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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5192 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 28, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 28, 2024Hindi


Ans: Financial Planning for a Comfortable Retirement
Thank you for sharing your financial details. You have a solid foundation with significant assets and a fixed deposit. Let’s explore a strategy to ensure you and your wife maintain or improve your lifestyle for the next 20 years, considering inflation and safe investments.

1. Evaluating Your Financial Situation
You have assets worth Rs 15 crore in land and houses. Your wife has a fixed deposit of Rs 1 crore. Your monthly expenses are Rs 1.5 to 2 lakh.

2. Setting Financial Goals
Your goals include maintaining your lifestyle, funding your daughter’s marriage, and ensuring a comfortable retirement.

3. Importance of Health Insurance
First, consider getting comprehensive health insurance for you and your wife. Medical expenses can erode savings, so it’s crucial to have adequate coverage.

4. Secure Investment Options
For safe investments, consider the following:

a. Fixed Deposits and Bonds
Continue with fixed deposits for stable returns. Invest in high-quality bonds for additional safety and fixed income.

b. Senior Citizens' Savings Scheme (SCSS)
SCSS offers good interest rates and is a safe investment option for retirees.

c. Debt Mutual Funds
Invest in debt mutual funds for relatively safe returns. They are less volatile and provide better returns than traditional fixed deposits over the long term.

5. Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs)
Invest a portion in mutual funds and opt for SWPs. This provides regular income and is tax-efficient.

6. Diversified Portfolio
Create a diversified portfolio balancing safety and growth. Allocate assets across fixed deposits, bonds, debt mutual funds, and some equity exposure for growth.

7. Inflation Consideration
Factor in inflation when planning. Your investments should grow faster than the inflation rate to maintain purchasing power.

8. Estate Planning
Ensure proper estate planning. Create a will and consider setting up a trust for seamless asset transfer and management.

With careful planning and prudent investments, you can maintain your lifestyle and ensure financial security. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can help tailor a plan to your specific needs and goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5192 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

I am 45 years my name is U K Singh I have MF of 2000000 and SIP of 6500/ Month PPF Value 1500000 NPS Value 500000 by monthly contribution of 5K FD of 2000000 NSC of 1000000 My wife is also 45 years Her MF Value is of 500000 PPF Value 2100000 NPS Value 500000 by monthly contribution of 5K FD of 500000 3 Plots of 1 Cr My current monthly expenses are 30K. For my son’s medical education from 2029 to 2034 I will need money and for our retirement phase we will need money. Please suggest what we have to do
Ans: Your current investments are well-diversified across various instruments. These include mutual funds (MF), Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Pension System (NPS), Fixed Deposits (FD), and National Savings Certificates (NSC). Additionally, you have significant investments in real estate through plots.

You and your wife both have substantial PPF and NPS investments, which is a good strategy for long-term savings and tax benefits. Your monthly expenses are Rs. 30,000, and you will need funds for your son's medical education from 2029 to 2034 and for your retirement.

Your diversified portfolio shows a good understanding of risk management. The regular contributions to NPS and PPF are commendable as they offer long-term benefits. Your investment discipline is evident from your systematic investment plans (SIPs) and regular savings.

Understanding Your Goals
Let's break down your financial goals into two primary categories:

Funding Your Son's Medical Education (2029-2034)

Retirement Planning

Funding Your Son's Medical Education
Your son's education is a short to medium-term goal. To meet this goal, you need to ensure liquidity and safety of principal.


Continue Your SIPs: Keep your SIPs in mutual funds going. These will help accumulate a significant corpus over time.

Allocate a Separate Fund for Education: Consider creating a separate investment portfolio for your son's education. You could increase your SIP amount or start a new SIP specifically for this goal.

Invest in Debt Funds: Given the shorter time frame, consider debt mutual funds. They offer better returns than FDs and are more tax-efficient.

