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Omkeshwar Singh  | Answer  |Ask -

Head, Rank MF - Answered on Dec 10, 2019

Mutual Fund Expert... more
Manjunath Question by Manjunath on Dec 10, 2019Hindi

Recommendations in Reply table

Name of the FundCategoryRankMF Star RatingRecommendations
Aditya Birla Sun Life Frontline Equity Equity - Large Cap Fund 4 Continue the investment
Mirae asset large cap fund Equity - Value Fund 4 Continue the investment
Kotak Standard Multicap Fund Equity - Multi Cap Fund 4 Continue the investment
Aditya Birla Sun Life Equity Fund Equity - Multi Cap Fund 4 Continue the investment
Mirae asset focussed fund Equity - Focused Fund 5 Continue the investment
HDFC Mid-Cap Opportunities Fund Equity - Mid Cap Fund 3 Better options are available, refer the recommended schemes of this category
Reliance small cap fund Equity - Small cap Fund 2 Better options are available, refer the recommended schemes of this category


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Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 11, 2024Hindi
I am 52 years old ,working in a private company , leaving with Two Kids Aged 20 and 15 years . Wife is a housewife. My portfolio - 7 Lacs in Employee Provident Fund , 12 Lacs in PPF , 13 Lacs in Mutual Fund , 20 Lacs in Unit Linked Insurance policies. Liability : 12 Lac Housing Loan and 7 Lac Car Loan , Both Loans will be cleared off by Mid 2028 . Monthly Earning is 1.5 Lac and Expenses are 80 K per month excluding Loan EMI . I invest 30 K in MF regulalry from 2022. Advise how to generate the corpus of 2 Cr by 2030.
Ans: Your current financial position includes diverse assets and liabilities. You have significant investments and ongoing loans. Your goals are clear, and you aim to build a Rs. 2 crore corpus by 2030. Let's delve into a structured plan to achieve this.

Evaluating Current Investments
Employee Provident Fund (EPF):

You have Rs. 7 lakh in EPF.
EPF is a stable and low-risk investment, ideal for retirement savings.
Continue contributing to EPF for assured returns and tax benefits.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):

You have Rs. 12 lakh in PPF.
PPF offers tax-free returns and has a long lock-in period.
Keep investing in PPF for steady and secure growth.
Mutual Funds:

You have Rs. 13 lakh in mutual funds and invest Rs. 30,000 monthly.
Mutual funds provide diversified exposure to the market.
Actively managed funds can potentially offer higher returns than index funds.
Unit Linked Insurance Policies (ULIPs):

You have Rs. 20 lakh in ULIPs.
ULIPs combine insurance with investment, but their returns can be lower due to high charges.
Consider surrendering ULIPs and reinvesting in mutual funds for better growth.
Addressing Liabilities
Housing Loan:

Rs. 12 lakh housing loan to be cleared by mid-2028.
Home loans provide tax benefits, but aim to clear this debt as planned.
Car Loan:

Rs. 7 lakh car loan to be cleared by mid-2028.
Car loans are high-cost debts. Focus on timely repayment.
Monthly Income and Expenses
Monthly Earnings:

You earn Rs. 1.5 lakh per month.
This provides a comfortable base for investments.
Monthly Expenses:

Your expenses are Rs. 80,000 per month, excluding EMI.
Effective budgeting will help in managing savings and investments.
Investment Strategy for Corpus Building
Increase SIP in Mutual Funds:

Currently, you invest Rs. 30,000 monthly in mutual funds.
Increase this amount progressively as your salary grows.
Diversify across equity, debt, and hybrid funds for balanced growth.
Surrender ULIPs:

Consider surrendering ULIPs and reinvesting the proceeds in mutual funds.
This can potentially provide higher returns and lower charges.
Regular Review and Rebalancing:

Periodically review your portfolio.
Rebalance to maintain the desired asset allocation and risk profile.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Professional Management:

Actively managed funds are handled by expert fund managers.
They aim to outperform the market through strategic decisions.
Flexibility and Adaptability:

Fund managers can adapt to market changes.
This can lead to better performance compared to passive funds.
Higher Return Potential:

Though they come with higher fees, the potential returns can justify the cost.
They aim for long-term capital appreciation.
Avoiding Index Funds
Lack of Active Management:

Index funds mimic the market and lack professional management.
They cannot adapt to market fluctuations.
Lower Return Potential:

They may provide lower returns compared to actively managed funds.
Limited scope for outperforming the market.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Lack of Professional Guidance:

Direct funds require investors to make decisions without professional help.
This can be challenging for those without deep financial knowledge.

Managing and tracking direct funds takes time and effort.
Investors must stay updated on market trends and fund performance.
Risk of Emotional Decisions:

Without professional guidance, investors may make emotional decisions.
This can lead to buying high and selling low, hurting returns.
Benefits of Investing Through Certified Financial Planners (CFPs)
Expertise and Experience:

CFPs bring extensive knowledge and experience to the table.
They can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial goals.
Holistic Financial Planning:

CFPs look at your overall financial picture.
They help in tax planning, retirement planning, and risk management.
Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing:

CFPs regularly review and adjust your portfolio.
This ensures alignment with your financial objectives and market conditions.
Managing Loans Efficiently
Focus on Timely Repayment:

Ensure regular EMI payments to clear housing and car loans by mid-2028.
This will free up cash flow for additional investments.
Utilize Surplus Income:

Any surplus income or bonuses can be used to prepay loans.
Reducing loan tenure saves on interest costs.
Enhancing Savings and Investments
Increase Savings Rate:

Aim to increase your savings rate as your income grows.
This accelerates your corpus-building efforts.
Optimize Expense Management:

