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Sunil

Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on May 16, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 13, 2024Hindi
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Dear All, I am 34 years old. I have 204 lakhs as savings out of with 110 lakhs is debt and 95 lakhs in equity majorly in Large Caps. I own a real estate which fetches me 30k every month. I have a EPF corpus of 28 lakhs and PPF of 15 lakh. I have 1 year old daughter. I am debt free with independent home and a package close to 35 lakhs. I want to know how do I further allocate the money. In Mutual Fund, Gold or SSY or continue to add equity and debt. I want to be Financially independent. Your view would be of great help.

Ans: Increase your allocation in equity or equity mutual fund as you are too young and your goals are long term.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 26, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 26, 2024Hindi
Money
I am 29 years old, married with no children. I have 2 houses each valuing 1.5cr. inherited land worth 5cr. Investment in Fd 1cr, equity 70lakh, mf 30lakh, gold 100gms, ppf 51lakh(started by my father) and other investments worth 50 lakh in nsc, kvp etc. I invest 70k per month in sips (balance advantage, elss, top 100, bluechip, small and midcap). I earn monthly 1.5 lakh and household expenses including my mother's medicine is 85k. I have a young sister for whom I need 1cr after 5years. How can I plan my funds to achieve financial independence? All have health insurance and I have a term insurance of 1.75cr which will cover md till 85 years age.
Ans: You’ve built a solid financial foundation. It’s impressive, and you're already ahead in your financial journey. Let's dive into how you can achieve financial independence, secure your sister’s future, and ensure a comfortable life for your family.

Assessing Your Current Financial Position
First, let’s look at where you stand financially. You have a diverse portfolio and multiple income streams, which is fantastic. Your assets include:

Two houses worth Rs. 1.5 crore each.
Inherited land worth Rs. 5 crore.
Fixed Deposits worth Rs. 1 crore.
Equity investments of Rs. 70 lakh.
Mutual funds amounting to Rs. 30 lakh.
100 grams of gold.
PPF account with Rs. 51 lakh.
Other investments (NSC, KVP) worth Rs. 50 lakh.
Your regular investments are also strong with Rs. 70,000 per month in SIPs across balanced advantage, ELSS, top 100, bluechip, and small & midcap funds. You have a stable monthly income of Rs. 1.5 lakh, and household expenses, including your mother’s medication, are Rs. 85,000.

You also have:

Health insurance for the family.
Term insurance of Rs. 1.75 crore.
Setting Financial Goals
Your main goals are:

Achieving financial independence.
Providing Rs. 1 crore for your sister in 5 years.
Ensuring a comfortable lifestyle for your family.
Let’s break down how you can achieve these goals.

Planning for Your Sister's Future
You need Rs. 1 crore for your sister in 5 years. Here’s how you can plan:

Dedicated Investment Fund
Consider a dedicated investment plan for this goal. A mix of debt and equity can provide a balance of safety and growth. Given the 5-year timeframe, a balanced fund or a mix of short-term debt funds and bluechip equity funds could work well.

Regular Contributions
Allocate a portion of your monthly investments towards this goal. Since you already invest Rs. 70,000 per month, you might consider directing part of this to the dedicated fund. Ensure this amount grows steadily to meet the Rs. 1 crore target in 5 years.

Building Towards Financial Independence
Diversified Investment Portfolio
You already have a well-diversified portfolio. Continue to diversify across different asset classes. Your current mix of real estate, equities, mutual funds, fixed deposits, and gold is good. However, regular reviews and rebalancing of your portfolio are essential to align with market conditions and personal goals.

Increase SIP Contributions
If possible, increase your SIP contributions annually. Even a small increase can significantly impact your wealth over time. This helps in capitalizing on the power of compounding.

Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund. This should cover at least 6-12 months of your expenses. Given your expenses are Rs. 85,000 per month, aim for an emergency fund of around Rs. 10 lakh. This can be parked in a liquid fund for easy access.

Enhancing Retirement Planning
Review Your PPF and EPF
Your PPF is already substantial at Rs. 51 lakh. Continue contributing to this as it provides tax-free returns and security. If you have an Employee Provident Fund (EPF), ensure regular contributions there as well.

Long-term Equity Investments
Equities are vital for long-term growth. Continue your investments in diversified mutual funds. Focus on funds with a good track record and consistent performance. Avoid direct stocks unless you have the expertise.

Avoid Annuities and Real Estate
Avoid annuities due to lower returns and lack of flexibility. Also, real estate as an investment can be illiquid and involve high transaction costs.

Insurance and Risk Management
Health Insurance
Your family’s health insurance is crucial. Ensure the coverage is adequate to handle any medical emergencies without depleting your savings.

Term Insurance
Your term insurance of Rs. 1.75 crore is good. It provides a safety net for your family in case of any unforeseen events. Ensure this coverage remains adequate as your financial obligations grow.

Tax Efficiency
Optimize Tax Savings
Make the most of tax-saving instruments. Continue investing in ELSS, which offers tax benefits under Section 80C. Also, consider other tax-saving avenues like NPS for additional benefits.

Tax-efficient Investments
Choose investments that offer tax efficiency. For instance, PPF and ELSS provide tax-free returns. Balanced funds and long-term equity investments are also tax-efficient.

Regular Financial Review
Annual Review
Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess the performance of your investments and make necessary adjustments. This ensures you stay on track to meet your financial goals.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner
Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. They can provide insights tailored to your financial situation and goals.

Avoid Common Pitfalls
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds may not always beat inflation or provide superior returns. Actively managed funds, with professional management, can offer better returns and adjust to market changes.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds require active management and market knowledge. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offers professional guidance and better fund selection.