Recurring Deposits (RDs): RDs can also be considered for medium-term goals. They are safe and offer guaranteed returns.

Partial Withdrawal from PPF: Since your PPF accounts have substantial balances, you can consider partial withdrawals when required. PPF allows withdrawals after the 7th year.

Retirement Planning
Retirement planning is a long-term goal, and you need to ensure a steady income post-retirement.


Increase SIP Contributions: If possible, increase your SIP contributions. Equity mutual funds are suitable for long-term goals due to their potential for higher returns.

Balanced Funds: Consider balanced or hybrid funds. These invest in both equity and debt instruments, providing a balance of growth and safety.

Review NPS Contributions: Your NPS contributions are excellent for retirement planning. Ensure that you and your wife continue contributing Rs. 5,000 monthly.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Post-retirement, use SWP from your mutual funds for regular income. SWPs provide a steady income stream and are tax-efficient.

Health Insurance: Ensure you have adequate health insurance. Medical emergencies can significantly impact your savings.

Evaluation of Current Investments
Mutual Funds (MF):

Your MF investments are Rs. 2,000,000 and Rs. 500,000 respectively. Continue these investments and consider increasing your SIPs if possible.

Your PPF values are Rs. 1,500,000 and Rs. 2,100,000. PPF is an excellent long-term investment. Avoid withdrawing unless necessary.

Both you and your wife have Rs. 500,000 in NPS with monthly contributions of Rs. 5,000. This is a good strategy for retirement savings.
FDs and NSCs:

FDs (Rs. 2,000,000 and Rs. 500,000) and NSCs (Rs. 1,000,000) are safe but offer lower returns. Consider shifting a portion to higher-yielding instruments like debt mutual funds or balanced funds.
Real Estate:

Your three plots valued at Rs. 1 crore are a significant investment. Real estate is illiquid, so avoid relying on it for immediate needs.

We understand the importance of securing your son's future and ensuring a comfortable retirement. Your careful planning and disciplined approach are commendable. Balancing current expenses, future education costs, and retirement savings can be challenging. However, with a structured approach, you can achieve your goals.

Adjusting Your Portfolio
Increase Equity Exposure:

For long-term goals like retirement, increasing equity exposure is advisable. Equity has the potential for higher returns, which can significantly enhance your retirement corpus.
Debt Allocation:

For your son's education, focus more on debt instruments to ensure safety and liquidity. Debt mutual funds, RDs, and PPF withdrawals can be effective.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund equal to 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This fund should be in liquid instruments like savings accounts or liquid mutual funds.
Regular Review and Rebalancing
It's crucial to regularly review your portfolio and make necessary adjustments. Market conditions, interest rates, and personal circumstances change over time. Regular reviews ensure that your investments remain aligned with your goals.

Rebalancing Strategy:

Review your asset allocation annually. If equity markets perform well, your equity allocation may exceed your target. In such cases, consider shifting some funds to debt instruments.
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Avoid Over-Reliance on Fixed Deposits:

While FDs are safe, their returns are often lower than inflation. Over-reliance on FDs can erode your purchasing power over time.
Diversify Within Mutual Funds:

Don't concentrate all your mutual fund investments in one category. Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds.
Avoid High-Cost Insurance Products:

Avoid insurance products with high premiums and low returns. Focus on pure term insurance for adequate coverage and invest the rest in mutual funds.
Tax Planning
Effective tax planning can enhance your returns. Utilize all available tax-saving instruments.

PPF and NPS:

Both PPF and NPS provide tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD respectively. Maximize these contributions for tax savings.
Mutual Funds:

Equity mutual funds held for more than one year qualify for long-term capital gains tax at 10% for gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh.
Health Insurance:

Premiums paid for health insurance qualify for deductions under Section 80D.
Final Insights
Your disciplined approach to savings and investments is praiseworthy. By fine-tuning your portfolio and aligning it with your goals, you can ensure financial security for your family. Focus on increasing your equity exposure for long-term goals and maintaining liquidity for short-term needs. Regular reviews and rebalancing will keep your investments on track.