Review and optimize your expenses regularly.
Identify areas where you can cut costs without compromising on essentials.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund for unforeseen expenses.
This ensures you don’t have to dip into your investments prematurely.
Investment Diversification
Equity Funds:

Equity funds provide growth potential through stock market investments.
Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for balanced exposure.
Debt Funds:

Debt funds offer stability and regular income.
They are less volatile and help balance the risk in your portfolio.
Hybrid Funds:

Hybrid funds invest in both equity and debt.
They offer a mix of growth and stability, suitable for medium-risk investors.
Setting Realistic Goals and Monitoring Progress
Define Milestones:

Break down the Rs. 2 crore goal into smaller milestones.
This makes it easier to track progress and stay motivated.
Regular Reviews:

Conduct quarterly reviews of your portfolio.
Adjust strategies based on performance and changing financial goals.
Stay Informed:

Stay updated on market trends and economic conditions.
This helps in making informed investment decisions.
Adopting a Disciplined Approach
Consistent Investments:

Maintain a disciplined approach to investing.
Regular contributions, even during market downturns, lead to better outcomes.
Avoid Timing the Market:

Focus on time in the market rather than timing the market.
Long-term investments typically yield better returns.
Stay Patient:

Building a significant corpus takes time and patience.
Stay committed to your financial plan.
Tax Planning and Optimization
Utilize Tax Benefits:

EPF and PPF offer tax-free returns and should be maximized.
Invest in tax-saving mutual funds to reduce tax liability.
Efficient Tax Management:

Understand the tax implications of your investments.
Plan to minimize taxes and maximize returns.
Regular Tax Reviews:

Review your tax strategy annually.
Adjust based on changes in tax laws and your financial situation.
Risk Management
Adequate Insurance Cover:

Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance.
This protects your family in case of unforeseen events.
Diversified Portfolio:

Diversify your investments across different asset classes.
This reduces risk and enhances returns.
Regular Risk Assessment:

Assess your risk tolerance periodically.
Adjust your portfolio to align with your risk appetite.
Planning for Retirement
Retirement Goals:

Define your retirement goals clearly.
Estimate the amount needed for a comfortable retirement.
EPF and PPF Contributions:

Continue contributions to EPF and PPF.
These are reliable sources of retirement income.
Create a Retirement Corpus:

Use mutual funds to build a retirement corpus.
Start early to benefit from the power of compounding.
Involving the Family in Financial Planning
Financial Education:

Educate your family about financial planning.
Involve them in discussions about investments and savings.
Joint Decision Making:

Make investment decisions jointly with your spouse.
This ensures alignment of financial goals.
Planning for Children's Education:

Plan and save for your children’s higher education.
Consider education funds or dedicated mutual fund portfolios.
Final Insights
Achieving a Rs. 2 crore corpus by 2030 is a realistic goal with disciplined planning. Focus on maximizing your existing investments and efficiently managing liabilities. Increase your SIP in mutual funds and consider surrendering ULIPs for better returns. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio with the help of a Certified Financial Planner. Stay informed, patient, and disciplined in your approach. Your journey towards financial independence and a secure future is well within reach.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Hi Mam, Good day I am 46 years old earning about 3 Lakh per month. I am Planning to retire by 54 years. My current assets/ savings are as follows: Properties and plots - 6.5 crores PF, PPF and NPS - 25 Lakhs FD - 50 Lakhs Emergency fund - 8 Lakhs Stocks and Mutual Fund - 25 Lakhs Gold - 90 Lakhs LIC and Tax saver funds - 25 Lakhs Other Investments - 5 Lakhs Apart from this I have a Term insurance of Rs. 1 crore and medical insurance of Rs. 15 Lakh. I have my own house so need to pay any rent. Currently I am getting an additional income of 65000 with my asset/ saving through rent and interest. I want to increase my additional income to Rs. 1 Lakh/month. What is the best way to increase my additional income of Rs. 35000 in next 8 years to have a peaceful retirement. Thanks for your advice in advance. Regards, Krishna Prasad
Ans: Dear Krishna Prasad,

Good day! Thank you for sharing the details of your financial landscape. Your disciplined approach towards saving and investing is commendable and sets a strong foundation for a secure retirement. Let's delve into the specifics of how you can enhance your additional income by Rs. 35,000 per month over the next eight years to achieve your goal of a peaceful retirement by age 54.

Reviewing Your Asset Allocation
Properties and Plots: Rs. 6.5 Crores

Real estate constitutes a significant portion of your portfolio. While this is a stable and appreciating asset, it isn't highly liquid. Therefore, it's crucial to focus on other investments for increasing your monthly income.

Provident Fund, Public Provident Fund, and National Pension System: Rs. 25 Lakhs

These are excellent for long-term growth and tax benefits. However, their contribution to your monthly income is minimal.

Fixed Deposits: Rs. 50 Lakhs

Fixed deposits provide safety but typically offer lower returns compared to other investment avenues. We'll explore better alternatives while keeping a portion for safety.

Emergency Fund: Rs. 8 Lakhs

Maintaining an emergency fund is wise. This should remain untouched for unforeseen expenses.

Stocks and Mutual Funds: Rs. 25 Lakhs

This portion of your portfolio can generate higher returns and income through dividends and capital gains.

Gold: Rs. 90 Lakhs

Gold is a good hedge against inflation but doesn’t generate monthly income. We should consider how to optimize its role in your portfolio.

LIC and Tax Saver Funds: Rs. 25 Lakhs

These offer moderate returns and tax benefits. Reviewing these investments for potential improvement in returns could be beneficial.

