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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 07, 2024Hindi

hello sir, I am 53 yrs,working in private sector soon to be redundant,(in a year)I have my own house in a appartment my savings are 50 L in FD,s 30 L in Mutual fund ,10L in equity shares.LIC of 10L .3L in as emergency fund,my liabilities are children's education (son in class 10 daughter in class 8. no health insurance(presently company provided)spouse is a housewife please advise me for financial planning including for retirement planning.

Ans: Comprehensive Financial Plan for Redundancy and Retirement
Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You are 53 years old, working in the private sector, and facing redundancy in a year. You own a house in an apartment and have Rs 50 lakh in fixed deposits, Rs 30 lakh in mutual funds, Rs 10 lakh in equity shares, and Rs 10 lakh in LIC. Additionally, you have Rs 3 lakh as an emergency fund. Your spouse is a housewife, and you have two children in school. You currently lack personal health insurance, relying on company-provided coverage.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Immediate Goals
Redundancy Preparation: Ensure a smooth financial transition after redundancy.
Health Insurance: Secure comprehensive health insurance for your family.
Short-term Goals
Children's Education: Allocate funds for your children's ongoing and future education needs.
Emergency Fund: Strengthen your emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses.
Long-term Goals
Retirement Planning: Create a sustainable retirement plan to maintain your lifestyle.
Wealth Preservation and Growth: Ensure your investments continue to grow while preserving capital.
Analyzing Your Current Assets
Fixed Deposits
You have Rs 50 lakh in fixed deposits. While FDs offer safety, their returns may not beat inflation in the long term. Consider rebalancing a portion for higher returns.

Mutual Funds
Your mutual fund portfolio is Rs 30 lakh. Mutual funds are good for long-term growth due to their compounding benefits. Review the performance and diversify if necessary.

Equity Shares
Your equity shares amount to Rs 10 lakh. Equities can provide high returns but come with higher risks. Balance them with safer investments to reduce risk.

LIC Policy
You have an LIC policy with a maturity amount of Rs 10 lakh. Review the policy benefits and consider if it meets your insurance needs.

Emergency Fund
Your emergency fund stands at Rs 3 lakh. Aim to increase this to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses for financial security.

Securing Health Insurance
Comprehensive Health Coverage
With redundancy approaching, securing health insurance is crucial. Opt for a comprehensive family floater plan with a high sum insured to cover medical emergencies.

Preparing for Redundancy
Income Replacement Strategies
Exploring New Opportunities: Start exploring new job opportunities or freelance work to replace your income.
Utilizing Skills and Experience: Leverage your experience for consulting or part-time roles in your industry.
Managing Children's Education Expenses
Creating an Education Fund
Education SIPs: Start a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in child-specific mutual funds to grow a dedicated education fund.
PPF and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: Consider PPF for your son's education and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for your daughter, offering tax benefits and secure returns.
Strengthening Your Emergency Fund
Building a Robust Safety Net
Increase your emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of living expenses. Use liquid mutual funds or high-yield savings accounts for easy access.

Retirement Planning
Calculating Retirement Corpus
Estimate your post-retirement expenses considering inflation and lifestyle needs. Use retirement calculators to determine the required corpus. For example, if you need Rs 50,000 per month today, with 6% inflation, you’ll need a higher amount in 10 years.

Diversifying Investments
Equity Mutual Funds: Allocate a portion of your savings to equity mutual funds for higher growth potential.
Debt Mutual Funds: Invest in debt funds for stable returns and reduced risk.
Hybrid Funds: Combine equity and debt for balanced growth.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan
Creating a Withdrawal Strategy
Plan a systematic withdrawal strategy from your investments to ensure regular income post-retirement. Consider the 4% rule for sustainable withdrawals.

Tax-efficient Investments
Maximizing Tax Benefits
ELSS Funds: Invest in Equity Linked Savings Scheme for tax-saving benefits under Section 80C.
NPS Contributions: Consider the National Pension System for additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD.
Reviewing and Adjusting Insurance Coverage
Adequate Life Insurance
Ensure your life insurance cover is sufficient to meet your family’s needs in your absence. Term insurance offers high coverage at low premiums. Review your existing LIC policy and consider additional term insurance if necessary.

