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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi

I am a 53 year old single woman. I have my own residence where there is a monthly payout of 10k . I have 58 lakh in mf, 22 lakh in ppf, 13 lakh in pf , fd of 20 lakh , 48 lakh in equity plus another house worth 1.5 crore( which i am planning to sell off)..plus another 20 lakh in other investments. I dont have any dependents or any pending emi. Am I financially retirement ready? If not how much more should be my monthly investment so that i can retire by 58

Ans: Retirement Planning Assessment for a 53-Year-Old Single Woman

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Your financial situation appears well-structured. You have a mix of investments in mutual funds (MFs), public provident fund (PPF), provident fund (PF), fixed deposits (FDs), equity, and other investments. Additionally, you own two properties, with one generating a monthly rental income of Rs 10,000 and the other valued at Rs 1.5 crore, which you are considering selling.

Your Current Assets Breakdown
Mutual Funds (MFs): Rs 58 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 22 lakh
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 13 lakh
Fixed Deposits (FDs): Rs 20 lakh
Equity Investments: Rs 48 lakh
Other Investments: Rs 20 lakh
Property 1 (generating rental income): Rs 10,000 per month
Property 2 (to be sold): Rs 1.5 crore
Assessing Your Retirement Readiness
At 53, with five years until your target retirement age of 58, it is crucial to evaluate if your current assets can sustain your lifestyle throughout retirement.

Income Generation Post-Retirement
Post-retirement, it is essential to ensure you have a steady stream of income. Your assets must generate enough returns to cover your living expenses. Given that you don't have dependents or any EMIs, your primary focus should be on maintaining a comfortable lifestyle and managing healthcare expenses.

Investment Analysis
Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a significant part of your portfolio. They offer the potential for higher returns compared to traditional savings instruments. Actively managed funds can outperform the market if managed by skilled fund managers.

Public Provident Fund (PPF) and Provident Fund (PF)
Both PPF and PF are excellent for long-term savings due to their guaranteed returns and tax benefits. These instruments provide financial security and are low-risk investments.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs are safe but offer lower returns compared to equity and mutual funds. They are good for preserving capital but may not beat inflation in the long run.

Equity Investments
Equity investments have high growth potential. However, they come with higher risk. Diversifying within equity can help manage this risk and ensure growth.

Property Investments
Selling your second property, valued at Rs 1.5 crore, can significantly boost your retirement corpus. It is wise to reallocate this large sum into diversified investments to balance growth and safety.

Evaluating Your Monthly Expenses
Assuming your monthly expenses are Rs 50,000, your annual expenses amount to Rs 6 lakh. Post-retirement, you may need a larger corpus to account for inflation, unexpected expenses, and healthcare costs.

Projecting Your Retirement Corpus Needs
If we consider you need Rs 6 lakh annually and assuming a post-retirement life of 25 years, you would need at least Rs 1.5 crore, adjusting for inflation and ensuring a comfortable lifestyle.

Gap Analysis
Let's calculate if your current assets, plus potential returns and new investments, will meet your retirement goals.

Your Current Total Assets
Mutual Funds (MFs): Rs 58 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 22 lakh
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 13 lakh
Fixed Deposits (FDs): Rs 20 lakh
Equity Investments: Rs 48 lakh
Other Investments: Rs 20 lakh
Sale of Property: Rs 1.5 crore
Total = Rs 3.31 crore

Projecting Returns and Expenses
Assuming a conservative average annual return of 8% across your portfolio, your corpus of Rs 3.31 crore could grow significantly over the next five years.

Adjusting for Inflation
Considering an inflation rate of 6%, your expenses may double in about 12 years. Thus, your retirement corpus should ideally grow faster than inflation.

