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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 16, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 09, 2024Hindi

Hi, I have 1cr corpus 2 lakhs in my ppf, 1lakh in MF, 6 lakhs in stocks. Earning 1.3 lakhs pm. Can i retire by investing rightly please advise ? I need 1 lakh a month for expenses.

Ans: It's great that you're considering retirement planning. Let's analyze your current financial situation and explore whether your investments can support your retirement goals.

Understanding Your Assets
Corpus Allocation: Your corpus of 1 crore is a valuable asset that can potentially generate passive income to support your retirement.
PPF and MF Investments: Your investments in PPF and mutual funds provide a mix of stability and growth potential, contributing to your overall financial portfolio.
Stock Investments: Holding 6 lakhs in stocks offers the opportunity for capital appreciation and dividend income, albeit with some level of risk.
Evaluating Retirement Readiness
Monthly Income: With an earning of 1.3 lakhs per month, you have a substantial income stream that can contribute to your retirement savings.
Expense Requirements: Your monthly expense target of 1 lakh is crucial in determining how much you'll need from your investments to sustain your retirement lifestyle.
Retirement Investment Strategy
Income Generation: Focus on building a diversified investment portfolio that generates regular income to cover your monthly expenses.
Asset Allocation: Consider reallocating your assets to achieve a balanced mix of income-generating investments such as fixed deposits, dividend-paying stocks, and bonds.
Risk Management: Assess and manage the risk associated with your investments to ensure steady income streams during retirement.
Retirement Income Sources
Passive Income: Explore avenues to generate passive income from your investments, including rental income from real estate, dividends from stocks, and interest from fixed deposits.
Annuity Plans: Annuity plans can provide guaranteed income during retirement, offering stability and peace of mind.
Financial Planning Recommendations
Comprehensive Retirement Plan: Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to develop a personalized retirement plan tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance.
Regular Reviews: Periodically review and adjust your retirement plan based on changes in your financial situation, market conditions, and retirement goals.
Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses and contingencies during retirement.
While your current investments provide a solid foundation for retirement, it's essential to develop a comprehensive retirement plan that addresses your income needs, risk tolerance, and long-term financial goals. By investing wisely and seeking professional guidance, you can work towards achieving a financially secure and fulfilling retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
I am 29 yrs old. I investing 90k per month in mutual fund and stock market valued approx 34lakh and 11 lakh respectively. I also have 100 units of SGB amd activity investing in it around 10 units per issue. Just started PPF investment this year. I need to retire by age of 45. And want 3 lakh per month for monthly expenses. Please guide am i going in right directions?
Ans: At 29, you're demonstrating a proactive approach towards securing your financial future, which is commendable. Your investments in mutual funds, stocks, Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs), and Public Provident Fund (PPF) reflect a diversified portfolio aimed at wealth accumulation.

Investing in mutual funds and the stock market can offer substantial growth potential over the long term, especially when approached with a disciplined strategy and a focus on quality investments. Your current portfolio values of approximately 34 lakh in mutual funds and 11 lakh in stocks indicate a significant commitment to building wealth through equities.

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) offer a unique avenue for investing in gold, providing the dual benefits of capital appreciation and fixed interest income. Your strategy of actively investing in SGBs, averaging around 10 units per issue, aligns with a long-term wealth accumulation plan.

Additionally, initiating PPF investments this year adds a layer of stability to your portfolio. PPF offers attractive tax benefits and a guaranteed rate of return, making it a suitable option for retirement planning.

However, retiring by the age of 45 and aiming for a monthly expense of 3 lakh rupees necessitates a thorough evaluation of your financial plan. While your current investments show promise, achieving your retirement goal will require careful planning and possibly adjusting your investment strategy.

As a Certified Financial Planner, I recommend the following steps:

Conduct a comprehensive financial assessment to determine your current financial position, retirement goals, and risk tolerance.
Develop a detailed retirement plan, considering factors such as inflation, lifestyle expenses, and investment returns.
Evaluate the adequacy of your current savings and investment strategy in meeting your retirement income needs.
Explore options for increasing your savings rate and optimizing your investment portfolio to maximize returns while managing risk.
Continuously monitor and adjust your financial plan as needed to stay on track towards achieving your retirement goals.
In summary, while you've made significant strides in building your investment portfolio, retiring by the age of 45 and generating a monthly income of 3 lakh rupees will require careful planning and disciplined execution. By working with a Certified Financial Planner and regularly reviewing your financial plan, you can increase the likelihood of achieving your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 15, 2024Hindi
I am 41 years of age, i am invested about 40 Lakhs in stocks and about 60 Lakhs of total corpas in mutual funds which includes Rs.15,000 for HDFC balanced fund, Rs. 15,000 towards HDFC Top 100 and Rs.30,000 toward mirae asset large cap fund and Rs. 20,000 towards axis small cap fund and Rs 20,000 towards UTI index fund. Apart from this i have a FD of Rs.1Cr, sovereign gold bond of 5 lakhs and Rs. 30 Lakhs towaeds corporate bonds. I would like to retire by 45 with with monthly income of Rs. 1.5 lakhs. Please evaluate and tell me will i be able to achieve this
Ans: Embarking on the journey towards early retirement at 45 with a monthly income target of ?1.5 lakhs necessitates a thorough evaluation of your current financial portfolio and its alignment with your retirement aspirations.

