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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 15, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 15, 2024Hindi

Hello, I am Avinash 40 year old IT professional and wishes to retire in next 5-10 years. I do have 38 lakh MF investments, I stay in own house on bangalore. I do not have any liabilities. I have 45 lakh worth EPS and 20 lakh worth PPF. Invested in NPS both tier 1 and 2 for 5 lakh each. I do have SGB worth 6 lakh. But I do have 50 lakh amount invested in FD. I want to invest some amount to invest to other asset class may be equity. I want to retire with corpus of 4 cr and my monthly expenditure in 50k. Pls guide.

Ans: Dear Avinash,

Thank you for reaching out and sharing your financial details and retirement goals. It’s impressive that you have planned your finances well and have a clear vision for your future. Let’s analyze your current situation and chart a strategic path towards achieving your retirement corpus of Rs 4 crore, while also ensuring a smooth retirement with monthly expenses of Rs 50,000.

Understanding Your Current Financial Landscape
You have diversified your investments across various asset classes, which is commendable. Let's break down your current financial standing:

Mutual Funds: Rs 38 lakh
EPS: Rs 45 lakh
PPF: Rs 20 lakh
NPS: Rs 10 lakh (5 lakh each in Tier 1 and 2)
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB): Rs 6 lakh
Fixed Deposits (FDs): Rs 50 lakh
Your total current investments amount to Rs 169 lakh (1.69 crore). You have no liabilities, which is a strong position to be in.

Evaluating Your Investment Portfolio
Mutual Funds
Your Rs 38 lakh investment in mutual funds is a solid foundation. Given your retirement timeline of 5-10 years, it’s crucial to ensure your mutual funds are aligned with your risk tolerance and retirement goals. Active management of these funds can offer potential benefits over index funds. Actively managed funds, run by experienced fund managers, can adapt to market conditions and potentially outperform benchmarks. This flexibility can be advantageous in achieving higher returns, essential for meeting your retirement target.

Your EPS of Rs 45 lakh and PPF of Rs 20 lakh are stable, low-risk investments providing security and tax benefits. However, they may not offer the high returns needed to reach your Rs 4 crore goal. The PPF, with its assured returns and tax benefits, should continue to be part of your portfolio, but relying solely on these for growth could be limiting.

The NPS is another excellent retirement tool, offering a mix of equity and debt exposure. Given your contributions, it’s vital to ensure that the asset allocation within your NPS is optimal. Typically, the equity portion of NPS can offer higher returns compared to its debt counterpart, but it's essential to balance it according to your risk tolerance.

Sovereign Gold Bonds
Your Rs 6 lakh investment in SGBs is a good hedge against inflation and market volatility. However, gold typically offers moderate returns compared to equities and should be a part of a diversified portfolio rather than a core growth driver.

Fixed Deposits
You have Rs 50 lakh in fixed deposits, which are safe but offer lower returns compared to other investment avenues like equities or actively managed mutual funds. To achieve your retirement goal, it might be beneficial to redirect a portion of these funds into higher-yielding investments.

Strategic Recommendations for Achieving Rs 4 Crore
Diversify into Equity Mutual Funds
Given your Rs 50 lakh in FDs, consider reallocating a significant portion to equity mutual funds. Equity mutual funds, especially actively managed ones, have the potential to provide higher returns over the long term. While FDs offer safety, the low returns may not suffice to reach your Rs 4 crore target. Actively managed equity mutual funds, with professional fund managers, can navigate market complexities better and aim for higher growth.

Optimize Your NPS Allocation
Review and possibly adjust your NPS Tier 1 and Tier 2 allocations to ensure a higher equity component. This can enhance the growth potential of your NPS contributions. Given the tax benefits and long-term growth prospects of NPS, a higher equity allocation can significantly impact your retirement corpus positively.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Periodic review and rebalancing of your portfolio are essential. Market conditions change, and so should your investment strategy. By regularly assessing your portfolio, you can ensure it remains aligned with your goals and risk tolerance. This proactive approach can help in mitigating risks and capitalizing on growth opportunities.

Consider Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in equity mutual funds can be an excellent way to enter the market gradually, reducing the impact of market volatility. With Rs 50 lakh in FDs, you can systematically transfer a portion into SIPs. This disciplined approach can harness the power of compounding and rupee cost averaging, enhancing your portfolio’s growth potential.

Emergency Fund Allocation
Ensure that a part of your FDs or a separate liquid fund acts as an emergency fund. This fund should cover at least 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. Having a robust emergency fund ensures that you do not have to dip into your retirement corpus for unexpected expenses, maintaining the integrity of your long-term financial plans.

