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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 25, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Sayantan Question by Sayantan on Apr 25, 2024Hindi

I am 36 years old, married. I am investing 45k per month on SIP ( 22k Nifty 50 UTI, 10K parag parekh, 8k SBI small cap, 5k Mid cap) , 10k in PPF, 7k NPS, 5k on stocks as investment. I have EPF as well 16k per month. I am planning to buy a house and I also I pay rent of 16k currently. I have a small flat of home loan 14k. Sir plz do let me know if my investment choice is fine or not. Also I want to have a pension of 70k-1 lac when I retire in my home town.

Ans: It's commendable to see your commitment towards saving and investing at such a young age. Let's delve into your current investment strategy and future goals.

Your SIP investments across different categories indicate a diversified approach, which is good. However, it's essential to review the performance of these funds periodically and ensure they align with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

The allocation towards PPF and NPS reflects a mix of long-term savings and retirement planning, which is a prudent move.

Considering your plan to buy a house and current home loan, it's crucial to balance your investments with your liabilities. Also, with rent and EPF contributions, ensuring sufficient liquidity for short-term needs and emergencies is vital.

For your retirement goal of having a pension of 70k-1 lac, you might want to consider increasing your NPS contributions or exploring other pension-oriented investment avenues.

A Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial situation, goals, and risk tolerance. They can help you optimize your investment portfolio, guide you on balancing investments with your future home purchase, and align your retirement savings with your desired pension.

Remember, financial planning is a dynamic process, and it's essential to review and adjust periodically to stay on track towards your goals. Best wishes for your financial journey ahead!
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 22, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, Im 36 have 4.5 year old daughter and wife (home maker) i'm earning 1.40 lac monthly have a expanses of 70k including rent, daughter fee (UKG) and car loan. My investment: LIC - 70000 yearly 2037 maturity Lic 90000 yearly (2057 maturity) Max life insurance 3.6lac yearly Daughter SSY- 1.5 lac yearly (since 4 year) SIP - 30000 (monthly) axis bluechip 5k, axis mid cap 5k, axis small cap 5k, icici large 5k, icici prudential mid cap 5k, icici small cap 3k, tata small cap 2k. I want to retire in next 15 years. Please help me if my investment is correct or i need to revisit my investment especially SIP. Or any other suggestions you can provide
Ans: You're demonstrating excellent foresight by planning for your future and your family's financial security. Here's an assessment of your current investments and some suggestions:
1. Retirement Planning:
• Your goal to retire in the next 15 years is ambitious and requires careful financial planning to ensure you achieve your desired lifestyle post-retirement.
• Consider factors such as your desired retirement age, anticipated expenses, inflation, healthcare costs, and potential sources of retirement income.
2. Investment Analysis:
• Your current investment portfolio consists of a mix of life insurance policies, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your daughter, and SIPs in various mutual funds.
• Life insurance policies provide financial protection but may have limited investment growth potential compared to other investment options.
3. SIP Review:
• Review your SIP portfolio to ensure alignment with your long-term financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.
• Consider diversifying across different asset classes and fund categories to spread risk and optimize returns.
• Evaluate the performance of individual funds regularly and make adjustments as needed.
4. Asset Allocation:
• Assess your overall asset allocation to ensure a balanced mix of equity, debt, and other investment instruments based on your risk profile and investment objectives.
• Consider increasing exposure to equity for long-term wealth accumulation, but maintain a diversified portfolio to mitigate risk.
5. Emergency Fund:
• Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses and mitigate financial risks. Aim to maintain 6-12 months' worth of living expenses in a liquid savings account or short-term investments.
6. Professional Advice:
• Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to conduct a comprehensive financial review and retirement planning assessment.
• They can provide personalized recommendations tailored to your specific circumstances, goals, and risk tolerance.
7. Regular Monitoring and Adjustment:
• Periodically review your investment portfolio and retirement plan to track progress towards your goals.
• Make adjustments as needed based on changes in income, expenses, market conditions, and personal circumstances.
In summary, while your current investments show prudent planning, it's essential to periodically reassess your financial strategy to ensure it remains aligned with your evolving goals and circumstances. By staying proactive and seeking professional guidance, you can optimize your investments and work towards achieving a comfortable retirement for yourself and your family.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 08, 2024Hindi
My current age is 30 and my current monthly take home salary is 40K per month. and My Wife Age is 29 her Salary 20K Per Month Please review my investment and suggest me is my current investment is okay or I am investing wrong way. After 15 years I want Rs 80 lakh for my daughter higher studies after next 7 years I want Rs 30 lakh for For Buying Land and after my retirement how can get Rs 2 crore after 60 years of age. SIP - Rs 10000 / - per month from 2019 till 2040 HDFC Mid Cap Plan- 3000 Paragparikh FlexiCap Plan-2000 Sbi Small Cap Plan-3000 SBI LARG And Mid Cap -2000 Home loan - Rs 7000 per month for 10 years Sukanya Samriddhi - 2000 Per month from 2019 till 2039 I Also Read To Invest More 5K Sip, Please Give You Advise.
Ans: Financial Review and Recommendations