Reviewing Your Current Investment Allocation
Your investment portfolio exhibits a diverse mix of assets, including stocks, mutual funds, fixed deposits (FDs), sovereign gold bonds, and corporate bonds. This diversified approach reflects a prudent strategy towards wealth accumulation and risk management.

Assessing the Suitability of Investment Choices
Your allocation towards stocks and mutual funds, totaling ?1 crore, signifies a substantial exposure to equity markets, which offer the potential for higher returns over the long term. However, it's essential to ensure that this allocation aligns with your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Analyzing the Retirement Income Requirement
With a targeted monthly income of ?1.5 lakhs post-retirement, we must evaluate whether your current portfolio can generate sufficient passive income to meet this goal. This assessment involves projecting the potential income streams from your existing investments and identifying any gaps that need to be addressed.

Evaluating Retirement Readiness
Given your age of 41 and the desired retirement age of 45, it's crucial to ascertain whether your current savings and investment trajectory can facilitate an early retirement while sustaining your desired lifestyle. This evaluation entails stress-testing your retirement plan against various scenarios, including market volatility and inflationary pressures.

Crafting a Retirement Strategy
To bridge any potential income shortfall and bolster your retirement corpus, we may need to explore additional avenues for wealth accumulation. This could involve increasing your contributions to equity-oriented investments, optimizing tax-efficient strategies, and diversifying into alternative income-generating assets.

Providing Personalized Retirement Solutions
As a Certified Financial Planner, I specialize in tailoring bespoke retirement solutions that cater to your unique financial circumstances and aspirations. By leveraging a combination of investment vehicles, tax planning strategies, and retirement income streams, we can devise a robust plan to achieve your early retirement objective with confidence.

Conclusion: Striving Towards Financial Freedom
In conclusion, achieving early retirement at 45 with a monthly income of ?1.5 lakhs requires a strategic blend of prudent investing, diligent planning, and proactive portfolio management. Through a collaborative approach and personalized guidance, we can navigate the path to financial freedom, ensuring a secure and fulfilling retirement lifestyle for you.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 22, 2024Hindi
Hi I am 45 with no job, my mutual fund investment value 1.2 cr, fd 60 lac, post office fd 25 lac, post office ppf 22 lac, post office mis 15 lac, sgb 12 lac and a house 40 lac. Monthly expenses is 70000. I want to know whether to retire with this corpus or not.
Ans: Your current financial situation shows prudent planning and investment. Managing a corpus of ?2.54 crores at age 45 is commendable. Let’s evaluate whether you can retire comfortably with your current investments.

Understanding Your Financial Position
You have diversified your investments well. Here's a breakdown of your assets:

Mutual Funds: ?1.2 crores
Fixed Deposit (FD): ?60 lakhs
Post Office FD: ?25 lakhs
Post Office PPF: ?22 lakhs
Post Office MIS: ?15 lakhs
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB): ?12 lakhs
House: ?40 lakhs
Monthly Expenses: ?70,000
Your total investable assets (excluding the house) amount to ?2.34 crores. This is a substantial corpus, but let's assess if it's sufficient for your retirement needs.

Evaluating Retirement Feasibility
Monthly Expenses and Inflation
Your current monthly expense is ?70,000. Over time, inflation will increase your expenses. Planning for future expenses is crucial to maintain your lifestyle.

Expected Returns on Investments
Different assets yield different returns. Equity mutual funds, fixed deposits, and gold have varying rates of return. A well-balanced portfolio is necessary to manage risks and ensure consistent income.

Drawdown Strategy
A systematic withdrawal plan can help you manage your expenses without exhausting your corpus prematurely. Let’s explore different investment avenues and their potential.

