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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 15, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Apr 28, 2024Hindi

I shall retire at 50.. in another 3 months. With a retirement corpus of 4.5 Cr from all sources and only kids education and marriage responsibility. Pl advise investment in sep/debt etc to generate a monthly running income of 1.5 lacs and to take care of kids.. son 18 years and daughter 15 years now.

Ans: Congratulations on your impending retirement! Let's create a comprehensive investment plan to ensure a steady monthly income of 1.5 lakhs to cover your expenses and provide for your children's education and marriage.

Portfolio Allocation Strategy
Given your retirement corpus of 4.5 crores, let's strategize the allocation of your assets across various investment avenues to generate a sustainable monthly income while preserving capital and managing risk effectively.

Equity Allocation: Allocate a portion of your portfolio to equity investments for long-term growth potential and inflation protection. Consider diversified equity mutual funds, index funds, or blue-chip stocks with a focus on dividend-paying companies.

Debt and Fixed Income: Allocate a significant portion of your portfolio to debt instruments like corporate bonds, government securities, and fixed deposits to provide stability and generate regular income. Explore options like Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS) and Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS) for steady cash flow.

Monthly Income Generation
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Utilize a systematic withdrawal plan from your investment portfolio to generate a steady monthly income stream. Determine the withdrawal rate based on your financial needs, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.

Dividend Income: Focus on investing in dividend-paying stocks and mutual funds to supplement your monthly income with regular dividend payouts.

Children's Education and Marriage Planning
Education Funds: Set aside a portion of your monthly income for your children's education expenses, including tuition fees, books, and extracurricular activities. Consider opening education-specific investment accounts like Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your daughter's education and Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in mutual funds for long-term wealth accumulation.

Marriage Fund: Start building a separate fund for your children's marriage expenses by allocating a portion of your monthly income towards investments with a medium to long-term horizon. Explore options like debt mutual funds, fixed deposits, and recurring deposits for this purpose.

Regular Portfolio Review and Adjustments
Ongoing Monitoring: Regularly review your investment portfolio's performance, income generation, and overall financial health. Make necessary adjustments to your asset allocation and investment strategy based on changing market conditions, personal goals, and life events.

Professional Guidance: Consider seeking advice from a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) or financial advisor to help you navigate retirement planning, investment management, and financial goal achievement effectively.

With a carefully crafted investment plan and strategic allocation of your retirement corpus, you can achieve your goal of generating a monthly running income of 1.5 lakhs to cover your expenses and fulfill your responsibilities towards your children's education and marriage. By prioritizing stability, income generation, and long-term growth, you can enjoy a financially secure and fulfilling retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,
Asked on - May 20, 2024 | Answered on May 20, 2024
Thanks Mr Ramalingam , can I request ur suggested portfolio to manage my expectation/needs please. I am open to a private session with you.
Ans: I appreciate your trust and willingness to connect.
Let's embark on this financial journey together.
You can reach me through my website mentioned below.
This platform has restrictions on sharing personal contact. Hope you understand.

Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 25, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, I am 40 years old and working in IT company. My intake monthly salary is 1.10 lakh. I have 6L in PF, 2L in PPF, 4L in stocks, 3.5L in emergency fund inFD and 2.5L in cash. And I have 3L in MF with month sip in 4-4K in HDFC nifty 50 Index fund and HDFC multicap fund and 10k monthly in LIC. I have only 1 child 10 years old and I want to retire with 3-4 crore for my future expenses and for my child education and other things. I can now invest 60k monthly so plz guide me how can I achieve.
Ans: Your goal of accumulating Rs 3-4 crore for future expenses and your child’s education is both achievable and admirable. Given your current savings and investment profile, let’s explore how you can strategically allocate your resources to reach your financial targets.

Assessment of Your Current Financial Position
You have a well-diversified portfolio, which includes provident fund (PF), public provident fund (PPF), stocks, emergency funds in fixed deposits (FD), mutual funds (MF), and life insurance (LIC). Your monthly salary is Rs 1.10 lakh, and you are able to invest Rs 60,000 monthly. Here’s a summary of your current assets:

Provident Fund (PF): Rs 6 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 2 lakh
Stocks: Rs 4 lakh
Emergency Fund in FD: Rs 3.5 lakh
Cash: Rs 2.5 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs 3 lakh (with SIPs of Rs 4,000 each in HDFC Nifty 50 Index Fund and HDFC Multicap Fund)
LIC: Rs 10,000 monthly
Evaluating Your Investment Options
Mutual Funds: Actively Managed Funds
You already have investments in index funds and multicap funds. However, actively managed funds could offer better returns due to professional management and active stock selection.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:

Professional Management: Experts manage your investments, making strategic decisions to maximize returns.

Potential for Higher Returns: Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.

Flexibility: Fund managers can quickly adapt to market changes.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Market-Linked Returns: Index funds merely replicate the market, lacking potential for higher returns.

No Active Management: Index funds don’t benefit from professional stock selection.