Other Investments: Rs. 5 Lakhs

We can analyze these for better alignment with your income goals.

Term Insurance: Rs. 1 Crore and Medical Insurance: Rs. 15 Lakhs

These policies provide necessary protection and should be retained.

Enhancing Monthly Income
To achieve an additional Rs. 35,000 per month, let's consider various strategies. Each has its own risk and return profile, which we'll assess in detail.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Systematic Withdrawal Plans from mutual funds allow you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly. This strategy helps in generating a steady income stream while your principal continues to grow.


Potential for higher returns than fixed deposits.
Flexibility in withdrawal amounts.

Market volatility can affect the fund value.
Requires careful selection of funds with stable performance.
Dividend-Paying Stocks
Investing in high-dividend-paying stocks can provide a regular income stream. These companies distribute a portion of their earnings to shareholders regularly.


Potential for capital appreciation along with dividend income.
Dividends can provide tax-efficient income.

Stock prices can be volatile.
Requires thorough research and selection of reliable companies.
High-Yield Debt Funds
Debt funds with a focus on high-yield bonds can offer better returns than traditional fixed deposits.


Better returns compared to fixed deposits.
Diversification of risk.

Credit risk associated with bonds.
Interest rate risk can affect fund value.
Balanced Advantage Funds
These funds dynamically manage the asset allocation between equity and debt based on market conditions. This can provide growth and income with moderate risk.


Automatic adjustment between equity and debt.
Potential for stable returns with lower risk.

Performance depends on the fund manager's strategy.
May have higher management fees.
Gold Monetization Scheme
If you have idle gold, consider the Gold Monetization Scheme. It offers interest on your gold holdings while keeping the asset intact.


Earn interest on otherwise idle gold.
Retain gold's value.

Limited liquidity compared to selling gold.
Interest rates may be lower than other investments.
Regularly Review and Rebalance Your Portfolio
It's crucial to periodically review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals and market conditions.


Review asset performance semi-annually or annually.
Rebalance to maintain desired asset allocation.
Adjust investments based on changing goals or market outlook.
Tax Efficiency
Maximizing tax efficiency can enhance your net income.


Utilize tax-free bonds for tax-efficient interest income.
Opt for tax-efficient mutual fund investments.
Leverage tax deductions and exemptions available under the Income Tax Act.
Exploring SIP in Mutual Funds
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in mutual funds allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, building a substantial corpus over time.


Disciplined investment approach.
Rupee cost averaging mitigates market volatility.

Requires long-term commitment for best results.
Market risk associated with equity mutual funds.
Leveraging Professional Guidance
Working with a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your unique situation. They can help in optimizing your portfolio, ensuring your investments align with your income and retirement goals.


Expert analysis and recommendations.
Regular monitoring and adjustment of your financial plan.
Comprehensive approach to financial planning.
Diversification across asset classes reduces risk and enhances potential returns.


Balance investments between equity, debt, and alternative assets.
Avoid over-concentration in any single asset class.
Regularly review and adjust diversification strategy.
Final Insights
Krishna, your financial discipline has set a strong foundation for your retirement. By optimizing your existing portfolio and exploring new investment avenues, you can achieve your goal of increasing your additional income to Rs. 1 lakh per month. Focus on diversifying your investments, leveraging professional guidance, and maintaining a regular review schedule. This strategic approach will help you achieve a comfortable and peaceful retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 15, 2024Hindi
Good day Sir, I am 37 years old, I own a 2 bhk house in panvel and car which is debt free. Currently I do not have any ongoing loan. I am a seafarer , I sail for around 7 months on ships and 5 months on land, while on land I do not have any income. My salary package is 65 lakhs/year. My investments are as below. I wish to be invested in LIC for 15 years till the maturity date. LIC FAMILY PLAN - Investment started in Au2024 - with quaterly plan total of 57700/quater 1. LIC JEEVAN LABH 836 SELF 2. LIC JEEVAN LABH 836 WIFE 3.LIC JEEVAN TARUN -834 1ST CHILD 4. LIC JEEVAN TARUN - 834 2ND CHILD Above is for 15 years for self and wife and for children it is 20 years maturity date. Mutual funds - Planning to be invested only for 10 years. 1.HDFC LIFE SAMPOORN NIVESH-HEFC FLEXI CAP FUND , TAKEN FOR SLEF -INVESTING 2.0LAKHS/YEAR FOR 5 YEARS., INVESTMENT STARTED IN JAN 2024, WITH 5 YEARS LOCKIN PERIOD. 2. MAX LIFE NIFTY SMALLCAP QUALITY INDEX FUND. TAKEN FOR WIFE. INVESTED 2.0 LAKHS/ YEAR INVESTED IN JAN 2024 WITH 5 YEARS OF LOCKIN PERIOD. 3.SBI CONTRA FUND REGULAR GROWTH - LUMPSUM , INVESTED 50K IM DEC 2023. SIP's Planning to be invested for 10 to 15 years 1.Kotak small cap fund 2500/ month 2.axis bluecip fund 2500/ month 3.Edelwesis mid cap fund 2500/ month 4.Canara MF 2500/Month 5.ICICI Prudential INDIA opportunities fund 2500/ month 6.ICICI Prudential Blue chip fund 2000/month 7.Tata small cap fund 3000/ month 8 Tata ethical fund regular plan growth 5000/month.. 9.SBI large and midcap regular growth 800/ week 10.SBI small cap fund direct growth 10000/month 11.SBI Automative opportunities fund dire t plan growth 5000/ month. Sharemarket Parga parek 50k INR shares. Crypto- 1 lakhs investment. Request you to reveiw my investment, I am planning to have a corpus of 10 crore till i retire, which i will be planning till the age of 45 to 50 years. I have 2 son, current age are 7 years and 5 years. Also want to build a good corpus for there education. Also in next 2 years i will be planning to build emergency funds around 10 lakhs, and that i wish to park in liquid funds, so i will be able to get some minimum growth. I also have mediclaim of 40k per year for my family. Term plan for 2 cr. As per my retirment planning is the above investment enough to grow 10cr in next 13 years. Thanks and warm regards Ramiz
Ans: Hello Ramiz,

It's great to see your detailed investment strategy. You have made significant strides in planning for your future and your family. Your current investment portfolio is diverse and well-structured. Given your goal of accumulating a corpus of Rs 10 crore by the age of 50, let's review your investments to ensure they align with your objectives.