Detailed Analysis of Current Investments
Mutual Funds
You have ?1.2 crores in mutual funds. Actively managed funds can provide better returns compared to index funds. Fund managers actively make decisions to maximize returns, which can help grow your corpus over time.

Fixed Deposits
You have ?60 lakhs in bank FDs and ?25 lakhs in post office FDs. While these offer safety and stability, their returns might not keep up with inflation. Diversifying a portion of these funds into higher-yielding investments could be beneficial.

Post Office PPF and MIS
Your investments in PPF (?22 lakhs) and MIS (?15 lakhs) offer stable and predictable returns. These are good for long-term security, but again, they might not fully counteract inflation over many years.

Sovereign Gold Bonds
Gold acts as a hedge against inflation. Your ?12 lakhs in SGBs provide stability. However, the returns are typically lower compared to equities. Ensure this forms only a small part of your overall portfolio.

Your house valued at ?40 lakhs is a significant asset. While it provides security, it doesn’t generate regular income unless you plan to rent it out.

Strategies to Secure Retirement
Increase Equity Exposure
Equities generally offer higher returns than fixed income and gold. Consider reallocating a portion of your FDs into equity mutual funds for higher growth potential. Actively managed funds can outperform the market with strategic investments.

Maintain a Balanced Portfolio
A balanced portfolio of equities, fixed income, and gold can provide growth, stability, and inflation protection. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with market conditions and financial goals.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Implementing an SWP from your mutual fund investments can provide a steady monthly income. This strategy allows you to withdraw a fixed amount at regular intervals, ensuring liquidity and stability.

Avoid Direct Mutual Funds
Direct mutual funds have lower expense ratios but lack advisory services. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credentials can offer valuable guidance, helping you make informed decisions and optimizing returns.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Regularly review your financial plan and rebalance your portfolio. This ensures your investments remain aligned with your risk tolerance and changing market conditions. A Certified Financial Planner can assist in these reviews.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to six to twelve months of expenses. This ensures you don’t need to dip into your long-term investments for unforeseen expenses.

Inflation Protection
Consider investments that offer inflation-adjusted returns. Equities and certain bonds can help combat inflation, ensuring your purchasing power remains intact over time.

Health and Life Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance coverage. This protects your savings from being eroded by unexpected medical expenses and provides financial security to your family.

You have done an excellent job accumulating a substantial corpus. With careful planning and strategic investments, you can retire comfortably. Consider increasing your equity exposure, maintaining a balanced portfolio, and implementing a systematic withdrawal plan to ensure a steady retirement income.

Regularly review your plan with a Certified Financial Planner to make necessary adjustments. This will help you stay on track to meet your retirement goals and ensure financial security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 25, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, I am 40 years old and working in IT company. My intake monthly salary is 1.10 lakh. I have 6L in PF, 2L in PPF, 4L in stocks, 3.5L in emergency fund inFD and 2.5L in cash. And I have 3L in MF with month sip in 4-4K in HDFC nifty 50 Index fund and HDFC multicap fund and 10k monthly in LIC. I have only 1 child 10 years old and I want to retire with 3-4 crore for my future expenses and for my child education and other things. I can now invest 60k monthly so plz guide me how can I achieve.
Ans: Your goal of accumulating Rs 3-4 crore for future expenses and your child’s education is both achievable and admirable. Given your current savings and investment profile, let’s explore how you can strategically allocate your resources to reach your financial targets.

Assessment of Your Current Financial Position
You have a well-diversified portfolio, which includes provident fund (PF), public provident fund (PPF), stocks, emergency funds in fixed deposits (FD), mutual funds (MF), and life insurance (LIC). Your monthly salary is Rs 1.10 lakh, and you are able to invest Rs 60,000 monthly. Here’s a summary of your current assets:

Provident Fund (PF): Rs 6 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 2 lakh
Stocks: Rs 4 lakh
Emergency Fund in FD: Rs 3.5 lakh
Cash: Rs 2.5 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs 3 lakh (with SIPs of Rs 4,000 each in HDFC Nifty 50 Index Fund and HDFC Multicap Fund)
LIC: Rs 10,000 monthly
Evaluating Your Investment Options
Mutual Funds: Actively Managed Funds
You already have investments in index funds and multicap funds. However, actively managed funds could offer better returns due to professional management and active stock selection.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:

Professional Management: Experts manage your investments, making strategic decisions to maximize returns.

Potential for Higher Returns: Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.

Flexibility: Fund managers can quickly adapt to market changes.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Market-Linked Returns: Index funds merely replicate the market, lacking potential for higher returns.

No Active Management: Index funds don’t benefit from professional stock selection.