Given these points, consider allocating more to actively managed funds for potentially higher growth.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a disciplined approach to investing. It helps in averaging out the cost of investment and reduces the impact of market volatility.

Advantages of SIP:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Reduces the impact of market volatility by averaging out the purchase cost.

Discipline: Ensures regular investment without worrying about market timing.

Compounding: Long-term SIPs benefit from the power of compounding.

You are already investing through SIPs, which is excellent. Increasing your SIP amounts can further accelerate your wealth creation.

Fixed Deposits (FD) for Emergency Fund
Your emergency fund in FD is well-placed for safety and liquidity.

Advantages of FD:

Safety: FDs are considered very safe.

Guaranteed Returns: FDs offer fixed and guaranteed interest rates.

Disadvantages of FD:

Lower Returns: FD returns are generally lower compared to mutual funds.

Inflation Risk: Returns may not keep up with inflation.

Ensure your emergency fund remains adequate but consider other investment avenues for higher returns on excess funds.

Your investment in stocks shows a higher risk tolerance, which is beneficial for growth.

Advantages of Stocks:

High Returns: Stocks have the potential for high returns over the long term.

Ownership: Provides ownership in companies and benefits from their growth.

Disadvantages of Stocks:

Volatility: Stocks can be highly volatile and risky.

Time-Consuming: Requires constant monitoring and market knowledge.

Continue investing in stocks but balance this with safer options for risk management.

Strategic Allocation to Achieve Your Goal
To accumulate Rs 3-4 crore, you need a balanced approach that maximizes growth while managing risks.

Step 1: Increase SIP in Actively Managed Mutual Funds
Shift Focus: Allocate more funds to actively managed equity mutual funds instead of index funds.

Diversify: Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds for diversification.

Step 2: Maintain Adequate Emergency Fund
FD for Safety: Keep 6-12 months’ expenses in FD for emergency needs.

Liquid Funds: Consider liquid mutual funds for better returns with liquidity.

Step 3: Continue Investing in Stocks
Balanced Portfolio: Maintain a balanced portfolio of blue-chip and growth stocks.

Regular Review: Periodically review and rebalance your stock portfolio.

Step 4: Utilize PPF and PF Wisely
PPF Contributions: Continue contributing to PPF for tax benefits and safe returns.

PF Growth: Let your PF grow, benefiting from compounded returns.

Step 5: LIC and Insurance Planning
Review Policies: Ensure your LIC policy aligns with your financial goals.

Adequate Coverage: Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage for your family’s security.
Insurance-cum-investment schemes
Insurance-cum-investment schemes (ULIPs, endowment plans) offer a one-stop solution for insurance and investment needs. However, they might not be the best choice for pure investment due to:
• Lower Potential Returns: Guaranteed returns are usually lower than what MFs can offer through market exposure.
• Higher Costs: Multiple fees in insurance plans (allocation charges, admin fees) can reduce returns compared to the expense ratio of MFs.
• Limited Flexibility: Lock-in periods restrict access to your money, whereas MFs provide more flexibility.
MFs, on the other hand, focus solely on investment and offer:
• Potentially Higher Returns: Investments in stocks and bonds can lead to higher growth compared to guaranteed returns.
• Lower Costs: Expense ratios in MFs are generally lower than the multiple fees in insurance plans.
• Greater Control: You have a wider range of investment options and control over asset allocation to suit your risk appetite.
Consider your goals!
• Need life insurance? Term Insurance plans might be suitable.
• Focus on growing wealth? MFs might be a better option due to their flexibility and return potential.

Planning for Child’s Education and Retirement
Your child’s education and your retirement are your primary goals. Here’s a strategy to address both.

Child’s Education
Education Fund: Start a dedicated fund for your child’s education with equity mutual funds for growth.

Systematic Transfers: As your child approaches college age, systematically transfer funds to safer investments.

Retirement Planning
Retirement Corpus: Focus on building a retirement corpus through a mix of equity and debt mutual funds.

Regular Review: Review your retirement plan annually and adjust contributions as needed.

Estimating Future Value
While specific calculations are beyond this scope, a financial calculator or a Certified Financial Planner can help estimate the future value of your investments. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your strategy is essential to stay on track.

Final Thoughts and Recommendations
Your current financial discipline is commendable. To achieve your goal of Rs 3-4 crore, continue your SIPs, focus on actively managed funds, and maintain a diversified portfolio. Balance risk and safety through strategic asset allocation.

Thank you for seeking my guidance. Your proactive approach to securing your financial future and your child’s education is admirable. Feel free to reach out for further personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
I am 41 years ,with 1.1 crores in MF with monthly sip of 1 lac,50 Lacs in gold,10 lacs in LIC ,10 lacs in emergency fund 1 loan free flat.I have a loan running for the car. I have two sons aged 7 and 10 I would like to retire at 50 with monthly passive income of minimum 5 lacs. Kindly share investment ideas
Ans: It's impressive to see your dedication to building a solid foundation. Here’s a breakdown of your current assets:

Rs. 1.1 crores in mutual funds with a monthly SIP of Rs. 1 lakh.
Rs. 50 lakhs in gold.
Rs. 10 lakhs in an LIC policy.
Rs. 10 lakhs in an emergency fund.
A loan-free flat.
A running car loan.
Two sons aged 7 and 10.
You aim to retire at 50 with a passive monthly income of Rs. 5 lakhs. This goal is ambitious but achievable with the right strategy.