Planning for your son's education and your retirement simultaneously is challenging but achievable with a structured plan. Continue your disciplined investment approach, and you will be well-prepared for both.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5192 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 07, 2024Hindi
Hi I am 37 year old and wife is 33 yr old with a total earning of 4 lakh/month. We have a housing loan of 1.8cr, MF worth 10 lakh , PPF - 12 lakh , Life insurance - 20 lakh. Every yr we invest 1 lakh on MF , LIC & Insurance. We have 5 yr old daughter. Planning to retire at 55 with net worth of 10Cr & 1.5Cr for child education.
Ans: Comprehensive Financial Plan for Retirement and Child's Education
Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You are 37 years old, and your wife is 33. Together, you have a monthly income of Rs 4 lakh. You have a housing loan of Rs 1.8 crore, mutual funds worth Rs 10 lakh, a PPF of Rs 12 lakh, and life insurance cover of Rs 20 lakh. Annually, you invest Rs 1 lakh in mutual funds, LIC, and insurance. You have a five-year-old daughter and plan to retire at 55 with a net worth of Rs 10 crore and Rs 1.5 crore for your daughter's education.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Retirement Goal
You aim to retire at 55 with a net worth of Rs 10 crore. Considering an inflation rate of 6%, this corpus should be sufficient to support a comfortable lifestyle post-retirement.

Child's Education Goal
You need Rs 1.5 crore for your daughter's higher education. With education costs rising, starting early ensures you achieve this goal without financial strain.

Evaluating Current Investments
Mutual Funds
Your mutual fund portfolio is Rs 10 lakh, with an annual investment of Rs 1 lakh. Mutual funds are crucial for long-term growth due to their compounding benefits.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Your PPF balance is Rs 12 lakh. PPF offers safe, tax-free returns and should continue to be part of your portfolio.

Life Insurance
Your life insurance cover is Rs 20 lakh. Ensure this is adequate to cover any unforeseen events. Term insurance may provide higher coverage at lower premiums.

Analyzing Your Housing Loan
You have a substantial housing loan of Rs 1.8 crore. This loan represents a significant financial commitment. Ensure you manage this loan efficiently to avoid financial strain.

Current loan: Rs 1.8 crore
EMI: Calculate based on the interest rate and tenure to manage monthly cash flow effectively.
Enhancing Your Investment Strategy
Increasing Mutual Fund Investments
Mutual funds should form a significant part of your investment strategy due to their potential for high returns. Increase your annual SIP investments to Rs 5 lakh to build a substantial corpus.

Diversified Portfolio
Equity Mutual Funds: High growth potential; allocate 60% of your mutual fund investments here.
Debt Mutual Funds: Lower risk; allocate 20% for stability.
Hybrid Funds: Combine equity and debt; allocate 20% for balanced growth.
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Increase your SIPs to ensure a disciplined investment approach. A monthly SIP of Rs 40,000 can grow substantially over time.

Calculating Future Value of SIPs
Assuming a 12% annual return, a monthly SIP of Rs 40,000 over 18 years can accumulate a significant amount. Use an SIP calculator for precise future value calculations.

Disadvantages of Index Funds and Direct Funds
Index funds replicate market performance and may lack the potential for higher returns offered by actively managed funds. Direct funds require significant knowledge and time, which may not be suitable for everyone. Investing through a mutual fund distributor ensures professional management.

Utilizing Tax Benefits
Tax-saving Investments
Maximize contributions to tax-saving instruments like PPF, ELSS funds, and NPS. These provide tax deductions under Section 80C and additional benefits under Section 80CCD for NPS.

Efficient Tax Management
Review your investments for tax efficiency. Long-term capital gains on equities are taxed at 10% beyond Rs 1 lakh. Mutual funds provide tax-efficient growth compared to traditional savings.

