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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 14, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
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Sir, I am 32 years old. I have retired to stay with my parents with a corpus of 4cr, Out of the income generated from my corpus which i have distributed among my elderly parents mainly in FDs I am able to do a SIP of 80K monthly apart from depositing 1.5 L in PPF and 50k in Nps. I also have about 15 L exposure in shares and 60 L in Mutual Funds and 20 L in savings account for emergency apart from having Mediclaim for the family. My present family expenditure is 75 k per month I plan to remain single and have no loans. Want to know whether my financial planing will be able to see me through my life.

Ans: Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Firstly, congratulations on your disciplined approach to financial planning. With a corpus of Rs 4 crore and strategic investments, you’ve established a strong foundation. Let’s take a closer look at your financial plan and its sustainability over your lifetime.

Corpus Allocation and Safety Net
Your corpus of Rs 4 crore is a significant amount. It's wisely distributed, offering both security and growth potential. Fixed Deposits (FDs) provide safety, though they often yield lower returns compared to other investment options. Your distribution of funds, especially the Rs 20 lakh kept as an emergency fund, shows foresight. Having Rs 20 lakh in a savings account ensures liquidity and readiness for any unforeseen expenses.

Monthly SIP and Investments in PPF and NPS
You are contributing Rs 80,000 monthly to Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs), Rs 1.5 lakh annually to Public Provident Fund (PPF), and Rs 50,000 annually to the National Pension System (NPS). These are commendable strategies. SIPs, especially in equity mutual funds, can provide substantial long-term growth due to compounding and rupee cost averaging. PPF and NPS offer tax benefits and a secure retirement corpus.

Equity and Mutual Fund Exposure
Your Rs 15 lakh exposure in shares and Rs 60 lakh in mutual funds indicate a balanced approach to risk and return. While direct equity investment can be rewarding, it’s also risky and requires diligent monitoring. Your mutual fund investments, managed by professional fund managers, offer diversified exposure and reduce individual stock risk.

Family Expenditure and Lifestyle Choices
With a monthly family expenditure of Rs 75,000, your expenses seem well-managed within your means. Planning to remain single without any loans further reduces financial strain and obligations. Your mediclaim policy is a crucial safety net, covering potential health-related expenses and ensuring your corpus remains intact.

Assessing Long-term Sustainability
Now, let’s evaluate whether your current financial planning can sustain you through your lifetime. We will consider various factors such as inflation, investment returns, and life expectancy.

Inflation and Its Impact
Inflation erodes purchasing power over time. Historically, inflation in India averages around 6-7% per year. While your current expenses are Rs 75,000 per month, they will likely increase over the years. It’s essential to ensure that your investments grow at a rate higher than inflation to maintain your lifestyle.

Investment Returns and Growth
Your investment strategy includes a mix of FDs, equity shares, mutual funds, PPF, and NPS. Historically, equity mutual funds in India have delivered returns between 12-15% annually, significantly outpacing inflation. PPF provides around 7-8% returns, which is close to the inflation rate, and NPS, depending on the asset allocation, can yield around 9-11%. Your FD returns, though secure, may not beat inflation, but they provide stability.

Future Income Generation
To sustain your lifestyle and grow your corpus, it's crucial to focus on investments that offer inflation-beating returns. Your SIPs in equity mutual funds will likely be the primary growth driver. Given your Rs 80,000 monthly SIP, you are investing Rs 9.6 lakh annually in mutual funds. Over the long term, this could significantly grow your corpus, assuming average returns of 12-15% from equity mutual funds.

Reassessment and Diversification
It’s important to periodically reassess your financial plan. Given your current exposure, it might be beneficial to review the performance of your shares and mutual funds annually. Diversifying your mutual fund portfolio across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds can balance risk and returns. Avoiding over-reliance on FDs and ensuring a greater portion is in high-growth potential instruments will help.

Importance of Active Management
Actively managed funds often outperform index funds in emerging markets like India due to market inefficiencies. Fund managers can make strategic decisions to capitalize on market opportunities. While index funds mirror market performance, actively managed funds strive to beat it, which can be advantageous in a dynamic market environment.

Potential Drawbacks of Direct Funds
Direct funds may seem attractive due to lower expense ratios, but they require a deeper understanding and continuous monitoring. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide professional guidance, ensuring your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance. Regular funds, despite higher fees, offer the benefit of professional management and advice, which can be invaluable.

