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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4759 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 10, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Prajwal Question by Prajwal on May 06, 2024Hindi
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I would need your little help with the Goal-based investments. I am doing goal-based investments and suppose I have 3 different goals - Child's education, Buying a house, and Generate Post-retirement monthly income. So, should we consider these as individual goals and allocate mutual funds to each of these separately? If yes, while allocating funds to these different goals, can we keep the same MF in two different goals? For example, can I invest in the "ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund - Direct Plan" fund into two different goals that I have? How much % of Equity should I plan for each term duration: Long-term (20 years), Medium-term (8-10 years), and Small-term (5 years).

Ans: When it comes to goal-based investments, it's essential to treat each goal separately to ensure clarity and focus. Each goal has its unique timeline, risk tolerance, and financial requirements.

Allocating mutual funds to each goal individually helps tailor your investments to meet the specific needs of that goal. However, you can use the same mutual fund for different goals if it aligns with the respective timelines and risk profiles.

For instance, if a mutual fund fits the risk profile and time horizon of both your child's education and post-retirement income goals, it's feasible to invest in it for both goals.

There are some advantages to consider direct funds, and the cost savings can be significant in the long run. However, there are some potential benefits to using a regular MFD:
Advantages of Investing Through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD):
• Personalized Advice: MFDs can be helpful for beginners or those who lack investment knowledge. They can assess your risk tolerance, financial goals, and investment horizon to recommend suitable mutual funds. This personalized guidance can be valuable, especially if you're new to investing.
• Convenience: MFDs handle all the paperwork and transactions on your behalf, saving you time and effort. They can help with account setup, SIP registrations, and managing your portfolio across different funds.
• Investor Support: MFDs can be a point of contact for any questions or concerns you may have about your investments. They can provide ongoing support and guidance throughout your investment journey.

Regarding asset allocation, the percentage of equity you should plan for each term duration depends on various factors such as your risk tolerance, time horizon, and financial goals.

For long-term goals like retirement planning or your child's education (20 years or more), a higher allocation to equity may be suitable, given the potential for higher returns over the long run.

For medium-term goals (8-10 years), a balanced approach with a mix of equity and debt investments can help manage risk while aiming for reasonable growth.

For short-term goals (5 years or less), a more conservative approach with a higher allocation to debt investments may be prudent to safeguard capital and ensure liquidity when needed.

Remember, asset allocation is a dynamic process that may require periodic review and adjustments based on changes in your financial situation and market conditions.

As a Certified Financial Planner, I encourage you to consult with a professional to develop a personalized investment plan tailored to your specific goals, risk tolerance, and financial circumstances.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
Asked on - May 20, 2024 | Answered on May 20, 2024
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Thanks very much for the details explanation. This helped me sorting out my funds and allocating the funds wisely. I have one more question regarding goal-based investment only. Suppose, I have brought home worth 90L out of which 65L loan was only sanctioned. I have paid off 25L but I want to close the loan as early as possible. So, how can I use a goal-based investment strategy for clearing the home loan as a goal?
Ans: It's commendable that you are committed to clearing your home loan as early as possible. This goal-oriented approach will enhance your financial freedom and security.

Understanding Your Current Situation
Loan Details:

Home Value: ?90 Lakhs
Loan Sanctioned: ?65 Lakhs
Amount Paid: ?25 Lakhs
Outstanding Loan: ?40 Lakhs
Current Financial Status:

Income and expenses: Assess your monthly income and expenses to determine how much you can allocate towards loan repayment and investments.
Savings: Identify any existing savings that could be redirected towards loan repayment.
Setting Your Goal
Goal:
Clear the outstanding home loan of ?40 Lakhs as soon as possible.
Establish a target time frame for achieving this goal (e.g., 5 years).
Developing a Goal-Based Investment Strategy
Assess Your Risk Tolerance:

