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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 02, 2024Hindi

I am a cabin crew in India. I am 28years old no savings yet. But loan of 3lakhs. Planning to clear all my loans in the next 8 months. After that all my earnings will be my savings. Also I am planning for some business. I am good at art work and cooking also I am a fashion designer. Please suggest me what business will be good for me..also I am completely alone noone to take care of me in future. And I have no backup. Whatever I have earned n I will earn infuture will be my only hope. Please suggest me how can I save also any business ideas.

Ans: Assessing Your Financial Situation
First, congratulations on your plan to clear your loans within the next 8 months. This shows a strong commitment to financial stability. With a clear focus on repaying your debt, you’re already on the right path.

Creating a Debt Repayment Plan
Prioritizing Loan Repayment
Prioritize paying off your Rs 3 lakh loan within the next 8 months. This means allocating a significant portion of your income towards this goal. Calculate the exact monthly payment needed to achieve this within your desired timeframe.

Budgeting Effectively
Create a detailed budget that outlines your income and expenses. Identify areas where you can cut back temporarily to ensure maximum loan repayment. This disciplined approach will accelerate your debt clearance.

Building an Emergency Fund
Importance of an Emergency Fund
Once your loan is cleared, the next step is to build an emergency fund. This fund should cover at least 6 months of living expenses. It provides a safety net in case of unforeseen circumstances, such as job loss or medical emergencies.

How to Save for an Emergency Fund
Set aside a fixed amount each month into a high-interest savings account until you reach your target. This fund should be easily accessible and separate from your regular savings.

Exploring Business Ideas
Given your skills in art, cooking, and fashion design, there are several business ideas that could be a good fit for you. Here are a few to consider:

Online Art Store
Use your artistic skills to create unique art pieces and sell them online. Platforms like Etsy or your own website can help you reach a wide audience.

Home-Based Bakery or Catering
If you enjoy cooking, consider starting a home-based bakery or catering service. You can begin with small orders for friends and family and gradually expand your customer base.

Fashion Design and Boutique
Leverage your fashion design skills to start a boutique. You can create custom designs and offer them through an online store or local market.

Creating a Business Plan
Market Research
Conduct market research to understand the demand for your products or services. Identify your target audience and competitors. This research will help you refine your business idea and develop a strong business plan.

Financial Planning for Business
Estimate the initial investment required for your business. This includes costs for materials, marketing, and other essentials. Plan how you will fund your business, whether through savings, loans, or other sources.

Saving and Investing for the Future
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Once your emergency fund is in place, consider starting a SIP in mutual funds. SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, which can grow significantly over time due to compounding.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe investment option with attractive interest rates and tax benefits. It’s suitable for long-term savings and helps build a secure financial future.

Recurring Deposits (RD)
RDs in banks allow you to save a fixed amount monthly with guaranteed returns. They are low-risk investments and help inculcate the habit of regular saving.

Diversifying Investments
Importance of Diversification
Diversification spreads your investments across different asset classes, reducing risk and enhancing returns. This approach ensures that poor performance in one asset class doesn’t significantly impact your overall portfolio.

Suggested Allocation
A balanced portfolio might include 50% in equity mutual funds for growth, 30% in debt mutual funds for stability, and 20% in fixed-income instruments like PPF or RD.

Regular Monitoring and Adjustment
Tracking Your Investments
Regularly monitor the performance of your investments to ensure they align with your financial goals. This helps in making informed decisions and necessary adjustments.

Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain the desired asset allocation. This involves selling over-performing assets and reinvesting in underperforming ones.

Financial Discipline
Consistent Saving and Investing
Consistency is key to successful saving and investing. Save and invest regularly, even if the amount is small. Over time, this disciplined approach will help in accumulating substantial wealth.

Avoiding Impulse Spending
Avoid impulse spending and prioritize your financial goals. This ensures that you have sufficient funds to save and invest regularly.

Importance of Financial Literacy
Educate Yourself
Invest time in educating yourself about financial markets and investment principles. This empowers you to make informed investment decisions.

Stay Updated
Stay updated with market trends and economic developments. This helps in understanding the impact of market movements on your investments.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner
Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized investment advice based on your financial goals and risk tolerance. They help in creating a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your needs.

