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Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 26, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Deepak Question by Deepak on Jan 20, 2024Hindi
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Sunilji, I am 55 year old having 39 lack in MF, which is reinvested every month in MY buying more unit. having 1.4 cr in bank. 9 lack in MIS of post ( My self and wife). additionally investing 5K in Post RD, also i have invested LIC monthly pension scheme which will give me 2.5 lack / year. rental income from my property is after paying maintenance 45K my salary 4-8 lack /month i wanted to retire in neat 5 year post retirement i wanted to have 1.5 lack monthly income what should i do to get that amount.

Ans: Lot of your money is in Debt instruments, shift it to equity funds
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5171 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 16, 2024

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Sir My monthly income 82k after all tax deduction.Now I have one sip value 1lakh 30k where I invest 13k/month, 3lic insurance where I invest 60k annual,one term insurance 50lakhs till the age of 65,one home loan I have which emi 25k and over 2039. I want to take retire age of 50 and how would I get 2lakhs per month after retirement
Ans: Retirement Planning and Investment Strategy
Planning for retirement at the age of 50 requires careful financial management and strategic investment planning to achieve your goal of generating ?2 lakhs per month post-retirement. Let's analyze your current financial situation and outline an investment strategy to meet your retirement income needs.

Current Financial Situation
Monthly Income: ?82,000
SIP: ?1,30,000 (?13,000 per month)
Life Insurance: ?3 lakh annual premium
Term Insurance: ?50 lakhs coverage till age 65
Home Loan EMI: ?25,000 per month (until 2039)
Retirement Goal
You aim to retire at the age of 50 and generate ?2 lakhs per month post-retirement. To achieve this, we need to assess your retirement corpus requirement and devise an investment strategy accordingly.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Assuming you live until the age of 85 and accounting for inflation, you would need a substantial retirement corpus to sustain ?2 lakhs per month for 35 years post-retirement.

Investment Strategy
Increase Savings: Maximize your savings by reducing unnecessary expenses and allocating additional funds towards retirement planning.

Optimize Investments:

SIPs: Continue investing in SIPs, but consider diversifying across equity and debt funds to balance risk and returns.
Life Insurance: Evaluate the coverage and cost-effectiveness of your life insurance policies. Consider term insurance for pure protection and invest the remaining premium amount in instruments that offer better returns.
Term Insurance: Ensure your term insurance coverage adequately protects your family's financial needs in case of unforeseen circumstances.
Home Loan: While the home loan reduces your disposable income, it also helps build asset value over time. Continue timely payments to clear the debt by 2039.
Retirement Corpus Accumulation:

Estimate your retirement corpus requirement based on your desired post-retirement income and expenses.
Utilize online retirement calculators or consult with a financial planner to determine the required corpus.
Investment Allocation:

Allocate your investments across a mix of equity, debt, and real estate to achieve long-term growth and stability.
Consider tax-efficient investment options such as PPF, NPS, and tax-saving mutual funds to optimize returns and minimize tax liability.
Regular Review:

Periodically review your investment portfolio and make necessary adjustments based on changing financial goals, market conditions, and life circumstances.
Seek professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner to ensure your retirement plan remains on track and aligned with your objectives.
Conclusion
With a disciplined savings approach and strategic investment planning, you can work towards achieving your retirement goal of generating ?2 lakhs per month post-retirement. Start early, stay focused on your financial objectives, and seek expert advice to navigate your retirement journey successfully.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5171 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
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Hello sir, I am 36 years of age and earning 2.5 lakhs per month as of now. I am having 40 lakhs invested in MF and having sip of 60K per month. Also having 20 lakhs in PPF and 22 lakhs in PF. Along with it I have NPS corpus of 7 lakhs and FD around 35 lakhs. I want to retire at the age of 40 and having 1 son. Post retirement I need 1.5 lakhs per month. I have my own house and having outstanding loan of 20 lakhs left. How can I generate this for running my family expenses?
Ans: As a 36-year-old with a clear vision of retiring at 40 and ensuring a comfortable lifestyle for your family, your proactive approach towards financial planning is commendable. Let's devise a comprehensive strategy to facilitate early retirement and generate sustainable income post-retirement.

Evaluating Your Current Financial Position
Your investment portfolio comprises mutual funds, PPF, PF, NPS, FDs, and a housing loan, reflecting a diversified approach to wealth accumulation. With a robust monthly income and disciplined savings through SIPs and long-term investments, you're well-positioned to pursue your retirement goals.

Mapping Out Retirement Income Needs
Your target of ?1.5 lakhs per month post-retirement necessitates a steady stream of income to cover essential expenses and maintain your desired lifestyle. It's essential to calculate the corpus required to generate this income and explore suitable investment avenues to achieve this objective.