Given your goal, a moderate risk tolerance is advisable. Balancing between aggressive growth and safety will ensure you can meet your target without undue risk.
Determine Monthly Allocation:

Calculate the extra amount you can contribute monthly towards clearing the loan. Consider redirecting part of your disposable income and any bonuses or windfalls.
Investment Vehicles:

Equity Mutual Funds:
Invest in equity mutual funds for higher returns. Use a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) to invest a fixed amount monthly. This approach leverages rupee cost averaging.
Debt Mutual Funds:
Allocate a portion to debt mutual funds for stability and lower risk. These funds offer consistent returns and add a safety net to your investment portfolio.
Fixed Deposits or Recurring Deposits:
Invest in fixed deposits (FDs) or recurring deposits (RDs) for guaranteed returns. This option provides safety and liquidity, ideal for meeting near-term financial goals.
Implementing the Strategy
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

Set up SIPs in a mix of equity and debt mutual funds. Allocate a higher proportion to equity funds for growth, and a smaller portion to debt funds for stability.
Example: If you can invest ?50,000 monthly, allocate ?35,000 to equity mutual funds and ?15,000 to debt mutual funds.
Lump-Sum Investments:

Direct any windfalls or bonuses directly towards the loan principal. This reduces the principal amount, lowering your interest burden.
Example: Annual bonuses or unexpected income can be fully or partially directed towards extra loan payments.
Monitor and Adjust:

Regularly review your investment performance and loan repayment progress. Adjust your investments if necessary to stay on track with your goal.
If your income increases, consider increasing your SIP amounts to expedite the loan repayment.
Financial Discipline and Additional Tips
Maintain an Emergency Fund:

Ensure you have an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund provides a safety net without derailing your loan repayment goal.
Avoid New Debt:

Avoid taking on additional debt until your home loan is fully repaid. This prevents diversion of funds and keeps you focused on your primary goal.
Regular Principal Payments:

Make regular principal payments in addition to your EMIs. This practice reduces the loan tenure and total interest paid.
Conclusion and Encouragement
Your determination to clear your home loan early is commendable and a wise financial decision. By implementing a disciplined, goal-based investment strategy, you can achieve your goal efficiently and effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4759 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 29, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Dec 27, 2023Hindi
Money
I am 46 years old and plan to invest 65,000 PM in sip for my daughters' future education, marriage, and my retirement. For her education, I need 45 lakhs (current cost) in 8 years, and for her marriage, I need 40 lakhs (current cost) in 12 years. I need 2 crores in 12 years for my retirement. My profile is that of a moderately aggressive risk-taker. I currently have 40 lakhs in my mutual fund portfolio. The current mutual fund portfolio is a mix of midcap, flexicap, and small cap funds. I am currently doing a SIP of 20000 in Canara Robeco Emerging Equities-Direct-Growth, a Rs 5000 sip in DSP Small Cap Fund-Direct-Growth, a Rs 5000 SIP in Invesco India Infrastructure Fund-Direct Plan Growth, and a sip of 10000 in Kotak Emerging Equity Fund-Direct Plan-Growth. I have employee insurance and additional term insurance on my own. I have employee medical insurance and additional family medical insurance of Rs 5 lakh on my own. I have paid off my home loans. I want to increase my current sip of Rs 40000 to 65000 pm. Please suggest if my financial goals are achievable. Plese suggest mutual funds to meet my goals for my daughter's education, marriage, and retirement. Can I maintain one portfolio to achieve all the goals or different portfolio with different funds for each goal?
Ans: Creating a Financial Plan to Achieve Your Financial Goals
Given your comprehensive financial profile, let's create a structured plan to achieve your goals for your daughter's education, marriage, and your retirement. You have done a commendable job in managing your finances so far. Let's build on that to ensure your future financial needs are met.