Calculating Additional Monthly Investments
To achieve your retirement corpus goal comfortably, it is prudent to increase your investments. Assuming you need an additional Rs 50 lakh to feel financially secure, here's how you can achieve it in the next five years:

Monthly Investment:
To accumulate Rs 50 lakh in five years with an 8% annual return, you need to invest around Rs 65,000 per month.
Recommendations for Investment Strategy
Diversify and Rebalance
To ensure you meet your retirement goals, diversify your investments across various asset classes. Regularly rebalance your portfolio to align with your risk tolerance and market conditions.

Invest in Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can offer higher returns compared to index funds, especially in a dynamic market. Skilled fund managers can adjust the portfolio based on market trends and opportunities.

Avoid Direct Funds
While direct funds have lower expense ratios, they require active management and market expertise. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner ensures professional management and guidance.

Selling the Second Property
Reinvest the proceeds from selling your second property. Diversify into a mix of mutual funds, debt instruments, and other suitable investment options to balance risk and returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be liquid and easily accessible, kept in savings accounts or short-term FDs.

Health Insurance
Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance to cover medical expenses. As you age, healthcare costs can increase significantly.

Final Insights
Your current financial position is strong, but to ensure a comfortable and worry-free retirement, consider increasing your monthly investments. Selling your second property and reinvesting the proceeds wisely will bolster your retirement corpus. Diversifying your investments and focusing on actively managed funds will help achieve better returns.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 26, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 26, 2024Hindi
I am 53 years old. I have fd of 20 lakh, pf of 15 lakhs, ppf of 15 lakhs, stock of 55 lakh, mf of 50 lakh. I invest in 5 lakh yearly in a ulip scheme, 3 lakh yearly in lic pension fund and do sip of 35000 across different mf. Am i retirement ready? I am a single person. I have no dependents. After retirement i will need sbout 80000 pm and will need 7 lakh per year for travelling.please advise
Ans: Given your diversified investment portfolio and diligent savings habits, you're certainly on the right track towards a comfortable retirement. However, let's delve deeper into your financial landscape to assess your readiness.

Your FDs, PF, PPF, stocks, and mutual funds collectively form a robust foundation for retirement. Your annual contributions to ULIP and LIC pension fund further bolster your retirement corpus. However, to ensure your desired lifestyle post-retirement, it's crucial to evaluate if your current investments align with your retirement income needs.

Considering your annual expenses post-retirement, including living expenses and travel aspirations, it's prudent to analyze if your existing investments can generate sufficient income. Additionally, factoring in inflation and potential healthcare expenses is paramount.

As a single individual with no dependents, your retirement planning focuses solely on your own needs and aspirations. While your investment portfolio appears substantial, a detailed retirement income projection would provide clarity on whether it adequately meets your desired lifestyle post-retirement.

As a Certified Financial Planner, I recommend conducting a comprehensive retirement planning analysis to ensure your financial goals are met with confidence and peace of mind. Together, let's fine-tune your retirement strategy to ensure a fulfilling and financially secure future.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 01, 2024Hindi
I am a 42 Years old Private Sector Banker. My monthly net take home salary is 2 L. I have investments in equity and MF of 1 Cr. I am investing 12 L per annum in SIPs, PF, NPS and SGB. I want to retire at the Age of 50 Years with monthly income of 2 L. Am I on the right track with my Savings and investment. I have a Health Cover of 20 L, plus a self owned house.
Ans: It's evident you're diligently planning for your future, and it's admirable. Let's delve into your current financial standing and retirement aspirations.

Your monthly net take-home salary of 2 lakhs and investments totaling 1 crore in equity and mutual funds demonstrate a robust financial foundation. However, achieving a monthly retirement income of 2 lakhs by age 50 requires careful assessment and planning.

Your annual investment of 12 lakhs in SIPs, PF, NPS, and SGB reflects a disciplined approach to wealth accumulation. SIPs offer the benefit of rupee cost averaging, while PF and NPS provide long-term stability and tax benefits. Sovereign Gold Bonds diversify your portfolio, adding a hedge against inflation.

Your health cover of 20 lakhs is commendable, ensuring financial security in case of medical emergencies. Additionally, owning a house provides stability and potential rental income post-retirement.