Insurance Coverage
Adequate Life Insurance
Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage. A term insurance plan provides high coverage at a low premium, securing your family's financial future.

Comprehensive Health Insurance
With a family of three, having comprehensive health insurance is crucial. Ensure your policy covers all family members and has a high sum insured to protect your savings from medical emergencies.

Planning for Child's Education
Child Education Fund
Start a dedicated education fund for your daughter. Invest in child-specific mutual funds or education plans that offer long-term growth. Starting early ensures a substantial corpus for her higher education.

Emergency Fund
Building a Safety Net
Maintain an emergency fund covering at least six months of expenses. This fund protects against unexpected financial challenges. Consider keeping this amount in a high-yield savings account or liquid mutual funds for easy access.

Managing Your Housing Loan
Efficient Loan Repayment
Consider prepaying your housing loan when possible to reduce the interest burden. Evaluate if refinancing options offer lower interest rates, helping manage EMIs effectively.

Retirement Planning
Creating a Retirement Account
Consider opening a retirement-specific account like the National Pension System (NPS). NPS offers tax benefits and helps build a retirement corpus with professional management. Invest regularly in this account for long-term growth.

Pension Plans
Explore pension plans that provide regular income post-retirement. These plans ensure a steady flow of income and financial security during retirement.

Building a Sustainable Retirement Corpus
Calculating Future Value
Using the earlier example, let’s calculate the future value of your current investments.

PPF: Rs 12 lakh + annual investments for 18 years at 7% = significant growth
Mutual Funds: Rs 10 lakh + Rs 40,000 monthly SIP for 18 years at 12% = substantial corpus
Equity Shares: Assuming 10% annual growth
Total estimated corpus needs to be regularly reviewed and adjusted based on market conditions and personal circumstances.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time. Rebalancing ensures your portfolio stays aligned with your goals.

Professional Guidance
Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice. A CFP can help create a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your goals. They offer professional insights and strategies to achieve your retirement and education objectives.

Final Insights
Achieving your retirement goal of Rs 10 crore and Rs 1.5 crore for your daughter's education requires disciplined saving and investing. Regularly review and adjust your financial plan. Focus on long-term growth and tax efficiency. With careful planning, you can retire at 55 with financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5192 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Iam 38 year old govt employee in Jammu. Net Income is 140000/-month I have 2 children's Age 9 yrs and 5 yrs Already have a ???? A car ???? No Bank Loan Iam a NPS subscriber with 17000 contribution per month (my +govt.) Which keep increasing with DA and increment. As on date 17 lakhs is accumulated in NPS. My spouse is also govt employee with 14000 contributions per month ........................ As on date 14 lakhs is accumulated in NPs Both have LIC policy jeevan Labh. (Since2017) *38k premium per annum for 15 years maturity at 21yr /15lakh sum assured *32k premium per annum for 16 years of maturity at 25 yr./25 lakh sum assured We Both are APY subscriber 5000+5000 after 60 yrs. I have started SIP in 03 MF (5k, 2.5 k, 2.5 k) Total 10000.per month for long term.for children education Mirae Assest tax saver fund direct growth 5k Parag parikh .....2.5 k Quant flexi cap ....2.5 k I have a term insurance of 1 cr Health policy of 10 lac ( family floater) invest 150,000/- in stocks which I buy when gets opportunity 10000/month in stocks I am planning for a housing loan at the age of 40 ( both as an investment and tax rebate purpose) As I live in a small town so I don't have a high living cost as in cities. Kindly Guide me if anything I need to do.
Ans: I see you have a well-structured financial situation. Let’s go through your details and provide a comprehensive plan for your financial goals and needs. You are 38 years old, a government employee in Jammu, with a net income of Rs 1,40,000 per month. You have two children, aged 9 and 5, and no bank loans. You and your spouse contribute to the NPS and have LIC policies, SIPs in mutual funds, term insurance, and a health policy. You are also planning for a housing loan. Let’s break this down and see if there are any improvements or adjustments needed.