Conclusion
You've done an excellent job building a strong financial base. With a few adjustments and strategic planning, you can achieve financial independence and secure your sister’s future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 02, 2024Hindi
Money
Hi i am 33 yr old male. With monthly in hand salary of 1.2 lakh. I have mutual fund of 3.5lakh. PF is around 8 lakh PPF is around 1 lakh and NPS of 2lakh. I invest aroud 10k per month in sip and 50k in NPS per year . And PPF varies from 20-40k per year . I have a loan of 36lakh(home loan) . I have a baby boy of 2 yrs. Currently the home i bought is under construction so i need to pay EMI and Rent which is around 48k per month.My monthly expence is around 65K excluding rent and emi . Requesting you to please guide me in How can i manage to create a fund for my child education and manage my retirement fund
Ans: First, let's take stock of your current financial position. You have a monthly salary of Rs 1.2 lakh. Your investments include Rs 3.5 lakh in mutual funds, Rs 8 lakh in PF, Rs 1 lakh in PPF, and Rs 2 lakh in NPS. You also have a home loan of Rs 36 lakh and a young child to support. Your monthly expenses are Rs 65,000, excluding rent and EMI, which are Rs 48,000 combined.

Your commitment to investments is commendable, with Rs 10,000 in SIPs monthly, Rs 50,000 annually in NPS, and varying contributions to PPF.

Prioritizing Financial Goals
To manage your finances effectively, it's crucial to prioritize your goals. Your primary objectives are:

Creating a fund for your child's education.

Building a robust retirement corpus.

Child's Education Fund
Education costs are rising, so planning early is essential. Here's a step-by-step approach:

Estimating Future Education Costs
Estimate the future cost of your child's education. Consider factors like inflation and the type of education you aim for. Generally, education costs double every 7-8 years.

Investment Options for Education Fund
Mutual Funds: Continue with your SIPs. Consider allocating more to equity mutual funds for higher returns, especially if you have a long investment horizon.

PPF: This is a safe investment with tax benefits. Keep contributing, but prioritize higher-return options for long-term goals.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: If you have a girl child, this scheme offers good returns and tax benefits.

Diversification
Diversify your investments. Don't rely solely on one investment type. Balance between equity, debt, and other instruments.

Building a Retirement Corpus
Retirement planning requires a disciplined and strategic approach. Here’s how you can strengthen your retirement fund:

Assessing Retirement Needs
Estimate your post-retirement expenses. Consider inflation, healthcare costs, and lifestyle changes. This helps in setting a realistic retirement corpus target.

Investment Strategies for Retirement
Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Continue with EPF as it offers a secure, long-term investment with tax benefits.

Public Provident Fund (PPF): Maintain your contributions to PPF for its safety and tax benefits.

National Pension System (NPS): Your current Rs 50,000 annual contribution is good. Consider increasing this amount as your income grows.

Mutual Funds: Invest in a mix of equity and debt funds. Equity funds offer higher returns but come with higher risks. Debt funds provide stability.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Increase your SIP contributions gradually. This will help in compounding your investments over time.

Managing Home Loan and Rent
Paying both EMI and rent is a significant financial burden. Here are some suggestions:

Reducing Loan Tenure
If possible, make prepayments on your home loan. This reduces the tenure and interest burden. Use bonuses or windfalls for this purpose.

Budgeting and Expense Management
Review and cut down unnecessary expenses. Create a monthly budget and stick to it. This helps in freeing up more funds for investments.

Insurance and Emergency Fund
Having adequate insurance and an emergency fund is crucial. Here's what you need to consider:

Life Insurance
Ensure you have sufficient life insurance coverage. Term insurance is a good option as it offers high coverage at low premiums.

Health Insurance
Adequate health insurance is essential to cover medical emergencies without dipping into savings.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This provides a financial cushion during unforeseen events.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Financial planning is not a one-time activity. Regularly review and adjust your investments based on changing goals, market conditions, and personal circumstances.

Annual Review
Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess the performance of your investments and make necessary adjustments.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice. They can provide tailored solutions based on your financial situation and goals.

Balancing Risk and Returns
Balancing risk and returns is crucial for a robust financial plan. Here’s how to manage it effectively:

Risk Tolerance
Understand your risk tolerance. Younger investors can afford higher risks for potentially higher returns. As you near your goals, shift towards safer investments.

Diversified Portfolio
Diversify your portfolio across asset classes. This reduces risk and enhances potential returns.

Utilizing Tax Benefits
Leverage tax-saving investment options to reduce your tax liability. Here's how:

Section 80C Investments
Invest in instruments eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C, such as PPF, EPF, and ELSS mutual funds.

NPS Tax Benefits
NPS offers additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B) for contributions up to Rs 50,000.

Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Avoiding common financial mistakes can save you from future troubles. Here are some to watch out for:

High-Interest Loans
Avoid high-interest loans like credit cards or personal loans. Prioritize clearing these debts if you have any.

Impulsive Investments
Avoid making impulsive investments without proper research. Stick to your financial plan.

Encouragement and Appreciation
Your proactive approach to financial planning is commendable. Balancing multiple financial goals while managing a family and loan is challenging, but your dedication is evident. Keep up the good work, and remember, small consistent efforts lead to significant financial stability over time.

Final Insights
Securing your child's education fund and building a retirement corpus requires a strategic, disciplined approach. Prioritize your goals, diversify your investments, and regularly review your financial plan. By following these steps, you can achieve financial stability and ensure a secure future for your family.

Keep up the great work, and feel free to reach out for further guidance.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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