Addressing Potential Concerns and Misconceptions
Disadvantages of Index Funds
While index funds are often lauded for their low costs and simplicity, they lack the flexibility of actively managed funds. Index funds are designed to match market returns, not exceed them. In a volatile market, actively managed funds have the advantage of making strategic moves to potentially outperform the index. Therefore, in your case, actively managed equity funds might be a better choice to achieve your ambitious retirement goal.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct mutual funds, while having lower expense ratios, require a good understanding of the market and regular monitoring. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide professional expertise and guidance. A CFP can help in selecting the right funds, regular monitoring, and making necessary adjustments based on market conditions and your changing financial goals. The added value of professional advice often outweighs the cost difference between direct and regular funds.

Ensuring a Comfortable Retirement
Monthly Withdrawal Strategy
Post-retirement, it’s crucial to have a systematic withdrawal strategy to manage your Rs 50,000 monthly expenses without depleting your corpus prematurely. An SWP (Systematic Withdrawal Plan) in mutual funds can provide a regular income stream while keeping your corpus invested and growing. This strategy can ensure a steady cash flow while your investments continue to appreciate.

Inflation and Tax Considerations
Your retirement plan should factor in inflation and taxes. The Rs 50,000 monthly expense today will increase over time due to inflation. Therefore, your investments should grow at a rate higher than inflation. Additionally, tax-efficient investment strategies can help in maximizing your returns. For instance, long-term capital gains on equity mutual funds are taxed favorably compared to interest income from FDs.

Healthcare and Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage. Medical expenses can significantly impact your retirement corpus. A comprehensive health insurance policy can safeguard your investments. Additionally, if you hold any investment-cum-insurance policies like LIC or ULIPs, consider surrendering them and reinvesting the proceeds into mutual funds. These policies often offer lower returns and higher costs compared to pure investment options.

Final Insights
Achieving your goal of a Rs 4 crore retirement corpus is ambitious yet achievable with strategic planning and disciplined investing. By diversifying your portfolio into actively managed equity mutual funds, optimizing your NPS allocation, and systematically transferring funds from low-yield FDs, you can enhance your portfolio's growth potential. Regular reviews and professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner can further align your investments with your retirement goals.

Remember, retirement planning is not just about accumulating a corpus but also ensuring a steady, inflation-adjusted income post-retirement. By following a strategic approach and making informed decisions, you can look forward to a comfortable and financially secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

Asked on - Jun 19, 2024 | Answered on Jun 19, 2024
Thank you so much sir for your inputs. I have been reviewing my mf portfolio and have combination of index and active MF. But Can you guide me how to do bulk investing from FD to MF. I always fear to do this since markets are all time high. Pls help me to achieve this.
Ans: Transitioning from fixed deposits (FD) to mutual funds (MF) can be daunting, especially when markets are at an all-time high. Here’s how to approach it:

First, consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) or Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD). They can provide personalized advice based on your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Bulk investing can be done through Systematic Transfer Plans (STPs). This allows you to transfer a fixed amount from your FD to your chosen mutual funds gradually, reducing the risk of entering the market at a peak.

Psychologically, market highs often induce fear, but history shows that markets tend to rise over the long term. Staying invested and focusing on long-term goals rather than short-term fluctuations is key. Diversifying your portfolio across various asset classes and funds can also mitigate risks.

