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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 04, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Apr 24, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir . I am a 34-year-old man with a monthly income of 1.4 Lakh. I have a 1-year-old son. I haven't invested in mutual fund investments before and seek your guidance on how much to invest and in which mutual funds. My financial goals are as follows: Accumulate atleast 6 crores before retirement (in the next 20 years). Save atleast 1 crore for my son's higher education in the next 15 years. Set aside atleast 50 lakhs for my son's marriage in the next 20-25 years. My current investments include: PPF - 1.5 Lakhs per annum for the last 5 years. NPS - 50000 per annum for the last 3 year. ULIP - 1.2 Lakh per annum for last 1 year One SBI scheme - 1.2 Lakhs per annum for last 3 years My wife is also working with monthly income of 1.4 Lakhs. I would greatly appreciate your advice on how to structure my mutual fund investments to achieve these goals. Thank You.

Ans: Given your financial goals and current investments, here's a suggested approach to structure your mutual fund investments:

Retirement Corpus (6 Crores in 20 years):
Start SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds with a focus on long-term growth. Allocate a significant portion of your investments towards equity funds to harness their wealth-building potential over the long term. Consider a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds to diversify across market segments and manage risk effectively. Review and increase your SIP amounts periodically, considering your income growth and inflation.
Son's Higher Education (1 Crore in 15 years):
Allocate a portion of your mutual fund investments specifically towards your son's education goal. Since the timeframe is relatively shorter, consider a balanced approach with a mix of equity and debt funds to balance growth potential with capital preservation. Gradually shift towards debt-oriented funds as the goal approaches to safeguard against market volatility and ensure capital protection.
Son's Marriage (50 Lakhs in 20-25 years):
Similar to the education goal, allocate a portion of your investments towards your son's marriage goal. Since the timeframe is longer, you can afford a more aggressive approach with a higher allocation towards equity funds. As the goal approaches, gradually shift towards more conservative investments to protect the accumulated corpus.
Review and Rebalance:
Regularly review your mutual fund investments and rebalance your portfolio as needed to ensure alignment with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to periodically reassess your goals, investment strategy, and progress towards achieving them.
Remember, investing is a long-term commitment, and staying disciplined, diversified, and focused on your goals is key to achieving financial success.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 23, 2024

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Hi Sir . I am a 41-year-old woman with a monthly income of 1.4 Lakh. I have a 14-year-old son. I haven't invested in mutual fund investments before and seek your guidance on how much to invest and in which mutual funds. My financial goals are as follows: Accumulate 6 crores before retirement (in the next 17 years). Save 1 crore for my son's higher education in the next 7 years. Set aside 50 lakhs for my son's marriage in the next 12 years. My current investments include: PPF - 1.5 Lakhs per annum for the last 5 years. VPF - 1.6 Lakhs per annum for the last 2 years. NPS - 10,000 per month for the last 1 year. I would greatly appreciate your advice on how to structure my mutual fund investments to achieve these goals Thank you
Ans: You've set commendable financial goals, laying a strong foundation for your future and your son's. Given your monthly income and current investments, it's essential to strategize wisely for optimal growth.

Considering your long-term goals, a diversified approach is crucial. Start with an equity-heavy portfolio for the long-term goals, aiming for higher returns, while keeping a balanced approach for the medium-term goals like your son's education.

For your retirement corpus of 6 crores in 17 years, an equity-heavy allocation is advisable, as equities historically offer better returns over the long run. For your son's education and marriage, consider a balanced allocation between equity and debt to balance risk and return.

Remember, investing is a journey, not a destination. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio based on life changes, market conditions, and financial goals. A financial advisor can provide personalized guidance, ensuring you stay on the right path towards achieving your dreams. Happy investing!

