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Harsh Bharwani  |56 Answers  |Ask -

Entrepreneurship Expert - Answered on Jul 04, 2023

Harsh Bharwani is a fourth generation entrepreneur.
As CEO and managing director, he leads the international business and employability initiatives at the computer networking institute, Jetking Infotrain Limited.
After graduating from Delhi University, Bharwani joined the family business in 2010 and set up operations in the US and Vietnam.
He has trained over three lakh students in employability, confidence and key life skills.... more
Rajarshi Question by Rajarshi on Jun 26, 2023Hindi

Hello Sir, I want to start imparting education on financial market online and offline as well. Will it be a good proposition off late where lot of contents are freely available for consumption on social media platforms?

Ans: Hello! Starting to impart education on the financial market, both online and offline, can still be a good proposition, despite the abundance of freely available content on social media platforms. Here are a few points to consider:
1. Unique Perspective and Expertise: Even though there is a lot of information available online, your unique perspective, expertise, and teaching style can attract learners who resonate with your approach. Providing valuable insights, practical examples, and personalized guidance can differentiate your educational offerings from the generic content available.
2. Credibility and Trust: Building credibility and trust with your audience is crucial. Establishing yourself as an authority in the field by demonstrating your knowledge and expertise can make learners more likely to choose your courses over the vast array of content available on social media.
3. Structured Learning Experience: Many learners prefer a structured learning experience that progresses in a logical and organized manner. By designing comprehensive courses or programs, you can provide a step-by-step learning journey, ensuring learners gain a solid foundation and develop a deep understanding of the financial market.
4. Interactivity and Personalization: One advantage of online and offline education is the ability to engage with learners directly. Offering interactive elements such as live Q&A sessions, case studies, quizzes, or one-on-one coaching can enhance the learning experience and provide value beyond what freely available content can offer.
5. Targeted Audience: Identify your target audience and their specific needs. Tailor your content to address their pain points, challenges, and goals. By focusing on a niche within the financial market, you can attract learners who are specifically interested in that area and willing to invest in specialized education.
6. Marketing and Branding: Establishing a strong brand and marketing your educational offerings effectively is essential. Develop a professional website or platform to showcase your courses, testimonials, and success stories. Leverage social media platforms, email marketing, and partnerships to reach your target audience and build a community around your educational brand.
7. Continuous Learning and Adaptation: The financial market is constantly evolving, so it's crucial to stay updated with the latest trends, regulations, and strategies. Continuously improving and adapting your courses based on market changes will help you provide relevant and valuable education.
Remember, while there is a wealth of free content available, many individuals still prefer structured, expert-led, and personalized learning experiences. By offering unique perspectives, establishing credibility, and providing value beyond what is freely available, you can create a successful proposition in the financial market education space. Good luck with your endeavors!

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Abhishek Shah  |76 Answers  |Ask -

HR Expert - Answered on Sep 28, 2023

best digital marketing course online
Ans: Hello Arun,

When it comes to finding the best digital marketing course online, there are several factors to consider to ensure you make the right choice. Digital marketing is a dynamic and evolving field, so it's essential to choose a course that provides up-to-date and comprehensive content. Here are some key considerations for selecting the best online digital marketing course:

Course Content and Curriculum: Look for courses that cover a wide range of digital marketing topics, including search engine optimization (SEO), social media marketing, content marketing, email marketing, pay-per-click advertising (PPC), analytics, and more. Make sure the course aligns with your specific interests and career goals.

Instructor Expertise: Check the credentials and experience of the course instructors. Ideally, they should have a strong background in digital marketing, with practical experience in the industry. Look for courses taught by experts who are actively involved in the field.

Interactive Learning: Online courses should offer interactive elements such as quizzes, assignments, and hands-on projects to reinforce your learning. Practical application of digital marketing concepts is crucial for skill development.

Certification: Many online courses offer certificates upon completion. Consider courses that provide recognized certifications from reputable organizations or institutions, as these can add value to your resume.

Reviews and Testimonials: Research reviews and testimonials from previous students to gauge the course's quality and effectiveness. Look for honest feedback about the course content, instructors, and support.

Price and Accessibility: Consider your budget and the affordability of the course. While some high-quality courses may be more expensive, there are also many excellent free or low-cost options available. Additionally, ensure that the course is accessible and user-friendly.

