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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 04, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 31, 2024Hindi

I am 48 yrs old. My take home salary is 195000 p/m. I have a PPF corpus of 20 lakhs maturing in 2026(I make minimum contribution of Rs500/year). The present valuation of my mutual fund kitty is 53 lakhs(23.5 lakhs original investment). I am continuing with monthly SIP of 50k. I have one house worth 1.2cr for which 8 lakh more is reqd which I have kept aside. The house that I live in is worth 2.5cr for which I am paying an EMI of 93k. 14 yrs of loan repayment is left with outstanding of 89lakhs. I have been making min 50k investment in NPS since it's inception. My EPF contribution is 8.5k/month with 3 lakhs in kitty. I have 24 lakhs of health insurance and 1.5cr term insurance. Apart from that I have 3 LIC policies out which I will be getting around 15lakhs between 2029 n 2034. I have a son 16yrs old whose education and marriage is to be taken care yet apart from my retirement. Am I on right path of investment?

Ans: Your current financial position reflects thoughtful planning and prudent investment strategies. At 48, you have a solid income, diversified investments, and significant insurance coverage. Let's analyze your financial status in detail and assess if you are on the right path to achieving your goals, including your son's education and marriage, and your retirement.

Income and Savings Overview
Your take-home salary of Rs 1,95,000 per month provides a strong foundation for your financial planning. Your current savings and investments demonstrate a clear commitment to securing your financial future.

PPF Corpus
Your PPF corpus of Rs 20 lakhs maturing in 2026 is a great safety net. The minimum annual contribution of Rs 500 helps keep the account active and continues to earn tax-free interest. Upon maturity, you can use this amount for your son's education or other significant expenses.

Mutual Fund Investments
Your mutual fund investments have grown from an original investment of Rs 23.5 lakhs to Rs 53 lakhs. Continuing with a monthly SIP of Rs 50,000 shows disciplined investing. This strategy helps average out the cost and benefit from market fluctuations over time.

Real Estate Investments
You own a house worth Rs 1.2 crore, for which you have kept aside Rs 8 lakh to complete the payment. Additionally, the house you live in is valued at Rs 2.5 crore, with an EMI of Rs 93,000 and an outstanding loan of Rs 89 lakhs over 14 years. These assets provide significant equity and stability.

Insurance and Retirement Savings
Health and Term Insurance
Your health insurance coverage of Rs 24 lakhs and term insurance of Rs 1.5 crore are prudent measures. These policies ensure financial protection for your family in case of unforeseen events.

NPS Contributions
Your monthly contribution of Rs 50,000 to the NPS since its inception indicates a strong focus on retirement savings. The NPS offers tax benefits and a structured retirement income.

EPF Contributions
Your EPF contributions of Rs 8,500 per month, with a current kitty of Rs 3 lakhs, add another layer of retirement security. The EPF provides a guaranteed return and is a reliable long-term savings option.

LIC Policies
You have three LIC policies, which will yield around Rs 15 lakhs between 2029 and 2034. These policies offer both insurance and savings benefits, providing additional financial support in the future.

Assessing Financial Goals
Son's Education and Marriage
Your son's education and marriage are significant financial milestones. Given his current age of 16, education expenses are imminent. The maturity of your PPF in 2026 and the continued growth of your mutual funds can help cover these costs. For marriage expenses, your disciplined savings in mutual funds and LIC policies will be beneficial.

Retirement Planning
You are on a solid path towards a comfortable retirement. Your investments in NPS, EPF, and mutual funds, along with the real estate assets, create a diversified portfolio. This diversity reduces risk and ensures steady growth.

Evaluating Investment Choices
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
The PPF is a safe and tax-efficient investment. Its long lock-in period ensures disciplined saving. The tax-free interest makes it an attractive option for long-term goals.

Mutual Funds
Your mutual fund investments have performed well, doubling from the original investment. Continuing with monthly SIPs helps in rupee cost averaging and leveraging market volatility. Actively managed funds offer potential for higher returns compared to index funds, which passively track the market. Your approach with actively managed funds, guided by a certified financial planner, is sound.

Real Estate
Your real estate investments provide significant value and stability. The owned house worth Rs 1.2 crore and the residence valued at Rs 2.5 crore are substantial assets. Real estate can offer good returns, but it also requires maintenance and can be less liquid than other investments.

National Pension System (NPS)
The NPS is an excellent retirement savings vehicle, offering market-linked returns and tax benefits. Your consistent contributions show a strong commitment to building a retirement corpus. The structured withdrawal and annuity options at retirement provide a steady income.

Employees' Provident Fund (EPF)
The EPF is a reliable source of retirement savings with guaranteed returns. Your monthly contributions ensure a growing corpus, supplemented by employer contributions. The EPF is also tax-efficient, offering tax-free interest and withdrawal benefits.

Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Policies
Your LIC policies provide insurance coverage and savings benefits. The guaranteed returns, though modest, offer financial security. The maturity proceeds between 2029 and 2034 will help fund future expenses.

Debt Management
Your EMI of Rs 93,000 for the home loan with an outstanding amount of Rs 89 lakhs needs careful monitoring. Ensure timely payments to maintain a good credit score. Prepayment options should be considered if surplus funds are available, to reduce the loan tenure and interest burden.

Risk Management
Your health and term insurance policies offer substantial coverage. Review these policies periodically to ensure they meet your current needs. Adequate insurance coverage protects your family from financial distress in case of emergencies.

Recommendations for Improvement
Review and Rebalance Portfolio
Periodically review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals. Rebalancing helps maintain the desired asset allocation and manage risk.

Increase EPF Contributions
Consider increasing your EPF contributions if possible. The EPF offers a secure and tax-efficient way to build your retirement corpus.

