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Dev Ashish  |48 Answers  |Ask -

MF Expert, Financial Planner - Answered on Mar 16, 2024

Dev Ashish is a fee-only SEBI-registered investment advisor with over 15 years of active experience in the stock market. In 2011, he founded StableInvestor, a platform for personal finance and financial planning.
He provides professional fee-only investment advisory services to small and high networth individuals in order to help them achieve their financial goals.
Ashish's views are regularly published in national business publications. He has an MBA degree from NMIMS, Mumbai and also holds an engineering degree.... more
gulshan Question by gulshan on Mar 16, 2024Hindi
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I 58 YEARS OLD AND HAVE 2000000/-IN MY SAVING ACCOUNT PLS ADVISE HOW TO MANAGE INVESTMENT AS I DO NOT HAVE ANY LIABILITY

Ans: From the information provided, it is not clear whether you (at age 58) also need to generate income from this Rs 20 lakh surplus in your savings account. If that is the case, then you need to consider a combination of NSC, RBI Floating Rate Bonds, SCSS (if eligible under certain clauses for people over the age of 55) and debt funds. If you don't need this money to generate regular income and instead want to invest it for growth, then you can consider staggering your investment into a few schemes from categories like Largecap Index Funds, Flexicap Funds and Aggressive Hybrid Funds (or Dynamic Allocation Funds). Do not invest the entire lump sum in these in one go. Stagger slowly. Or if you are looking at both income and growth then you can combine both the approaches suggested above.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5260 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 26, 2024

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I am 39 year old also retired from army total monthly income is 97k. My liabilities are car loan-10256 Home loan -24000 Lend money -350000 School and tution fees My investment is Lic -6339/pm PPF 2500/pm Pls suggest for best way to save and invest
Ans: serving in the army is commendable, and it's great that you're thinking about your financial future at 39. Let's break down your situation and explore some options:

Your Income and Expenses:

Monthly income: Rs. 97,000 (healthy!)
Liabilities:
Car loan: Rs. 10,256
Home loan: Rs. 24,000
Loan to others: Rs. 3,50,000 (significant)
School and tuition fees (amount not mentioned)
Existing investments:
LIC (Insurance-cum-investment plan): Rs. 6,339/month
PPF: Rs. 2,500/month (good start!)
Understanding your priorities:

Debt management: Your car loan and home loan EMIs seem manageable. The loan to others requires a plan.
Child's education: Factor in school and tuition fees for future planning.
Emergency fund: It's wise to build an emergency fund for unexpected expenses.
Retirement savings: Consider ways to boost your retirement corpus after army service.
Let's talk about your investments:

LIC (Insurance-cum-investment plan): These plans often have lower returns compared to other investment options. Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to see if surrendering the policy and reinvesting in Mutual Funds could be a better option for your goals.
Here's why Mutual Funds might be a good fit:

Growth potential: Mutual Funds, unlike LICs, can offer the potential for higher returns, which can help you achieve your goals faster.
Diversification: Mutual Funds spread your investment across different companies and sectors, reducing risk.
Professional management: Fund managers actively research and invest your money, aiming to maximize returns.
Here are some next steps to consider:

Talk to a CFP! They can assess your financial situation, risk tolerance, and goals to create a personalized plan.
Review your loan to others: Is there a repayment plan in place? Can you recover some of this amount?
Emergency fund: Aim for 3-6 months of living expenses in an easily accessible savings account.
Increase PPF contribution: Consider increasing your PPF contribution for tax benefits and guaranteed returns.
Start an SIP in Mutual Funds: A Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, building discipline and benefiting from rupee-cost averaging.
Remember:

You've served the country well. Now, focus on building a secure financial future for yourself and your family.
A CFP can guide you through the investment process and help you make informed decisions.
I hope this helps!

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5260 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 04, 2024Hindi
Money
Sir/s, I need financial or investment experts' advise. I am a retired 67 years old male with reasonable good health. My wife is 65 years of age. I have a corpus of 1.2 crores invested mostly in Bank F D's. @ an average interest of 6 to 7 %. I have own home. I also have some agriculture lands that gives us a return of around 2 lakhs per year. The market value of the lands is around 2•5 crores. we do not have any type of life or health insurances. our current life style requires at least Rs 1 lakh a month. I request your advise as to how to manage my money better, the investment strategies I should fallow. I am a risk averse person. Kindly advise..
Ans: First off, I must say you’ve done a great job accumulating a significant corpus and ensuring a stable lifestyle post-retirement. Let’s look into your financial situation and how we can optimize your investment strategy to ensure you continue enjoying a comfortable life.

