Home > Money > Question
Need Expert Advice?Our Gurus Can Help
Sunil

Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 28, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Feb 20, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money

Hello Sir, I am 46 Y Old , and I lost my Job . I have 2 kids . One require money from 2024-2028 ( 6L per annum) other kid require money from 2028-2032. I saved and keep aside 60 L for their education . I have today 71 L of EPF . My wife earn 50 K per month which is sufficent for us to run the home and some money put in health insurance and term insurance. I will reinvest any interest earn from these two invest ments ( 60 L and 71 L). 60 L Break Up is 14.5 L Mutual fund , 25L PPF maturing in 2026, 10 L Government Bond maturing in 2024 3.4 L NSC maturing in 2032, 2.3L gold bond, 2 L Shares, 4 L FD. Please let me know can I have retirement life with 70 K from interests earning if i do not get job.

Ans: As you mentioned that with 50k you run your house so I believe 70k should be sufficient. Your exposure is too high on debt fund type of investments. Convert it into hybrid funds
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
Money

You may like to see similar questions and answers below

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Feb 20, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money
Hello Sir, I am 46 Y Old , and I lost my Job . I have 2 kids . One require money from 2024-2028 ( 6L per annum) other kid require money from 2028-2032. I saved and keep aside 60 L for their education . I have today 71 L of EPF . My wife earn 50 K per month which is sufficent for us to run the home and some money put in health insurance and term insurance. I will reinvest any interest earn from these two invest ments ( 60 L and 71 L). 60 L Break Up is 14.5 L Mumtual fund , 25L PPF maturing in 2026, 10 L Government Bond maturing in 2024 3.4 L NSC maturing in 2032, 2.3L gold bond, 2 L Shares, 4 L FD. Please let me know can I have retirement life with 70 K from interests earning if i do not get job.
Ans: It's understandable that you're concerned about your financial security after losing your job, especially with two children's education expenses to consider. Let's assess your current financial situation and retirement prospects:

Education Fund:

With 60 lakhs set aside for your children's education, you have a significant portion of their expenses covered. Ensure that these funds are invested appropriately to generate returns that align with the time horizon of their education needs.
EPF and Other Investments:

Your EPF corpus of 71 lakhs, along with your other investments in mutual funds, PPF, government bonds, NSC, gold bonds, shares, and FDs, forms a substantial part of your financial assets.
Review the performance and asset allocation of these investments to ensure they are diversified and positioned to provide growth and stability over the long term.
Retirement Planning:

With a monthly interest income target of 70,000 rupees, you'll need to calculate the rate of return required on your investments to achieve this goal. Given the current interest rate environment, it may be challenging to generate such high returns without taking on significant risk.
Consider consulting with a financial advisor to assess your risk tolerance, investment options, and retirement goals. They can help you develop a personalized retirement plan that balances risk and return effectively.
Contingency Planning:

While your wife's income covers household expenses, it's essential to have a contingency plan in case of unexpected expenses or emergencies. Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months' worth of living expenses to provide financial stability during challenging times.
Reassessing Retirement Income:

Depending solely on interest income from your investments for retirement may not be sufficient, especially considering inflation and rising living costs. Explore additional income streams or part-time work opportunities to supplement your retirement income.
In conclusion, while your current investments provide a solid foundation, achieving your retirement income target solely through interest earnings may require a review of your investment strategy and retirement goals. Consider seeking professional financial advice to optimize your portfolio and plan for a secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 11, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money
Hello Sir, I lost my job in layoff . I am 46 year old . I had a home loan of 1.18 cr with EMI of 1.07L per month . I have 2 kids, Daughter is in 12th and Son is in 9th . I am selling my other 2 flats so that i can repay the loan and left money i will put in FD. I have to plan my children education 60 L and Retirement planning ( Next Month onwards i require 1 L ). After paying home loan I left with 70 L which i will put in FD . I have 70 L in EPF, 30 L in PPF maturity in 2026, 19 L FD, 3.3 L NSC ( Maturity at 2032/ 6.6L), 14 L Mutual Fund. My wife earns 50 K per month . Monthy expenses are 75K . My goals of havinng 1 L from next month and kids education can be achieved with these investment .
Ans: I'm sorry to hear about your job loss, but it's commendable that you're taking proactive steps to manage your finances during this challenging time. Let's create a plan to address your immediate needs and long-term goals:

• Home Loan Repayment: Selling your other two flats to repay the home loan is a prudent decision, as it will relieve you of the burden of the EMI and reduce financial stress.