Diversified Investment Portfolio
Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly monitor your investment portfolio and rebalance to align with your financial goals. Adjust asset allocation based on market conditions and personal circumstances.

Professional Guidance
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Engage a Certified Financial Planner to create a detailed, personalized financial plan. A CFP provides professional insights and strategies tailored to your financial situation and goals.

Final Insights
Securing your financial future involves strategic planning and disciplined investing. Address immediate needs, such as health insurance and redundancy preparation, while building a robust retirement corpus. Regularly review and adjust your investments for optimal growth and risk management. With careful planning, you can achieve financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 01, 2024

Good day Mr Ramalingam, I am 43 years in govt service PGrade 12A and scheduled to retire in 2036. I have a pensionable service. I have 2 children- son is 14 years who want to join Merchant Navy or study law after 10 + 2. My daughter is 9 yrs and has 65% disabilities. I own a house worth 50 L for which i have a HBL till 2032 and pay 30000 EMI. I have MF of 9 L and invest 15k monthly. I get a monthly rent of 16 k from my house. I have no rental outflow as i stay in govt accommodation. I invest monthly 2 K in SSY which has a balance of 2L. I have 3 LICs which will mature in 2030-35 and give value of 30-40 L. My wife has a house from her father worth 50 L but the rent is being used by her father. Pl advice me how to plan my finances till 2036 and thereafter post retirement.
Ans: Given your financial situation and goals, here's a comprehensive plan to manage your finances till retirement in 2036 and beyond:

Evaluate LIC Policies: Assess the terms and conditions of your LIC policies to determine if surrendering them is a viable option. Consider factors like surrender value, potential penalties, and the returns you could get from alternative investments.
Education Planning for Children:
For your son: If he wants to join the Merchant Navy or study law, start setting aside funds for his education accordingly. Consider investment options like mutual funds or education-specific savings plans to ensure you have sufficient funds when needed.
For your daughter: Given her disability, prioritize setting up a special needs trust or account to ensure she's financially supported throughout her life.
Retirement Planning:
Calculate your retirement corpus requirement based on your current expenses, expected inflation, and post-retirement lifestyle.
Continue investing in instruments like Mutual Funds (MF) to build a retirement corpus. Since you have a pensionable service, factor in your pension benefits while estimating your retirement income.
Consider diversifying your investments to reduce risk and maximize returns. Consult a financial advisor to tailor an investment strategy that aligns with your risk tolerance and goals.
Real Estate Management:
Continue paying off your Home Loan (HBL) until its maturity in 2032. Consider increasing your EMI payments if possible to shorten the loan tenure and reduce interest payments.
Monitor the rental income from your house and ensure it covers your EMI payments and provides additional income. Consider revising the rent periodically to reflect market rates.
Health and Insurance:
Review your health insurance coverage to ensure it adequately covers your family's medical needs, especially considering your daughter's disability.
Consider purchasing disability insurance to provide financial protection in case of unexpected events.
Post-Retirement Lifestyle:
Estimate your post-retirement expenses, including healthcare, leisure activities, and any additional support your daughter may require.
Explore options for generating passive income post-retirement, such as rental income, dividends from investments, or annuities.
Estate Planning:
Create or update your will to ensure your assets are distributed according to your wishes, taking into account your daughter's special needs.
Consider setting up a trust to manage your assets for the benefit of your daughter and other beneficiaries after your lifetime.
Regular Review and Adjustments:
Regularly review your financial plan to track progress towards your goals and make adjustments as needed, considering changes in income, expenses, and market conditions.
By following these steps and seeking professional financial advice when needed, you can effectively manage your finances till retirement and secure a comfortable future for you and your family.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 30, 2024

hello sir, Prem here. I am 60yrs. need the financial planning. Going to retire. I have NPS of 55 lakh, FD of 1.2 Cr, PPF 15lakh, MF 35lakh. Now need the pension 1.5lakh/month. Own house. no loan. all children settled. What to do and how to plan ahead. Please guide step by step. regards
Ans: Dear Prem,

Congratulations on reaching this significant milestone in your life. Retirement is a time to enjoy the fruits of your labor and ensure financial stability. You have a substantial portfolio, and with careful planning, you can achieve your goal of a Rs. 1.5 lakh monthly pension. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you plan ahead.