Current Financial Situation
You are 67 years old and retired, with a corpus of Rs. 1.2 crores invested mostly in Bank FDs at an average interest of 6-7%.

Your wife is 65 years old.

You own your home, which eliminates housing costs.

You have agricultural lands that provide an additional Rs. 2 lakhs per year.

The market value of these lands is around Rs. 2.5 crores.

Your monthly lifestyle expenses are Rs. 1 lakh.

You have no life or health insurance, which is a concern given your age.

Evaluating Your Bank FD Investments
Bank FDs are safe and provide guaranteed returns, which aligns with your risk-averse nature. However, the returns from FDs, averaging 6-7%, might not be sufficient to cover inflation and your monthly expenses in the long term. Considering your need for Rs. 1 lakh per month, let’s assess how to manage and possibly diversify your investments while keeping risk low.

Agricultural Land as a Financial Asset
Your agricultural land provides a yearly return of Rs. 2 lakhs, which helps offset some of your expenses. The market value of Rs. 2.5 crores is substantial, but it is not a liquid asset. If ever there’s a need for a large sum, you might consider selling a portion of it. However, given its income-generating nature, it's best to keep it unless absolutely necessary.

Immediate Needs: Health Insurance
At your age, health insurance is crucial. Medical emergencies can be financially draining. It’s advisable to explore senior citizen health insurance plans. These plans may have higher premiums but are necessary for financial security. Ensure you get a comprehensive plan covering hospitalization, critical illnesses, and post-hospitalization expenses.

Monthly Income Strategy
You need Rs. 1 lakh per month, which is Rs. 12 lakhs annually. Your agricultural land provides Rs. 2 lakhs per year, so you need an additional Rs. 10 lakhs per year from your investments.

Fixed Deposits vs. Other Safe Investment Options
Fixed Deposits are safe but may not always beat inflation. Consider diversifying into other low-risk investment options:

Senior Citizens’ Savings Scheme (SCSS)
SCSS is a government-backed scheme offering higher interest rates than regular FDs, specifically designed for senior citizens. It provides regular income and tax benefits under Section 80C.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS)
POMIS is another safe investment option offering a fixed monthly income. It provides assured returns and can be a good addition to your portfolio.

Debt Mutual Funds
For slightly higher returns, consider debt mutual funds. They invest in fixed income instruments like bonds and are relatively safer than equity funds. They offer better post-tax returns compared to FDs due to indexation benefits.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
A Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from mutual funds can provide regular income while keeping your principal amount invested. You can choose to withdraw a fixed amount regularly, providing you with a steady cash flow.

Creating a Balanced Portfolio
Given your risk aversion, a balanced portfolio with a mix of safe investments is ideal. Here’s a suggested allocation:

Fixed Deposits and SCSS: Continue with FDs but consider moving some funds to SCSS for better returns.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme: Allocate a portion to POMIS for a steady monthly income.

Debt Mutual Funds: Diversify into debt mutual funds for potentially higher post-tax returns.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Consider SWPs from mutual funds to provide a regular income stream.

Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an emergency fund equivalent to at least 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be kept in a liquid form, like a savings account or a liquid mutual fund, to be easily accessible during emergencies.

Reviewing Expenses
Your monthly expense requirement is Rs. 1 lakh. Regularly review your expenses to ensure they are aligned with your income. If possible, identify areas where costs can be reduced without affecting your lifestyle significantly.

Avoiding High-Risk Investments
Given your risk aversion, avoid high-risk investments like equities or real estate. Stick to safe, government-backed schemes and low-risk debt instruments.

Importance of Regular Reviews
Regularly reviewing your financial plan is crucial. Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time. Schedule periodic reviews with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to ensure your investments are on track and make necessary adjustments.

Final Insights
You’ve built a strong financial base with your corpus and assets. With strategic planning and diversification, you can ensure a steady income stream and financial security. Prioritize health insurance, diversify your investments into safe options, and keep a close eye on your expenses.