Avoiding Common Investment Mistakes
Over-Reliance on a Single Asset
Avoid putting all your money into a single investment. Diversify your portfolio to spread risk and enhance returns.

Chasing High Returns
Chasing high returns often leads to taking excessive risks. Focus on creating a balanced portfolio that offers steady and sustainable returns.

Emergency Fund
Financial Cushion
Maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses. This prevents the need to dip into your long-term investments during emergencies.

Setting Realistic Expectations
Long-Term Perspective
Invest with a long-term perspective. While markets may fluctuate in the short term, they tend to offer good returns over the long term.

Patience and Discipline
Patience and discipline are crucial for successful investing. Stick to your investment plan and avoid making impulsive decisions based on market movements.

Investing in Your Future
Starting Early
Starting early gives you the advantage of time. The earlier you start investing, the more you benefit from compounding, resulting in substantial wealth accumulation over time.

Goal-Based Investing
Invest with specific goals in mind. Whether it's expanding your business, buying a house, or retirement, having clear goals helps in creating a focused investment strategy.

Risk Management
Understanding Risk
Understand the risks associated with different investment options. This helps in making informed decisions and choosing investments that match your risk tolerance.

Mitigating Risk
Mitigate risk by diversifying your investments across different asset classes. This ensures that poor performance in one asset class does not significantly impact your overall returns.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Investments
Choose tax-efficient investments that offer deductions and exemptions under various sections of the Income Tax Act. This helps in maximizing your net returns.

Understanding Tax Implications
Understand the tax implications of your investments to plan effectively. This helps in optimizing your investment returns and minimizing tax liability.

Clearing your loan and focusing on savings and investments will set you on a path to financial stability. Leveraging your skills in art, cooking, and fashion design to start a business can provide an additional income stream. Create a diversified investment portfolio and invest regularly to build a secure financial future. Seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner to develop a personalized financial strategy. Stay disciplined and informed to navigate your financial journey successfully.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Chandu Nair  |65 Answers  |Ask -

VC, Angel Investing, Entrepreneurship Expert - Answered on Nov 02, 2023

for past 19 years i am working in a manufacturing company namely Tinplate company of india limited jamshedpur as mechanical engineer i want to do some buniness so that i have some monetory stability and extra income as you know today no one job is fixed forever pl suggest some small business for me so that after i loose my job i can sustain some income
Ans: Mr Azad, you would like to have a side business to generate additional income. You have provided no idea of your skills/expertise/ experience nor of your financial situation (I am guessing that you don't have any surplus to invest in a business).

First and foremost, pl check if your current employer permits moonlighting or having another job even if it is freelance/ gig work. Many companies can take stringent action in this regard.
Second, what skills/expertise/ experience do you have which is distinct from your current job at TCIL? E.g., are you a good writer, or can draw or teach well or translate from one language to another, or cook etc etc. That will help you identify possible alternate income generating possibilities,
Third, how much free time do you have per day? On the weekends? And at what time? That will narrow down the list of ideas.
Fourth, what kind of other infrastructure, manpower support etc is required for the idea? Do you have the ability to get /pay for it? If you don't, you can only do those activities which rely on your time and expertise. You need to be able to give focused attention to it on a sustained business be it tuitions, writing, cooking, generating online content or whatever else you finally choose.
Fifth, do you have access to a set of customers/ buyers who want what you can offer and are willing to pay for it and can you easily reach them?
Once you have gone through these steps, you would have likely identified an idea that can potentially give you an alternate source of income.
Best of luck

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 15, 2024

Hi, I have 55k in hand salary and Im 27 currently. I have a car emi of 12500 a d other household and personal expenses of around 20k. I have 4 lakh in Mutual Funds, 5 lakh in shares and 4 lakh Cash in hand. In PF I have around 3 lakhs. What would be a good suggestion for my future? My expenses are sometimes more than my income as I'm the sole earner in family . For ex - I paid around 83k last month for my parents Health insurance. I'm right now able to manage my expenses somehow, but have to hinder my joys.
Ans: Your commitment to supporting your family while managing your finances responsibly is truly admirable. Let's explore strategic steps to secure your financial future and alleviate financial stress.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Your detailed breakdown of income, expenses, and assets provides valuable insight into your financial landscape. It's commendable how you prioritize your family's well-being despite facing occasional financial challenges.