Education Planning
Start planning for your son's higher education expenses. Estimate the costs and align your investments accordingly. Consider education loans if necessary, as they can be a low-cost borrowing option.

Marriage Fund
Create a dedicated investment plan for your son's marriage. Mutual funds, especially actively managed ones, can offer good returns over the long term. Regularly invest a portion of your income towards this goal.

Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund. It should cover at least six months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in a liquid form, such as a savings account or liquid mutual fund.

Long-Term Investment Strategy
Maintain a diversified investment portfolio. Diversification reduces risk and enhances potential returns. Spread investments across different asset classes like equities, debt, and real estate.

Actively Managed Funds vs. Index Funds
Actively managed funds, guided by skilled fund managers, aim to outperform the market. They offer higher return potential compared to index funds, which merely track market indices. Actively managed funds are preferable for achieving higher returns, despite their higher expense ratios.

Direct Funds vs. Regular Funds
Investing in direct funds requires significant market knowledge and time. Regular funds, managed through a certified financial planner, offer professional expertise and personalized advice. This approach can help in making informed decisions and achieving better returns.

You are on a commendable path with your current investments and financial planning. Your disciplined approach to savings, investments, and insurance coverage shows a clear commitment to financial security and growth. Regularly review your financial plan, adapt to changes, and consult with a certified financial planner to ensure you stay on track. Your diversified portfolio, combined with prudent financial management, will help you achieve your goals and secure a comfortable future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 25, 2024

I am 36 years old, married. I am investing 45k per month on SIP ( 22k Nifty 50 UTI, 10K parag parekh, 8k SBI small cap, 5k Mid cap) , 10k in PPF, 7k NPS, 5k on stocks as investment. I have EPF as well 16k per month. I am planning to buy a house and I also I pay rent of 16k currently. I have a small flat of home loan 14k. Sir plz do let me know if my investment choice is fine or not. Also I want to have a pension of 70k-1 lac when I retire in my home town.
Ans: It's commendable to see your commitment towards saving and investing at such a young age. Let's delve into your current investment strategy and future goals.

Your SIP investments across different categories indicate a diversified approach, which is good. However, it's essential to review the performance of these funds periodically and ensure they align with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

The allocation towards PPF and NPS reflects a mix of long-term savings and retirement planning, which is a prudent move.

Considering your plan to buy a house and current home loan, it's crucial to balance your investments with your liabilities. Also, with rent and EPF contributions, ensuring sufficient liquidity for short-term needs and emergencies is vital.

For your retirement goal of having a pension of 70k-1 lac, you might want to consider increasing your NPS contributions or exploring other pension-oriented investment avenues.

A Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial situation, goals, and risk tolerance. They can help you optimize your investment portfolio, guide you on balancing investments with your future home purchase, and align your retirement savings with your desired pension.

Remember, financial planning is a dynamic process, and it's essential to review and adjust periodically to stay on track towards your goals. Best wishes for your financial journey ahead!

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 08, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 25, 2024Hindi
Hi sir, i am 37. Investing 15000 in 04 MFs, 37500 total in 02 PPFs and 01 SSY, 20000 in NPS each month. I've 1 daughter and 1 son of 7 yrs and 3 yrs respectively. Is it sufficient for me in future?????
Ans: It's wonderful to see your proactive approach towards securing your family's future. Let's delve into your financial planning:
• Comprehensive Investment Approach: You've adopted a well-rounded investment strategy by diversifying across mutual funds, PPFs, SSY, and NPS. This approach spreads risk and maximizes growth potential.
• Planning for Children's Future: Investing in PPFs, SSY, and NPS for your children's education and future needs is a prudent move. These instruments offer tax benefits and long-term growth potential, ensuring financial security for their milestones.
• Assessing Sufficiency: While your current investment allocation is commendable, it's essential to periodically review and reassess your financial goals and resources. As your children grow and educational expenses increase, you may need to adjust your investment contributions accordingly.
• Long-Term Perspective: With a diversified portfolio and disciplined savings habit, you're on the right track towards achieving your financial objectives. Keep a long-term perspective and stay committed to your investment plan.
• Professional Guidance: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner periodically to review your financial plan, assess progress towards goals, and make necessary adjustments. A CFP can provide personalized advice based on your evolving needs and market conditions.
• Encouragement: Your proactive approach towards financial planning reflects your commitment to securing your family's future. Stay focused on your goals, continue to invest systematically, and remain adaptable to changing circumstances.
• Final Thoughts: By adopting a disciplined and diversified investment strategy, you're laying a solid foundation for your family's financial well-being. Stay consistent with your savings and investment habits, and you'll be well-prepared to meet your future financial needs.

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Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 20, 2024Hindi
Sir, i have completed my bachelors (BCA) in India in an engineering college and wishes to pursue my masters in a foreign country.My family is'nt well off so iam looking into schlorships.can you suggest some courses with good scope. Also which countries are best for IT field that provide great schlorship oppurtunities.
Ans: As far as Scholarships for Abroad Universities are concerned, you should have good scores from the entrance tests (whichever will be applicable according to the University's admission criteria), good past academic records, your extra and co-curricular activities, additional certifications, your Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letter of Recommendation etc. Those who have gained work experience of a minimum 2-3 years after graduation get preference in admission.

And most of the Universities do not provide 100% scholarships. You will have to bear some expenses (depends upon which University / College you get admission into & what all expenses only it will cover?) .

As you have mentioned that your parents NOT well-off financially, it is suggested to work for 2-3 years, earn some money and also gain work experience, then go for further education abroad.

Before approaching any Professional Abroad Education Consultant, do a thorough research about the Countries/Universities/Programs, shortlist those which you think will be most suitable, apply to 5-6 top Univerities offering Scholarships and finalize one best University/College for you.

All the BEST for Your Bright Future.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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