By implementing these strategies, you can continue enjoying a comfortable and secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5260 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 05, 2024Hindi
Money
I am 53 yrs and having a monthly salary of 1lakh , having a SIP of 70000 per month and having a pf of 6 lakh How I can plan my investment
Ans: Financial Planning for a 53-Year-Old: An In-Depth Guide
Planning your investments at 53 requires a strategic approach. Your monthly salary is Rs 1 lakh, and you have an impressive SIP of Rs 70,000 per month. Additionally, you have a provident fund (PF) of Rs 6 lakh. With careful planning, you can ensure a secure financial future.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
First, let's review your current financial situation. Your income and investments are crucial for future planning.

Monthly Salary: Rs 1 lakh

Your monthly income is a significant factor in your financial planning. It forms the basis for your savings, investments, and expenses.

SIP: Rs 70,000 per month

Your SIP investment shows a strong commitment to long-term wealth creation. SIPs are a disciplined way to invest, averaging out market volatility. With such a substantial monthly investment, you have the potential to accumulate significant wealth over time.

Provident Fund: Rs 6 lakh

Your PF balance of Rs 6 lakh is an essential part of your retirement corpus. Provident funds offer a secure and tax-efficient way to save for retirement.

Establishing Financial Goals
Define clear financial goals. Consider short-term, medium-term, and long-term objectives.

Short-Term Goals: Emergency fund, home renovations, vacations.

Short-term goals are those that you aim to achieve within the next few years. These goals typically require relatively smaller amounts of money and can be funded through regular savings or short-term investments.

Medium-Term Goals: Children’s education, marriage expenses.

Medium-term goals typically have a time horizon of 5-10 years. These goals require more significant financial planning and may involve investments in instruments with moderate risk levels.

Long-Term Goals: Retirement planning, health care needs.

Long-term goals are those that you aim to achieve over a longer time horizon, typically 10 years or more. These goals require careful planning and disciplined investing to ensure that you accumulate the necessary corpus by the time you need it.

Each goal requires different strategies. Aligning your investments with these goals will provide direction.

Building an Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is essential. It provides a safety net during unexpected situations.

Recommendation: Save 6-12 months of expenses.

Strategy: Keep this fund in a savings account or liquid funds for easy access.

An emergency fund acts as a financial cushion during unforeseen events such as job loss, medical emergencies, or major repairs. By setting aside a portion of your income in a liquid account, you can ensure that you are prepared to handle any financial emergencies without having to dip into your long-term investments.

Reviewing Your Provident Fund
Your PF of Rs 6 lakh is a significant amount. It provides financial security and helps in retirement planning.

Consideration: Avoid withdrawing PF unless necessary. PF accumulates interest over time, providing substantial benefits.

Provident funds are one of the most popular retirement savings options in India due to their tax benefits and guaranteed returns. By contributing regularly to your PF and letting it grow over time, you can build a substantial corpus for your retirement years.

Evaluating Your SIP Investments
You are investing Rs 70,000 per month in SIPs. SIPs are excellent for rupee cost averaging and long-term growth.

Recommendation: Ensure your SIPs are diversified across various sectors and market capitalizations.

Strategy: Regularly review and rebalance your SIP portfolio to align with your risk tolerance and goals.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are a popular investment option for retail investors due to their simplicity and affordability. By investing a fixed amount regularly in mutual funds, you can benefit from the power of compounding and rupee cost averaging, which can help you accumulate wealth over the long term.

Importance of Diversification
Diversification reduces risk and enhances returns. Invest in a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds.

Equity Funds: High growth potential, suitable for long-term goals.

Debt Funds: Stability and lower risk, ideal for short to medium-term goals.

Hybrid Funds: Balanced approach, combining equity and debt.

Diversification is a fundamental principle of investing that aims to spread your investment risk across different asset classes and sectors. By diversifying your investment portfolio, you can reduce the impact of any single investment's poor performance on your overall portfolio returns.

Retirement Planning
Retirement planning is crucial at this stage. You need to ensure a comfortable and secure retirement.

Estimation: Calculate the corpus required for retirement considering inflation and lifestyle.

Investment Strategy: Increase contributions to your retirement fund. Consider equity and hybrid funds for higher growth.