Analyzing Income and Expenses
Your monthly income of Rs. 55,000 covers essential expenses like car EMIs, household expenses, and personal expenses. However, occasional large expenses, such as health insurance premiums, can strain your budget.

Optimizing Assets and Investments
Your diversified investment portfolio comprising mutual funds, shares, cash reserves, and PF reflects a prudent approach to wealth management. Leveraging these assets strategically can help secure your financial future.

Future Planning Recommendations
Considering your circumstances, here are some tailored recommendations:

Emergency Fund: Building an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of living expenses can provide a financial safety net during unexpected situations, reducing reliance on cash reserves.

Budgeting and Expense Management: Implementing a detailed budgeting strategy can help track expenses and identify areas where you can optimize spending, ensuring better financial stability.

Health Insurance Planning: While health insurance is essential, exploring options for more affordable premiums or seeking government schemes can help alleviate the burden of high healthcare costs.

Additional Income Sources: Exploring opportunities for additional income streams, such as freelance work or part-time employment, can supplement your primary income and ease financial strain.

Benefits of Professional Guidance
Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can provide invaluable guidance in optimizing your financial resources, identifying growth opportunities, and creating a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your goals and circumstances.

By implementing prudent financial strategies, optimizing expenses, and seeking professional guidance, you can work towards securing your financial future while still providing for your family's needs. Remember, small steps taken today can lead to significant financial stability tomorrow.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 11, 2024Hindi
Hello I am 28 year old my in hand salary is 40kpm I am married women currently no child. How I manage my expense and savings ? In which fund I invest for secure future.
Ans: First, let's understand your current financial standing. With an in-hand salary of Rs 40,000 per month, you have a stable income. Being married and currently without children provides a unique opportunity to focus on building a strong financial foundation.

Compliments and Understanding

You're already ahead by thinking about your financial future. Many don't plan at your age. It shows your foresight and responsibility. Your proactive approach is commendable and will surely pave the way for a secure financial future.

Creating a Budget

A budget is the cornerstone of financial planning. It helps track income and expenses, ensuring that you live within your means and save for future goals.

Step-by-Step Budgeting

Income: Your monthly take-home salary is Rs 40,000.

Essential Expenses: Include rent, groceries, utilities, transportation, and healthcare. Aim to keep these below 50% of your income, which would be Rs 20,000.

Discretionary Expenses: Allocate 30% of your income to dining out, entertainment, and personal shopping. This would be Rs 12,000.

Savings and Investments: The remaining 20%, or Rs 8,000, should go towards savings and investments.

Emergency Fund

An emergency fund is a financial safety net. It should cover 3-6 months' worth of essential expenses.

Building an Emergency Fund

Start by setting aside a portion of your savings each month until you reach this target. A liquid fund is ideal for this purpose due to its low risk and easy access.

Investment Strategy

Investing wisely is crucial for wealth creation. Given your profile, a mix of investment options can provide stability and growth.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are excellent for long-term wealth creation. They offer diversification, professional management, and flexibility.

Actively Managed Funds: These funds aim to outperform the market through expert selection of securities. They are ideal for those who seek higher returns and are comfortable with moderate risk.

SIP (Systematic Investment Plan)

SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly. It inculcates discipline and averages out the cost of investment over time, reducing the impact of market volatility.

Debt Funds

Debt funds are suitable for conservative investors. They invest in fixed-income securities and provide steady returns with lower risk.


Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across different asset classes. This ensures that poor performance in one area does not drastically impact your overall portfolio.

Insurance Planning

Insurance is crucial for financial security. It protects against unforeseen events and ensures that your family's needs are met in your absence.

Life Insurance

Opt for a term plan with adequate coverage. Term plans offer high coverage at low premiums and are ideal for income replacement.

Health Insurance

Healthcare costs are rising. A comprehensive health insurance policy covers medical expenses, ensuring that your savings are not depleted by medical emergencies.

Retirement Planning

Retirement planning is essential for financial independence in later years. Start early to benefit from the power of compounding.

NPS (National Pension System)

NPS is a government-backed pension scheme. It offers tax benefits and helps build a retirement corpus.

Mutual Funds for Retirement

Equity mutual funds are ideal for long-term growth. They have the potential to generate higher returns, aiding in building a substantial retirement corpus.