However, retiring at 50 with a monthly income of 2 lakhs warrants a detailed retirement plan. Consider factors such as inflation, lifestyle expenses, and post-retirement healthcare costs. Assess if your current investments align with your retirement goals and if adjustments are necessary.

Engaging with a Certified Financial Planner can offer personalized guidance tailored to your specific needs and aspirations. They can conduct a comprehensive analysis of your finances, identify potential gaps, and recommend strategies to bridge them.

In conclusion, while your savings and investments showcase prudence and foresight, ensuring alignment with your retirement objectives is crucial. With careful planning and periodic reviews, you can enhance the likelihood of realizing your retirement dreams.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 23, 2024Hindi
I am 54 year old single lady. Have no loan or liability. I have one house to stay. My current investments are Ppf 22 lakh Pf 15 lakh Equity 48 lakh Mf 58 lakh Fd 22 lakh Lic 12 lakh Ulip 20 lakh Am i financially ready to retire As of now i save and invest almist a lakh per month
Ans: You are a 54-year-old single lady with no loans or liabilities. You own a house, which is great. Your current investments are diversified across different asset classes, which is excellent. Let’s break down your investments:

PPF: Rs. 22 lakh

PF: Rs. 15 lakh

Equity: Rs. 48 lakh

Mutual Funds: Rs. 58 lakh

Fixed Deposits: Rs. 22 lakh

LIC: Rs. 12 lakh

ULIP: Rs. 20 lakh

You also save and invest nearly Rs. 1 lakh per month. This disciplined approach is commendable and sets a strong foundation for your retirement planning.

Assessing Your Monthly Expenses

Knowing your monthly expenses is crucial. Let’s assume your monthly expenses are Rs. 50,000. This includes all your living costs, healthcare, and leisure activities. Planning for retirement means ensuring that you have enough to cover these expenses for the rest of your life.

Evaluating Your Current Investments

You have a diversified portfolio, which is excellent. Diversification reduces risk and can lead to more stable returns over time. Let’s examine each component of your portfolio:

PPF and PF

Your PPF and PF investments total Rs. 37 lakh. These are safe investments with decent returns. They also offer tax benefits. Keep contributing to these as long as possible.

Equity and Mutual Funds

You have Rs. 48 lakh in equities and Rs. 58 lakh in mutual funds. This is a significant portion of your portfolio. Equities can offer high returns but come with higher risk. Mutual funds, especially those managed by professionals, can balance this risk.

Fixed Deposits

You have Rs. 22 lakh in fixed deposits. These are safe but offer lower returns compared to equities and mutual funds. Ensure these deposits are spread across different maturities to manage interest rate risk.

Insurance Policies

You have Rs. 12 lakh in LIC and Rs. 20 lakh in ULIP. These products combine insurance with investment. However, they often have high costs and lower returns compared to mutual funds. Consider surrendering these policies and reinvesting in mutual funds for better returns.

Healthcare and Emergency Funds

Healthcare costs increase with age. Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance. Also, maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses. This fund should cover at least 6-12 months of your living expenses.

Pension or Regular Income

You need a steady income stream in retirement. This can come from pensions, rental income, or systematic withdrawals from your investments. Plan for a mix of income sources to ensure stability.

Calculating Retirement Corpus

Your retirement corpus should cover your expenses for the rest of your life. Let’s assume you need Rs. 50,000 per month for the next 30 years. This means you need a substantial corpus to ensure financial stability.

Role of Inflation

Inflation reduces purchasing power over time. Plan for rising expenses by investing in assets that grow with inflation. Equities and mutual funds are good options for this purpose.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds are managed by professionals aiming to outperform the market. They can offer higher returns compared to index funds, which simply track the market. This makes them a good option for retirement planning.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds follow the market index and cannot outperform it. They lack the strategic approach of actively managed funds. Actively managed funds can adapt to market changes and provide better returns.

Risks of Direct Funds

Direct funds require you to manage investments yourself. This needs time, knowledge, and experience. Without proper expertise, you might make poor investment choices. Investing through a CFP ensures professional management and better results.