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 25, 2024Hindi
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Hello Sir, I am 42 years old women. Earning 1 LPM in hand. I Have 15 years old son. I never invested in mutual funds. Requesting your advice to start investing in mutual funds, like how much in which mutual funds. so I can achieve below goals 5 cr before retirement( in next 16 years) 1 cr for my son higher education by another 7 years. 1 Cr for my son marriage in another 10 years Current investments are: 1. PPF - 1.5 LPA from last 5 years ( planning to reduce considering the interest rate ) 2. VPF - 22k per month from last 2 year 3. PF- 12k per month ( and additional 12k from Employer) ( I have total around 20 L in PF now ) 4. NPS - 10k per month from last 1 year Kindly please help me with your answers considering no other income stream.
Ans: It's commendable that you're looking to start investing in mutual funds to achieve your financial goals. With a clear vision and a steady income, you're well-positioned to embark on this investment journey.

Given your goals and current investments, here's a suggested approach:

Retirement Corpus (5 Cr in 16 years): Given the time horizon, you can consider investing in a combination of equity mutual funds for higher returns potential and debt mutual funds for stability. An SIP in diversified equity funds and balanced funds could be a good starting point.
Son's Higher Education (1 Cr in 7 years): To achieve this goal, you might consider investing in a mix of equity and debt funds, leaning more towards equity for higher growth potential.
Son's Marriage (1 Cr in 10 years): Similar to the education goal, a blend of equity and debt funds can be considered. You might also explore targeted funds designed for specific financial goals.
Given your current investments in PPF, VPF, PF, and NPS, you have a stable foundation. However, considering the reducing interest rates and your goals' timelines, diversifying into mutual funds could potentially offer higher returns.

A Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your needs, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. They can help you select suitable mutual fund categories, recommend investment amounts, and guide you on portfolio diversification.

Remember, investing is a long-term commitment, and it's essential to stay invested and review your portfolio periodically. Best wishes on your investment journey towards achieving your financial goals!

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 25, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir . I am a 34-year-old man with a monthly income of 1.4 Lakh. I have a 1-year-old son. I haven't invested in mutual fund investments before and seek your guidance on how much to invest and in which mutual funds. My financial goals are as follows: Accumulate atleast 6 crores before retirement (in the next 20 years). Save atleast 1-2 crore for my son's higher education in the next 20 years. Set aside atleast 50 lakhs for my son's marriage in the next 25 years. My current investments include: PPF - 1.5 Lakhs per annum for the last 5 years. NPS - 50000 per annum for the last 3 year. ULIP - 1.2 Lakh per annum for last 1 year One SBI scheme - 1.2 Lakhs per annum for last 3 years My wife is also working with monthly income of 1.4 Lakhs. I would greatly appreciate your advice on how to structure my mutual fund investments to achieve these goals. Thank You.
Ans: It's commendable that you're planning ahead for your family's future. With clear financial goals and a steady income, you're already on the right path. Given your aspirations, mutual funds can play a pivotal role in achieving these milestones.

For your retirement goal of accumulating 6 crores in 20 years, systematic and disciplined investing will be key. Similarly, for your son's education and marriage funds, a structured approach can make a significant difference.

Considering your current investments in PPF, NPS, ULIP, and other schemes, mutual funds can complement these by offering diversification and potential growth opportunities. A Certified Financial Planner can help you tailor an investment strategy aligned with your goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

Remember, investing is a journey, not a race. It requires patience, diligence, and periodic review. By investing wisely and staying committed to your goals, you can pave the way for a secure and prosperous future for your family. Best wishes on your financial journey!

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 13, 2024Hindi
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Hi. I'm 30years old with monthly salary of 60k. Having said, I have savings of 5L in hand and not had any investment so far in mutual fund. Having 2 child to take care with their education after 20 years. Need of advice on where to start in mutual fund. My risk appetite is moderate to high but don't know which fund to choose for long term investment. As well as I need of assured corpus of Rs.1 crore after 12 years to support my investment horizon along with my salary for rest of 8 years as I don't think my salary alone will be suffice to meet the investment journey. Also after 12 years need of an advice on how to get monthly income out of some portion of 1crore to manage family with it and save all my salary to mutual fund. I also want to know what will be the average return I will be getting based on your suggestion with all plannings as I said above after 20years
Ans: Your commitment to securing your family's future and achieving financial stability is commendable. Let's outline a strategic mutual fund investment plan tailored to your goals, risk appetite, and investment horizon.