Tax Planning

Efficient tax planning increases disposable income. Utilize available deductions and exemptions to reduce tax liability.

Section 80C Investments

Investments under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act offer tax deductions. Options include PPF, EPF, and ELSS.

Health Insurance Premiums

Premiums paid for health insurance qualify for deductions under Section 80D. This reduces taxable income while ensuring health coverage.

Goal-Based Planning

Financial goals provide direction and motivation. Categorize them into short-term, medium-term, and long-term goals.

Short-Term Goals

These include building an emergency fund and saving for a vacation or a gadget. Allocate funds in liquid or short-term debt funds.

Medium-Term Goals

These could be saving for a car or a down payment on a house. Consider balanced funds or debt funds for these goals.

Long-Term Goals

Long-term goals include children's education, retirement, and wealth creation. Equity mutual funds and SIPs are suitable for these goals due to their potential for high returns over time.

Review and Rebalance

Regular review of your financial plan is crucial. It ensures that your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance.

Annual Review

Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess your progress and make necessary adjustments.


Rebalancing involves realigning the weightings of your portfolio. It helps maintain the desired level of risk and return.

Avoiding Common Pitfalls

Certain financial mistakes can derail your plans. Being aware of these can help you avoid them.


Stick to your budget and avoid impulse purchases. This ensures that you live within your means and save for future goals.

Inadequate Insurance

Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance. This protects against financial hardships due to unforeseen events.

Ignoring Inflation

Inflation erodes the value of money over time. Ensure your investments generate returns that outpace inflation.

Investment Tips

Here are some additional tips to enhance your investment strategy.

Start Early

The earlier you start investing, the more time your money has to grow. This maximizes the benefits of compounding.

Stay Invested

Stay invested for the long term to ride out market volatility. Short-term market fluctuations should not deter you from your financial goals.

Seek Professional Advice

A certified financial planner can provide personalized advice. They can help you create a tailored financial plan that aligns with your goals and risk tolerance.

Final Insights

Your proactive approach towards financial planning is commendable. By creating a budget, building an emergency fund, investing wisely, and planning for insurance and retirement, you're on the right path. Regular reviews and avoiding common pitfalls will ensure that you stay on track.

Your financial journey is unique, and with careful planning and disciplined execution, you can achieve your financial goals. Remember, the key to financial success is consistency and patience.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Anu Krishna  |1048 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 21, 2024Hindi
Respected Anu ji This is quite an unusual query and I request your patience and understanding through this lengthy text I am a native of Tamilnadu and my maternal relatives are mostly of the business class It may not seem odd, but one may have heard of mind reading (and controlling) like in some celebrated spiritual centres, something similar is happening with me, I am subjected to this by my maternal relatives - they identify themselves as Yadavas, some have Serious God complexes and schizophrenia - trust me they have abilities like crystal ball gazing/ future telling, mind mapping and Niyog (one may have heard of Vyasa of Mahabharat times doing this to his step sister-in- laws to beget children!) many other neuro related traits - some cases you may have handled Though I am relatively open minded, but I frankly do not subscribe to the concept of Niyog They have also hurt me emotionally and physically right from childhood - I don't have any proof of it I just want to sever all connections with them and live my life peacefully - I even did a vasectomy to avoid any altercation with them But the problem in India is that here we cannot avoid our relatives - more so till my mom is there - I am Not a momma's boy, but my mother of 73 years has multiple comorbidities including heart fail and asthma - it is my duty as a son and a human being to help her.. Please advise how I could avoid my relatives and yet take care of my mom and lead my life peacefully
Ans: Dear Anonymous,
I am quite unaware of what you mention; but being a firm believer in Mind Sciences, I do believe that taking control of someone's mind can happen only when that someone meekly submits to the other person in a weak space OR when that someone actually believes some blindly.
You can see this happen with so many so-called spiritual heads who have so many blind followers and anything said by them will be unquestioningly followed by people. That is also called mind control.
You can stay away from people that you don't particularly fancy without severing ties also. Distances make that happen anyway, so does our busy lives...There is no need to make a big announcement about severing ties...staying away will do the trick in itself...

What I also still don't know is the purpose of your question as I don't actually see a question for me! Whatever I have been able to gather, I can only suggest: Do what you think and feel is right for you without actually fearing anyone and anything.