Leveraging Investment Vehicles for Income Generation
Mutual Funds: Continue your SIPs in mutual funds to capitalize on market growth and accumulate wealth over the long term. Consider shifting towards income-oriented funds or balanced funds closer to retirement to mitigate market volatility and generate regular income.

PPF and PF: While PPF and PF serve as valuable long-term savings instruments, they may not suffice as primary income sources post-retirement. However, they can complement your investment portfolio by providing a stable base of fixed income.

NPS: Explore the flexibility offered by NPS in terms of withdrawal options and annuity schemes to generate a regular income stream post-retirement. Optimize your asset allocation within NPS to align with your risk profile and income requirements.

FDs and Other Fixed-Income Instruments: Consider reallocating a portion of your FDs towards higher-yielding fixed-income instruments such as bonds, debentures, or debt mutual funds to enhance income generation potential while maintaining liquidity.

Managing Debt Obligations
Prioritize clearing your outstanding housing loan of ?20 lakhs to reduce debt burden and free up cash flow for retirement expenses. Consider leveraging surplus funds from your investment portfolio or liquidating non-essential assets to expedite loan repayment and achieve debt-free status.

Developing a Contingency Plan
Ensure you have adequate emergency funds set aside in a liquid account to cover unforeseen expenses and mitigate financial risks post-retirement. Review your insurance coverage, including health insurance and life insurance, to safeguard your family's financial well-being.

Conclusion: Embracing Financial Freedom and Family Security
In conclusion, your commitment to early retirement and providing for your family's future demonstrates commendable foresight and diligence. By adopting a balanced approach towards investment, debt management, and contingency planning, you can navigate the transition to retirement with confidence, ensuring sustained income generation and financial security for yourself and your loved ones.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5171 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 22, 2024

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Hi sir Am 46 yr old and my financial investment are as below : 1) recently started SIP with 45k monthly investment. 2) am investing in NPS 20k monthly for last 8 years (currently 25 lacs in nps portfolio) 3) am investing in sukanya 70k annually for past 9 years (currents 8 lacs in portfolio) 4) commercial property worth 1.8 cr generating me rent of 70k monthly 5) 1 flat worth 1.7 cr generating me rent of 40k monthly) 6) 1 floor where am staying worth 1.8 cr has a loan going with emi of 66 k which i plan to close within next 4 to 5 yrs max 7) PF is 22 lacs as of now due to some withdrawals earlier. But am doing additional vpf of 10k monthly apart from 25k which gets invested from my salary 8) my take home salary is 2.7 lacs monthly I want to retire in another 7 to 8 years.pls suggest what i need to do or plan so as to have monthly 3lacs income
Ans: First off, kudos on taking charge of your financial future. You have a diversified portfolio with multiple investments, and that's great. Let's break down your current investments and see how you can reach your goal of Rs 3 lakhs monthly income post-retirement.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
You've recently started a SIP with a monthly investment of Rs 45,000. SIPs are a fantastic way to build wealth over time. By investing regularly, you benefit from rupee cost averaging and the power of compounding. Given your goal, it's important to keep a close eye on the performance of the mutual funds you've chosen.

If you're in actively managed funds, ensure they consistently outperform their benchmarks. If any fund underperforms for an extended period, consider switching to a better-performing one. Actively managed funds, guided by professional fund managers, can potentially offer higher returns than passive funds.

National Pension System (NPS)
You've been investing Rs 20,000 monthly in NPS for the last eight years, with a current portfolio value of Rs 25 lakhs. NPS is a great choice for retirement planning due to its low cost and tax benefits.

However, NPS comes with certain withdrawal restrictions and partial annuitization at retirement. To maximize benefits, regularly review your asset allocation between equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. Adjust it based on market conditions and your risk tolerance. Given your timeline, consider increasing equity exposure slightly to boost potential returns.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
You're investing Rs 70,000 annually in Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for the past nine years, with a current corpus of Rs 8 lakhs. This is a wonderful scheme for your daughter's future, offering high-interest rates and tax benefits. Keep this investment untouched until maturity to fully benefit from its tax-free interest.

Real Estate Investments
You own commercial property worth Rs 1.8 crores, generating Rs 70,000 monthly rent, and a flat worth Rs 1.7 crores, generating Rs 40,000 monthly rent. These provide a substantial passive income, which is excellent.

However, real estate investments come with risks like maintenance costs, tenant issues, and market fluctuations. While they are stable, they aren't very liquid. Keep this in mind as you plan for retirement, where liquidity can be crucial.

Residential Property and Loan
Your home is worth Rs 1.8 crores, and you're paying an EMI of Rs 66,000. Planning to close this loan within 4-5 years is wise. Once the loan is repaid, your cash flow will improve significantly. Until then, ensure you have a buffer to handle EMIs without stress.