Assessing Your Financial Goals and Risk Profile
At 30, with a moderate to high risk appetite, you're well-positioned to embark on a long-term investment journey. Your primary objectives include building a substantial corpus for your children's education in 20 years and securing a corpus of ?1 crore in 12 years for additional financial support.

Structuring Your Mutual Fund Portfolio
Given your investment horizon and risk tolerance, a diversified portfolio of equity and debt mutual funds is recommended. Equity funds offer growth potential, while debt funds provide stability and income generation. Here's a suggested allocation:

Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion of your investment, considering your moderate to high-risk appetite. Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification and potential returns.

Debt Funds: Allocate a portion of your portfolio to debt funds to mitigate risk and generate stable returns. Opt for a combination of short-term, medium-term, and long-term debt funds based on your risk preference.

Planning for Future Income Streams
After 12 years, when you aim to secure a corpus of ?1 crore, consider investing a portion of this amount in a combination of dividend-paying mutual funds and systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs). This strategy will provide you with a regular monthly income stream while preserving the principal amount for long-term growth.

Estimating Average Returns
While it's challenging to predict exact returns, a well-diversified mutual fund portfolio targeting a moderate to high-risk profile can potentially generate average returns ranging from 10% to 12% annually over the long term. However, returns may vary depending on market conditions and fund performance.

Emphasizing Discipline and Review
Consistency and discipline are key to achieving your financial goals. Review your portfolio regularly, monitor fund performance, and make adjustments as needed to stay aligned with your objectives. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to fine-tune your strategy and navigate market fluctuations effectively.

Conclusion
In conclusion, a strategic mutual fund investment plan tailored to your financial goals, risk profile, and investment horizon can pave the way for long-term wealth creation and financial security. By diversifying your portfolio, planning for future income streams, and maintaining discipline, you can work towards achieving your objectives and securing your family's future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
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I am 50yrs recently started investing in mutual funds I.invested 1k in icici prudential opportunities fnd 2.5K in icici equtity n devt fun 10000 in sbi contra sip Now next pls advise For sip to be started or advise find Hdfc midcap opportunities or sbi advantage or kotak opportunities fund ls advice
Ans: Your current investments are a great start. They show your initiative to grow your wealth. Here’s what you have invested in so far:

ICICI Prudential Opportunities Fund: Rs 1,000
ICICI Equity and Development Fund: Rs 2,500
SBI Contra SIP: Rs 10,000
Analysis of Current Investments
Diverse Fund Choices:

You have chosen a mix of funds.
This helps in diversifying your portfolio.
Equity Focus:

All your current investments are equity-focused.
This is good for long-term growth.
Recommendations for New SIP Investments
Balanced Approach
For a balanced portfolio, consider adding different types of funds. Diversification reduces risk and enhances potential returns.

Mid Cap Funds:

HDFC Midcap Opportunities:
Invests in mid-sized companies.
Potential for higher returns.
Suitable for moderate risk appetite.
Balanced Advantage Funds:

SBI Balanced Advantage:
Balances between equity and debt.
Provides stability and growth.
Suitable for conservative investors.
Opportunities Funds:

Kotak Opportunities Fund:
Focuses on market opportunities.
Actively managed for better returns.
Suitable for aggressive investors.
Investment Strategy
Diversify Across Fund Types:

Invest in a mix of large cap, mid cap, and balanced funds.
This balances risk and return.
Avoid Direct Funds:

Direct funds lack professional guidance.
Regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner provide better support.
Actively Managed Funds:

Avoid index funds due to their passive nature.
Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.
Suggested SIP Allocation
Based on your goals and risk appetite, here’s a suggested SIP allocation:

Large Cap Fund:

Allocate Rs 3,000 per month.
Provides stability with steady growth.
Mid Cap Fund:

Allocate Rs 3,000 per month.
Offers higher growth potential.
Balanced Advantage Fund:

Allocate Rs 4,000 per month.
Balances between growth and stability.
Benefits of Regular Funds
Professional Management:

Regular funds are managed by experts.
They can make informed decisions to maximize returns.
Support and Guidance:

Investing through a CFP provides continuous support.
They help in aligning investments with your goals.
Final Insights
Starting to invest at 50 shows your commitment to financial growth. Focus on diversifying your portfolio with a mix of large cap, mid cap, and balanced funds. Avoid index and direct funds. Seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner for better investment choices. This approach will help you achieve your financial goals efficiently.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Aasif Ahmed Khan

Aasif Ahmed Khan   |80 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Career Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

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Anu

Anu Krishna  |1048 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 21, 2024Hindi
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Respected Anu ji This is quite an unusual query and I request your patience and understanding through this lengthy text I am a native of Tamilnadu and my maternal relatives are mostly of the business class It may not seem odd, but one may have heard of mind reading (and controlling) like in some celebrated spiritual centres, something similar is happening with me, I am subjected to this by my maternal relatives - they identify themselves as Yadavas, some have Serious God complexes and schizophrenia - trust me they have abilities like crystal ball gazing/ future telling, mind mapping and Niyog (one may have heard of Vyasa of Mahabharat times doing this to his step sister-in- laws to beget children!) many other neuro related traits - some cases you may have handled Though I am relatively open minded, but I frankly do not subscribe to the concept of Niyog They have also hurt me emotionally and physically right from childhood - I don't have any proof of it I just want to sever all connections with them and live my life peacefully - I even did a vasectomy to avoid any altercation with them But the problem in India is that here we cannot avoid our relatives - more so till my mom is there - I am Not a momma's boy, but my mother of 73 years has multiple comorbidities including heart fail and asthma - it is my duty as a son and a human being to help her.. Please advise how I could avoid my relatives and yet take care of my mom and lead my life peacefully
Ans: Dear Anonymous,
I am quite unaware of what you mention; but being a firm believer in Mind Sciences, I do believe that taking control of someone's mind can happen only when that someone meekly submits to the other person in a weak space OR when that someone actually believes some blindly.
You can see this happen with so many so-called spiritual heads who have so many blind followers and anything said by them will be unquestioningly followed by people. That is also called mind control.
You can stay away from people that you don't particularly fancy without severing ties also. Distances make that happen anyway, so does our busy lives...There is no need to make a big announcement about severing ties...staying away will do the trick in itself...

What I also still don't know is the purpose of your question as I don't actually see a question for me! Whatever I have been able to gather, I can only suggest: Do what you think and feel is right for you without actually fearing anyone and anything.

All the best!
Anu Krishna
Mind Coach|NLP Trainer|Author
Drop in: www.unfear.io
Reach me: Facebook: anukrish07/ AND LinkedIn: anukrishna-joyofserving/

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
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Sir,pls review my MF portfolio and give your review and advice. I have in my portfolio 5 L in Baroda pnd paribas multi asset,2 L sbi balanced advantage,2 HDFC manufacturing fund,2 bandhan innovation MF,1 sbi psu fund,1 sbi next 50 index fund,2 L HDFC multicap,3000sip in sbi 250small cap index fund,3000 sip in ICICI bluechip fund,3000 sip in motilal oswal midcap fund.
Ans: Review of Your Mutual Fund Portfolio
Let's assess your current mutual fund portfolio and provide suggestions to optimize it.