Up-to-Date Content: Digital marketing trends and tools change rapidly. Ensure that the course content is regularly updated to reflect the latest industry developments and best practices.

Support and Community: Look for courses that offer support through forums, discussion boards, or direct access to instructors. A strong online community can be valuable for networking and problem-solving.

Flexibility: Consider your schedule and learning style. Some courses offer self-paced learning, while others follow a structured timeline. Choose a format that aligns with your preferences and availability.

Additional Resources: Check if the course provides supplementary resources such as ebooks, templates, or access to relevant tools and software.

To help you get started, here are a few reputable platforms known for offering high-quality digital marketing courses:

Coursera: Offers courses from universities and institutions around the world, including the Digital Marketing Specialization from the University of Illinois.

edX: Provides access to courses from top universities, including the Digital Marketing MicroMasters program from Curtin University.

Udemy: Offers a wide range of digital marketing courses, including options from industry experts.

HubSpot Academy: Provides free courses and certifications in inbound marketing, content marketing, and more.

Google Digital Garage: Offers free courses in various digital marketing topics, including Google Ads and Analytics.

Ultimately, the best digital marketing course for you will depend on your specific goals, budget, and learning preferences. Take the time to research and compare options to find the one that best fits your needs.

Abhishek Shah

..Read more

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
I am 37 years old and a govt servant.i just recently started sip in four funds 1.Mirae asset large and midcap fund direct growth. _1k 2.quant large and mid cap fund direct growth_1k 3.kotak equity opportunities fund direct growth_1k 4.icici prudential retirement fund pure equity plan direct growth -5k Is it good for a term like 10 years?and if i want to invest 5k more then where should i invest for a term of 15 to 20 years.please advice .thank you
Ans: As a government servant at 37, planning for the future is crucial. Starting SIPs in mutual funds is a wise step, but evaluating and refining your strategy can optimize your returns. This analysis will guide you through your current investments and suggest additional avenues for a long-term horizon.

Current SIP Analysis

You've begun SIPs in four mutual funds with a 10-year perspective:

Mirae Asset Large and Midcap Fund
Quant Large and Midcap Fund
Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund
ICICI Prudential Retirement Fund Pure Equity Plan
Your current allocation in these funds is commendable. Let's evaluate the benefits and potential improvements.

1. Mirae Asset Large and Midcap Fund

This fund invests in both large and midcap stocks. It offers growth potential from midcaps and stability from large caps. This balanced approach can yield good returns over the long term.

2. Quant Large and Midcap Fund

Similar to the Mirae Asset Fund, this fund also diversifies between large and midcap stocks. Diversification is a key strategy to mitigate risk while aiming for growth.

3. Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund

This fund focuses on equity opportunities across market caps. It's known for good management and consistent performance. It adds diversity to your portfolio.

4. ICICI Prudential Retirement Fund Pure Equity Plan

This fund is designed for long-term goals like retirement. It invests primarily in equities, which can offer higher returns over an extended period.

Your portfolio currently has a good mix of large-cap stability and mid-cap growth potential. However, since you're considering a long-term investment horizon of 15-20 years, let's explore where you can invest an additional Rs 5,000 per month.

Evaluating Direct Funds vs Regular Funds

You've invested in direct plans, which typically have lower expense ratios. However, regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) have their advantages. A CFP provides personalized advice, timely reviews, and adjustments to your portfolio. These services can potentially enhance your investment performance, justifying the slightly higher expense ratios.

Long-term Investment Strategy

For a long-term investment horizon of 15-20 years, consider the following factors:

Diversification: Spread investments across different asset classes and sectors.
Risk Tolerance: Understand your risk appetite and invest accordingly.
Consistent Review: Regularly review and adjust your portfolio based on market conditions and personal goals.
Recommended Investment Avenues

To invest an additional Rs 5,000 per month, here are some funds and strategies to consider:

1. Flexi Cap Funds

Flexi cap funds invest in stocks across market capitalizations. They offer flexibility to shift investments between large, mid, and small caps based on market conditions. This dynamic allocation can capture opportunities across the spectrum and provide robust returns over the long term.

2. Mid Cap Funds

Mid cap funds focus on medium-sized companies with high growth potential. These companies often grow faster than large caps and can offer higher returns. However, they come with higher risk, suitable for a long-term horizon.