Emergency Fund and Liquidity
Your Rs 20 lakh emergency fund is substantial and provides a solid safety net. Ensure it remains easily accessible and consider keeping it in a high-interest savings account or a liquid fund for better returns. It's crucial to maintain this fund to cover at least 6-12 months of expenses.

Health Insurance and Contingency Planning
Your mediclaim policy is essential. Regularly review it to ensure adequate coverage, especially as medical costs rise. Consider critical illness insurance if you don't already have it. It's also wise to have a will in place to ensure smooth succession of your assets.

Evaluating Future Goals and Adjustments
As you age, your risk tolerance might change. It's essential to adjust your investment strategy accordingly. Consider shifting to more conservative investments as you approach retirement age. Reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio annually can help maintain the desired risk-reward ratio.

Financial Planning Tools and Resources
Utilizing financial planning tools can provide insights into your future financial position. These tools can simulate different scenarios, helping you make informed decisions. A CFP can offer tailored advice based on your unique situation and goals.

Legacy Planning and Philanthropy
If you have philanthropic goals or wish to leave a legacy, plan accordingly. Setting up trusts or charitable foundations can ensure your wealth benefits future generations or causes you care about.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Plan
Financial planning is not a one-time activity. Regular monitoring and adjustments are crucial. Life events, market changes, and personal goals evolve, necessitating periodic reviews. Staying proactive ensures your financial health and long-term sustainability.

Final Insights
Your current financial planning shows prudence and foresight. Maintaining a balance between growth-oriented investments and secure options like FDs provides stability and potential for wealth growth. Regularly reassessing and adjusting your plan ensures it remains aligned with your goals and market conditions. With disciplined investing, continuous learning, and professional guidance, you can confidently navigate your financial journey and secure a comfortable future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
Asked on - Jun 14, 2024 | Answered on Jun 14, 2024
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Thank you so much Sir for your valuable time.... Indebted.
Ans: You're welcome! If you have any more questions or need further assistance, feel free to ask. Best wishes on your financial journey!

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 17, 2024

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I am 60 years old and just retired from service. I ll get Rs 40k as monthly pension. My wife is housewife. I have own house and an apartment which is rented. No loans. I have two daughters elder married and settled at USA and younger is studying in USA. I have enough fund for her studies and her marriage. I have 2 crore corpus as retirement benefits and my savings. We have covered by my company providing medical facilities. I am planning to invest 1cr in MFs with SWP of 25k per month. SCSS - 30L, POMIS - 9L and FD of 2L on my wife name in post office. Continue and invest in PPF - 20L. Emergency fund FD - 20L. I want to get enough money for my monthly and annual expenditure and grow the corpus beating inflation minimising income tax. Request your review and advice about my financial plan.
Ans: Your financial plan exhibits careful consideration of various aspects of retirement planning. With no loans and a substantial corpus, you are in a favorable position. Here's an analytical review of your plan and some suggestions for optimizing your strategy.

Monthly and Annual Income
With a monthly pension of ?40,000 and additional rental income, your immediate cash flow needs are well-covered. The planned Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from Mutual Funds (MFs) will supplement this, providing additional liquidity.

Mutual Funds with SWP
Investing ?1 crore in Mutual Funds with a SWP of ?25,000 per month is a solid strategy. Mutual Funds offer potential for capital appreciation and can help in beating inflation over the long term. Actively managed funds are recommended over index funds due to the potential for higher returns.

Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS)
Allocating ?30 lakh to SCSS is a wise choice. SCSS offers attractive interest rates, tax benefits under Section 80C, and regular quarterly interest payouts, which will further support your monthly cash flow.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS)
Investing ?9 lakh in POMIS provides a reliable source of monthly income. This scheme offers a fixed monthly return, which can help in managing your monthly expenses.

Fixed Deposit (FD) in Post Office
The FD of ?2 lakh in your wife's name is a conservative yet safe option. Post Office FDs offer guaranteed returns, although they are relatively low. Ensure to reinvest upon maturity to continue earning interest.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Continuing to invest ?20 lakh in PPF is an excellent decision. PPF provides tax-free returns, compounded annually, and is a risk-free investment option. It also contributes to your retirement corpus growth, albeit with a lock-in period of 15 years.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund of ?20 lakh in FD ensures that you have quick access to funds in case of unforeseen circumstances. This amount seems adequate considering your overall financial situation.