Retirement planning involves estimating the amount of money you will need to maintain your desired standard of living after you retire and then working backward to determine how much you need to save each month to achieve that goal. By starting early and investing regularly in retirement-oriented investment vehicles, you can build a substantial corpus for your golden years.

Health Care Planning
Healthcare costs can be substantial in retirement. Plan for medical emergencies and regular health expenses.

Health Insurance: Ensure adequate health insurance coverage. Consider a higher sum insured with critical illness coverage.

Health Savings Fund: Create a separate fund for medical expenses. Use debt funds or fixed deposits for this purpose.

Healthcare planning is an essential aspect of financial planning, especially as you age and your healthcare needs increase. By investing in a comprehensive health insurance policy and setting aside funds for medical emergencies, you can ensure that you are prepared to meet any healthcare expenses that may arise in the future without putting a strain on your finances.

Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning can save a significant amount of money. Utilize tax-saving instruments to reduce your tax liability.

Section 80C: Invest in ELSS, PPF, or NSC to claim deductions up to Rs 1.5 lakh.

Section 80D: Avail tax benefits on health insurance premiums for yourself and family.

Tax planning is an integral part of financial planning and involves structuring your finances in a way that minimizes your tax liability while maximizing your post-tax returns. By taking advantage of various tax-saving instruments and deductions available under the Income Tax Act, you can reduce your tax burden and increase your disposable income.

Reviewing Insurance Policies
Evaluate your existing insurance policies. Ensure they provide adequate coverage.

Life Insurance: Check if the sum assured is sufficient to cover your family’s needs.

ULIPs and Endowment Policies: Consider surrendering these policies if they are not performing well. Reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds for better returns.

Insurance planning is an essential component of financial planning and involves assessing your insurance needs and ensuring that you have adequate coverage to protect yourself and your loved ones against unforeseen events. By reviewing your existing insurance policies periodically and making necessary adjustments, you can ensure that you are adequately covered and that your insurance portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Avoid index funds and direct funds. Actively managed funds, through a Certified Financial Planner, offer several benefits.

Professional Management: Experienced fund managers make informed decisions.

Higher Returns: Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform the market.

Regular Monitoring: Regular reviews and adjustments ensure alignment with financial goals.

Actively managed funds are mutual funds in which fund managers actively make investment decisions with the aim of outperforming the market and generating higher returns for investors. By investing in actively managed funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), you can benefit from professional management and expertise. Certified Financial Planners are trained professionals who can help you navigate the complexities of the financial markets and make informed investment decisions that align with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Creating a Withdrawal Strategy
A well-planned withdrawal strategy ensures you don’t outlive your savings.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Use SWPs in mutual funds to create a regular income stream during retirement.

Staggered Withdrawals: Avoid withdrawing large amounts at once to reduce tax liability and maintain growth potential.

Creating a withdrawal strategy is essential to ensure that you can sustain your lifestyle in retirement without depleting your savings too quickly. By implementing a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) in mutual funds or staggering your withdrawals over time, you can generate a steady income stream while preserving the principal amount for future growth.

Estate Planning
Estate planning ensures your assets are distributed according to your wishes.

Will: Draft a will to specify how your assets should be distributed.

Nominees: Ensure all investments and accounts have updated nominee details.

Trust: Consider setting up a trust for more complex estate planning needs.

Estate planning is the process of arranging for the transfer of your assets to your heirs or beneficiaries after your death. By creating a will, designating nominees for your investments and accounts, and setting up trusts for more complex estate planning needs, you can ensure that your assets are distributed according to your wishes and that your loved ones are provided for after you're gone.

Continuous Monitoring and Review
Regularly monitor and review your financial plan. Adjust strategies as needed to stay on track with your goals.

Annual Review: Conduct a thorough review of your financial plan at least once a year.

Life Changes: Update your plan for any significant life changes such as marriage, birth, or change in employment.

Continuous monitoring and review of your financial plan are essential to ensure that it remains aligned with your goals and objectives. By conducting an annual review and updating your plan for any significant life changes, you can make necessary adjustments to your investment portfolio and financial strategy to adapt to changing circumstances and stay on track towards achieving your long-term financial goals.