Provident Fund (PF) and Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)
Your current PF balance is Rs 22 lakhs, with an additional VPF contribution of Rs 10,000 monthly, apart from Rs 25,000 from your salary. Provident Fund is a safe and stable investment, offering guaranteed returns and tax benefits. Your regular contributions will compound over time, providing a substantial corpus at retirement.

Take-Home Salary and Expenses
Your take-home salary is Rs 2.7 lakhs monthly. With disciplined savings and investments, you're on a strong path. However, it's essential to ensure that your expenses are well-managed, allowing you to save and invest consistently. Budgeting is key here. Track your spending and identify areas where you can cut back, if necessary.

Setting Clear Retirement Goals
To retire with a monthly income of Rs 3 lakhs, we need to build a significant corpus. Let's look at the broad strategies to achieve this.

Increase SIP Contributions: If possible, gradually increase your SIP contributions. Even a small increase can make a big difference over time due to compounding.

Asset Allocation: Diversify your investments across different asset classes – equities, debt, and gold. Equities can offer higher returns, debt provides stability, and gold acts as a hedge against inflation.

Tax Efficiency: Ensure your investments are tax-efficient. Utilize all available tax-saving instruments to minimize tax liability and maximize returns.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures you won't have to dip into your investments during a financial crunch.

Insurance: Adequate life and health insurance are crucial. This protects your family and savings from unforeseen medical expenses or financial loss.

Enhancing Your Investment Strategy
Active Management Over Passive
While passive funds like index funds track a benchmark, actively managed funds aim to outperform it. This can lead to better returns if the fund manager makes smart investment decisions. Since you've not mentioned index funds, it's good to focus on active management where fund managers actively select stocks.

Regular Fund Investments
Direct funds might seem cheaper due to lower expense ratios, but regular funds through a certified financial planner can be beneficial. They offer professional advice and help optimize your portfolio. A financial planner provides valuable insights, ensuring your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance.

Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. This involves adjusting your investments to maintain your desired asset allocation. For instance, if equities perform well and exceed your target allocation, sell some and reinvest in underperforming assets. This ensures you stay on track to meet your goals while managing risk.

Maximizing NPS Benefits
As you get closer to retirement, consider shifting some NPS funds to safer assets like government bonds. This reduces risk as you near your goal. Also, explore options within NPS to ensure you're getting the best possible returns with minimal risk.

Building a Robust Retirement Corpus
Given your diverse investments, you're well on your way to building a robust retirement corpus. To achieve Rs 3 lakhs monthly income, let's look at the sources:

Rental Income: Your commercial and residential properties already generate Rs 1.1 lakhs monthly. Ensure properties are well-maintained to avoid tenant turnover and vacancies.

NPS and PF: Continue maximizing contributions to NPS and PF. At retirement, these can be significant sources of income.

SIP and Mutual Funds: Regular SIP investments in mutual funds will grow over time. Ensure a mix of equity and debt funds to balance growth and stability.

VPF Contributions: Your VPF contributions add to your retirement corpus, providing a stable and guaranteed return.

Exploring Additional Investment Options
Equity Investments
Equities offer the potential for high returns but come with higher risk. Given your time frame, you can consider increasing equity exposure. Diversified equity mutual funds or blue-chip stocks can be good options. Ensure you have a balanced approach, considering your risk tolerance.

Debt Instruments
Debt instruments like corporate bonds, government securities, and fixed deposits provide stability and regular income. Allocate a portion of your portfolio to these to balance risk. Look for options offering higher interest rates with good credit ratings.

Gold Investments
Gold is a traditional hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty. Consider investing a small portion of your portfolio in gold through ETFs or sovereign gold bonds. This diversifies your portfolio and adds a layer of security.

Planning for Inflation and Taxes
Inflation Protection
Inflation can erode your purchasing power over time. Ensure your investments grow faster than inflation. Equities and real estate generally outpace inflation, while debt instruments may lag. Keep this in mind while planning your asset allocation.

Tax Planning
Tax-efficient investing is crucial. Utilize available tax deductions and exemptions. For instance, investments in NPS, PF, and certain mutual funds offer tax benefits. Consult with a tax advisor to optimize your tax strategy, ensuring you retain more of your returns.

Financial Discipline and Regular Review
Consistent Investments
Stay disciplined with your investments. Regular contributions, even during market downturns, ensure you benefit from compounding and rupee cost averaging.

Periodic Reviews
Regularly review your financial plan and investments. Life circumstances and market conditions change, requiring adjustments to your strategy. A certified financial planner can help with this, ensuring you stay on track.

Emergency Preparedness
Maintain an emergency fund and adequate insurance coverage. This safeguards your investments and ensures financial stability during unforeseen events.

Final Insights
Your diversified investments and disciplined approach are commendable. To retire with a monthly income of Rs 3 lakhs, focus on maximizing returns, managing risk, and maintaining financial discipline. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio, ensuring it aligns with your goals and risk tolerance. By doing so, you're well on your way to a secure and comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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