Tax Efficiency and Inflation Protection
To minimize tax and beat inflation, consider the following suggestions:

Tax-efficient Investments: Ensure that your mutual funds include equity-oriented funds, as these have favorable tax treatment compared to debt funds. Long-term capital gains from equity funds are taxed at a lower rate.
Diversification: Diversify your mutual fund investments across equity, debt, and hybrid funds to balance risk and returns. This will help in managing market volatility and securing steady returns.
Regular Review: Periodically review your portfolio to adjust for changing market conditions and life events. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can help you make informed decisions.
Long-term Growth and Security
Your plan should focus on growth while ensuring security. Diversification across different asset classes helps in managing risks. Ensure to keep some funds in liquid assets for any immediate requirements.

Empathy and Understanding
Your plan shows a thoughtful approach towards securing your and your family's future. The allocation towards your daughters' education and marriage demonstrates your responsible planning.

Conclusion
Your financial plan is well-structured, balancing income, growth, and security. By focusing on diversified investments, tax efficiency, and periodic reviews, you can achieve your goal of a comfortable retirement, managing your expenses, and growing your corpus to beat inflation.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 16, 2024Hindi
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Hello Experts, I am currently working in pvt sector and am 32 years old. My current in hand salary is 1.45lac per month. I am currently paying off my father's home loan of 38lacs, with current outstanding of 24lacs. I have bought a flat back in 2021, for which the loan is of 70lac for 30years.I have a loan insurance for this loan. The EMI for this has not been started yet. It will start once the builder will provide possession of the same. I am paying 15500 monthly rent and apart from that monthly expenses amounts to 30k a month. I am married and my wife is a homemaker and I have a baby girl 2months old. Could you please guide me.
Ans: You are 32 years old, earning Rs. 1.45 lakh per month in hand, and managing several financial responsibilities. Here's a comprehensive plan:

Managing Home Loans
Continue paying off your father's home loan of Rs. 24 lakhs.
Prepare for the upcoming EMI on your flat's loan of Rs. 70 lakhs once possession is granted.
Monthly Expenses and Rent
Maintain your budget with Rs. 30,000 monthly expenses and Rs. 15,500 rent.
Plan for future expenses considering your growing family.
Financial Security for Family
Ensure your loan insurance covers the Rs. 70 lakh flat loan adequately.
Plan for contingencies with health insurance for your family.
Savings and Investments Strategy
Allocate surplus funds towards investments that balance risk and returns.
Avoid index funds; prefer actively managed funds for better returns.
Planning for Child's Future
Start planning early for your baby girl's education and future needs.
Consider setting up a dedicated fund or investment plan.
Retirement Planning
Begin building a retirement corpus through systematic investments.
Aim for a diversified portfolio to mitigate risks.
Final Insights
Focus on balancing loan repayments, savings, and investments to secure your family's future amidst current and upcoming financial obligations.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

Pls elaborate by including mf sip
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Financial Guidance for Your Current Situation
You are 32 years old, earning Rs. 1.45 lakh per month in hand, and managing several financial responsibilities. Here's a comprehensive plan:

Managing Home Loans
Continue paying off your father's home loan of Rs. 24 lakhs.
Prepare for the upcoming EMI on your flat's loan of Rs. 70 lakhs once possession is granted.
Monthly Expenses and Rent
Maintain your budget with Rs. 30,000 monthly expenses and Rs. 15,500 rent.
Plan for future expenses considering your growing family.
Financial Security for Family
Ensure your loan insurance covers the Rs. 70 lakh flat loan adequately.
Plan for contingencies with health insurance for your family.
Savings and Investments Strategy
Allocate surplus funds towards investments that balance risk and returns.
Consider investing Rs. 5,000 monthly in Mutual Fund SIPs for wealth creation.
Avoid index funds; prefer actively managed funds for better returns.
Planning for Child's Future
Start planning early for your baby girl's education and future needs.
Consider setting up a dedicated fund or investment plan.
Retirement Planning
Begin building a retirement corpus through systematic investments.
Aim for a diversified portfolio to mitigate risks.
Final Insights
Focus on balancing loan repayments, savings, and investments to secure your family's future amidst current and upcoming financial obligations. Regularly review your financial plan and adapt as your circumstances evolve.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 08, 2024Hindi
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Hi. I have a gold finance business and it's generates around 15%annum . I haven't done any SIPs in mutual funds .. We have PPF and Jeevan Anand Plans for the family ..Should I start SIPs at this moment when index is above 24000 and 80000 ?
Ans: You have a gold finance business generating 15% per annum.

