilities of investment. I have no liabilities in terms of any loans . My wife is a homemaker and my son will be in his first year of engineering this year and i Have set across separate funds for his education
Ans: Planning for Retirement Income
Congratulations on nearing retirement with a substantial corpus. Generating a steady income of ?1 lakh per month from a ?4 crore corpus is achievable with careful planning. Let's explore some investment possibilities to achieve this goal.

Diversified Investment Strategy
A diversified investment strategy can help manage risk and provide a steady income. Consider a mix of the following:

Fixed Deposits and Debt Funds
Fixed Deposits (FDs) and debt funds offer stability and guaranteed returns. Allocate a portion of your corpus to FDs and high-quality debt funds to ensure a reliable income stream. Debt funds, especially short-term and ultra-short-term funds, offer better liquidity and tax efficiency compared to FDs.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs) from Mutual Funds
Mutual Funds, particularly hybrid funds (balanced funds), can provide growth and income. Using a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from these funds allows you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly. This method can offer both capital appreciation and regular income. Opt for funds with a good track record and consistent performance.

Monthly Income Schemes (MIS)
Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS) is a government-backed investment offering a fixed monthly income. It is a low-risk investment, suitable for retirees seeking guaranteed returns. The interest rates are periodically revised, and it provides assured returns.

Dividend-paying Stocks and Equity Funds
Investing in dividend-paying stocks or equity mutual funds with a focus on dividend yields can provide regular income. Although dividends are subject to market risks, selecting well-established companies with a history of stable dividends can be beneficial.

Senior Citizens’ Saving Scheme (SCSS)
SCSS is a government-backed savings instrument specifically for senior citizens. It offers attractive interest rates and provides regular quarterly interest payments. The current interest rates are attractive, making it a viable option for a portion of your corpus.

Balanced Portfolio Allocation
To achieve an income of ?1 lakh per month, a balanced portfolio allocation is crucial. Here is a suggested allocation:

Fixed Deposits and Debt Funds: 30-40% for stability and guaranteed returns.

SWPs from Mutual Funds: 30-40% for growth and regular income.

Dividend-paying Stocks and Equity Funds: 20-30% for potential growth and dividend income.

Annuities and SCSS: 20-30% for guaranteed income.

Assessing Risk Tolerance
Evaluate your risk tolerance. Given your proximity to retirement, it’s advisable to lean towards conservative investments. However, a small exposure to equities can help combat inflation and provide capital growth.

Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly monitor and rebalance your portfolio. As you withdraw from your investments, it’s essential to review their performance and adjust allocations to maintain a balanced risk and return profile.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial situation. They can help optimize your portfolio, ensuring it aligns with your risk tolerance and income requirements.

With a well-planned investment strategy, achieving a monthly income of ?1 lakh is feasible. Diversify your investments, assess your risk tolerance, and consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice. Your diligent savings and thoughtful planning will help you enjoy a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 04, 2024

Hi I am 35 years old. My in hand salary is 3 lacs. I have 26 lacs in epf, 24 lacs in equity, 1.1 lacs in gold soverign bond. I have one flat worth 1.2cr with 30 lacs as loan . My monthly expense is 70k . My wife is home maker and i have 2 children(girl 9 years old, boy 4 years old) I want to retire after 5 years . After that i need atleast 1.2 lacs per month in hand. How should i plan my investment
Ans: It’s great to hear from you. You’ve done well with your savings and investments. Let's plan your investment strategy so you can retire comfortably in five years and ensure you have at least Rs. 1.2 lakhs per month in hand post-retirement.

Current Financial Snapshot
Age and Family: You are 35 years old, with a homemaker wife and two children (9-year-old daughter, 4-year-old son).

Income and Expenses: Your in-hand salary is Rs. 3 lakhs per month, and your monthly expenses are Rs. 70,000.

Investments and Assets:

EPF: Rs. 26 lakhs
Equity: Rs. 24 lakhs
Gold Sovereign Bonds: Rs. 1.1 lakhs
Flat worth Rs. 1.2 crores (with a Rs. 30 lakhs loan)
Retirement Goals
Retirement Age: 40 years
Monthly Income Post-Retirement: Rs. 1.2 lakhs in hand
Investment Strategy for Retirement Planning
Assessing Your Current Situation
You have a strong base with your current savings and investments. Let’s break it down:

EPF: A good foundation for your retirement savings.

Equity: This is your growth engine and needs to be managed well for maximum returns.

Gold Sovereign Bonds: These are good for diversification and stability.

Flat: A significant asset, but with an outstanding loan, the net value is lower.

Your immediate goal is to ensure you have enough income post-retirement. Here's a detailed plan:

1. Enhance Your Equity Investments
Equity investments are crucial for long-term growth. Since you have Rs. 24 lakhs in equity, ensure it's diversified across various sectors and market caps (large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap).

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds:

Professional Management: Fund managers actively monitor and adjust the portfolio.
Potential for Higher Returns: They aim to outperform benchmarks.
Risk Management: They adjust portfolios to mitigate risks during market volatility.
Action Points:

Increase your monthly SIPs in equity mutual funds. Aim for a mix of large-cap for stability, and mid-cap and small-cap for growth.
Review and rebalance your portfolio annually to ensure it aligns with your goals.
2. Maximize Your EPF Contributions
EPF is a safe and tax-efficient retirement saving option. Keep contributing to it regularly.

Action Points:

Continue your EPF contributions till you retire.
Consider voluntary contributions (VPF) if possible to increase your retirement corpus.
3. Diversify with Debt Instruments
Diversification is essential. While equity offers growth, debt instruments provide stability.