All the best!
Anu Krishna
Mind Coach|NLP Trainer|Author
Drop in: www.unfear.io
Reach me: Facebook: anukrish07/ AND LinkedIn: anukrishna-joyofserving/

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Sir,pls review my MF portfolio and give your review and advice. I have in my portfolio 5 L in Baroda pnd paribas multi asset,2 L sbi balanced advantage,2 HDFC manufacturing fund,2 bandhan innovation MF,1 sbi psu fund,1 sbi next 50 index fund,2 L HDFC multicap,3000sip in sbi 250small cap index fund,3000 sip in ICICI bluechip fund,3000 sip in motilal oswal midcap fund.
Ans: Review of Your Mutual Fund Portfolio
Let's assess your current mutual fund portfolio and provide suggestions to optimize it.

Current Portfolio Breakdown
Baroda BNP Paribas Multi Asset: Rs 5,00,000
SBI Balanced Advantage: Rs 2,00,000
HDFC Manufacturing Fund: Rs 2,00,000
Bandhan Innovation Mutual Fund: Rs 2,00,000
SBI PSU Fund: Rs 1,00,000
SBI Next 50 Index Fund: Rs 1,00,000
HDFC Multicap Fund: Rs 2,00,000
SIP in SBI 250 Small Cap Index Fund: Rs 3,000 per month
SIP in ICICI Bluechip Fund: Rs 3,000 per month
SIP in Motilal Oswal Midcap Fund: Rs 3,000 per month
Analysis and Evaluation

Your portfolio includes a mix of equity, balanced, and sector funds.
This diversification helps in risk management.
Sector Funds:

HDFC Manufacturing Fund and SBI PSU Fund are sector-specific.
Sector funds can be risky due to lack of diversification.
Index Funds:

SBI Next 50 Index Fund and SBI 250 Small Cap Index Fund are passive investments.
Index funds do not outperform the market and lack active management.
Balanced Advantage Fund:

SBI Balanced Advantage Fund balances equity and debt.
This provides stability during market volatility.
Multicap Funds:

HDFC Multicap Fund offers diversification across large, mid, and small caps.
This reduces concentration risk.
Reduce Sector Exposure:

Consider reducing your investment in sector funds like HDFC Manufacturing and SBI PSU Fund.
These funds are less diversified and can be volatile.
Shift from Index Funds to Actively Managed Funds:

Index funds like SBI Next 50 and SBI 250 Small Cap Index Fund lack active management.
Actively managed funds can potentially offer better returns.
Increase Exposure to Actively Managed Funds:

Increase investment in actively managed funds such as multicap, large-cap, and mid-cap funds.
These funds are managed by professionals who can make informed investment decisions.
SIP in Balanced and Multicap Funds:

Continue your SIP in ICICI Bluechip and Motilal Oswal Midcap funds.
Consider adding more SIPs in balanced advantage or multicap funds.
Diversify Across Asset Classes:

Continue investing in multi-asset funds like Baroda BNP Paribas Multi Asset.
These funds offer a mix of equity, debt, and other assets for better diversification.
Suggested Portfolio Allocation
Equity Funds:

Large Cap Funds: 30% of your portfolio.
Mid Cap Funds: 20% of your portfolio.
Multicap Funds: 25% of your portfolio.
Reduce sector funds to 10% of your portfolio.
Balanced Funds:

Balanced Advantage Funds: 15% of your portfolio.
Multi-Asset Funds:

Continue with Baroda BNP Paribas Multi Asset.
Final Insights
Your portfolio is well-diversified but can be optimized by reducing sector-specific and index funds. Increase allocation to actively managed large, mid, and multicap funds. This strategy will potentially enhance returns and manage risks better. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay aligned with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

I am 30 years(90's kid), single having 17 lacs in equity oriented mutual fund growth options, 2 Lacs in retirement benefit fund in HDFC MF growth and 15 lacs in HDFC balanced fund dividend payout for passive income. Rs.5 Lacs in PPF with annual subscription of 10k along with health insurance for Rs.10 Lacs term insurance for 1.5 cr. And traditional insurance for 4 lacs. I have no loan commitment or financial commitment and a conservative minimalist. I am living in rented house and decided not to buy house/flat. I can accomodate 10,000 monthly sip. May I request you please to suggest me whether to invest in growth fund or dividend payout
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
You are 30 years old, single, and have no financial commitments. You have diversified investments and insurance coverage.