Current Investment Overview
Life Insurance Policies
You have invested in several LIC plans for yourself, your wife, and your children. While LIC policies provide financial security and maturity benefits, they often offer lower returns compared to other investment avenues.

Mutual Funds
Your mutual fund investments are a mix of equity and hybrid funds, with a focus on long-term growth. This is a good approach as equity mutual funds tend to provide higher returns over the long term.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Your SIPs are spread across various fund categories, including small cap, mid cap, and blue chip funds. This diversification helps mitigate risk while aiming for significant returns.

Stock Market and Cryptocurrencies
Investing in the stock market and cryptocurrencies adds another layer of diversification. However, these investments come with higher volatility and risk.

Emergency Fund and Insurance
Planning to build an emergency fund of Rs 10 lakhs in liquid funds is wise. Your mediclaim policy and term plan ensure financial protection for your family.

Review and Recommendations
Life Insurance Policies
LIC policies are secure but may not offer the best returns for wealth creation. Considering the lock-in period and the lower returns, you might want to reassess these investments.

Consider Surrendering Policies: You could surrender some LIC policies and reinvest the proceeds into mutual funds or SIPs with higher growth potential. This can accelerate your corpus building.
Mutual Funds
Your mutual fund investments are generally well-chosen. However, let's focus on maximizing their potential.

Actively Managed Funds Over Index Funds: Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform the market, unlike index funds which mirror market performance. Your mutual funds should remain actively managed to benefit from professional expertise and potential higher returns.

Regular Plans Over Direct Funds: Regular plans offer access to professional advice through Certified Financial Planners (CFP), which can be beneficial for making informed decisions and navigating market complexities.

Your SIP investments are well-diversified, which is excellent for balancing risk and return. Here are some additional thoughts:

Continue Diversification: Your SIPs in small cap, mid cap, and blue chip funds ensure a balanced risk profile. Continue this strategy to maintain growth and stability.

Review Performance Regularly: Keep an eye on the performance of your SIPs and make adjustments as needed. This ensures your investments stay aligned with market conditions and your goals.

Stock Market and Cryptocurrencies
While these are high-risk investments, they can yield high returns. Here's how to approach them:

Limit Exposure: Given their volatility, limit your exposure to stocks and cryptocurrencies to a small percentage of your overall portfolio. This will protect your capital while allowing for potential growth.

Stay Informed: Keep abreast of market trends and news related to your stock and crypto investments. This will help you make timely decisions and mitigate risks.

Emergency Fund
Building an emergency fund in liquid funds is a sound strategy. Liquid funds provide easy access to your money and offer some returns.

Regular Contributions: Make regular contributions to your emergency fund until you reach your Rs 10 lakhs goal. This disciplined approach ensures you are prepared for any financial contingencies.
Your current insurance coverage seems adequate. The mediclaim policy and term plan provide necessary financial protection.

Review Coverage: Periodically review your insurance coverage to ensure it meets your family’s needs. Adjust the coverage if necessary to keep pace with inflation and changing life circumstances.
Planning for Children's Education
Building a corpus for your children's education is crucial. Here are some strategies:

Invest in Child-specific Plans: Consider child education plans that offer a mix of equity and debt. These plans are designed to provide significant returns over the long term and ensure funds are available when needed.

Regular Investments: Continue regular investments in SIPs and mutual funds. This will help grow the education corpus systematically.

Consider Education Loans: If required, education loans can supplement your savings and ensure your children receive the best education without financial strain.

Achieving the Rs 10 Crore Goal
To reach your goal of Rs 10 crore by the age of 50, focus on the following strategies:

Increase Investment Amounts
Boost SIP Contributions: Gradually increase your SIP contributions as your income grows. This can significantly enhance your corpus over time.
Optimize Portfolio Returns
High-growth Investments: Allocate a portion of your portfolio to high-growth investments like mid-cap and small-cap funds. These have the potential to offer higher returns.
Monitor and Rebalance
Regular Review: Conduct regular reviews of your investment portfolio. Rebalance it periodically to ensure it remains aligned with your goals and risk tolerance.
Tax Planning
Utilize Tax-saving Instruments: Invest in tax-saving instruments like ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) to reduce your tax liability and increase your effective returns.

Tax-efficient Withdrawals: Plan your withdrawals in a tax-efficient manner to maximize the amount available for your goals.

Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is robust and well-diversified. By making a few adjustments, you can optimize your portfolio to achieve your financial goals. Focus on high-growth investments, regularly review your portfolio, and ensure your insurance coverage is adequate. With disciplined investing and strategic planning, you are well on your way to achieving your Rs 10 crore target and securing your family’s future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 15, 2024Hindi
Hi sir...I am planning to investment in several mutual fund which I have selected for long term purposes (as I still learning and have some experience in investment). Could you tell me your view that whether is it good or somewhat ok where investing in thousand amount range with a stepup(from every year to a quarter) and increase the amount in both. Here are the list where I selected: 1) Motilal Oswal Midcap Fund Direct Growth 2)Quant Small Cap Fund Direct Plan Growth 3) JM Value Fund Direct Plan Growth 4) Quant Flexi cap Fund Direct Growth
Ans: Investing in mutual funds is a wise decision. You've shown diligence in selecting funds for the long term. Long-term investments typically yield better returns due to compounding. It's encouraging to see your commitment to learning and gaining experience in investments. Let's dive into your chosen funds and overall strategy, providing a comprehensive view.

Evaluating Your Fund Choices
Motilal Oswal Midcap Fund Direct Growth
Midcap funds can offer higher growth compared to large-cap funds. They invest in medium-sized companies, which have the potential for substantial growth. However, midcap funds are more volatile and risky. It's crucial to have a long investment horizon, which you seem to have. This fund can add significant value to your portfolio if you can withstand short-term fluctuations.

Quant Small Cap Fund Direct Plan Growth
Small cap funds invest in smaller companies, which can grow rapidly. However, they are highly volatile and carry more risk than midcap and large-cap funds. These funds are suitable if you have a high risk tolerance and a long-term perspective. The Quant Small Cap Fund might offer impressive returns, but be prepared for high volatility.

JM Value Fund Direct Plan Growth
Value funds invest in undervalued companies. These companies have strong fundamentals but are trading at lower prices. Value investing requires patience, as it might take time for these stocks to reach their potential. JM Value Fund aims to capitalize on this strategy. It can provide stable returns over time if you are patient and have a long-term view.

Quant Flexi Cap Fund Direct Growth
Flexi cap funds have the flexibility to invest across market capitalizations. They offer diversification benefits, reducing risk. Quant Flexi Cap Fund can adapt to market conditions, potentially providing balanced growth. It's a versatile option in your portfolio, offering stability and growth potential.

The Disadvantages of Direct Plans
While direct plans might seem appealing due to lower expense ratios, they have drawbacks. Direct plans require more active management and deeper knowledge. You need to stay updated on market trends, economic conditions, and fund performance. Without guidance, making the right decisions can be challenging.

Benefits of Regular Plans with CFP Guidance
Regular plans involve a higher expense ratio, but they come with professional guidance. Certified Financial Planners (CFPs) can provide valuable insights, help with fund selection, and ensure your portfolio aligns with your financial goals. Investing through a CFP adds a layer of expertise, enhancing your investment strategy's effectiveness.

The Importance of Professional Guidance
Investing without professional guidance can be daunting. CFPs offer personalized advice, considering your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial goals. They help in portfolio diversification, rebalancing, and navigating market volatility. This professional support can be invaluable, especially for long-term success.

Step-Up Investment Strategy
Your plan to start with a smaller amount and gradually increase it is sound. This step-up strategy leverages the power of compounding. Increasing your investment amount periodically can significantly enhance your corpus over time. It's a disciplined approach, ensuring you stay committed to your financial goals.

Annual and Quarterly Step-Up
Increasing your investment annually or quarterly is beneficial. Annual step-ups align with salary increments and bonuses, making it easier to allocate more funds. Quarterly step-ups offer more frequent adjustments, compounding your investments faster. Choose a step-up frequency that suits your financial situation and goals.

Long-Term Investment Perspective
A long-term investment horizon is crucial for mutual funds, especially equity-oriented ones. Markets are inherently volatile in the short term, but they tend to grow over the long term. By staying invested for a longer period, you can ride out market fluctuations and benefit from compounding returns.

Portfolio Diversification
Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across different asset classes. Your selected funds cover various market capitalizations and investment styles. This diversification can protect your portfolio from market volatility and enhance returns. Ensure you review your portfolio periodically to maintain a balanced allocation.

Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly monitoring your portfolio is essential. Track

performance, stay updated on market trends, and make informed decisions. Rebalancing your portfolio periodically ensures it stays aligned with your risk tolerance and financial goals. For instance, if a particular fund outperforms and its allocation increases significantly, rebalancing can help restore the desired allocation.

The Drawbacks of Index Funds
Index funds might seem attractive due to their low cost and broad market exposure. However, they have limitations. Index funds mimic the market, which means they cannot outperform it. During market downturns, index funds suffer equally. Moreover, they lack the flexibility to capitalize on specific opportunities or avoid underperforming sectors.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, on the other hand, have the potential to outperform the market. Fund managers actively select stocks, aiming to achieve higher returns. They can respond to market changes, leverage opportunities, and mitigate risks. While the expense ratio is higher, the potential for better returns justifies the cost.

Importance of Patience and Discipline
Investing is not a get-rich-quick scheme. It requires patience and discipline. Avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements. Stick to your investment plan, and stay focused on your long-term goals. Consistent investing, even in small amounts, can lead to substantial wealth creation over time.

Genuine Compliments and Encouragement
You've taken a significant step by planning your investments and seeking advice. Your proactive approach and willingness to learn are commendable. Keep up the good work, and continue expanding your knowledge. Your dedication and discipline will undoubtedly yield positive results in the long run.

It's natural to feel uncertain when investing, especially with market volatility. Understand that every investor experiences ups and downs. By staying informed and seeking professional advice, you're already ahead. It's okay to have concerns; what's important is to stay committed to your financial goals.

Appreciating Your Efforts
Your effort in researching and selecting funds deserves appreciation. Many people overlook the importance of financial planning. By taking control of your investments, you're ensuring a secure financial future. Keep up the excellent work, and continue to prioritize your financial well-being.