Assessing Your Current Financial Position
You have a well-diversified portfolio:

NPS: Rs. 55 lakh
Fixed Deposit: Rs. 1.2 crore
PPF: Rs. 15 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs. 35 lakh
This gives you a total corpus of Rs. 2.25 crore.

Step 1: Evaluate Your Monthly Expenses and Goals
Before we plan the investment, it’s crucial to understand your monthly expenses and financial goals.

Monthly Pension Requirement: Rs. 1.5 lakh
Other Goals: Healthcare, travel, and emergencies
Step 2: Creating an Income Stream
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
SWP from mutual funds can provide a regular income while keeping your investment growing. Here’s how it works:

Select the Mutual Funds: Choose funds that have a good track record and match your risk profile.
Set the Withdrawal Amount: Decide on a fixed amount to withdraw monthly.
Benefit: This method allows you to get regular income while the remaining funds continue to grow.
Annuity from NPS
NPS offers an annuity option, which can provide a steady income. You can allocate a portion of your NPS corpus to an annuity plan. Here’s how:

Use 40% of NPS Corpus: Use at least 40% of your NPS corpus to buy an annuity.
Choose the Right Annuity Plan: Select an annuity plan that offers a lifetime payout.
Benefits: An annuity ensures a guaranteed monthly income for life.
Fixed Deposit and PPF Interest
Fixed Deposit Interest: The interest from your FD can provide a regular income. Reinvest the principal amount at maturity to continue receiving interest.
PPF Withdrawals: After retirement, you can start withdrawing from your PPF account as needed.
Step 3: Allocating Your Corpus
Diversify Your Investments
Debt Instruments: Allocate a portion of your corpus to debt instruments for stable and secure returns. This includes fixed deposits, PPF, and debt mutual funds.
Equity Instruments: To keep up with inflation, maintain a portion in equity mutual funds. This helps in growing your corpus over time.
Example Allocation
Equity Mutual Funds: Rs. 35 lakh (for growth and SWP)
Debt Mutual Funds: Rs. 20 lakh (for stability and SWP)
Fixed Deposits: Rs. 1 crore (for regular interest income)
PPF: Rs. 15 lakh (for secure returns)
NPS Annuity: Rs. 22 lakh (for guaranteed monthly income)
Step 4: Planning for Healthcare and Emergencies
Health Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance to cover medical expenses. This will protect your savings from being depleted due to healthcare costs.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of at least 6-12 months of your expenses. This should be easily accessible and invested in liquid funds or a savings account.

Step 5: Regularly Review and Adjust Your Plan
Your financial needs and market conditions will change over time. Regularly review your investment plan and adjust it as needed. Here’s how:

Annual Reviews: Conduct annual reviews to assess the performance of your investments.
Rebalance Portfolio: Rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner: A CFP can provide personalized advice and help you create a customized roadmap with specific analysis and calculations.
Benefits of Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
A CFP can help you:

Analyze Your Financial Situation: Assess your current financial status and future needs.
Create a Customized Plan: Develop a tailored plan that aligns with your goals.
Monitor and Adjust: Regularly monitor your investments and make adjustments as needed.
Provide Peace of Mind: Ensure that your financial future is secure and well-planned.
By following these steps, you can create a solid financial plan for your retirement. Diversify your investments, utilize SWP and annuities, and regularly review your plan. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can provide additional guidance and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 10, 2024

Sir, my age is 31 years, my salary is 40k per month, am married, wife is a house wife, I have 19 months son. Can you suggest me a financial planning for future to my family and myself please ????
Ans: Understanding Your Current Situation
You're 31 years old, earning Rs 40,000 per month. You have a wife and a 19-month-old son. Your wife is a homemaker.

Setting Financial Goals
Setting clear financial goals helps guide your planning. Here are some common goals you might consider:

Emergency Fund
Aim to save 6-12 months of expenses for emergencies. This provides a safety net for unexpected events.

Child's Education
Start saving early for your son's education. Education costs are rising, so planning ahead is crucial.