You have investments in PPF and Jeevan Anand plans.

Investment in SIPs
Starting SIPs is advisable. They help in averaging out market volatility.

Don't worry about the index levels. SIPs work on the principle of Rupee Cost Averaging.

Surrender Jeevan Anand
Consider surrendering your Jeevan Anand plans. The returns are typically lower.

Reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds for better growth.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds offer professional management. They can outperform indices in different market conditions.

They have the potential for higher returns compared to index funds.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds mimic the market. They can't outperform the index.

They don't adapt to changing market conditions.

Benefits of Regular Funds
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers guidance. CFPs help in selecting the right funds.

Regular funds also provide better customer service and support.

Diversification Benefits
SIPs in mutual funds diversify your portfolio. This reduces risk and enhances potential returns.

Final Insights
Starting SIPs is a smart move. It complements your existing investments.

Seek advice from a CFP for a balanced portfolio.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

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I am 51 now and want to retire now. What should be retirement corpus i need if my current monthly expenditure is 75000.
Ans: You want to retire now at 51. Your current monthly expenditure is Rs. 75,000. Let's determine the retirement corpus needed.

Inflation Consideration
Consider inflation, which will increase your expenses over time. Assuming an average inflation rate of 6%, expenses will double in about 12 years.

Longevity Planning
Plan for a retirement period of 30 years. This ensures you have enough funds even if you live longer.

Safe Withdrawal Rate
A safe withdrawal rate is around 4% per year. This helps preserve your capital while providing regular income.

Calculating the Corpus
To generate Rs. 75,000 monthly, you need Rs. 9 lakhs annually. With a 4% withdrawal rate, the corpus required is Rs. 2.25 crores.

Investing for Retirement
Invest in a mix of equity and debt funds. Actively managed funds provide better returns than index funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice.

Healthcare and Emergencies
Set aside funds for healthcare and emergencies. Health insurance and an emergency fund are essential.

Reviewing and Adjusting
Regularly review your investments. Adjust them based on market conditions and personal needs.

Final Insights
A corpus of Rs. 2.25 crores should be adequate for your retirement. Focus on inflation, longevity, and a safe withdrawal rate. Invest wisely and review regularly.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
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Hi, i will retire at 60 years, i am 42 and my monthly income is 91k and i am expecting the monthly income to be at 2 lakhs. I live in own house. Need suggestion to have a secured retired life.
Ans: You are 42 and plan to retire at 60.

Your current monthly income is Rs 91,000.

You expect this to grow to Rs 2 lakhs.

Current Investments
You live in your own house, which is an asset.

However, don't rely on real estate for liquid investments.

Retirement Planning
To secure your retired life, diversify investments.

Invest in a mix of equity and debt mutual funds.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity funds provide high growth potential.

Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and flexi-cap funds.

These offer balanced risk and return.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds offer stability and moderate returns.

They are less risky than equity funds.

They ensure a steady income during retirement.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Start SIPs in both equity and debt mutual funds.

Invest a fixed amount monthly for disciplined saving.

SIPs help in rupee cost averaging and compounding.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds aim to beat the market.

Professional managers make strategic decisions.

They adapt to market changes better than index funds.

Avoid Direct Funds
Direct funds lack expert guidance.

Regular funds with CFP advice provide better returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of at least 6 months of expenses.

This ensures liquidity during unexpected events.

Health Insurance
Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance.

This reduces medical expenses burden post-retirement.

Final Insights
Your current plan is on the right track.

Diversify your investments for balanced growth and stability.

Plan with a Certified Financial Planner for best results.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 03, 2024Hindi
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together me and my wife earn 95K a month, i am hardly able to save 5K a month from last 6 months which i am putting in Mutual Fund. i want to earn more, but not able to get clients to earn more. I have skills of building static websites and basic IT services, but i am still not able to earn more than my salary, worried about my child future financially. Help me Please!
Ans: You and your wife earn Rs. 95,000 a month. Saving Rs. 5,000 monthly for the last six months is a good start. You are concerned about your child's future.

Income Diversification
You have skills in building static websites and basic IT services. These can generate additional income. Let's explore how to enhance these skills and attract more clients.

Enhancing Your Skills
Consider learning advanced web development skills. Online courses and certifications can improve your skill set. Higher skills often lead to better-paying projects.

Networking and Marketing
Promote your services on social media. Join online forums and communities related to web development. Networking can help you find potential clients and build your reputation.