• Emergency Fund: It's essential to maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses and loss of income. Since you'll have 70 lakhs from the sale of your flats, consider keeping a portion of this amount aside as your emergency fund, ideally in a liquid and accessible form like a savings account or short-term FD.

• Children's Education: With 60 lakhs earmarked for your children's education, you can explore investment options that offer growth potential over the medium to long term. Consider a combination of equity mutual funds, balanced funds, and fixed-income instruments to achieve your education goals. Since your daughter is in 12th grade, you may need to prioritize her education expenses in the near term.

• Retirement Planning: Your goal of having 1 lakh per month from next month onwards for retirement can be achieved by structuring your existing investments wisely. With 70 lakhs in EPF, 30 lakhs in PPF (maturing in 2026), and other fixed deposits and mutual funds, you have a solid foundation. You can explore options like Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS), Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS), and systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs) from mutual funds to generate a regular income stream in retirement.

• Income Replacement: Since you'll no longer have a regular income from employment, it's crucial to plan for income replacement. Your wife's income of 50,000 per month will provide some support, but you may need to supplement it with income generated from your investments.

• Expense Management: Given your monthly expenses of 75,000, it's essential to budget carefully and prioritize your spending. Look for areas where you can cut costs without compromising on essentials.

• Professional Advice: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner who can help you develop a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your specific circumstances and goals. They can provide valuable guidance on investment strategies, tax planning, and retirement planning.

In conclusion, while losing your job is undoubtedly challenging, with careful planning and prudent financial management, you can navigate this period of transition successfully. By leveraging your existing assets and making strategic investment decisions, you can work towards achieving your children's education goals and securing a comfortable retirement for yourself. Stay focused, stay positive, and remember that you're not alone in this journey.

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 20, 2024Hindi
Money
Hello Sir, Me and my wife are both 35 years old. We earn a total of Rs. 3.50L per month. We have a house loan of 15L for which we pay an emi of 15k per month. We both also have ppf accounts with combined amount of 7L and starting july 2024 will be investing 12500 rs in each account. We also have lum-sum mf deposited of Rs. 2L and 3L each (a year back). Currently have a combined SIP of 10000 monthly in equity + debt. We have 2 properties for one receives rental of Rs. 12500 per month and other one we stay. We also have FD of around 20L and have a seperate amount of Rs. 5L kept as emergency fund. Also we have NPS account and per year we invest Rs. 50000 each in our accounts. We have a Term plans for both of us at 1-1cr each. Our company PF balnce combined to be around 25L. We have a 6 year old son. We wish to retire by age of 50 years, with a handsome amount which can generate an income of 1.5-2L. Please help us how can we work towards achieving this goal.
Ans: First, I want to commend you and your wife for being financially proactive and disciplined. Your combined monthly income of Rs. 3.50 lakhs and structured investments show a solid foundation. Your goal to retire by 50 with an income of Rs. 1.5-2 lakhs per month is achievable with strategic planning. Let’s explore how you can optimize your current finances to reach this goal.