Existing Investments Overview
Equity-Oriented Mutual Funds: Rs. 17 lakhs in growth options
Retirement Benefit Fund in HDFC MF: Rs. 2 lakhs in growth options
HDFC Balanced Fund: Rs. 15 lakhs in dividend payout for passive income
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs. 5 lakhs with annual subscription of Rs. 10,000
Health Insurance: Rs. 10 lakhs
Term Insurance: Rs. 1.5 crores
Traditional Insurance: Rs. 4 lakhs
Financial Goals and Risk Appetite
Given your conservative and minimalist lifestyle, your goal is likely to grow your wealth while maintaining stability and security.

Monthly SIP Investment Strategy
You can accommodate a monthly SIP of Rs. 10,000. The choice between growth funds and dividend payout depends on your financial goals.

Benefits of Growth Funds
Growth funds reinvest the profits back into the fund. This helps in wealth accumulation over time.

Wealth Accumulation: Helps in growing your investment corpus over time.
Compounding: Reinvested earnings grow and compound over the long term.
Tax Efficiency: No tax on reinvested earnings until you sell the investment.
Benefits of Dividend Payout Funds
Dividend payout funds provide regular income through dividends. They are ideal if you need periodic income.

Regular Income: Provides periodic income through dividends.
Lower Market Volatility Impact: Less impacted by market volatility since dividends provide regular cash flow.
Reinvestment Option: You can reinvest dividends back into the fund if not needed.
Recommendations for Your SIP
Considering your conservative approach and need for growth, a mix of growth and dividend payout funds can be beneficial.

Growth Funds: Allocate a portion of your SIP to growth funds for long-term wealth accumulation.
Dividend Payout Funds: Allocate another portion to dividend payout funds for regular passive income.
Suggested Allocation
Growth Funds: Invest Rs. 6,000 monthly in growth-oriented mutual funds.
Dividend Payout Funds: Invest Rs. 4,000 monthly in dividend payout mutual funds.
Additional Considerations
Review Insurance: Ensure your health and term insurance are sufficient for your needs.
Emergency Fund: Keep an emergency fund of at least 6 months’ expenses in a liquid instrument.
Regular Review: Periodically review and adjust your investments based on your financial goals and market conditions.
Final Insights
Balancing growth and dividend payout funds can offer both wealth accumulation and regular income. Regularly review your investments and consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Lumpsum investment pls advise good funds Sip investment which good funds Tax savind mutual.fund which is good fund Pls advice am 50yrs pf age want the fund giv g gopd returns in 5 to 8 yrs
Ans: Investing a lumpsum amount requires careful planning. Given your age and goals, it's important to balance risk and return. Here are some recommendations:

Diversified Equity Funds:

These funds invest in a mix of large, mid, and small-cap stocks.
They offer potential for high returns.
Suitable for a 5-8 year investment horizon.
Actively Managed Funds:

Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.
Professional fund managers select stocks based on research.
They can provide better returns than index funds.
Debt Funds:

For lower risk, consider debt funds.
These invest in fixed-income securities.
Suitable for short to medium-term goals.
SIP Investment
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) help in disciplined investing. They also benefit from rupee cost averaging. Here are some options for SIP investments:

Large Cap Funds:

Invest in large, stable companies.
Lower risk compared to mid and small-cap funds.
Suitable for consistent growth.
Mid Cap Funds:

Invest in mid-sized companies.
Potential for higher growth than large-cap funds.
Suitable for medium to high-risk investors.
Small Cap Funds:

Invest in small companies with high growth potential.
Higher risk but can offer significant returns.
Suitable for long-term goals and risk-tolerant investors.
Tax-Saving Mutual Funds
Tax-saving mutual funds, also known as ELSS, provide tax benefits under Section 80C. They have a lock-in period of 3 years. Here are some benefits:

Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS):
Offer tax deductions up to Rs 1.5 lakh.
Invest in equity markets for potential high returns.
Shortest lock-in period among tax-saving options.
Investment Strategy
To achieve good returns in 5-8 years, consider the following strategy:


Spread investments across equity, debt, and tax-saving funds.
This reduces risk and maximizes returns.
Professional Guidance:

Invest through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP).
Regular funds through an MFD with CFP credentials offer support and professional advice.
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds track a specific market index. However, they have some disadvantages:

No Active Management:

They replicate the index and cannot outperform it.
They miss out on potential gains from market inefficiencies.
Market Risk:

They are subject to overall market risk.
They do not protect against downturns in the index.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have several advantages:

Professional Management:

Experienced fund managers make investment decisions.
They can identify and exploit market opportunities.
Potential for Higher Returns:

Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.
They can adjust their portfolios based on market conditions.
Final Insights
Investing at 50 requires a balanced approach. Focus on diversifying across equity, debt, and tax-saving funds. Use SIPs for disciplined investing and consider actively managed funds for potential higher returns. Avoid direct investments and index funds due to their limitations. Seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner to tailor your investments to your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 23, 2024Hindi
Hai sir I am working in The Singareni Collieries Company Limited My gross salary 65000 Net salary 45000/- In that 25500 are regular chit which at end in 05.02.2025 I had two kids and age is one month both. How to slip the income and start investment in sip and mutual fund. The income should get at the age 20 of my children for education
Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
You have a gross salary of Rs 65,000. Your net salary is Rs 45,000. You have two young children, aged one month each. Rs 25,500 is tied up in a regular chit, maturing on 05.02.2025.

Understanding Financial Goals
Your main goal is to save for your children’s education. You want the income to be available when they turn 20.

Income Splitting and Investment Strategy
To achieve your goal, a systematic investment approach is crucial. Consider splitting your income as follows:

Essential Expenses: Allocate funds for household and daily expenses.

Emergency Fund: Keep aside money for emergencies, about 3-6 months of expenses.

Investment in SIP: Start a SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) in mutual funds for long-term growth.

Benefits of SIP in Mutual Funds
SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly. It helps in rupee cost averaging and compounding.

Disciplined Savings: SIP ensures regular savings without market timing worries.

Long-Term Growth: Equity mutual funds can offer higher returns over a long period.

Flexibility: SIPs can be started with a small amount and increased over time.

Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Invest in actively managed funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). Actively managed funds have professionals making investment decisions.

Active Management: Professionals actively manage the funds, aiming for better returns.

Research and Analysis: Fund managers conduct thorough research before making investments.

Performance Tracking: Regularly track the performance and make necessary adjustments.

Steps to Start SIP and Mutual Fund Investments
Here’s a step-by-step guide to start investing:

Assess Monthly Savings: After essential expenses and emergency fund, assess how much you can invest.

Select Funds: Choose a mix of equity and debt funds for a balanced portfolio.

Start SIP: Initiate SIP with the chosen mutual funds.

Review and Adjust: Periodically review your investments and adjust if needed.

Planning for Long-Term Goals
Your children’s education is a long-term goal. Starting early gives you the advantage of compounding.

Start Early: Begin investments as early as possible for better growth.

Regular Contributions: Ensure regular contributions to the SIP.

Review Goals: Review your financial goals periodically and adjust investments accordingly.

Evaluating Investment Options
While choosing funds, consider factors such as:

Fund Performance: Look at the past performance of the funds.

Fund Manager: Consider the experience and track record of the fund manager.

Expense Ratio: Lower expense ratios can lead to better net returns.

Final Insights
To achieve your goal, start investing in SIPs and mutual funds. Ensure regular contributions and periodic reviews. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
Dear sir, My husband retaired from tyre factory He earned 1 Lack permonthly. We spend money for children education and we bought one house. Now my husband pension just 4000 and my salary 50k only. My two son are studying. How i will manage current economic situation. After retairement at the age what job he can do? Please give suggestion.
Ans: Current Financial Situation Analysis
Let's assess your current financial situation and explore potential solutions to manage it better.

Income Sources:

Your husband's pension: Rs 4,000
Your salary: Rs 50,000
Major Expenses:

Children's education
Household expenses
Housing costs
It seems that your combined income is Rs 54,000 per month. However, managing with this amount, given your expenses, is challenging.