Given these points, consider allocating more to actively managed funds for potentially higher growth.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a disciplined approach to investing. It helps in averaging out the cost of investment and reduces the impact of market volatility.

Advantages of SIP:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Reduces the impact of market volatility by averaging out the purchase cost.

Discipline: Ensures regular investment without worrying about market timing.

Compounding: Long-term SIPs benefit from the power of compounding.

You are already investing through SIPs, which is excellent. Increasing your SIP amounts can further accelerate your wealth creation.

Fixed Deposits (FD) for Emergency Fund
Your emergency fund in FD is well-placed for safety and liquidity.

Advantages of FD:

Safety: FDs are considered very safe.

Guaranteed Returns: FDs offer fixed and guaranteed interest rates.

Disadvantages of FD:

Lower Returns: FD returns are generally lower compared to mutual funds.

Inflation Risk: Returns may not keep up with inflation.

Ensure your emergency fund remains adequate but consider other investment avenues for higher returns on excess funds.

Your investment in stocks shows a higher risk tolerance, which is beneficial for growth.

Advantages of Stocks:

High Returns: Stocks have the potential for high returns over the long term.

Ownership: Provides ownership in companies and benefits from their growth.

Disadvantages of Stocks:

Volatility: Stocks can be highly volatile and risky.

Time-Consuming: Requires constant monitoring and market knowledge.

Continue investing in stocks but balance this with safer options for risk management.

Strategic Allocation to Achieve Your Goal
To accumulate Rs 3-4 crore, you need a balanced approach that maximizes growth while managing risks.

Step 1: Increase SIP in Actively Managed Mutual Funds
Shift Focus: Allocate more funds to actively managed equity mutual funds instead of index funds.

Diversify: Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds for diversification.

Step 2: Maintain Adequate Emergency Fund
FD for Safety: Keep 6-12 months’ expenses in FD for emergency needs.

Liquid Funds: Consider liquid mutual funds for better returns with liquidity.

Step 3: Continue Investing in Stocks
Balanced Portfolio: Maintain a balanced portfolio of blue-chip and growth stocks.

Regular Review: Periodically review and rebalance your stock portfolio.

Step 4: Utilize PPF and PF Wisely
PPF Contributions: Continue contributing to PPF for tax benefits and safe returns.

PF Growth: Let your PF grow, benefiting from compounded returns.

Step 5: LIC and Insurance Planning
Review Policies: Ensure your LIC policy aligns with your financial goals.

Adequate Coverage: Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage for your family’s security.
Insurance-cum-investment schemes
Insurance-cum-investment schemes (ULIPs, endowment plans) offer a one-stop solution for insurance and investment needs. However, they might not be the best choice for pure investment due to:
• Lower Potential Returns: Guaranteed returns are usually lower than what MFs can offer through market exposure.
• Higher Costs: Multiple fees in insurance plans (allocation charges, admin fees) can reduce returns compared to the expense ratio of MFs.
• Limited Flexibility: Lock-in periods restrict access to your money, whereas MFs provide more flexibility.
MFs, on the other hand, focus solely on investment and offer:
• Potentially Higher Returns: Investments in stocks and bonds can lead to higher growth compared to guaranteed returns.
• Lower Costs: Expense ratios in MFs are generally lower than the multiple fees in insurance plans.
• Greater Control: You have a wider range of investment options and control over asset allocation to suit your risk appetite.
Consider your goals!
• Need life insurance? Term Insurance plans might be suitable.
• Focus on growing wealth? MFs might be a better option due to their flexibility and return potential.

Planning for Child’s Education and Retirement
Your child’s education and your retirement are your primary goals. Here’s a strategy to address both.

Child’s Education
Education Fund: Start a dedicated fund for your child’s education with equity mutual funds for growth.

Systematic Transfers: As your child approaches college age, systematically transfer funds to safer investments.

Retirement Planning
Retirement Corpus: Focus on building a retirement corpus through a mix of equity and debt mutual funds.

Regular Review: Review your retirement plan annually and adjust contributions as needed.

Estimating Future Value
While specific calculations are beyond this scope, a financial calculator or a Certified Financial Planner can help estimate the future value of your investments. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your strategy is essential to stay on track.

Final Thoughts and Recommendations
Your current financial discipline is commendable. To achieve your goal of Rs 3-4 crore, continue your SIPs, focus on actively managed funds, and maintain a diversified portfolio. Balance risk and safety through strategic asset allocation.

Thank you for seeking my guidance. Your proactive approach to securing your financial future and your child’s education is admirable. Feel free to reach out for further personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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