Current Financial Overview
Income and Expenses
Net Income: Rs 1,40,000 per month
Expenses: Not explicitly stated, but assume moderate living costs due to small-town lifestyle.
Investments and Savings
NPS Contributions: Rs 17,000 per month (self) + Rs 14,000 per month (spouse)
Accumulated NPS: Rs 17 lakhs (self) + Rs 14 lakhs (spouse)
LIC Jeevan Labh Policies: Rs 38,000 per annum and Rs 32,000 per annum
Atal Pension Yojana (APY): Rs 5,000 each per month for both you and your spouse
SIPs in Mutual Funds: Rs 10,000 per month
Term Insurance: Rs 1 crore
Health Insurance: Rs 10 lakh family floater
Stock Investments: Rs 1,50,000 one-time + Rs 10,000 per month
Children’s Education Planning
You have started SIPs in three mutual funds aimed at long-term growth for your children’s education. This is a good strategy. Here are some tips:

Increase SIP Amount: As your income grows, consider increasing the SIP amount to ensure you are on track to meet the rising costs of education.
Review Fund Performance: Periodically review the performance of your funds. Ensure they align with your long-term goals.
Retirement Planning
You and your spouse are contributing to the NPS and APY, which will provide a solid retirement corpus.

NPS Contributions: Your contributions to NPS are substantial and will continue to grow with your DA and increments. Ensure you review your NPS portfolio and consider increasing the equity allocation for higher growth potential, if not already done.
APY: The APY contributions are a good addition to your retirement plan, providing a fixed pension post-60.
Insurance Coverage
Term Insurance: Your term insurance of Rs 1 crore is adequate for now. Ensure it covers your family’s future needs, considering inflation and rising costs.
Health Insurance: The Rs 10 lakh family floater health policy is good. Consider increasing the coverage as healthcare costs are rising rapidly.
LIC Policies
Your LIC Jeevan Labh policies are traditional plans with a mix of insurance and investment. While these provide guaranteed returns, the returns are relatively low compared to other investment options.

Continue with LIC: Since you have already paid premiums for several years, it might be wise to continue to avoid loss of benefits. However, assess if the returns meet your long-term goals.
Investment in Stocks
You have invested Rs 1,50,000 in stocks and are investing Rs 10,000 per month.

Diversify Portfolio: Ensure your stock portfolio is diversified across sectors to minimize risks.
Research and Monitor: Keep researching and monitoring your investments. Consider consulting a certified financial planner for stock investment advice if needed.
Housing Loan Planning
You plan to take a housing loan at age 40 for investment and tax rebate purposes.

Affordability: Ensure the EMI is affordable and doesn’t strain your finances.
Tax Benefits: A housing loan will provide tax benefits under Section 80C and 24(b). Calculate the benefits to see how it impacts your overall tax liability.
Property Selection: Choose a property in a location with good appreciation potential to maximize investment returns.
Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial for financial security.

Fund Size: Ensure you have an emergency fund covering at least 6-12 months of your expenses. Given your income and responsibilities, a larger emergency fund is advisable.
Liquid Assets: Keep the emergency fund in liquid assets like a high-interest savings account or a liquid mutual fund for easy access.
Final Insights
You have a strong financial foundation with diversified investments and savings plans. Here are some additional steps you can take to optimize your financial health:

Regular Reviews: Conduct regular reviews of your financial plan. Adjust your investments and insurance coverage as needed based on changes in your financial situation and goals.
Financial Education: Keep educating yourself about new investment opportunities and financial strategies. Stay updated with market trends and regulatory changes.
Professional Advice: Consider consulting a certified financial planner for personalized advice and to ensure your financial plan is comprehensive and aligned with your goals.
With disciplined savings, strategic investments, and adequate insurance, you can achieve financial security and meet your long-term goals. Keep monitoring and adjusting your plan to stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions
Aasif Ahmed Khan