Current Portfolio Breakdown
Baroda BNP Paribas Multi Asset: Rs 5,00,000
SBI Balanced Advantage: Rs 2,00,000
HDFC Manufacturing Fund: Rs 2,00,000
Bandhan Innovation Mutual Fund: Rs 2,00,000
SBI PSU Fund: Rs 1,00,000
SBI Next 50 Index Fund: Rs 1,00,000
HDFC Multicap Fund: Rs 2,00,000
SIP in SBI 250 Small Cap Index Fund: Rs 3,000 per month
SIP in ICICI Bluechip Fund: Rs 3,000 per month
SIP in Motilal Oswal Midcap Fund: Rs 3,000 per month
Analysis and Evaluation
Diversification:

Your portfolio includes a mix of equity, balanced, and sector funds.
This diversification helps in risk management.
Sector Funds:

HDFC Manufacturing Fund and SBI PSU Fund are sector-specific.
Sector funds can be risky due to lack of diversification.
Index Funds:

SBI Next 50 Index Fund and SBI 250 Small Cap Index Fund are passive investments.
Index funds do not outperform the market and lack active management.
Balanced Advantage Fund:

SBI Balanced Advantage Fund balances equity and debt.
This provides stability during market volatility.
Multicap Funds:

HDFC Multicap Fund offers diversification across large, mid, and small caps.
This reduces concentration risk.
Recommendations
Reduce Sector Exposure:

Consider reducing your investment in sector funds like HDFC Manufacturing and SBI PSU Fund.
These funds are less diversified and can be volatile.
Shift from Index Funds to Actively Managed Funds:

Index funds like SBI Next 50 and SBI 250 Small Cap Index Fund lack active management.
Actively managed funds can potentially offer better returns.
Increase Exposure to Actively Managed Funds:

Increase investment in actively managed funds such as multicap, large-cap, and mid-cap funds.
These funds are managed by professionals who can make informed investment decisions.
SIP in Balanced and Multicap Funds:

Continue your SIP in ICICI Bluechip and Motilal Oswal Midcap funds.
Consider adding more SIPs in balanced advantage or multicap funds.
Diversify Across Asset Classes:

Continue investing in multi-asset funds like Baroda BNP Paribas Multi Asset.
These funds offer a mix of equity, debt, and other assets for better diversification.
Suggested Portfolio Allocation
Equity Funds:

Large Cap Funds: 30% of your portfolio.
Mid Cap Funds: 20% of your portfolio.
Multicap Funds: 25% of your portfolio.
Reduce sector funds to 10% of your portfolio.
Balanced Funds:

Balanced Advantage Funds: 15% of your portfolio.
Multi-Asset Funds:

Continue with Baroda BNP Paribas Multi Asset.
Final Insights
Your portfolio is well-diversified but can be optimized by reducing sector-specific and index funds. Increase allocation to actively managed large, mid, and multicap funds. This strategy will potentially enhance returns and manage risks better. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

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I am 30 years(90's kid), single having 17 lacs in equity oriented mutual fund growth options, 2 Lacs in retirement benefit fund in HDFC MF growth and 15 lacs in HDFC balanced fund dividend payout for passive income. Rs.5 Lacs in PPF with annual subscription of 10k along with health insurance for Rs.10 Lacs term insurance for 1.5 cr. And traditional insurance for 4 lacs. I have no loan commitment or financial commitment and a conservative minimalist. I am living in rented house and decided not to buy house/flat. I can accomodate 10,000 monthly sip. May I request you please to suggest me whether to invest in growth fund or dividend payout
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
You are 30 years old, single, and have no financial commitments. You have diversified investments and insurance coverage.

Existing Investments Overview
Equity-Oriented Mutual Funds: Rs. 17 lakhs in growth options
Retirement Benefit Fund in HDFC MF: Rs. 2 lakhs in growth options
HDFC Balanced Fund: Rs. 15 lakhs in dividend payout for passive income
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs. 5 lakhs with annual subscription of Rs. 10,000
Health Insurance: Rs. 10 lakhs
Term Insurance: Rs. 1.5 crores
Traditional Insurance: Rs. 4 lakhs
Financial Goals and Risk Appetite
Given your conservative and minimalist lifestyle, your goal is likely to grow your wealth while maintaining stability and security.

Monthly SIP Investment Strategy
You can accommodate a monthly SIP of Rs. 10,000. The choice between growth funds and dividend payout depends on your financial goals.