Understanding Your Financial Goals
Daughter’s Education: Rs. 45 lakhs needed in 8 years.
Daughter’s Marriage: Rs. 40 lakhs needed in 12 years.
Retirement: Rs. 2 crores needed in 12 years.
Current Financial Position
Monthly Income: Rs. 65,000 saved through SIP.
Current Mutual Fund Portfolio: Rs. 40 lakhs.
Current SIPs:
Rs. 20,000 in Canara Robeco Emerging Equities-Direct-Growth.
Rs. 5,000 in DSP Small Cap Fund-Direct-Growth.
Rs. 5,000 in Invesco India Infrastructure Fund-Direct Plan Growth.
Rs. 10,000 in Kotak Emerging Equity Fund-Direct Plan-Growth.
Risk Profile and Insurance
Moderately Aggressive Risk-Taker: This allows for a significant portion in equity.
Insurance: Sufficient life and health insurance coverage, reducing financial risk.
Investment Strategy
To meet your goals, we need a balanced approach focusing on high-growth potential while managing risks. Here is a detailed plan:

Consolidated Portfolio vs. Separate Portfolios
Consolidated Portfolio:

Easier to manage.
Allows flexibility in reallocating funds as goals approach.
Separate Portfolios:

Clarity in tracking progress towards individual goals.
Specific asset allocation based on the time horizon of each goal.
Given the clear demarcation of your financial goals, it may be practical to maintain separate portfolios with specific funds tailored to each goal.

Goal-Based Investment Portfolios
1. Daughter’s Education (8 Years)
Objective: Accumulate Rs. 45 lakhs.

Recommended Funds:

Equity-Oriented Hybrid Funds: Suitable for medium-term goals with a balanced risk-return profile.
Large-Cap Funds: Relatively stable with consistent returns.
Suggested Allocation:

60% in Equity-Oriented Hybrid Funds.
40% in Large-Cap Funds.
2. Daughter’s Marriage (12 Years)
Objective: Accumulate Rs. 40 lakhs.

Recommended Funds:

Flexi-Cap Funds: Provides diversification across market capitalizations.
Multi-Cap Funds: Allows dynamic asset allocation based on market conditions.
Suggested Allocation:

50% in Flexi-Cap Funds.
50% in Multi-Cap Funds.
3. Retirement (12 Years)
Objective: Accumulate Rs. 2 crores.

Recommended Funds:

Mid-Cap Funds: Suitable for long-term growth with higher returns.
Small-Cap Funds: Higher risk but potential for significant returns.
Balanced Advantage Funds: For a dynamic mix of equity and debt.
Suggested Allocation:

40% in Mid-Cap Funds.
30% in Small-Cap Funds.
30% in Balanced Advantage Funds.
Current SIPs Review and Adjustment
Your current SIPs are heavily invested in mid-cap and small-cap funds. While these have high growth potential, diversifying into large-cap and hybrid funds will balance the risk.

Review of Current SIPs:
Canara Robeco Emerging Equities-Direct-Growth: Continue but consider reducing allocation.
DSP Small Cap Fund-Direct-Growth: Continue with current allocation.
Invesco India Infrastructure Fund-Direct Plan Growth: Consider reallocating to more diversified funds.
Kotak Emerging Equity Fund-Direct Plan-Growth: Continue but monitor performance.
Adjusted SIPs:
Increase SIPs to Rs. 65,000:
Rs. 10,000 in a new Large-Cap Fund.
Rs. 10,000 in a new Equity-Oriented Hybrid Fund.
Rs. 5,000 in a new Flexi-Cap Fund.
Rs. 5,000 in a new Multi-Cap Fund.
Continue existing SIPs with adjusted amounts if necessary.
Achieving Financial Goals
To achieve Rs. 45 lakhs in 8 years for your daughter's education, you need a disciplined investment strategy with moderate risk. For the marriage goal, a slightly higher risk can be taken given the longer horizon. For retirement, balancing between growth and stability will be crucial.

Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Annual Review: Assess portfolio performance and adjust allocations as needed.
Rebalancing: Rebalance portfolios to maintain desired asset allocation.
Adjust Contributions: Increase SIP amounts as your income grows.
Tax Efficiency
Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS): Consider for tax benefits under Section 80C.
Long-Term Capital Gains Tax: Plan withdrawals considering tax implications.
Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund with 6-12 months of living expenses. This fund ensures financial security in case of unexpected expenses.

Conclusion
With a well-structured investment strategy and disciplined approach, your financial goals are achievable. Diversifying investments across different mutual funds tailored to each goal will help in managing risks and maximizing returns.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Sunil

Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jan 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jan 02, 2024Hindi
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I am 46 years old and plan to invest 65,000 PM in sip for my daughters' education, marriage, and my retirement. For her education, I need 45 lakhs (current cost) in 8 years, and for her marriage, I need 40 lakhs (current cost) in 12 years. I need 2 crores in 12 years for my retirement. My profile is that of a moderately aggressive risk-taker. I currently have 45 lakhs in my mutual fund portfolio. The current mutual fund portfolio is a mix of midcap, flexicap, and small cap funds. I am currently doing a SIP of 20000 in Canara Robeco Emerging Equities-Direct-Growth, a Rs 5000 sip in DSP Small Cap Fund-Direct-Growth, a Rs 5000 SIP in Invesco India Infrastructure Fund-Direct Plan Growth, and a sip of 10000 in Kotak Emerging Equity Fund-Direct Plan-Growth. I have employee insurance and additional term insurance on my own. I have employee medical insurance and top up family medical insurance of Rs 5 lakh on my own. I have paid off my home loans. I want to increase my current sip of Rs 40000 to 65000 pm. Please suggest if my financial goals are achievable. Plese suggest mutual funds for SIP to meet my goals for my daughter's education, marriage, and retirement. Can I maintain one portfolio to achieve all the goals or different portfolio with different funds for each goal with different Mutal funds in each portfolio?
Ans: Your current Funds are good you can add in same funds and also add some amount of SIP in Large & Midcap fund of some good fund house. Your corpus of 45 Lakh can grow to 1.75 crores in next 12 years. With the SIP of 65K you can achieve the education and marriage cost of your daughter too. Also no need to specify funds for different goals, just maintain one portfolio. Your employees medical insurance will lapse once you are retired so increase your medical insurance

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4759 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 23, 2024

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Hi Sir . I am a 41-year-old woman with a monthly income of 1.4 Lakh. I have a 14-year-old son. I haven't invested in mutual fund investments before and seek your guidance on how much to invest and in which mutual funds. My financial goals are as follows: Accumulate 6 crores before retirement (in the next 17 years). Save 1 crore for my son's higher education in the next 7 years. Set aside 50 lakhs for my son's marriage in the next 12 years. My current investments include: PPF - 1.5 Lakhs per annum for the last 5 years. VPF - 1.6 Lakhs per annum for the last 2 years. NPS - 10,000 per month for the last 1 year. I would greatly appreciate your advice on how to structure my mutual fund investments to achieve these goals Thank you
Ans: You've set commendable financial goals, laying a strong foundation for your future and your son's. Given your monthly income and current investments, it's essential to strategize wisely for optimal growth.

Considering your long-term goals, a diversified approach is crucial. Start with an equity-heavy portfolio for the long-term goals, aiming for higher returns, while keeping a balanced approach for the medium-term goals like your son's education.

For your retirement corpus of 6 crores in 17 years, an equity-heavy allocation is advisable, as equities historically offer better returns over the long run. For your son's education and marriage, consider a balanced allocation between equity and debt to balance risk and return.

Remember, investing is a journey, not a destination. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio based on life changes, market conditions, and financial goals. A financial advisor can provide personalized guidance, ensuring you stay on the right path towards achieving your dreams. Happy investing!