Aasif Ahmed Khan   |88 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Career Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

My son studying in Dual degree Btech + Mtech ELectrical & Electronics Engineering at JNTU hyderabad and BS in DSA online IITM. He is offered 5 yr mtech CSE at Mahindra University hyd. He is intrested in IT. Looking at his intrest can i change the college now.
Ans: Ultimately, the decision should be based on what aligns best with his interests and career aspirations. If he is passionate about IT and computer science, switching to the MTech CSE program at Mahindra University could be a great move. However, it’s important to weigh all factors and make an informed decision.

Have an open conversation with your son about his interests, career goals, and how he feels about the potential switch.
In addition speak with academic advisors at both JNTU Hyderabad and Mahindra University to understand the curriculum, opportunities, and any potential challenges. you can evaluate Long-Term Goals by Consider the long-term career prospects and how each program aligns with his goals.

If your son is more interested in IT and computer science, the MTech CSE program will be more aligned with his career goals, a specialized degree in CSE can open up more opportunities in the IT sector, including roles in software development, data science, and cybersecurity.

Switching programs and colleges can be challenging and might require some adjustment time. Consider how far along he is in his current dual degree program. If he’s already made significant progress, it might be worth weighing the benefits of completing it versus starting anew.

...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5192 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
I am 30 years now, starting SIP from 2021 Asix small cap 1000, from 2023,November HDFC flexi cap 1500, Kotak emerging mid - 1000 tata small cap 1000 p. m.. As a long term horizon 15:yrs, is it possible to create great wealth, except Stocks...
Ans: Evaluating Your Current Investment Strategy
You are 30 years old and have been investing in SIPs since 2021. Your current SIPs are:

Small Cap Fund: Rs. 1,000 from 2021
Flexi Cap Fund: Rs. 1,500 from November 2023
Mid Cap Fund: Rs. 1,000 from November 2023
Another Small Cap Fund: Rs. 1,000 from November 2023
You have a long-term investment horizon of 15 years.

Potential for Wealth Creation
Investing in mutual funds over a long term can potentially create great wealth.

Compounding Effect: Over 15 years, compounding can significantly grow your investments.

Market Ups and Downs: Long-term investments help you ride out market volatility.

Analyzing Your Investment Choices
Your portfolio focuses on small cap and mid cap funds. These funds are high-risk but offer high returns.

High Growth Potential: Small cap and mid cap funds can outperform large caps in the long term.

Risk Diversification: Including a flexi cap fund helps diversify your investments.

Recommendations for a Balanced Portfolio
To maximize wealth and manage risk, consider further diversification.

Large Cap Funds: Provide stability and steady returns.

Debt Funds: Lower risk and provide regular income, balancing out high-risk investments.

Suggested Monthly SIP Allocation
To balance risk and growth, consider this allocation:

Small Cap Fund: Continue Rs. 1,000
Flexi Cap Fund: Continue Rs. 1,500
Mid Cap Fund: Continue Rs. 1,000
Another Small Cap Fund: Continue Rs. 1,000
Large Cap Fund: Add Rs. 1,500
Debt Fund: Add Rs. 1,000
Benefits of This Diversified Approach
Risk Management: Reduces overall risk by balancing high-risk and low-risk funds.

Stable Returns: Large cap and debt funds provide stability, especially during market downturns.

Growth Potential: Small cap and mid cap funds offer high growth potential over the long term.

Monitoring and Reviewing Your Portfolio
Regularly monitor and review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals.

Periodic Review: Assess fund performance and make necessary adjustments.

Consult a CFP: Seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner for personalized investment strategies.

Additional Considerations
Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund to cover at least 6 months of expenses.

Insurance Coverage: Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance.