Avoiding Annuities as an Investment Option
Annuities often promise guaranteed returns, but they come with high fees and less flexibility. They might not align with your long-term investment goals. Instead, focus on mutual funds and other investment avenues that offer better growth potential and flexibility.

Surrendering LIC, ULIP, and Investment-Cum-Insurance Policies
If you hold LIC, ULIP, or similar policies, consider their performance. These products often have high charges and offer lower returns compared to mutual funds. Surrendering these policies and reinvesting in mutual funds can provide better growth potential. Ensure you evaluate the surrender charges and any potential tax implications before making a decision.

Final Insights
Investing in mutual funds is a powerful strategy for long-term wealth creation. Your chosen funds offer a good mix of growth and stability. While direct plans might seem cost-effective, regular plans with professional guidance can enhance your investment strategy. A step-up approach to increasing your investments is prudent and leverages the power of compounding. Stay patient, disciplined, and focused on your long-term goals. Regularly monitor and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your objectives. Keep learning and adapting your strategy as needed.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Hi sir, im 39now with 3daughters elder one s disabled and rest two are 4yrsold how can i plan finacially for them plz suggest
Ans: Raising three daughters, especially with one having special needs, requires a thoughtful financial strategy. I understand the emotional and financial stress this can cause. Let's look at a comprehensive financial plan for your family.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
First, let's assess your current financial standing. This includes your income, expenses, savings, and investments. Knowing where you stand helps to plan for your children's future.

Identify all sources of income. This includes your salary, any additional income, and existing investments.

Next, track your expenses. Understand where your money goes each month. This will highlight areas where you can save.

Also, review your current savings and investments. Ensure they align with your long-term goals.

Prioritizing Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial. It ensures financial stability during unexpected events.

Set aside at least six months of living expenses. This should cover rent, groceries, medical bills, and other essential costs.

Keep this fund in a separate, easily accessible account. Avoid using it for non-emergencies.

Planning for Special Needs
Your eldest daughter's needs are unique. Ensure you have a dedicated fund for her.

Consider setting up a trust. This provides financial security for her future.

Plan for long-term care insurance. This covers medical and caregiving costs as she ages.

Education Planning for Your Daughters
Education is a major expense. Start planning early to ease this burden.

Estimate future education costs. Consider inflation and rising fees.

Explore education savings plans. These offer tax benefits and encourage disciplined saving.

Invest in diversified portfolios. This balances risk and returns over time.

Regular Investments in Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a good choice for long-term goals. They offer diversification and professional management.

Choose actively managed funds. They outperform index funds in the long run. Actively managed funds have experienced managers making informed decisions.

Avoid direct funds. They lack professional guidance and can lead to poor investment choices. Instead, invest through a certified financial planner.

Ensuring Proper Insurance Coverage
Insurance protects your family from financial crises. Ensure you have adequate coverage.

Review your life insurance. Calculate if it can cover your family's expenses and debts.

Consider health insurance. It covers medical costs, reducing financial strain during illnesses.

Avoid investment-cum-insurance policies. They often offer low returns. If you have any, consider surrendering and reinvesting in mutual funds.

Retirement Planning
Your retirement should be financially secure. Plan early to enjoy a comfortable retirement.

Estimate your retirement needs. Consider inflation and rising healthcare costs.

Invest in diverse portfolios. This reduces risk and enhances returns over time.

Review your retirement plan regularly. Ensure it aligns with your goals and market conditions.

Budgeting and Managing Expenses
Budgeting helps control expenses and increase savings. Create a realistic budget and stick to it.

Track your spending. Identify areas where you can cut costs.

Set financial goals. This motivates you to save and invest regularly.

Tax Planning
Tax planning reduces your tax burden and increases savings. Understand the tax benefits of various investments.

Invest in tax-saving instruments. This includes specific mutual funds and retirement plans.

Consult a certified financial planner. They can provide personalized tax-saving strategies.

Building a Diversified Investment Portfolio
A diversified portfolio reduces risk and improves returns. Invest in different asset classes.

Consider equity mutual funds. They offer high returns over the long term.

Include debt funds. They provide stability and regular income.

Avoid real estate investments. They are illiquid and have high transaction costs.

Regular Review and Adjustments
Financial planning is an ongoing process. Regularly review and adjust your plan.

Monitor your investments. Ensure they are performing as expected.

Rebalance your portfolio. This maintains your desired risk level.

Stay informed about market trends. This helps in making informed decisions.

Final Insights
Financial planning for your children requires careful consideration and regular reviews. Start early and stay disciplined.

Focus on building an emergency fund, planning for special needs, and ensuring proper insurance coverage.

Invest in education plans and retirement funds. Regularly review and adjust your financial plan.

Consult a certified financial planner. They provide professional guidance and personalized advice.

Your dedication to your children's future is commendable. With proper planning, you can ensure their financial security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 10, 2024Hindi
I am 40 years old lady working on private firm. I have salary 1.5 lacs(excluding tax) per month and monthly expenditure is 50k. I have my property rented out and per month income is 30k. Loan is nil. I have not done any investment till now except FD around 35Lacs and PF. It might be already late to start now but Can you guide me for investment options considering 5 more years of my job.
Ans: You earn Rs 1.5 lakhs per month from your job and Rs 30,000 from your rental property. Your total monthly income is Rs 1.8 lakhs. With a monthly expenditure of Rs 50,000, you have a surplus of Rs 1.3 lakhs each month. This is a healthy surplus that can be strategically invested.

Existing Investments
You have Rs 35 lakhs in a fixed deposit and provident fund contributions. Fixed deposits are safe but offer lower returns. Diversifying your investments can yield better results.