Current Investment Analysis:

Your investment portfolio reflects a mix of equity mutual funds, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY), and a home loan. Here's an analysis of your current investments:

Equity Mutual Funds (SIPs):

HDFC Mid Cap Fund: Rs. 3,000/month
Parag Parikh FlexiCap Fund: Rs. 2,000/month
SBI Small Cap Fund: Rs. 3,000/month
SBI Large and Mid Cap Fund: Rs. 2,000/month
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): Rs. 2,000/month

Home Loan: Rs. 7,000/month for 10 years

Financial Goals:

Daughter's Higher Studies (15 years): Target corpus: Rs. 80 lakhs
Buying Land (7 years): Target corpus: Rs. 30 lakhs
Retirement (After 60 years): Target corpus: Rs. 2 crores

Review Asset Allocation: Your portfolio is heavily skewed towards equity mutual funds, which are suitable for long-term goals. However, ensure you have a balanced allocation across asset classes to manage risk effectively. Consider diversifying into debt or other low-risk instruments for short-term goals like buying land.

SIP Review:

Evaluate the performance of your existing SIPs and consider diversifying into different fund categories for better risk management.
Since your daughter's higher education goal is 15 years away, continue investing in equity funds but review and adjust the SIP amounts periodically based on fund performance and market conditions.
New SIP Allocation:

Allocate the additional Rs. 5,000/month SIP towards debt mutual funds or Public Provident Fund (PPF) for your short-term goal of buying land. This will provide stability and liquidity for the goal.
For long-term goals like retirement, consider increasing contributions to equity mutual funds gradually over time to benefit from compounding returns.
Emergency Fund: Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund set aside in a liquid and easily accessible instrument to cover unforeseen expenses.

Insurance Coverage: Consider investing in term insurance and health insurance policies to protect your family's financial future against unforeseen events.

Regular Review: Periodically review your investment portfolio's performance and make adjustments as needed to stay on track towards your financial goals.

Professional Advice: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to create a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your specific needs and goals. A CFP can provide personalized recommendations and strategies to optimize your investments and achieve long-term financial security.

By following these recommendations and staying disciplined in your investment approach, you can work towards achieving your financial goals effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 31, 2024Hindi
Dear sir, I am running 43. My current investment portfolio is 27 Lakh in PPF, 3 Lakh in Mutual Funds with investment in 8 mutual fund with 1000 sip every month for each funds. Approx 10 lakh of gold, 5 lakhs in savings and 8 lakhs in stocks. I am yet to start a family and intend to have 2 kids if not atleast 1 as of now. My current salary is approx 80,000 a month. Kindly help me in guidance if my investment portfolio is right and what are other options where I can invest now on. I have my own house and EMI is 8000 every month. I also intend to buy new home worth 1 Cr approx. I have no fix plans to retire at 60 but would like to have monthly interest income of 1 lakh per month in next 18 years. So kindly guide me. Thank you,
Ans: Congratulations on maintaining a well-rounded investment portfolio at 43. Your diverse investments in PPF, mutual funds, gold, savings, and stocks are commendable. Your steady salary, owning a home, and planning for the future show a solid foundation for financial stability. Let’s analyze your current portfolio, identify potential improvements, and suggest strategies to achieve your financial goals.

Assessing Your Current Investment Portfolio
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Your PPF investment of Rs 27 lakhs is a strong, secure component of your portfolio. PPF offers tax-free returns and safety, making it a reliable long-term investment. Continue contributing to maximize the benefits of compound interest and tax advantages.

Mutual Funds
You have Rs 3 lakhs in mutual funds, investing Rs 1,000 per month in each of 8 different funds. Diversification is good, but having too many funds with small SIP amounts may dilute returns. Consider consolidating into fewer, well-performing funds to optimize growth. Actively managed funds can provide better returns compared to index funds.