Creating a Diversified Portfolio

A diversified portfolio spreads risk and can lead to stable returns. Consider a mix of equities, mutual funds, fixed deposits, and other financial instruments. This balance helps in managing market volatility and achieving consistent growth.

Balancing Risk and Return

Your investments should balance risk and return. Higher returns often come with higher risks. Align your investment strategy with your risk tolerance and financial goals. A CFP can help in creating this balance.

Regular Review and Rebalancing

Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals. Rebalancing helps in adjusting investments according to market changes. This keeps your portfolio healthy and on track.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)

An SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments regularly. This provides a steady income stream, ideal for retirees.

How SWP Works

In an SWP, you invest a lump sum in a mutual fund. You then set up a plan to withdraw a fixed amount at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, etc.). The remaining investment continues to grow, providing a balance of income and capital appreciation.

Benefits of SWP

SWP offers several benefits:

Regular Income: Provides a steady income stream to meet monthly expenses.

Tax Efficiency: Withdrawals are treated as redemptions. Only the gains portion is taxed, not the principal amount.

Capital Appreciation: Remaining investment continues to grow, ensuring financial stability.

Flexibility: You can start, stop, or modify SWP as per your financial needs.

Implementing SWP in Your Portfolio

Given your investments, SWP can be a part of your retirement strategy. Here’s how you can implement it:

Select Suitable Mutual Funds: Choose funds that align with your risk tolerance and investment goals. Actively managed funds are a good option.

Decide Withdrawal Amount: Determine the monthly amount you need. For instance, Rs. 50,000 per month.

Set Up SWP: Contact your fund house or CFP to set up the SWP. Ensure it starts when you retire.

Monitor and Adjust: Regularly review your SWP. Adjust the withdrawal amount or fund allocation as needed.

Building a Retirement Corpus

Your savings and investments should create a retirement corpus. This corpus should be sufficient to cover your post-retirement life. Consider future expenses, inflation, and healthcare costs while building this corpus.

Emergency Fund Allocation

Allocate a part of your savings to an emergency fund. This fund should cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. It provides financial security during unforeseen events.

Healthcare and Insurance Planning

Ensure comprehensive health insurance. It should cover you adequately. Also, consider long-term care insurance. This covers expenses in case of prolonged illness or disability.

Creating a Financial Plan

A financial plan outlines your financial goals, income, expenses, and investments. It acts as a roadmap for achieving financial security. A CFP can help in creating and managing this plan.

Retirement Planning

Plan your retirement thoroughly. Consider your desired lifestyle, expenses, and healthcare needs. Ensure that your pension and savings cover these aspects. Regular reviews and adjustments keep your retirement plan on track.

Lifestyle Considerations

Your lifestyle affects your retirement plan. Factor in your hobbies, travel plans, and other activities. Ensure that your financial plan supports your desired lifestyle without compromising on essentials.

Debt Management

If you have any debts, plan to repay them before retirement. Debt-free retirement ensures financial freedom and reduces stress. Prioritize high-interest debts and create a repayment plan.

Tax Planning

Effective tax planning reduces your tax burden. Invest in tax-saving instruments and plan your withdrawals wisely. A CFP can guide you in maximizing tax benefits and minimizing liabilities.

Legacy Planning

Legacy planning ensures that your assets are passed on to your heirs smoothly. Create a will and plan for estate management. This avoids legal hassles and ensures your wishes are respected.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Plan

Regular monitoring of your financial plan is crucial. It helps in identifying any deviations and making necessary adjustments. This ensures that your financial goals remain on track.

Retirement Lifestyle Adjustments

Be prepared to adjust your lifestyle if needed. If your expenses rise significantly, you may need to cut back on non-essential spending. This ensures that your financial plan remains sustainable.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner

A CFP offers expert guidance in financial planning. They help in creating a balanced portfolio, managing risks, and achieving financial goals. Their professional advice ensures financial security and growth.