Plan for your retirement to ensure a comfortable life post-retirement. Start saving early to benefit from compounding.

Building an Emergency Fund
Having an emergency fund is essential. It helps cover unexpected expenses without disrupting your financial plan.

How Much to Save
Calculate your monthly expenses. Aim to save 6-12 months' worth of expenses. This includes rent, groceries, utilities, etc.

Where to Park Emergency Fund
Use a combination of a savings account and liquid funds. Savings accounts offer easy access, while liquid funds provide better returns.

Budgeting and Managing Expenses
Creating a budget helps you track expenses and save more efficiently. Here’s how to do it:

Track Your Expenses
List all your monthly expenses. This includes rent, groceries, utilities, and other recurring costs.

Cut Unnecessary Expenses
Identify areas where you can cut back. Redirect these savings towards your financial goals.

Automate Savings
Set up automatic transfers to your savings and investment accounts. This ensures consistent savings without relying on willpower.

Investing for Your Child's Education
Education costs are rising, so it’s wise to start saving early. Here’s how to approach it:

Start an SIP
Start a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in a mutual fund. This helps you save regularly and benefit from compounding.

Choose the Right Fund
Select a fund based on your risk appetite and investment horizon. Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice.

Planning for Retirement
It's never too early to start planning for retirement. Here’s how you can ensure a comfortable retirement:

Assess Your Retirement Needs
Estimate your retirement expenses. Consider factors like inflation, healthcare costs, and lifestyle changes.

Start an SIP
Start a SIP in an equity mutual fund. Equities have the potential for higher returns, which can help grow your retirement corpus.

Review Regularly
Review your retirement plan regularly. Adjust your investments based on your goals and market conditions.

Life Insurance and Health Insurance
Insurance is crucial for protecting your family’s financial future. Here’s what you need:

Life Insurance
Get a term insurance plan. This provides financial security to your family in case of your untimely demise.

Health Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance. This covers medical expenses and prevents financial strain during health emergencies.

Building a Diversified Investment Portfolio
Diversification helps manage risk and optimize returns. Here’s how to build a diversified portfolio:

Equity Mutual Funds
Invest in equity mutual funds for long-term growth. They offer higher returns but come with higher risk.

Debt Mutual Funds
Invest in debt mutual funds for stability and regular income. They are less risky compared to equity funds.

Balanced Funds
Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt. They offer a balance between risk and return.

Avoiding Common Investment Mistakes
It’s important to avoid common mistakes to ensure your financial plan stays on track. Here are some tips:

Avoid Over-Diversification
While diversification is good, over-diversification can dilute returns. Choose a few good funds and stick with them.

Avoid Timing the Market
Timing the market is risky and often leads to losses. Invest regularly and stay invested for the long term.

Review and Rebalance
Regularly review your portfolio. Rebalance if necessary to align with your financial goals and risk appetite.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds offer several advantages over passive funds like index funds. Here’s why you should consider them:

Professional Management
Actively managed funds are managed by professionals. They make investment decisions based on market conditions.

Potential for Higher Returns
These funds aim to outperform the market. They have the potential to provide higher returns compared to index funds.

Actively managed funds can adapt to market changes quickly. This flexibility helps in capturing growth opportunities.

Regular vs Direct Funds
Investing through a regular plan with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers benefits over direct plans. Here’s why:

Personalized Advice
CFPs provide personalized advice based on your financial goals. They help you make informed investment decisions.

Ongoing Support
CFPs offer ongoing support and guidance. They help you stay on track with your financial plan.

Better Returns
Regular plans may have slightly higher costs, but the professional advice can lead to better returns in the long run.

Tax Planning and Benefits
Tax planning is an essential part of financial planning. Here’s how you can optimize your taxes:

Tax-Saving Investments
Invest in tax-saving instruments like ELSS funds. These investments help you save taxes and grow your wealth.

Plan for Tax Efficiency
Choose investments that offer tax efficiency. This maximizes your returns and minimizes your tax liability.

Consult a CFP
A CFP can help you with tax planning. They provide personalized advice based on your financial situation.