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4759 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 24, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir . I am a 34-year-old man with a monthly income of 1.4 Lakh. I have a 1-year-old son. I haven't invested in mutual fund investments before and seek your guidance on how much to invest and in which mutual funds. My financial goals are as follows: Accumulate atleast 6 crores before retirement (in the next 20 years). Save atleast 1 crore for my son's higher education in the next 15 years. Set aside atleast 50 lakhs for my son's marriage in the next 20-25 years. My current investments include: PPF - 1.5 Lakhs per annum for the last 5 years. NPS - 50000 per annum for the last 3 year. ULIP - 1.2 Lakh per annum for last 1 year One SBI scheme - 1.2 Lakhs per annum for last 3 years My wife is also working with monthly income of 1.4 Lakhs. I would greatly appreciate your advice on how to structure my mutual fund investments to achieve these goals. Thank You.
Ans: Given your financial goals and current investments, here's a suggested approach to structure your mutual fund investments:

Retirement Corpus (6 Crores in 20 years):
Start SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds with a focus on long-term growth. Allocate a significant portion of your investments towards equity funds to harness their wealth-building potential over the long term. Consider a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds to diversify across market segments and manage risk effectively. Review and increase your SIP amounts periodically, considering your income growth and inflation.
Son's Higher Education (1 Crore in 15 years):
Allocate a portion of your mutual fund investments specifically towards your son's education goal. Since the timeframe is relatively shorter, consider a balanced approach with a mix of equity and debt funds to balance growth potential with capital preservation. Gradually shift towards debt-oriented funds as the goal approaches to safeguard against market volatility and ensure capital protection.
Son's Marriage (50 Lakhs in 20-25 years):
Similar to the education goal, allocate a portion of your investments towards your son's marriage goal. Since the timeframe is longer, you can afford a more aggressive approach with a higher allocation towards equity funds. As the goal approaches, gradually shift towards more conservative investments to protect the accumulated corpus.
Review and Rebalance:
Regularly review your mutual fund investments and rebalance your portfolio as needed to ensure alignment with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to periodically reassess your goals, investment strategy, and progress towards achieving them.
Remember, investing is a long-term commitment, and staying disciplined, diversified, and focused on your goals is key to achieving financial success.

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4759 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 25, 2024Hindi
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Money
Hi Sir . I am a 34-year-old man with a monthly income of 1.4 Lakh. I have a 1-year-old son. I haven't invested in mutual fund investments before and seek your guidance on how much to invest and in which mutual funds. My financial goals are as follows: Accumulate atleast 6 crores before retirement (in the next 20 years). Save atleast 1-2 crore for my son's higher education in the next 20 years. Set aside atleast 50 lakhs for my son's marriage in the next 25 years. My current investments include: PPF - 1.5 Lakhs per annum for the last 5 years. NPS - 50000 per annum for the last 3 year. ULIP - 1.2 Lakh per annum for last 1 year One SBI scheme - 1.2 Lakhs per annum for last 3 years My wife is also working with monthly income of 1.4 Lakhs. I would greatly appreciate your advice on how to structure my mutual fund investments to achieve these goals. Thank You.
Ans: It's commendable that you're planning ahead for your family's future. With clear financial goals and a steady income, you're already on the right path. Given your aspirations, mutual funds can play a pivotal role in achieving these milestones.

For your retirement goal of accumulating 6 crores in 20 years, systematic and disciplined investing will be key. Similarly, for your son's education and marriage funds, a structured approach can make a significant difference.

Considering your current investments in PPF, NPS, ULIP, and other schemes, mutual funds can complement these by offering diversification and potential growth opportunities. A Certified Financial Planner can help you tailor an investment strategy aligned with your goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

Remember, investing is a journey, not a race. It requires patience, diligence, and periodic review. By investing wisely and staying committed to your goals, you can pave the way for a secure and prosperous future for your family. Best wishes on your financial journey!

..Read more

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