Assessing Your Investment Portfolio
Mutual Funds
Your investment in mutual funds is significant and shows a strong commitment to growth. However, it's crucial to review the types of mutual funds you're invested in. Diversification across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds is essential.

Actively managed funds tend to perform better than index funds in the long term. Actively managed funds are managed by professionals who aim to outperform the market. They offer better growth potential, especially in a volatile market.

Gold is a stable asset that can protect against inflation. However, it might not provide the growth needed to achieve your retirement goal. It’s advisable to limit gold to a smaller percentage of your portfolio.

LIC Policy
LIC policies often come with lower returns compared to mutual funds. Considering the goal of achieving a passive income of Rs. 5 lakhs per month, you might want to reconsider this investment.

Emergency Fund
Having Rs. 10 lakhs in an emergency fund is prudent. This ensures you have liquidity in case of unforeseen circumstances.

Real Estate
Owning a loan-free flat is a significant asset. While real estate is not recommended as an investment option here, your flat provides stability and reduces living expenses.

Car Loan
Managing your car loan efficiently is crucial. Ensure it doesn’t become a burden on your finances.

Strategic Investment Recommendations
Increase Equity Exposure
To achieve a substantial passive income, consider increasing your exposure to equities. Equities have the potential for higher returns compared to other asset classes.

Diversify Within Mutual Funds
Diversify your mutual fund investments across different sectors and market capitalizations. Include a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. This strategy spreads risk and capitalizes on various market opportunities.

Reduce Gold Allocation
While gold is a safe investment, it’s wise to reduce its allocation. You could redirect some of the funds in gold towards more growth-oriented investments like equities.

Reevaluate LIC Policy
Considering the lower returns from LIC policies, you might want to surrender the policy and reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds. This shift can enhance your overall portfolio returns.

Increase SIP Contributions
Your current SIP of Rs. 1 lakh per month is commendable. To accelerate growth, gradually increase this amount as your income allows. This practice is known as the ‘step-up SIP’ strategy.

Focus on Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can potentially provide better returns than index funds. Fund managers actively make decisions to outperform the market, offering higher growth potential.

Emergency Fund Maintenance
Maintain your emergency fund to cover at least six months of expenses. This ensures financial security without hindering long-term investments.

Planning for Children's Future
Education Fund
Consider setting up dedicated funds for your children’s education. Investing in child-specific mutual funds or SIPs can help accumulate a substantial corpus over time.

Financial Security
Ensure you have adequate term insurance to protect your family. A term plan provides a financial cushion in case of unforeseen events.

Retirement Planning
Calculate Retirement Corpus
To achieve a monthly passive income of Rs. 5 lakhs, you need a substantial retirement corpus. Assuming a conservative withdrawal rate, you might need a corpus of around Rs. 12 crores.

Increase Retirement Contributions
Increase your monthly SIP contributions. Regularly review and adjust your investments to stay on track towards your retirement goal.

Focus on Growth-Oriented Investments
Prioritize growth-oriented investments like equities and high-performing mutual funds. They can offer the necessary growth to build your retirement corpus.

Diversify Investments
Diversify across asset classes to manage risk and ensure steady growth. Include a mix of equities, debt instruments, and other high-yield investments.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your retirement goals. Rebalance your investments to maintain the desired asset allocation.

Generating Passive Income
Dividend-Yielding Investments
Consider investments that provide regular dividends. Dividend-yielding stocks and mutual funds can offer a steady income stream.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Implement a Systematic Withdrawal Plan in mutual funds. SWPs allow you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly, providing a stable income during retirement.

Rental Income
If possible, consider generating rental income from your property. Rental income can supplement your passive income needs.

Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS)
After retirement, invest in the Senior Citizen Savings Scheme. SCSS offers a secure and regular income for senior citizens.

Monthly Income Plans (MIPs)
Invest in Monthly Income Plans which provide regular payouts. MIPs balance growth and income, ensuring a stable cash flow.

Final Insights
Achieving a monthly passive income of Rs. 5 lakhs is a challenging but attainable goal. Focus on increasing your equity exposure, diversifying your investments, and regularly reviewing your portfolio. Actively managed mutual funds can offer better returns compared to index funds.

Consider reducing gold allocation and reassessing your LIC policy. Ensure you have adequate insurance coverage and an emergency fund. Plan for your children’s education and future needs.

Gradually increase your SIP contributions and focus on growth-oriented investments. Implement strategies like SWP and dividend-yielding investments for passive income. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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