Financial Goals
It's important to define your financial goals. Given you have five more years of work, your primary goals might include building a retirement corpus, creating an emergency fund, and perhaps saving for other personal aspirations.

Investment Options
Now, let's explore suitable investment options. We'll focus on those that offer a balance between safety, growth, and liquidity.

Mutual Funds
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Mutual funds are a versatile investment option. Actively managed funds are managed by professional fund managers who aim to outperform the market. These funds offer potential for higher returns compared to passive funds like index funds.

Types of Mutual Funds
Equity Mutual Funds: These funds invest in stocks. They have the potential for high returns but come with higher risk. Given your five-year horizon, a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds could be beneficial.
Debt Mutual Funds: These funds invest in fixed-income securities. They are less risky than equity funds and provide regular income. Consider short-term or ultra-short-term debt funds for liquidity and stability.
Hybrid Mutual Funds: These funds invest in both equity and debt instruments. They offer a balance of risk and return. Conservative hybrid funds can be a good option for stability and growth.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a disciplined way to invest in mutual funds. It allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly. SIPs average out market volatility and help in building a corpus over time. Given your surplus of Rs 1.3 lakhs, you can allocate a portion to SIPs.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a government-backed scheme with attractive interest rates and tax benefits. It's a long-term investment with a lock-in period of 15 years. However, partial withdrawals are allowed after five years. PPF is a safe option for building a retirement corpus.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a retirement-focused investment. It offers tax benefits and helps build a substantial corpus for retirement. NPS invests in a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities, providing a balanced risk-return profile.

Investing in gold is a traditional and safe option. It acts as a hedge against inflation and currency fluctuations. You can invest in gold ETFs or sovereign gold bonds instead of physical gold for better liquidity and safety.

Diversified Equity Funds
These funds invest across various sectors and market capitalizations. They provide diversification and reduce risk compared to sector-specific funds. Given your five-year horizon, diversified equity funds can offer substantial growth potential.

Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is essential for financial security. It should cover 6-12 months of living expenses. With your monthly expenditure of Rs 50,000, aim for an emergency fund of Rs 3-6 lakhs. Keep this fund in a liquid or ultra-short-term debt fund for easy access.

Tax Planning
Tax planning is crucial to maximize your returns. Utilize tax-saving instruments under Section 80C and Section 80D.

Section 80C
ELSS Funds: Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) offer tax benefits and have a lock-in period of three years. They invest in equities and provide potential for high returns.
PPF: Contributions to PPF are tax-deductible and the interest earned is tax-free.
Section 80D
Invest in health insurance for yourself and your family. Premiums paid are eligible for tax deductions. Health insurance safeguards against unexpected medical expenses.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Rebalancing involves adjusting your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation. This helps manage risk and optimize returns.

Annual Review
Conduct an annual review of your investments. Assess performance, evaluate fund managers, and make necessary adjustments. This ensures your investments stay on track.

Rebalancing Strategy
Rebalancing is essential to maintain your risk tolerance. If equities outperform, their proportion in your portfolio increases. Sell some equities and invest in debt to restore balance. This strategy helps manage market volatility.

Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Emotional Investing
Avoid making investment decisions based on emotions. Market volatility can trigger fear and greed. Stick to your investment plan and make decisions based on logic and analysis.

Chasing Returns
Don't chase high returns by investing in high-risk assets without understanding them. Balanced and well-researched investments yield better long-term results.

Ignoring Inflation
Inflation erodes the purchasing power of money. Ensure your investments grow faster than inflation. Equity investments typically outperform inflation over the long term.

Lack of Diversification
Diversification reduces risk. Don't put all your money in one type of investment. Spread it across various asset classes to balance risk and return.

Benefits of Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized advice. They help align your investments with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Their expertise ensures a comprehensive financial plan.

Comprehensive Financial Planning
A CFP offers holistic financial planning. They consider all aspects of your financial life, including investments, insurance, tax planning, and retirement planning.

Tailored Investment Strategy
CFPs tailor investment strategies to your unique needs. They help choose suitable funds, allocate assets, and plan for future financial goals.

Monitoring and Adjusting
CFPs monitor your investments and suggest adjustments as needed. They ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your goals and market conditions.

Final Insights
Starting your investment journey at 40 is not too late. With a strategic plan, you can build a secure financial future. Focus on a mix of equity and debt investments, utilize tax-saving options, and maintain an emergency fund. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio to stay on track. Seek professional guidance for tailored advice and comprehensive financial planning. By taking these steps, you can achieve financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Samraat Jadhav  |1857 Answers  |Ask -

Stock Market Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4751 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 10, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, My take home salary is 1.5 lakhs per month. I have just started investing in MF with 50k SIP. Now 2 months completed. And I have 7 lakhs in PF. And LIC policy of around 30 lakhs. Could you please guide me with other investment options for another 10 years.
Ans: Congratulations on starting your investment journey. Your current monthly take-home salary is Rs 1.5 lakhs, and you have begun investing Rs 50,000 in mutual funds through a SIP. This disciplined approach to investing is commendable and sets a solid foundation for your future financial goals. Additionally, you have Rs 7 lakhs in your Provident Fund (PF) and an LIC policy with a cover of around Rs 30 lakhs.

First, let's evaluate your existing investments and then explore additional investment options suitable for your 10-year horizon.

Evaluating Your Mutual Fund Investment

Investing Rs 50,000 in mutual funds via a SIP is a great strategy. SIPs help in rupee cost averaging and instil a habit of regular investing. However, choosing the right mutual funds is crucial. It's important to select funds that align with your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial goals.