Final Insights
Your current SIP strategy is promising for long-term wealth creation. By diversifying further into large cap and debt funds, you can manage risk and ensure steady growth. Regularly review your portfolio and consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5192 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
I am working in a foreign bank 10 years exp with salary of 40k.have two kids.i pay monthly emi for car,rest for savings and expenses.pls suggest how to do investment.0 idea on investment.plz help
Ans: You have a stable salary of Rs 40,000 per month. Here's a quick summary:

Salary: Rs 40,000
EMI: Monthly car loan EMI
Expenses: For family and kids
Savings: Whatever is left after expenses and EMI
You are looking to invest wisely. Let's break it down into simple steps.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Emergency Fund:

First, create an emergency fund.
This should cover 6 months of expenses.
Keep this in a savings account or liquid fund.
Children’s Education:

Start a systematic investment plan (SIP) for each child.
This will help build a corpus for their education.
Retirement Planning:

Aim to save for your retirement.
Start investing in diversified equity mutual funds.
Investment Strategy
Systematic Investment Plans (SIP):

Start SIPs in actively managed mutual funds.
Avoid index funds due to their passive nature.
Actively managed funds can offer better returns with professional management.

Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds.
This will spread risk and improve returns.
Debt Funds:

Allocate some money to debt funds for stability.
They are less volatile and provide steady returns.
Life Insurance:

Ensure you have adequate life insurance.
This protects your family in case of any unforeseen events.
Specific Recommendations
Start with SIPs:

Allocate Rs 5,000 each in large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds.
This ensures diversification and growth.
Emergency Fund:

Set aside Rs 5,000 monthly in a liquid fund.
This builds your emergency fund gradually.
Children’s Education Fund:

Invest Rs 5,000 each in child-specific funds.
This secures their future education needs.
Avoid Direct Funds:

Direct funds lack professional guidance.
Regular funds through an MFD with CFP credential provide better management.
Regular Review and Adjustment
Annual Review:

Review your investments annually.
Adjust based on performance and goals.
Rebalance Portfolio:

Rebalance to maintain desired asset allocation.
This helps manage risk and returns.
Additional Tips
Avoid High-Risk Investments:

Stick to mutual funds and avoid real estate or annuities.
These are more stable and manageable.
Stay Informed:

Read about personal finance and investment strategies.
This helps make informed decisions.
Final Insights
You have a solid start with your savings. By following these steps, you can secure your financial future and achieve your goals. Stay disciplined and regularly review your investments.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

Aasif Ahmed Khan

Aasif Ahmed Khan   |88 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Career Expert - Answered on Jul 24, 2024

Hi, I'm a PCMB student,I got 84023 rank in kcet in engineering section and 49655 in b pharma, 45205 in bsc agriculture, I'm confused whether to take engineering, which are the good colleges for my rank, I'm considering east point college near avalahalli, Hoskote is it good choice for me, or should I choose BCA over engineering in the same college. I'm totally confused
Ans: With a KCET rank of 84023, you might find it challenging to get into the top-tier engineering colleges. However, there are still good options available.

Choosing between BCA and Engineering depends on your interests and career goals:
Engineering: If you have a strong interest in technical subjects and enjoy problem-solving, engineering could be a good fit. It offers diverse career opportunities in various fields like mechanical, electrical, civil, and computer science.
BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications): If you’re more inclined towards computer science and software development, BCA might be a better choice. It focuses on programming, software development, and IT management, leading to careers in software engineering, IT consulting, and more.

Given your ranks in B.Pharm (49655) and B.Sc Agriculture (45205), you might have better opportunities in these fields compared to engineering. Both fields have promising career prospects:
B.Pharm: Careers in pharmaceuticals, research, and healthcare.
B.Sc Agriculture: Opportunities in agribusiness, research, and government sectors.

Reflect on what subjects and career paths excite you the most, if possible, visit the colleges you’re considering to get a better understanding of their environment and facilities. Reach out to alumni or current students to get insights into the college and its programs.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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