Actively Managed Funds vs. Index Funds

Actively managed funds are overseen by professional managers aiming to outperform the market. Despite higher fees, they often yield better long-term returns. Index funds, on the other hand, replicate market indices and offer average returns. For your goals, actively managed funds are more suitable.

Regular Funds vs. Direct Funds

Investing through regular funds involves a commission for mutual fund distributors (MFDs). The expertise of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) ensures better fund selection and management. Direct funds save on commission but lack professional oversight. Regular funds offer better-managed investments, making them a wise choice.

Your gold investment of Rs 10 lakhs is a good hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty. Gold provides stability and can be a safe store of value. Consider allocating a portion of your investment to sovereign gold bonds or gold ETFs for better returns and safety.

Having Rs 5 lakhs in savings provides liquidity and security. Ensure this fund is easily accessible for emergencies. Consider moving a portion to a high-interest savings account or liquid mutual funds for better returns while maintaining liquidity.

An Rs 8 lakh investment in stocks indicates a willingness to take higher risks for higher returns. Continue monitoring your stock portfolio and consider diversifying across sectors to manage risk better. Avoid excessive concentration in a single stock or sector.

Financial Goals and Future Planning
Monthly Interest Income Goal
You aim to have a monthly interest income of Rs 1 lakh in 18 years. This translates to Rs 12 lakhs annually. To achieve this, you need a well-diversified portfolio generating sufficient returns while preserving capital.

Strategies for Achieving Financial Goals
Increase Mutual Fund SIPs
Increase your SIP contributions in mutual funds. Focus on a mix of equity and debt funds to balance risk and return. Equity funds provide growth potential, while debt funds offer stability.

Review and Consolidate Mutual Funds

Review your current mutual funds and consolidate them into fewer, high-performing funds. This ensures better management and potential for higher returns. Actively managed funds can be a good choice for achieving higher growth.

National Pension System (NPS)
Consider investing in the National Pension System (NPS). It offers tax benefits and a mix of equity, debt, and government securities. NPS can provide a steady income post-retirement, complementing your other investments.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Set up a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from mutual funds to generate regular income. SWPs provide flexibility and potential for capital appreciation. This can be an effective way to achieve your monthly income goal in retirement.

Diversification for Stability and Growth
Debt Mutual Funds

Include debt mutual funds in your portfolio. They provide stability and regular income with lower risk compared to equity funds. Debt funds suit medium-term goals and act as a buffer against market volatility.

Equity Mutual Funds

Allocate a significant portion of your portfolio to equity mutual funds. They offer high growth potential, crucial for building a retirement corpus. Focus on funds with a good track record and consistent performance.

Insurance: Protection First
Life Insurance
Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage to protect your family's financial future. Avoid investment-cum-insurance policies like ULIPs, LIC endowment plans, as they offer lower returns and inadequate insurance cover. Consider surrendering such policies and reinvesting the proceeds in mutual funds.

Health Insurance
Adequate health insurance is crucial. Review your existing health coverage and consider increasing it if necessary. Medical expenses can be substantial, and comprehensive health insurance will protect your savings.

Emergency Fund: The Safety Net
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in a high-interest savings account or liquid mutual fund. An emergency fund provides financial security against unforeseen expenses.

Saving for a New Home
You plan to buy a new home worth Rs 1 crore. Estimate the down payment and loan amount. Save for the down payment through a mix of fixed deposits, debt funds, and balanced funds. Ensure your EMI is manageable within your monthly budget.

Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning maximizes your disposable income. Utilize available deductions under Section 80C, 80D, and others. Your contributions to PPF, NPS, and mutual funds (ELSS) help in tax savings while building your corpus.

Reviewing and Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regularly review your portfolio’s performance. Market conditions and personal goals change over time. Rebalance your investments to maintain the desired asset allocation. A CFP can provide valuable insights and adjustments.

Financial Discipline and Continuous Learning
Maintaining financial discipline is key to achieving your goals. Automate your investments to ensure consistency. Stay informed about financial markets and new investment opportunities. Financial literacy empowers better decision-making.

Seeking Professional Guidance
A CFP provides personalized advice aligned with your goals. Their expertise in financial planning ensures optimal investment strategies, tax efficiency, and risk management. Regular consultations help in adapting to changing circumstances and market conditions.

Your current investment portfolio is strong, but there are areas for improvement. Diversify your investments, increase SIP contributions, and focus on achieving your long-term goals. With careful planning and disciplined investing, you can achieve a secure financial future.