Embrace the concept of rupee cost averaging with STPs, as it helps smooth out market volatility. Remember, successful investing requires patience, discipline, and a long-term perspective.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 09, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 11, 2024Hindi
Hi Vivek, We are 43 y/o couple without kids, and plan to retire by 55. I want to aggressively invest for our retirement. I earn 4.5L p/m and our expenses are 75K. We have 9L in shares, 10L in Gold Bonds, 20L in corporate FDs, 40L in EPF, a paidup house and 10L in NPS. We have 1.2Cr in bank account earning 7% interest. Can you help us invest better, we can aggressively invest aroud 2L, which MF should we further invest in to comfortably retire?
Ans: Hi Vivek,
It's fantastic to see your proactive approach to retirement planning. With a clear goal of retiring by 55 and a solid financial foundation, you're well-positioned to achieve your aspirations. Let's explore how we can optimize your investments to support your retirement plans:
1. Assessing Your Current Portfolio: You've built a diverse portfolio with investments in shares, gold bonds, corporate FDs, EPF, NPS, and bank deposits. This demonstrates a prudent approach to wealth accumulation and risk management.
2. Identifying Investment Opportunities: Given your goal of aggressive investing, we can consider allocating a portion of your investable surplus to equity mutual funds. Equity funds have the potential for higher returns over the long term, although they come with higher volatility.
3. Choosing Suitable Mutual Funds: When selecting mutual funds, it's essential to consider factors such as your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial goals. We can explore options across different categories like large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds to diversify your portfolio effectively.
4. Setting Realistic Expectations: While investing aggressively can potentially accelerate wealth accumulation, it's crucial to remain mindful of market risks and volatility. A disciplined approach to investing and periodic portfolio reviews are key to staying on track towards your retirement goals.
5. Monitoring and Reviewing: Regularly monitor the performance of your investments and reassess your financial plan as needed. Adjustments may be necessary based on changes in market conditions, economic outlook, or personal circumstances.
Remember, achieving financial independence requires patience, discipline, and a long-term perspective. By working together to craft a tailored investment strategy, we can help you navigate towards a comfortable retirement.
Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 25, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, I am 40 years old and working in IT company. My intake monthly salary is 1.10 lakh. I have 6L in PF, 2L in PPF, 4L in stocks, 3.5L in emergency fund inFD and 2.5L in cash. And I have 3L in MF with month sip in 4-4K in HDFC nifty 50 Index fund and HDFC multicap fund and 10k monthly in LIC. I have only 1 child 10 years old and I want to retire with 3-4 crore for my future expenses and for my child education and other things. I can now invest 60k monthly so plz guide me how can I achieve.
Ans: Your goal of accumulating Rs 3-4 crore for future expenses and your child’s education is both achievable and admirable. Given your current savings and investment profile, let’s explore how you can strategically allocate your resources to reach your financial targets.

Assessment of Your Current Financial Position
You have a well-diversified portfolio, which includes provident fund (PF), public provident fund (PPF), stocks, emergency funds in fixed deposits (FD), mutual funds (MF), and life insurance (LIC). Your monthly salary is Rs 1.10 lakh, and you are able to invest Rs 60,000 monthly. Here’s a summary of your current assets:

Provident Fund (PF): Rs 6 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 2 lakh
Stocks: Rs 4 lakh
Emergency Fund in FD: Rs 3.5 lakh
Cash: Rs 2.5 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs 3 lakh (with SIPs of Rs 4,000 each in HDFC Nifty 50 Index Fund and HDFC Multicap Fund)
LIC: Rs 10,000 monthly
Evaluating Your Investment Options
Mutual Funds: Actively Managed Funds
You already have investments in index funds and multicap funds. However, actively managed funds could offer better returns due to professional management and active stock selection.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:

Professional Management: Experts manage your investments, making strategic decisions to maximize returns.

Potential for Higher Returns: Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.

Flexibility: Fund managers can quickly adapt to market changes.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Market-Linked Returns: Index funds merely replicate the market, lacking potential for higher returns.

No Active Management: Index funds don’t benefit from professional stock selection.

Given these points, consider allocating more to actively managed funds for potentially higher growth.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a disciplined approach to investing. It helps in averaging out the cost of investment and reduces the impact of market volatility.

Advantages of SIP:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Reduces the impact of market volatility by averaging out the purchase cost.

Discipline: Ensures regular investment without worrying about market timing.

Compounding: Long-term SIPs benefit from the power of compounding.

You are already investing through SIPs, which is excellent. Increasing your SIP amounts can further accelerate your wealth creation.

Fixed Deposits (FD) for Emergency Fund
Your emergency fund in FD is well-placed for safety and liquidity.

Advantages of FD:

Safety: FDs are considered very safe.

Guaranteed Returns: FDs offer fixed and guaranteed interest rates.

Disadvantages of FD:

Lower Returns: FD returns are generally lower compared to mutual funds.

Inflation Risk: Returns may not keep up with inflation.

Ensure your emergency fund remains adequate but consider other investment avenues for higher returns on excess funds.

Your investment in stocks shows a higher risk tolerance, which is beneficial for growth.

Advantages of Stocks:

High Returns: Stocks have the potential for high returns over the long term.

Ownership: Provides ownership in companies and benefits from their growth.

Disadvantages of Stocks:

Volatility: Stocks can be highly volatile and risky.

Time-Consuming: Requires constant monitoring and market knowledge.

Continue investing in stocks but balance this with safer options for risk management.