3. Sectoral or Thematic Funds

These funds invest in specific sectors like technology, healthcare, or financial services. Investing in a growing sector can yield substantial returns. However, they are riskier and require careful selection and timing. For example, the healthcare sector in India is poised for significant growth due to increasing health awareness and spending.

4. International Funds

Investing in international funds provides exposure to global markets. This diversification can reduce risk associated with the Indian market. It also allows you to capitalize on the growth of developed economies and emerging markets. For instance, a fund investing in US technology stocks can offer high growth potential.

5. Balanced or Hybrid Funds

Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt instruments. They provide growth potential with equity and stability with debt. This mix can be suitable for moderate risk tolerance and long-term investment. These funds can provide a cushion during market volatility, ensuring smoother returns.

6. Multi-Asset Funds

Multi-asset funds diversify across various asset classes, including equity, debt, and gold. This diversification reduces risk and can provide steady returns. Investing in multiple assets helps in balancing the portfolio against market fluctuations.

The Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

While index funds passively track market indices, actively managed funds have fund managers making strategic decisions. Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market, providing higher returns. They adjust portfolios based on market trends, economic conditions, and company performance. This active management justifies the slightly higher expense ratios, as it can potentially lead to better returns than passive funds.

Implementing the Strategy

Based on the analysis, here's a suggested allocation for your additional Rs 5,000 investment:

Flexi Cap Fund: Rs 1,500
Mid Cap Fund: Rs 1,000
Sectoral/Thematic Fund: Rs 1,000
International Fund: Rs 1,000
Multi-Asset Fund: Rs 500
This allocation provides a balanced mix of growth potential and risk mitigation.

Regular Review and Adjustment

Investing is not a one-time activity. Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. A Certified Financial Planner can assist in this process, providing insights and adjustments based on market trends and your evolving financial situation.

Final Insights

Investing for the long term requires a strategic approach. Your current SIPs are a good start, and with the additional Rs 5,000 investment, you can further strengthen your portfolio. Diversification across different asset classes and sectors is key to maximizing returns and minimizing risk.

Consider the benefits of regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner. While they have higher expense ratios, the personalized advice and active management can enhance your investment performance.

Focus on a balanced mix of flexi cap, mid cap, sectoral/thematic, international, and multi-asset funds. This diversified approach can capture growth opportunities across markets and sectors, ensuring a robust and resilient portfolio.

Regularly review your investments, adjust based on performance and market conditions, and stay committed to your long-term goals. With careful planning and strategic investments, you can build a substantial corpus for your future needs.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
I am 28 years old, I have 18 lakhs invested in stocks and close to 8 lakhs with now monthly SIP of 45000 in MF. I hold no FDs and I have close to 7 lakhs as liquid fund. I do not own my house, I live with my parents in hometown and unmarried. How should I diversify my investments ? Also what are the suggestions as I currently do not own house and Car
Ans: Your current financial landscape includes a healthy mix of stocks, mutual funds, and liquid funds. You’re 28 years old, unmarried, and living with your parents, which gives you a strong base to diversify and grow your investments. Let’s delve into how you can optimize your portfolio and plan for your future needs.

Evaluating Your Current Portfolio
You’ve made some great strides already. Having Rs 18 lakhs in stocks and Rs 8 lakhs in mutual funds is commendable. You also have a monthly SIP of Rs 45,000, which is substantial and shows commitment to regular investing. Your Rs 7 lakhs in liquid funds offer a good emergency cushion.

However, diversification is key to mitigating risks and maximizing returns. Let’s explore how you can enhance your portfolio for better balance and growth.

Enhancing Your Mutual Fund Investments
While your SIP of Rs 45,000 is impressive, it's important to assess the mix of mutual funds you’re invested in. It’s crucial to have a blend of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds to spread out risk and potential returns.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds, as opposed to index funds, offer professional management and the potential for higher returns. Fund managers use their expertise to pick stocks that they believe will outperform the market. This active selection can lead to better performance, especially in a volatile market.

Expanding Your Investment Horizons
Debt Funds for Stability

Given that you don’t have fixed deposits, consider adding some debt funds to your portfolio. Debt funds can provide stability and regular income, which can counterbalance the volatility of your equity investments. They are generally less risky and can offer better returns than traditional fixed deposits.

Gold Investments for Hedging

Gold has always been a trusted asset in India. It acts as a hedge against inflation and currency fluctuations. Investing in gold ETFs or sovereign gold bonds can be a good way to add this asset to your portfolio without the hassle of physical storage.