Current Financial Snapshot
House Loan:

Outstanding loan: Rs. 15 lakhs
EMI: Rs. 15,000 per month
PPF Accounts:

Combined balance: Rs. 7 lakhs
Monthly investment from July 2024: Rs. 12,500 each (total Rs. 25,000)
Mutual Funds:

Lump sum: Rs. 2 lakhs and Rs. 3 lakhs
Monthly SIP: Rs. 10,000 in equity and debt
Properties:

One rental property generating Rs. 12,500 per month
Primary residence
Fixed Deposits:

Total: Rs. 20 lakhs
Emergency Fund:

Total: Rs. 5 lakhs
NPS Accounts:

Annual contribution: Rs. 50,000 each (total Rs. 1 lakh)
Term Insurance:

Sum assured: Rs. 1 crore each
Provident Fund:

Combined balance: Rs. 25 lakhs
With this strong financial base, let’s assess how to align your assets and investments towards your retirement goal.

Setting Clear Retirement Goals
Your goal is to retire at 50, with a steady monthly income of Rs. 1.5-2 lakhs. To achieve this, we need to:

Estimate Retirement Corpus:

We need to calculate how much you’ll need to generate Rs. 1.5-2 lakhs per month, considering inflation and longevity.
Optimize Current Investments:

Evaluate and adjust your current investments for growth and stability.
Increase Investment Contributions:

Plan to increase your savings and investments to meet the desired retirement corpus.
Estimating Your Retirement Corpus
Assuming you need Rs. 1.5-2 lakhs per month in today’s terms, we must account for inflation. Typically, a 6-7% annual inflation rate is reasonable for long-term planning.

Inflation-Adjusted Income:

Rs. 1.5 lakhs today will be much higher in 15 years due to inflation. For example, at 6% inflation, Rs. 1.5 lakhs will be around Rs. 3.6 lakhs in 15 years.
Corpus Calculation:

To generate Rs. 3.6 lakhs per month, you need a substantial retirement corpus. Typically, using a safe withdrawal rate of 4-5%, you’ll need a corpus of approximately Rs. 9-10 crores.
Optimizing Your Current Investments
To build this corpus, let’s review and optimize your existing investments and strategies.

Paying Off the Home Loan
Low-Interest Priority:

Your home loan of Rs. 15 lakhs with an EMI of Rs. 15,000 is manageable. If the interest rate is low, continue paying the EMI. Use surplus funds for higher growth investments rather than prepaying the loan.
Focus on Higher Returns:

Redirecting extra money towards investments with higher returns than your loan’s interest rate can be more beneficial.
Leveraging PPF Accounts
Consistent Contributions:

You plan to invest Rs. 25,000 per month in PPF. This provides safe, tax-free returns, which is great for a portion of your portfolio. Continue these contributions for stability and security.
Long-Term Growth:

PPF’s tax-free nature and stable returns make it a strong long-term investment. It’s perfect for balancing your riskier investments.
Enhancing Mutual Fund Investments
Review Lump Sum Investments:

Your Rs. 2 lakhs and Rs. 3 lakhs in mutual funds need reviewing. Ensure these funds are aligned with your risk tolerance and goals. Prefer funds with a good track record of consistent returns.
Increase SIPs:

You currently invest Rs. 10,000 monthly in SIPs. To meet your retirement goals, consider increasing your SIPs gradually. Target Rs. 20,000-30,000 monthly as your income allows.
Focus on Growth:

Prioritize equity mutual funds for higher returns, balanced with some debt funds for stability. Actively managed funds can outperform index funds, providing better growth potential.
Fixed Deposits and Emergency Fund
Emergency Fund:

Your Rs. 5 lakhs emergency fund is excellent. It’s crucial to keep this liquid and accessible. This provides security and peace of mind.
Reassess Fixed Deposits:

With Rs. 20 lakhs in FDs, you have stability, but returns may be lower. Consider reallocating a portion to higher-yielding investments, keeping some for short-term needs and safety.
NPS Contributions
Tax Benefits:

Your annual Rs. 50,000 each in NPS is beneficial for tax savings and retirement planning. Continue these contributions for long-term retirement benefits.
Growth Potential:

NPS offers good growth with a mix of equity and debt. It’s a great supplement to your retirement corpus, providing steady growth and tax benefits.
Investment Strategy to Achieve Retirement Goals
To retire comfortably by 50, focus on growing your wealth while managing risks. Here’s a strategic plan:

Maximize Equity Exposure:

At your age, focus on equity investments for higher growth. Increase your SIPs in equity mutual funds and ensure a diversified portfolio.
Rebalance Periodically:

Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your goals. Adjust allocations based on market conditions and your risk tolerance.
Leverage Professional Management:

Actively managed funds can provide higher returns through expert stock selection and management. Consider funds with good track records and professional managers.
Increase Contributions Over Time:

As your income grows, gradually increase your SIPs and other investments. Aim to invest a larger portion of your salary towards your retirement corpus.
Utilize Tax-Efficient Investments:

Maximize contributions to PPF and NPS for tax savings. Also, consider tax-efficient mutual funds and equity investments.
Diversify Across Asset Classes:

Balance your portfolio with a mix of equities, debt, and safe instruments like PPF and FDs. Diversification reduces risk and enhances returns.
Managing Risks and Ensuring Stability
Risk management is crucial in your journey towards early retirement. Here’s how you can mitigate risks while pursuing your goals:

Adequate Insurance Coverage:

Your term plans of Rs. 1 crore each provide a safety net for your family. Ensure you have adequate health insurance to cover medical emergencies.
Emergency Fund Maintenance:

Keep your Rs. 5 lakhs emergency fund intact. This protects against unexpected expenses without disturbing your investments.
Regular Financial Check-Ups:

Periodically review your financial plan and investments. This helps in adapting to changing circumstances and staying on track.
Plan for Inflation:

Consider the impact of inflation on your retirement needs. Ensure your investments grow faster than inflation to maintain purchasing power.
Building a Sustainable Retirement Plan
Creating a sustainable retirement plan involves both growing your corpus and planning for a stable income post-retirement. Here’s how:

Target a Diversified Corpus:

Aim for a retirement corpus that includes a mix of equity, debt, and fixed-income investments. This provides growth and stability.
Consider Systematic Withdrawal Plans:

Post-retirement, consider using Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs) from mutual funds to generate a steady income. This allows you to withdraw money systematically while keeping your capital invested and growing.
Explore Annuity Options:

Though not the focus, evaluate annuities for a portion of your retirement corpus for guaranteed income. They provide stability and reduce the risk of outliving your savings.
Maintain a Balance Between Safety and Growth:

As you approach retirement, gradually shift to safer investments to protect your corpus while keeping some exposure to growth assets.
Final Insights
Your goal to retire at 50 with a monthly income of Rs. 1.5-2 lakhs is ambitious but achievable. Here’s a summary of how to work towards it:

Focus on Equity for Growth:

Increase your equity investments through SIPs and lump-sum mutual fund investments. This provides the growth needed to build a large corpus.
Maintain Diversification and Stability:

Balance your portfolio with PPF, FDs, and NPS for stability and tax benefits. Keep your emergency fund intact for security.
Increase Investments Over Time:

Gradually increase your investment contributions as your income grows. This accelerates your wealth-building process.
Leverage Professional Management:

Utilize actively managed mutual funds and the expertise of Certified Financial Planners. They help in optimizing your investments and staying on track.
Regularly Review and Rebalance:

Periodically review your financial plan and investments. Rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your goals and risk tolerance.
Starting early and maintaining a disciplined approach will lead you to a comfortable and financially secure retirement at 50. Your proactive steps today will pave the way for a fulfilling and worry-free future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Latest Questions
Mayank

Mayank Chandel  |1479 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |1860 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 12, 2024Hindi
Listen
Mayank

Mayank Chandel  |1479 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

Close  

You haven't logged in yet. To ask a question, Please Log in below
Login

A verification OTP will be sent to this
Mobile Number / Email

Enter OTP
A 6 digit code has been sent to

Resend OTP in120seconds

Dear User, You have not registered yet. Please register by filling the fields below to get expert answers from our Gurus
Sign up

By signing up, you agree to our
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy

Already have an account?

Enter OTP
A 6 digit code has been sent to Mobile

Resend OTP in120seconds

x