Invest wisely, stay disciplined, and enjoy a secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Sir, My age is 40. I have a family with Mom, Dad, 2 daughters aged 13 years and my wife. I am the only source for income in my family. I am a business person and average monthly profit is approx 2 to 3 lakhs. There are lots of ups and downs in the business and profits are not consistant. So I am doing daily SIP of 5000 in HDFC Top 100 growth. Till date the MF is approx 9 lakhs. I have purchased a flat of Rs 1cr. With an home loan of 40 lakhs. Current EMI is 35000, tenure 20 years started last year. I have taken 2 health insurance policies, one for my mom and dad and another for us. Total yearly premium is 1.25 lakhs. My monthly expenses are approx 1.5 lakhs. I am bit worried about Daughters higher education as they wish to pursue MBBS. Secondly I need to save for my retirement. I wish to retire at 55. Please suggest if I am on right track or I need to change my investment patterns?
Ans: It's great to see your proactive approach towards securing your family's future. Managing finances for a family with varying needs can be challenging, especially when running a business with fluctuating income. Let's evaluate your current financial situation and devise a strategy to achieve your goals, particularly focusing on your daughters' education and your retirement plan.

Current Financial Situation
Monthly Income and Expenses
Average Monthly Profit: Rs 2 to 3 lakhs.
Monthly Expenses: Rs 1.5 lakhs.
EMI: Rs 35,000 for home loan.
Daily SIP: Rs 5,000 in HDFC Top 100 growth.
Health Insurance Premium: Rs 1.25 lakhs per year.
Assets and Liabilities
Mutual Fund Investment: Approx Rs 9 lakhs.
Home Value: Rs 1 crore with Rs 40 lakhs loan.
Health Insurance: Two policies covering the family.
Financial Goals
Daughters' Higher Education: Aim for MBBS, requiring substantial funds.
Retirement: Wish to retire at age 55.
Evaluating Current Investment Patterns
Daily SIP in HDFC Top 100 Growth
Benefits: Regular investment, rupee cost averaging, potential for high returns.
Concerns: Single fund exposure increases risk, need for diversification.
Home Loan and EMI
Home Loan: Rs 40 lakhs with a Rs 35,000 monthly EMI over 20 years.
Interest Burden: Long tenure increases interest cost, affecting cash flow.
Diversification: Mitigating Risks and Enhancing Returns
Mutual Funds: Broadening Horizons
Equity Funds: Diversify beyond HDFC Top 100 to include mid-cap and small-cap funds for growth.
Debt Funds: Include for stability and consistent returns, reducing overall risk.
Hybrid Funds: Mix of equity and debt for balanced growth and stability.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) Strategy
Monthly SIP: Instead of daily SIPs, consider monthly SIPs in diversified funds.
Allocation: Spread Rs 1.5 lakhs monthly investment across multiple funds.
Review and Adjust: Regularly review fund performance and adjust as needed.
Education Planning: Securing Your Daughters' Future
Estimating Costs for MBBS
Current Costs: Private medical colleges can cost Rs 50 lakhs to Rs 1 crore.
Inflation Adjustment: Factor in education inflation, typically 8-10% annually.
Education Fund: Building a Corpus
Dedicated SIPs: Start dedicated SIPs for education planning, considering time horizon and risk appetite.
Balanced Allocation: Mix of equity and debt to ensure growth and stability.
Education Loans: An Alternative
Low-Interest Education Loans: Consider for bridging gaps in funding.
Tax Benefits: Interest on education loans is tax-deductible.
Retirement Planning: Ensuring a Comfortable Future
Retirement Corpus: Estimation
Current Lifestyle: Rs 1.5 lakhs monthly expenses, adjusting for inflation.
Corpus Required: Calculate based on desired retirement age, life expectancy, and inflation.
Building the Corpus: Strategic Investments
Equity Exposure: Higher equity exposure for growth in the early years.
Gradual Shift: Move to debt funds as retirement approaches to secure capital.
Regular Review: Adjust portfolio to stay aligned with goals.
Pension Plans: A Steady Income Stream
Pension Funds: Invest in pension funds for regular income post-retirement.
Annuities: Consider annuities for guaranteed income, despite not recommending them as a primary option.
Managing Health Insurance: Ensuring Comprehensive Coverage
Adequate Sum Insured: Ensure health insurance covers all potential medical costs.
Annual Review: Review and adjust coverage based on family health needs and inflation.
Emergency Fund: A Safety Net
Liquid Assets: Maintain an emergency fund covering 6-12 months of expenses.
Investment Vehicles: Keep in high-liquidity instruments like savings accounts or liquid mutual funds.
Final Insights
Regular Monitoring and Adjustments
Review Periodically: Regularly review and adjust your financial plan.
Adapt to Changes: Stay flexible to adapt to market changes and personal circumstances.
Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP): Consider consulting a CFP for personalized advice.
Continuous Learning: Stay informed about financial products and market trends.
Your proactive approach is commendable, and with a few strategic adjustments, you can confidently secure your family's future and achieve your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
I am 45 years age. Current investment balance in PF and VPF-45,00,000 mutual funds-27,00,000, Shares-700,000, NPS-6,00,000,LIC-10,00,000 Monthly investment PF and VPF-43,000, Mutual funds -32,000,NPS-6000, LIC-4500 Shares-10,0000. Yearly step up in PF vpf, mutual fund is 10% Current leaving in pune and home loan is 50,00,000. One home is in Nashik current market price is 75,00,000. I have daughter in 10th std and son in 6th std. Expecting Rs 50,00,000 on both education expenses after their 10th std. I want to retire at the age of 52. Expecting monthly income of Rs 1,00,000 after retirement.
Ans: You are 45 years old with a comprehensive investment portfolio. Here's a summary:

Provident Fund (PF) and Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF): Rs. 45,00,000
Mutual Funds: Rs. 27,00,000
Shares: Rs. 7,00,000
National Pension System (NPS): Rs. 6,00,000
Life Insurance Corporation (LIC): Rs. 10,00,000
Your monthly investments are:

PF and VPF: Rs. 43,000
Mutual Funds: Rs. 32,000
NPS: Rs. 6,000
LIC: Rs. 4,500
Shares: Rs. 10,000
You own a home in Pune with a home loan of Rs. 50,00,000 and another home in Nashik with a market value of Rs. 75,00,000. Your daughter is in 10th std, and your son is in 6th std, with expected education expenses of Rs. 50,00,000 each.

You plan to retire at 52 and desire a monthly income of Rs. 1,00,000 post-retirement.

Financial Goals
Children's Education: Rs. 50,00,000 each after 10th std.
Retirement Planning: Achieve a monthly income of Rs. 1,00,000 post-retirement.
Loan Management: Efficiently manage the home loan of Rs. 50,00,000.
Recommendations for Financial Stability
1. Children's Education Fund
Dedicated Savings: Start a dedicated investment for your children's education.
Systematic Investments: Consider mutual funds tailored for education expenses with a horizon of 2-5 years.
2. Retirement Planning
Current Investments: Continue your current investments in PF, VPF, mutual funds, and NPS.
Retirement Corpus: Calculate the required retirement corpus to achieve Rs. 1,00,000 monthly income.
3. Home Loan Management
Prepayments: Make prepayments on your home loan whenever possible. This reduces interest and tenure.
Budget Allocation: Allocate a portion of any surplus towards prepaying the loan.
4. Portfolio Review and Diversification
Diversification: Ensure your portfolio is well-diversified across equity, debt, and other assets.
Regular Review: Review your portfolio annually and rebalance based on market conditions.
Analytical Insights
Children's Education Fund
Investment Strategy: Invest in a mix of equity and debt funds for a balanced approach.
Education Plans: Consider child education plans that offer a mix of growth and safety.
Retirement Planning
Corpus Calculation: To achieve Rs. 1,00,000 per month, you need a significant retirement corpus. Assuming a 4% withdrawal rate, you will need approximately Rs. 3 crores.
Current Contributions: Your current contributions are substantial. Continue with yearly step-ups to keep pace with inflation.
Risk Management
Insurance Coverage: Ensure adequate life and health insurance coverage.
Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund of 6-12 months of living expenses.
Key Considerations
Risk Tolerance: Align your investments with your risk tolerance and financial goals.
Financial Goals: Prioritize your children's education and retirement planning.
Regular Review: Annual reviews and adjustments are crucial for staying on track.
Final Insights
To achieve financial stability and meet your goals, continue your disciplined investment approach. Start a dedicated fund for your children's education and make strategic prepayments on your home loan. Ensure your investment portfolio is diversified and regularly reviewed. Adequate insurance coverage and an emergency fund are essential for risk management. By following these recommendations, you can secure a comfortable retirement and provide for your children's education.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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