Strategic Allocation to Achieve Your Goal
To accumulate Rs 3-4 crore, you need a balanced approach that maximizes growth while managing risks.

Step 1: Increase SIP in Actively Managed Mutual Funds
Shift Focus: Allocate more funds to actively managed equity mutual funds instead of index funds.

Diversify: Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds for diversification.

Step 2: Maintain Adequate Emergency Fund
FD for Safety: Keep 6-12 months’ expenses in FD for emergency needs.

Liquid Funds: Consider liquid mutual funds for better returns with liquidity.

Step 3: Continue Investing in Stocks
Balanced Portfolio: Maintain a balanced portfolio of blue-chip and growth stocks.

Regular Review: Periodically review and rebalance your stock portfolio.

Step 4: Utilize PPF and PF Wisely
PPF Contributions: Continue contributing to PPF for tax benefits and safe returns.

PF Growth: Let your PF grow, benefiting from compounded returns.

Step 5: LIC and Insurance Planning
Review Policies: Ensure your LIC policy aligns with your financial goals.

Adequate Coverage: Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage for your family’s security.
Insurance-cum-investment schemes
Insurance-cum-investment schemes (ULIPs, endowment plans) offer a one-stop solution for insurance and investment needs. However, they might not be the best choice for pure investment due to:
• Lower Potential Returns: Guaranteed returns are usually lower than what MFs can offer through market exposure.
• Higher Costs: Multiple fees in insurance plans (allocation charges, admin fees) can reduce returns compared to the expense ratio of MFs.
• Limited Flexibility: Lock-in periods restrict access to your money, whereas MFs provide more flexibility.
MFs, on the other hand, focus solely on investment and offer:
• Potentially Higher Returns: Investments in stocks and bonds can lead to higher growth compared to guaranteed returns.
• Lower Costs: Expense ratios in MFs are generally lower than the multiple fees in insurance plans.
• Greater Control: You have a wider range of investment options and control over asset allocation to suit your risk appetite.
Consider your goals!
• Need life insurance? Term Insurance plans might be suitable.
• Focus on growing wealth? MFs might be a better option due to their flexibility and return potential.

Planning for Child’s Education and Retirement
Your child’s education and your retirement are your primary goals. Here’s a strategy to address both.

Child’s Education
Education Fund: Start a dedicated fund for your child’s education with equity mutual funds for growth.

Systematic Transfers: As your child approaches college age, systematically transfer funds to safer investments.

Retirement Planning
Retirement Corpus: Focus on building a retirement corpus through a mix of equity and debt mutual funds.

Regular Review: Review your retirement plan annually and adjust contributions as needed.

Estimating Future Value
While specific calculations are beyond this scope, a financial calculator or a Certified Financial Planner can help estimate the future value of your investments. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your strategy is essential to stay on track.

Final Thoughts and Recommendations
Your current financial discipline is commendable. To achieve your goal of Rs 3-4 crore, continue your SIPs, focus on actively managed funds, and maintain a diversified portfolio. Balance risk and safety through strategic asset allocation.

Thank you for seeking my guidance. Your proactive approach to securing your financial future and your child’s education is admirable. Feel free to reach out for further personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 02, 2024

I am 38 year old married 1 kid, i dont have any loans. I have 1 cr invested in equity 1 cr is mutual fund. 25 lac in pf and 15 lac in nps and 15 lac in gold. 13 lac in land. I do have individual house. I am earning 2.5 lac per month investing around 1 lac in mutual fund sip. I want to retire comfortably in 3 to 5 years. Can you assist
Ans: Planning for early retirement is an ambitious and commendable goal. Your current financial position indicates a strong foundation. Let's delve into a comprehensive strategy to ensure you achieve a comfortable retirement in the next 3 to 5 years.

Compliments on Your Financial Discipline

Your commitment to saving and investing Rs. 1 lakh per month in mutual funds demonstrates excellent financial discipline. This approach has built a solid foundation for your future.

Understanding Your Current Portfolio

You have diversified your investments well across various asset classes:

Rs. 1 crore in equity
Rs. 1 crore in mutual funds
Rs. 25 lakh in PF
Rs. 15 lakh in NPS
Rs. 15 lakh in gold
Rs. 13 lakh in land
Own individual house
These investments indicate a well-rounded portfolio aimed at growth and stability.

Goals and Timeline

Your goal is to retire comfortably within 3 to 5 years. This requires a strategic approach to ensure your investments can generate sufficient income to sustain your lifestyle post-retirement.