Exploring New Investment Avenues
International Funds for Global Exposure

To truly diversify, consider investing in international mutual funds. These funds invest in global markets, giving you exposure to international equities. This can spread your risk further and tap into the growth potential of developed and emerging markets.

Sectoral and Thematic Funds

If you have a keen understanding of certain sectors, like technology or pharmaceuticals, sectoral funds can be a good choice. These funds focus on specific sectors, allowing you to benefit from sector-specific growth. However, they come with higher risks, so ensure you balance them with broader-based funds.

Building for Future Goals
Retirement Planning

Starting early with retirement planning is wise. Consider investing in equity-linked savings schemes (ELSS) for tax benefits and long-term growth. Also, look into setting up a Public Provident Fund (PPF) account, which offers tax benefits and a secure return.

Insurance for Security

Ensure you have adequate insurance coverage. Health insurance is crucial to cover any medical emergencies. Additionally, a term insurance policy will provide financial security to your dependents in case of any unforeseen events.

Saving for a Home and Car
You mentioned not owning a house or car. While it’s not urgent, planning for these big purchases is essential.

Home Purchase Planning

Given the rising real estate costs, it's smart to start a dedicated savings plan for your home purchase. Consider a mix of safer debt instruments and balanced funds for this purpose. The goal is to have a sizeable down payment ready when you decide to buy a home.

Car Purchase Planning

For a car, set up a separate savings account or a recurring deposit. This will ensure that you have the funds when you're ready to make the purchase without disrupting your long-term investment plans.

Leveraging Professional Guidance
While you’ve done a great job managing your investments so far, it might be beneficial to seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide tailored advice based on your goals and risk appetite, ensuring your investments are optimized for your needs.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds, which aim to replicate the performance of a specific index, lack the flexibility to adapt to market changes. They may not perform well in volatile markets and offer no potential for outperforming the market. Actively managed funds, in contrast, can be adjusted based on market conditions and provide opportunities for better returns.

Advantages of Regular Funds
Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offers several benefits over direct funds. MFDs provide valuable advice, portfolio management, and timely rebalancing. They help you navigate through market complexities and make informed decisions, which is crucial for maximizing returns and managing risks.

Final Insights
You are in a strong position financially, and with thoughtful diversification, you can enhance your portfolio further. By balancing your investments across various asset classes and ensuring you have a mix of stability and growth, you can secure your financial future.

Remember, financial planning is a continuous process. Regularly review your portfolio, stay updated with market trends, and adjust your investments as needed. Your commitment to saving and investing will pay off in the long run.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 14, 2024

Hello Sir, I am Srinivas. 53 years. I have 5 years service remaining. I have 1.4 crores in FD. On retirement, I can get 2 crores from PF, Superannuation & Gratuity. I do not have any loans. I can save 1.3 lakhs per month till my retirement. I have a son working. I need to keep 10 lakhs for his wedding. I have 2 flats - one given on rent & getting 1.5 lakhs per year on rent. I need 1 lakh per month for regular expenses. How I need to plan my finance considering my retirement. Request your advice. Thanks.
Ans: Hello Srinivas,

Firstly, it's commendable that you have planned ahead and saved significantly. Let's explore the best strategies to ensure a comfortable and secure retirement for you.

Current Financial Snapshot
You are 53 years old with five years until retirement. Here’s a quick overview of your current financial position:

Fixed Deposits: Rs 1.4 crores
Expected Retirement Corpus: Rs 2 crores from PF, Superannuation, and Gratuity
Monthly Savings Potential: Rs 1.3 lakhs
Monthly Expenses: Rs 1 lakh
Rental Income: Rs 1.5 lakhs per year
Upcoming Expense: Rs 10 lakhs for your son's wedding
No existing loans
This is a solid financial foundation. However, strategic planning will help ensure it lasts throughout your retirement.

Evaluating Fixed Deposits
Fixed Deposits (FDs) provide security and assured returns, but they often yield lower returns compared to other investment options. While FDs can be part of your portfolio for safety and liquidity, over-relying on them might not be the most efficient strategy for growth.

Transition to Actively Managed Funds
Given the disadvantages of index funds, such as lower potential returns and lack of active management, actively managed mutual funds are a preferable alternative. These funds can potentially offer higher returns through professional management. Regular funds, where you invest through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), come with the added benefit of expert guidance and personalized strategies, ensuring that your investments are well-aligned with your financial goals.