Debt Instruments Include:

Corporate Bonds: Offer higher returns than fixed deposits but with some risk.
Debt Mutual Funds: Provide stable returns with lower risk compared to equities.
Government Bonds: Safe but with moderate returns.
Action Points:

Allocate a portion of your savings to debt instruments for stability.
Consider debt mutual funds for a balanced portfolio.
4. Utilize Gold Sovereign Bonds
Gold bonds provide a hedge against inflation and are a good diversification tool.

Action Points:

Hold onto your gold sovereign bonds for diversification.
Consider adding more during dips in gold prices for long-term holding.
5. Manage Your Real Estate Investment
Your flat is a significant asset. Reducing the outstanding loan can increase your net worth.

Action Points:

Accelerate loan repayment if possible. It reduces interest outflow and increases net savings.
Consider the rental income post-retirement if you decide to let out the property.
6. Emergency Fund and Insurance
An emergency fund is crucial to cover unexpected expenses. Adequate insurance protects against unforeseen events.

Action Points:

Maintain an emergency fund covering 6-12 months of expenses in a liquid fund.
Ensure your health and life insurance covers are adequate.
7. Education and Marriage Planning for Children
Planning for your children’s education and marriage is essential.

Action Points:

Start dedicated SIPs in mutual funds for their education and marriage expenses.
Consider child-specific investment plans for long-term savings.
Creating a Retirement Corpus
To generate Rs. 1.2 lakhs per month post-retirement, you need a substantial retirement corpus. Here’s how to approach it:

Estimate Your Retirement Corpus
Calculate the amount needed for 25-30 years post-retirement considering inflation.
Aim for a corpus that generates Rs. 1.2 lakhs per month through systematic withdrawals or interest/dividends.
Investment Vehicles for Retirement Corpus
Equity Mutual Funds:

Continue and increase SIPs for growth.
Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification.
Debt Mutual Funds:

Invest in debt funds for stability and regular income.
Consider a mix of short-term, medium-term, and long-term debt funds.
Hybrid Funds:

Invest in balanced or hybrid funds that combine equity and debt.
These offer a good mix of growth and stability.
Fixed Income Instruments:

Invest in instruments like PPF, EPF, and government bonds for assured returns.
Withdrawal Strategy Post-Retirement
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP):

Use SWPs in mutual funds for regular income.
Plan withdrawals to meet your monthly needs without depleting the corpus quickly.
Dividends and Interest Income:

Use dividends from mutual funds and interest from fixed income investments.
Ensure a mix of growth and income-generating assets.
Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Annual Review:

Regularly review your investment portfolio.
Make adjustments based on market conditions and life changes.
Rebalance Portfolio:

Rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.
Shift from high-risk to low-risk investments as you approach retirement.
Final Insights
You've built a strong financial foundation. With careful planning and disciplined investing, you can achieve your retirement goal comfortably.

Focus on maximizing your current investments in equity, EPF, and gold. Diversify with debt instruments for stability and maintain a balanced portfolio.

Plan for your children's future needs and ensure you have adequate insurance coverage. Regularly review and adjust your investment strategy to stay on track.

With dedication and strategic planning, you can secure a prosperous retirement and enjoy financial freedom.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

I am looking for best Mutual Funds monthly SIP around 1000 to 2000 per month for my 2 children age 10 and 12 years, for at least 10 years. i request to you give me best mutual funds next 10 years. its very well growth every year. mutual funds not one i ready to investment in 2 or 3 mutual funds.
Ans: Investing in your children's future is a great step. Let's explore the best mutual funds for a SIP of Rs 1,000 to Rs 2,000 per month for at least 10 years.

Choose Diversified Equity Funds

Diversified equity funds can provide good growth. They invest across various sectors, reducing risk.

Opt for Flexi-cap Funds

Flexi-cap funds can invest in large, mid, and small-cap stocks. This flexibility can offer better returns over time.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds have expert fund managers. They can adapt strategies to market conditions, aiming for higher returns.

Balanced Advantage Funds

Balanced advantage funds invest in both equity and debt. They balance risk and reward, suitable for long-term goals.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Starting a SIP helps in averaging the purchase cost. It reduces the impact of market volatility.

Consider Child-specific Funds

Some funds are tailored for children's future needs. They often have a mix of equity and debt for balanced growth.

Professional Guidance

Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide a tailored plan based on your financial goals.

Review and Adjust

Regularly review your investments. Adjust if needed to stay aligned with your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

I am 61 years and retired from central government. Getting 48000 and 30000 as pension and rent. All my retirement benefits are exhausted on building of house and education loan. I need 5000000 fifty lakhs in seven years. What i should do. This amoint to be given to my son and what way i accummulate.
Ans: I appreciate your commitment to helping your son. Let's explore ways to accumulate Rs 50 lakhs in seven years.

Evaluate Current Income and Expenses

Track your monthly income of Rs 78,000. Prioritise your essential expenses and find areas to save.

Create an Investment Plan

Consider investing in mutual funds. Actively managed funds often outperform index funds, especially in volatile markets.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds are handled by expert fund managers. They can adapt strategies based on market conditions.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Start a SIP to invest regularly. This helps in averaging costs and reduces market risk.

Consider Balanced Funds

Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt. This provides growth and stability.

Emergency Fund

Set aside a small amount each month for emergencies. This ensures financial security without touching investments.

Avoid Real Estate and Annuities

Real estate can be illiquid and risky. Annuities often have high fees and low returns.

Seek Professional Advice

Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can tailor a plan to help you achieve your goal.

Stay Committed and Review Regularly

Monitor your investments and make adjustments if needed. Stay focused on your goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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