Evaluating Your Investment Strategy

1. Equity Investments

Equities offer high growth potential, making them ideal for wealth accumulation. However, they also come with higher risks. As you approach retirement, it’s crucial to balance the equity portion of your portfolio to mitigate risks.

2. Mutual Funds

Your monthly SIP of Rs. 1 lakh in mutual funds is a wise decision. Diversify your mutual fund investments across different types of funds to achieve a balance between growth and stability.

3. Provident Fund (PF) and National Pension System (NPS)

PF and NPS provide a secure and steady return, ideal for retirement planning. These funds should remain a core part of your retirement corpus due to their stability and tax benefits.

4. Gold Investments

Gold acts as a hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty. While it’s not a high-growth asset, it provides stability. Maintain your current allocation to gold.

5. Land Investment

Real estate can be a good long-term investment, but it has drawbacks like illiquidity, no easy entry and exit, and partial withdrawal challenges. Consider this investment as a non-liquid part of your portfolio.

6. Emergency Fund

Ensure you have an emergency fund covering at least 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be in a highly liquid form like a savings account or liquid mutual funds.

Investment Strategy for the Next 3 to 5 Years

1. Portfolio Rebalancing

As you approach retirement, gradually reduce your exposure to high-risk assets like equities. Increase your allocation to safer assets like debt mutual funds and fixed income instruments.

2. Debt Mutual Funds

Investing in debt mutual funds can provide stability and regular income. These funds invest in bonds and fixed-income securities, offering lower risk compared to equities.

3. Hybrid Funds

Hybrid funds can be a balanced choice, offering both growth and stability by investing in a mix of equities and debt. These funds can provide moderate returns with reduced risk.

4. Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)

As you near retirement, consider setting up a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from your mutual funds. SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly, ensuring a steady income post-retirement.

5. Retirement Corpus Estimation

Estimate your retirement corpus by calculating your expected expenses post-retirement. Factor in inflation and any additional expenses like healthcare and leisure. This will help you determine if your current investments are sufficient or if you need to adjust your savings rate.

6. Tax Planning

Ensure you utilize tax-saving instruments to minimize your tax liability. Investments in tax-saving mutual funds (ELSS), PPF, and NPS can provide significant tax benefits under Section 80C.

7. Life and Health Insurance

Adequate life and health insurance are crucial to protect your family’s financial future. Ensure you have a comprehensive health insurance policy and a sufficient life cover through term insurance.

8. Estate Planning

Plan for the distribution of your assets to ensure your family’s financial security. Creating a will and considering setting up trusts can help in managing and protecting your wealth.

Analyzing Your Risk Tolerance

Given your goal to retire in 3 to 5 years, it’s essential to reassess your risk tolerance. While you have a substantial investment in equities, shifting towards safer assets can protect your portfolio from market volatility.

Advantages and Risks of Mutual Funds


Professional Management: Fund managers use their expertise to make informed investment decisions.
Diversification: Mutual funds spread your investment across various securities, reducing risk.
Liquidity: Mutual funds are easily tradable, providing flexibility.
Tax Efficiency: Certain mutual funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C.
Power of Compounding: Reinvesting returns can significantly grow your wealth over time.

Market Risk: Equity funds are subject to market fluctuations.
Credit Risk: Debt funds carry the risk of default by issuers.
Interest Rate Risk: Changes in interest rates can affect the performance of debt funds.
Liquidity Risk: Some mutual funds might face liquidity issues during market downturns.
Power of Compounding

The power of compounding can significantly enhance your returns over time. By reinvesting your earnings, you earn returns on both your initial investment and the accumulated returns. This exponential growth can help you achieve your retirement goals.

Final Insights

To retire comfortably in 3 to 5 years, a well-planned investment strategy is crucial. Here’s a summary of the key steps you should take:

Rebalance Your Portfolio: Gradually shift from high-risk equities to safer debt funds.
Diversify: Invest across various asset classes to balance risk and returns.
Utilize SWP: Set up a Systematic Withdrawal Plan for steady post-retirement income.
Maintain an Emergency Fund: Ensure you have funds for unexpected expenses.
Tax Planning: Maximize tax benefits through strategic investments.
Insurance: Ensure adequate life and health insurance coverage.
Estate Planning: Plan the distribution of your assets for your family’s security.
By following these steps and regularly reviewing your financial plan with a Certified Financial Planner, you can achieve your retirement goals and secure a comfortable future. Your disciplined approach and proactive decision-making will help you build a strong financial foundation.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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