Creating a Portfolio
Build a portfolio showcasing your best work. A strong portfolio can attract clients. Include testimonials from satisfied customers.

Pricing Your Services
Research the market rates for web development. Price your services competitively. Offering quality work at a reasonable price can attract more clients.

Financial Planning
Review your monthly expenses. Look for areas where you can cut costs. Redirect these savings towards investments or skill development.

Investing Wisely
Continue investing in mutual funds. Actively managed funds offer better returns. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized investment advice.

Child's Future
Start a dedicated savings plan for your child's education. Consider PPF or Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for long-term growth. These options provide tax benefits and security.

Final Insights
Focus on enhancing your skills, networking, and marketing to increase your income. Review expenses to find additional savings. Invest wisely for long-term growth and security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
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I am 28 years old. Have 3 lakhs in PF and 2 lakhs in PPF ,5 lakhs in Share and 2 Lakhs in mutual fund. My monthly salary is 1 lakhs could you please suggest me investment plans that will help me to create 1 crore corpse and buy a house in Mumbai.
Ans: You have Rs 3 lakhs in PF, Rs 2 lakhs in PPF.

You also have Rs 5 lakhs in shares and Rs 2 lakhs in mutual funds.

Your monthly salary is Rs 1 lakh.

Creating a Rs 1 Crore Corpus
Start a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in equity mutual funds.

Invest Rs 20,000 monthly in equity funds for high growth.

Consider a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and flexi-cap funds.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.

Fund managers make strategic decisions for better returns.

They adapt to market changes more effectively than index funds.

Avoid Direct Funds
Direct funds lack professional management.

Regular funds with CFP guidance provide better returns.

Professional fund managers offer expertise and strategic insights.

Public Provident Fund (PPF) and Employee Provident Fund (EPF)
Continue contributing to PPF and EPF for tax benefits.

They offer safe and guaranteed returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of at least 6 months of expenses.

This ensures liquidity during unexpected events.

Buying a House in Mumbai
Create a separate savings plan for the house.

Consider debt funds for moderate returns and low risk.

Avoid real estate investments to keep liquidity.

Final Insights
Your current portfolio is balanced.

Increase equity exposure for higher growth.

Plan your investments with a Certified Financial Planner for the best outcomes.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 16, 2024Hindi
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Dear Sir, I am 41 years old female. Single. Work in mumbai. Salary in hand 1.90lac pm ctc 30 lacs. Pay nominal rent of 20k. Have a flat in kolkata suburb. Loan due 5lacs ( 8.2k pm emi) and edu loan 3lacs( 10k emi) . Has cash deposit of 10lacs. Mutial 11lacs. Ppf 12 lacs. Lic 3. Ppf nsc 3lacs. Fd of 5lacs Pls guide me how can i plan retirement and good saving habit for future keeping my mid class comfy lifetsyle. I hv not bought car intentionally. To avoid too much maintennece cost and responsibility. Not in habit of buying costlh gadgets. But yes i travel a lot own on expense avg 10 15 k per month . Eat good fancy food . And yes have a good style for cloths so have moderate 10k expense on cloths restaurant food. 100% self dependnet. Kindly advise and guide to best of savings habit. Regards
Ans: You have a good salary and a stable financial position. Let's plan for retirement and improve savings habits while maintaining your lifestyle.

Assessing Monthly Expenses
Your monthly salary is Rs. 1.90 lakhs. Major expenses include:

Rent: Rs. 20,000

EMI for flat: Rs. 8,200

EMI for education loan: Rs. 10,000

Travel: Rs. 10,000 to 15,000

Clothes and food: Rs. 10,000

Existing Savings and Investments
Cash deposit: Rs. 10 lakhs

Mutual funds: Rs. 11 lakhs

PPF: Rs. 12 lakhs

LIC: Rs. 3 lakhs

NSC: Rs. 3 lakhs

FD: Rs. 5 lakhs

Establishing Financial Goals
You want to plan for retirement and develop good savings habits. Let's focus on maximizing returns and ensuring financial security.

Diversify Investments
Consider diversifying your investments. Actively managed mutual funds can provide higher returns. They are managed by professionals who adapt to market changes.

Increase Retirement Contributions
Increase contributions to PPF or NPS. These options provide tax benefits and long-term growth. Aim to contribute the maximum limit annually.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of six months' expenses. Your cash deposit of Rs. 10 lakhs can serve this purpose. It ensures financial security in case of unforeseen events.