Monthly Savings Allocation
You can save Rs 1.3 lakhs per month until retirement. Here’s how you could allocate these savings:

Mutual Funds: Diversify your investment across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. This balance can provide stability while also leveraging growth opportunities. Actively managed funds should be the focus here.

Balanced Funds: These funds invest in a mix of equity and debt, providing growth potential with lower volatility. They can be a good addition for risk management.

Debt Funds: Considering your approaching retirement, debt funds can offer stable returns with lower risk, complementing the more aggressive equity investments.

Building a Retirement Corpus
By the time you retire, you will have accumulated a significant corpus. Let's detail how to manage this:

Existing Savings and Expected Corpus
Current FD: Rs 1.4 crores
Monthly Savings for 5 Years: Rs 1.3 lakhs x 60 months = Rs 78 lakhs
Retirement Benefits: Rs 2 crores
This totals to approximately Rs 4.18 crores (excluding interest and returns on investments).

Creating a Withdrawal Strategy
A well-planned withdrawal strategy is crucial to ensure that your retirement corpus lasts. Here are some steps:

Emergency Fund: Set aside an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be kept in liquid assets like a savings account or a liquid mutual fund.

Monthly Expenses: Your monthly expense requirement is Rs 1 lakh. With your current corpus, you need to ensure this amount is sustainably withdrawn without depleting your funds prematurely.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Invest a portion of your corpus in mutual funds and use an SWP to receive a fixed monthly income. This can provide regular cash flow while allowing the remaining investment to grow.

Rental Income: You have rental income of Rs 1.5 lakhs per year. Consider this as supplementary income for unexpected expenses or lifestyle enhancements.

Managing Your Son’s Wedding Expense
You have planned Rs 10 lakhs for your son's wedding. Here’s how to manage this without disrupting your financial plan:

Short-Term Investment: Place this amount in a short-term debt fund or a fixed deposit. This will keep the funds safe and liquid, ready for use when needed.

Liquid Funds: These funds can provide slightly better returns than a savings account and are easily accessible for large expenses like a wedding.

Ensuring Healthcare Security
Healthcare costs can be significant during retirement. Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage:

Health Insurance: Review your current health insurance policies. Consider enhancing your coverage if needed, given rising medical costs.

Critical Illness Insurance: This can provide a lump sum amount upon diagnosis of a critical illness, safeguarding your retirement corpus.

Estate Planning
Estate planning ensures that your assets are distributed according to your wishes and can also provide for your dependents after your passing. Consider the following:

Will: Draft a will to clearly state how you want your assets distributed. This can prevent legal disputes and ensure your family is taken care of.

Nominees and Beneficiaries: Ensure that all your investments, insurance policies, and bank accounts have updated nominees.

Adjusting Investments Post-Retirement
Upon retirement, your investment strategy should shift towards preservation and income generation. Here’s how to adjust:

Shift to Debt-Oriented Investments: Move a significant portion of your corpus into debt-oriented instruments to reduce risk. This includes debt mutual funds, fixed deposits, and government bonds.

Income Funds: These funds focus on generating regular income with lower risk. They can be a reliable source of monthly income.

Hybrid Funds: These funds invest in both equity and debt, offering a balance of growth and stability. They can be a part of your post-retirement portfolio.

Addressing Inflation
Inflation can erode your purchasing power over time. It’s essential to factor this into your retirement planning:

Equity Exposure: Maintain a small portion of your investments in equity even after retirement. Equities typically provide higher returns, helping to combat inflation.

Real Estate Income: Your rental income can also increase over time, providing a hedge against inflation.

Reviewing and Rebalancing
Regular review and rebalancing of your portfolio are crucial to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals:

Annual Reviews: Conduct an annual review of your investments and financial plan. This helps to make necessary adjustments based on performance and changing needs.

Rebalancing: Adjust the asset allocation of your portfolio periodically to maintain the desired balance between risk and return.

Final Insights
Srinivas, you have a strong foundation and clear goals. With careful planning and disciplined investing, you can ensure a financially secure and comfortable retirement. Diversify your investments, focus on actively managed funds, and regularly review your portfolio.

It's also essential to maintain a balance between growth and safety, ensuring that your funds last throughout your retirement. Seek the guidance of a Certified Financial Planner to refine and implement these strategies effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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