You may want to avoid direct funds due to the complexity involved in managing and selecting them without professional advice. Direct funds can sometimes lead to suboptimal returns if not monitored closely. Instead, regular funds managed by Certified Financial Planners (CFPs) can offer better guidance and tailored strategies, ensuring your investments are well-aligned with your goals.

Provident Fund: A Secure Foundation

Your Rs 7 lakhs in PF provides a secure and low-risk investment. The PF offers decent returns and tax benefits, making it a good long-term investment. Continue contributing to your PF as it forms a vital part of your retirement corpus.

LIC Policy: Assessing Its Value

Your LIC policy with a cover of Rs 30 lakhs provides life insurance protection. However, traditional LIC policies often combine insurance and investment, which might not always yield the best returns compared to other investment options. If the policy has been running for a significant time and you are satisfied with the returns and coverage, you may continue it. Otherwise, consider surrendering the policy and reinvesting the amount in mutual funds, which can potentially offer higher returns.

Exploring Additional Investment Options

With a 10-year investment horizon, you have several options to diversify and grow your portfolio. Here are some suggestions:

1. Actively Managed Mutual Funds

Actively managed mutual funds can potentially outperform index funds due to professional management. Fund managers actively select stocks, aiming to beat the market average. This approach, coupled with regular reviews by a CFP, can help you achieve better returns.

2. Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in Equity Funds

Equity mutual funds are ideal for long-term wealth creation. They invest in stocks and have the potential to offer higher returns over a 10-year period. Opt for a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds to balance risk and return. A CFP can help you choose the right funds based on your risk profile and financial goals.

3. Balanced or Hybrid Funds

These funds invest in a mix of equity and debt, providing a balance between risk and return. They are suitable for investors with a moderate risk appetite and a long-term horizon. Balanced funds can offer stability during market volatility while still providing growth potential.

4. Debt Mutual Funds

While equity funds are essential for growth, debt funds add stability to your portfolio. Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities like bonds, offering lower but stable returns. They are less risky compared to equity funds and can help in portfolio diversification.

5. Gold as an Investment

Gold has always been a popular investment in India. It acts as a hedge against inflation and currency fluctuations. You can invest in gold through Gold ETFs, sovereign gold bonds, or gold mutual funds. These options offer liquidity and ease of transaction compared to physical gold.

6. National Pension System (NPS)

The NPS is a government-backed retirement savings scheme. It offers tax benefits and a mix of equity, debt, and government securities. The NPS is a good option for long-term retirement planning, providing a steady income post-retirement.

7. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

The PPF is another secure long-term investment option. It offers attractive interest rates, tax benefits, and a 15-year maturity period. You can extend the investment in blocks of five years after maturity. The PPF is a low-risk investment, ideal for stable and tax-efficient returns.

8. Recurring Deposits (RDs)

If you prefer safe and predictable returns, consider recurring deposits. They allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly and earn interest. RDs are less volatile and offer guaranteed returns, making them suitable for conservative investors.

9. Diversifying with International Funds

Investing in international funds can provide exposure to global markets. These funds invest in companies outside India, offering diversification and potential growth. They can mitigate risks associated with investing solely in the Indian market.

Importance of Emergency Fund

Before diving into additional investments, ensure you have an emergency fund. This fund should cover at least six months of your living expenses. It acts as a financial cushion in case of unexpected events like job loss or medical emergencies. Keep this fund in a liquid and safe investment like a savings account or a liquid mutual fund.

Reviewing and Rebalancing Your Portfolio

Investing is not a one-time activity. Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio is essential to stay aligned with your financial goals. Market conditions, personal circumstances, and financial objectives change over time. A CFP can assist in periodically reviewing your investments and making necessary adjustments to ensure optimal performance.

Tax Planning and Efficiency

Efficient tax planning can enhance your overall returns. Utilize tax-saving instruments like ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme) mutual funds, PPF, and NPS to save on taxes. These investments offer tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Proper tax planning ensures that you maximize your post-tax returns.

Estate Planning

While focusing on investments, don't overlook estate planning. Having a clear and legally sound estate plan ensures your assets are distributed according to your wishes. It also minimizes potential legal disputes among heirs. Consider creating a will and exploring options like trusts for smooth estate transfer.

Insurance: A Necessary Safeguard

Adequate insurance coverage is vital for financial security. Ensure you have sufficient health insurance to cover medical expenses. Life insurance is crucial if you have dependents, ensuring their financial stability in your absence. Term insurance policies offer substantial coverage at lower premiums compared to traditional policies.

Financial Goals and Time Horizons

Identifying your financial goals and their respective time horizons is crucial. Goals can include buying a house, children's education, retirement planning, or a vacation. Align your investments with these goals, considering the time required to achieve them. Short-term goals may require safer investments, while long-term goals can leverage high-growth options like equity funds.

Risk Management

Understanding and managing risk is integral to successful investing. Different investments carry varying levels of risk. Equity funds are riskier but offer higher returns, while debt funds are safer with moderate returns. Diversification across asset classes helps manage risk and smoothens returns over time.

Seeking Professional Guidance

Navigating the complexities of investment requires knowledge and expertise. A CFP can provide valuable insights and tailor investment strategies to your unique financial situation. Their professional guidance ensures your investments are well-structured and aligned with your goals.


Investing wisely involves understanding your financial position, risk tolerance, and goals. Diversifying your portfolio across various asset classes, regularly reviewing your investments, and seeking professional advice are key to achieving your financial objectives. With a disciplined approach and the right guidance, you can build a robust and rewarding investment portfolio over the next 10 years.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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