Benefits of Growth Funds
Growth funds reinvest the profits back into the fund. This helps in wealth accumulation over time.

Wealth Accumulation: Helps in growing your investment corpus over time.
Compounding: Reinvested earnings grow and compound over the long term.
Tax Efficiency: No tax on reinvested earnings until you sell the investment.
Benefits of Dividend Payout Funds
Dividend payout funds provide regular income through dividends. They are ideal if you need periodic income.

Regular Income: Provides periodic income through dividends.
Lower Market Volatility Impact: Less impacted by market volatility since dividends provide regular cash flow.
Reinvestment Option: You can reinvest dividends back into the fund if not needed.
Recommendations for Your SIP
Considering your conservative approach and need for growth, a mix of growth and dividend payout funds can be beneficial.

Growth Funds: Allocate a portion of your SIP to growth funds for long-term wealth accumulation.
Dividend Payout Funds: Allocate another portion to dividend payout funds for regular passive income.
Suggested Allocation
Growth Funds: Invest Rs. 6,000 monthly in growth-oriented mutual funds.
Dividend Payout Funds: Invest Rs. 4,000 monthly in dividend payout mutual funds.
Additional Considerations
Review Insurance: Ensure your health and term insurance are sufficient for your needs.
Emergency Fund: Keep an emergency fund of at least 6 months’ expenses in a liquid instrument.
Regular Review: Periodically review and adjust your investments based on your financial goals and market conditions.
Final Insights
Balancing growth and dividend payout funds can offer both wealth accumulation and regular income. Regularly review your investments and consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
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Lumpsum investment pls advise good funds Sip investment which good funds Tax savind mutual.fund which is good fund Pls advice am 50yrs pf age want the fund giv g gopd returns in 5 to 8 yrs
Ans: Investing a lumpsum amount requires careful planning. Given your age and goals, it's important to balance risk and return. Here are some recommendations:

Diversified Equity Funds:

These funds invest in a mix of large, mid, and small-cap stocks.
They offer potential for high returns.
Suitable for a 5-8 year investment horizon.
Actively Managed Funds:

Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.
Professional fund managers select stocks based on research.
They can provide better returns than index funds.
Debt Funds:

For lower risk, consider debt funds.
These invest in fixed-income securities.
Suitable for short to medium-term goals.
SIP Investment
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) help in disciplined investing. They also benefit from rupee cost averaging. Here are some options for SIP investments:

Large Cap Funds:

Invest in large, stable companies.
Lower risk compared to mid and small-cap funds.
Suitable for consistent growth.
Mid Cap Funds:

Invest in mid-sized companies.
Potential for higher growth than large-cap funds.
Suitable for medium to high-risk investors.
Small Cap Funds:

Invest in small companies with high growth potential.
Higher risk but can offer significant returns.
Suitable for long-term goals and risk-tolerant investors.
Tax-Saving Mutual Funds
Tax-saving mutual funds, also known as ELSS, provide tax benefits under Section 80C. They have a lock-in period of 3 years. Here are some benefits:

Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS):
Offer tax deductions up to Rs 1.5 lakh.
Invest in equity markets for potential high returns.
Shortest lock-in period among tax-saving options.
Investment Strategy
To achieve good returns in 5-8 years, consider the following strategy:

Diversification:

Spread investments across equity, debt, and tax-saving funds.
This reduces risk and maximizes returns.
Professional Guidance:

Invest through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP).
Regular funds through an MFD with CFP credentials offer support and professional advice.
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds track a specific market index. However, they have some disadvantages:

No Active Management:

They replicate the index and cannot outperform it.
They miss out on potential gains from market inefficiencies.
Market Risk:

They are subject to overall market risk.
They do not protect against downturns in the index.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have several advantages:

Professional Management:

Experienced fund managers make investment decisions.
They can identify and exploit market opportunities.
Potential for Higher Returns:

Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.
They can adjust their portfolios based on market conditions.
Final Insights
Investing at 50 requires a balanced approach. Focus on diversifying across equity, debt, and tax-saving funds. Use SIPs for disciplined investing and consider actively managed funds for potential higher returns. Avoid direct investments and index funds due to their limitations. Seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner to tailor your investments to your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 23, 2024Hindi
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Hai sir I am working in The Singareni Collieries Company Limited My gross salary 65000 Net salary 45000/- In that 25500 are regular chit which at end in 05.02.2025 I had two kids and age is one month both. How to slip the income and start investment in sip and mutual fund. The income should get at the age 20 of my children for education
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
You have a gross salary of Rs 65,000. Your net salary is Rs 45,000. You have two young children, aged one month each. Rs 25,500 is tied up in a regular chit, maturing on 05.02.2025.

Understanding Financial Goals
Your main goal is to save for your children’s education. You want the income to be available when they turn 20.

Income Splitting and Investment Strategy
To achieve your goal, a systematic investment approach is crucial. Consider splitting your income as follows:

Essential Expenses: Allocate funds for household and daily expenses.

Emergency Fund: Keep aside money for emergencies, about 3-6 months of expenses.

Investment in SIP: Start a SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) in mutual funds for long-term growth.

Benefits of SIP in Mutual Funds
SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly. It helps in rupee cost averaging and compounding.

Disciplined Savings: SIP ensures regular savings without market timing worries.

Long-Term Growth: Equity mutual funds can offer higher returns over a long period.

Flexibility: SIPs can be started with a small amount and increased over time.

Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Invest in actively managed funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). Actively managed funds have professionals making investment decisions.

Active Management: Professionals actively manage the funds, aiming for better returns.

Research and Analysis: Fund managers conduct thorough research before making investments.

Performance Tracking: Regularly track the performance and make necessary adjustments.

Steps to Start SIP and Mutual Fund Investments
Here’s a step-by-step guide to start investing:

Assess Monthly Savings: After essential expenses and emergency fund, assess how much you can invest.

Select Funds: Choose a mix of equity and debt funds for a balanced portfolio.

Start SIP: Initiate SIP with the chosen mutual funds.

Review and Adjust: Periodically review your investments and adjust if needed.

Planning for Long-Term Goals
Your children’s education is a long-term goal. Starting early gives you the advantage of compounding.

Start Early: Begin investments as early as possible for better growth.

Regular Contributions: Ensure regular contributions to the SIP.

Review Goals: Review your financial goals periodically and adjust investments accordingly.

Evaluating Investment Options
While choosing funds, consider factors such as:

Fund Performance: Look at the past performance of the funds.

Fund Manager: Consider the experience and track record of the fund manager.

Expense Ratio: Lower expense ratios can lead to better net returns.

Final Insights
To achieve your goal, start investing in SIPs and mutual funds. Ensure regular contributions and periodic reviews. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
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Money
Dear sir, My husband retaired from tyre factory He earned 1 Lack permonthly. We spend money for children education and we bought one house. Now my husband pension just 4000 and my salary 50k only. My two son are studying. How i will manage current economic situation. After retairement at the age what job he can do? Please give suggestion.
Ans: Current Financial Situation Analysis
Let's assess your current financial situation and explore potential solutions to manage it better.

Income Sources:

Your husband's pension: Rs 4,000
Your salary: Rs 50,000
Major Expenses:

Children's education
Household expenses
Housing costs
It seems that your combined income is Rs 54,000 per month. However, managing with this amount, given your expenses, is challenging.