Reduce Debt
Focus on paying off your education loan first. The EMI of Rs. 10,000 can be directed towards investments once the loan is cleared. This will free up cash flow and reduce financial stress.

Maintain a Balanced Lifestyle
You have moderate expenses on travel, food, and clothes. This is reasonable and contributes to your happiness. Maintain this balance while ensuring you save and invest wisely.

Seek Professional Advice
Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide personalized advice and help you create a detailed financial plan. This ensures your goals are met effectively.

Final Insights
Your financial situation is strong, but optimizing investments is crucial. Diversify your portfolio, increase retirement contributions, and reduce debt. Maintain a balanced lifestyle while focusing on savings.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 29, 2024Hindi
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One of my friend's husband passed away recently, he had term plan of 1cr. So she got that money she has 3 young kids, she want to invest this amount so she can get some amount for her family expenses, and this investment remain intact. Her monthly expenses are about 25-30 thousand. She has no debt, owns her house, and gold of 3-4 lakh in form of jwellery. Is there any way so she can manage faimly?
Ans: Your friend can manage her family's expenses by investing the Rs. 1 crore wisely. Let's explore options to generate monthly income and keep the principal intact.

Investment in Safe Fixed-Income Options
She can invest in safe, fixed-income options like Senior Citizens Scheme and MIP of Post Office. These offer steady returns with low risk, ensuring her monthly expenses are covered.

Importance of Certified Financial Planner
Consulting a CFP can provide tailored advice. They can assess her financial needs and goals. This ensures her investments align with her family's requirements.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Consider investing in actively managed funds for higher returns. These funds are professionally managed and can adapt to market changes. This helps in achieving better growth and managing risks.

Creating a Balanced Investment Portfolio
A balanced investment portfolio can provide stability and growth. She can allocate a portion in safe fixed-income options and another in actively managed funds. This diversification ensures steady income and capital growth.

Evaluating Monthly Income Needs
With monthly expenses of Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 30,000, she needs to generate about Rs. 3.6 lakhs annually. Safe fixed-income options can cover this, while actively managed funds can provide growth.

Final Insights
Investing the Rs. 1 crore wisely can ensure her family's financial stability. Consider safe fixed-income options and actively managed funds. Consult a CFP for personalized investment strategies and balanced financial planning.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4799 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 30, 2024Hindi
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Money
Dear Sir, I had retired from railways in Dec'23. I receive a regular monthly pension of Rs. 50000/- & Rs.9260/- as monthly dividend by investing Rs. 1500000/- in HDFC balanced advantage fund( IDCW). I have also invested Rs.3000000/- in ICICI Pru Multi-asset fund(G), Rs.1000000/- in SBI Multi Asset allocation fund(G) & Rs.2000000/- in SBI Amrit Kalash for 400 days. A considerable amount of Rs. 2500000/-(approx) is being spent for ongoing renovation work of my residence. I have a cash amount of Rs.1500000/-(approx) in SBI @ 7.30% interest which I wish to maintain as emergency fund. I'm entitled to railway medical facilities & I have a floating (With wife) health insurance of Rs. 1000000/- wef March'24. Is my investment plan ok? If not, please advise me the right plan to follow. Thank you.
Ans: Your retirement plan seems well-thought-out.

A regular pension and dividends provide stable income.

Balanced Advantage Fund
Investing in a balanced advantage fund is wise.

It offers stability and some growth.

Multi-Asset Funds
Multi-asset funds diversify your portfolio.

This reduces risk and offers moderate returns.

Fixed Deposit for Safety
Keeping funds in a fixed deposit is a good safety net.

It offers guaranteed returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining Rs 15 lakhs for emergencies is prudent.

It ensures liquidity in urgent situations.

Health Insurance Coverage
Railway medical facilities and health insurance provide good coverage.

This reduces your medical expense burden.

Renovation Expenses
Spending Rs 25 lakhs on renovation is considerable.

Ensure it doesn't impact your financial stability.

Suggestions for Improvement
Consider reallocating some funds to debt mutual funds.

These offer better returns than fixed deposits with moderate risk.

Avoid Direct Funds
Direct funds lack professional management.

Regular funds with CFP guidance are better for returns.

Actively Managed Funds Over Index Funds
Actively managed funds aim for higher returns.

Index funds only track market performance.

Final Insights
Your plan is largely sound and balanced.

Diversifying more into debt funds could enhance returns.

Continue monitoring and adjusting your portfolio as needed.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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