Reviewing and Adjusting Your Financial Plan
Regular review and adjustment of your financial plan are crucial. Here’s how to do it:

Annual Review
Review your financial plan annually. Adjust for any changes in your financial situation or goals.

Rebalance your portfolio if necessary. This ensures your investments align with your financial goals and risk appetite.

Stay Informed
Stay informed about market trends and changes in financial regulations. This helps you make informed decisions.

Final Insights
Financial planning is a continuous process. It requires regular review and adjustment to stay on track. Start by setting clear financial goals and building an emergency fund. Create a budget, track expenses, and invest in mutual funds for long-term growth.

Insurance is crucial for protecting your family’s financial future. Diversify your investments and avoid common mistakes. Consider actively managed funds for higher returns and consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Remember, the key is to stay disciplined and consistent in your savings and investment efforts. This ensures you have a robust financial plan for a secure future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 17, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 20, 2024Hindi
Hello Sir, I am 53 years old. Have 5 years of service remaining. I have 1.5 Crores in FD, I can save 16 lakhs per year for another 5 years. I have two houses - one I am staying & another given on rent - getting 13000 per month rent. No outstanding loans. I can get 2 Crores on retirement from PF & gratuity. I have a son working. Our monthly expenses are 80000. My son will get married in another 3 years. My son can save 30000 per month. Please give me directions for my financial planning.
Ans: Current Financial Situation
You are in a solid financial position. You have five years of service remaining. You possess Rs 1.5 crores in fixed deposits. You can save Rs 16 lakhs per year for the next five years. You own two houses, one of which generates Rs 13,000 per month in rent. You have no outstanding loans. Upon retirement, you expect Rs 2 crores from PF and gratuity. Your monthly expenses are Rs 80,000. Your son, who is working, will get married in three years and can save Rs 30,000 per month.

Investment Strategy
Diversifying Fixed Deposits
Debt Funds

Consider moving a portion of your fixed deposits into debt funds. These funds offer higher returns than fixed deposits while maintaining relative safety. Diversify into corporate bond funds and short duration funds to balance risk and returns.

Monthly Income Plans (MIPs)

Monthly Income Plans can be an excellent alternative. They invest in a mix of debt and equity, providing regular income. This can help you generate steady returns while preserving capital.

Planning for Retirement
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Investing Rs 16 lakhs annually through SIPs in diversified mutual funds can build a robust corpus. This strategy provides the benefit of rupee cost averaging, reducing market volatility risk over time.

Retirement Corpus Management
Upon retirement, your Rs 2 crores from PF and gratuity should be managed wisely. Consider allocating this corpus into a mix of debt and balanced funds to generate a regular income stream while ensuring capital protection.

Ensuring Monthly Expenses and Future Needs
Rental Income Utilization
Utilize your rental income of Rs 13,000 per month to supplement your monthly expenses. This reduces the strain on your investment portfolio.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to at least 12 months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and can be parked in liquid funds for safety and liquidity.

Planning for Son’s Marriage
Dedicated Marriage Fund
Start a dedicated fund for your son’s marriage. Investing in a balanced mutual fund or a conservative hybrid fund can be a suitable choice. This ensures the required amount is available in three years.

Your Son’s Financial Planning
SIP for Savings
Your son should continue saving Rs 30,000 per month. Investing this amount through SIPs in equity mutual funds can help build a significant corpus over time. This can be beneficial for his future goals, including marriage expenses.

Tax Efficiency
Tax-Saving Instruments
Consider investing in tax-saving instruments like ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) to reduce your tax liability. This can also provide the added benefit of capital growth.

HRA and Other Deductions
Ensure you are maximizing all available tax deductions, including HRA, 80C, and 80D, to optimize your tax efficiency.

Final Insights
Your financial situation is strong, with a good mix of assets and income streams. Diversifying your fixed deposits into debt funds and MIPs can enhance returns while maintaining safety. Investing systematically through SIPs will build a substantial corpus for retirement. Managing your retirement corpus wisely will ensure a steady income post-retirement. Utilize rental income and maintain an emergency fund for added security. Plan for your son’s marriage with a dedicated fund, and encourage his systematic savings. Ensure tax efficiency through appropriate instruments and deductions. With these strategies, you can achieve financial stability and security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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