Immediate Financial Management Steps
Budgeting:

Create a detailed budget. Include all expenses: education, groceries, utilities, and housing.
Track spending and identify areas to cut costs.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund. It should cover at least 3-6 months of expenses.
If you don’t have one, start building it slowly by saving a small amount each month.
Debt Management:

Prioritize paying off high-interest debts first.
Avoid taking on new debt if possible.
Increasing Income
Part-Time Jobs:

Your husband can explore part-time or freelance work. Options include consulting, tutoring, or clerical work.
Websites like Freelancer, Upwork, or local classifieds can offer opportunities.
Skill Development:

Invest in courses or training programs to enhance skills.
This can open up new job opportunities with better pay.
Utilize Assets:

If you have assets like property or gold, consider renting out space or selling non-essential items.
Education Planning
Scholarships and Grants:

Look for scholarships and grants for your children’s education. Many organizations offer financial aid based on merit or need.
Research online or consult school advisors for available options.
Education Loans:

Consider taking education loans if necessary. Choose options with favorable interest rates and repayment terms.
Investment Strategy
Mutual Funds:

Invest in mutual funds through a Certified Financial Planner. They provide professional management and diversify risk.
Opt for regular funds rather than direct funds. Regular funds offer professional advice and support from a CFP.
Avoid Real Estate Investment:

Given your current financial situation, avoid investing in real estate. It requires significant capital and is not liquid.
Actively Managed Funds:

Prefer actively managed funds over index funds. Actively managed funds have the potential for higher returns as they are professionally managed to outperform the market.
Long-Term Planning
Retirement Planning:

Ensure you are saving for retirement. Invest in options like PPF or NPS.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner to create a retirement plan tailored to your needs.
Insurance:

Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance coverage.
It protects against unforeseen circumstances and reduces financial burden during emergencies.
Final Insights
Managing your current economic situation requires careful planning and disciplined financial management.

Focus on budgeting, increasing income, and making informed investment choices. Seek scholarships for education and invest in mutual funds with professional guidance.

Your husband can explore part-time job opportunities to supplement the household income.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5188 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money
Dear sir, I am a railway employee, I am covered under NPS Scheme, can I also open a vpf and PPF account simultaneously with my nps savings?
Ans: Assessing the Possibility of Multiple Savings Schemes
You are covered under the NPS Scheme. It's great to see you considering other savings options. Yes, you can open both a VPF and a PPF account simultaneously with your NPS savings.

Benefits of Opening a VPF Account
The Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) is a good option. It offers the same interest rate as the EPF. Contributions are voluntary, and you can choose how much to invest.

Tax Benefits: Contributions to VPF are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.

Risk-Free Returns: The returns are guaranteed and risk-free.

Long-Term Savings: Helps in building a substantial corpus over time.

Benefits of Opening a PPF Account
The Public Provident Fund (PPF) is another excellent option. It is backed by the government, ensuring safety and stable returns.

Tax Benefits: Contributions to PPF are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.

Tax-Free Interest: The interest earned is tax-free.

Long-Term Investment: It has a lock-in period of 15 years, encouraging long-term savings.

Combining NPS with VPF and PPF
Combining NPS, VPF, and PPF can provide a balanced portfolio. Each scheme has its unique benefits. Together, they can help you achieve financial stability and security.

Diversification: Spreading your investments across these schemes reduces risk.

Tax Efficiency: Maximizes your tax benefits under different sections of the Income Tax Act.

Stable Returns: Ensures a mix of market-linked and fixed returns.

Professional Insight on Investment Strategy
It is prudent to diversify your investments. Each of these schemes offers different benefits and serves different financial goals.

Risk Management: NPS provides market-linked returns which can be volatile. VPF and PPF provide stability.

Flexibility: NPS allows partial withdrawals for specific needs. PPF has a lock-in but can be partially withdrawn after 7 years. VPF can be withdrawn under certain conditions.

Retirement Planning: These schemes together can create a substantial retirement corpus.

Additional Considerations
While these schemes offer many benefits, consider your financial goals. Assess your risk appetite and investment horizon.

Regular Monitoring: Keep track of your investments. Adjust them based on your financial goals and market conditions.

Consult a CFP: For a personalized plan, consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can help tailor an investment strategy to meet your specific needs.

Final Insights
Balancing NPS, VPF, and PPF can be a smart move. It provides a diversified portfolio with tax benefits, stability, and growth potential. Regularly review and adjust your investments to ensure they align with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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