Conclusion
In conclusion, planning your investments at 53 is crucial for a secure future. Your current SIPs, provident fund, and monthly salary form a strong foundation for your financial plan. By diversifying your investments, planning for retirement and healthcare, and making informed decisions with the help of a Certified Financial Planner, you can achieve your financial goals and enjoy a comfortable and secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5260 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 10, 2024

Money
I have 18 lacs rupees and my age is 63. I want safe investment with yearly 15% per annum. So how to manage this amount
Ans: It’s great that you are looking to manage your funds wisely. Let’s explore the best strategies to achieve your goal.

Understanding Your Situation
You have Rs 18 lakhs and you are 63 years old. You want a safe investment with a yearly return of 15%. While aiming for high returns is commendable, it's important to understand that higher returns typically come with higher risks. At your age, safety and capital preservation are crucial.

Evaluating Investment Options
We’ll explore different investment options that can provide a balance between safety and potential returns. Since you are looking for safe investments, we need to manage expectations realistically.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a good option for diversified investment. There are various categories:

Equity Funds: High returns but high risk. Not the safest option at your age.
Debt Funds: Safer than equity funds, invest in bonds and government securities.
Balanced Funds: Mix of equity and debt. Moderate risk and returns.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
With mutual funds, you can use a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) to get regular income. SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount periodically, providing a steady income stream.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs are one of the safest investment options. The returns are guaranteed but lower than 15%. However, they provide capital protection.

Power of Compounding in Mutual Funds
Investing in mutual funds leverages the power of compounding. Compounding means earning returns on your returns, leading to exponential growth over time.

Long-Term Growth
Equity mutual funds can provide significant growth in the long term, despite market volatility. This can be part of a diversified portfolio.

Risk Assessment and Management
Understanding and managing risk is crucial, especially at your age. Diversification and regular monitoring help mitigate risks.

Diversification
Spread your investments across different asset classes to balance risk and return. Diversification reduces the impact of poor performance in one asset class.

Regular Monitoring
Review your portfolio regularly to ensure it aligns with your goals and market conditions. Adjustments may be necessary to stay on track.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have professional fund managers who make investment decisions to outperform the market.

Professional Management
Expert fund managers analyze market trends and make informed investment choices, aiming for higher returns.

Flexibility and Adaptability
Actively managed funds can quickly adapt to market changes, which can help in mitigating risks and capturing opportunities.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds track a market index and are passively managed. They have lower fees but may not provide the best returns.

Market Dependence
Index funds' performance is tied to the market index. They don’t aim to outperform the market, limiting potential returns.

Lack of Flexibility
Index funds cannot adapt to market changes quickly. They are less flexible compared to actively managed funds.

Importance of a Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help you create a tailored investment strategy considering your age, risk tolerance, and financial goals.

Personalized Advice
CFPs provide advice tailored to your specific needs and circumstances. They help you make informed investment decisions.

Long-Term Planning
A CFP assists in creating a long-term financial plan, ensuring you have sufficient funds throughout your retirement.

Evaluating LIC and ULIP Policies
If you hold LIC or ULIP policies, assess their returns. These policies often provide lower returns compared to mutual funds.

Surrender and Reinvest
Consider surrendering low-yield LIC or ULIP policies and reinvesting the proceeds in mutual funds. This can enhance your overall returns.

Tax Efficiency
Investing in tax-efficient instruments can maximize your returns. Mutual funds, especially Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS), offer tax benefits.

ELSS for Tax Savings
ELSS funds provide tax benefits under Section 80C and also offer equity exposure for growth. They have a lock-in period of three years.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses. This can be in a liquid fund or a savings account for easy access.

Safety Net
An emergency fund ensures you don’t have to liquidate long-term investments in case of unexpected expenses.

Setting Realistic Expectations
Aiming for a 15% return per annum is ambitious, especially with a focus on safety. It's important to set realistic expectations.

Balancing Safety and Returns
Focus on a balanced approach that ensures capital preservation while aiming for moderate growth. This reduces risk while providing reasonable returns.

Final Insights
Investing at 63 requires a careful balance between safety and growth. Mutual funds, especially balanced and debt funds, offer a good mix of stability and returns. Diversification and regular portfolio reviews are crucial.

Remember, the key is to maintain a diversified portfolio that aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Consult with a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and to ensure your investments are well-managed.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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