Immediate Financial Management Steps

Create a detailed budget. Include all expenses: education, groceries, utilities, and housing.
Track spending and identify areas to cut costs.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund. It should cover at least 3-6 months of expenses.
If you don’t have one, start building it slowly by saving a small amount each month.
Debt Management:

Prioritize paying off high-interest debts first.
Avoid taking on new debt if possible.
Increasing Income
Part-Time Jobs:

Your husband can explore part-time or freelance work. Options include consulting, tutoring, or clerical work.
Websites like Freelancer, Upwork, or local classifieds can offer opportunities.
Skill Development:

Invest in courses or training programs to enhance skills.
This can open up new job opportunities with better pay.
Utilize Assets:

If you have assets like property or gold, consider renting out space or selling non-essential items.
Education Planning
Scholarships and Grants:

Look for scholarships and grants for your children’s education. Many organizations offer financial aid based on merit or need.
Research online or consult school advisors for available options.
Education Loans:

Consider taking education loans if necessary. Choose options with favorable interest rates and repayment terms.
Investment Strategy
Mutual Funds:

Invest in mutual funds through a Certified Financial Planner. They provide professional management and diversify risk.
Opt for regular funds rather than direct funds. Regular funds offer professional advice and support from a CFP.
Avoid Real Estate Investment:

Given your current financial situation, avoid investing in real estate. It requires significant capital and is not liquid.
Actively Managed Funds:

Prefer actively managed funds over index funds. Actively managed funds have the potential for higher returns as they are professionally managed to outperform the market.
Long-Term Planning
Retirement Planning:

Ensure you are saving for retirement. Invest in options like PPF or NPS.
Consult a Certified Financial Planner to create a retirement plan tailored to your needs.

Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance coverage.
It protects against unforeseen circumstances and reduces financial burden during emergencies.
Final Insights
Managing your current economic situation requires careful planning and disciplined financial management.

Focus on budgeting, increasing income, and making informed investment choices. Seek scholarships for education and invest in mutual funds with professional guidance.

Your husband can explore part-time job opportunities to supplement the household income.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5187 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 04, 2024Hindi
Dear sir, I am a railway employee, I am covered under NPS Scheme, can I also open a vpf and PPF account simultaneously with my nps savings?
Ans: Assessing the Possibility of Multiple Savings Schemes
You are covered under the NPS Scheme. It's great to see you considering other savings options. Yes, you can open both a VPF and a PPF account simultaneously with your NPS savings.

Benefits of Opening a VPF Account
The Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) is a good option. It offers the same interest rate as the EPF. Contributions are voluntary, and you can choose how much to invest.

Tax Benefits: Contributions to VPF are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.

Risk-Free Returns: The returns are guaranteed and risk-free.

Long-Term Savings: Helps in building a substantial corpus over time.

Benefits of Opening a PPF Account
The Public Provident Fund (PPF) is another excellent option. It is backed by the government, ensuring safety and stable returns.

Tax Benefits: Contributions to PPF are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.

Tax-Free Interest: The interest earned is tax-free.

Long-Term Investment: It has a lock-in period of 15 years, encouraging long-term savings.

Combining NPS with VPF and PPF
Combining NPS, VPF, and PPF can provide a balanced portfolio. Each scheme has its unique benefits. Together, they can help you achieve financial stability and security.

Diversification: Spreading your investments across these schemes reduces risk.

Tax Efficiency: Maximizes your tax benefits under different sections of the Income Tax Act.

Stable Returns: Ensures a mix of market-linked and fixed returns.

Professional Insight on Investment Strategy
It is prudent to diversify your investments. Each of these schemes offers different benefits and serves different financial goals.

Risk Management: NPS provides market-linked returns which can be volatile. VPF and PPF provide stability.

Flexibility: NPS allows partial withdrawals for specific needs. PPF has a lock-in but can be partially withdrawn after 7 years. VPF can be withdrawn under certain conditions.

Retirement Planning: These schemes together can create a substantial retirement corpus.

Additional Considerations
While these schemes offer many benefits, consider your financial goals. Assess your risk appetite and investment horizon.

Regular Monitoring: Keep track of your investments. Adjust them based on your financial goals and market conditions.

Consult a CFP: For a personalized plan, consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can help tailor an investment strategy to meet your specific needs.

Final Insights
Balancing NPS, VPF, and PPF can be a smart move. It provides a diversified portfolio with tax benefits, stability, and growth potential. Regularly review and adjust your investments to ensure they align with your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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