Benefits of Professional Financial Planning

Professional financial planning offers several benefits. It provides a structured approach to managing finances. It helps in achieving financial goals, managing risks, and ensuring long-term financial security.

Creating a Financial Safety Net

A financial safety net provides security against unforeseen events. It includes emergency funds, insurance, and diversified investments. This safety net protects your finances and provides peace of mind.

Retirement Income Strategies

Your retirement income should come from multiple sources. This includes pension, savings, and investments. Diversified income sources provide financial stability and security.

Adapting to Market Changes

Market changes affect your investments. Stay informed and be ready to adapt your investment strategy. Regular reviews and adjustments help in managing market volatility.

Managing Longevity Risk

Longevity risk is the risk of outliving your savings. Plan your finances to cover a longer life expectancy. This includes considering healthcare costs and inflation.

Ensuring Financial Independence

Financial independence means having enough income to cover your expenses without relying on others. Plan your finances to ensure independence throughout your retirement.

Balancing Present and Future Needs

Balancing present and future needs is crucial in financial planning. Ensure that your current lifestyle does not compromise your future financial security. Create a plan that supports both present and future needs.

Final Insights

You have done an excellent job with your investments. However, careful planning is essential for a secure retirement. Diversify your investments, seek professional advice from a CFP, and ensure that your financial plan covers all aspects of retirement. Incorporating an SWP into your retirement strategy can provide a steady income stream. With the right strategy, you can enjoy a comfortable and financially secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

I am looking for best Mutual Funds monthly SIP around 1000 to 2000 per month for my 2 children age 10 and 12 years, for at least 10 years. i request to you give me best mutual funds next 10 years. its very well growth every year. mutual funds not one i ready to investment in 2 or 3 mutual funds.
Ans: Investing in your children's future is a great step. Let's explore the best mutual funds for a SIP of Rs 1,000 to Rs 2,000 per month for at least 10 years.

Choose Diversified Equity Funds

Diversified equity funds can provide good growth. They invest across various sectors, reducing risk.

Opt for Flexi-cap Funds

Flexi-cap funds can invest in large, mid, and small-cap stocks. This flexibility can offer better returns over time.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds have expert fund managers. They can adapt strategies to market conditions, aiming for higher returns.

Balanced Advantage Funds

Balanced advantage funds invest in both equity and debt. They balance risk and reward, suitable for long-term goals.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Starting a SIP helps in averaging the purchase cost. It reduces the impact of market volatility.

Consider Child-specific Funds

Some funds are tailored for children's future needs. They often have a mix of equity and debt for balanced growth.

Professional Guidance

Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide a tailored plan based on your financial goals.

Review and Adjust

Regularly review your investments. Adjust if needed to stay aligned with your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

I am 61 years and retired from central government. Getting 48000 and 30000 as pension and rent. All my retirement benefits are exhausted on building of house and education loan. I need 5000000 fifty lakhs in seven years. What i should do. This amoint to be given to my son and what way i accummulate.
Ans: I appreciate your commitment to helping your son. Let's explore ways to accumulate Rs 50 lakhs in seven years.

Evaluate Current Income and Expenses

Track your monthly income of Rs 78,000. Prioritise your essential expenses and find areas to save.

Create an Investment Plan

Consider investing in mutual funds. Actively managed funds often outperform index funds, especially in volatile markets.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds are handled by expert fund managers. They can adapt strategies based on market conditions.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Start a SIP to invest regularly. This helps in averaging costs and reduces market risk.

Consider Balanced Funds

Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt. This provides growth and stability.

Emergency Fund

Set aside a small amount each month for emergencies. This ensures financial security without touching investments.

Avoid Real Estate and Annuities

Real estate can be illiquid and risky. Annuities often have high fees and low returns.

Seek Professional Advice

Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can tailor a plan to help you achieve your goal.

Stay Committed and Review Regularly

Monitor your investments and make adjustments if needed. Stay focused on your goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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